STAND ON JAPAN
Order Envoy to Point Out
Unfortunate Effect of
By thf Associated Press.
PARIS. July 2.—France further
stiffened her attitude toward Japan
. today ordering the French Ambassa
dor in Toklo to inform the Japanese
foreign office of the possible "unfor
tunate” effect of anti-French attacks
In Japanese newspapers.
Ambassador Charles Arsene Henry
was instructed expressly to deny
Japanese press accusations that an
extensive arms traffic Is flowing from
French Indo-China into China to
support Generalissimo Chiang Kai
Imports Abruptly Cut.
The move came as growing coolness
between France and Japan was further
evidenced by an abrupt French order
suspending importation of Japanese
merchandise on the quota list.
The foreign office said investigation
^ showed a French embargo on arms
shipments from her Far Eastern
colony was being enforced strictly.
M. Henry was told to express French
"surprise” at the press attacks and
point out the "unfortunate” bearing
they might have on Franco-Japanese
relations if permitted to continue.
The importation embargo covered all
Japanese goods over which the French
have exercised quantitative control.
The drastic move, coupled with the
relative small volume of foreign trade
involved, caused observers to link the
commercial break with diplomatic in
cidents growing out of the Far Eastern
Foreign traders said France never
before had taken so severe a com
mercial action against any country.
Yet the quotas involved—about one
fourth of Japan's exports to France—
make up only half of 1 per cent of
total Japenese exports, and slightly
less than that percentage of French
imports. Imports of raw silk were not
France imported 338.300,000 francs
of Japanese merchandise of all kinds
In 1937 (about $9,134,000 at present
rates of exchange).
One apparent reason for the break
, was failure of Tokio to keep an agree
ment of February 19, to take as much
or more French goods in 1938 as in
1936. Because of exchange shortage
Japan has sharply restricted imports
l in order to turn all her resources to
pursuit of the war.
CANTOR CONDUCTS RITES
AT HOME FOR AGED
• Boris Schiffman Donates Services
for Benefit of Home—Once
Sang Before 200,000.
Boris Schiffman, internationally
famous cantor who is visiting Wash
ington on vaca
services at 9 a.m.
today and at sun
set yesterday at
the Hebrew Home
for the Aged. 1125
Spring road N.W.
man, who has the
d i s t i n ction of
having sung be
fore one of the
in history as so
loist in the origi
nal portrayal of
"A Romance of a
People” before 200,000 people on Jew
ish Day at the Century of Progress In
Chicago, donated his services for the
benefit of the Home for the Aged.
He is described as the only cantor
g ever to receive a contract from the
' Chicago Opera Co. to sing the stellar
role of “Eleazar” in “La Juive.”
FRATERNITY TO MEET
IN WASHINGTON IN 1939
5»i Phis Elect Capital Man as
President and Bethesdan
Delegates to the national conven
tion of Pi Phi Fraternity, now in ses
sion in Jamestown, N. Y„ have chosen
Washington for the 1939 convention,
according to an Associated Press dis
Richard Adams of Washington was
elected president of the fraternity, the
Associated Press reported. Other
grand officers elected were Mitchell
Ericson, Bethesda. Md„ vice president;
Rolland Putnam, Meadville Pa., treas
urer, and Paul Rippberger. Baltimore,
Mr. Adams, who lives at 2027 Thirty
seventh street N.W.. is assistant li
brarian of the Supreme Court.
ORCHESTRA WILL PLAY
AT SYLVAN FESTIVAL
The Washington Civic Orchestra
and the Players’ Club of Central Com
munity Center will entertain at the
► third summer festival to be given in
the Sylvan Theater at the Washington
Monument at 8 p.m. Tuesday.
The orchestra, under the direction
of Dr. Kurt Hetzel, will play the pre
liminary musical program and the
players will present "Moonshine and
Honeysuckle." Miss Eileen Fowler di
rects the actors.
The cast of actors includes the
Misses Lillian Harlan, Mildred Hope,
Alice Louise Hunter, Cecelia Carney
and Dorothy Braun, and John Joss
leyn, Thurman Weaver, Edward
Thrasher, Joe E. Bourne, Jack Rollins,
Sam Lightman, Hugh M. Smythe and
Harrison Libbey. Alberta Pusey and
William Sheaffer will assist in pro
duction, with Harold Snyder handling
the settings and lighting.
Is Fined inNew
Alexandria's new ordinance pro
hibiting the sale or use of fireworks
was enforced for the first time In
court today when a fine of $5 and
costs was imposed by Judge James R.
The offender was David Pullman,
25, of the 200 block of South Alfred
street. He was arrested in the Vir
ginia city Thursday night by Corpl.
William Bayliss and Officer Benjamin
- Swann in the 200 block of South Fair
fax street. After a plea of guilty was
entered, the judge suspended the fine
on payment of $3 costs.
Taking Off for Police Boys’ Club Camp
Eugene Dailey, 12, checks his suit case
while his 8-year-old, brother Bobby gets a
toothbrush from their mother, Mrs. Patrick
Dailey, just before boarding a bus today for
two weeks of outdoor fun at the Metropolitan
Police Boys’ Club Camp Ernest W. Brown, at
Scotland, Md. The Daileys live at 1322 Tenth
Loaded down with suit cases as he joins
the group of 120 heading for camp is 9-year
old Walter Gartner, 489 G street S.W Walter
was afraid for a while he might not get to
go to camp this summer because his leg was
broken when he was hit by a truck last
Christmas, but it healed in time.
_—Star Staff Photos.
New Yorker Is Mentioned
to Succeed Crankshaw
Ferdy J. Tagle, assistant principal
of the New York School of Printing,
was nominated president of the Na
tional Graphic Arts Education Guild
today at the closing session of the 17th
annual conference on Printing Edu
cation at the Washington Hotel. If
elected—and nomination usually is
tantamount to election—he will suc
ceed Harold G. Crankshaw of Central
High School. Washington.
Other officers nominated were vice
president. C. Harold Lauck of Lex
ington. Va., head of the department
of printing, Washington and Lee Uni
versity; secretary. William R. Baker,
director of the printing department,
the Stout Institute. Menomonie, Wis„
and treasurer, H. E. Sanger, head of
the Chicago School of Printing,
Members of the Board of Directors
nominated were J. Holloway, principal,
New York School of Printing, New
York; Mr. Crankshaw, Allan Robin
son, Baltimore, director of the Mer
genthaler School of Printing; Harry
Gage, Brooklyn, vice president of the
Mergenthaler Linotype Co., and John
Backus. Elizabeth, N. J., director of the
department of education, American
The delegates were expected to vote
on the nominations early this after
At the session last night the J. C.
Murphy Junior High School, Atlanta,
Ga., was awarded the trophy cup for
the best scrapbook in a contest par
ticipated in by schools of printing.
The presentation was made by Thomas
R. Jones, president of the American
The conference will close this after
noon with a student club forum.
BRIDGE MEET TO OPEN
TODAY NEAR ANNAPOLIS
Three-Day Tournament Planned
as a Tuneup for National
Competition in August.
A three-day bridge tournament un
der the direction of the American
Contract Bridge League and sponsored
by the Washington and Maryland
Bridge Leagues opens today at the
Annapolis Roads Club on Bay Ridge
road just outside Annapolis, Md.
Conducted by Russell J. Baldwin,
national tournament director of Cleve
land, Ohio, the contest is planned as
a “tune-up” for players going to the
national tournament in Asbury Park,
N. J., the first week in August.
Committee chairmen in charge of
the tournament are Mrs. Allen Ruther
ford, Baltimore: Mrs. E. B. Swanson,
Washington, and Lt. R. A. Cook, An
napolis. William Cheeks, Washing
ton. is general manager.
Events scheduled for today are the
women's pair, 2 p.m., and the mixed
pair, 8 p.m. The open pair contest
will feature tomorrow’s play, begin
ning at 2 p.m. and recessing for an
hour at 7 p.m. A special amateur
contest will be held at night also.
Beginning at 12 noon Monday, the
teams of four will play, recessing for
an hour at 5 p.m. The amateur con
test begins at 5 p.m. that day.
Engraved cups will be given winners
and runner-ups for permanent pos
session. Several top-score prizes will
be given and the bridge league will
award master points for individual
MISS GREEN MARRIED
AT BROTHER’S HOME
Newspaper Woman Becomes Bride
of Dr. Frank H. Green of
In the “greenest" wedding of the
season, Miss Jean Green of the Wash
ington Post became the bride of Dr.
Prank H. Green of Rushvllle, Ind., at
Belmont, Mass., yesterday, the Asso
ciated Press reported.
The wedding took place at the home
of the bride's brother and sister-in
law, Dr. and Mrs. Wiliam T. Green.
Other Greens present were the
bride's father and mother. Dr. and
Mrs. W. L. Green of Pekin, Ind.; the
bridegroom’s father and mother. Dr.
and Mrs. Charles G. Green of Rush
ville, and the bride’s nephew, William
Green, who acted as ring-bearer.
The only one present in the wed
ding party who was not a Green was
Dr. Ashley Day Leavitt of Brookline,
Mass., who performed the ceremony.
The newly-weds will make their
home in Rushvllle after a honeymoon
i emise in the Caribbean.
Fills New Post
SENATE “PRESS OFFICER”
The Senate last session cre
ated the new office of "press
relations officer,’’ and Mr.
Reidel, well known to all
newspaper men covering that
side of the Capitol, was sworn
in yesterday. He has been
working for the Senate for
nearly 20 years as page and
COL. W. H. TEFFT DIES;
RETIRED ARMY OFFICER
Won D. S. M. for Overseas Service
in World War—Burial to
Be in Arlington.
Col. William H. Tefft, 65, Medical
Corps, U. S. A., retired, who held the
Distinguished Service Medal for
meritorious service overseas during the
World War, died yesterday in the sta
tion hospital at Fort Sam Houston,
Tex., it was learned through the
Part of the service for which Col.
Tefft received the medal included
supervising the handling of wounded
soldiers in the Marne section in France.
A native of Belmont, N. Y., he was
graduated from the University of
Michigan and began service in the
Army Medical Corps in 1903. He was
retired on March 31, 1937.
Funeral services are to be held in
the Fort Myer (Va.) Chapel, the time
to be announced later. Burial will be
in Arlington National Cemetery.
Library of Congress Will Close All
of July 4,
The Library of Congress will be
closed all day Monday, July 4, one of
the two days in the year that the
building is shut. Christmas is the
Tomorrow, it was announced, the
Library •wall be open on the regular
Sunday schedule, 2 to 10 p.m.
Wifle: "Sam, I've got lot of things
I want to talk to you about.”
IS BEING STUDIED
Boston Insurance Man Says
Business Was Switched
to ‘Son Jimmy.’
By the Associated Press.
BOSTON, July 2.—A rtrnrt auditor
took under advisement today a Boston
insurance broker’s contention that he
last $31,750 commissions when one
of the city's biggest banks switched
the handling of an $800,000 policy from
his firm to another “because it wanted
James Roosevelt to get the commis
F. Delano Putnam, the auditor as
signed by Suffolk Superior Court to
hear evidence in a civil suit filed by
Arthur D. Cronin, gave no hint when
he would file a report.
Mr. Cronin's suit asks the National
Shawmut Bank for $31,750 of which
he claimed he had been “wrongfully
deprived," plus interest. He has indi
cated he would ask a jury trial of his
action, which was begun before Mr.
Roosevelt became his father's secre
Vice Presidents Admit Part.
Mr. Cronin's counsel, Romney
Spring, told the auditor two vice presi
dents of the bank had conceded they
attempted to "throw the commissions
into the hands of O'Brion, Russell,” the
insurance agency with which the Pres
ident’s eldest son was connected.
Counsel for the bank asserted Mr.
Roosevelt was not "personally" con
cerned and there was no evidence of
any political gain by the bank.
The insurance was a group policy to
cover a bank department which spe
cializes in financing automobile in
Mr. Spring said he asked Raymond
Ilg, one of the vice presidents, whether
the reason for seeking to give the busi
ness to O’Brion, Russell was to allow
James Roosevelt “to get the commis
sion.” He quoted Ilg as replying:
“Yes, sure, I wanted him to get the
Effect Is Matter of Inference.
Amid charge and denial that the
national political situation had played
a part in the assigning of the insurance
in June of 1934, Mr. Spring declared:
“There had been a national elec
tion. But whether that had any effect
is a matter only of inference.”
"James Roosevelt had nothing per
sonally to do with this Insurance,”
asserted Attorney Robert Dodge, speak
ing for the bank.
“We were asked to show our books
covering our Government deposits in
the hope they would show something
political. But there wasn’t anything
there—no evidence of any political
gain to the bank through the insur
Mr. Cronin based his case on a con
tention that the bank had employed
him to obtain the insurance, that he
spent several months making arrange
ments for it with the American Fore
Group, an organization of insurance
companies, and that, despite his work
and arrangements, he had been
"wrongfully deprived" of $31,750 in
Workaday Senate Candidate
Raymond E. Willis of Angola, Ind., a small-town printer
and editor, has been named as the Republican candidate for
the United States Senate from Indiana. Willis is shown at a
type-setting machine in his newspaper plant. *-A, P. Photo,
FLIES TO HIES
Funeral Services for Young
Mountain Climber to Be
BvtheA — -1 Press.
ALBUQUERQUE, W. Me*., July 3.—
Col. Robert R. McCormick, Chicago
publisher, was to arrive here by plane
today to attend funeral service* for his
nephew, Medill McCormick, youthful
student and mountain-climbing en
thusiast, who met his death on the
jagged face of Sandla Peak.
Austere in simplicity, funeral serv
ices for the 21-year-old publishing heir
were to be held in the reception room
of his mother’s Los Pablanas ranch
shortly after Col. McCormick’s arrival.
Services for young McCormick's
climbing companion. Richard Whit
mer, who shared the tragic end of
their mountain-climbing trip June 22,
were pending the arrival of his mother,
Mrs. T. E. Whitmer, from England,
Learns Body Is Fdnnd.
Not until late yesterday, when he
was en route to Albuquerque to join
in the search for his nephew's body,
did Col McCormick learn it had been
The tall, lean-faced youth would
have been a fourth generation member
of the Chicago Tribune publishing
family had he lived to enter a news
paper career as he had planned.
Today’s simple ceremony marked the
conclusion of one of the most in
tensive searches in Southwest history,
in which skilled mountain climbers
from Colorado scaled almost perpen
dicular bluffs and sure-footed Pueblo
Indians combed steep slopes for eight
days before young McCormick’s body
was found Thursday.
The boy’s mother, Mrs. Ruth Hanna
McCormick Simms, stoically partici
pated in the search, not abandoning
her post at the foot of the mountains
until she went into the seclusion of
the Simms ranch upon news of the
Indians Tell ef Discovery.
Details of the discovery were obscure
until related by two Isleta Pueblo
Indian brothers, Pasqual and Joe 3.
Jopola, who found the crushed body on
an almost inaccessible ledge, about 4#0
feet from the base of the cliff on
the opposite side of the peak from
where young Whitmer'a body was
found a week before.
The brothers estimated young Mc
Cormick plummeted 250 feet from
the ridge of the peak. The Indians
wormed up 125 feet of sheer cliff to
search the ledge, where Pasqual stayed
to guard the body while Joe scram
bled down with news of the find.
Lowering the body, they said, re
quired about seven hours.
In answer to the frank admiration
expressed by experienced mountain
climbers at the brothers’ climbing
ability and fearlessness, Joe grunted
simply, "Was tough.”
RS. SAID IE ORR DUNBAR,
president of the General
Federation of Voman'i
Clubs, has announced the
names of seven of the nine depart
ment chairmen who will carry on the
work of the federation during the
three years of her administration. Ac
cording to a statement from head
quarters all of these women have
records of outstanding leadership and
achievement in their own States. The
announcement also contains a list of
some of the committee chairmen who
have been selected.
Only one Washington woman is
included in the list, Mrs. William Wal
ter Husband, who will serve as chair
man of headquarters and house. She
was chairman of this committee un
der the last administration. She will
have general charge of the federation
headquarters at 1734 N street N.W.
Chairmen appointed include Mrs.
F. H. Clausen of Horicon, Wise., de
partment of American citizenship; Dr.
Josephine L. Pierce of Lima, Ohio,
department of the American home;
Mrs. Wiley Morgan, Knoxville, Tenn..
department of education; Mrs. Carl
L. Schrader of Belmont, Mass., de
partment of fine arts; Mrs. Frederic
Beggs of WyckolT. N. J„ department
of international relations; Mrs. David
S. Long of Harrisonville, Mo., depart
ment of junior club women, and Mrs.
Fred R. Lufkin of Chicago, press and
Committee chairmen include: Dr.
Clara Bradley Burdette, Pasadena,
Calif., history and continuation; Mrs.
H. Gilbert Reynolds. Paducah, Ky.
(a past president of the federation,
when she was Mrs. Grace Morrison
Poole), extension secretary for inter
national clubs: Mrs. T. V. Moore,
Miami, Fla., public safety; Mrs. J.
E. Johntz, Abilene, Kans., credentials,
badges and elections; Mrs. Arretus F.
Burt, St. Louis, Mo., motion pictures;
Mrs. Frank P. Bennett, Saugus Mass.,
war veterans, and Mrs. Husband.
* * * *
Distinguished members of the Royal
Swedish-New Sweden Commission,
who are in this country to celebrate
the 300th anniversary of the estab
lishment of the first permanent colony
in America, in 1638 in Delaware, will
be guests of the National Woman's
Party at dinner tonight in the garden
of the Alva Belmont House, 144 B
In addition to the distinguished
guests from Sweden and Finland there
will be many leaders among women’s
groups, officials of the United States
Government and representatives of
the legations of Sweden and Finland.
The honor guests will be Mrs. Rick
ard Sandler, wife of the minister of
foreign affairs of Sweden; Dr. E. Ru
dolph W. Holsti, minister of foreign
affairs of Finland, and Mme. Holsti;
Miss Kyllakki Pohjala, member of
Parliament of Finland; Dr. Hanna
Rydh, archeologist, and Miss Kirs tin
Hesselgren, member of the Second
Chamber of the Riksdag; the Right
Rev. Edward Rohde, Bishop of Lund,
and Mrs. Rohde; Comdr. and Mrs.
Sten Dehlgren, the former being editor
of Dagens Nyheter and chairman of
the Press Club.
Arrangements are being made by a
committee of which Mrs. Marie Moore
Forrest, District of Columbia chair
man of the National Woman’s Party,
is general chairman, assisted by Mrs.
Harvey W. Wiley, Mrs. Horace Pote
and Mrs. Edwina Avery.
Mrs. Stephen Pell, national chair
man of the National Woman’s Party,
will preside. \
Where Heir’s Body Was Found
On a rocky ledge (approximate spot indicated by arrow)
high on this steep northeast face of Sandia Peak, in New
Mexico, the body of Medill McCormick, publishing heir, was
found. The whitish object in the center of the circle is one
of the party of searchers. —Copyright, A. P. Wirephoto.
Chamberlain Regime Conquers
Fourth Storm in Four Months
Threat to Government Over Sandys
Evaporates in Combination of
Compromise and Stalling.
By WILLIAM H. STONEMAV.
Chicago Daily News Foreign Correspondent.
LONDON, July 2.—For the fourth
time in as many months, Neville
Chamberlain's national government
has outridden a storm which at one
moment threatened to spring its seams.
The latest gale to peter out is the
one which arose last Monday in con
nection with the Sandys affair. At
that time, Duncan Sandys, a member
of Parliament, charged that he had
been threatened with imprisonment
under the hard-hitting British Official
Secrets Act unless he divulged the
source of certain information regard
ing inadequacy of the country's anti
aircraft defenses. Parliament's indig
nation assumed hurricane proportions
Wednesday when it was further dis
closed that Mr. Sandys had been sum
moned to appear before a miltary
court of inquiry in his capacity as a
There was talk of a real revolt
against Prime Minister Chamberlain,
under the leadership of Winston
Churchill, Mr. Sandys’ father-in-law,
and the government was obviously
worried, but yesterday the storm evap
orated in a typical combination of
compromise and stalling.
Whatever his other faults may be,
Mr. Chamberlain takes first rank as
a navigator through troubled political
waters. Last February he suppressed
a very potent revolt following the resig
nation of Capt Anthony Eden as
foreign secretary and the conclusion
of the still half-baked Anglo-Italian
pact. Soon afterward he had trouble
on his hands In connection with the
air rearmament program, but managed
to calm the waters by accepting the
resignation of Viscount Swinton, air
minister, whom he previously had de
cided to support to the last.
During the past two weeks he has
somehow managed to override public
and parliamentary indignation over
his failure to protect British shipping
in Spanish waters. Now, although he
himself has admitted to have had Mr.
Sandys summoned by the attorney
general, in defiance of Parliament’s
traditional vanity, he has once more
managed to make port.
Mr. Chamberlain's opponents pro
test that his apparent ability as a po
litical mariner is due principally to
the lack of any one to take his place
and to his ability to bludgeon his crew
into obeying orders no matter how
many mistakes he may make. This
uncomplimentary contention is sup
ported by the admitted absence of
adequate leadership in the other par
liamentary parties, and by the beauti
ful discipline with which conservative
members of Parliament have supported
the Prime Minister on many issues
when they were known to be boiling
with indignation. Had it not been for
this almost dictatorial discipline
within the Conservative party, Mr.
Chamberlain would have been in
danger of losing his political skin, both
at the time of Mr. Eden’s resignation
and during the recent controversy
over the bombing of British ships.
With only one month to go before
Parliament retires for the summer, Mr.
Chamberlain's position now appears
temporarily safe. Although the Span
ish situation is a constant source of
danger the temporary cessation of
bombings has eased British public
opinion. The fact that the Non-In
tervention Committee has now prac
tically completed its plan for the
withdrawal of foreign troops from
Spain also helps the government by
showing that it is at least doing some'
thlng, even though that something
may not be very much.
It is still hoped that the Spanish
war may somehow end before Parlia
ment reconvenes and that this, to
gether with some cabinet shifts during
the parliamentary recess, may
strengthen Mr. Chamberlain's position
in preparation for the coming season.
It is no secret to any one that it will
need reinforcement before the Con
servatives go to the country in a
(Copyright. 1938. by Chicago Dally
FUNERAL RITES TODAY
FOR ERNEST A. SHORT
G. A. O. Employe Was Registrar
and Steward of Foundry
M. E. Church.
Funeral services for Ernest A. Short.
68, unit head in the freight trans
portation section of the Trains Divi
sion. General Accounting Office, who
died Thursday in Garfield Hspital,
are being held this afternoon in Hines
funeral home, 2901 Fourteenth street
N.W., with the Rev. Dr. Frederick
Brown Harris, pastor of Foundry M. E.
Church, officiating. Burial will be in
Cedar Hill Cemetery.
Active pallbearers are L. E. Noe. L.
L. Whitehead, A. J. Mellott, Art
Brown, Harry O. Hine and George H.
The honorary pallbearers are J.
Howard Brine, Dr. Wesley K. Harris,
Maj. H. L. Buell, E. W. McCullough,
W. F. Roe. W. L. Clarke, Ed K. Sta
ley, Robert C. Tracy, I. O. Ball,
Charles W. Bolgiano, Harry L. Under
wood, Robert E. Tyner and Edward
Mr. Short, who lived at 1511 Park
road N.W., was a veteran of nearly
48 years’ Government service and
had long been a prominent member
of Foundry M. E. Church. At the
time of his death he was the church’s
registrar and a member of its Board
Cheverly Carnival Being Held. ■
The annual carnival of the Cheverly
(Md.) Post, No. 108, American Legion,
opened last night and will continue
tonight and Monday at the Legion
Memorial Park in Cheverly. Proceeds
will be added to the building fund of
the organization. Merritt Barton is
in charge of arrangements.
Employers in Germany must obtain
government permission to hire ap
Centuries-Old Polio Race Run
Amid Pageantry in Siena, Italy
Br the Associated Press.
SIENA. Italy, July 2.—Excited
Sienese swarmed into their municipal
square today to stage one of the
world’s oldest and queerest horse races,
Gorgeous medieval pageantry domi
nated the scene as banners and cos
tumes of six and seven hundred years
ago were mingled in the crowds of
swaggering and chattering townsfolk.
Ten horses were chosen by lot to
run for the honor of 10 of the city’s
17 con trad as, or wards. The Palio,
or prize was a huge silk banner. Rules
did not prevent the riders from beat
ing one another's hones.
The jockeys rode three times around
a brick-paved, tilted piazza. Mat
tresses padded some of the dangerous
Carabinieri waited at the finish
line—to protect the winner from
friends and rivals alike.
So fierce was rivalry once that
inter-contrada marriages were difficult.
Such hysteria has passed, but families
still separate on Palio day, each
member joining the contrada where
he was bom.
The course has been run uninter
ruptedly twice a year since 1721. It
dates back to the 14th century, how
ever, and grew out of other games
traceable to the 13tb century.
Reports Business Prospects
Have Suddenly Improved
in Last Two Weeks.
By the Associated Fres*.
The American Federation of Labor
reported today that business prospects
had taken a sudden turn for the better
in the last two weeks.
At the same time, it called on or
ganized labor to continue resistance
against wage reductions, saying:
"There is still the possibility that
some Industry employing a large num- ■
ber of workers might cut wages and
start off a series of wage cuts through
out industry. If this happens, it would *
have so strong a deflationary effect as
to offset the beginnings of improve
ment and start business into a further
John L. Lewis, chairman of the C.
I. O., the A. F. of L.’s rival for labor
leadership, likewise reiterated opposi- '
tlon to wage reductions. Talking in
formally with newspaper men, he said:
‘‘The C. I. O. stands with President
Roosevelt in opposition to wage cuts
Recent Upturns Cited.
In its monthly business survey the
A. F. of L. reported that the wage
level, lifted by good business conditions .
in the early months of 1937, had been
firmly held during the 1938 decline, ex
cept in a few instances of "actual
distress or among those few employers
who pretend distress so as to impose
unjustifiable wage reductions.”
The Federation cited recent busi
ness upturns, but said it was too early
to tell whether the outlook was for
permanent or temporary improvement.
"The deep pessimism which has
overcast business thinking for the past
few months seems to be giving way to
more hopeful and buoyant spirits,” it
"The situation is still critical and
it will probably be some time before
the Government spending program -
lifts industry to definitely higher lev
els. Union resistance to wage cuts is
especially important: union lnsistance
on wage increases wherever industry
can pay them is equally vital. This is
a time for union co-operation to save
Idle Put At 11,414,000.
The A. P. of L. estimated 11.414,000
persons were unemployed in May, or
3,500,000 more than in May, 1937.
Citing Labor Department figures
showing the average wag in industry,
trade and service this year had been
64 cents an hour, compared with 60
cents an hour last year, the Federation
estimated that this 4-cent difference
had added *400,000,000 to the Nation's
It contended this increase in buying
power had helped to clear away die
heavy inventory stocks piled up m
DEATHS BY FIREWORKS
RECALLED IN WARNING
20 Killed, 7,200 Injured Last
Year, Health Service Saya
in Safety Plea.
Calling attention to the fact 20
persons were killed and 7,200 others
injured celebrating Independence Day
with fireworks last year, the United
States Public Health Service yesterday
appealed to Americans to "be careful.”
"Any way you take it July 1s a
month of slaughter,” the Government
agency said in a statement.
Over 10,000 persons were killed in
July of 1937 and 1,000,000 suffered
disabling accidents from all manner
of causes, it was reported.
Particularly in the case of fireworks
Injuries, doctors should be summoned
immediately to prevent lockjaw infec
tion, the agency said.
By the Associated Press.
CHICAGO, July 2—Wheat prices
averaged moderately lower during the
greater part of today's short session
after an early display of firmness had
carried prices fractions higher.
Hedging and other scattered selling
was effective in checking rallies as
buying power was moderate. Some -
nervousness was noted due to the
forthcoming holiday and possible de
velopments over the extended week
end. Traders anticipated an accumu
lation of receipts of new wheat.
Wheat closed % to 1 cent down com
pared with yesterday’s finish (July, 73;
September, 74(4-Vi), and com was (4
to % up (July, 57%-Vi; September,
WHEAT—Open. Hirh. Low. (Hose.
July . .73% "l3, .7.3 .73
September _ .75% .75’* ,74V* .74(4-%
December _ .77'* ,77s* .76(4 .76(4-%
July - .57*2 .57(a .57(4 .57%-%*
September _ .58% .58’* .58(4 .5844-% ;
December _ .57% .58 (4 .57% .58
July _.07 .27% .26% .2714
September - .2634 .27 .26% .26%-27
December _ .28(4 .28% .28 .38(4
July _.90% .90 >4 ,8P34 .89%
October ... .85(4 .85(4 .85 .85
December _ .85(4 .85(4 .8514 .85(4
July _.5.7'4 .53 '4 .53 .53
September . .53% .53% .52(4 .62(4
December _ .54 .54% .53% .63% -•
July . 8.02 8.63 8.62 8.05
September- 8.82 8.85 8.82 8 85
October . S.pn 8.95 8.9(i 8.92
December 8.87 8.90 8.82 8.85
BKI ,T ■ 1 P!yi— 0
July-10.45 10.50 10.45 10.60
Chicago Cash Market.
Wheat. No. 3 red. new. 71%; No. 3
red. old, 74%; sample grade mixed,
Corn, No. 2 mixed, 58%-%: No. I ■
yellow, 59; No. 2, 58Vi-%; No. 3 white;
55%; sample grade. 48-49. ■' •
Oats. No. 2 mixed. 28; No. 3, 28Vi;
No. 1 white, 29%; No. 3, 28-29.
Rye, No. 1, new and tough, 55%. --
Barley feed, 35-52.
BUTTER—90 score. 1-pound prints. 28;
tub. 27; V«-pound prints, 29; 92 score,
1-pound prints. 29; Vs-pound prints. 30.
MEATS—Choice beef. 17: calves, 18:
lambs, 20; veal. 15; sows, 19: fresh pork,
23: pork loin, 23; fresh hams. 21: largo
skinned hams. 22: large smoked sklnnSQ
l)imi. 28: smoked skinned bacon. 32 f
piece bacon. 27; compound. 11; lard. 10*4..
Prices paid shippers, net t.o.b.. Wash
ington. By the United States Bureau of
EGGS—Market steady: prices 1 cent
higher on Government graded eggs ana
unchanged on nearby current receipts.
Government graded and dated eggs:.
Whites. U. 8. extras, large. 29ti: U. 8.
extras, mediums. 2514; U. 8. standards,
large. 25: U. 8. standards, mediums. 22;.
U .8. trades. 21. Nearby ungraded eggs,
current receipts, whites. 21 to 21V4; mixed
LIVE POULTRY—Market steady at un-'
changed prices. Fowl: Colored, large. 5'
pounds and up. 18 to 20; under 5 pounds.
15 to 16; No. 2s. 12 to 14: Leghorns. 13'
to 16; roosters. 10 to 11. Chickens: Vir
ginia Rocks, broilers and fryers, all sizes.
19 to 20; No. 2s. 13 to 15: Delaware
Rocks and crosses, broilers and fryers,
al Islzes. 17 to 19; No. 2s. 13 to 14;
mixed colored fryers. 16 to 17; Leghorns,
broilers, all sizes. 16 to 16. Turkeys: 014
hens. 20; old toms. 17 to 18; No. 2(. 15
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