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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, June 18, 1938, Image 2

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Hazen Says 3-Lane Span to
Stand as Monument
to Advocates.
Chain Bridges have come and gone
with the passing of time, and today a
new chapter has been started in the
history of this famous link between
Washington and its Virginia neighbors.
No one is certain in just what year
the first bridge was erected on this
site. A wooden roofed-in structure is
believed to have been built some 140
years ago and later washed away.
Down through the years other bridges
spanned the historic Potomac at this
point, serving their purpose until the
toll of time and flood took away their
The new chapter in the story of
Chain Bridge was opened yesterday
when Federal and District government
officials joined with civic leaders and
residents of Washington and Virginia
in the dedication of the new 1,351-foot
superstructure built on the piers of the
last Chain Bridge, which was opened
in 1874.
Three-Lane Bridge.
A* described by Engineer Commis
sioner Dan I. Sultan in a talk before
the hundreds of persons on hand for
the official opening, the new span is
outstanding in that it has the longest
continuous girder of any bridge in this
country, perhaps in the world. It is
a three-lane bridge, with pedestrian
walks on either side. Wide, well-paved
approaches on both the Virginia and
District sides have been constructed.
' "It will stand as a monument to
those who fought so long and so hard
for a modern new structure,” Com
missioner Melvin C. Hazen told the
audience assembled on the District
aide of the bridge.
"The new structure is of the utmost
importance,” said Francis G. Addison,
Jr., president of the Board of Trade.
‘<It is an artery over which thousands
will travel daily, and it undoubtedly
will enhance the progress of the ad
joining communities."
Two Recall 1874 Dedication.
Two of the most deeply interested
spectators at the ceremonies were
Carl C. Haneke, 90 yerrs old, of 1212
Thirtieth street N.W., and Joseph E.
Benjamin, 86 years old, of 129 C street
N.E., both of whom remember the
dedication and opening in 1874 of the
Chain Bridge just removed.
“I can even remember an old wood
en structure that was destroyed by
ice in 1868,” said Mr. Haneke.
Senator Glass, Democrat, of Vir
ginia, who, as chairman of the Sen
ate Appropriations Committee, played
a major part in obtaining funds for
the new structure, recalled that he
asked Congress to appropriate *100,000
more for the bridge than the District
had requested.
Representative Smith of Virginia
said he felt the bridge would increase
the desire for even greater co-opera
tion between the District of Columbia
and Virginia than ever before.
One of the highlights was a talk by
John Clagett Proctor, writer and his
torian, who discussed the history of
the land on both sides of the bridge.
He brought with him a 4’i-foot link
from a chain once used in a chain
bridge of many years ago. The link
was obtained from Mrs. Mary Foster
through her cousin, Mrs. George Tru
ett, daughter of the late Gilbert Van
Derwerken, pioneer omnibus owner
and operator in Washington.
Trace* Chains U> 1808.
"There are no chains in Chain Bridge
today,” Mr. Proctor said. The printed
program for the dedication carried a
history of “The Chain Bridge—New
and Old,” written by Mr. Proctor. In
It he said the first bridge constructed
there in such a manner as to justify
use of the name Chain Bridge was the
one erected in 1808 and destroyed by
flood waters two years later.
Th* final step in the dedication
came with the cutting of a ribbon
at the bridge entrance by Miss Mary
Carrol Seal, daughter of Corpora
tion Counsel Elwood Seal, and Miss
Marianne McCarty. This was followed
by a motorcade across the bridge, led
by the Boys' Band of the Arlington
Kiwanis Club and a group of Ameri
can Legionnaires. The American
Legion Boys' Drum Corps also played.
Among the guests present was for
mer Representative Thomas L. Blan
ton of Texas, who was chairman of
the House Subcommittee on District
Appropriations when the funds for the
new Chain Bridge were made avail
The Washington Gas Light Co.
Band played several selections
throughout the program, and pupils
from the Americanization School,
dressed in native costumes, presented
%_ colorful program of folk dances.
George C. Shinn, chairman of the
Bridge Dedication Committee, pre
* ———————
iobert McLean Will Get Cnp of
! Princeton Class of 1913 at
Reunion Tonight.
•y the Associated Press.
' PRINCETON, N. J„ June 18.—The
<Ja*s of 1913 loving cup will be pre
sented tonight to Robert McLean,
president of the Associated Press, by
hi» classmates at Princeton University
in recognition of his elevation to “the
place of first honor in the great or
ganization known for its impartiality
in expertly handling the world’s news.”
[ Presentation of the cup to the As
sociated Press and Philadelphia Eve
ning Bulletin president will be made
Ify Reuben J. Ross of New York City
fresident of the class of 1913, at the
twenty-fifth reunion dinner.
; Twenty-five years ago the cup was
passed from man to man in the final
graduation ceremony to the chant
'fere's to You.” Since 1934 it has
been dedicated annually at the class
ri-union in recognition of "outstanding
accomplishments” by members of the
I "His personality, his character, his
valued knowledge and his devotion to
tie highest ideals of the newspaper
world,” the citation said, "have led him
to the place of first honor in the great
organization known for its impartiality
ip expertly handling the world's news.”
• Others who received the cup were
Jbhn Gilbert Winant, former Governor
3 New Hampshire and now director
the International Labor Office at
Qeneva; Dr. Wilder Graves Penfield,
McGill University neurologist; Roger
Tfcilliam Strauss, co-chairman of the
National Conference of Jews and
Christians, and Prof. Sherley Warner
Morgan, director of the School of
Agriculture of Princeton University.
At Dedication of New Chain Bridge
Carl C. Haneke, 90, who saw
the old Chain Bridge dedi
cated 64 years ago, teas pres
ent yesterday to witness dedi
cation of its successor.
Sees ‘Bitter Fulfillment’ of
Warnings Against New
Deal Policies.
By the Associated Press.
Republican leaders denounced Con
gress yesterday for adjourning while
the country was in the throes of "a
severe economic crisis." and accused
administration leaders of determined
efforts to "change the American form
of Government."
Senate Minority Leader McNary and
House Leader Snell issued a joint
statement declaring the first duty of
the National Legislature should have
been to remain in session “and adopt
measures to alleviate the paralysis of
Asserting proposals of the House and
Senate Republicans and their warn
ings of the “dangers inherent in many
New Deal policies” had either been
“ignored or ridiculed,” the statement
“It is with the keenest regret and
aversion that we now witness a bitter
fulfillment of the warnings we have
issued. The planned Roisevelt re
covery has, as we warned, become the
Roosevelt depression."
Fallacious Policies Hit.
Hie minority leaders charged that
the increase in unemployment to more
than 13,000,000 persons and the“tail
spin” of farm, commodity and security
prices resulted “directly from the fal
lacious policies and inefficient admin
istration of the New Deal.”
"These results could have been
avoided,” they said, “had the New
Deal accepted the remedial measures
proposed, especially during the last 18
months, by the Republicans of the
House and Senate.
“Instead, the time of this Congress
has been dissipated in determined
efforts by administration leaders to
change the American form of govern
ment through Supreme Court packing
and so-called governmental reorgan
ization schemes. Stubbornly, the
President and his advisers have re
fused to admit the error of their
policies, even as the house of cards
they built falls apart around them.”
List Opposition Policies.
The Republican spokesmen listed 10
proposals for which they had fought,
sometimes successfully, during the ses
sion. Among these were repeal of the
undistributed profits tax, modification
of the capital gains tax, balancing of
the Federal budget through elimina
tion of waste and through equitable
taxation, return of relief administra
tion to the States, revision of the
Wagner Labor Relations Act to “end
the present wasteful and disruptive
discord between employer and em
"In brief, the Republicans of House
and Senate have fought to bring about
c sound, lasting revival of American
industry and business,” the statement
said, "believing this is the only means
whereby farmers can find markets at
fair prices for their crops, workers jobs
at living wages and consumers a better
standard of living.”
Asserting that was the Republican
program, the minority leaders said
they remained pledged to fight for its
adoption and would "continue that
fight unremittingly when we return to
Washington in greatly Increased num
Sends Message to Scout Head,
Who Will Celebrate His
88th Year Tuesday.
Franklin D. Roosevelt today stepped
from his role as President into that of
Boy Scout as he sent birthday con
gratulations to "Uncle Dan” Beard.
Scouting pioneer.
Mr. Beard, national Scout commis
sioner and chairman of the National
Court of Honor, will celebrate his 88th
birthday anniversary Tuesday in the
company of 3,000 boys at Suffem, N. Y.
As honorary president of the Boy
Scouts of America, Mr. Roosevelt
wrote, in part:
“The boys of the Nation—and If we
are fortunate, we never get over being
boys—long since made you their hero.
For it was you who taught us all new
lessons out of the Book of Nature.
From you we learned the secrets of
woodcraft, the Joy of life in the open
and a new companionship with the
denizens of forest, field and stream,
the beauty, and the strength of pi«<n
living and high thinking.
“In sending you affectionate birth
day greetings my hope is that you
may long be spared in health and
strength as the guide, counselor and
friend of American youth."
The bridge was formally opened with the cutting of the
silk tape. Left to right are Commissioner Melvin' C. Hazen,
Miss Mary Carroll Seal, daughter of the corporation counsel;
Marianne McCarty, and Washington I. Cleveland of the Ameri
can Automobile Association. —Star Staff Photos.
Copeland’s Last Days Aided
Doctor, Nazis’ Ex-Prisoner
One of Senator Copeland’s last offi
cial acts before his death last night
will make it possible for Dr. Sigfried
Speyer, late of a Nazi concentration
camp, to practice medicine in the Dis
trict of Columbia.
Late on Tuesday, the day before the
Senator was stricken, the private bill,
overriding the legal technicalities
that stood in the way of the doctor’s
license, returned to the Senate with
an amendment offered in the House.
Despite the pressure of imminent
adjournment, the Senator saw to it
that the bill was passed so Dr. Speyer
would not have to wait another six
months or more before returning to his
Dr. Speyer’s plight was brought be
fore the Senator in March. He was
told that the doctor, for 25 years an
eminent obstetrician and gynecologist
in Germany, had left his homeland
late in 1936 after a term in a concen
tration camp. He knew what Dr.
Speyer had been president of a Berlin
Medical Society, had had his own
hospital and because the doctor had
sought to aid some at his colleagues
who had fallen into Nazi hands, he
had been sent to a concentration camp
and afterward had seen his practice
Delay Creates Technicalities.
The legal technicalities, the Senator
was told, were caused because the
doctor had delayed six months in filing
his application for a license and be
cause there was no teciprocity of
medical licenses between Germany and
the District.
Knowing the doctor had spent those
six months in an Americanization
school learning the English language
so he would be better qualified to prac
tice here, the Senator immediately
Treasury Employe Is to Jump
From Plane Over College
Park Tomorrow.
Miss Helen Frigo, 20-year-old
Treasury Department employe, will
leap from a plane at College Park, Md.,
tomorrow and take her chances with
a new type Army parachute that opens
at a high altitude, collapses until the
jumper is only a few hundred feet
from the ground and then automati
cally reopens.
It will be Miss Frigo’s first experi
ence with the new type 'chute, although
she has jumped many times.
Miss Frigo will be one of four
jumpers at the demonstration spon
sored by the Washington Parachute
Club from 2 p.m. to 6 p.m. The other
jumpers will be Ray Morders, George
Washington University student; Kim
Scribner, University of Maryland, and
Don Wilson, U. S. N„ Annapolis.
The jumpers will perform long de
layed jumps, inside out jumps and
possibly a group jump.
Before attending the meet, Miss
Frigo will fly to Philadelphia in the
morning to attend a meeting of the
Ninety-Niners, women’s flying club.
introduced the bill discarding the
technicalities and permitting the doc
tor to “practice the healing art" in the
The Senate District Committee, to
which the measure was referred, made
a favorable recommendation on May
24 and the ‘bill passed the Senate on
June 7.
While the bill was pending in the
Senate, Representative Quinn of Penn
sylvania Introduced it in the House,
where it was referred to the District
Committee. With only a few days be
fore adjournment, the committee
wasn't scheduled to meet again. But
in the face of the Senate action and
the plight of the refugee, Chairman
Palmisano allowed the committee to
With a favorable report, the bill was
sent to the floor of the House last
Monday. And here another snag con
fronted the friends of the German doc
tor. Representative Collins offered an
amendment inserting the name of Dr.
Luther Pate for a license.
Back went the bill to the 8enate and
Dr. Speyer was ready to admit defeat.
“I had read the newspapers," the
doctor said today, “and I knew the
Senate had so many other things to
do. I gave up hope then.”
But the Senator who had befriended
the doctor made certain to be present
when the bill came up. On his motion
the Senate concurred with the amend*
ment. On Thursday, before the Presi
dent left; he kigned the bill removing
the last hurdle in the way of the Ger
man doctor. i
Though the Senator never saw the
letter of gratitude from Dr. Speyer, he
will hot be forgotten by the German
refugee who found in a strange land
the rights he was denied at home.
Executives of American Congress
and Committee Back Program
Offered at Pittsburgh.
By the Associated Press.
NEW YORK. June 18.—Two large
Jewish organizations yesterday In
dorsed “immediate co-ordination” of
activities in defense of Jewish rights
by the American Jewish Congress, the
American Jewish Committee, B’nai
B'rilh and the Jewish labor Com
The Administrative Committee of
the Congress and the Executive Com
mittee of the American Jewish Com
mittee ratified the proposal, evolved at
a conference in Pittsburgh June 13 of
representatives of the four organiza
tions for a single central body whose
decisions, subject to a two-thirds vote,
would be binding on the constituent
The congress, in a statement over
the signatures of Dr. Stephen Wise,
president, and Louis Lipsky. vice pres
ident, said that if the Pittsburgh pro
posal was accepted by all four organi
zations tiie congress was prepared to
withdraw its referendum on congress
activities from the ballot to be cast
June 25, 26 and 27 to elect 400 dele
gates to a session of the congress.
” " i
Picture Wins Peace Award
Carter Barron, Eastern division representative of Loew’s,
Inc., is shown accepting on behalf of Waiter Wanger, Hollywood
producer, a “special award of service and distinction” from the
National Peace Conference for the warf film, “Blockade," now
showing at Loew’s Capitol Theater.
The award is being bestowed by Dr. Walter Van Kirk,
director of the conference, which is affiliated with 40 organiza
tions devoted to the cause of world justice and peace. Dr. Van
Kirk said Mr. Wanger’s picture “htrls a challenge to the con
science of the peoples of all nations to do something to stop
the wholesale slaughter that is going on in the world today.”
—Star Staff Photo.
ft ft
Death of Senator Removes
One Who Fought for
Fiscal Equity.
The death of Senator Copeland,
Democrat, of New York creates a va
cancy both on the District Committee
and on the Appropriations Subcom
mittee in charge of the annual local
appropriation bill.
One of the best-informed men in
Congress on District affairs, the New
York Senator has taken an active
part in the enactment of virtually all
important local legislation for the last
10 or 12 years.
One of his last acts on behalf of
Washington was to urge allotment of
funds in the last deficiency bill to
keep the National Training School for
Girls and the Children’s Receiving
Home open during the coming fiscal
year, so that welfare experts could
make & more careful study of how the
inmates of those institutions should
be cared for thereafter. Just before
Congress adjourned those funds were
Prevented Closing.
If this action had not been taken
the Training School would have been
closed on July 1 and the Receiving
Home on January 1, under the terms
of the District Appropriation Act,
without adequate provisions for substi
tute accommodations.
Senator Copeland was an advocate
of national representation in Congress
for the residents of Washington. He
also was a vigorous opponent of the
present $5,000,000 annual lump sum
Federal payment toward a total budget
of more than $47,000,000.
Fought Dwindling Sum.
The New York Senator never gave up
his belief in the definite percentage
ratio basis of apportioning the ex
penses of the city, which for many
years was 50-50, and later fixed at 60
per cent from the District and 40 per
cent from the Federal Government.
After Congress had departed from the
fixed ratio law by making the Federal
payment an annual lump sum, he con
tinued to fight against the gradual
reduction of this lump sum from $9,
00,000 to the present figure of $5,
He was instrumental a number of
years ago in having a new healing
arts law enacted for the District, and
has assisted in the enactment of many
other pieces of local legislation.
Hasen Expresses Serrew.
Among Washingtonians who ex
pressed shock at the Senator’s death
and mourned him as a good friend of
the District were Commissioner Melvin
C. Hazen, Francis G. Addison, jr.,
president of the Washington Board of
Trade; Mrs. Louis Ottenberg, president
of the Voteless District of Columbia
League of Women Voters; L. A. Car
ruthere, president of the Federation
of Citizens' Associations; Charles F.
Horner, president of the National
Aeronautic Association, and Dr.
Thomas Neill, president of the District
Medical Society.
"I considered Senator Copeland one
of the best friends we had in the Dis
trict," Commissioner Hazen said today.
"He was always very liberal and advo
cated many bills providing for District
improvements. His death was a great
personal shock to me.“
Mr. Addison stated: "The Washing
ton Board of Trade has always looked
on Senator Copeland as one deeply
interested in the welfare of the Dis
trict and one who was most consid
erate of the problems presented to
him by our committees. We regret
exceedingly his death."
Honor Hi* Memory.
“The District of Columbia has lost
a real friend in the passing of Sena
tor Copeland,” Mrs. Ottenberg said.
“His sympathetic and understanding
attitude toward the problems of the
voteless District served to carry it
through many a legislative crisis.
Working for the District these many
years never obtained one vote tor the
Senator, but the people of Washing
ton will honor his memory' as one
who devoted himself to serving a
people who were not his responsibility.
The Voteless District of Columbia
League of Women Voters Joins with
other citizen groups in mourning the
loss of their devoted friend.
“Senator Copeland was one of the
most genuine friends the District had
on Capitol Hill.” Mr. Carruthers said.
"He showed a thorough familiarity
with the needs of the District and was
always most considerate. The Dis
trict has sustained a very great loss.”
Mr. Horner, who worked with the
Senator to provide better airport fa
cilities for Washington, declared:
"Senator Copeland’s death comes as a
great loss to the field of aeronautics.
His work in behalf of remedial legisla
tion was most timely, particularly dur
ing the last session, and his great in
terest in aviation led many others to
work for aeronautic legislation.”
Dr. Neill added his tribute to Sen
ator Copeland as a personal friend
and as a colleague in the medical
field, stating, "He was well informed
on medical subjects as well as on poli
tics. The entire community suffers
a low by his death.”
Organization Support! Pickets in
Labor Dispute at Hotel
Support of the Washington League
of Women Shoppers for discharged
waitresses now picketing the Harring
ton Hotel was announced today by
Mrs. Charles W. Collier, member of
the board of directors of the league.
Mrs. Collier said representatives of
the league had conferred with the
hotel management and with officials
of the Hotel and Restaurant Employes’
Alliance, to which the waitresses-be
Officials of the union, affiliated with
the American Federation of Labor,
have claimed the discharges were
ordered in an effort to break the
union membership in the hotel. The
hotel management contends the women
were discharged and replaced by men
on grounds of economy, arising out
of the necessity of abiding by a mini
mum wage scale set fog women workers
in local hotels.
In either case, Mrs. JtolBer explained,
the league feels that the discharges
were unjustifiable, (minting particu
larly at the “very *bhd precedent”
which might be set for nullifying
effects of the District Minimum Wage
Law for Women.
Mrs. Mordecal Ezekiel Is president
of the league, which has about MO
active members in Washington.
k -
Gag Failing, Cartoonist Fox
Borrows C. K. Berryman’s
Tnm* of
Fontaine Fox (right), famous cartoonist, shown yesterday as
he exchanged sketches with Clifford K. Berryman, Star staff
_■_—Star Staff Photo.
Fontaine Fox, who has probably
thought up a million gags in the last
30 years to put in the mouths of his
characters in Toonerville Folks, had
to copy a quip from Clifford K. Berry
man, Star cartoonist, yesterday when
the two met in The Star office and
decided to ttade pictures each drew
for the other.
The creator of the Toonerville Folks,
who appear in The Star encountered
Mr. Berryman while on a visit. After
a lot of handshaking, backslapping,
and bantering, each agreed to draw a
picture for the other.
Arm in arm they set out for Mr.
Berryman's office—Mr. Berryman to
draw his famous bear and Mr. Fox
to draw The Skipper, who daily pilot*
the Toonerville Trolley.
After arming Mr. Fox with a big
piece of white cardboard and black
750000 FRENCH
Daladier’s Dismissal of
Parliament Incenses
The French troubled economic
situation for months has been re
flected in general strikes. Govern
ment employes, who are closely
unionized, are among the workers
who have felt the pinch of the de
valuation of the franc. They hoped
to gain an increase in pay during
the "mobilization" special session of
By the Associated Press.
PARIS. June 18.—The Union of
Public Service Workers today In
structed France's 750,000 government
employes to make immediate prepara
tions for a general strike to force the
government to grant blanket wage
The Central Committee of the
Union—which includes railroad, tele
graph. telephone and postal employes
as well as the civil service personnel—
ordered its subordinate units “to take
all measures necessary to give the
preparations the maximum efficiency."
The committee issued its strike
threat last night after Premier
Edouard Daladier had stifled parlia
mentary debate on demands of the
union by adjourning Parliament until
November and had refused to use the
cabinet's dictatorial decree powers to
grant the demands.
A special session of the union com
mittee—the third within two days—
was called this morning to plan the
strategy for the tie-up, which would
be particularly embarrassing to the
government if it were called just before
the arrival of the British King and
Queen for their state visit June 28.
Ask IB Per Cent Boost.
The workers had hoped that Social
ists and Communists in Parliament,
who had been committed to their sup
port, would be able to force action,
but the hasty adjournment after a
session of only 18 days wrecked these
Socialist and Communist members
of the Chamber of Deputies, protest
ing the adjournment, voted against
the government on the technical ques
tion of approval of the minutes of
the meeting, but the motion was
passed by a vote of 257 to 241. It
did not involve a question of confi
The government employes are ask
ing a 10 per cent wage increase to
meet the rising cost of living caused
by devaluation of the franc. Premier
Daladier told them that their demands
would throw the budget out of balance
and upset his whole plan for reviving
France's economic life. He promised
to see what could be done in the 1939
A communique issued by the union
committee declared the government’s
failure to act left “no recourse except
the forms of action which workers in
private industry have used with such
Start at $277.
Government employes, or “fonctkm
aires,” who operate all France's vital
services in the smallest villages as well
as Paris, usually start out at the age
of 21 with an annual salary of 10,000
francs (about $277). This Increases
according to length of service to a
maximum of 150,000 francs (about
An hour after the premier adjourned
Parliament his supporters in the For
eign Affairs Committee of the Chamber
of Deputies rejected a Communist
resolution proposing France open her
Pyrenees Mountains frontier to aid
government Spain.
A government spokesman warned
the committee that French abandon
ment of non-intervention might wreck
the country’s union with Great Britain
and Isolate the nation in relations with
Germany, Italy and Insurgent Spain.
Premier Daladier is ruling by decree
powers which expire July 31, but evta
after they are taken away he will have
virtually a free hand. With Parlia
ment adjourned, there can be no ad
verse vote In the Chamber. Only an
unexpected crisis requiring a special
session could alter this.
crayon, Mr. Berryman went out to a
desk in the art department and left
Mr. Pox at his own desk. Mr. Pox
promptly rolled his right shirt sleeve
up to his elbow and went to work. He
was finished in no time, but was then
seen to sit back and scratch his head.
Pretty soon Mr. Berryman came
back with the bear all finished and a
little quip printed at the top. Mr. Pox
looked at the bear then at the quip
and an unhappy look came over his
face. “My,” he said, “that's fine,” and
began scratching his head again. The
photographer was waiting to take their
pictures and still Mr. Pox sat and
“Aw, phoey,” he finally exclaimed.
"I can’t think of a gag. How about
using yours?” he suddenly asked Mr.
Berryman, adding “I’m going to do it
anyway, whatever you say.” And he
did. Just about word for word.
Berlin Press Protests Hop
of Military Machine
Over Germany.
Br the A stoclated Press.
BERLIN, June 18.—A Czechoslovak
airplane, apparently a military ma
chine, which flew over German ter
ritory provoked a new outburst in the
Berlin morning press today.
The Lokal Anzeiger said it was
understood the German government i
would make a “new, sharp protest” !
and commented, “Excuses are use
A report from Lam. Bavarian vil
lage about 4 miles from the border,
said the plane flew about tor 30
minutes, its passengers apparently
observing and photographing the
roads and buildings of the vicinity.
(The incident came Just as
Czechoslovakia announced the
class of 70,000 reserves, called up
May 21, when it was reported Ger
man troops were moving toward
the border, was being discharged.
(The government at Praha said,
however, that the army would be
kept at its approximate strength
of 500,000 by the calling of all
conscripts due to begin their train
ing this year.)
Commenting on the border incident
at Lam, the Berliner Tageblatt as
serted, "Germany watches over the
inviolability of its borders with the
same energy and carefulness with
which it concerns itself about the
maintenance of peace.”
Sterner Language Is Seen
Now That Congress Has
By the Associated Press.
Some of the sterner aspects «f the
Roosevelt-Hull foreign policy may
come to light with increasing fre- 1
quency now that Congress has packed
up its sounding board and gone home.
Furthermore, there are clear indi
cations that during the Nation’s con
cern with domestic crises the State
Department has been quietly laying a
new corner stone of policy: "Keep ag
gressor nations guessing.” The old
policy was one of calling every shot
before it was made.
Secretary of State Hull has new evi
dence that the American public con
demns the barbarity of the warfare on
both sides of the world; the Senate in
the closing hours of the session ap
proved a resolution condemning the
recent bombings of civilian popula
These things and the Washington
talk lead to anticipation of further
stern warnings to aggressor nations
which, carrying no threat of war and
no Jingoistic phrases, will indicate
that (1) America is not tipping her
hand now, and (2) Americans will not
say under any circumstances that
Americans would not fight—nor under ’
what circumstances they would fight.
Clear Expression Difficult.
Clear expression of foreign policy
has been difficult during this, as
during every session of Congress. At
such times internationalists and pa
cifists use the congressional amplifier
to send confusing echoes rolling across
the country.
And the explosions of domestic is
sues muffle such statements as Secre
tary Hull’s recent appeal at Nashville
to Americans and the world to throw
the weight of their opinion against in
ternational anarchists.
Even the determination of the ad
ministration to put through the big
gest peace-time military budget in his
tory failed to be a clear Indicator of
the part this Government Is playing in
international affairs.
Just as Congress closed there came
an indicator of firmness—Admiral
Yarnells clipped sentences to the
Japanese, turning down the suggestion
that he follow their advice as to the
disposition of American warships in
Two Roads Open.
Secretary Hull, according to his
friends and some of his political ad
versaries, could take either of two
roads. He could take the pacifist
isolationist one and advertise to the
world that whatever happens, short of
bombs dropped on American soil or
fleets steaming into our harbors, we
do not propose to fight. Or he could
take the power-preparedness road and
insist on suppressing In their incep
tion movements which might lead to
the bombs and fleets.
Therein has lain a dilemma, for he
has advisers who tell him what he has
hinted at in speeches: That if it be
comes accepted in the capitals of the
world that, whatever happens, Amer
icans will not fight, things will happen.
They will happen in respect to the
freedom Of ports, the high seas, the
property of Americans abroad, the
lives of Americans on ships, the for
eign trade of America, etc. In the
end they are almost certain of them
selves to inflame an America which,
for all its insistence on peace, can be
goaded to war.
Sharper Language Seen.
Still quoting persons who discuss
this subject in strictly off-the-record
fashion here, suppose he takes the
other tack. In the name of America,
he speaks sharply and defiantly when
these portentous things start to hap
pen. It should give the nations of
the world pause, but it does not if his
words are thrown back in his face
from many of the representatives of
48 States, who make it plain that,
whatever his threats. America is not
going to back them up.
The presence of a loud-speaking
Congress, jealous of its own part in
shaping foreign policy, certain to sub
ject every such utterance to suspicious
scrutiny, discourages the procedure
1 along that line.
District of Columbia—Partly cloudy; local showers tonight and possibly
tomorrow morning; slightly cooler tomorrow; gentle variable winds shifting to
northwest tomorrow.
Maryland—Scattered showers tonight and possibly tomorrow morning;
slightly cooler in the Interior.
Virginia—Partly cloudy tonight and tomorrow; some possibility of local
showers; slightly cooler in northwest portion tomorrow.
West Virginia—Partly cloudy; thundershowers this afternoon or tonight
in east portion, followed by generally fair tomorrow; not much change in
North end Middle Atlantic States—<
Local showers with temperature near
normal first half of week, except fair over
North Atlantic States at beginning. Gen
erally talr latter half with temperatures
probably somewhat above normal.
Ohio Valley and Tennessee—Local show
ers temperature near normal first half of
week, followed by generally fair with some
what higher temperatures during latter
Pressure is high south of the Grand
Banks and east of Bermuda. S. S. Excam -
blon. 10.1ft inches, while pressure con
tinues relatively high over Northern Que
bec. Port Harrison. 10.10 inches, and it
is relatively high over the Upper Lake
region. Port Arthur. Ontario. 10.12 inches
Pressure is high over the North Pacific
States. Roseburg Ores. 10.18 inches. A
slight disturbance Is moving northeastward
over the Gulf of St. Lawrence. Anticosti
Island. Quebec. 2A.KA inches, while pres
sure continues relatively low over South
eastern Ontario. Ottawa. 20.04 inches.
Pressure is low over the Southern Plateau
region. Modena. Utah. 20.no inches, and
an extensive area of low pressure covers
Western Canada and Alaska. Kodiak.
Alaska. 28.88 inches. During the last 24
hours there have been local showers In the
Atlantic States, except Plorlda. in the
Middle and Weat Gulf States, the North
Pacific States and the Northern Rocky
Mountain region, and at a few scattered
points in the Central Valleys and over the
Northern Plains. Temperatures have risen
somewhat over the Dakotas and Manitoba,
while they hava fallen considerably in the
Plateau reaion.
Report for Last 24 Hours.
„ , . Temperature. Barometer.
Yesterday— Degrees. Inches.
4 p.m. - 82 29.08
8 P.m. _ 77 29 96
Midnight _I.: 70 29.97
4 a.m. - 87 29.87
8 a.m. - 73 10.04
Noon - 80 30.04
■•Part for Last <4 Boars.
(Prom noon yesterday to noon today.)
MHighest, 83, 4:16 p.m. yesterday. Ytar
Lowest. 65. 5 g.m. today. Year ago. 67.
Becard Temperatures This Year.
Highest. 95. on June 12.
Lowest. 18 on January 28.
Hamldlty far Last 24 Hoars.
(Prom noon yesterday to noon today.)
Highest. 97 per cent, at 5 a.m. today.
Lowest. 50 per cent at 11:16 a.m. today
River Report.
Potomac and Shenandoah Rivera clear
at Harpers Perry: Potomac clear at Great
Palls today.
Monthly precipitation in lnchea In tha
Capital (current month to data):
Month. 1P38. Average. Record.
January - 2.64 3.55 7.83 .37
February - 2..37 .3.27 6.84 '84
March - 1.78 .3.7ft 8.84 '91
April - 1.67 3.27 9.13 89
May - 3.ft! 3.70 10.69 '89
June - 0.4 1 4.1.3 10.94 00
July - ... 4.7i 10.63 86
August - - 4.01 14.41 '28
September - - 3.24 17.4ft .34
October - - 2.84 8.81 ‘37
November_ _ 2.37 8.69 '89
December_ _ 3.32 7.S8 '01
Weather in Varlam Cities.
Baro. Higta.m£ow. "id?'Weather.
Abilene _. 29.84 94 70 Clear
Albany __ 30.00 82 62 0 01 Cloudy
Atlanta 30.10 88 66 0 38 Cloudy
Atlan. Cy. 30 02 68 64 Cloudy
Baltimore .30.02 78 70 Cloudv
Birm'ham 30.08 88 66 064 Cloudy
Bismarck 29 78 88 64 O.lO Cloudy
Boston _ 29.98 78 58 Char
Buffalo 29.98 68 62 0.02 Cloudy
Charleston 30.14 86 72 _ Cloudy
Chicago 30.08 60 56 Clear
Cincinnati 30.06 80 64 _ Cloudy
Cleveland 30.06 74 60 Clear
Columbia. 30.12 90 68 1.08 Clear
Denver . 29.68 86 62 Clear
Detroit .. 30.06 70 58 0 01 Cloudr
11 , Paso _ 69.72 100 68 Cloudy
Galveston 29.94 82 78 0.02 Cloudv
Helena 29.86 70 50 0.00 Cloudy
Huron _ 29.90 84 64 Cloudy
Ind’apolts 30.08 78 60 0.02 Clear
Jaeksonv'le 30.14 88 70 __ -
Kano. Cy. 29.98 86 00 . .
L. Anteles 29 86 72 60
Louisville - 30.06 82 68 0 32
Miami . 30.12 86 80
Mn.-at P. 30.02 78 56
N. Orl ana 30.02 88 74 0.34
New York 30.00 72 62 0.40
Okla. Cy. 29.90 86 68 .
Omaha __ 29.98 84 66 ...
Phila. 3002 70 64 ...
Phoenix . 29.70 104 70 ...
Pittsburgh 30.06 74 60 .
3*0# ?S ft ft o.*os &S$r
tri&u: ft ft w fe
8. Lake C. 29.8(1 86 48 _ Clear
8. Antonio 29.88 92 72 _ Cloudy
San Diego 29.86 68 60 _ Cloudy
Ban, Fran. 29.92 68 52 .1. Clear
Beattie .. 30.08 62 52 Cloudr
Spokane . 30.00 52 46 0.58 Rain
Tampa 30.10 92 72 Claar
W SH..D.C. 30.02 83 66 0.06 Cloudy
Tide Tables.
(Furbished br United States Coast
and Oeodetie Surrey.)
Today. Tomorrow.
High _11:19a.m. _ _
I Low _ 3:53 a.m. A:3A a m.
High _11:38 p.m. 12:08p.m.
Low - 8:13 p.m. 8:52 p.m.
Tbs Baa sad Moos.
Rises. Sets.
Sun. today .. . 4:41 7:33
Sun. tomorrow_ 4:42 7:38
Moon, today . .. 10:58 p.m. 8:54 a.m.
^AuUujiobde al5r*simee£ ** turu<d 0D
Fordo Station •.
<7 a m.. Oraanwieh time, today.)
Stations. Temperature. Weather.
London. Ensland__ «4 Cloudy
Parts. France._ 5P Clear
Vienna. Auaiife- AS Cloudy
Berlin. Germany_ 54 .Cloudy
Brest. France ___ 5ft Cloudy
Zurich. Swttabrland_ 54 Cloudy
Stockholm. Sweden- 55 Cloudy
Gibraltar. Spain 67 Clear
i Noon. Greenwich time, today >
Horta (FayaliT Asorea «« Rain
(Current observations.)
Colon. Cnaai Bom- 74 Bain

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