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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, June 08, 1938, Image 10

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THE EVENING STAR
With Sander Morning Edition
THEODORE W. NOYES, Ed’tor
WASHINGTON, D. C.
WEDNESDAY.June I, IMS
The Evenln* Star Newspaper Company
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hereinalsoare reserved.
Building Program.
The new building program for Wash
ington, for which initial appropriations
are contained in the deficiency bill re
ported to the House yesterday, will pro
vide greatly needed buildings for the War
Department, the Social Security Board
and the Railroad Retirement Board.
But is it not time for the city planners
and those responsible for locating Fed
eral buildings to stop crowding more
large and costly structures into North
west Washington and begin the logical
development of Northeast Washington
that has been so long delayed?
The site for the new War Department
Building in the area between Twenty
first and Twenty-third and C and E
streets N.W. was picked long ago. The
Social Security Building will be erected
at Indiana avenue and Third and Fourth
and B streets N.W. These sites are prob
ably fitting and have been carefully se
lected for these new buildings. But the
effect of locating these large structures
with their hundreds of employes in
Northwest Washington will be to aggra
vate the congestion already prevailing in
this part of the Capital. The tendency
seems to be to crowd building after
building within a relatively small area
south of Pennsylvania avenue and west
of the Capitol. The years to come will
intensify the seriousness of the mistake
made in placing so many large buildings
within the so-called Avenue Triangle.
That mistake cannot be rectified but its
repetition can certainly be avoided by
the adoption of some consistent policy of
locating large and important Federal
buildings in parts of the city which afford
ample space and are free of the traffic
problems found in the congested centers
of town.
In connection with the building pro
gram, it is unfortunate that the authori
ties have found it necessary to spend
$210,000 in the construction of a “tempor
ary” addition to the “temporary” Mu
nitions Building. This additional space
is undoubtedly required because of the
increased shipbuilding activity in con
nection with the naval expansion pro
gram, but every time a temporary addi
tion is built on a temporary building,
the building becomes more permanent.
The $210,000 addition to the Munitions
Building is described as a “temporary
type of penthouse” to be constructed on
top of the existing building. The ex
penditure is Justified because the rental
of comparable private office space would
in a few years amount to more than the
building cost. It is to be hoped, however,
that completion of the New War Depart
ment Building and later the new Navy
Department Building will mean the final
and complete demolition of the Muni
tions Building, which has remained
“temporary” too long.
While Secretary Wallace offers an oc
casional suggestion as to political pro
cedure, it has evidently become the in
tention of his old running mate, Mr.
Tugwell, to devote himself to a considera
tion of the cost of West Indian rum and
molasses. It is an old rule inherited
from the kindergarten that success de
pends on doing one thing and doing it
well.
While the New York Stock Exchange
Is engaged in responsible discussions of
finance the Chicago Board of Trade is
not as eloquent as might be expected in
considering the costs of meat, grain and
vegetables.
It appears that Mayor Hague refuses
to understand why discontented visitors
should not go on a few miles down the
New Jersey coast and enjoy the surf
bathing.
A Logical Decision.
The House Appropriations Committee
has come to the rescue of girls of the
National Training School and children
of the Receiving Home with a practicable
and sensible solution of the problem of
what to do about these two important
havens for unfortunate youth. Reversing
its previous policy, the committee has
decided to leave the institutions alone
for another fiscal year.
In other words, instead of abolishing
the Training School on July 1 and the
Receiving Home on January 1 next
without provision for sheltering the in
mates elsewhere, the committee now
recommends continuation of both estab
lishments in their present buildings. The
committee also indorsed the suggestion
Of a Senate subcommittee that a careful
rtudy be made, in the meantime, of the
whole child-caring situation in Wash
ington.
As a matter of fact, the House com
mittee had no other choice than to urge
Congress to grant a deficiency appro
l
prlation to carry the two Institutions
through the next fiscal year. Three
so-called "alternative plans" were sug
gested by the Budget Bureau, which
apparently had its tongue in its cheek,
but the committee, in common with all
officials in touch with the problem,
found none of them to be feasible.
The dilemma confronting the school
and the home was the result of hasty
and ill-considered action by members of
Congress who were dissatisfied with con
ditions there. However, the criticized
conditions, for the most part, long since
have been corrected. This the House
committee admits in its report on the
deficiency bill.
Both institutions undoubtedly can be
improved—indeed, in the case of the Re
ceiving Home, Improvements are needed
most urgently. The home is housed in a
made-over apartment building that is
wholly unsuited for child welfare pur
poses. New facilities are needed at the
National Training School for Girls.
Congress can render constructive serv
ice to both of these agencies and to
the whole community by providing the
Receiving Home with an adequate build
ing of its own and by co-operating with
District authorities in developing the
National Training School for Girls into
a model Institution.
No time should be lost in studying
the needs of all child-caring institutions
in the District, so that concrete recom
mendations can be presented to the next
Congress.
45,000-Tonners.
Thirty years ago, when the British
Navy launched the world's first all-big
gun battleship and therewith christened
all capital ships of that type with the
new and generic name of dreadnaughts,
a man-of-war displacing 18,000 tons, as
did the initial leviathan to fly the Union
Jack, was considered the size limit
to which any of the world's fleets were
likely to go in many a moon. Now dis
closure is made that, by tacit under
standing between the United States and
Great Britain, the long-discussed super
battleships that may later be laid down
by these "parity powers” will, as gen
erally foreshadowed, be vessels of 45,000
tons and mount 16-inch guns. These
figures are the result of a compromise
between British preference for 40,000
tonners and the American desire for
18-inch batteries.
It must be presumed that our ordnance
experts were finally persuaded that no
loss of striking power or battle efficiency
would ensue through installation of
smaller-barrelled weapons in ships of the
heavier displacement which we favor.
Because of the United States’ lack of
naval bases at strategic points through
out the world, our needs and traditions
call for "floating fortresses” of maximum
■ size commensurate with wide cruising
radius. It has evidently been decided
that 45,000-ton, 16-inch gun battleships
will answer all our purposes, and espe
cially that they will be able to nego
tiate the Panama Canal.
In consequence of the Vandenberg
amendment to the $1,150,000,000 naval
expansion bill enacted by Congress in
May, the three projected monsters are,
for the moment, "if” ships. That is to
say, their construction is authorized only
in the event that, and when, the Presi
dent definitely learns that other naval
powers have actually arranged to build
45,000-ton vessels. This provision was
written into the bill in order that no
step should be taken needlessly by this
country to increase the heavy cost of
adequate American sea power or gratui
tously give impetus to an armaments
race that is already burdensome to all
nations.
The circumstance that London and
Washington have agreed on dimensional
details of craft likely to cost $100,000,000
apiece would seem to indicate that their
construction has entered the realm of
probability—thanks mainly to-the sus
picious unwillingness of Japan to be un
equivocal about her big-ship program,
when invited by Britain, Prance and
this country for months ago to do so.
In his speech before the Bar Associa
tion of Tennessee Secretary Cordell Hull
stressed the need of support of inter
national law at the present time. It may
be considered even more important to
the peace of the world, his remarks
clearly suggest, than international poli
tics or international finance.
An American physician. Dr. Frederick
G. Scoville of the State of New York,
has been shot by a Japanese soldier. The
protest of Japan that the east coast of
China is not in a state of war should
Enhance the penalty to be exacted for
the outrage,
A number of Southern statesmen ap
prove of pump priming, but resent the
impression that a pump may be primed
into permanent service while dependent
on having water carried and poured in.
Administrative Integrity.
The disclosures of abuses in adminis
tration of the social security program in
Oklahoma are extreme manifestations of
“playing politics with human misery.”
For as a result of the inexcusable ex
ercise of “politics” in the issuance of
public assistance checks to dead persons,
to persons owning property beyond any
measure of need, and to others ineligible
for various reasons, the State adminis
tration succeeded in depriving all persons
for an indefinite time of needed Federal
aid.
The real tragedy of this situation, of
course, is that those who suffer by the
withdrawal of Federal funds are not
those responsible for the abuses but
rather the persons dependent upon such
aid. It is to be hoped that those han
dling the funds during the. succeeding
weeks, in which Federal money is to be
advanced on a restricted basis only,
will have sufficient conscience and sense
of justice to make sure that those in
need do not suffer distress.
As for the manner in which the situa
tion has been handled by the Federal
Board, the uncompromisingjleteraina
tion of Federal officials to force a house
cleaning in Oklahoma and to withhold
Federal funds until assurance is avail
able that they will not be further wasted
is a wholly commendable procedure.
Nothing could be more damaging to
a Nation-wide system of social insur
ance and public assistance than a feel
ing that integrity of the system could be
disregarded without reproach by irre
sponsible administrative officials. In the
final analysis, responsibility for this in
tegrity is vested in the Federal Board
and it cannot be too scrupulous in ad
hering to strict interpretation of the law.
Montreal Gazette.
When a North American newspaper
celebrates one hundred and sixty years
of continuous publication, the event is
worthy of more than local notice. Such
a record would be distinctive anywhere
in a world in which good and useful
enterprises of the human spirit not
infrequently die altogether too young.
However, the Montreal Gazette,
founded June 3, 1778, has other claims
to fame than merely that of advanced
yet Vigorous maturity. Its original
sponsor was Benjamin Franklin; its first
publisher his friend and former employe,
Fleury Mesplet, the latter gratefully re
membered in his own right as a cam
paigner for the freedom of the press
from arbitrary control of every kind.
The purpose of the paper at its be
ginning wAs to promote fraternity be
tween Canadians and the people of the
Thirteen Colonies then engaged in their
struggle for liberty from the system of
misgovernment personified in King
George III.
But a larger destiny, a service perhaps
not entirely unvisioned by its architects,
was to be the Gazette’s lot during the
next century and a half. It became,
when the emergency of the Revolution
had passed, a great journal of news and
opinion which reasonably might be
likened to a fortress of civilization in
the 8t. Lawrence Valley. Quebec grew
from a town of ten thousand souls to
a metropolis of, probably, two hundred
thousand. The community and Mesplet’s
infant periodical developed as a single
force, strong with a natural strength.
Each made the other, and the result is
something for rejoicing. The Evening
Star of Washington congratulates the
present generation of owners and readers
on their Inheritance and the oppor
tunities for further expansion which
certainly lie ahead.
A former mayor of Louisville, Ky„ has
been elected permanent president of the
National Association of Broadcasters. He
will have the good wishes of the public
and some sympathy, if his Job implies
responsibility for the settlement of all
quarrels which arise in the conduct of
this peculiar and interesting branch of
show business.
One of the remarkable effects of cam
paigning is the establishment of the
State of Iowa as a point of great sig
nificance in the political future. States,
like individuals, present themselves sud
denly with unforseen prospects.
Charlie Chaplin is said to have fasci
nated an American heiress. He may be
a comedian whose distinction permits the
public to regard anything he may choose
to do as entitled to the attention of a
fun-loving public.
i
—' » » ■■■■
Shooting Stars.
By PHILANDER JOHNSON.
Preparation.
See the rooster strut and bluster
As he goes upon parade
In a suit of feather-duster
Handed to him readymade.
He is proud beyond endurance.
He is haughtier than a king
And he has the blamed assurance
To Imagine he can sing.
He believes it is his splendor
Which the crowd cannot forget
That compels attentions tender
As they treat him like a pet.
He doesn’t know they feed him
With solicitude complete
For the reason that they’ll need him
When he’s fat enough to eat.
There is many a human duffer
Who is jollied by his fate,
Thinking he's the merry bluffer
Whom all hands congratulate;
And he seems secure and steady
In bumptiousness profound
Till the wise guys find him ready
To be cooked and passed around.
Domestic Criticism.
“Don't you think we are better for
feminine criticism about our expendi
tures?” asked the active legislator.
“Yes," replied Senator Sorghum, “al
though we’ve got to remember that some
wives don’t criticize a man any di
ferently for losing ten thousand dollars
than for forgetting to wind the clock.”
Counting the Change.
I’m mystified, I will agree.
My coin comes in so quick.
Is it deflation that I see
Or Just a plain gold brick?
“I sometimes enjoy reading the news
dispatches,” said Hi Ho, the sage of
Chinatown. “By comparison they make
this humdrum thing we call ‘life’ seem
mighty pleasant and satisfactory."
Modern Duplicity.
“There’s no use of trying to deny that
I get the worst of every bargain,” said
Farmer Corntoasel.
"You will insist on buying gold bricks.”
"Yes, but those they used to sell were
more neatly made than what I now find
on the market.”
Home.
“Home on the Range” we sang with grace
And yet with discontent.
' I’m thankful now for any place
Where I can pay the rent.
“De dub," said Unde Eben, “gave me
a good start as a baseball pitcher but
decided Z was naturally so dictatorial dat
I’d better be umpire at less pay.”
A
THE LENIENT GOD. By Naomi Jaoob.
New York: The Macmillan Co.
A novel by Naomi Jacob may always
be relied upon as a substantial and en
tertaining companion. She has the gift
of presenting English family life, in vil
lage, in farm country, or in crowded
London, so 4htimately and with such
keen characterization that the scene be
comes familiar and the men and women
whose activities and interests are inter
preted become warmly human people,
endeavoring to keep step to the tune of
life about them, striving for happiness,
suffering disappointments and disillus
ionments, working and playing accord
ing to the lot that fate has decreed to
be theirs.
Present-day London is the scene of
this newest story of a family belonging
to that substantial body' of citizenry
which works hard, has no time for or in
terest in the ideologies of rainbow
chasing reformers who seek to reduce
society to a common level, and holds to
its faith in honesty and respectability.
The family consists of Bill Warren, his
mother, his sister, his brother and his
grandmother. Bill is a bus driver and
has been for a good many years when
the events recorded in this story take
place.
When as a youngster Bill had come
home with the news that he had been
awarded a scholarship for St. Mervyn’s
College his father and mother were
justly proud. Three years in the college
opened the way for possibly two years at
Cambridge. He liked books and study
and the experience of pitting his brains
against those of other boys and beating
them hands down gave him keen pleas
ure. He had loved college and was mak
ing fine progress when an unfortunate
episode in the room of one of the profes
sors resulted in putting an end to his
formal education. If the Warrens had
been socially prominent matters would
undoubtedly have taken a different turn,
but Bill’s father was a grocer, so the lad
left school and went to work in the
store.
So keen a disappointment is not easy
for a young man to bear. Bill hated the
grocery and took a job in a garage,
which led to another position as a com
bination of manservant and friend to a
wealthy man whose poor condition of
health required seasonal moves to suit
able climates. While working in this
capacity and getting something out of
life that served as not too meager a sub
stitute for a career that college may have
fitted him for. Bill had met a young
woman for whom he cherished a deep
and abiding love. Circumstances which
neither of them could surmount had sep
arated them, and after the death of Bill's
employer and friend he returned to the
home of his mother and regressed to
the status of a bus driver.
Ten years have passed and Bill's life
has been filled largely with the petty af
fairs of family association that sometimes
develop into major crises. Her sister Elsie
conducts a millinery shop and under the
influence of a floorwalker boy friend de
velops into a characteristic snob. Johnnie
is one of those pathetic souls with an in
feriority complex who dons an armor of
pretense in the hope that it will make
him what he wants to be. Elsie marries
him. Eileen, a cinema-mad girl who
works in Elsie's shop, thinks she would
like to marry Bill and manages to nego
tiate an engagement to him. Knowing
his love for Elspeth Simmons to be hope
less. he seeks comfort in the promise
of a home of his own. But Eileen meets
his brother Arthur, who is as handsome
as a matinee idol and who loves the
movies as much as she does, so they
elope.
And through all of the family ups arid
downs and quarrels runs the sharp sar
casm of old Gran, whose tongue is ever
ready with an apt retort or comment upon
the shortcomings of Arthur and Elsie and
whose wit remains keen and tart to the
end of her life. Also there is the shrewd
ness and sympathy of Bill's mother,
whose capability in handling her family
is marked by deep understanding. She is
a Yorkshire woman, whose roots are in
the soil and whose whole nature re
sponds to the opportunity which comes
to Bill to leave London and go to a quiet
countryside home near Cambridge where
they both may enjoy peace. More years
have rolled by and time has taken its toll
of Bill in numerous ways, but time, he
learns, is indeed a lenient god.
* a a *
COLLEGE SQUARE. By Susan Good
year. New York: Charles Scribner’s
Sons.
This the sort of story that reads two
ways, depending upon the point of view
from which it is approached. It has been
said by some one who ought to know that
tiiere are two kinds of people in the
world—school teachers and just people.
The outsider, looking in upon the tangle
of a few lives bound by the limitations
and traditions of professional interests,
will find Susan Goodyear’s novel an en
tertaining romance that runs true to
form in the nature and complexity of its
theme and in its character delineation
and interpretation. It may be likened
to an entertaining variety of the little
social circles familiar to the dwellers in
all small towns, circles “one would love
to live in for a time and then leave.” It
is,a good story, well written, and has
a sympathetic though not a vital appeal.
The other side of the picture is that
which will be keenly appreciated by those
who have lived on the college square
and who by choice or compulsion have
left it for a broader form of life. Absence
and distance from the scene over a pe
riod of years permits a retrospective en
joyment that is likely to find humor
rather than romance in the situations
which are not uncommon in the social
circles of all college squares.
There are six houses facing the square
of this particular English country college.
They are the homes of the staff members,
and within their doors are bred the am
bitions and jealousies, the loves and the
hatreds that tangle lives and nearly
wreck the college before the clouds van
ish and the two love affairs turn out
happily.
* * * *
THE MISSING AUNT. By G. D. H. and
Margaret Cole. New York: The Mac
millan Co.
When John Widecombe made a long,
wearying journey to Gracechurch Abbey
it was to see Katherine Latchmere and
to make the best possible impression upon
her Aunt Mary Anne. Katherine; and
John had met at Oxford and were In
love, but the elder Miss Latchmere
looked with disfavor upon any acquaint
ance that had not first been given her
approval. Unfortunately for the young
man, and for a number of other people
as well,' Mary Anne Latchmere had been
obliged to call upon some neighbors that
afternoon—and she did not come back.
■While the search is under way for the
missing spinster her sister, ill and near
death from an incurable disease, dies
violently from a dose of poison. The
estates of both women are bones of con
tention over which various nieces and
nephews have quarreled for years, and
both women were in the process of mak
ing specific disposition of their wealth
when stricken by death—fen: Mary Anne's
battered body is soon found in the bot
tom of a quarry.
Superintendent Wilson of Scotland
Yard la called in and a lively day of
i
THIS AND THAT
My CHARLES E. TRACEWBLL.
TAKOMA PARK, D. C.
“Dear Sir: I hasten to teH you that
for two or three weeks past the olive
backed thrush has been about, and,
what is better, has been singing its un
mistakable, once heard, song.
“Last Friday morning was the last
time I heard it. Previous to that I heard
its song on three occasions during the
time mentioned. And each time was
during a steady rain, and in our back
yard. '
"We have a Japanese cherry tree
there—one which bears small cherries—
and one morning about three weeks ago
we saw a thrush there which struck me
as being different from our familiar
wood thrush, so I seized the glass and
gave it another look, and it was quite
different, in that its breast was much
less spotted.
“For several days I was uncertain
whether it was the gray-cheeked or the
olive-backed, but subsequent observations
of birds almost daily about the yard
proved if to be the latter.
* a * *
“And Just about this time that new
song was heard, thrushlike, but on a
definitely rising scale, in four or more
steps and ending with a gurgling trill
such as the wood thrush uses to punctu
ate his units of song.
“I had meanwhile seen a veery also,
but seemed to recall that his song was
rather in ‘cartwheels.' But a* look at
Schuyler Matthew confirmed my sus
picion.
“The song belonged to the olive-backed.
I have neither seen nor heard him since
Friday.
“But the robins—have there ever been
so many?
"I looked out the studio window one
morning just in time to see Mrs. Robin
starting a nest in the plum tree. She
didn’t mind my watching. Last week five
children joined the throng, all well
grown before leaving the nest.
“During the Incubation period Papa
Robin sat on the telephone wire and en
tertained her.
“I have always insisted that all robins
were named Juliet, Julie or Julius, Just
as I have always insisted that they posi
tively do not sing, but recite In blank
verse.
“But this lady’s name appeared to be
Bridget.
"I know you don’t like words put to
birds’ songs—but to me robins doh’t sing!
“I so often think of writing you after
one of your columns, for, as my sister
so often observed Just as soon as we
speak of some phenomenon such as more
birds, larger leafage, or the like This
and That has it that night.
“Sincerely, M. J. R. R
* * * *
Bird identification is one of the finest
sports.
The requirements are small, mainly an
interest in the subject and a book of
birds.
The latter is essential, both for be
ginner ar.d experienced looker. There
are many "bird books” on the market,
some low in price, some moderate, others
expensive.
Many bird lovers have found excellent
little books at the “five-and-ten.” All of
those we have seen have had nicely col
ored pictures and good text. For the
beginner they are all that is necessary.
Any one who identifies most of the speci
mens in these books has a very good
start, indeed.
The book stores have small pocket
volumes, usually in a slip cover, for use
i In the field and forest, but mo6t bird
friends find that they are of equal value
at home In the garden.
The larger works will come along in
time. They are indispensable for any
one who finds the sport of bird watching
especially to his fancy.
* * * *
With the aid of a good book it is pos
sible for any amateur to identify in the
neighborhood of 50 or more species in a
year’s time.
Some of these are steady residents
hereabouts the year around, others will
be seen for a few days only at migrating
time, others only now and then as they
visit one’s yard from their own yard. Let
us malpe this point clear, for it is often
overlooked. Not every bird which is
living during the summer in this vicinity
is in every garden. Down the street, for
instance, there may be a wood thrush,
which nests in Bill Jones’ apple tree.
But Tom Jones, up the street, never sees
those birds. As far as he is concerned,
there are no wood thrushes in the neigh
borhood. One fine day he sees a "new”
bird, and becomes very much excited
about it. It has a brown back, he says,
and has spots on its breast—why, that’s
a wood thrush, isn’t it? Sure enough,
it is! But it is the only (me he sees the
year around.
This goes on all the time. The bird
which lives in one garden may visit an
other only occasionally, and the owner
of the latter yard will tend to think that
the specimen is rare in the vicinity.
The territorial theory accounts for all
this. According to this theory, the birds
which come north to nest select a terri
tory, which they stake off with their
songs; that is, they sing not only to
please the mate, but they sing in order
to warn other birds of the same species
away. Each bird needs an enormous
amount of food each day, and the nest
lings, in particular, need a great deal.
Each bird feels that too many of the
same species in a given territory would
mean starvation for all.
* * * *
The wood thrush, the olive-backed
thrush, and the veery, a member of the
thrush family—
All have been identified hereabouts
within the past three weeks by amateur
bird watchers..
This is Interesting, because the latter
two are not easy to identify.
Noting the differences between species
of the same genus is the way to success.
This means that one first must know the
"standard” birds, and the only way for
the newcomer to achieve this knowledge
is to see their pictures in color, and then
to match them up with the actual crea
tures in bush and tree.
This is where the small bird books
come in as most valuable and helpful.
Take the sparrows.
It is only after one has leafed over
colored illustrations of 20 or more species
of this great bird family that one realizes
fully just how much alike they look to
the inexperienced eye, and how carefully
it will be necessary to pick out the one
or two distinctive marks which distin
guish a song sparrow, let us say, from the
familiar English sparrow.
Bird study is a branch of knowledge
which opens up unexpected vistas and
enjoyment to many who went for years
of their lives without giving it a thought.
"Better late than never”—there is no
field of knowledge to which this old say
ing applies quite so well as to bird study.
The Boy Scout, eager for his Eagle's
degree; the retired business man, the
housewife in her kitchen, the bustling
executive—all these and more will find in
bird observation many happy and profit
able hours.
JAPAN’S CABINET SHAKE-UP
LAID TO MILITARY REPULSE
Financial Burdens and Civilian Impatience Declared to
Have Forced More Aggressive Action in Attempt
to Conquer China.
Long delay in the attempt to conquer
China is held responsible for the shake
up In the Japanese cabinet, which has
brought military leaders into increased
prominence among the rulers of the
country. It is described as a desperate
move, brought about by the cost of the
war, the impatience at home, and the
failure to show any impressive results.
"The very fact that Japan resorts to
these extreme measures is best proof of
its desperate straits,” says the Long
Beach (Calif.) Press-Telegram. The
Cleveland News declares: "The whole
change in policy is brought about in an
atmosphere of great calm, but it actually
is a desperate measure. If it fails, not
only will China win the war but Japan's
prestige as a military power will collapse;
financial distress will burden the nation
for years; and Russia may settle a 30-year
grudge.”
* * * *
"They are finding out that Chinese
subjugation is a virtual impossibility,”
states the Los Angeles Times, with the
conclusion that "the farther an invader
penetrates into that country, the tougher
the job gets; the more he seems to win,*
the nearer comes his ultimate defeat."
The Newark Evening News says that
"living costs in Japan are rising, foreign
trade has fallen off, national credit
abroad is dwindling, and there are mis
givings about Japan’s ability to hold
Manchukuo against possible Russian
assault.”
“The end of the war is far distant,”
agrees the San Jose Mercury Herald,
"and victory anything but certain.
Japanese aggression has infuriated 400,
000,000 Chinese people and alienated all
the nations save Nazi Germany and
Fascist Italy. The militarists have made
a desperate gamble with the empire as
the stake, and they may lose.”
A further estimate, as made by the
Pasadena Star-News, is that “Japan’s
high-handed attitude toward foreign in
terests and their open-door treaties
threatens far-reaching involvements.”
The Adrian (Mich.) Telegram advises
that "the generals and admirals will be
forced to exact every penny of tribute
from the people to pay for the exploit.”
The Toledo Blade predicts “super
aggression” as “the new policy.”
“Japan has for so long been dominated
by the army and navy cliques,” comments
the St. Paul Pioneer Press, “that the re
vision of government personnel appears
less significant than it otherwise would.
In reality the military are not taking
over the government so much as they
are simply coming out from behind the
scenes to make and carry out their poli
cies openly and with full responsibility.
It was the military men who thought the
conquest of China would be a matter of
weeks and got their country into the
present mess which threatens its very
existence. But now, instead of being dis
credited, they are of necessity given even
greater power. It is a lesson in the
danger of allowing the military author
ities to be independent of civilian con
trol.”
+ * * *
“The triumph of Suchow,” suggests
the Port Worth Star-Telegram, “has
already emerged as a minor one for the
Japanese. China’s armies are still in
the field, playing the game of attrition
against Japan, which has already seen
her treasury dwindle, her foreign trade
diminish, her casualty lists grow and her
task of servicing a scattered army 1,500
miles away from home grow heavier.
Rehabilitation must await a Japanese
triumph, to say nothing of pacification
of Chinese guerrilla forces and Chinese
labor. To the north awaits the powerful
Soviet Russian army with a grudge to
even up at the opportune moment. Japan
appears to have more than face to save.”
Never Too Much Trouble
to Cultivate Friendship
To the Editor ot The Star:
Too much cannot be said about true
friends. The poet who said, "A friend
thou hast and his adoption tried grapple
him to thy heart with hoops of steel,”
spoke- truly. Difficulties of all kinds can
be overcome by talking them over with
a friend. Pleasures can be much more
enjoyed if shared with a friend. When
our loved ones pass cm to their reward we
turn instinctively to our friends for
advice and suggestions. God sent us
friends; let it never be too much trouble
to cultivate their friendship.
LELA E. HILLERS.
search and inquiry ensues when he dis
covers that two members of the family
are black sheep, two other people who
may be involved are mentally off bal
ance and two other members of the fam
ily stand to benefit by the latest known
desires of the departed aunts. With all
of these conflicting elements, however,
the tale is not very exciting, even though
the activities of Superintendent Wilson
are strenuous and effective.
A
Says Germans Offer
Talents to the World
T# tho Editor of The Star:
It is refreshing to the American spirit
to read Mr. Horace P. Cullington’s letter
headed “Unwarranted Attacks on Ger
man Race Deplored." He has clearly and
concisely stated the case.
This is a cosmopolitan nation and it is
very important not only for the various
nationals that compose it but for the
Nation as a whole to avoid any internal
racial conflicts. The German segment
of this country has identified itself with
the beet traditions of the United States.
TTiey do not exploit nor attempt to over
lay their culture on the Nation. They
simply ofTer their talents without propa
ganda. Their case is far too seldom
stated, as they do not exercise a major
control over press, radio and moving pic
tures. Again, thanks to Mr. Cullington.
J. W. KELLEY.
Teeth for John Bull.
From tbs Shreveport Journal.
The United States has entered into an
agreement to furnish Great Britain
40,000,000 false teeth, which would indi
cate that John Bull has bitten off more
thou he can chew.
4,.
ANSWERS TO
QUESTIONS
By FREDERIC J. HASKIN.
A reader can get the answer to any
question of fact by uniting The Eve
ning Star Information Bureau, Frederic
J. Haskin, Director, Washington, D. C.
Please inclose stamp for reply.
Q. Is there a bushmaster snake In
the United States?—C M..Q.
A. A living specimen of this rare*
snake has recently been presented to
the American Museum of Natural His
tory in New York City. It is the largest
poisonous snake in the New World and
is the only snake known to pursue human
beings, following up its attack with a
series of vicious lunges of its long fangs.
The specimen displayed is about two
thirds grown and approximately 7 feet in
length. It was captured In Trinidad.
Q. What flag has been carried to the
greatest height and lowest depth?—W.
S. G. *
A. Ishbel Ross in an article on “The
National Geographic Magazine" In Scrib
ner's says that the National Geographic
flag has been raised to the loftiest height
yet attained in the strafcwphere (72,395
feet) and lowered to the greatest depth
reached below water (3,028 feet).
Q. What is the origin of modem mo
tion picture experimentation?—C. F. ,
A. It had Its inception in a paper read
by a British scientist, Peter Mark Roget,
before the Royal 8ociety In 1824.
Q. What Is the weight of the brain?—
H. J.
A. The brain of an adult weighs ap
proximately 3 pounds.
Q. How large is the Island of Mada
gascar In comparison to some other re
gions?— H. L. F.
A. Madagascar Is more than twice the *
size of the entire boot of Italy. It Is
about 8 per cent larger than France and
about 10 per cent smaller than Texas.
Q. Who is at the head of the National
Public Housing Conference?—F. M. G.
A. Mrs. Mary Kingsbury Simkhovitch
is president of the organization.
Q. Is it ever permissible for a man to .
sign a letter with the prefix Mr.?—M.
F. G.
A. Emily Post says: “As unconventional
as it may sound, it is at times permissible
that a man prefix Mr. in parentheses to
his signature to explain that such a
name, for example, as Leslie, Sidney,
Shirley or Marion, is not that of a woman.
On the other hand, if he is inclosing a
self-addressed envelope, this prefix is not
necessary.”
Q. Who is Marya Zaturenska, whose *
book of verse won the Pulitzer Prize?—
L. H. M.
A. In private life she is the wife of
Horace Gregory, professor of poetry at
Sarah Lawrence College. She was bom
in Kiev on September 12, 1902, and came
to this country when a child. Many of
her childhood poems were influenced by
life on the East Side, where she grew up.
In 1922 she won the Zona Gale scholar
ship which enabled her to attend the
University of Wisconsin. Her first volume
of poetry, “Threshold and Hearth,” pub- .
lished in 1934, won the Shelley Award.
Q. How many nuns are there in the
United States?—S. W.
A. It is estimated that there are more
than 50,000.
Q. What is the oldest broadcasting
station in the United States?—R. S. G.
A. It is Station KDKA of Pittsburgh.
Q. Please give directions for making
almond paste.—J. S. L.
A. One and one-half cups ground al
monds, blanched but unroasted; three
quarters cup sugar, one-half teaspoon
salt, one-quarter cup water, four drops
almond extract. Combine the ingredi
ents and cook for 20 minutes in a covered
double boiler. Stir the paste while
cooling, and then pack in a covered con
tainer and place in the refrigerator.
Q. Why was Mme. Schumann-Heink,
given a military funeral?—E. H. G.
A. The famous singer was given a
funeral with full military honors by the
American Legion, Post No. 43, at Holly
wood, and the Hollywood Po6t of Dis
abled Veterans of the World War be
cause of her great generosity to the sol
diers during the World War.
Q. Please quote William Jennings
Bryan’s “Ode to Water.”—8. N. McL.
A. “Water—the daily need of every
living thing. It rises from the earth
obedient to the summons of the sun, and *
descends in showers of blessings. It
gives of its beauty to the fragrant flowers.
It is the alchemy that transmutes base
clay into golden grain. It is the canvas
on which the finger of the Infinite traces
the radiant bow of promise. It is the
drink that cheers and brings no sorrow
with it. Jehovah looked upon it at
Creation’s dawn and said ‘It is good.’ ”
Q. What is the National Achievement
Award?—C. P. L.
A. The National Achievement Award,
founded in 1930, la a gold medal de
signed by Miss Prances Grimes, awarded
annually to a woman of notable accom
plishment in the fields of science, public
affairs, art, education, letters, business,
and finance, It is sponsored by Chi
Omega.
—■ <
Q. What did the reception to Lind
bergh cost New York City?—L. H.
A. The co6t was estimated at #71.
850.87.
T 1t> - - 1
New Quiz Book
For Ten Cents
The new Haskin Quiz Book of 48 pages,
containing 750 questions and answers, is
priced within the reach of all—only a
dime. The quiz subjects covered are art.
history, biographies, Bible, sports and
games, politics and government, natural
history, literature and language, music
familiar sayings, science, geography
abbreviations, mythology, Junior, super,
and miscellaneous. You’ll never get more
fw a dime, both in worth and enjoyment.
sarsjs ** ^ ‘
»
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