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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, December 11, 1938, Image 1

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Weather Forecast
Increasing cloudiness with slowly rising
temperature today; tomorrow mostly
cloudy, possibly occasional rain. Tem
peratures yesterday—Highest, 51, at 1
p.m.; lowest, 40, at 5 a.m. Full report
on page A-2.
Full Associated Press
News and Wirephotos
Sunday Morning and
Every Afternoon.
\Tn 1 7fifl_Vr» QA Entered >■ second class matter
ISO. i.,<OU JN O. 0^,00/• post office, Washington, D. C.
WASHINGTON, D. C., DECEMBER 11, 1938 -150 PAGES.
five CENTS I ten cents
AMoeteted Pr®“- IN WASWTNOTON AND SUBURBS ■ EL8BWWRF
Argentina and Peru Join Hujl
In Proclaiming Need of Front
To Repulse Foreign Invasion
Delegates Applaud
Plea; Resolution
Is Likely
BACKGROUND—
Events of last five years have
forced nations of the Western
Hemisphere to look to themselves
for assurances of peace and have
shaped the agenda of the Eighth
Pan-American Conference at
Lima, Peru. Chief topics to be
discussed are continental defense
and perfection of present inter
American peace machinery by
i means of an American League of
I / Nations and an inter-American
' court of justice.
(Text of Secretary Hull's speech
will be found on page A-18.)
• _
By ANDRUE BERDING,
Associated Press Foreign Correspondent.)
LIMA, Peru, Dec. 10.—Secretary
of State Cordell Hull and the for
eign ministers of Peru and Argen
tina proclaimed to the Pan-Ameri
can Conference tonight the'need tor
a common front of the Americas
against foreign military or political
invasion.
The loudest applause from dele
gates came when the three keynote
speakers mentioned this one point—
indicating that some form of reso
lution declaring a common Pan
American defense against outside
aggression would be acceptable to
the 21-nation conference.
Mr. Hull declared: ‘'There must
not be a shadow of doubt anywhere
as to the determination of the
American nations not to permit in
vasion of this hemisphere by the
forces of any power or any possible
combination of powers.”
In almost the same phraseology
he referred to the political activities
of foreign powers. H’ warned that
"mankind is tragically confronted
once more by the alternatives of
freedom or serfdom, of order or
anarchy, of progress or retrogres
sion, of civilization or barbarism.”
"Must Resist Every Danger.”
Dr. Jose Maria Canti’n, Argentine
foreign minister, said that each and
every American nation must be
ready to prove itself "in the face
of any danger which, coming from
any quarter, might menace the in
dependence or sovereignty of any
state in this part of the world.”
Dr. Carlos Concha, Peruvian for
eign minister and permanent presi
dent of the conference, voiced a
hope that the Western Hemisphere
would become so united that aggres
sion against any of the Americas
would affect the essential interests
of all.
leumg ms listeners mat an omi
nous shadow falls athwart our own
hemisphere,” Mr. Hull said each
American nation had to decide for
itself what measures to take “to
meet its share of our common inter
est find responsibility.”
But as far as the United States
4 Is concerned, Mr. Hull said, “let no
one doubt for a moment that, so
long as the possibility of armed
challenge exists, the United States
will maintain adequate defensive
military, naval and air establish
ments.”
Two Other Keynote Speeches.
The white-haired Secretary of
State spoke following keynote
speeches by Dr. Cantilo and Dr.
Concha, who is permanent president
of the conference.
The speeches were the only formal
• business before the conference as
a whole. Every corridor of the
ornate marble House of Repre
sentatives, the conference place, was
a scene of bustling activity, however,
through the day.
The Steering Committee met and
decided the conference should close
.December 27 and approved for con
sideration a Cuban resolution
against “racial persecution” and
decided to have it circulated among
the delegates.
Mexican and Argentine delegates
were working behind the scenes to
formulate a definite proposal for
mediation of the Spanish civil war.
They hoped to get unanimous ap
proval of it before the measure
would be submitted in resolution
form.
Cantilo told the delegates that
all American nations were ready to
maintain a common front against
any menace to the independence
and sovereignty of any of them.
Cantilo formerly was Argentina's
Ambassador to Italy and a delegate
to the League of Nations.
“Cannot Doubt Solidarity.”
"American solidarity is a fact
which no one can doubt,” he said.
“Each and every one of us is dis
posed to maintain and give proof
of this solidarity in the face of
any danger whatsoever which,
( coming from any quarter, might
menace the independence or sov
ereignty of any state of this part of
the world.”
Cantilo spoke in reply to Concha,
(See LIMA, Page A-19h
The Holy Terror'
H. G. Wells’ fantastic story
of the man who became dicta
tor of the world. Starts today
on Page A-2.
Smashing the Spy Ring
Leon G. Turrou, ace G-man
who broke the Nazi espionage
service in the United States,
tells how he and other F. B. J.
agents rounded up the evi
dence that convicted three and
sent others fleeing out of the
United States.
, Hi* first of 24 installments in
The Evening Star
Tuesday, December 13
I 4
SECRETARY HULL.
Memel Vote Today
Quasi-Plebiscife
On Joining Reich
Nazi Fever Grips Baltic
Seaport on Eve of
Diet Elections
By the Associsted Press. *
MEMEL, Lithuania. Dec. 10.—Nazi
fever gripped this Baltic seaport
and the rest of former German
Memelland tonight on the eve of
Memel Diet elections which had the
full if unofficial flavor of plebiscite
; on anschluss (union) with Germany.
High-booted Memel Storm Troop
ers stamped through the streets and
white, red and cream Memel flags
snapped in the icy Baltic wind as a
challenge to Lithuanian sovereignty
since February 16, 1923. when the
1,099 square miles of Memelland was
handed over by the League of
Nations.
i The population is 152,000, predom
! inantly Germanic. The- territory
i was sheared off East Prussia by the
treaty of Versailles and controlled
by a conference of Ambassadors be
fore it came under the Kaunas gov
ernment with provisions for a large
measure of local autonomy.
Vote Termed Plebiscite.
Extreme Nazis.were calling the
Sunday elections “a plebiscite for
return to the Reich.” Some news
< papermen reported that Willi Bertu
leit, a Memel deputy, told them last
night that a demand for reunion
i with Germany would be voiced in
I January.
Today, however. Bertuleit denied
this was the objective of Nazi Mem
ellanders. He said his party wanted
only strict application of the Memel
autonomy statute, full cultural free
dom for Germans and reorganiza
tion of Memel economic life with
j changes in Lithuanian customs,
tariffs and foreign policy.
(A dispatch from Berlin said
the Sunday voting was regarded
by responsible Nazis there as
merely the forerunner to com
plete Memel autonomy.
(Memelland, in the Nazi opin
ion, will be another Danzig—
nominally independent of Ger
many but actually run from Ber
lin as Danzig Free State. If
Lithuania “plays ball” and per
mits the Memellanders to do as
they please—such as introduce
Nazi principles of government—
autonomy at present will satisfy
Reichsfuehrer Hitler, it was said.)
Jews Move Inland.
Hundreds of nervous Jewish fam
ilies moved from Memelland into the
Lithuanian hinterland. It was re
ported that the equivalent of $5,
000,000 invested capital had been
withdrawn from Memelland.
Jews who remained here said
they had received threatening let
ters telling them to stay away from
the polls tomorrow. Thousands qf
Lithuanians were said to have been
deprived of voting rights by election
i officials.
| Confident followers of Memel
1 land's "horse-doctor fuehrer,” Ernst
Neumann, a 50-year-old veterina
rian, shouted slogans containing
such words as “plebiscite” and “Back
to the Reich!” Neumann's pictures
were everywhere, captioned “We fol
low thee.”
French Sailors Vote
To End Strike Monday
B» the Associated Press.
LE HAVRE, Prance, Dec. 10.—
Striking sailors voted tonight to end
their walkout, the main result of
which so far has been to tie up the
liner Normandie, and go back to
work Monday.
Seven hundred shipping union
members voted to begin work early
next week.
The sailors approved a suggestion
that their representatives seek an
arrangement with the French Line
to avoid penalties either in wages
or seniority rights.
About 1.500 of the Normandie crew,
2.000 workers on the liners Paris
and lie de France, and 1,500 dock
workers and port laborers went on
strike last Saturday in sympathy
with 60 sailors who were discharged
for participating in the general
strike November 30.
Sailings of French Line vessels
have been getting back to normal
through the use of requisitioned
stewards and sailors from the French
Navy. It was expected that the Nor
mandie would be able to resume her
schedule, sailing for New York De
cember 17.
DR. CARLOS CONCHA.
Citizens' Federation
Oppose Corporate
Income Tax
Also Votes Against Retail
Sales Levy, but Has
No Substitutes
The Federation of Citizens’ As
sociations last night recorded Its
opposition to the proposals advanced
by the Citizens’ Tax Advisory Com
mittee for a corporation net income
tax and a combination levy consist
ing of a non-salary, non-wage per
sonal net income tax and a retail
sales tax.
Acting at a special meeting called
by President L. A. Carruthers tc
complete action on the Advisory
Committee's suggested tax program
the Federation also voted against a
proposal for A graduated local in
come tax applying to all persons and
corporations residing, doing business
or receiving income in the District.
Later in the njeeting, however—
for some reason which no delegate
attempted to explain—the Federa
tion refused by a vote of 28 to 26
to support a motion that the or
ganisation go on record as opposed
to Imposition of any form of local
income tax at this time.
Has No Substitute.
After voting down the Advisory
Committee's suggested corporation
net income tax and combination
levy durtng the course of three and
a half hours of discussion, the Fed
eration members admitted that they
had no substitute tax proposals tc
offer at the present time.
To correct what he termed a
"muddled" situation in the Federa
tion's tax program, Wilbur S. Finch
suggested that the Fiscal Affairs
Committee be authorized to make a
further study of possible tax meas
ures and report back to the Fed
eration as soon as possible. This
was granted by unanimous vote.
The Fiscal Affairs Committee had
recommended that the Federation
support the Advisory Committee’s
suggestion for a corporation net in
come tax, but had amended the plan
to exempt the four major utilities
and any non-profit corporation
exempted by law from paying Fed
eral corporation net income taxes
in the District.
Recommendation ia Defeated.
The recommendation was defeated
by a vote of 33 to 22, however, im
mediately after the proposed gradu
ated income tax on persons and cor
porations was lost by a vote of 34
to 28. This latter plan was advanced
as a substitute for the corporation
(See FEDERATION, Page A-3.)
James Roosevelt Visits
Sister in Seattle
By the Associated Press.
SEATTLE. Dec. 10.—James Roose
velt, son of the President, came
here tonight for a visit with his
sister, Mrs. John Boettiger.
"I’m out of politics now,” he said.
"I’m not planning to run for pub
lic office. He recently resigned as
secretary to his father and several
days ago became vice president of
Samuel Goldwyn, Inc., In Holly
wood.
He said he would leave by plane
tomorrow for the East.
Roosevelt Offers
Estate to U. S.
For Repository
Building Projected
At Hyde Park to
House Papers
President Roosevelt will turn over
to the Government all records and
private papers of his service in the
White House and throughout his
previous years in public office and
provide on the faml. f estate at Hyde
Park, N. Y„ land fifc- a building to
store these archives for future gen
erations.
This the President revealed late
yesterday at an unscheduled press
conference which he called In his
study in the living quarters of the
White House.
With the land for the archives re
pository will go to the Government,
on Mr. Roosevelt's death, the family
home and surrounding grounds. 100
acres in all, land which has been in
the family since shortly after the
Revolutionary War.
The announcement followed a
luncheon at which 18 historians,
writers and personal friends were
guests of the President. This group
will form an advisory council to
plan the project and launch a cam
paign to finance it through pub ic
subscription. Mr. Roosevelt revealed
that he will contribute toward it all
the money he has derived from writ
ings which he has sold since he took
office, after taxes on‘these funds
have been deducted.
First Such Plan Attempted.
The historians who attended the
luncheon agreed that this would be
the first time in American nistorv
the complete collection of originil
documents covering a presidential
administration had been given to
the Government for its future his
torical value.
When this huge accumulation of
source material has been catalogued
and made available to students, it
will constitute a definitive record
of an American era, they pointed
out.
! The gift of the Roosevelt family
home to the Government after the
Presidents death has been ap
proved by his mother. Mrs. Sara
Delano Roosevelt, who now owns
the property, it was disclosed. The
President and Mrs. Roosevelt re
gard Hyde Park place as their sum
mer home, but often visit it for
week ends or longer periods at other
Masons.
About 39 reporters attended the
igfecial press conference, and some
of them felt that the President's
interest at this time in the preser
vation of all he records of his two
administrations Indicated he had
no thought of a third term. But
this was not discussed.
The President merely said he had
been considering the plan for three
years and wanted to see it put
under way.
Collection Dates From 1910.
In a prepared statement which
he read to the newspapermen, the
President said that since 1910 he
had carefully preserved all corre
spondence, papers, books and other
data pertaining to the various pub
lic offices he has held.
“These years.’’ he pointed out,
"cover my service of nearly three
years in the New York State Sen
ate, seven and one-half years as
Assistant Secretary of the Navy, in
cluding the World War period and
two trips to Europe; my business
and legal correspondence; much po
litical material between 1920 and
1928, including my campaign for
Vice President; the 1924 conven
tion and the 1928 convention; my
campaigns for Governor in 1928
and 1930; all my personal papers
as Governor of New York, 1929
1933; the campaigns for the presi
dency, 1932 and 1936, and all of
my presidential papers from March
4, 1933, to date.
“Because these papers relate to
so many periods and activities which
are not connected with my service
in the Federal Government, I do
not wish to break them up, leav
ing a portion of them to the Na
tolnal Archives and dividing the
rest between the State of New York
Archives, the New York State His
torical Society, the Dutchess County
Historical Society, the Harvard Col
lege Library, etc., etc.”
The President also explained that
he wanted the collection placed near
his Hyde Park home, so that dur
ing his lifetime he could assist in
annotating and cataloguing the ma
terial with which he is so familiar.
It ^as, therefore, his thought
"that funds can be raised for the
erection of a separate, modern, fire
proof building to be built near my
(See ROOSEVELT,' Page A-1U
Plans Complete for Christmas
Campaign Shows Saturday
Gift for Needy Child Will Serve as Ticket
To Morning Movie Performance
Make a date to see a movie next
Saturday morning, presenting at the
ticket window a new toy or new
article of clothing which will find
its way into the stocking of some
needy child in Washington on
Christmas, a stocking which might
otherwise be empty.
All the Warner Bros, theaters in
Washington will open their doors
early for the people who take this
way to distribute Christmas cheer
through The Star-Warner Bros.-N.
B. C. Christmas campaign. The
Earle and Metropolitan shows will
start at 10 am. and all others at
9 am.
Programs are very-much-worth
seeing attractions, contributed
through the courtesy of local dis
tributors. If you can't come your
self, send your children or a con
tribution.
Ifae Christmas —Maw win bo
%
preceded by daily activities this week
on behalf of the campaign, notably
the Shoreham toy ball next Friday
night, when a gift to the poor will
take the place of the cover charge
and a very special floor show will
entertain the customers. Santa
Claus himself will be present as
guest of honor.
Arthur Murray, who is said to have
taught more people how to dance
than any one in America, is coming
from New York especially for the
ball, and with six of his best dancers
will present the “Minuet in Jase,”
featuring Ted Norman and Harriet
Kroncke.
Frank Craven, noted Broadway
actor, starred in the current show
at the National Theater, will be
present.
Othere to divert the Bhoreham
(Beia mi <3aM»A»R »—'aTT 1
I
AN OLD WARNING IN NEW FORM.
Advertising on Radio
Must Be Limited,
Wheeler Warns
i —
Says Congress May Act
Unless Industry Cuts
Time Voluntarily
Congress may limit the amount of
advertising on radio programs unless
the Industry reduces it voluntarily,
Senator Burton K. Wheeler of Mon
tana told the Federal Communica
tions Bar Association at its annual
i banquet at the Raleigh Hotel last
| night.
He also told them that highly com-'
mercial programs were no greater
evil than the propaganda foisted on
the listening public by governmental
agencies under the guise of educa
tional programs, but which were in
reality designed to effect greater ap
propriations and increased personnel.
He took a decided stand against
proposed super-power stations,
warning that they undoubtedly
would result in a monopoly of the
air, to be followed by a demand for
Government ownership. And, he
added, such a step might go further
and threaten the democracy of the
country, through its control by some
future President who might desire
to perpetuate himself in office. He
told the radio lawyers that there was
a question in his mind whether
Mussolini, Hitler or Stalin would
have bfcen successful in their re
spective rises to power if they had
not had absolute control of the radio.
Urges Regulation of Clients.
Senator Wheeler told the lawyers
that they should see not only that
the commission functions in a fair
and square manner, but that they
should see to the regulation of their
own radio clients to the end that
there would be the least possible reg
ulation by Congress. Unless this is
done, he warned, there is going to be
a demand for Government owner
ship of the radio, and he added that
the American people will rue the day
when that time comes. He said that
he could not caution the radio in
dustry too much along that partic
ular line.
Discusses Radio In Democracy.
Senator Wheeler digressed from
his prepared address to discuss the
part which he said radio would play
in the preservation of democracy
in this country. He said he didn’t
believe democracy is a failure here
and the way to prove it was to make
it work. The way to make it work
is to preserve the right for the
views of all sides of an issue to be
presented over the radio. No radio
station, he said, has the right to
present only one side of an-issue.
He took a rap at radio commenta
tors who day after day and week
after week present what he de
scribed as one side of issues. If the
people are going to hear the views
of one commentator, then there
should be commentators to tell the
other side, he said, adding that the
town hall idea should be enlarged
by every station in America.
Senator Wheeler said that he
realized that radio stations must
have income from advertising, but
he added that it was his sincere be
lief that there is entirely too much
radio time consumed by commercial
advertising. When, he continued,
six or seven minutes of a 15-minute
program are devoted to commercial
announcements, the effectiveness is
greatly reduced, and the program is
definitely in bad form. Limited ad
vertising will attract more people to
radio programs and there will be
(SeelRADIO, Page~AT2~)
'Twister' Razes Hennery,
Killing One, Injuring 3
Bj the Associated Press.
WRENTHAM, Mass., Dec. 10—A
sudden “twister” blew down a four
story, 360-foot henhouse here today
on what reputedly is New England’s
largest poultry farm, killing one car
penter and injuring three others
seriously.
Eight other men suffered cuts and
bruises as they fell among crashing
timbers. The new building was to
replace one destroyed In the Sep
tember 31 hurricane.
Paul Bedez, 45, of Woonsocket,
R. I., died in the wreckage in which
he was pinned by a large beam.
Radio Programs, Page F-3
Complete Index, Poge A-2
a
Eva Tang gay,
Dying, Faces
End Unafraid
Bj the A*sociated Preaa.
HOLLYWOOD, Calif., Dec. 10 —
Eva Tanguay, former musical com
edy and vaudeville star, was criti
cally ill at her apartment tonight
with an abdominal ailment. She
received several blood transfusions
during the weelc.
“Another last night proved more
successful." said her physician. Dr.
Wendell W. Starr, “but I'm afraid
her case must be termed hopeless.”
"My life has been a full one,” Miss
Tanguay was quoted by friends as
whispering, when told she might
live but a few more hours. “It’s all
right. The end has to come to
every one sometime.”
Mutual Health Plan
Details Announced
By Medical Society
'Domiciliary Care of
Indigent' of District
Is Next Objective
BACKGROUND—
District Medical Society in 1933
began study of "medical eco
nomics," sponsored Group Hos
pitalization, Inc., and other or
ganizations, to improve care of
sick. Launching attack on Group
Health Association, medical co
operative, the society became in
volved in court battles and grand
jury investigation of society's
alleged violation of Sherman
Anti-Trust Act.
By HAROLD B. ROGERS.
In the midst of a complex and con
troversial situation centering about
medical care, the District Medical
Society yesterday submitted a pro
posal to provide a pre-payment lim
ited indemnity type of medical serv
ice to the marginal income group in
this city.
"Mutual Health Service,” the pro
posal, is expected to be approved by
vote of 875 active members of the
society, to be placed in operation
early next year to meet one phase
of the general medical problem here.
The medical society plans to at
tack next the question of "domi
ciliary care of the indigent,” which
was characterized last week as
“vital.”
Meantime the medical situation
was active along other fronts. A
special grand jury neared the end of
its long investigation into organized
medicine; and administration ex
perts were working on a new legis
lative program to present to Congress
next month as an outgrowth of the
administration's long drawn-out
consideration of how to extend the
benefits of scientific progress to a
larger group of the population.
Widely different kinds of advice
have been given the Government as
to what should go into this proposed
national health legislation. The
American Medical Association itself
is split on several issues of the na
tional health program. When the
(See MEDICAL, Page A-8.)
Randolph Is Likely
Choice to Head
D. C. Committee
Kennedy Would Rather
Hold Chairmanship
Of Claims Unit
By JAMES F,. CHINN.
Representative Jennings Ran
dolph. Democrat, of West Virginia
probably will be the new chairman
of the House District Committee
instead of Representative Ambrose
J. Kennedy, Democrat, of Maryland.
Entitled to the chairmanship by
Virtue of seniority, Mr. Kennedy for
the first time last night declared
he would not take it unless urged
to do so by Speaker Bankhead and
Majority Leader Rayburn.
“My present inclination,” he said,
“i* to remain chairman of the House
Claims Committee. Of course, the
House leaders can change my mind.”
Ever since the defeat in the No
vember election of Representative
Vincent L. Palmisano, Democrat, of
Maryland, the present chairman,
Mr. Kennedy had refused to indi
cate whether he would take the
post.
Will Confer With Leaders.
To take the District Committee
chairmanship, Representative Ken
nedy would have to sacrifice the
position he naw holds at the head
of the more important Claims Com
mittee because House rules forbid a
member from holding two commit
tee chairmanships.
As soon as Speaker Bankhead and
Majority Leader Rayburn return to
Washington Mr. Kennedy plans to
confer with them to ascertain their
views with respect to the District
Committee chairmanship. Mean
time, he intends to proceed on the
assumption that Representative
Randolph will become the chairman.
Mr. Randolph, the second rank
ing majority member on the com
mittee, will be eligible for the chair
manship if Mr. Kennedy succeeds
in stepping aside. Now in Detroit.
Mr. Randolph could not be reached
immediately for comment on Mr.
Kennedy's decision. It is known,
however, he has indicated a willing
ness to head the committee if Mr.
Kennedy turns down the post.
Member for Six Years.
Mr. Randolph has been a member
of the District Committee for six
years. He has taken an active part
in the committee’s proceedings and
has sponsored considerable legisla
tion designed to benefit the District.
A resolution, introduced in the
last session of Congress to give the
disfranchised residents of Washing
ton both "home rule” and national
representation, was among his leg
islative contributions. His most
arduous assignments on the District
Committee have been as chairman
of special subcommittees that in
vestigated crime conditions in the
District and the ownership and con
trol of the Capital Transit Co.
Although Mr. Kennedy does not
want the District Committee chair
manship, he plans to remain on the
committee as a member in an effort
to push through Congress his plan
to reorganize the municipal govern
ment in the interest of efficiency
and economy.
For two years he has advocated
(See RANDOLPH, Page A-3.)
Jewish Children Flee Reich,
Bidding Parents Last Farewell
Bj th« Associated Press. I
VIENNA, Dec. 10.—A 10-coach
train carried 560 Jewish children
out of this city tonight, in flight
from the Nazi anti-Semitic storm
over what was for their fathers
gay Vienna.
The 400 boys and 160 girls, aged
3 to 17, left suburban Huetteldorf
Hacking station for England and
the Netherlands accompanied by 30
Jewish women who found jobs as
house servants in England.
Mothers and relatives were not
permitted to enter the station. They
held what may have been their
last meeting with the children it
nearby hotels.
The emotional strain of parting
was too much for some of them.
One died of a heart attack after
kissing her 5-year-old child good-by.
The child was not told. Beven
mothers fainted as the children
marched to the train, whleh left
shortly before midnight.
Xt was the lint transpnrt of
I
children from Vienna and was com
posed of those whose fathers either
were dead or in concentration
camps. Others are to follow every
two weeks.
All but 100 of the children were
destined for England, where some
will be trans-shipped to the Anglo
Egyptian Sudan, there to be, trained
for Colonization in Ethiopia.
Jewish ofacials said Premier Mus
solini had agreed to the establish
ment of a Jewish children's colony
near Lake Tana.
It was long past bedtime for the
smaller children, so they were car
ried to the train, half asleep, on the
shoulders of other children charged
with caring for them.
Numbers were hung around the
child refugees’ necks — white for
those going to England and red for
those to be left in the Netherlands.
The children carried knapsacks,
small vglises and bed linen. For
passports they had only birth cer
tificates.
Cotton Quotas
Voted; Tobacco,
Rice in Doubt
Top-Heavy Majorities
Favor Continuation of
Program for Staple
BACKGROUND—
Marketing quota system,
among New Deal efforts to keep
farm prices at reasonable level,
has drawn much criticism, espe
cially from proponents of “do
mestic-allotmtnt” plan, allowing
unlimited production and en
couraging foreign "dumping” for
surpluses.
By the Associated Press.
The New Deal scored one victory
and an apparent defeat tonight in
farmer referenda on proposals that
the Federal Government be given
power to regulate sales of the 1939
cotton and flue-cured tobacco crops.
By top-heavy majorities, cotton
farmers voted to continue in opera
tion marketing quotas which were
invoked this year to keep price
burdening surpluses off the market.
The vote on tobacco quotas lagged
so far behind the required 6623 per
cent majority required that refer
endum officials held little hope for a
favorable outcome.
Incomplete and unofficial returns
from 886 of the approximately 1,020
counties in 19 States where cotton
farmers balloted gave: For quotas,
940.009, and against, about 177,837.
This vote gave a percentage of
84.3 in favor of the control system,
compared with 92 per cent cast at
the referendum in March for quotas
on this year's crop.
With about three-fourths (if the
expected vote reported, returns
from the six ftue-cured tobacco pro
ducing States gave: For quotas,
130.372, and against, 98,658. This
gave a percentage of 56. or more
than 10 per cent short of the nec
essary margin.
This year's tobacco quotas were
approved by a majority of 86 per
cent.
Early and inconclusive returns
from a referendum on rice quotas
showed the control proposal con
siderably behind the necessary vote.
Legislative Flans Launched.
Administration farm officials
| hailed the cotton results as indi
, eating that producers of the South
I land's big crop favored continuance
■ of the present crop-control law.
On the basis of latest returns, they
prepared to launch a vigorous cam
paign against substitute plans ex
pected to be presented to the new
Congress.
A. A. A. officials said approval of
the proposals would place the ad
1 ministration in a strong position to
! insist that Congress do little with
| existing farm legislation, except to
| re-enact processing taxes to provide
more funds for benefit payments.
Rejection of marketing quotats,
coming a month after New Deal
! election losses in the Midwestern
| farm belt, would put the adminis
tration in a position where it might
be forced to accept major changes
! in policy, these officials said.
Leaders Watch Referenda.
W'atching the referenda closely
were such congressional farm lead
ers as Chairman Jones of the House
Agriculture Committee and Senator
! Lee, Democrat, of Oklahoma, advo
i cate of a substitute ‘ domestic al
' lotment"’ farm policy that would
abolish production and marketing
controls and allow farmers to raise
| all they desired. This policy would
pledge growers a fixed price or in
come on crops consumed in this
country. The surplus would be sold
abroad at world prices.
The Oklahoman intended to push
his proposal regardless of the out
: come of the referenda, but he and
j his supporters agreed that rejec
tion of quotas would be construed
; generally as indicating a desire of
I farmers for a change in agricul
tural policies.
At his office in the Capitol. Chair
i man Jones indicated that after the
outcome of the referenda was known
definitely, he would comment on
his committee's legislative plans for
the coming session.
Growers Would Be Restricted.
If quotas were approved, cotton
growers would be restricted to the
| sale of cotton produced on 27,500.
000 acres to be allotted to them on
the basis of a formula prescribed by
| the farm law.
The rice quota would be 11,974,000
barrels, and the flue-cured tobacco
quota would be 754,240,000 pounds.
_ Sales in excess of quotas would be
(See CROP CONTROL?Page A^Tj'
Cotton Vote
940,009 Favor Quotas;
117,837 Against
A tabulation of the farmer vote
at 1 a m., Eastern standard time, to
day, comprising about three-fourths
of the expected total in yesterday’s
cotton marketing quota referendum,
showed:
State. For. Against.
Alabama —. 164.799 15.965
Arizona- 900 125
Arkansas.. 85,301 5.802
California .. 1.987 778
Florida. 4,537 1,117
Georgia - 86.940 23,762
Illinois . 183 55
Kansas- -- -
Kentucky. 1,135 299
Louisiana.. 73,614 4,737
Mississippi ...'_ 158.623 10,000
Missouri -. 8,181 1,287
New Mexico-. 1,346 530
North Carolina_ 74,230 39,824
Oklahoma .. 27,744 13,694
South Carolina- 71,402 9,731
Tennessee ..- 41,643 6,785
Texas . 134,472 41,717
Virginia. 3,972 1,631
Total*.940,009 177,837
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