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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, June 23, 1938, Image 13

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Business Still
Finds It Hard
to Smile
Elliott Roosevelt Is
Quoted on Reason
for Distrust.
AGAIN the New Deal administra
tion Is seeking to persuade
business men that they have
nothing to fear, that the red
_ tr>k figures they are encountering may
'be bad. but might be worse and that
maybe all will be well some day.
Before the 1934
eongre sslonal
elections and
then again before
the 1936 presi
dential election
araYnow just be
fore the 1938 con
gressional elec
. ttons the admin
istration is pro
claiming by
soothing phrases
snd by nea get
together confer
ences that there
Is nothing to fear.
During the last.
T>avid Lawrence. j
fete-days another series of the many
efforts to brine about an under
standing between business and Gov
ernment has been begun. The trouble
• is that these conversations are con
ducted by subordinate officials and do
not commit President Roosevelt to
any particular line of action.
The procedure has become some
what stereotyped. A group of ad
ministration "conservatives" acting as
peacemakers or mediators bring down
to Washington some of the more lib
eri^mlnded business men. Introduced
Into the circle are some of the "left
wingers" here. The business men
of the liberal group feel pleased over
these evidences of a conciliatory
(spirit and promise to go back to New
York, Chicago and the other business
and financial renters to do some
persuading of their fellow business
Ilmen. But unfortunately the latter
Ire not enchanted by the Washington
[miles and have had their fingers
burned before so they adopt an atti
Tud<t*of skepticism. Thp unfortunate
truth Is they don't trust the Roose-j
relt administration.
Elliott Talks on Confidence.
’ Are these the thoughts only of the
opposition to the New Deal? Not at
a:.’. Even President Roosevelt’s own
•on. Elliott Roosevelt, has been mak
ing a series of radio speeches pointing
out why business lacks confidence in
Government. Though Elliott Rooee
speeches have not been made
In answer to his fellow Texan, Repre
sentative Sam Rayburn, Democratic
leader of the House of Representa
tives. they might well have been. For
the other day Mr. Rayburn asked on
the radio:
I/hat put the fear into the people
money to spend, to make em
inent and to carry on industry? |
President and the Congress have
? a diligent and sustained effort 1
ncourage private spending. No .
emendation of the President or j
Thient of Congress in the last
nonths have had anything in
l, it appears to me, that should j
frightened capital."
\ Rayburn evidently never heard
Lie P. W. A. program to finance
tmment competition with a *12,
iOO.OOO public utility industry and
pparently never realized the ef
of the "pump-priming" program
the unbalanced budgets on the
Is of the investors. But let Elliott
evelt, do the explaining. Surely he
lot be accused of hate for the
inistration nor is he an economic
list nor is he "kept" by Wall
et as thp New Dealers are fond
saving about anybody who has
temerity to disagree with them.
• Elliott Roosevelt about the re
indictment of oil company execu
?he companies were indicted for
olation of the anti-trust laws over
ar ago. The violations which they
' accused of was getting together
ft? companies doing business in a
n area and setting a price on a
el of oil or gasoline under which
small independent refinery could
e a profit and remain in com pe
rt with the larger concerns. This
tod of getting together had been
:ed in days of the national emerg
when the N. R. A. was first
Wanted Standards Maintained.
IVhen the N. R. A. was declared
institutional, the President of the
TO States addressed the people in
idio broadcast urging all business
intarily to hold to the plans laid
n by N. R. A. to insure that
little man might remain in
ness and to insure that the wage
idards as set forth under the
R. A. should not be cut back to
old wage standards.
\cting on that plea, the oil in
try continued to operate as it
done in the past under the N. R.
-ode, which had been written for
^Sometime later the officials of
* companies were indicted on
linal charges of having violated
anti-trust laws of the United
es. Those in charge of the prose
on failed to see any advantage
keeping the little man alive, so
iy many refineries throughout the
ted States are closed.
Some of these refineries entered
field before the advent of these
e major oil companies but because
bis Government ruling, today they
t pass from the picturp. a victim
a Government department which
art. of an administration which has
i dedicated to solving the problems
he little business men throughout
‘ Surely there is something some
ire that can be found which will
these men and these businesses
ch after all have formed the back
e of the business enterprises of our
ion, from being forced to the wall
•use of a law which took no cog
jnce of the special problems exist
throughoait the oil industry. The
pie of the United States hope and
y for ways and means to be found
aid business enterprise and not
iafeet it. After all, big men and
e men alike throughout the
ntry are only too willing to put
r shoulders to the wheel to bring
Jt a reconstruction of our na
lal prosperity. * * * ”
hus Elliott Roosevelt has put his
er on the reason why his own plea
more co-operation between Gov
nent and business does not sue
^■Remember to call us up about the
^Iroof. We 'll eladly look Ihinas over.
■ tell you what is needed what the
■ cost will be. This service is free.
i ITake arivantaae of It. Send for
L.Jus NOW.
rnnlK Rooflm »33 V St. N.W.
■swwnsf Company North 44S3
The Capital Parade
Kentucky Primary Expected to Go to Highest Bidder.
Barkley Brings Home #306,000,000.
ALBHN W. BARKLEY of Kentucky, majority leader of the United
State Senate, is an amiable, pompua person, with a taste for barber*
shop song and an engaging habit of telephoning jimmy when in
doubt. Yet, although his capacities are limited and his record is
uninteresting, he has a talent for bringing home the bacon.
In the recent session of Congress, the Senate obtained two prime pieces
of pork for Kentucky—a $112000,000 T. V. A. dam at Gilbertsville and
$132,700,000 worth or flood control
projects. Under his beneficent in
fluence. the emergency agencies—
W. P. A.. P. W. A.. C. C. C. and the
United States Housing Authority—
plan to spend around $60,000,000 in
Kentucky in the next 12 months.
New Kentucky, post offices will
come to $1,500,000. Kentucky
farm benefit checks are unpre
dictable. but sure to be handsome.
And Kentucky’s share in the ordi
nary expenses of government cannot be calculated.
The wildernesses of Federal finance are hard to penetrate, but
with the important exceptions already noted, a fair estimate of the
value of Federal bacon brought home by the Senator is *306.000,000.
As that comes to *107 for every min, woman and child in Kentucky,
it must be admitted that the Senator has done well.
• « • *
These dry and somewhat forbidding figures are worth recording at the
moment, because the Senator Is now engaged in a primary contest with
Gov. A. B. “Happy" Chandler. As thp Senator Is the hand-picked repre
sentative of the White House, the whole prestige of the New Deal depends
on his victory.
The choice confronting the Kentucky voters is not an appetizing one.
On the one hand is the Senator—not a man to get excited about, at the
best of times. And on the other Is the Governor, a hard-boiled, glad
handmg politician, in the brash and loquacious tradition of Southern
demagogy. The voters of Kentucky
are not to be blamed if they chase
the candidate who bids the high
The Governor has got his State
machine. He has the spending of
certain Federal moneys, such as
tne road appropriations and social
security benefits. And he is re
ported to enjoy heavy backing from
big business, both Republican and
Democratic, both in Kentucky and
ceed. One day the administration
promises co-operation and urges it
and the next day the business men
are threatened with jail sentences for
doing something which another de
partment of the Government says is
a technical violation of the law.
Small wonder that business men
have little faith in the revived efforts
for "business and Government co
operation.” The situation really calls
out. No wonder, then, that the New Deal has been lavish with the Senator.
The Gilbertsvllle Dam, for example, was killed in the House,
and then authorized at the last moment in the Senate, after the
proper people had passed the proper word. And as for the flood
control projects, more than a third of those authorized for the entire
country in the last Congress are Kentucky projects. The real issue
in the Kentucky primary will, of course, be the New Deal, but Ken
tucky voters are to be forgiven if they think of the New Deal as the
new bacon.
* * * *
Under the circumstances, it's worth recalling an old story of Speaker
Nicholas Longworth's. In his Ohio district, there were many Negro
voters, and not all their leaders were above the temptations of the dollar.
He used to tell of one Negro precinct captain to whom he gave *100 to
carry his precinct. When the votes were counted, he found, to his sur
prise, that the precinct had gone Democratic. He called in the captain
and asked for an explanation.
"Why Mr. Longworth, sir,’’ said the captain, "you see the Democrats
gave me *50 too.”
"But I gave you *100,” said Longworth. "Why didn't you carry the
precinct for me?”
“Well, sir,” said the precinct captain. "I'm a good churchgoer and
a religious man. And after I d toe* your money. I got to thinking you
and the Democrats had corrupted me and led me Into sin. The Democrats
corrupted me least, so I gave them the votes.”
It's improbable that the Kentucky voter* will applv the moral
logic of the Longworth precinct captain. Reports come from Ken
tucky that the betting is about five to four on Barkley. But if
Chandler should win, the Kentuckians will at least have disproved
the memorable dictum of Speaker Longworth's old cronv, John Nance
Garner. "You can't beat a billion dollars” will no longer be a de
pendable rule.
‘Copyright by the North American Newspaper Alliance. Inc.)
for some absolution here in the Gov
ernment itself, for some acts of pood
will that business can trust. Un
happily the President's threat to re
open the tax laws and to restore the
laws that have strangled business is
only a few days old so it is a bit
early to ask business men to eome
down here to "harmony" conferences
(Copyright. IMS.)
Political Mill
Proposed "Purge” of Democratic Party Is Meeting
With More and More Resistance in Ranks.
THE proposed "purge" of the
Democratic party shows signs
of bogging down. It looked as
though death had removed
one of the foes of President Roosevelt's
court bill from the Senate—the late
Senator Royal S. Copeland—and the
place would be
flllid by an ar
dent New Dealer
—perhaps Rep
resentative “Jim"
Mead. But Gov.
Lehman of New
York comes along
and claims the
place in the
Senate. Gov.
Lehman stuck a
knife in the
President’s court
bill and turned it
round last sum
mer. His letter
to Senator Wag
G. Gould Lincoln. |
ner denouncing the President s plan!
to increase the membership of the Su- !
preme Court gave the final Impetus to
the killing of that bill.
The White House resented very
much the publication of Gov. Leh
man's letter to Senator Wagner—in
which the Governor said among other
things that months earlier he had
communicated to the President his
belief that the court-packing plan was
unsound. The President kept that
entirely to himself, however. And
now, unless the unexpected happens,
the White House is to have Gov.
Lehman on its hands in Washington.
Exdept for his stand on the court bill,
the Governor has played right along
with the President and his program.
The President will have to make lip '
his mind whether to bury the hatchet
and get along with Lehman if he
becomes Senator or to look askance at
this prospective New York Senator—
as he did where Senator Copeland
was concerned.
May Have Bitten Off Too Murh.
There is a growing feeling that the
President and his intimate New Deal
advisers have bitten off considerably
more than they ran chew- when it
comes to the “purge.” In the first
place, these intimate advisers of the
President have no definite grip on
politics in their own or other State*.
They were never in the “organization”
or elected to office. That goes for
Robert H. Jackson, the Solicitor Gen
eral, for W. P. A. Administrator Harry
L. Hopkins, as well as for Thomas G.
Corcoran and the President's son,
James Roosevelt. The national or
ganization has been carefully culti
vated and weeded by National Chair
man "Jim" Farley. The Democratic
State organizations also have been
erected by the professionals. These
professionals have little sympathy for
: the amateurs around the President—
no matter how good these amateurs
believe themselves to be.
The President himself i* still the
great big shot in New Deal and Demo
cratic politics. However, If he is will
ing to put himself In opposition to
Democratic State organizations in or
der to bring about the "purge,” he
may find the ground falling away
from under hia feet—particularly
when it comes to 1940, when a new
presidential candidate is to be se
If the President should undertake
to block the nomination of Gov. Leh
man for 8enator the New York po
litical situation would become far
more of a mess overnight. The Gov
ernor has a big Jewish following.
These voters are not at all satisfied
with the way business has gone to pot
in recent months.
“Pennies From Heaven.”
The President, however, is still
counting on what may be done to
improve conditions by the spending
of the $3,500,000,0(10 given him In the
relief-recovery appropriation bill
which he has Just signed. He is
counting also on the billion and a half
dollars which the R. P. C. has been
authorised to lend for spending.
Not only may they improve business
conditions, but they may improve
political conditions from the presi-,
dential point of view. Indeed, the
President regards this golden show'er
as ‘ pennies from Heaven.”
Absolving the President from any
idea of the use of this relief money for
political purposes, there Is plenty of
reason to believe that lesser politicians
have had a very distinct idea of what
may be done with these billions of
dollars both in primary and general
elections this year. Hundreds of
thousands of new workers will be
placed on the W. P. A. rolls. It is
a reasonable supposition that these
reliefers will vote with the hand that
feeds them, and that they will not be
at a loss to know which hand that is.
However, a cloud has arisen on the
horizon. The Senate Anally Insisted
upon clothing a committee with spe
ciAc power to go into the uses of
relief money or any other Govern
ment funds to coerce or inAuence the
voters in senatorial primaries and ;
elections. It was a move resisted bv
administration leaders as long as they
could. They Anally had to compro
mise. And now the Senate commit
tee which is to make the investiga
tion of charges of the use of W. P. A.
money for political purposes is ap
parently very much on the job. Sen
ator Sheppard of Texas is chairman,
an ardent supporter of the President.
Serving with him, however, Jre three
Democrats who have opposed the
President and who would look askance
upon efforts to “purge" the party.
They are Senators Pat Harrison of
Mississippi. Walsh of Massachusetts
and O'Mahoney of Wyoming. The
Republicans are represented on the
committee by Senator Wallace White
of Maine.
May Find It Tough Sledding.
This senatorial campaign Investi
gating committee is not likely to
stand idly by while the W. P. A. or
ganization is used to defeat, for ex
ample, Senators Tydings of Mary
land, George of Georgia. Adams of
Colorado. McCarren of Nevada,
Lonergan of Connecticut, or Smith
of South Carolina. It Is in the
Democratic senatorial primaries that
the New Dealers have advocated
a "purge." If reports from Georgia,
South Carolina and Maryland be true,
the candidates supported by the New
Deal Inner circle in Washington
against the sitting Democratic Sena
This Changing World
Franco Stands to Gain Most by Tentative Agreement
of Powers to Quit Spain.
PREMIER CHAMBERLAIN Is prepared to liquidate the Spanish situa
tion; the new tentative agreement reached in London shows how
anxious everybody is to get Spain out of the way.
But this liquidation appears—when one reads between the
lines of the agreement—to be all -in Franco’s favor. Mussolini is prepared
to put into enect tne agreement
with Great Britain provided Franco
II Duce had hoped when that
agreement was signed in Rome a
few months ago. that his Spanish
protegee would be through with the
Loyalists before the end of June.
He was mistaken. The Valencia
government received more war ma
terial than was anticipated in the
course of the last few months and
ww able to oner stiller resistance.
The material arrived from Russia via France and the sea.
American observers were surprised to see Martin bombers in the
Loyalist air squadrons. It seems that these bombers were manu
factured in the U. S. 6. R. on the pattern of those few ships which
were purchased at a high price by the Soviet government In this
country. There may be some day a lawsuit on the part of the Ameri
can firm against patent infringement.
Because much war material is coming by sea. the Italian and the Ger
man bombers are displaying the. ruthlessness which has been noticed dur
ing the last few weeks. Rome and Berlin want to put an end to this in
order to secure Franco's complete victory and allow the British-Itallan
agreement of friendship to come into force with Franco as the unchal
lenged head of the Spanish government.
* * * *
In the event of an armed conflict between Czechoslovakia and Ger
many, it is feared in responsible quarters that the Sudenten Germans will |
pay dearly for their desire to be attached to the Reich. One diplomat in
Washington expressed this thought by saying: "The Sudeten country might
eventually be attached to Germany but there will be mighty few Sudenten
Germans left in that country.”
Winston Churchill expressed the same thought to Konrad Henelin
when the latter had a pow-wow with him in London a few weeks ago.
In case of a war, Bohemia will be the principal scene of battle. And
it is likely that the towns and villages would be destroyed and the civilian
population be annihilated.
This is supposed to worry the Relchsfuehrer more than the possibility
of defeat at the hand of the Caech Army.
Count Gale&zza, Ciano, Italy’* young foreign secretary, is slated to*
go u II Duoe’s Ambassador to Berlin sometime in the fail.
Before joining his new post, Count Ciano will go first to
London in the course of the summer to discuss the details of the
enforcement of the British-Italian agreement and how France could
be induced to Join in it. This is done in the hope that if France
can be drawn into the British-Italian understanding the way will
be paved for Germany to enter into this agreement, too.
For the time being the Germans are watching developments. They
show no anxiety to enter this political merry-go-round. They tell the
British Ambassador that it is premature to start negotiations when there
still are so many outstanding problems between Germany and Britain
and Germany and France. But when these two democratic governments
are ready to talk Berlin will be ready, too.
In the meantime, former
Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden
warns the British public not to
trust too much the apparently “im
proved” International situation.
Such optimism, he says, is un
founded because neither the politi
cal nor the trade and economic
outlook Justify it. And Eden phil
osophically odds: Whatever else
the last war did, it did not make
the world safe for democracy be
cause there is today less liberty in Europe than there has been at any
time for centuries.”
tors will have a really tough time.
President Roosevelt is going on the
air tomorrow n^Tnt with a fireside
chat to the American people. He
may tell the people what he intends
to do to improve conditions with the
big spending and lending program
he has inaugurated. He may tell them
that conditions in the country are
looking up. It seems entirely un
likely, however, that he will talk I
about the cleavage in the Democratic j
party or urge that some of the Demo
cratic candidates be defeated In the
primaries. And yet he has been urged
by some of his followers to go right
out and light Democrat* who hare
opposed him and hie program or any
part of the program. If he should
follow this advice the row in Demo
cratic ranks will grow to proportions
so far undreamed.
The 1940 campaign for presidential
nominees in the Democratic party
is under way right now, though un
der the surface. The morp the New
Dealers seek a purge the more brisk
this fight is likely to become. If the
President Is at peace with the great
bulk of his party two years hence he
may be expected to name hi* successor
without great difficulty. But If there
Is a really aubetantial group of Demo
era tie leaden at war with him the
picture will be very different.
An American
You Should
William L. Austin’s Job
Is Counting Population
of Entire U. S.
CENSUS taking In the United
States Is a constitutional af
fair, Wrapped up in enu
meration of population from
the earliest days of the republic down
to the present is the question of repre
sentation in Congress, and the elec
toral votes for President and Vice
President. Every
10 years, under
the Constitution,
heads must be
counted. It will
be the Job of
William L. Aus
tin, director of
the Bureau at
the Census, now
a permanent part
of the Depart
ment of Com
merce. to enu
merate people
again in 1940.
After that Con
gress must, strug
gle with a reapportionment bill.
In the early days, census taking
was an important, but more or less
minor job. Things have changed,
however, since the days when a
stock joke was the census man try
ing to learn the age of a ' lady fat
and fair.” It is a huge task just
to enumerate 130.000.000 men. wom
en and children. In addition. Con
gress has placed other tasks on the
It gathers statistics on business,
manufactures, agriculture, crime, re
ligion. life and death, and a num
ber of other subjects.
Very important have become the
census records since the enactment
of the social security law. Millions
have no way of proving their age
except for the^e census records. More
than 2.250.000 will pass the pension
ag° of 65 during the next, three years
During the last fiscal year 60.000 ap
plications for age certification anc'
other personal information were re
ceived at the bureau.
Mr. Austin is a census director par
excellence. He pulls figures out of
his head as easily as a prestigitator
pulls rabbits out of a hat. He was
born on a cotton plantation in Mis
sissippi. His family owned the land
"as far as you could see.” He gained
a Ph. B. at the University of Mis
sissippi, and later a law degree.
The late Senator John Sharp Wil
liams persuaded him to come to
Washington, where in 1900 he obtained
a $900 clerkship in the Census Bu
reau. He polished up census figures
so successfully that he advanced
through all the grades, principally in
Republican administrations, although
he is a Mississippi Democrat, until
he was made director. That is the
only political appointment in the
bureau. Mr. Austin says.
As he talks of the census—his life's
work—he constantly makes "doodles"
on a scratch pad. His ttt-tat-to ef
fects. however, are not a patch on
the designs former President Hoover
used to accomplish when he was Sec
retary of Commerce. Mr. Austin says.
The census director has two hob
bles—buying books, mainly history
and biography, and flower*, which he
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