Newspaper Page Text
Famed Spa Is Transformed Into Reproduction of Nazi Capital. Chancellor Hitler's triumphal en try into Karlsbad is described here by. a noted American author and foreign correspondent. The writer of “Personal History" and other best sellers, Mr. Sheean gained toorld-wide recognition for his cov erage of the war in the Riff several years ago, and has since written on •many aspects of the international political scene. By VINCENT SHEEAN. KARLSBAD, Oct. 8 (N.A.N.A.).— The new master of Europe came to KarWbad yesterday to take possession of his newest realm. The capital of Sudetenland was transformed with miraculous speed from a small pro vincial town under martial law--which It had been until 6 o'clock in the morning—into a crowded city blazing with swastikas and filled with the martial pomp of the most formidable Of all the powers. Chancellor Hitler entered the city early in the afternoon and spoke from the balcony of the Municipal Theater for 10 minutes. At the time of his arrival, all the machinery of military preparation and party enthusiasm had been thrown into play to transform Karlsbad so that the once sleepy watering place became a reproduction of the Nazi capital on a great occasion. The transformation and preparation, a supreme effort of efficiency, seemed to be more interesting than Hitler's brief emotional speech. Passed Czech Soldiers. We left Prague in the morning and passed without difficulty three columns of Czechoslovak soldiers, police and gendarmerie, who were just leaving , the Karlsbad district. The last of the Czechoslovak military seemed ty-ed and hungry and surprised that we wanted to go on. But they let us go. As we came over the rim of hills Inclosing Karlsbad we saw the first swastikas, men on ladders and women hanging out of window's draping their houses with streamers of violent red. Salutes and shouts of “Hell, Hitler!” greeted us all the way down the hill. We had not passed the first three j houses before we were warned by shouts to drive to the right instead of to the left, as in Czechoslovakia. Everybody seemed to be in high spirits, and every such order or di rection was given with a laugh. A , Jewish hospital at the foot of the * hill was closed and shuttered, and a big Jewish old people's home next to it already was hung with swastika flags. When we drove into the city we saw the first carload of Reichswehr offi cers coming in being greeted by the ecstatic cheers of people along the streets. A few advance guard offi cials had come in on the heels of the Czechoslovaks to take charge, and there were several big trucks of the propaganda service laden with swas tika flags of all sizes. Gardens Are Removed. We went down to the theater square, Where Hitler was to speak, and there observed preparations of extraordi nary swiftness and efficiency. The mu nicipal gardens before the theater were being removed before our eyes— trees and plants were uprooted, and the whole thing smoothed out into a. square where people could stand. Men, women and children worked un der the oirders of local Nazi chiefs. Meanwhile on the mountain top which towers directly above the thea ter—known in Karlsbad as “Friend ship Height”—workmen were building great swastikas of white cloth on a framework. On the next and highest peak, a place crowning all the leg ends for Karlsbad people, a swastika was installed alongside a crucifix. On the municipal theater itself a dra matic arrangement of huge red swas tikas commanded the whole square. For two hours, Reichswehr troops came pouring in in great trucks fes tooned with flowers, carrying bunches cf flowers on their rifles and helmets and with all the girls in the crowd etretching eagerly to touch their hands as they passed. Then tanks began to move in. Loudspeakers began to announce the-Fuehrer's progress from Eger and to admonish the crowds. The whole thing was executed with such precision and order, it might have been directed for a super-movie. Preceded by Sound Truck. We installed ourselves in the Golden Shield Hotel, directly opposite the theater. Loudspeakers announced "the Fuehrer is in Karlsbad.” Preceded by a sound-truck, the Fuehrer entered the square, announced by prolonged cheers. Hitler, a small and infinitely straight figure in a brown uniform, got out of his car while the band played "Deutschland Ueber Alles” and the Horst Wessel Song. The Fuehrer walked out on the bal cony and five minutes later, signaled for silence. Karl Hermann Frank, the local 'Nazi leader, addressed him, "Mein Fuehrer, with the thanks of your people, you have united us in the Reich and taken us home.” And the crowd chanted, “We thank our Fuehrer." Hitler's speech was 10 minutes of a deeply emotional address to people who, he said, suffered and endured humiliation for their freedom. “You have made your last sacrifice,” he told them. “You are safe at home in the Reich." The ceremony was over in half an hour and the Fuehrer left Karlsbad. (Copyrifht. 1938. by the North America Newspaper Alliance, Inc.) I-1 i LET WASHINGTON'S OUTSTANDING RUG CLEANER , Clean Your Rugs ; The Institute of Carpet Manufacturers of America, Inc., recommend taking your clean* ing problems to a professional, responsible rug cleaner. They say "* * * the cleaning should be entrusted to the hands of an expert who is provided with adequate and modern equip ment ♦ ♦ *" When you send your rugs to us, be they expensive or modestly priced, im ported or domestic, you are assured of careful, responsible cleaning, done by experts, provided with modern equip ment and pure soaps. This is how we meet the strictest standards set by this industry. C.f Our LOW Winter Storage Rate. Work Is Hobby of Capt. Staytoii, Who Spurns Movies and Radio CAPT. W. H. STAYTON. - ♦ Says People Are Piling Up Trouble in More Leisure Time. Shorter working days and more leisure time hold no charm for Capt. W. H. Stayton, 79, a shipping company executive here and a leader for years in the fight against prohibition. • Capt. Stayton goes to work at 4 a.m. and remains at his office from 12 to 14 hours a day. One may find him at work at his I offices in the National Press building : almost every day of the year—Sunday I not excepted—a compactly built, erect figure, with a strong, resonant voice, who appears much younger than his nearly 80 years. Laws providing minimum working houas, Capt. Stayton believes, are "pil ing up unhappiness for the people.” “Of course,” he added, “I speak from a narrow viewpoint. I love work.” This will give an idea of how much his works. His son recently mentioned that according to insurance charts he should spend at his age 175 days a year away from his office, not including 52 Sundays. A check showed that last year he was away *only 20 days in all. Needs the Time for Work. Capt. Stayton said he considers this habit of getting to work at 4 a.m.—a habit he acquired as a youth on the family farm near Smyrna, Del., where he was born—as fortunate be cause, he remarked, "I need the time to get through all the work there is for one to do.” He clears his desk and plans his own work before the usual business executive reaches his office. Then he has the remainder of the day for whatever may come up. Many of his hours are taken up with interviews with associates in the repeal movement as they visit Washington, and with assisting graduates of the Naval , Academy. In addition to these activi ties and his own business interests, he is a director, member of the Execu tive and Administrative Committees of the American Liberty League. Capt. Stayton has ordered his life to provide time for the maximum amount of work. He lives here at the Meto-opolitan Club, arises at 3 a.m., has breakfast at a downtown restau i rant, and is at his desk at 4 a.m. He works steadily until noon when he akes lunch. Then he returns to work md varying with the demands on ris time he is occupied until 4, 5 or i p.m. He then has dinner at his :lub and goes to bed immediately ifterwards. "I don't go out at night,” le explained. Doesn't Go to Movies. He said he never goes to a movie ex :ept to see reels showing the Naval Academy’s football games, doesn't lis ten to the radio and has not read a rovel in 40 years. Capt. Stayton said he never lets a iay go by without reading something )n the Constitution. He also reads his tory and naval matters and the col imns of David Lawrence and G. Gould Lincoln in The Evening Star. Occasionally, he added, he will go iown to Annapolis for a little sailing. \ Navy man of the old school, with service in both the Spanish-American ind World Wars, he likes the feel of i rolling deck under his feet and a -rim craft cutting the waves under full sail. "I don’t care for these things under heir own power,” he remarked "They »re an abomination to me." Recreations? Bridge or chess? Capt. Stayton smiled at the question. "Work is my recreation,” he replied. ‘Just work." • London (Continued From First Page.) recent crisis and supports their ef forts to secure a lasting peace.” Simon said French approval of the Munich agreement was reflected in i the "very great majority vote of ap- : proval” which Premier Daladier re- i ceived In the Chamber of Deputies yesterday. "Only history' can decide hereafter whether the things done at Munich were a prelude to better times or [ whether prognostications of increas- ■ lng evil will prove to be Justified," said Simon. Bound to Ask Approval. ( "No one can pronounce on that ‘ now, but the government is bound to ask for approval of the course It has , taken." , The prime minister said it was the i duty of the international commission ; established under the Munich agree- t ment to interpret what constituted ( "installations’’—which the Czechs were . forbidden to remove or damage—and what property the Czechs would be en titled to take when retiring from occu pied territory. Adjournment of this extraordinary session is scheduled for 4 p.m. tomor row and the votes, first on an opposi tion amendment to the government’s motion of confidence and then on the government motion itself, should come shortly before that hour. Conservatives Dissatisfied. Meanwhile growing dissatisfaction with the Munich pact in the ranks of Mr. Chamberlain’s own Conservative party confronted him with one of the thorniest internal political problems any prime minister has faced since the wartime coalition government col lapsed in 1922. Informed persons said some 40 Con servatives, including former Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden and Winston Churchill, wartime first lord of the admiralty, were inclined to Join Labor in voting against the government mo tion of confidence. Nevertheless. Prime Minister Cham berlain and his advisers began an. un official canvass to determine likely strength should a general election be called to pass oh the government’s international policy, including the Munich agreement. The Chamberlain group endeavored to decide whether an election would favor the national government, domi nated by the Conservative party, or the opposition, controlled by labor. Neither the government nor the op position had made up its mind to ask a general election, which politicians assert unsettles business. Progress In Rome Talks. Meanwhile, informed sources said “some preliminary progress” had been made in talks between the Earl of Perth, British Ambassador to Rome, and Count Galeazzo Ciano, Italian for eign minister. These talks were de scribed as related to “Italian participa tion in the Spanish conflict.” It was believed the conversations, while principally concerning Spain, were taking in the whole problem of a general Mediterranean settlement. Mr. Chamberlain also apparently is hoping to lay another stone in the structure of his appeasement policy by conclusion of the proposed Anglo American trade treaty, which authori native quarters hinted might be ex acted before the end of October. British Envoy Sees CUno. ROME, Oct. 8 (/P).—'The Earl of Perth, British Ambassador to Rome, called on Foreign Minister Count Ualeazzo Ciano today to discuss Anglo [talian relations for the third succes sive day. Official circles were silent on the enor of the conversations, but in diplo natic • quarters it was believed the jossibility of bringing the dormant Vnglo-Italian accord into speedy effect vas being explored. This agreement was signed April 16 vith the understanding it was to be come effective when a Spanish war ‘settlement” was reached. Diplomatic quarters attached con iderable importance to France's de cision to send an Ambassador to Rome o fill the vacancy which has existed ince 1936. It was regarded as certain he new Ambassador would be credited o the King as Emperor of Ethiopia. 300 or 400 Weapons to Be Ready for Army by Next Summer. By the Associated Press. By next summer, the Army in tends to have 300 or 400 of the world’s most effective anti-aircraft guns ready for any emergency. “Not a day has been lost,” Assistant Secretary of War Louis Johnson said today, in starting work on the weapons for which Congress provided $23, 685,387. Army ordnance officers began work on preliminaries when Congress voted the funds. When the recent war clouds began forming in Europe, they stayed at their desks at night, poring over reports, specifications, bids and contracts. Gen. Malin Craig, chief of staff, told Congress the guns were the most vital of the Army’s immediate needs. In an emergency involving this coun try, the demand for protection from air raids would be “immediate and enormous,” he said. The guns are being built at Army arsenals, but numerous private manu facturers are working on gun mounts, height Anders, directors, searchlights, listening apparatus and other equip ment. Upward of $15,000,000 in con tracts already have been signed or are ready to be closed. Capable of hurling 3-inch shells 5 or • miles Into the air, the guns are highly mobile. They can be sped quickly on their motorized carriages to the defense of any vulnerable point. Authoritative sources said available funds will provide around 340 of the weapons. The Army has 50 or 60 mod-, ern-type anti-aircraft guns already In service. When this program is completed, numerous Items which Army spokes men call essential equipment still will be lacking. War Department offi cials said they hoped Congress would supply the balance of an air raid de fense deficiency estimated last session at $52,734,859. Some congressional sentiment for greater defense appropriations already has been evidenced. Senator Carter Glass, Democrat, of Virginia, said re cently he believed larger naval appro priations would be necessary. Senators King, Democrat, of Utah, and Logan, Democrat, of Kentucky, discussing the European developments, said last night that additional millions for military purposes might be desir able. On the other hand, Senator Bulkley, Democrat, of Ohio expressed the opinion the Munich accord had en hanced the prospects for a world dis armament which would permit smaller defense appropriations by this country. Senator King, however, argued that Great Britain and France, by "a spine less attitude” toward Adolf Hitler, had "strengthened the forces which make for war and the domination of peoples and nations.” For that reason, he was of the opinion that America must take every defensive precaution. Senator King, one of the original advocates of American participation in the League of Nations, blamed the present disturbed state of European affairs partially on the United States, for its failure to support the League. Crockerland Mystery ‘Solved’; A Myth, Says Arctic Explorer me Associated rresa. | NEWARK. N. J., Oct. 5.—Comdr. Isaac Schlossbach. Arctic explorer, be lieved today he had settled once and lor all the mystery of Crocker Land. Three decades ago Robert E. Peary told of an island he saw in the vast Polar wastes some 700 miles from the North Pole. Comdr. Schlossbach returning yes terday from a 15-month meteorological expedition to the Arctic on the three masted auxiliary schooner Gen. Adol phus W. Greely, said he made 20 airplane flights over the area named crocker Ieland. "There simply isn’t any Crocker Land,” was the verdict of the Brad ley Beach, N. J., naval officer who acted as navigator and pilot on the expedition. Peary couldn’t have seen Crocker Land, he said, "because there is no Crocker Land. I flew over there to clean it up and I think I did.” Capt. Clifford J. MacGregor who headed the expedition said Northland mirages were very frequent. He told of seeing a glacier that looked exactly like an island and said "Peary may have made the same error. We all suffered these optical illusions and he doubtless experienced the same thing.” Capt. MacGregor said one of the expedition’s main accomplishments was the determination that the Aurora Borealis had a definite effect on radio reception. He said also that weather over a large area is made in Greenland and he thought his expedition's findings should convince the United States Government and others that they should establish a permanent Weather Bureau there. /... Anticipating Shipments from Abroad We Find it Necessary to Condense Our Present Fine LIQUOR Inventories! LIOHIIATION jf / 11 m Advantageous purchases M made direct from English * «»d French distillers # make great savings pos sible. The One and Only World Famous Dubonnet W-I-IVE Regularly $2.19 While Our Stock Latte We believe this to be the lowest price that Dubonnet has ever been sold for! We 1 advise early shop ping! Jtt^GrM^renc^ppetlwiJ Here are but a few of scores of sharply reduced quality item» 22-Year-Old IMPORTED PORT Regularly $1.89 *1.49 Fifth Imported Amontillado SHERRY Regularly $1.69 *1.19 — The Famous Imported DUFF GORDON k Vina SHERRY A new low price on this well-known Snerry. Take advantage of it . . . to morrow! REGULAR PRICE, $1.49... NOW ONLY DUFF GORDON frgfl mq\ No. 28 . . . RegularlyO I alU I SI.84 Fifth... NOW ■ Fifth I ENGLAND PUSHES REARMING DRIVE Campaign Is Linked With Policy of Concession to Keep Peace. By WILLIAM H. STONEMAN, Chicago Dally News Foreign Correspondent. LONDON, Oct. 5.—Emboldened by Its popular success In settling the CzJch crisis, yet deeply dubious of its own ability to turn the Munich agree ment into a lasting truce with Ger many and Italy, Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain’s government is now em barked upon a grandiose drive for “peace if possible—but more rearma ment in any case.” On the foreign front, this program calls for the Immediate satisfaction of all so-called “legitimate demands” of the Fascist powers, in other words, all those demands which can be satisfied without the sacrifice of Great Britain's ; immediate imperial interests. On the j home front, it calls for such a re- i armament program as this country i has never before seen, possibly coupled with some form of “national service” or conscription. Great Britain and Italy already have made substantial progress in their attempt to reach an agreement on Spain and, consequently, to make pos sible the implementation of the Anglo Italian treaty signed last spring. If this agreement succeeds, Italy will im mediately withdraw a “substantial number” of her troops, the Anglo Italian treaty will take effect and Britain will formally recognize Italy’s conquest of Ethiopia. Incidentally, Italy may be given further concessions in the Mediterranean and Britain pre sumably will be given Italy's moral assistance in settling the rebellion in Palestine. In its attempt to pay Fascism’s price for peace Britain will also un doubtedly prepare to make an arrange ment with Germany In regard to colonies, and Stance may be urged to do likewise with Italy. What further concessions may be given to those two powers In Europe remains to be seen when and If the two Fascist dic tators finally present the two democra cies with a final list of their demands. So great is the confusion In British domestic politics at the present mo ment that the government may easily carry out its program, for the time being. Only If the dictators shun Mr. Chamberlain's persistent sacrifices for "peace in our time” will the latter be likely to encounter any real diffi culty. During the last few days the parlia meritary opposition has shown itself to be bankrupt of ideas and utterly in capable of coping with the well greased Conservative political ms chine. At the present moment It I highly doubtful whether It will eve; be able to block the Introduction c ‘‘national service,” a dictatorial typ of Institution to which Laborites an Liberals alike must fundamentally b opposed. One real threat to '.At. Chamberlain' policy emerged from within the cabins Itself yesterday when Oliver Stanley president of the Board of Trade, sud denly submitted his resignation to th Prime Minister. All the government’s influence wa immediately brought to bear upoi Stanley to secure the withdrawal of hi resignation, and he finally agreed. Londoners wrote 3,364,000,000 letter ! In the last 13 months. i A size and type for every use. 3 years to pay. Let us make estimate without any obligation whatever. /.J! 1 Lki \m\ Fuel Merchantt Since 1858 714 13th St. N.W. NAtl. 3068 TO CELEBRATE OPENING NEW BALTIMORE STORE! Deluxe *5.00 Morocco Leather FITTED TRAVEL CASE with purchase , new fVonder \ SUIT ^ TOPCOAT or O’COAT ♦ Thursday, Friday and Saturday Only! Washington Gets in on the Party, Too! Over in Baltimore the dream store of The new Wonder Beauties are some our 28 years is “ready for business” and thing to set your head spinning. Special the first business of the firm is to cele- opening values in deluxe fabrics are brate by giving you absolutely without featured at $19.75 and $22.50. Every extra cost—a $5 men’s Fitted Traveling way you look at it—this is a “once-in-a Case of Genuine Morocco Leather! life-time party!” Thousands of Stunning Fall SUITS and TOPCOATS H9- w and *22-®/ WONDER CLOTHES 1012 F Street N.W. 611 7th Street N.W.