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(U. S. Weather Bureau Forecast.) Showers and thunderstorms beginning late tonight or tomorrow; cooler tomorrow afternoon or night. Temperatures today— Highest, 83. at 10 a.m.; lowest, 89, at 5 a.m.; 82 at 10:30 a.m. Closing N.Y. Markets—Sales—Page 16 The only evening paper in Washington with the Associated Press News and Wirephoto Services. <A*) Meant Associated Press. 86th YEAR. No. 34,388. WASHINGTON, D. C., SATURDAY, JUNE 25, 1938—THIRTY-FOUR PAGES. ♦ j3r^.^gs&as^s. three cents. OWN PARTY FOES FIGHT TO FINISH ‘Deliberate’ Effort to Split All Existing Political Lines Is Seen. NEW DEALERS HAIL ‘FIRESIDE’ ADDRESS Roosevelt Extends His Aid to ‘Liberal’ Candidates in Primaries. Text of President Roosevelt's Address on Page A-6. By G. GOULD LINCOLN.' President Roosevelt stood committed today to fight for ‘‘liberal" candi dates in the Democratic primaries. Immediate reaction to his “fireside chat” was a rumble of anger from Democrats who have opposed some of his New Deal measures. Their view was that if the President wishes a fight, he will get one—plus grief that * there should be a wedge driven deep into the party. Senator King. Democrat, of Utah said significantly that the philosophy in a democracy is that a man may vote as he pleases. “The President has geat power,” the Utah Senator said. “If he sees fit to use ft, there is nothing to prevent him. [ But it is better for the President ‘ of the United States to keep out o'f . party primaries." One Democratic Senator who has aided with the President many more times than he has opposed him, said that it seemed clear the President was trying to divide the country into two groups—one called liberal and the other conservative; to bring about a politi cal realignment. He said this effort would rock the Democratic party I I from stem to stern. « “No More Than Expected. "It is no more than was expected.” said the Senator. “If it had to come, it is all right to start the fight now. The President will be resisted by in dividual Democrats in many parts of the country. The President's speech last night did not help the situation politically, nor did he say anything that would help business. I had hoped he would.” However, the more ardent New Dealers, some of whom have urged . Mr. Roosevelt to fight his opponents in Congress and prevent their re nomination and re-election, were Jubilant because of the militant stand taken by the President. Senator Hatch, Democrat, of New Mexico commented that the President “made some very fine statements, especially in stressing co-operation between capital and labor and gov ernment for the benefit of all.” A Government official, who sat last ; night with a group of industrialists ] here to discuss the coming monopoly ! Investigation, said most of the group . thought the speech "augurs well for Government-business co-operation.” j Industrialists Meet. The group, which gathered at the home of Richard C. Patterson, As sistant Secretary of Commerce, con sisted of Edward R. Stettinius, chair man of United States Steel; M. B. Folsom, treasurer of Eastman Kodak; Clarence Francis, president of General Foods; A. D. Whiteside of Dun & « Bradstreet. S. Clay Williams, chair man of the board of R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Co.; Fred B. Adams, chair man of the Executive Committee of Air Reduction Corp., and Gen. Robert E. Wood, president of Sears-Roebuck. Government officials present in cluded Thomas G. Corcoran of the Reconstruction Finance Corp.. an ad viser to President Roosevelt; Assistant Attorney General Thurman G. Arnold, a member of the Monopoly Investi gating Committee; Jerome Frank, Se curities and Exchange commissioner, and Herman Oliphant, counsel for the • Treasury Department. There was plenty of Are in the Presi dent's "fireside” chat, broadcast over Nation-wide radio chains. Not only did the President urge the nomination of liberals instead of con servatives in the coming contests for Senate and House nominations, but he characterised as “Copperheads” those who have opposed his program in the Congress which has recently adjourned. Without mentioning Jersey City or Its C. I. O. and “red-baiting" Mayor, Frank Hague, by name, the President . read the riot act to Mr. Hague. The Utter is a vice chairman of the Demo (See ROOSEVELT, Page A-4.) ~ CIRCUS IS READY TO GIVE UP TOUR % Union Offers Five-Point Plan for Loading Show for Trip to Sarasota. By the Associated Press. SCRANTON. Pa., June 25.—The Ringllng Bros., Bamurn ti Bailey Circus, with less than a third of its summer tour completed, appeared to day to be definitely heading back to winter quarters at Sarasota, Fla. A -final decision hinged on whether John Rippling North, youthful presi dent of the circus, would accept a five point union proposal for loading and transporting the equipment and 1,600 ' striking employes to Sarasota. Mr. North said after a conference with his counsel, Leonard O. Bisco, who came here from New York last night, that parts of the proposal were acceptable. He added a definite an swer probably would be made later today. The show, its big top gaunt and empty, has been stalled here three showless days while Mr. North and * representatives of the American Fed eration of Actors, an A. F. of L. unit, debated a 25 per cent wage reduction Mr. North said was necessary. Some of the star performers agreed to accept the cut, but the “rousta I bouts," canvass men and other labor ers refused. Lt. Mmsie’s Wife Slapped By Tsingtao Ja^: inese Sentry LT. AND MRS. T. H. MASSIE. By the Associated Presj. SHANGHAI, June 25.—The second diplomatic action within four days over the reported slapping of a United States citizen by a Japanese sentry was registered with representatives of the Tokio government today. United States Consul Louis H. Gourley, at Tsingtao, Shantung Prov ince, reported to the State Depart ment that a sentry struck the wife of Lt. Thomas H. Massie. the naval officer who figured in the famous Honolulu “Massie" case of 1932. Mrs. Massie was returning to Tsing tao after having visited her husband SEARCHERS FEAR Governor, Leading Search, Says ‘We'll Find Boy or His Body.’ By the Associated Press. ALBUQUERQUE. N. Mex.. June 25. —The bluff Sandia Mountains today hid the fate of John Medill McCor mick. feared the victim of a fall from one of their precipitous peaks. Searchers, who resumed their tragic task at dawn, expected only the worst —that they would find the mangled body of the Chicago publishing heir, much as last night they came upon that of his mountain-climbing com panion. 20-year-old Richard Whitmer of Albuquerque. Personally commanding the three day search, Gov. Clyde Tingley ex pressed the thoughts of the army of men he led into the Sandias today. “That boy—his body—is in there somewhere, and we’ll find him." Mother Waits at Camp. The boy’s mother, Mrs. Ruth Hanna McCormick Simms, waited anxiously last night in Jua» Tabo C. C. C. Camp, at the base of the mountains, hoping to learn her 20-year-old son still lived. She heard only that young Whit mer's body, skull crushed, almost de nuded, had been found at the base of the Shield, sheer rock face of North Sandia Peak. Of John Medill McCormick there was no word. The plan of today's search, Gov. Tingley said, is to surround the base of the peak, then work up and down, in the hope of finding young McCor mick or his body on a ledge near where the body of his companion came to rest. ‘‘It will be hard going,” said the Governor. “The peak is as straight up and down as a concrete wall.” The mountain climber’s urge for new conquests led to the tragic venture, friends revealed today. The youths had climbed steep South Sandia Peak, and the asren more rigor-, ous slopes of the "Needle," nearby. Wednesday morning they sit out to try the face of North Sandia. When they failed to return a search was launched for them. Young Whltmer’s clothes were torn (See MCCORMICK.-Page A-3.) ---• HOT DAY FORECAST, WITH 94 MAXIMUM Humidity Also Is Above Normal and Showers Are Predicted for Tonight. The temperature was expected to rise today to within a degree of this year’s heat record, the Weather Bu reau said this morning. A maximum of 94 degrees was fore cast, although a temperature of only 82 was registered at 10 a.m. The record so far is 95, set June 12. The humidity also was above nor mal this morning, due to the south erly course of the winds. Showers or thundershowers were predicted for late tonight or tomor row, with the mercury going down tomorrow afternoon or night. -a—-• Neglect Speaker's Stand. WILMINGTON, Del., June 25 (/P).— Workmen who erected steel reviewing stands at the Municipal Building for the Swedish Tercentenary celebration, opening Monday, were called back for some “unfinished business." They for got to provide a speakers' stand. aboard the U. S. gunboat Tulsa, ac cording to reports reaching here, and landed at a Japanese-controlled pier. She was escorted by two sailors. Challenged by the sentry, she failed to reply, it was said, as she did not understand the Japanese language. The sentry then slapped her on the face, it was reported. The only ex planation of the action reaching here was that the sentry had mistaken her for a Russian. Mrs. Massie is the former Florence Sterns of Chewelah. Wash. She was (See MASSIE. Page A-4.1 KILLS I. HUKTS1 Train Collides Head-On With C. C. C. Special in Second Accident. Py the Associated Press. CHICAGO, June 25.—General of fices of the Milwaukee Railroad an nounced that one C. C. C. boy was killed, another was missing and that seven passengers on the road's “Olym pian” train were injured early today near Ingomar, Mont., in a head-on collision between a C. C. C. special and the Olympian. Road officials here were unable to give details of the wreck—the Olym pian's second in a week, an esti mated 47 having perished in a bridge washout Sunday. They said those aboard the Olym pian today were injured only slight ly and were given first-aid treatment by a doctor on the train. Names of the victims and missing C. C. C. boy were . not available. The locomotive and mallear on the Olympian and the locomotive and two kitchen cars on the C. C. C. spe cial were damaged and derailed, they said. All coaches and sleepers on the Olympian remained standing on the rails, undamaged. They added that the wreck appar ently was caused when Engineer Tor genson, regularly assigned to the Olympian, overlooked an order and passed through Ingomar. Hyde Takes Erin Post. DUBLIN, June 25 t/P).—Dr. Douglas Hyde, 78-year-old former college pro fessor, unanimously elected first Presi dent of Ireland, took over his $75,000 a-year post today. Twenty-one guns boomed in salute as Dr. Hyde took the oath at a cere .mony in Great Hall of Dublin Castle and received from Chief Justice Timothy Sullivan the great seal of office. Retaliatory Bombardments May Include Balearics and Italy Itself. GERMANY MENTIONED AS POSSIBLE TARGET British and French Make Appeal to Barcelona to Avoid 'Bash' Acts. BACKGROUND— Strength of Spanish insurgent air forces, which have repeatedly bombed Loyalist cities behind front lines, has been in contingents of Italian and German aviation. Dep redations of these airmen have aroused world protest. British and French shipping in Spanish waters has been target for repeated at tacks from Italian air bases in Balearics. By the Associated Press. PARIS. June 25.—Par-flung aerial bombardment of "Italian-dominated” towns in the Balearic Islands have been threatened by the 8panish gov ernment unless Generalissimo Franco quits bombing civilian centers behind Spain's battlelines. Despite urgent British and French | admonitions against "rash” acts, the ! Spanish Embassy in Paris insisted to -day that retaliation would be taken into consideration unless the insur 1 gent chieftain abstains from that : type of warfare. I The Embassy said that since Gen. Franco's raiders operate largely from the Spanish Balearic Islands, the re prisal raids certainly would be di rected against "Italian-dominated towns there.” Embassy Refuses to Elaborate. The Embassy Itself did not elab orate on or confirm a previous impli cation that the government might ; carry aerial warfare to German or Italian cities or other non-Spanish objectives. Sources close to the French office, however, said the Barcelona govern ment had threatened to bomb cities of "those foreign countries” which share responsibility for insurgent bombardment of Spanish civilian ! centers. Barcelona authorities insist that both Italian and German planes and flyers participated in repeated raids on Spanish coastal cities and towns. Appeal in "Energetic” Terms. Informed quarters said the french appeal to Barcelona was made in "energetic” terms and included a warning that such raids were sure to bring "a mass reply which would add | materially to the difficulties of the ! Spanish Republic and«have dangerous repercussions in the whole interna i tional situation.” Barcelona's envoy to Paris was re ported to have pointed out the sweep ing consequences of possible abandon ment of the government's non-retalia tion policy w ith severe reprisals against I insurgent centers and "more distant | objectives.” Unofficially, there was speculation here as to whether "more distant ob jectives” mean merely Italian-domi nated towns in the Balearics or could be taken to apply to Italian and Ger man cities or warships which the gov ernment command might suspect of co-operating with Insurgent bombing planes. Barcelona Pledges Inquiry Aid. Barcelona, for the present, promised co-operation with a neutral commis sion to Investigate aerial attacks m Spain. The Embassy said its home (See SPAIN."Page A-3.) HUGHES, PANAY HERO, REACHES CALIFORNIA Commander Is Greeted by Wife and Mother—On Way to San Diego Hospital. Py the Associated Press. SAN FRANCISCO, June 25.—Still weak from wounds he received last December when the gunboat Panay was sunk in the Yangtse River by Japanese bombs, Lt. Comdr. J. J. Hughes arrived here en route to the San Diego Naval Hospital. He declared he was "ready and eager to go back to Outy-in China." Comdr. Hughes, arriving yesterday, was greeted by hlq wife, Kay Hughes of Washington. D. C„ and his mother, Mrs. Eugene Hughes of New York. Summary of Today's Star Page. Page. Amusements B-16 Obituary_A-6 Church Radio _B-8 News A-10-11-12 Real Estate B-l-7 Comics .B-14-15 Short Story.-B-S Editorials_A-8 Society _A-7 Garden Page A-13 Sports ...A-14-15 Lost te Pound B-8 FOREIGN. Spain threatens bomb reprisals against Italians. Page A-l Lieut. Massie's wife slapped by Tsing tao Japanese sentry. Page A-l New breaks in Yellow River dikes re ported planned. Page A-4 NATIONAL. “Big steel" likely to be called first in monopoly hearings. Page A-l Roosevelt calls lor liberal candidate victories. Page A-l Olympian crash kills O. C. C. youth and injures seven. Page A-l G. O. P. chieftain likens spy articles to sale of Roosevelt papers. Page A-2 WASHINGTON AND NEARBY. Virginia fisherman held in fatal beat ing of wife. Page A-l Fire destroys furniture factory in Suitland, Md. Page A-IS Japanese beetles threaten widespread damage to foliage; Page A-18 Mystery death probe centers on eheck of wonunl activities. PageA-18 SPORTS. Tigers now threatening to become flag race factors. PageA-14 Case on heels of Travis, who may win league batting crown. PageA-14 Harvard stroke ties series mark as Yale crew bows. Page A-14 Huskie crew coach's pessimism fails to impress observers. PageA-14 Reds’ splurge recalls turbulent old Mc Graw feud. Page A-15 Quaint net folk spice championship Wimbledon tourney. Page A-15 Big Ten trackmen clash today in ‘ Olympic preview.” Page A-15 EDITORIAL AND COMMENT. Editorials. Page A-8 This and That. Page A-8 Stars, Men and Atoms. Page A-8 Answers to Questions. Page A-8 The Capital Parade. Page A-9 David Lawrence. Page A-9 G. Gould Lincoln. Page A-9 Constantine Brown. Page A-9 Lemuel F. Parton. Page A-9 MISCELLANY. Vital Statistics. < Page A-1Z Service orders. Page A-1Z Nature’s Children. Page B-8 City News in Brief. Page B-8 Bedtime Story. Page B-14 Letter-Qut. Page B-14 Cross-Word Pusale. Page B-14' Contract Bridge. PageB-li / A WHEN WILL HE DO IT? Davies to Tell the President About 2-Hour Talk With Stalin - « l\o Explanation Given as Yet on Secrecy of Envoy's Return. Joseph E Davies, who has just left his post in Moscow as Ambassador to the Soviet and who will shortly take up new’ duties as Ambassador to Bel gium. has returned to Washington with some first-hand observations con cerning political and economic condi tions in Europe which will give Presi dent Roosevelt and the State Depart ment something to think about. Mr. Davies was scheduled to have a long talk with the President at lunch eon today, during which he was ex pected to give him an account of con ditions in the troubled sections of Europe. His report deals with not only aSairs in Russia but also virtu ally all the Balkan states. Just before leaving Russia Mr. Davies had a two-hour talk with Stalin, the Russian dictator, which was the first a r: lienee the let*»r is understood to have given to any for eign representative in the past year. Much has been written in critical vein about the little time actually IN WIFE’S DEATH Colonial Beach Fisherman Quizzed After Woman’s Fatal Beating. By » Stall Correspondent of The Star. COLONIAL BEACH, Va„ June 25.— The fisherman-husband of a 38-year old woman was to be questioned today in connection with her death, pre sumably from a beating, last night. The man, Filmore Bowler, 42, was arrested shortly after his wife was found, her face bruised and neck apparently broken, on a road leading into town. The woman's body was discovered about 10:30 o'clock by William Cooper, 24. Dr. Veola Carruthers said after a preliminary examination an outopsy would be necessary to determine the cause of death. He said, however, the neck appeared broken and that the woman was cut and bruised about the mouth. The husband. State Officer F. V. Butler said, was taken into custody when he was found intoxicated and asleep on the front lawn of his home. Although the husband was unable to make a coherent statement, Officer Butler said he told him he and his wife had quarreled and that ''I beat her and left her.” The officer said Bowler’s face was scratched. The Bowlers have four children, a grown boy, a younger son and two girls. Commonwealth's Attorney Vertie Chandler was expected here today to decide whether an inquest will be held. PITTSBURGH PAPERS RESUME TOMORROW Agreement Is Reached With 10 Unions After 9-Day Office Worker Strike. B.* the Auocimted Pres*. PITTSBURGH, June 25.—The steel town's two afternoon newspaper plants hummed with activity today as every one from publishers to office boys turned to the task of getting papers on the streets again after a nine-day strike suspension. An agreement was reached last night with representatives of 10 newspaper craft unions by publishers of Scripps Howard Press and Hearst’s Sun-Tele graph and the publishers announced Sunday's regular editions would be published. The unions had demanded pay for the non-publication period after the strike was called by the A. F. L. Office Workers’ Union. An announncement by the publishers said the question of payment will be "settled by arbi tration—the procedure to follow a form which has been used by us for many years in the publishing Industry and which provides for both local arbitration and possible appeal to an international board.” P ■ JOSEPH i. DAV4ES. —I------— spent by Mr. Davies at his poet in Russia, and about Ms frequent ab sences aboard his wife’s yacht, the Sea Cloud, and the famous entertain ments on the yacht in various Euro Defeats Mrs. Miller After Trailing—Helen Jacobs Also Advances. BULLETIN. WIMBLEDON. June 25 OP).—. Don Budge, world champion, today continued his parade through the Wimbledon tennis field, going into the quarter-final round with a 6—3. 6—*, 6—1 victory over Ronald Shayes of England. Br the Associated Press. WIMBLEDON, England, June 25.— Helen Wills Moody, seeking her eighth all-England tennis title, advanced into the quarter-final round of the women’s singles today when she defeated Mrs. Bobby Heine Miller of South Africa. 8—6. 6—4, after trailing, 1—5, in the first set. Meanwhile Helen Jacobs. 1936 cham pion and a round behind Mrs. Moody, continued to show Improvement as she eliminated Freda James of England. 6- -4, 6—2. Using a new flat racket forehand which Bill Tilden taught her, Miss Jacobs came from behind to win the first set. She had two aet points in the 10th game before she won with a perfect half volley. After breaking Miss James’ service in the first game of the second set the Berkeley (Calif.) girl went on to win easily. Don MacPhaii Victor. Don MacPhaii of England earned his quarter-final bracket by default when Roderlch Menzel of Czecho slovakia walked off the courts with the score one set all. Menzel won the opening 8—6 and MacPhaii the sec ond. 9—7. Menzel, seeded No. 3, conceded the match to MacPhaii because an ankle, which he injured yesterday in a five set match with C. M. Jones, began troubling him again. Mrs. Miller broke Mrs. Moody's service in the second and fourth games for a 3-1 lead, lobbing con stantly to take the fourth after It had been deuced seven times. Mrs. Miller came to the net twice In the sixth and volleyed past Helen again to break her service and take a 5-1 lead. Helen broke through Mrs. Miller’s service In the seventh, then won the eighth aa*l ninth games. The Ameri can ace squared the match in the tenth. Mrs. Moody finally won In the fourteenth, when Mrs. Miller netted the final point. Breaks Fee’s Service. The crowd, tense in the first set at the thought of Mrs. Moody going down to defeat, relaxed in the second when Helen, now in full cry, twice passed Mrs. Miller at the net in the third to break her service and assume a 3—1 lead. The fourth game went to deuce be fore Mrs. Miller went to the net and twice beat Helen to square accounts, but Helen ran away with the next three games. U. S. STEEL DENIES ANYWAGEPLEDGE Republic and Inland Fall in Line With Price Cuts to Meet ‘Big Steel’s.’ NEW YORK, June 25 UP).—'United States Steel Corp. in a brief statement today said none of its officials "has given any assurances that wage reduc tions will not follow steel price reduc tions announced yesterday.” Late yesterday leading subsidiaries of the Nation’s biggest steel maker an nounced price cuts in its products ranging from 7 to 21 per cent, and reducing them to the lowest in slightly more than 10 years. Republic Steel and Inland Steel fell in line by announcing at their offices todgy in Cleveland and Chicago, re spectively, that they would meet thi price decreases of the United States Corp. Decreases by the Carnegie Ulinois Steel, largest United States producer, of (3 to (4 in Pittsburgh and as high as $« in Chicago eliminated differen tials between the two areas. The Ten nessee Coal. Iron & Railroad Co . Bir mingham subsidiary of United States Steel, also announced cuts of about *3 more than for Pittsburgh, thus estab lishing price parity for the South. Commenting on the price cut in his "fireside” chat in Washington last j night. President Roosevelt said, ”1 was , gratified to know that this reduction involved no wage cuts. Every encour agement should be given to industry which accepts a large volume-high wage policy.” Wage Cuts Had Been Rumored. In advance of the steel company's announcement it had been rumored in steel trade circles that at least a tem porary wage reduction was being dis cussed in connection with plans to reduce prices, taken as a measure of stimulating business. Hie presence in New York for the last few days of John L. Lewis, head of the C. I. O., and Philip Murray head of C. I. O.’s Steel Workers’ Or ganizing Committee, had encouraged the rumors that wage reductions were under discussion Last night, when reached at his New York hotel, Mr. Lewis said "no comment whatsoever” in response to a question as to whether he was here to confer with steel exec utives on wages. Earlier in the week Mr. Murray had said that wages were not under dis cussion. The steel corporation declined to elaborate today on its terse announce ment that no assurances had been given regarding wage reductions. No Notice Served. Edward R. Stettinius, chairman of the corporation, was said at his office to have left for Washington late yes terday. United States Steel made a contract with the C. I. O. early in 1937, break ing its long tradition against dealing 1 with outside labor unions. When the contract was renewed this year there was inserted a provision permitting the calling of a confer ence on 10 days’ notice by either side for negotiating changes in the wage scale. If proposed changes are not agreed upoh within 20 days after giv (See STEEL, Page A-3.) Motion Picture Leaders Confer At White House Will Hays and eight leaders of the motion picture industry called on President Roosevelt today at the White House for an Indicated discussion of business conditions as reflected in box office trends. According to Stephen Early, secre tary to Mr. Roosevelt, Mr. Hays, so called csar of moviedom, arranged the conference some time ago. Mr. Early said the meeting was in line with the President’s references in his radio ad dress last night to co-operation of business with the Federal Govern ment. Mr. Hays, it was said, regards the movie industry as an excellent barom eter of business conditions and of the general economic situation. The delegation, in addition to Mr. Hays, included: Barney Balaban, president of Paramount pictures; N. 3. Blumberg, of Universal; Harry Cohn, Columbia; 8idney R. Kent, Twentieth Century Fox; Oeorge J. Schaefer, United Artist; Nicholas M. Schenck, Loews; Leo Spits, RKO-Radio, and Albert Warner, Warner Brae. MONOPOLY PROBE I IS LIKELY 10 MIL1 ‘BIG steel; first Disclosure Follows Slash in Prices by Two of U. S. Steel Subsidiaries. HEARINGS ARE HELD DUE TO BEGIN IN SEPTEMBER Stettinius Denies Collusion in Cuts—Stimulated Demand Is Hoped, Firm Says. By the Associated Press. The administration's monopoly in vestigators disclosed today, on the heels of a price slash by United States Steel Corp and two leading independ ents that “big steel’’ probably would be the first company haled to public hear ings. They said they expected to start public hearings in September. In the meantime, data will be gathered and preparations made for the most extensive inquiry of this generation into trusts, price-fixing and allied sub jects. It was learned that Edward R. Stet | linius, youthful chairman of the Steel Corp., had talked informally about steel prices to several of the New Deal’s most confirmed "trust-busters’’ within the last week. Mr. Stettinius was reported to have conceded that prices of steel com panies were iairly uniform, but to have denied collusion. He explained that when United States Steel sets a price, its competitiors frequently follow the example, and that when another company sets lower prices, the others do likewise for competitive reasons. Prices Back at 1928 Level. United States Steel announced yes j terday a cut that returned steel prices j 10 about the 1928 level. It was made, j a company statement said, with the j hope it would stimulate demand for i steel products. ! The price reductions mere made by ! Carnegie-Ulinois Steel Corp., largest ! unit of United States 8teel, and the Tennessee Coal, Iron St Railroad Co., a Southern unit with headquarters at Birmingham. A suggestion that the monopoly In quiry be aimed primarily at determin ing means of breaking up artificial price structures came from Senator Borah, Republican, of Idaho, one of the 12 congressional and administra tive members of the investigating board. Senator Borah said be considered price fixing, either by a single mo nopolistic concern or a group of large ; concerns within one industry, the i "kernel of the nut’’ of the monopoly question. New Approach Sought. The Idahoan, who has campaigned for new anti-trust legislation for many years, said he thought a new approach to the problem must be taken. One suggested "new approach," it was learned in another quarter, is a system of separate laws for different types of industry. This has the back ing of Assistant Attorney General Thurman Arnold, another board mem ber. Senator O'Mahoney, Democrat, of Wyoming, probable chairman of the group, and Senator Borah have pro posed a system of Federal licensing of corporations as a means of enforcing anti-trust policies. President Roosevelt described the inquiry in last night’s "fireside chat" as an effort to "find a path through the jungle of contradictory theories." He said that, while preserving the profit incentive, industry must “con tinually seek improved practices." Monopoly Probe Fear Seen. The steel price cut drew from Sen ator Bulkley. Democrat, of Ohio the comment that "Big Steel may be try ing to get a little ahead of the mo nopoly investigation.” Senator George. Democrat, of Georgia hoped steel wages would not be affected. The steel corporation said the cut had no connection with wages, although in recent months steel men have said there could be no reduction in prices without lower wages. The monopoly investigating board will organize formally early next week. Its personnel was completed yesterday. Other members, in addition to Sen ators O'Mahoney and Borah and As sistant Attorney General Arnold, are Richard C. Patterson, jr., Assistant Secretary of Commerce; Isador Lubin, commissioner of labor statistics; Jerome Frank, securities commissioner, alternating with William O. Douglas, commission chairman; Herman Oli phant, general counsel of the Treas ury, with Admiral C. J. Peoples of the Treasury Procurement Division as his alternate: Chairman Garland S. Fer guson of the Federal Trade Commis sion, Senator King, Democrat, of Utah, and Representatives Sumners, Demo crat, of Texas; Eicher, Democrat, of Iowa and Reece, Republican, of Ten nessee. TAFT AGREES TO HEAD HUMAN NEEDS DRIVE Mrs. Roosevelt and Four Others Named Vice Presidents. Conference Opens. Br the Associated Press. SEATTLE, June 25.—Charles P. Taft, Cincinnati, Ohio, eon of the late president, has accepted the chair manship of the 1938 Community Mobilization for Human Needs. Allen T. Burns. New York City, executive vice president of Community Chests and Councils, Inc., made the announcement at opening sessions of the national conference of Chest lead ers here yesterday. Mr. Burns named the following ▼ice presidents: Mrs. Franklin D. Roosevelt; Dr. A. H. Olannini, Las Angeles; Louis Kir stein, Boston; Mrs. Harper Sibley, Rochester, N. Y., and Gerard Swope, New York City.