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Pair, with lowest temperature about 25 #/# !▲ ^ rirST in WOSningtOn— tonight; tomorrow increasing cloudiness M ■ * First In the news coverage that and warmer, followed by light rain to- I ■ B I IT . t1J ~~ y morrow night. Temperatures today— B j B B wf DUllas public confidence—First In Highest, 35, at noon; lowest, 26, at # B B circulation and advertising that 5 ajn. Pull report on page A-2._ ▼ I• ___Z_ - ^ reflect public confidence. Closing N. Y. Markets—Sales, Page 18. ^ —-— ■ ■ UP) Means Associated Praia. ’ 87th YEAR. No. 34,591. SST&ff Tlc._WASHINGTON, D. C., SATURDAY, JANUARY 14, 1939—THIRTY-TWO PAGES. *» _TgREECENTS. II Duce Agrees To Help Solve Jewish Problem Sole Achievement > By Chamberlain, Say British BACKGROUND— Prime Minister Chamberlain Of Great Britain went to Rome this week to further his appease ment policy in conversations with Premier Mussolini. Little has been reported agreed upon so far, although Mr. Chamberlain stressed that his purpose was to establish personal ^contact and exchange views rather than to reach agreements. V __ Bj tbe Associated Press. ROME, Jan. 14.—Premier Musso lini agreed in his talks with Prime Minister Chamberlain to co-operate In the world effort to solve the Jew ish refugee problem, British circles disclosed today. This was seen as the sole concrete achievement of the visit, although the Fascist press asserted it had opened the way to new European $nd Mediterranean equilibrium. In a statement to the Italian press before his departure, Mr. Chamber lain declared he was “more than ever convinced of the good faith and good will of the Italian government” and that his visit would prove fruit ful “for European collaboration.” Appreciates Welcome. The welcome which he received from everyone “wherever I went and %Jso in the streets” was stressed by Mr. Chamberlain just as after the Munich meeting September 29 he emphasized the warmth of the wel come Germans gave him. Mr. Chamberlain said he had not come to Rome for specific accords “but rather to obtain through per sonal contacts more intimate under standing of the points of view of the two countries. “That objective has been fully realized,” he said. The British Prime Minister was represented as convinced II Duce was willing to help in finding new homes for Jews. He did not get any idea, however, what lines Mus solini's co-operation would take. President Roosevelt’s views on the Issue were believed to have been touched upon, but it was understood that the solution of the problem would be explored later through normal diplomatic channels. Obtains Little on Spain. Spain was the only other subject discussed at length, British sources said. But all that Mr. Chamberlain was able to obtain from his host on this score was II Duce’s “willing ness" to abide by the Non-interven tion Committee agreement for with drawal of foreign troops from the civil war. This agreement provides for the granting of belligerent ■ rights to Spanish combatants after substan tial foreign withdrawals on a pro portionate basis from each side. There was no evidence, however, that Mussolini had promised to cease aiding Generalissimo Fran cisco Franco before the end of the present Insurgent offensive against Barcelona, which both II Duce and Foreign Minister Count Galeazzo Ciano assured their British guests would soon end in victory. Other grave European problems which may produce the Rome-Ber lin-Tokio triangle’s 1939 war scare Hardly were touched upon, British circles indicated. Disarmament and economic ques tions were covered in the talks, but no agreement was reached, the British said. Mussolini, they said, impressed Mr. Chamberlain by refraining from saying or asking for anything “em barrassing.” He reiterated his in tention to stand loyally by the terms of the Anglo-Italian friendship agreement “and made it clear he alms at pursuing a policy of peace in international affairs, a policy re quired by the circumstances of Italy for the development of her resources and those of her possessions." Pope Pius’ interest in the Jewish problem also was stressed by the British, but they did not go into the details of the Prime Minister’s audi ence with the Holy Father. Mr. Chamberlain, looking some what tired but nevertheless pleased, received members of the British Em bassy staff and the British colony this morning before his departure for LDndon. A special train carrying (See CHAMBERLAIN, Page A-3.) Japanese Resuming Offensives in China Bj the Associated Press. SHANGHAI, Jan. 14.—Japanese forces, after a general lull along all battlefronts, were reported today to have launched offensives both in South and North China. Chinese advices said the invaders, under cover of heavy artillery and aerial bombardments, began an ad vance from Canton toward Tsungfa, 30 miles to the northeast. In the north, the Chinese said, Japanese forces launched a drive against Yumenkow, important Yel low River crossing between Shansi >and Shensi Provinces. Fighting was aaid.to be going on only a few miles from the city. St Bartholomew's Day The persecution of the Huguenots and their flight to America in search of toler ance will be depicted in the seventh broadcast of the “Road to Freedom” series to be presented tonight over , Station WMAL at 8:30 o’clock. “Road to Freedom” is spon sored by The Star in co operation with the National Broadcasting Co., the Wash ington Civic Theater and Georgetown University. 300 Jews Stranded in Uruguay As Paraguay Cancels Visas Change in Immigration Regulations Puts Problem Up to Cabinet in Montevideo By the Associated Prese. MONTEVIDEO, Uruguay, Jan. 14. —Three hundred Jewish refugees were stranded" here today—ap parently unable to return to Ger many and Italy whence they came or to precede to Paraguay, their destination, because of a change in immigration regulations. President Alfredo Baldomir called a special cabinet meeting for Mon day to study the plight of the refu gees, who disembarked yesterday from the Italian liner Conte Grande, having learned when they were al most within sight of their destina tion that the Paraguayan govern ment suddenly had canceled all immigration permits which Para guayan consuls abroad had given since the end of November. (A dispatch from Paris said the Paraguayan diplomatic staff there was awaiting instructions from Asuncion regarding an in vestigation into alleged traffic in 1 false passports for Jewish refu gees seeking to go to South America.) The would-be immigrants spent their first night in the Western World in various hotels, boarding houses and homes of Jews here. Most of than are fairly well off. It was believed the Uruguayan cabinet on Monday would relax •re cently-adopted measures against Jewish immigrants. The reason Paraguay—which seeks manpower, farmers and technicians to help reconstruct the country, tom by the Gran Chaco war—canceled the visas was not disclosed. Most of the refugees came from Germany and Austria. A few are from Italy. They embarked at Genoa. Paraguay’s department of immi gration meanwhile ordered the de portation of eight Jews who had arrived with visas given by Para guayan consuls in Paris, Berlin and Marseille. Crash of Airliner, Fatal fo 4, Leaves Tragic Puzzle Air Safety Board Sends Three to Investigate Montana Accident Py the Associated Press. MILES CITY. Mont., Jan. 14.— The flaming crash of a Northwest Airlines plane, carrying four persons to their death 2 miles west of Miles City, left investigators with a tragic puzzle to decipher today. All of the plane’s occupants died instantly in the CTash last night. The only solution to the puzzle possible lay in the wreckage of the plane, scattered in a coulee a mile west of the Municipal Airport, from which the plane just had made a “normal take-off.” Air Board Assigns Three. While airlines and civil aeronaut ics authorities' investigators sped here by plane from Minneapolis, the Air Safety Board announced in Washington it had assigned three men to make the official inquiry. The board dispatched Tom Hardin, board member, and Frank Caldwell, chief investigator, from Washington by plane, and said Phil Salzman of the board's Loss Angeles office would come her from the coast Coroner Ralph H. Bray of Custer County said the body of Mrs. Mor gan Morris of Mandan, N. Dak., was so horribly burned it was not re moved when the bodies of the other victims, all men, were taken out last midnight. One body was hurled 100 feet from the wreckage. Clinton M. Hester of Washington, D. C., administrator for the Civil Aeronautics Authority, said at Mis soula, Mont., where he had a speak ing engagement, he would come here to join the Authority’s investigators from Minneapolis. Burst Into Flames. The St. Paul-to-Seattle plane burst into flames and crashed in a coulee in the Sunday Creek bottom lands a mile west of the Miles City Airport just after its take-off at 9:15 p.m. (M. S. T.). L. H. Bliven, airport manager, and several Miles City residents reported the explosion flashed a bright, eerie light across an overcast sky. A light rain had been falling in a near freezing temperature. The three man victims were: Pilot C. B. (Cash) Chamberlain of Minneapolis, a pioneering pilot trained by the late Frank Hawks. He had flown the first ship for Uni versal Airlines between Chicago and Cleveland in 1928. and two years later opened the Dallas-Los Angeles run for American Airways. He joined Northwest in 1931. Flyer Since 1936. Co-pilot Raymond B. Norby of Minneapolis, who had flown for Northwest since 1936. Richard S. Zahniser. about 52, connected with the Consolidated Motor Freight Service of Billings, Mont. He had been a Montana Highway Commission engineer for several years, and an engineer for the Montana Railroad and Public Service Commission. Mrs. Morris, wife of a Northern Pacific Railway conductor, was widely known in North Dakota music circles. Her son, Gordon Mor ris, Seattle salesman, was in Billings waiting to meet her when the crash occurred. H. V. Hewitt, Northwest Airlines employe, left the plane at Miles City to visit his parents at Terry Mont. Mr. Hewitt said at the home of (See PLANE, Page A-6.) American Sentenced For Treason in Reich b> the Associated Press. HAMBURG, Germany, Jan. 14.— George Joseph Roth, a naturalized United States citizen and former steward on the United States liner Washington, was convicted today of preparation of treason and sen tenced to six months imprisonment. Roth was charged with possession of a newspaper of communistic sym pathies printed in Le Havre, France. He testified that he did not know the paper was communistic. He was tried in the criminal sec tion of the Hanseatic Supreme Dis trict Court. One month and two weeks of his sentence are to be deducted for time spent in Jail since his arrest November 29. The steward, who went to the United States from Germany 10 years ago and became a citizen in 1931, said he bought the paper at Le Havre and 24 hours later gave it to a German when the liner docked at Hamburg. United States Consul - General Wilbur Keblinger and Vice Consul Sabin J. Dalferes attended the trial. k Loyalist Air Base Near Tarragona Taken, Say Rebels Three Insurgent Units Converging Upon Key Seaport BACKGROUND— Current insurgent campaign against Barcelona, capital of Catalonia, began early in De cember and since then has taken large slice of territory from Loyalist government. Capture of Tortosa. in Ebro River delta in Lower Catalonia, reported yester day by insurgents. Fall of Cata lonia ivould cut off main source of foreign supplies going to Loyalists by way of Spain. F' the Associated Press. HENDAYE, France, Jan. 14—In surgent troops driving toward Barce lona and the Mediterranean today reported capture of Vails, impor tant government air base only 12 miles from the seaport of Tarra gona. Government lines were said to have broken and thousands of militiamen started falling back to ward the coast as three insurgent columns converged on Tarragona. Capture of Vails was reported by the Navarrese Army Corps moving down the Lerida-Tarragona high way. Other Units Aim at Tarragona. Two other insurgent units struck at Tarragona from Falset on the west and Tortosa on the the south west as the insurgent offensive launched December 23 gained mo mentum. Insurgent dispatches said govern ment resistance was collapsing rapidly and that the fall of Tarra gona, which would bring General issimo Franco's troops within 50 miles of Barcelona, was imminent. The most rapid advance was from Ebro Delta, southwest of Tarragona, where hard-riding Moroccan cav alrymen yesterday captured the town of Tortosa and opened the way for a drive up the coast. Troops following the coastal high way were said to have reached the outskirts of Hospitalet, 24 miles north of Tortosa. Diversion Effort Fails. The government, meanwhile, was employing all its military strategy to halt the insurgent steam roller. With the diversion campaign in Far Western Cordoba Province ap parently stalemated by insurgent reinforcements, Gen. Jose Miaja launched a new series of attacks along the Perales River east and south of Madrid. Insurgents ad mitted the attacks, but said they were all repulsed. A communique issued in Barcelona declared another government assault was unleashed north of Madrid, ap parently in the Guadarrama Moun tains, but no details were given. The government was mustering men and assembling munitions for a new north-south line of defense in the event Tarragona falls. Insur gents said the city’s position was “untenable,” asserting their speedy advance would bring them within sight of Tarragonna within 72 hours. « British Ship Bombed Again at Barcelona BARCELONA, Jan. 14 W.—The 6,000-ton British freighter Stanwell, on which workmen had just com pleted repairs made necessary by a previous bombardment, was struck again today by two bombs dropped by a squadron of five insurgent raiders. The missiles crashed through her forward deck. Authorities said there were no victims. Two Shot to Death In Kentucky Gun Battle By the Associated Press. HARLAN, Ky„ Jan. 14.—John D. Gilliam, 40, night chief of police at Cumberland, and Marvin Shepherd, 32, a miner, were shot to death last night, and Sheriff Herbert Caywood said today the men killed each other. Each was shot three times. Sheriff Caywood said the shooting occurred in the Israel Blair Restau rant at Cumberland, 22 miles east of here, at 10 p.m. The sheriff reported that the shooting took place when Chief Gil liam went into the restaurant and Shepherd jumped up from a table with the words, "They’re coming after me.” Shepherd, according to the sheriff, had been drinking. Chief Gilliam had been on the po lice force six years. He is survived by his widow and one son. Shepherd leaves his widow and three children. Police Disband Sharecroppers' Camps Ordered to Move To End 'Menace' To Missouri's Health BACKGROUND— This week more than 1,000 tenant farmers, at the sugges tion of a colored preacher, left their farm homes and camped along Missouri roadsides, claim ing that they had been evicted by the landowners. Those in the demonstration said the land lords were instituting a day labor system to avoid sharing Federal benefit payments with the share croppers. (Picture on Page A-7.) By the Associated Press. NEW MADRID. Mo., Jan. 14.— The forlorn army of ragged, shivver lng sharecroppers, encamped along the soggy rights of way of Highways 60 and 61, were ordered today to move back into the houses they left four days ago when their demon stration to draw attention to their economic plight was started. The State highway patrol, acting on orders of the State Board of Health, first notified about 75 per sons camped near Charleston that they must “break up immediately.” The rain-soaked group of demon strators reluctantly started prepara tions for moving as two patrolmen stood guard to see the orders were carried out. Called Health Menace. Dr. Harry Parker, state health commissioner, pronounced the situa tion "a serious menace to public health,” following a hurried inspec tion last night. He was accom panied on the inspection tour by Col. B. Marvin Casteel, superintendent of the highway patrol, and Capt. A. D. Sheppard, head of the patrol in this district. “Although the demonstrators have offered no resistence to the orders to move," Capt. Sheppard said, “they are not too hot over the idea.” Capt. Sheppard said it mav re quire two or three days to clear the highways of the farm laborers. State police were instructed to remove the men, women and chil dren, forcibly if necessary. Expects No Trouble. Col. Casteel said he expected no trouble in carrying out the order. “They are going to move,” he de clared. "They can’t stay here be cause of the possibility of an epi demic.” Land owners, Col. Casteel said, have agreed to permit sharecrop pers who originally tenanted their farms to return. Those who could not prove they were tenant farmers in this area were to be taken to a government building at Charleston and turned over to county authorities. Col. Casteel said reports Indicated a large percentage of the demonstra tors were not actually sharecroppers, but were cotton pickers from Ark ansas, Kentucky and Tennessee. Col. Casteel planned to have trucks of the State patrol move first to a camp near Charleston, the largest of 13 scattered along 150 miles of highway. Choice Up to Sharecroppers. The *atr<Jl superintendent adde»-' he hoped word of the first camp’s removal would spread quickly and ti.at families iq the others would leave immediately. Capt. Sheppard said the choice would be tffr to the sharecroppers. “If they want to move, okay. If they won’t be moved, they can just sit tight and we’ll move them,” he asserted. The sharecroppers, mostly Ne groes, spent their fourth night in the open air, stubbornly refusing to budge from the sites they have oc cupied since- they trekked to the highways in protest against their economic plight. For the last two nights, snow, rain and near-freezing temperatures have added to the families’ suffer ing. Rations of food have been meager. Crudely improvised, shel ters have been their only protection against wind and rain. Snow Starts to Melt, But More Cold Is Forecast for D. C. Crews Clear Streets Fast As Jams Halt Traffic; Wide U. S. Area Hit A bright sun broke through the clouds this morning to send the temperature rising slowly and begin melting the District’s second heavi est snowfall of the season, which impeded traffic throughout the Capi tal area and kept more than 1,000 men busy clearing local streets last night and early today. The break in the bad'weather was only temporary, however. It will be colder again tonight, with increasing cloudiness accompanying slightly higher temperatures tomorrow, fol lowed by rain tomorrow night and colder again Monday, the Weather Bureau predicted. The lowest tem perature tonight is expected to be about 25 degrees. Dropping steadily since Thursday midnight, the temperature reached a low point of 26 degrees at 5 a m. today—the lowest reached here for 1939—and then started upward, ris ing to 34 degrees by noon. The Weather Bureau said approxi mately 4H inches of snow fell here from 5 a m. to 2:15 p.m. yesterday, when it turned to sleet which con tinued until 10:30 o’clock last night. This was the biggest snow since the 7-inch fall last Thanksgiving. Accidents Few in D. C. Freezing almost as soon as it fell, the snow and sleet made the streets and nearby highways slippery and extremely hazardous for motorists. Drivers proceeded cauttausly, how ever, and no serious ac™dents v'ere reported in *ht District proper. Less than fcalf ^dozen minor accidents were reported to police. Two per so®, were hurt in falls and one man was treated for frozen feet. William- A. Xanttn, supervisor of city refuse, estimated at least 15.000 tons of snow were removed from streets here during the night, in addition to that swept up by plows and left to melt alongside curbs. Approximately 600 men, including 100 extra laborers hired from mis sions where they had sought shelter, worked from midnight until 8 a.m. today clearing the streets, Mr. Xan ten said. They used L63 trucks and 51 snow plows. In addition, the Capital Transit Co. kept 400 men busy, clearing street car tracks and bus routes: Eighteen scrapers kept the car tracks clear, w'hile 19 sweepers and 16 sand trucks were utilized on the bus routes. Cleared Before the Rush. Mr. Xanten said the snow was fairly well cleared from the streets in the downtown section before the rush hour this morning, but the regular ‘‘white wing” force was be ing kept busy throughout the day ‘‘mopping up.” The ban against parking was of (See WEATHER, Page A-3!) Summary of Today's Star Page. Amusements B-12 Church News A-12-15 Comics ..B-10-11 Editorials __A-10 Financial --A-18 Page. Lost & Pound B-6 Obituary „.A-12 Rjdio_A-8 Real Estate.B-14 Society -B-3 Sports ..A-16-17 Woman’s Pg. B-5 Foreign. Slingshot stones raise * Dutch-Nazi crisis. * Page A-l Loyalist air base near Tarragona taken, say rebels. Page A-l 300 Jews stranded as Paraguay can cels visas. Page A-l 11 Duce agrees to help solve Jewish problem. Page A-l Nazi papers welcome Hungary as pact member. Page A-4 80 dead as fires rage in Aus tralia. Page A-4 National. Investigation starts in fatal plane crash. Page A-l Senate held likely to join House in W. P. A. fund cut. Page A-l Missouri police disband sharecrop pers' camps. Page A-l Sky limit favored by Army on plane authorization. Page A-l Board to administer auto union’s af fairs until conveptlon. Page A-4 Hearings on Lea railroad proposal to start Tuesday. Page A-8 Washington and Vicinity. Gov. O’Conor seeks $8,450,000 at bud get meeting Tuesday. Page A-8 F. 'W. Huddleston, former Fairfax treasurer, dies. Page A-6 Senator Overton favors sales tax for District. PageA-20 Four new members of House D. C. Committee named. Page A-20 Editorial and Comment This and That. Page A-10 Answers to Questions Page A-10 Letters to The Star. Page A-10 David Lawrence. Page A-ll Alsop and Kintner. Page A-ll G. Gould Lincoln. Page A-ll Jay Franklin. Page A-ll Lemuel Parton. Page A-ll Sports. Dartmouth track records threaten to hurt Gotham gates. Page A-16 Mungo threatens to quit rather than take $11,000 cut. Page A-16 Dixie ’Stakes occupy leading girl bowlers of Nation. Page A-17 Red Burman joins the "I Beat Farr” heavyweight lodge. Page A-17 Snead and Hogan press ■ Horton Smith in Oakland golf. Page A-17 Miscellany City News in Brief. Page A-6 Winning Contract. Page A-8 The Holy Terror. Page A-8 Marriage Licenses. Page A-12 Bedtime Story. Page B-10 Cross-Word Puzzle. Page B-10 Letter-Out. Page B-10 (Uncle Ray’s Comer. PageB-11 Nature’s Children. Page B-12 4 Thefts From Subway Charged as 5,000,000 Nickels Disappear B> tht Associated Press. NEW YORK, Jan. 14.—The disappearance of 5,000,000 nic kels—that’s $250,000 in round figures—was under investigation today by the City Transporta tion Board, which charges they were stolen from the city sub way last year. The “tap,” the board said, had been accomplished by collectors and accomplices turning back the turnstile meters every day— but not enough to arouse sus picion—and pocketing the dif ference. The board said some individ uals took $70 a day. Seventeen employes have been suspended pending an inquiry. Slingshot Stones Are Blamed for Dutch-Nazi Crisis Offices and Homes of Germans Guarded in Netherlands Br the Associated Press. AMSTERDAM, Jan. 14—Police guards were posted around homes and offices of German officials in the Netherlands today although an attack on a German-occupied build ing for which Nazi papers angrily blamed Jews gave evidences of being only a “slingshot crisis.'’. The pdfcce details were ordered ’following German diplomatic repre selftations and an angry Nazi press clamor %ver what was said to have been bullets fired into Nazi build ings by “^ ws” in refuge here. •Believe Pebbles Responsible. But Netherlands detectives, after long investigation, believe that the "mysterious bullets from ambush” were nothing more than pebbles from the slingshot of a mischievous boy. A government statement said it was almost certain that a hole in the window of an Amsterdam residence occupied by a German official was made by a stone, possibly shot by a “foolhardy boy.” The government made an inquiry after Berlin news papers accused Jews and warned that Jews in Germany would suffer if such incidents continued. A second incident in The Hague, the statement said, involved a shot fired' through a window of a house next to the German legation—"a house a part, of which was used by the legation without bArlng any outward .sign denoting Its Special character as .such.”, • Hold Theory Confirmed. Detectives said their slingshot theory was confirmed when a “bulfet hole’* in a wihdow of the Brazilian consulate in Amsterdam turned out to have been made by a pebble from a slingshot. The official statement gave no reason for the attack in The Hague, but Amsterdam police reported there had been complaints of windows broken by slingshots in the neigh borhood of the German official's home. Guards of one or two policemen were extended to homes of chief German officials in addition to the legation in The Hague and con sulates in Amsterdam and Rotter dam. Chamberlain, Halifax Get Medals From Pope By the Associated Press. VATICAN CITY. Jan. 14.—The Vatican announced today that Pope Pius gave gold medals to Prime Minister Chamberlain and Foreign Secretary Viscount Halifax when he received them in audience yesterday. This was interpreted as evidence that the pontiff fully approved the peace mission of the British states men. , Two of Crew Injured In Ohio Train Wreck Ej the Associated Press. DEFIANCE, Ohio, Jan. 14.—Two trainmen were Injured slightly and a score of passengers escaped injury today when a Wabash passenger train bound for Toledo was wrecked. The injured, Melvin R. Frysinger, engineer, and Elmber H. Myers, fireman, both of Toledo, suffered outs and bruises. Sky Limit Favored * By Army on Plane Authorizations Hint Elicited by Plans Of May to Seek Lid Of 6,000 Ships B> the Associated Press. A proposal in Congress to author ize an Army air force of 6,000 planes produced an authoritative hint to day that the administration favored removing all legislative limits on the corps’ size. Chairman May of the House Mil itary Affairs Committee said he would propose the new limit next week, in response to President Roosevelt’s recommendation that the Army air forces be expanded as soon as possible by at least 3,000 aircraft. Sky Limit May Be Asked. Reliable administration sources reported, however, that Army spokesmen would ask Congress in stead to “make the sky the limit,” so far as authorizations are con cerned. Congressional authorizations are distinct from actual appropriations. Often the legislators authorize a program extending over several years, then pass annually on the amount of money to be spent carry ing it out. If an unlimited expan sion of the Air Corps were author ized now. this would reduce the amount of Congressional action re quired to increase the force greatly In an emergency. An appropriation would be the only thing necessary. Legally, officials said, the Army now has authority to increase the Air Corps to 4,120 planes. It was said in military quarters that, although the administration opposed a new limitation of 6,000, it had no present intention of propos ing to exceed this figure in the next several years. Senators to Start Study. The Senate Military Affairs Com mittee, .intends to begin immediately a study of th? Chief Executive’s armament recommendations. Chair man Sheppard said the study would cover “the whole national defense problem.” Secret hearings will start Tuesday, it was announced, at which War Department officials will be asked to explain in detail the $552,000,000 emergency military program which Mr. Roosevelt presented this weex. Beaten, Bound and Left To Freeze, Man Found Bv the Associated Press. • PHILADELPHIA. Jan. 14.-Ceorge Myers, a witness in an investigation of a three-State "poison ring,” told a story today of being beaten, bound and dumped on a snow-covered lot by three men who. he said, "finally decided to let me freeze to death rather than shoot me.” Mr. Myers, 38, who just a week ago received threatening letters, said he kept rolling over and over to prevent himself from being covered by the falling snow. He said he lay on the lot about two hours before being discovered and taken to a hospital. He told police he was attacked by the men who forced him into an automobile last night. He said his assailants bound his arms and legs with rope and sealed his lips with tape, and warned him to "leave town.” Detectives said they had planned to question him further today in connection with the "poison ring,” blamed for the deaths of at least four persons, including one boy. Po lice believe members of the ring, operating in Pennsylvania, New York and New Jersey, poisoned their victims to collect Insurance. Three persons are under arrest, charged with murder and conspir acy. 9 Die in Plane Crash In Brazilian Mountains B» the Associated Press. RIO DE JANEIRO, Jan. 14.—Five passengers and four crew members of a three-motored seaplane of the Condor Line were killed when the plane crashed in flames in moun tains northeast of Rio de Janeiro yesterday. The Condor Line is th» Brazilian division of the German Lufthansa. Senate Passage Of W. P. A. Cut Is Forecast May Go Beyond House In Writing Curbs Into Measure BACKGROUND— President Roosevelt asked Con gress last week to provide tS75, 000,000 to supply relief needs for remainder of fiscal year, with relief system under particular fire since Senate Campaign Com mittee reported misuse of funds for political purposes, and drive against spending under way, House Appropriations Commit tee cut total by $150,000,000, and House concurred yesterday. Funds were made necessary when unexpected demands threatened exhaustion of previous appropri ation by February 1. Bj tbc Associated Press. Democratic insurgency against the administration’s relief program spread to the Senate today after the rebellious House had lopped $150, 000,000 from the appropriation asked by President Roosevelt to finance , the Works Progress Administration for the next five months. Leaders of the Senate’s economy bloc predicted the $725,000,000 fund voted by the House would win Sen ate approval, probably late next week, despite the President’s re quest for $875,000,000. The House passed the relief bill last night, 397 to 16, after an in formal coalition of Republicans and many Democrats had reduced its amount and incorporated prohibi tions against political activities in the W. P. A. This first major legislative action in the new Congress was inter preted widely as evidence that the election-strengthened Republicans, working with a substantial bloc of Democrats, might curtail other phases of the President’s, spending program. Leaders awaited signs of the country’s reaction, however, be for venturing definite predictions. Restrictions Included. Mr. Roosevelt had advocated that the appropriation be made without strings and that Congress take fur ther time in which to work out leg islation against politics in relief. Instead, the House wrote these provisions into the measure: That none of the money should be used to pay W. P. A. officials and administrative employes under the civil service—this to forestall a presi dential order blanketing thousands of them into the civil service Feb ruary 1. At the same time, however, the House adopted an amendment by Representative Wood rum. Democrat, of Virginia that would lift the ban on W. P. A. payment of civil service employes in old-line agencies. Mr. Woodrum explained that the civil service proscription written into the bill by the Appropriation Subcom mittee was designed solely to apply to the staff of the W. P. A. and that it was not desired that it should affect such agencies as the Treasury and the General Accounting Office, where relief funds are paying part of the personnel. That for the same or comparable work in different States, the W. P. A. could not vary relief wages more than 25 per cent. That none of the money could be used to pay salaries or benefits to any official or beneficiary who tried to influence the vote of a W. P. A. worker. This amounted to a statement of policy, since no elec tions are scheduled in the five month period. That no relief funds be paid to aliens. That the W. P. A. reverse a re cent order and continue on work relief men and women over 65. all of whom the W. P. A. had classified as unemployable and ordered turned over to local relief agencies. This order was to be effective January 31. That the Farm Security Adminis tration be prevented from using any of the money to establish hosiery mills on Federal homesteads. Hearings Begin Monday. Chairman Adams announced a Senate Appropriations Subcommit tee would begin hearings on the bill ; Monday morning. He predicted that both his committee and the full Appropriations Committee would approve the House figure, at the most, and said some effort might be made to reduce it. There were some indications Sen ators would go even farther than House members in writing restric tions on W. P. A. policies. Chairman Byrnes and his Unem ployment Committee have worked out a program for distributing W. P. A. funds under rules laid down by Congress instead of authority delegated, as for the last six years, to the administration. Senator Byrnes was expected to announce details of the proposal late today. Some persons under stood that he had in mind, possibly as a long-range objective, ultimate replacement of the present relief system by a new one based on the idea of tying together the United States Employment Service and the unemployment compensation work of the Social Security Board. Senator Byrnes is a member of (See W. P. A., Page A-g.) Coolidge Concert On WMAL The Coolidge String Quar tet will be heard over WMAL this afternoon from the Li brary of Congress at 5 o’clock. The concert is sponsored by the Elizabeth Sprague Cool idge Foundation. The broad cast was arranged through the co-operation of The Star and the National Broadcast ing Co.