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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, June 21, 1938, Image 1

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WEATHER.
<U 8. Weather Bureau Forecast.)
Generally fair tonight and tomorrow;
not much change in temperature; gentle
winds, mostly northerly. Temperatures
today—Highest. 81, at 2 p.m.; lowest,
66. at 5 a.m. '
Full report on page A-2.
Closing N.Y. Markets—Sales—Page 18
The only evening paper
in Washington with the
Associated Press News
and Wirephoto Services.
W) Means Associated Rress.
86th YEAR. No. 34,384.
.WASHINGTON, D. C., TUESDAY, JUNE 21, 1938—THIBTY-EIGHT PAGES.
- t-*—-*
' Entered at eecond elau matter rpTTT>X''Xr' PT?>TrnC!
poet office, Waehlnaton, D. C. -L xlJtvJli-Hi LJliI'i JL O.
D. S. IS AWAITING
REPERCUSSIONS IN
SPy INDICTMENTS
Hull Refuses to Discuss
intrigue Charges Until
He Reaches Desk.
HIGH REICH OFFICIALS
ARE AMONG THOSE CITED
Only Four of 18 Are Under Arrest.
Theft of Plane Plans and
Codes Are Accusations.
BACKGROUND—
The American Government's first
Intensive spy investigation since the
World War, bringing indictments
against IS persons, including high
German officials, covered a period
of four months and five weeks of
■jury hearings. Activities of the spy
ring entered in military bases and
. airplane factories near New York
City, and one high ranking Amer
ican Army officer was marked for
abduction.
By the Associated Press.
NEW YORK, June 21—With 18 per
sons already indicted, the Federal
Government stepped back today to
await possible international repercus
sions before proceeding with its ex
posure of what a special grand jury
described as a far-flung plot to steal
.American defense secrets.
Secretary of State Cordell Hull, re
turning to Washington from the
Dartmouth College commencement ex
ercises, declined to discuss the intrigue
which was charged in a series of in
dictments returned yesterday against
two officers of the German war min
istry and 16 other persons.
He said he would “be able to co
operate with you newspapermen” when
he reached his desk in Washington,
i Secretary Hull announced he would
forego his customary summer vacation
and would remain at his desk in
Washington.
It was recalled that United States
Attorney Lamar Hardy conferred with
Secretary Hull shortly before the in
dictments were returned, indicating
that he desired Washington's author
ity for releasing such sensational
charges.
Only Four in Custody.
Of the 18 indicted, only four were
4n custody. The others were in Ger
many, where they are safe from ex
tradition proceedings.
The German foreign office in Berlin
said it regarded the whole matter as
“»n attempt to create a sensation in
the United States for obvious reasons.”
"It is quite evident that the allega
tions overshoot the mark,” a foreign
office spokesman said. “It is not so
much a case of spies caught as spies
Imagined.”
But United States Attorney Hardy
Indicated the investigation was far
from finished without saying there
• would be more indictments. The
grand jury, now in recess, was ordered
to hold itself ready for additional evi
dence.
Conspiracy Is Charged.
The defendants were charged with
conspiring during the last three years
to obtain United States defense se
crets and deliver them to the German
government or "factions" in Germany.
Two other indictments detailed specific
*cts—theft of plans for an Army pur
suit plane from the Seversky plant at
Farmingdale, Long Island, and theft
of an Army and Navy code book.
Those available for prosecution are
a former woman hairdresser on the
German liner Europa, two former
United States Army soldiers and a
former Seversky plant mechanic.
The others indicted included Capt.
Lt. Erich Pfeiffer, head of the German
secret service; Capt.-Lts. Udo von
Bonin and Hermann Menzel, German
fcir ministry espionage officers; sev
eral suspected agents of theirs; Dr.
Ignatz Griebl, New' York doctor who
fled to Germany during the investi
gation; Werner Gudenberg, airplane
designer who fled similarly, and Mrs.
Jessie Jordan, w'ho was recently im
prisoned in England as a German spy.
The indictment of the presumably
unavailable German officials W'as re
garded generally as an international
criticism, deliberately delivered after
consultation between Lamar Hardy,
' United States district attorney in
charge of the investigation, and Gov
ernment officials in Washington.
Digest of Indictments.
Here is a digest of the indictments’
delineation of the spy rings opera
tion:
The participants were divided into
five groups—
1. The high German officials, w’ho
named the agents, directed their
operations and paid them.
2. The “working” group here—Erich
Glaser. 28, German-born private—in
the Army Air Corps at Mitchel Field,
Long Island, until his arrest; Gunther
Rumrich. 37, Chicago-born, who en
listed in the Army Medical Corps in
1930 and deserted in 1935, and Otto
Voss, 36, German-born, the Seversky
mechanic.
3. An intermediary group in New
York City which passed on the in
formation group 2 obtained; headed
by the fugitive Griebl, assisted at one
time or another by Rumich and Wil
, 11am Lonkowski, ace German secret
agent here during the World War,
who was indicted.
4. A messenger group who worked
as crew members on German liners,
including the Jailed hairdresser,
Johanna Hofmann, 26, and carried
data from group 3 to Germany.
5. An agency at Dundee, Scotland,
operated by Mrs. Jordan, through
which orders, information and pay
wfere sometimes routed to avoid sus
picion.
Aside from the two specific thefts,
the indictments detailed 24 “overt acts”
—meetings between Lonkowski, Voss,
Griebl, Rumrich, Preiffer and others—
always only in pairs—at Hempstead
* and Floral Park, Long Island; Hotels
Astor and Taft in New York, Buffalo,
N. Y., and Berlin and Bremerhaven,
Germany. The first of the meetings,
| at which secret data was sometimes
passed along, was August 1, 1935, and
the last January 35, this year.
G-Man Who Cracked Spy Ring
To Tell His Story in The Star
I Ace Investigator Turrou
Resigns F. B. I. Post
to Write Experiences.
The inside story of the amazing
! operations of German spies in Amer
I ica, 18 of whom were indicted in New
York yesterday, will be told, through
The Star, in a series of articles, be
ginning Thursday, by Leon G. Turrou.
who “broke" the case for the Federal
Bureau of Investigation and then
resigned to write of his findings.
Mr. Turrou, one of the ace in
vestigators for the F. B. I„ worked
i an average of more than 16 hours
every day for three and a half months
on the spy ring investigation. After
the indictments had been secured, he
decided to resign and write a strictly
factual account of the ring's activities
for two purposes:
First, to inform the people of this
country of the methods used by the
1 spies and the scope of the conspiracy
so they may be on guard in the future,
i and, second, to point out what he
regards the inadequacy of America’s
: intelligence services in combatting
j high-powered espionage within its
borders in the hope of creating a
public demand that these departments
be strengthened. %
Mr. Turrou. who has been with the
F. B. I. for 10 years, lives with his
family in Arlington County, Va. Two
of his sons are students at George
Washington University. Forty-two
years old. he is anxious to spend more
i time with his family, and also feels
APPROVE SPANISH
Powers Would Send Groups
in Effort to Remove
Foreign Troops.
BACKGROUND—
Britain has revived move for
agreement on withdrawal of foreign
volunteers fighting in Spain to pave
way for operation of Anglo-Italian
friendship pact. Outlook appears
bright at meeting of Non-Interven
tion Committee in London. French
frontier closing seen as contribution
to success.
By the Associated Press.
LONDON, June 21.—Delegates of
Europe’s major nations today agreed
to send evacuation commissions to
Spain in an effort to remove foreign
troops from the 23-months-old civil
war, and Bri&in strove to make this a
means of obtaining a truce.
Agreement on the evacuation com
missions, feature of a revised British
plan for withdrawing alien soldiers
from Spain, wTas reached in a morning
sitting of the chairman’s subcommit
| tee of the 27-nations’ Non-Interven
: tion Committee.
Even Soviet Russia bowed to the will
of the other powers.
The subcommittee was to meet again
late today. Meanwhile members
worked on texts of notes to be sent the
Spanish government and the insur
gent regime, seeking approval for the
evacuation commission's plan.
The British government exerted
pressure on Prance and Italy to get
a truce in Spain to permit the com
i mission to operate. Necessity of ob
. taining acceptances now becomes the
biggest hurdle to be taken in the pro
; gram of Britain's Prime Minister,
! Neville Chamberlain, for general Eu
i ropean appeasement.
S. B. Kagan, Soviet Russia's member
j of the subcommittee, declared there
j were "good prospects” of reaching an
accord.
Informed sources said the British
government now was satisfied that
Prance had effectively closed her
frontier to the shipment of arms to
government Spain. This was consid
ered another contribution to success
for British efforts.
Stocks Advance.
Success would clear the way for a
j sweeping new series of- maneuvers to
I reach a general European appease
: ment. particularly a settlement with
! Germany.
The prospect of a brighter inter
national outlook led to a minor boom
in the “city," London’s financial quar
ter, with sharp rises in the big com
modity markets, and leading Amer
ican shares made considerable ad
vances yesterday.
The Premier depended on the non
intervention Committee to clinch an
agreement, already sighted, on means
(See BRITISH, Page A-3.)
—-»
CONNAUGHTON WEDS
Former Georgetown Grid Star Is
Married in Chicago.
CHICAGO, June 21 (/P).—Harry N.
Connaughton, 32, assistant United
States attorney in Chicago and for
mer Georgetown University football
star, and Miss Florence Knight,
daughter of Mr. and Mrs. William U.
Knight of Minneapolis, were married
today.
Mr. Connaughton, a former resi
dent of Philadelphia, has been Fed
eral prosecutor in charge of hi-jacking
cases since 1932.
LEON G. TURROU.
—Copyright, A. P. Wirephbto.
his health has been somewhat im
paired by the terrific strain under
which he has been working.
He is one of only three G-men rated
(See TURROU, Page A-4.)
BENSON RETURNS
TO LEAD IN RACE
Governor Given 5,628-Vote
Margin Over Petersen
in Minnesota.
B' the Associated Press.
MINNEAPOLIS, June 21.—Gov.
Elmer A. Benson, Minnesota, pushed
ahead of his challenger. Hjalmar Pe
tersen, for the Parmer-Labor nomina
tion in Monday’s primary election, as
additional returns were compiled to
day. The lead had changed hands
frequently.
Gov. Benson had a 5.628 lead on
the basis of 1,689 of 3.739 precincts in
the State. Mr. Petersen's margin,
built up with rural votes, was slashed
heavy when a batch of ballots came
in from Hennepin County (Minne
apolis). Benson stronghbld. The vote
with about half the precincts re
ported was: Gov. Benson, 112,895; Mr.
Petersen, 107.267.
The two Parmer-Labor candidates
polled 75,000 votes more than the four
Republican aspirants, lending credence
to the belief that thousands of Re
publican voters had jumped the party
fence in a move designed to eliminate
Gov. Benson from the general election
in November.
Overshadows Other Contests.
Despite a 10,000-vote advantage piled
up by Gov. Benson in two-thirds of
the precincts in Minneapolis and. St.
Paul, considered his strongholds. Mr.
Petersen cut deeply into the lead of
his Farmer-Labor Convention indorsed
opponent as rural votes began to pour
in. Mr. Petersen seemed to maintain
the margin in out-State precincts.
The Farmer-Labor race overshadowed
the Republican and Democratic con
tests. Harold Stassen, Republican, and
Thomas Gallagher, Democrat, both
young lawyers, were leading their re
spective fields.
In the Republican column, where
the total vote of the four candidates
was 97.000 in 1,249 precincts, as com
pared with 163,000 for the Farmer
Labor candidates, the vote stood:
Mr. Stassen, 47,362: Martin Nelson,
25,396; Mayor George Leach of Minne
apolis, 23,207; Harson Northrop, 1,439.
The Democratic vote for Governor,
in 1.249 precincts, was: Mr. Gallagher,
9,227; Fred Schliplin, 7,757; Michael
Murray, 6,872: Victor Anderson, 3,465;
Chartes Lethert, 2,118, and Joel Ander
son, 1,272.
Christgau Was Issue.
Although the national administra
tion kept out of the campaign, Presi
dent Roosevelt recently approved the
ouster of Victor Christgau as State
W. P. A. administrator. Gov. Benson
had urged Mr. Christgau's removal,
and Mr. Petersen criticized the dis
charge.
Mr. Petersen broke with Gov. Ben
son shortly after the latter’s induction
into office in 1937. Since then he re
peatedly has attacked the Governor,
promising in his campaign to "drive
the political racketeers from Capitol
Hill.”
On the death of the late Gov. Floyd
B. Olson in 1936, Mr. Petersen, then
Lieutenant Governor, ascended to the
executive post where he served four
(See MINNESOTA, Page A-3.)
Italians Call at Malta.
VALETTA, Malta, June 21 </P).—
This key point of Britain’s Mediter
ranean naval power today thundered
a 164-gun salute to the first Italian
warships to visit Malta in 12 years.
The battleships Giulio Cesare and
Conti di Cavour and four destroyers
arrived for a courtesy visit.
Eastern Shore Bee Catchers
Compete for Title Saturday
T.y the Associated Press.
PARSONBURG, Md., June 21.—
Beekeepers entered final rounds of
training today for Saturday’s big con
test which will see crowned the bee
catching champion of the Eastern
Shore.
The contest is part of an all-day
program sponsored by the Eastern
Shore Chapter of the Maryland State
Beekeepers’ Association at the home
of Laurence Adkins in this Wicomico
County town.
The bee-catching contestants must
stop at the entrance to a bee colony
and catch the flying—and sometimes
*
stinging—honey-makers bare-handed.
The man catching the most uninjured
bees in five minutes will gain the
shore title now held by Harry Vance.
Contestants are allowed to wear
veils to protect their faces.
Other features of the program in
clude demonstrations of latest meth
ods of apiary management and ad
dresses by Harold L. Kelly, Forest
Glen president of the State associa
tion; Clarence J. Kern, Denton, East
ern Shore Association* president; J. P.
Brown. Wicomico County agent, and
R. T. Grant, Worcester County agent.
ECCLES«HOURS
Recommendation to White
House May Omit Approval
of Reserve Head.
VIEWS ON LIBERALIZING
EXAMINATIONS DIFFER
Utahan Favors More Latitude on
Loans—Morgenthau Sees First
Duty to Depositors.
BACKGROUND—
Imminence of new Government
spending program has renewed talk
of inflationary action such as fur
ther devaluation of dollar. An im
portant part of same general finan
cial picture has been question of
liberalizing present banking restric
tions to permit easier lending and
investment policies. Opinion on
this problem has been divided in
governmental committee now study
ing bank examination code.
By the Associated Press.
The disagreement between the
Treasury and the Federal Reserve
Board over bank examination policy
neared a climax today, following de
mand by Secretary Morgenthau for
immediate adoption of his program.
The Treasury Secretary announced
he would send his recommendations to
President Roosevelt for approval with
out the indorsement of Chairman
Marriner S. Eccles of the Federal Re
serve Board if the latter were not re
ceived in 48 hours.
Secretary Morgenthau has held up
the new policy two weeks in an ef
fort to get Chairman Eccles’ approval.
The controller of the currency, the
Federal Deposit Insurance Corp. and
the National Association of State Bank
Examiners already have indorsed it.
Mr. Eccles has opposed the policy
on the ground it does not go far
enough in liberalizing bank examina
tions. He has reiterated in recent
weeks that "restrictive” rules were
retarding the flow of credit into busi
ness and thereby delaying recovery.
Differences Summed Up.
Secretary Morgenthau's new pro
gram provides some liberalization of
banking rules, but places more em
phasis on standardization.
The chief differences in view’ as ex
pressed by the two officials in recent
discussions can be summed up briefly:
Secretary Morgenthau holds that
the first duty of banks is to their
depositors, and bank examinations
should be strict enough to insure full
compliance with that obligation.
Mr. Eccles contends that deposit
insurance, by removing the threat of
bank runs, should permit more
latitude in making loans, and that
liberalized credit policies would stim
ulate recovery.
Among the “liberalizing" provisions
of the Morgenthau program are those
to permit banks to purchase some lo
cal bond issues which they do not
purchase now and to permit banks to
disregard temporary market deprecia
tion of their highest grade securities.
Eccles Has No Comment.
Mr. Eccles had no comment on
Secretary Morgenthau's announce
ment made late yesterday. A mem
ber of his staff said it was not known
what the Reserve Board would do in
response to the demand for a decision.
The two financial chiefs have dif
fered before, just as they differ in
appearance and background.
Mr. Eccles is short and slight, a
native of Utah, where he became head
(See BANKS, Page A-l.)
-•
SPANISH SILVER ON WAY
New Shipment Beaches France for
Transfer to United States.
PERPIGNAN, France, June 21 UP).
—A new shipment of Spanish govern
ment silver valued at $2,160,000 ar
rived from Barcelona today for trans
fer to the United States.
Cases weighing 180 tons arrived at
Cerbere by railroad, were pushed
through the Franc h customs and
placed on a train for Le Havre to be
stowed on shipboard.
/ TNATBUSV \
R0QS1ER KEEPS)
HUB SEMES
MELLON TAX SUIT
U. S. Ends $3,000,000 Fight
Over 1931 Income Levy.
$182,000 Interest.
BACKGROUNfl—
The Government's income tax
case against Andrew W. Mellon,
former Secretary of the Treasury
under three Republican Presidents
and later Ambassador to England,
has been pending for several years.
Mr. Mellon, who charged that he
was being "persecuted for political
reasons," died last year, a few
months before the Board of Tax
Appeals vindicated him on fraud
charges.
By tht Associated Press.
The Government settled today for
$668,029 a $3,000,000 tax controversy
involving the estate of the late An
drew W. Mellon, former Secretary of
the Treasury.
The settlements included $485,809
principal and $182,220 interest figured
from 1931, the year in which Mr.
Mellon allegedly underpaid his income
taxes.
A ruling by the Board of Tax Ap
peals had awarded the Government
$403,053. plus interest, and had ex
onerated the Pittsburgh financier of
income tax fraud charges. Both
parties agreed today not to appeal
that decision.
The controversy principally con
cerned the method of taxing certain
sums received by Mr. Mellon in the
sale or liquidation of companies in
which he was interested. It involved
to a lesser extent his gift of paintings
to his private educational and chari
table trust.
The paintings were among those
which Mr. Mellon later donated to the
Federal Government.
The tax litigation followed an un
successful attempt by the Govern
ment to indict the financier for crimi
nal fraud on his income tax return. A
Pittsburgh grand Jury in 1934 declined
to indict.
A formal statemen of the Treasury
said:
‘‘The facts elicited and the prece
dents set in the Mellon case have been
of great importance to the Internal
Revenue Bureau in the determination
of other cases. As a result, deficiencies
have been asserted and collections
made in amounts much larger than
those involved in this case."
No figures were available on how
much money was involved in similar
cases. The capital gains tax. how
ever. has been changed since 1931 and
the decision does not necessarily affect
taxes for later years.
Summary of Today's Star
Page. Page.
Amusements B-18 Radio -A-16
Comics __B-16-17 Short Story..B-12
Editorials . A-10 Sports A-14-15-16
Finance _A-17 Society -B-3
Lost* Found B-11 Woman’s
Obituary _A-12 Page -B-10
FOREIGN.
Nazi press says drive on. Jews is
defensive. Page A-4
NATIONAL.
Morgenthau-Eccles tilt over banking
policy nears climax. Page A-l
Early start on railroad financial study
by Congress proposed. Page A-l
Benson returns to lead in Minnesota
primary. Page A-l
! U. S. awaits repercussions in spy in
dictment case. Page A-l
Government settles Mellon tax con
troversy for $664,029. Page A-l
Hull at work on program designed to
humanize warfare. Page A-3
WASHINGTON AND NEARBT. ,
Driver, unhurt when B. St O. express
crashes into auto. Page A-l
Inquest in Lyons Creek mystery death
continued. Page A-l
D. C.’s desire for vote to be kept before
public. - Page A-2
Police arrest three suspects after
hold-up here. Page A-2
Landis. Convicted, Faces 20 Tears to
life in prison. Page A-3
Potomac River boat crash results hi
near-disaster. Page A-S
Plans being shaped for study to over
haul D. O. taxes. Page B-l
President signs D. C. zoning and nar
cotics measures. Page B-l
£
Maj. Donovan to call for preparation of
District’* 1940 budget. Page B-l
EDITORIAL AND COMMENT.
Editorials. Page A-10
This and That. Page A-10
Answers to Questions. Page A-10
Stars, Men and Atoms. Page A-10
David Lawrence. PageA-11
O. Oould Lincoln. PageA-11
Constantine Brown. Page A-ll
The Capital Parade. PageA-11
Delia Pynchon. Page A-ll
FINANCIAL.
Rail bonds climb (table). Page A-17
U. S. deficit smaller. Page A-17
Stocks move higher (table). PageA-18
Business loans off slightly. Page A-19
Scrap copper boosted. Page A-19
Oil output gains. Page A-19
SPORTS.
Louis, as 2-to-l shot, rated false favor
ite over Schmeling. Page A-14
Punches launched by grudges promised
to pep up big fight. Page A-14
Lou Fette, Boston’s 1937 slab hero,
is jinxed this year. Page A-15
Nats hope to profit against lowly Chi
sox and Browns. Page A-15
Huskies threaten again to mop up in
Poughkeepsie regatta. Page A-16
Ailing arm dims Helen Jacobs' tennis
hopes at Wimbledon. Page A-16
MISCELLANY.
City News in Brief. Page A-4
Vital Statistics. Page A-6
Nature’s Children. Page B-12
Cross-word Puzzle. PageB-16
Bedtime Story. Page B-l 6
Letter-Out. Page B-16
Winning Contract. Page B-17
k
Physician Urges
Storing of Eyes
For Operations
Plan Similar to That
Lsed for Blood Is
Proposed.
By the Associated Press.
PHILADELPHIA. June 21 —A pro
posal for an “eye-bank"—to store
donated eyes for sight-restoring oper
ations similar to the method used in
preserving blood for transfusions—
was discussed in Philadelphia medi
cal circles today.
Dr. Louis Lehrfeld, chairman of the
eye division of the County Medical
Society, offered the suggestion after
corneas were transplanted recently to
the eyes of two Philadelphia women.
The corneas were taken from persons
soon after they died.
Dr. Lehrfeld said it might be pos
sible to preserve eye tissue at least
24 hours.
D. C. YOUTH FOUND
SHOT TO DEATH
Automatic Pistol by His Side on
Lawn of McMillan Filter
Plant.
An automatic pistol by his side.
William S. Johns. 27, of 71 S street
N.W., was found shot to death shortly
after noon today on the lawm of the
McMillan Filtration Plant, North
Capitol and Douglas streets N.E.
His father, William M. Johns, 55,
was quoted by police as saying his son,
a hunchback, had been forced to give
up his job as a shoe salesman last
fall when a doctor advised him he was
aggravating his condition.
Detective Sergt. John Wise said a
note found in the youth's pocketbook
explained he was worried about his
health and gave directions for disposal
of his personal belongings.
The body, with a bullet in the head,
was discovered by three boys who went
to the reservoir to play ball. Near Mr.
Johns’ autstretched hand was a .32
caliber automatic, containing one
empty shell and two not fired.
The father told police the gun be
longed to another son, Gaines Johns.
WARMER WEATHER
USHERS IN SUMMER
Seasons Change Officially at
9:04 P.M. Today—Temperature
Beaches 76 Mark.
Fickle spring, with a toss of her
head, perhaps, will haughtily turn the
elements over to that more depend
able master of the mercury—summer
—at exactly 9:04 p.m. today. What
happens after that, the man in the
street will know best.
The forecaster sees nothing un
usual in sight. Today probably will be
overcast but warm; tonight will be
generally fair, and the same goes for
tomorrow, with not much change in
temperature.
At 9:30 a.m. the temperature
reached 76, about 6 degrees above the
reading for the same hour yesterday.
Yesterday's high was 72 at 12:45 p.m.
This morning's low was 66 at 5
o'clock.
SLEEPER MAY PUT
WRECK TOLL AT 43
23 of 31 Known Dead Now
Identified—Car Jacked Up,
Slips Back in Mud.
B> the Associated Press.
MILES CITY. Mont.. June 21.—
With 31 already known dead, fatigue
worn searchers worked today to lift
up again from the sllt-oozing bed of
Custer Creek a tourist sleeper which
railroad officials estimated contained
12 more victims of the Nation's worst
railroad tragedy in a decade.
Twenty-three of the 31 known vic
tims were identified. The bodies of two
unidentified women were taken last
night from the sleeper which plunged
with the Milwaukee -Railroad’s crack
Olympian train through a flood
weakened trestle early Sunday. Twelve
other bodies were found earlier yes
terday and a woman died In a hospital.
The sleeper, submerged nearly 36
hours by the cloudburst “flash flood”
that filled Custer Creek with a torrent
20 feet deep, was jacked up on blocks
after hours of slow toil last night.
Suddenly, the heavy steel car slipped
loose and sank again into the sticky
silt left in the stream’s bed when the
| flood subsided yesterday.
Frobe it Started.
Grimly the 75 railroad workers and
volunteers started their slow job again,
working without halt through the
night. Meanwhile railroad and Gov
ernment officials launched an investi
gation of the wreck.
All save one of the victims met
death instantly, officials said. Lucille
Stumley, Volga. S. Dak., nurse, died
last night at Holy Rosary Hospital
here. One other person, a train por
ter, was still in a serious condition in
the hospital.
Of the 65 injured who were rushed
to the 85-bed hospital here, nearly
all were released after minor treat
ment.
The crash, which occurred shortly
after midnight, caught most of the ill
fated passengers of the railroad's pride
asleep in sleeper cars.
Stories of heroism were told and
retold as passengers and relatives
gathered in groups today. Unknown
men and unidentified porters and
trainmen moved from car to car aid
ing passengers imprisoned in the
overturned cars.
Accounts of most passengers who
escaped sarious injury brought the
expression, “It happened so fast I
didn't realize what happened until
water began pouring in on me."
As the runaway creek quieted yes
terday, workers were able to penetrate
the submerged sleeper B, extracting
seven bodies.
Last night the creek was almost
free of water and workers had Jacked
up the car on blocks when it slipped
loose and fell back on the muddy
bottom.
J. R. Regan, divisional freight and
passenger agent of the road, said he
believed more bodies would be recov
ered from the car as soon as workmen
could dig through the mud and debris
which flowed through the sleeper while
it was submerged.
Officials said they expected to find
other bodies along the bed of the now
shallow creek and possibly along the
banks of the Yellowstone.
Driver, U nhurt,'Left Holding
Wheel as Train Wrecks Car
(Picture on Page A-2.)
A southbound express train crashed
broadside into an automobile near
Blair road and Rittenhouse street
N.E. today, demolishing the rear of
the machine and leaving the colored
driver clutching the steering wheel,
uninjured.
The driver, Cammel Braxton, 50,
of 104 Rittenhouse street N.E., an em
ploye of a real estate firm, had left
his home, just across the tracks, and
was on his way to work when the
crash occurred.
The train, a Baltimore & Ohio
express traveling at high speed to
ward Union Station, crashed into the
rear of the sedan a few inches tftck
of the driver’s seat and carried the
debris into a nearby telegraph pole.
Braxton was left clinging to the
wheel and pushing down on the
accelerator.
“I didn’t have no time to get ex
cited,” he related. “All 1 wanted was
to shoot across them tracks.
“I didn’t see no train earning till
1
it was too late. And boy, she wasn’t
standing still!”
It was Braxton’s own private drive
way he was crossing. The narrow
cinder street runs from his home,
which he has occupied for a month,
into Rittenhousts street, Just over the
double tracks.
The train, operated by Kngineer J.
U. McManee of Baltimore, ground to
a stop several hundred yards down the
track and was held up for 45 minutes
while members of the crew helped
Braxton dear the wreckage from the
right-of-way.
Officers M. P. Collins and C. S.
Price of the sixth precinct were cruis
ing near the New Hampshire Avenue
Viaduct when they saw the train
stop and went down the tracks to
investigate.
They found a crowd gathered around
Braxton, who was telling one and all:
“I ain’t hurt a single bit.”
After he had time to think about
the accident, the driver commented:
"Boy, I'm sure lucky that baby
didn't hit me. Z don’t care ’bout
my ear.”
IN CREEK SLAYING
Story of Fight With Woman
Resembling Victim Is
Sifted for Clue.
EFFORTS TO IDENTIFY
BRUNETTE ARE FUTILE
Two Describe Seeing Person
of Same General Appearance
Crying on Highway.
By GARNETT D. HORNER.
Staff Correspondent of The Star.
PRINCE FREDERICK, Md„ June
21.—An inquest into the mysterious
death of an attractive young expectant
mother whose body was found float
ing in Lyons Creek near here yester
day was postponed indefinitely for lack
of evidence today aa police sought to
trace a fat, thin-haired Washington
man in connection with the case.
Baffled in attempts to identify the
woman they believed was murdered or
to determine definitely the cause of
her death. Investigators checked
closely for possible clues the story of a
brunette answering her description be
ing beaten at North Beach last Friday
evening by a man so corpulent that
he had to hitch up his trousers each
time he swung his fist.
A woman of the same general ap
pearance was reported seen standing
in the roadway near Lyons Creek about
two hours later, crying and attempting
to hail a ride toward Prince Frederick
while a man stood nearby beside a
parked automobile bearing District
license tags.
Approximately 100 persons from
North Beach and vicinity have viewed
the body in futile attempts to estab
lish the Roman’s identity.
May Ask Clerks’ Aid.
Meanwhile, authorities considered
enlisting the co-operation of the Julius
Garflnckel & Co. department store of
Washington in an effort to identify
the dead woman, whose garments bore
the establishment’s label—the only ap
parent clue to her identity found on
her body or clothing. It was sug
gested the store clerics who might have
sold the garment may be asked to view
the body, held at Hutchins & Son
funeral parlor at nearby Owings, Md.
State’s Attorney Arthur W. Dowell
of Clavert County told an inquest Jury
convened before Justice of the Peace
William W. Duke in the county court
house at 11 a.m. today that he be
lieved the inquest should be continued
indefinitely ‘‘in view of the fact that
our investigation has not developed
as speedily as we had hoped.”
"At this time, we have so little evi
dence to offer that you could arrive
at no definite conclusions after hear
ing it," Mr. Dowell added. “You will
be called back at some indefinite date
when we think we will be able to pre
sent evidence on which you can bring
in a verdict that would mean some
thing.”
Bequest Is Granted.
Magistrate Duke then granted Mr.
Dowell’s request for an indefinite con
tinuance. pointing out that it was un
certain when the jury would be called
again.
Mr. Dowell said there were no def
inite leads toward identification of the
woman or toward solution of the
mystery of her slaying, but that he
and other officials were investigating
the stories of the woman being beaten
at North Beach and the woman being
seen on the highway near Lyons
Creek "as circumstances to be con
sidered.”
He planned to question George Pree
land and Frank Smith, who live near
Prince Frederick and reported that
about 10 p.m. last Friday while driv
ing in a truck over a hill near Lyons
Creek, they saw a woman in a blue,
red-flowered dress with big red but
tons standing in the highway crying
and waving a handkerchief. They
dimly glimpsed a man standing be
side a District automobile nearby.
They did not stop to investigate.
No Water in Lungs.
In a report prepared for the inquest,
Dr. Page C. Jett said a post-mortem
examination showed there was no
water in the woman’s lungs, indicating
she had been killed before being thrown
into the creek less than 24 hours be
fore she was found about 7 a.m. yes
terday. His gross examination failed
to disclose the cause of death, Dr. Jett
said, leaving suffocation or poisoning
as possible causes. Contents of her
stomach were being analyzed for traces
of poison. There was no evidence she
had been drinking, he said.
Although somewhat skeptical of
being able to connect the North Beach
altercation with the apparent slaying,
officers pushed investigation of this
angle when a witness partially identi
fied the dead woman as the brunet
involved in that scuffle.
Edgar S. Browning. 23, of 2211
(See MURDER, Page A-4.)
U. S. OIL PROPERTY
IS BOMBED IN CHINA
Damage at Hong Kong by Planes
Is Deported as Slight, With
No Casualties.
l*j» th» Associated Press.
HONG KONG. June 31.—Eighteen
Japanese air raiders, it was reported
today, bombed property of the Amer
ican-owned Texas Oil Co. in an at
tack on Wuchow, in Kwangsi Province.
One bomb, it was said, fell in the
Texas company's grounds, another on
property of the British-owned Asiatic
Petroleum Co., and three others barely
missed Standard Oil Co. grounds, near
a Chinese air field.
Damage was said to have been
slight. No casualties were reported.
A Japanese seaplane also bombed
Swatow, Kwangtung Province' port,
apparently aiming at a locomotive
shed. Six persons were wqunded.
Air bombardments both in Wuchow
and Tung kin, in Par Southern Kwango
si Province, fell mostly in suburban
districts.

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