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Rain or snow late tonight and tomor row; colder tonight, lowest temperature about 32. Temperatures today—High est, 45. at 2 p.m.; lowest, 40, at 10 a.m. Pull report on page A-2. Closing New York Markets, Page 16. First in Washington— First in the news coverage that builds public confidence—First in circulation and advertising that reflect public confidence. UP) Mean* Associated Press. C7fV> VT? \ T? VA O 1 kqq Entered a> second class matter 01 cfl 1 JjAll. ■‘AO. 0-±,t)Oi/. post office, Washlnston, D. C. WASHINGTON, P. C., THURSDAY, JANUARY 12, 1939—FORTY-SIX PAGES. *** THREE CENTS. $552,000,000 Arms Program Providing for 3,000 Pla nes Is Proposed by President Training for 20,000 Pilots, New Canal Defenses Asked BACKGROUND— With undeclared wars going on in Europe and Asia and tension clearly near the breaking point in several other instances, whole ivorld has turned to race for greater armaments. Congress last year authorized some expansion in plane and shipbuilding here, but new program is expected to exceed this by far. By G. GOULD LINCOLN. President Roosevelt today called on Congress for an additional na tional defense program to cost $552,000,000. It would provide at least 3,000 new planes for the Army and train 20.000 pilots, with the training directed “to the essential qualifications for civilian flying.” Of the total appropriation asked, $450,000,000 was for the Army—of which $300,000,000 was for the addi , tional planes—$65,000,000 for the Navy, $10,000,000 for the training of pilots, and $27,000,000 for “imple menting of the existing defenses for the Panama Canal." Tire Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy, in his message to Congress, described the new pro gram as “well-rounded." “Minimum Program.” “Devoid of all hysteria, this pro gram is but the minimum of re quirements," he said. The President's recommendations for inci cased air forces fell short of earlier predictions from various sources, which ran the number of planes up to 10.000. However, the increase in the air fprees asked in the message will give this country strong defense against any air attack that might be launched by foreign nations. Included in the Presidents pro posals for the Navy are $21,000,000 4for additional planes. The Navy, already has a program looking to 3,000 planes and strides are being made toward that total. The completed program would give the United States at least 8.000 military and naval planes, provided replacements for the old planes arc made and the new ones are not used for such replacement of air strength. 3,000 Plane Increase. ■ Mr. Roosevelt, in his message, made no mention of the estimated strength of the air forces of any of the foreign nations. It has been stated in official quarters, however, | that Germany has approximately 10.000 and a capacity for producing 1.000 new planes a month. Of the total amount allocated to the Army in the new program, $300,000,000 was proposed for pur chase of several types of airplanes, j This, the President said, “should ‘ provide a minimum increase of 3.000 j planes, but it is hoped that orders placed on such a large scale will materially reduce the unit cost and actually provide many more planes.” I The President made no attempt to link the national defense pro gram to recovery and re-employ ment. He pointed out that while he asks for a total of $552,000,000, he expects that not more han $210, 000.000 will be expended during he ( coming fiscal year, though the rest j , may be contracted for, for the i Army and Navy programs, and $5,- ! 000,orf) for defenses in the Panama | Canal. No Thought of Foreign War. The-Chief Executive asserted em- I phaticallv that the proposed new defense program and the reasons back of it do not "remotely intimate that the Congress or the President have any thought of taking part in another war on European soil.” The message called attention of Congress and the country to the j fact that while the United States entered the World War in April, ■ 1917, no part was taken by Ameri can troops in any major engage ment until the end of May, 1918. This delay, Mr. Roosevelt pointed out, was due to the fact the allied nations carried on the fighting while the United States had a year to train its men and to produce the needed arms and supplies to con duct military operations. • The President told Congress that * (See DEFENSE, Page A-8.) Chinese Negotiating For 200 U. S. Planes B» the Associated Press. NEW YORK, Jan. 12.—Nego- . tiations for the purchase of 200 Bellanca multi-purpose bomber planes by the Chinese national gov 'ernment have been entered into but no written contracts have been signed, Jacob Gruber, counsel for the Bellanca Corp. said today. The negotiations were begun August 9, 1938, Mr. Gruber said. "On that date the United States representatives of the Chinese gov ernment accepted the corporation’s proposal subject to the approval of his government,” he said, "but • did not enter into written contracts for the purchase of planes with in the time specified. Negotiations are still pending, but there have been no contracts entered into up to the present time.” - • . . - British Ask Czech Loan Be Spent on Refugees Bs the Associated Press. LONDON, Jan. 12.—The British treasury, which recently loaned Czecho-Slovakia £10.000.000 ($46. 700.000), today asked that the re . mainder of the loan be spent on emigrating refugees. The Czech financial delegation in London opposed the suggestion. The loan was originally asked from Britain for reconstruction of Czecho-Slovakia after its partition by the Munich conference. A m Frankfurter Is Approved By Senate Subcommittee Felix Frankfurter (right) is greeted by Chairman Neely as he arrives to testify before a Senate Judiciary Subcommittee on his nomination to the Supreme Court. —Star Staff Photo. -—-_ Chamberlain Awaits Duce's Demands In Mediterranean Mussolini Believes France Should Join In Sacrifices BACKGROUND— Mussolini, seeking reward for part in “Munich Peace," is driv ing for domination of the West ern Mediterranean. Program in volves giving up of territory by France. Again Premier Cham berlain of Great Britain is called in the role of mediator. Observers see threats to Franco-British al liance in talks in Rome, since France has expressed determina tion to go to war rather than give up an inch of her Idnds. BULLETIN. ROME. Jan. 10 (4s).—'The pre miers of Britain and Italy con cluded their formal conversations on the future of Europe late to day. and British sources said no new commitment had been made on either side. tbe Associated Press. ROME, Jan. 12.—Premier Musso lini presents to Prime Minister Chamberlain today his demands upon Europe, constituting in effect a definition of the “justice" which he sets as the price of peace and likely revolving about control of the Mediterranean and colonial con cessions. Mussolini laid down the policy of “peace founded on justice” in a friendly toast at the banquet he gave the British Minister last night. Chamberlain in an answering toast said his way was for a “just and peaceful solution of interna tional difficulties by the method of negotiation.' The two talked informally for 90 minutes yesterday. They chatted again after the banquet. The formal conference today included, as did the previous discussions, Foreign Ministers Lord Halifax .and Count Galeazzo Ciano, Mussolini’s son-in law. Ciano Receives Delegation. Count Ciano received Lord Hali fax. Sir Alexander Cadogan, Brit ish undersecretary of foreign affairs, and Sir Noel Charles, Counsellor of the British Embassy, an hour be fore the formal program started with a visit by Chamberlain and Viscount Halifax to leave wreaths at the Pantheon of Italian Kings and the Unknown Soldier's Tomb. The presence of Sir Alexander was believed to indicate that the prelim inary talks dealt with Italian desire for concessions in French Africa and perhaps wdth the Spanish war. Chamberlain’s position in the en suing formal parley was said to be that of a listener, offering nothing until he had heard Mussolini’s de mands, which diplomats expected would be considerable. The foreign ministers’ conversa tion was understood to have served as background for more important talks later with the two premiers present. Reliable sources said no important decisions were reached. Reich Envoy Calls. Diplomats said that the German Ambassador, Hans-Georg Viktor von Mackensen, visited Count Ciano after Lord Halifax's call. He was believed to have inquired and to have been told what the Britons thus far had discussed. Japanese Ambassador Shiratori Toshio was considered also likely to have made inquiries as the envoy of Italy's other partner in the anti communist triangle. Reports from London indicated that one of Cham berlain’s chief objects was to find out what steps the anti-Communist partners might take in 1939. It is the Fascist conviction that (See ROME, Page A-S.) By JOHN C. HENRY. Appointment of Prof. Felix Frank furter as a justice of the Supreme Court was approved this afternoon by a Senate judiciary subcommit tee. With all members present except Senator McCarran. Democrat, of Nevada, eight votes were cast unani mously for the nominee in a brief executive session following a crowd ed and dramatic open hearing this morning. Appearing at that time, the Harvard University scholar offered to the committee the full record of his life as a measure of his fitness for a place on the court. In dignified manner he told them he felt it needed no supplementa tion. The recommendation of the sub committee that the nomination be confirmed will be laid before the full Judiciary Committee on Monday, with speedy approval expected there and later on the Senate floor. Prof. Frankfurter and his counsel, Dean G. Acheson, lunched with Sub committee Chairman Neely of West Virginia and Judiciary Chairman Ashurst of Arizona after the sub committee had voted. In addition to Senators Neely and McCarran, the subcommittee in cluded Senators King of Utah. Con nally of Texas and Hughes of Dela ware, Democrats; Borah of Idaho, Austin of Vermont and Danaher of Connecticut, Republicans, and Nor ris of Nebraska, independent. Attacked by witnesses during the past few days because of his identi fication with liberal thought and causes, the slight Harvard professor offered the record of his life in answer to questioning by Senator McCarran. “I do not think you have ever taken an oath to support the Con stitution with less reservations.than I have or would now." he told Sen ator McCarran, “nor do I believe you are more attached to the theo ries and practices of Americanism than I am. “You will have to decide in the light of my whole life what devo (SeTFRANKFURfER, Page A-3.) 'Uncle of Kings' Is III COPENHAGEN, Jan. 12 <&).—'The 80-year-old Danish Prince Valde mar, known as the “uncle of Kings,” was in a critical condition today with bronchitis and influenza. Before the World War five of his nephews were on Europe’s thrones— the Kings of England. Norway, Den mark and Greece and the Czar of Russia. Relief Slash Is Backed by Committee House Group Asks 725 Million; Hits 'Malingerers' BACKGROUND— President Roosevelt last week asked Congress to appropriate $875,000,000 to provide unemploy ment relief during rest of fiscal year. Previously need had been estimated variously from $500, 000,000 to $1,150,000,000. House Appropriations Subcommittee cut President’s estimate, but strong efforts will be made for both more and less money during considera tion of bill. Bn thr Associated Press. The House Appropriations Com mittee. contending that W. P. A rolls carry “thousands neither right fully nor justifiably thereon,” for mally recommended today a $725, 000,000 appropriation to keep the relief agency going until June 30. The full committee thus went along with a subcommittee in a re volt against the administration’s spending program. President Roosevelt had asked $875,000,000 for W. P. A., but that figure, the committee said, “presages a continued degree of unemploy ment out of harmony with general recovery indications.” Pour Republican members of the committee, asserting that “a na tional scandal requires immediate action,” went even farther. They said in a minority report that funds should be appropriated now only to keep W. P. A. operating until April 7. By that date, they added, there should be a basis for future conduct of relief activities, “revamped and revised.” Woodrum Opens Debate. “The minority," they said, “con demns the administration of relief, which stands charged with waste and extravagance, with the scandal ous use for political purposes of money appropriated for those in need, and with the fostering of sub versive propaganda against the Government itself." They added, however, that they realized that the "unfortunate mal administration of relief funds" should not be used as a penalty on those in distress at this time. Representative Woodrum, Demo i crat. of Virginia opened debate by 1 contending W. P. A. could drop 500,000 from its rolls in the next five months because it expects private employment to increase by 1,500,000. House leaders had arranged for debate to continue until tomorrow afternoon and said they would push the measure to passage by tomorrow night. “During a period of which there is to be a million and a half new jobs created, and with a careful and thoughtful management of its pro gram." Representative Woodrum as serted, “I do not believe it is un reasonable to ask W. P. A. to set its house In order and to bring about reasonable retrenchments.” Opposes Lavish Spending. Representative Woodrum, in charge of the relief bill in the House, said he had recognized the neces sity of meeting relief needs and stim ulating recovery, “but I have never subscribed to that school of thought that lavish public spending was sound business judgment or the way to economic stability.” He said he felt Congress was in viting “national disaster to our eco nomic structure” if it continued to pile up expenditures beyond any hope of revenue to meet them. The $875,000,000 requested by Mr Roosevelt contemplated keeping an average of 2,870,000 persons on W. P. A. rosters for the five months starting February 1. The majority said $725,000,000 would bring W. P. A employment down to an average of 2,377,049 per month. The Appropriations Committee approved the slash in the proposed W. P. A. fund shortly before the bill was brought to the House floor for debate. Leaders had agreed to end the debate by 2 p.m. tomorrow. _In recommending a clause which (SeeW. P",a!7 Page”A-l27) Bulletin MEXICO CITY, Jan. 12 (&).— The war department announced today that Gen. Saturnino Cedillo, agrarian leader who headed an unsuccessful revolt against the government last spring, was slain in battle with federal troops yes terday. Summary of Today's Star Page. Page. Amusements, Obituary ...A-12 A-14 Radio .... B-16 Comics _..C-8-9 Sports _C-l-3 Editorials ..A-10 Society .. B-3 Financial A-16 Woman’s Page Lost and Found, C-4 C-5 Foreign. Loyalists mobilize men between ages of 39 and 45. Page A-l Czechs sell most of interest in arms plant to banks. Page A-9 National. President asks defense program costing $552,000,000. Page A-l Franfurter goes before Senate group for questioning. Page A-l House report hits W. P. A. “maling erers”; debate begun. Page A-l Senate committee to question Hop kins further tomorrow. Page A-l Musica paid $150,000 to blackmailers before suicide. Page A-2 Drive mapped for record building boom in 1939. Page A-3 Truckers push cleanup of port con gestion after strike. Page A-6 Gorin’s wife also held in Los Angeles spy case. Page A-6 Broad assault on trade agreements policy held likely. Page A-13 j Washington and Vicinity. Commissioners give support to pro posed new tax plan. Page B-l Foes ready to fight sales tax in new D. C. revenue pian. Page B-l Sports. Capital college quintets open heavy week end action tonight. Page C-l Short pitch for stars, long irons for dubs toughest in golf. Page C-2 Clarke boosting pin average to atone for flop in stakes. Page C-3 Editorial and Comment This and That. Page A-10 Answers to Questions. Page A-10 Letters to The Star. Page A-10 David Lawrence. PageA-11 Alsop and Kintner. Page A-ll G. Gould Lincoln. Page A-ll Jay Frankin. PageA-11 Della Pynchon. Page A-ll Miscellany The Holy Terror. Page B-6 Vital Statistics. Page A-7 City News in Brief. Page A-6 Nature’s Children. PageC-10 Winning Contract. PageB-14 Bedtime Story. Page C-8 Cross-Word Puzzle. Page C-8 Letter-Out. Page C-8 Uncle Ray’s Comer. Page C-9 After Dark. Page B-10 NOW YOU DO^ WHAT I TELL YOU . and You're Goin' 'V MORE PLACES. r««»E // Minority / leader //// Jos.Wf'touni Hopkins to Be Called Again Tomorrow In W. P. A. Quiz Nominee Unable to Give Detailed Answers Without Study BACKGROUND— Harry L. Hopkins was in charge of Federal relief adrninistration from 1933 to late last, month when he resigned to become Secretary of Commerce. Frequently under fire administration’s relief pol icies were dealt severest blow when Senate Campaign Expendi tures Committee reported misuse of funds for political purposes, but did not place blame on Mr. Hopkins. Ft thr Associated Press. The Senate Commerce Committee decided today to call Harry L. Hop kins again tomorrow morning for further questioning about charges of political use of W P. A. funds. The former relief administrator appeared before the committee briefly this morning, but said he could not give detailed answers to many questions without some prep aration. The committee is considering the nomination of Mr. Hopkins to be Secretary of Commerce. The nominee told the committee that as far as he was concerned he was willing to “rest my case” on the Sheppard Campaign Expenditures Committee report on politics-in relief charges. Quizzed on Coercion. He said that although he did not desire to amplify his statement of yesterday, in which he conceded that, he had erred in several cases, he was agreeable to proceeding at once with further questioning or later if details of the Sheppard Committee report were to be dis cussed. Senator Johnson, Republican, of California started the new set of questions regarding the record of the Sheppard Committee. The Californian began by inquir ing about a series of newspaper charges that W. P. A. employes in Kentucky had been coerced on be half of Senator Barkley, Democrat, of Kentucky in his campaign for renomination. Mr. Hopkins investigated the charges and declared most of them to be unfounded, whereas the Shep pard Committee reported that it found most of them true. Immediate Vote Blocked. When Senator Johnson began his questioning, Mr. Hopkins said he had a complete record of his own investigation of the newspaper charges, but could not recall the results in detail. The move to bring Mr. Hopkins back before the committee tomorrow blocked efforts of administration supporters to have him approved by the committee today. Senator Pepper, Democrat, of Florida was leader in the effort to have the committee act with dispatch. Senator Pepper, saying Mr. Hop kins “elevated himself in the re spect and the affections of the American people" at yesterday's hearings, expressed confidence the nomination would be approved. Few Opposing Votes Likely. Other Senators predicted private ly there would be few opposing votes, even though a number of commit tee members do not agree with the nominee's economic and political views. After committee approval, how ever, an outburst of Senate speech making was indicated. Senator Holt, Democrat, of West Virginia, an administration critic, said he would criticize the nomi nation because "Hopkins is unfit for the office.’' He predicted, however, (See HOPKINS, Page A-3.) Lewis and Travis Sign For More Pay President Clark Griffith of the Washington ball club today con ferred with Third Baseman Buddy Lewis and Shortstop Cecil Travis and after a brief salary’ discussion announced that both of his young stars had signed for 1939. In making his announcement, Griffith said that' both players had been given increases in pay. In ad dition to Travis and Lewis, Griffith also has signed Outfielder George Case, Pitcher Joe Krakauskas and Inflelder Ossie Bluege among oth ers. Mrs. Roosevelt Clarifies Remarks On Party 'Crashing' In an interview with a Star reporter today Mrs. Roosevelt made it clear that her inquiries into the facts relating to the call at the White House last New Year eve by two high school students who obtained her own and the President's autograph had convinced her that The Star knew nothing of the incident until it was re ported to The Star by the stu dents themselves. Mrs. Roosevelt said that she had not intended to convey the impression at her press confer ence last Thursday that The Star knew of the incident in advance, but apparently her comments were misconstrued. In further explanation of her original comment Mrs. Roose velt said that she was still mys tified over how the young peo ple had obtained an apparent familiarity with that part of the White House which is not open to the public. No Hope Is Held For Col. Ruppert B: the Associated Press. NEW YORK. Dec. 12.—'The con dition of Col. Jacob Ruppert. owner of the world champion New York Yankee bpf>eball team, remained unchanged today. The 71-year-old multi-millionaire brewer and real estate operator, strirken with phlebitis and a liver ailment, slept quietly through the night. His personal physician. Dr. Otto ; Scherdtfeger, said last night there was no hope for Col. Ruppert s re covery. Col. Ruppert roused from a semi coma shortly before midnight and took some nourishment—milk, egg and whisky. Then he fell asleep again. $80,000 Fund Will Set Oul 6,000 Dogwood Trees Plans for planting 6,000 flowering dowgwood trees in Potomac Park were approved today by Public Works Administrator Harold Ickes. He authorized an allotment of $80,000 to the National Park Service for the work. Supt. C. Marshall Finnan of the National Capital Parks said the trees would create a place of rare beauty here and would attract countless visitors. Both white and pink varieties of dogwood will be used, with pink predominating. The plan also includes relandscap ing of the District of Columbia World War Memorial in Potomac Park in such a way that the flower ing dogwoods will provide a setting of unusual beauty for it. Mr. Finnan said trees up to 12 feet in height will be used. Actual work of setting them out will be undertaken during the present year. World Wheat Board to Call International Conference B> the Associated Press. LONDON. Jan. 12.—The Inter national Wheat Advisory Board to day decided to call an international conference to deal with the world wheat problem. It will be the first since August, 1933, and probably will be held in London. Representatives of the following countries expressed willingness "in principle” to participate in the con ference although some made reser vations: Soviet Russia, Canada, Denmark, Finland, Italy, Rumania, Spain and Yugoslavia. The agenda will be considered by the committee tomorrow. Loyalists Mobilize All Men Between Ages of 39 and 45 Rebels Push Drive on Tarragona After Taking Montblanch BACKGROUND— Insurgents report 125 villages taken. 1.200 square miles of gov ernment territory occupied and 30.000 prisoners captured since their Catalonian drive, with Bar celona, provisional government capital, as its goal, was launched December 23. Meanwhile Loyalists continued thier drive in South east Spain. By the Associated Press. BARCELONA, Spain, Jan. 12 The Spanish government today or dered mobilization of all men be tween the ages of 39 and 45 in ai attempt to stem the insurgents great offensive in Catalonia. Mobilization orders previously ha( included all males between the age of 18 and 38. All male civilians up to 51 years of age and others who an unfit for service at the front wer< ordered to join fortification brigades Fortification brigades formed ear' lier in the war were dissolved anc their men sent to the infantry. War industries and supplies weri ordered militarized and all available armament sent immediately to the war zone. Rebels Gain All Along j Catalonian Front HENDAYE. France fat the Span i ish Frontier), Jan. 12 f/P).—Insur gent dispatches today reported thal the advance of Generalissimo Fran cisco Franco's armies continued all along the Catalonian front from near the French border to withir sight of the Mediterranean. In the northernmost sector insur gent troops announced they hac captured the important positions ol Cisca Peak and the town of Ara j munt, northeast of Tremp, in theii ; drive through the Pyrenees toward '■ the French frontier. In the center the insurgents as serted they took the village ol Guardia de Prades. northeast ol j Montblanch, in their push towarc I Tarragona and the Mediterranean Advance units were only 45 miles from Barcelona, the governmeni capital, and within sight of the sea The southern wing also reportec an important advance east frorr Mora de Ebro, without specifying the new positions taken. Franco’s forces gathered mo mentum today in their downhil drive toward Tarragona, threaten ing to isolate government troops tc the south. Franco’s men were reported ad vancing southward from Mont blanch. gateway to Tarragona which fell into the insurgent hand: late yesterday after a combined driv< by four supporting columns hac swept aside government resistance around the little city of 5,000 popu lation. At the same time Gen. Juan Yague’s Moroccan troops went intc action in the long-dormant sector east of Mora de Ebro. These forces took Mora la Neuva, on the wesl bank of the flood-swollen Ebrc River, and skirted to the south and east toward a Junction with another column now threatening Falset. Gen. Franco was said to control two sides of the triangle formed by Montblanch, Falset and Tarragona Military observers said insurgents advancing along the Montblanch Tarragona highway could see the Mediterranean clearly and that the government’s communications be tween Montblanch and Falset were under insurgent fire. Last of Triplets Born to Wife Of Marylander, 80, Dies Spuial Dispatch to The Star. LEONARDTOWN, Md„ Jan. 12.— The last of triplets—two boys and a girl—born night before last to 80-year-old John Benjamin Bur roughs of Cuckles Creek at^ his 33 year-old wife died this mdhiing in St. Mary’s Hospital here. One of the boys died yesterday morning shortly after the infants were brought to the hospital. The other died last night. Since the stork was not expected until March, no doctor was present and the trip lets were delivered by a colored midwife, Rosetta Coats. Mr. Burroughs, married three times, is the father of 17 children Five of these, not including the triplets, are by his present wife Anna McKee. His oldest living child is 58 years old; the youngest 3. Antarctic Area Claimed for U. S. By Ellsworth 80,000 Square Miles Is Discovered in Dangerous Flight By LINCOLN ELLSWORTH, Leader, Fourth Ellsworth Antarctic Expedition. ON BOARD MOTOR SHIP WYATT EARP, Jan. 12 (By wireless). Eighty thousand square miles of coun try never seen before by human eye has been added today to the known area of the world's surface, and, following a precedent set by earlier discoverers, I have claimed the area I have explored for my country, the United States of America. From the fringe of the Antarctic, I have flown south to a point from where I could see latitude 74:30 south on longtitude 79 east, and, as our altitude in flight was nearly 12.000 feet and visibility was per fect, I could see at least 150 miles on each side of the plane. In all this area not a mountain range or a speck of bare land showed after we left the coastal belt of hills, which thrust their dark, snowfree tops through the barrier’s edge. The whole area, as far south as we could see, slopes gradually upward to a surface alti | tude of approximately 11,500 feet, and, serrated with high sastrugi, continues on toward the pole. Had mountains been discovered, I would have brought back more spectacu lar photographs, but the knowledge that no mountains are to be found i in this area is of equal geological and geographical importance. Evidence of Mineralization. Although snow-covercd today, the area I saw in my flight of discovery might, some years hence, become snow-free and disclose righ mineral deposits, for, on the coast, exposed surfaces show much evidence of high mineralization. Yesterday morning our situation on board the Wyatt Earp was dan gerous and somewhat hopeless. We had been driven the day before from our chosen take-off and landing ' field—a flat field of bay ice, lati i tude (approximate) 69 south, longi ! tude 77 east—by the approach of an ; extensive, steady flow, forced down i on us by several iceb(Wgs. It came , j down hurriedly and we only just avoided being hemmed in by the 1 solid ice. We moved to the other side, but the ice floe there was not j suitable for a flying field. I While waiting for conditions to change I took the opportunity to go > ashore on a section of the Antarctic barrier and the rocky surfaces which l show on its seaward side. Then, as evening closed and the wind chang ! ed completely around from west to ( east, I decided to go back to my old mooring point and trust to get ting suitable weather conditions in the morning. However, much to our astonishment, conditions at the port where we had been lying were com . pletely changed The ice, which had remained fast since our arrival, had suddenly moved several miles to the north and completely blocked off the entrance to the island har bor. Much of the floe we had hoped to use for a flying field had shat tered and was drifting out to sea, so our chances of taking off from the rest of it were hopeless. Trip Took Five Hours, j The weather was showing signs of clearing. We would either have to find a suitabe field before 24 hours had elapsed, or, most likely, be held by the weather for another week or two. To the eastward seem ed our best chance, so, with all speed, we moved along the coast. When we came to the limit of our former reconnaissance, I sent Pilot Lym burner up ahead in the Aeronca sea plane, and, after an hour and 40 minutes’ flight, he came back to re 1 port a possibility of finding room enough to take off in a small fjord, just where the end of the great west barrier meets the bare granite hill at longitude 79 east. It took us five hours to reach the place by ship. We threaded our way between hundreds of icebergs of various sizes, and were sometimes in such a maze that it w^as necessary to send our small boat, fitted with a Johnson outboard motor, ahead to (See eTlSWORTH, Page A-15.) Coast Guard to Aid Disabled Steamship Ej the Associated Press. . JACKSONVILLE, Fla., Jan. 12.— Coast Guard divisional headquarters said early today the steamship Flor ence Luckenbach reported its engine was disabled 180 miles south of the western tip of Cuba. The master of the freighter, owned by the Luckenbach Steamship Co. of Delaware, said the vessel would “require a tow-’ and the Coast Guard Cutter Mojave was ordered to pro ceed to tl^e boat’s assistance. Guardsmen said they did not be lieve the ship was in immediate dan ger. Maritime records list the Florence Luckenbach as a vessel of 5,049 gross tons carrying a crew of 36. Its home port is New York. Coolidge Concert On WMAL A portion of the Library of Congress chamber music con cert will be broadcast this evening over Station WMAL 8:30 to 9 o’clock. The Coolidge String Quartet will play the “Quartet No. 5 in F-Major” by Luigi Cherubini. The concert is sponsored by the Elizabeth Sprague Coolidge Foundation in the Library of Congress and the broadcast is arranged through the co-operation of The Star and the National Broadcasting Co.