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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, March 05, 1939, Image 1

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Weather Forecast c k *k ' fed ■
Intermittent rain and slightly warmer jUDSCriD6r""”*N6WSStCin(J
today; tomorrow rain and colder; much a
colder tomorrow afternoon and night. ^ODV
Temperatures yesterday—Highest, 49, at ' '
4:3(1-p.m.; lowest. 36, at 6 am. Full re- Not for Sale bv NeWSbOYS
port on page A-2. ' '
No. 1,772-No. 34,641. £,*""«£ "."ilETf WASHINGTON, D. C., MARCH 5, 1939-108 PAGES. *» . '«*■"> FIVE CENTS I TEN CENTS
___ _’_ AjwcIaUA Prew. IV WASHINGTON AND SUBURBS ELSBWHPHB
Liberty Democracy's Bulwark,
Roosevelt and Hughes Declare;
Nazi Reply Attacks President
! U. S. 'Not Passive'
Before Religious
Persecution
ly the Associated Press.
On a cheering, gala joint session
of Congress. President Roosevelt and
Chief Justice Hughes impressed yes
terday the thought that the indi
vidual liberty guaranteed by the
Constitution is this Nation's defense
against those who would destroy
democracy.
Gathered in the big hall of the
House of Representatives were the
members of both branches of Con
gress. commemorating the first meet
ing of the National Legislature under
the Constitution 150 years before.
With them were the members of the
cabinet, the Supreme Court, the
heads of the Army and Navy, and
the diplomatic envoys of more than
50 foreign countries.
It was an occasion for traditional
American patriotic speech-making,
for tribute to the founders of the
country, and to the Constitution.
But Mr. Roosevelt and Chief Justice
Hughes made it also an occasion for
reviewing a century and a half of
democracy, what it has meant and
what it promises to mean to the
people of America. They found their
thoughts following similar channels.
"Today.” said the President, "with
many other democracies, the United
States will give no encouragement
to the belief that our processes are
outworn, or that we will approvingly
watch the return of forms of govern
ment which for 2.000 years have
proved their tyranny and their in
stability alike."
U. S. Won’t Ignore Liberty Denial.
He served notice, too. that the
United States would not stand pas
sive and silent while religious liberty I
was denied in other lands, but would
use every "peaceful means” to pre- ,
serve religious and personal freedom.
"Where democracy is snuffed out.
there, too. the right to worship
God in one's own way is circum
scribed or abrogated." he said. "Shall
we by our passiveness, by our si
lence. by assuming the attitude of
the Levite who pulled his skirts!
together and passed by on the other
side lend encouragement to those
who today persecute religion or
deny it?
"The answer is ‘No.’ just as in the
days of the First Congress of the
United States it was ’No.’ ”
The Chief Justice said the most
significant fact in connection with
the anniversary “is that after 150
years, notwithstanding expansion of
territory, enormous increase in pop
ulation and profound economic
changes, despite direct attack and
subversive influences, there is every
indication that the vastly prepon
derant sentiment of the American
people is that our form of govern
ment shall be preserved,”
Describes Bill of Rights.
Again the President described the
Bill of Rights, with its guarantees
of freedom of worship, freedom of
speech, of the press and of !
assembly, as containing a "vast i
chasm between our representative i
democracy and those reversions to :
personal rule which have character
ized these recent years ”
"Our guarantees of fair trials.”
Mr Hughes said, "of due process
in the protection of life, liberty and
property—which stands between the
citizen and arbitrary power—of re- 1
ligious freedom, of free speech, free
press and free assembly, are the
safeguards which have been erected
against the abuses threatened by |
gusts of passion and prejudice1
which in misguided zeal would de
stroy the basic interests of democ
racy.”
But while the Chief Executive
suggested modern times demanded
speed in adjusting our Government
to meet new problems, Mr. Hughes
said the inherent delays of democ
racy assured deliberate judgment.
Explains “Horse and Buggy” Term.
The President, mentioning the
phrase "horse and buggy age” —
which he used in describing the Su
preme Court’s 1935 decision invali
dating N. R. A., said it is not used
as a term of derogation. He con
tinued:
"We use it rather to explain the
tedious delays and the local antag
onisms which beset our early paths,
and we use it. perhaps, to remind our
citizens of today that the automobile, '
the railroad, the airplane, the elec- j
trical impulse over the wure, and
through the ether leave to no citizen
an excuse for sectionalism, for delay :
in the execution of the public busi- |
ness or for a failure to maintain a
full understanding of the accelera- '
tion of the processes of civilization.” j
Said the Chief Justice:
“If our checks and balances some- j
times prevent the speedy action
Which is thought desirable, they also !
assure in the long run a more de
liberate judgment. And what the !
people want they generally get. With
the ultimate power of change ,
(See ROOSEVELT, Page A-4.) j
r— --—■■ !
10,000 Shingles
Coming by Mail
To Capital
By the Associated Press.
EVERETT. Wash.. March 4.—Mail
carriers and clerks at Washington.
D. C.. had better lay in a supply
of good, stout gloves, because they
will be handling 10.000 cedar shin
gles from the Pacific Northwest In
the next few weeks.
The shingles w'ill carry a printed
appeal to Congress to enact an im
port quota equal to 25 per cent of
this country's consumption to protect
the American market for American
products.
The Everett local of the Shingle
Weavers' Union is sponsoring the
campaign to send 2,000 shingles each
to President Roosevelt. Secretary of
State Hull, Senators Bone and
Schwellenbach and Representative
Wallgreen.
• I "I *
Reich Extends Time
For Jews to Yield
Jewels to State
By the Associated Press.
BERLIN, March 4.—The Ger
man government tonight modi
fied a recent order directing all
German Jews and Jews without
a country' to turn over Jewels
and precious stones to the state
within two weeks.
The deadline, originally set
for March 7. was extended ‘‘?or
technical reasons" to the end of
March. Valuables must be
turned in at one of the govern
ment pawnshops in 68 German
cities for a price to be set by the
state.
President Urges
$124,000,000 for
'Critical'Army Items
$7,300,000 Earmarked
For Pilot Training
Program in Plan
By the Associated Press.
Immediately after his return from
the naval maneuvers in the Carib
bean. President Roosevelt asked
Congress yesterday for $124,000,000
to supply • critical items” of Army
equipment, strengthen seacoast de
fenses and train 20,000 civilian air
plane pilots.
The money would supplement the
$499,800,000 Army appropriation
which the House passed Friday and
sent to the Senate.
The President's request was trans
mitted in letters to Speaker Bank
head.
Of the total, $110,000,000 was ear
marked to provide the Army with
additional semi-automatic rifles,
anti-aircraft artillery, gas masks,
tanks, anti-tank guns, ammunition ,
and artillery; $6,539,287 to bolster
seacoast defenses and $7,300,000 for
the pilot-training program.
wants Funds Immediately.
The President recommended that
the funds for training young pilots
be made available immediately so
the Civil Aeronautics Authority ,
could get the program under way 1
at the beginning of the fiscal year j
starting July 1.
Budget Director Bell, in a letter
acompanving the President's com
munication, said the program was
designed to provide a trained reserve
of competent and efficient pilots “for
service in our expanding air trans
port system and in addition, form
an important adjunct to an ade
quate national defense."
For seacoast defenses the Presi
dent recommended that $3,295,631
be appropriated for Continental
United States installations; $766,284
for insular possessions and $1,416,
372 for the Panama Canal Zone.
These sums would be supplemented
by authorizations to make contracts
totaling $1,061,000, for which actual
appropriations would have to be
made later.
Details Are Kept Secret.
As was the case with a $7,250,000
item for seacoast defenses in the
Army supply bill approved by the '
House, details of how and where
the money would be spent were
kept secret.
The President disclosed, however,
that he intended to ask Congress
later for money to build a highway
across the Isthmus of Panama out
side the Canal Zone's boundaries.
Defense experts have contended
such a highway is essential for
adequate protection of the vital and
vulnerable canal—the Nation's “life ;
line.”
Included in the defense estimates
yesterday was a lone item of $47,000
for the Navy, to permit topographic
and hydrographic surveys of naval
air bases recommended by a special
naval board, some of which al
ready have been authorized by the
House. There also was a $400,000
item for modernization of two ships
which the Maritime Commission is
turning over to the Army for con
version into transports.
Clark Gable's Wife
Files for Divorce
By the Associated Press.
LAS VEGAS. Nev„ March 4.—The
divorce complaint of Maria P.
Gable against Clark Gable, Holly
wood movie actor, was filed with
the county clerk shortly before his
office closed at noon today.
The 49-year-old Mrs. Gable ar
rived here January 22 to establish
the six weeks residence necessary
for divorce under Nevada law. Hear
ing on the complaint has not been
set. but unofficially it was said the
case probably will be heard in Judge
William Orr’s chambers next Tues
day afternoon.
Mrs. Gable's six weeks residence
will be completed Monday.
Her complaint charged Gable,
who is 11 years younger, deserted
her in October, 1935.
The complaint also said the couple
was married at Santa Ana, Calif.,
June 19. 1931, had no children and
"no community property or prop
erty rights to be adjudicated in this
action.”
In their separation, they reached
a property settlement under which
she received $286,000 in three years.
Radio Programs, Page F-3
Complete Index, Page A-2
'Don Quixote/ Says
One Newspaper
In Germany
#
By the Associated Press.
LONDON. March 4.—President
Roosevelt's speech today attacking
‘ tyranny” and defending democracy
met general approval in Britain and
Prance, but drew fire from Nazi
Germany, where one newspaper
termed the President “the Don
Quixote of democracy.”
Britain's government - controlled
British Broadcasting Co. in approv
ing tones rebroadcast excerpts of
the speech in German and Italian,
particularly the references to "tyr
anny” and "the dark ages.”
Downright Lying Charged.
In Berlin, DNB, the official Ger
man news agency, in an account of
President Roosevelt's speech said
the President "turned from mis
representations and remarkable ‘in
terpretations’ to downright lies."
The account carried by DNB un
der a New York date line said "he
lied that religion is persecuted in
national? governed states so that
no one can ‘honor God in his own
wav.’ ”
Mr. Roosevelt in his address be
fore a joint session of Congress said:
"Where democracy is snuffed out
there, too. the right to worship God
in one's own way is circumscribed or
abrogated."
DNB ridiculed American press
freedom as “unlimited permission to
agitate and to insult.”
Statement Termed Impudent.
Terming the President's statement
on religion "impudent," DNB said
Mr. Roosevelt "relies apparently on
the ignorance of the American peo
ple. which, owing to the so-famed
‘press freedom,’ seldom is in a posi
tion to verify lies because news
papers may only publish a distorted
picture of the true situation under
the pressure of predominating fac
tors.1’
The agency commented in discuss
ing the election systems of democ
racies and authoritarian states:
"We do not want to convince Mr.
Roosevelt of the correctnes of our
state conception—we only insist that
he refrain from interfering in this
manner in our affairs.
"With 10.000,000 unemployed there
must be more pressing tasks * *
Compared to Don Quixote.
The Lokal Anzeiger. first Nazi
newspaper to comment, banner
lined the speech under a caption
which said: "Roosevelt Indulges in
Fresh Attacks.” It compared him
to the Spanish knight who attacked
windmills.
"We do not envy Mr. Roosevelt
and his friends for what they are
pleased to palm off as democracy.”
Lokal Anzeiger commented. “We
only are sorry for the American peo
ple that have to bear the conse
quences.”
The newspaper remarked that it
“is almost childish to hear the Presi
dent talk about centuries-old state
philosophies.
“He fails to understand that mod
ern nationalistic states, after sore
trials, have developed forms that
are new and unique," it added. “But
Roosevelt is proud of an old cliche
which in practice—and especially
his practice — has been riddled
i See REACTION, Page A-4.)
Thomas Denies 'God Save King'
Ended Singing of 'America'
Used Lowell Mason's
'Great Message' to
U. S., Star Says
By the Associated Press.
A rich, baritone “God Save the
King" was what radio listeners and
at least part of his congressional
audience thought John Charles
Thomas sang as the last line of
“America” in yesterday's commemo
ration of the first Congress—but the
operatic star says it isn't so.
"It sounded very much like that
to me,” said Representative Robert
son, Democrat, of Virginia as he left
the House chamber after the cere
monies.
“ill eat my hat if he didn’t say
’God Save the King !” was the way
another Congressman put it. “Amer
ica” and the British national anthem
are set to the same music.
“No. no. Nothing like that,” said
the singer, wrestling with his scarf
and overcoat as he rushed for a
train.
“X said nothing about ’God save
the king,” Mr. Thomas said later
on his arrival in New York. “The
words I used were written by the
late Lowell Mason and have been in
children's text books.”
He said he made the substitute
because "I think the words carry a
message, a great message to the
people today.”
The words he sang, he said, were
these:
God bless our native land
Firm may she ever stand
Through storm and night
When the wild tempest rave,
Ruler of wind and wave,
Do thou our country save
By thy great might.
For her our prayers shall rise
To God above the skies
On him we wait
Thou who art ever nigh
Guarding with watchful eye,
To thee aloud* we cry,
God save the state!
Not for this land alone
But be God's mercies shown
From shore to shore,
And may the Nation see
That men should brothers be,
And from one family
The wide world o’er.
The best-known words of “Amort
P
Dairy Head Held
As Police Seize
Truck of Cream
Test Case Planned;
5 Arrests Follow
Trail of Week
Five men, including the presi
dent of the Embassy-Fairfax Dairy,
were arrested last night and about
2,480 gallons of suspected "bootleg”
cream seized in a truck which local
detectives had trailed, they said, for
more than a week to Michigan, In
diana and back to Washington.
James Joseph Ward, 41, president
of the dairy, of 4704 Blagden ter
race N.W., was arrested by detectives
who said he met the truck in an
automobile at the District lme on
i the Baltimore boulevard ana es
corted it to the dairy at 1621 First
street N.W.
The official was charged early to
; day at the Eighth Precingt on four
separate charges of violating the
milk act of 1925. He was released
on $100 bond.
Mr. Ward denied that he escorted
the truck in from Maryland. He
said the first he knew of the case
was when.somebody called him from
his office and he was arrested at the
dairy. Mr. Ward declared he did
not know “what it was all about.”
j The arrests and seizure at the
local plant may develop into the
, first big test case of the 1925 Milk
Act regulating the production, in
spection and fcale of milk here.
Six Weeks Probe.
Corporation Counsel Elwood Seal,
who arrived at the plant shortly
after the arrests were made, de
dared: "If the facts are as they
appear I will recommend to the Dis
I trict Commissioners that the dairy's
permit be suspended.”
The airests climaxed six weeks of
intensive investigation since Supt.
of Police Ernest W. Brown assigned
four young plain clothesmen to the
case at request of Commissioner
Melvin C. Hazen and the Maryland
and Virginia Milk Producers' Asso
ciation. which complained that un
inspected milk from outside the
Washington area apparently was be
ing imported and sold for fluid use
Mr. Ward said last night the Milk
Producers' Association had been try
ing to get his company to join for
a long time.
Detectives said they watched the
248 10-gallon cans of milk seized
here loaded into the trailer truck at
a dairy at Lafayette, Ind., on
Wednesday afternoon.
I When they arrived here last night.
! the officers had "tagged" the truck
for eight days and nights, picking
i it up as it left Washington on Feb
Oiary 24. they said
I Mr. Seal said he was checking to
learn if the dairy at Lafayette had
a license to ship milk into the Dis
i trict.
The men arrested on the truck
were J. S. <Tedi Tobin. 3L. of Kala
mazoo. Mich., driver, and Max
Foster, mechanic.
Others held for investigation were
Charles Clifford Crose. 29, of Lafay
. ette. Inn., a mechanic, and John
Elmer Kreis. 37, of 5405 Worthing
ton drive. Westgate, Md.. superin
i tendent of the dairy garage,
j The investigation began last No
: vember after the Maryland and
Virginia Milk Producers' Associa
tion, an organization of 1.500 farm
ers who supply most of the milk and
cream for Washington consump
tion, slashed the cream price 10
cents a quart to combat competition
I 'See CREAM. Page A-5J
JOHN CHARLES THOMAS.
ca,” written by Samuel Francis
Smith, are as follows:
My country, ’tis of thee,
Sweet land of liberty,
Of thee I sing:
Land where my fathers died,
Land of the Pilgrims’ pride,
From every mountain side
Let freedom ring.
Our fathers’ God, to thee,
Author of liberty,
To thee I sing:
Long may our land be bright
With freedom’* holy light;
Protect us by Thy might.
Great God, our King!
"ALL THE WORLD LOVES A LOVER"
India Is Seething
With Indignation
At Gandhi’s Fast
Messages Pouring In on
British From All
Over Country
BACKGROUND—
Mohandas K. Gandhi controls
India's millions and his hunger
strikes in the past have turned
India into a cauldron of indigna
tion and unrest. Last week he
became involved in controversy
•vith the ruler of Rajkot State
over demand that the people be
given a voice in government.
After seeking by negotiation to
persuade the ruler to yield. Gan
dhi on Friday began a hunger
strike "even unto death." he said,
to win the controversy.
Bs the Associated Press.
RAJKOT. India. March 4— Mes
sages from all over India poured in
on British authorities today urging
immediate intervention to stop the
"fast unto death" of Mohandas K.
Ghandi before it led to dangerous
consequences.
As the shriveled. 69-vear-old mas
ter politician, whose influence is a
potent force on India's millions,
ended his second foodless day his
vitality was reported low.
The health minister of the Bom
bay presidency flew here to watch
his health, fragile even before he
! began his sixth hunger strike to
persuade the native ruler of Rajkot
State, Thakore Saheb Shri Dliar
mendrasinhji, to give its people a
: voice in the government.
Bombay Business Stops.
Most business in Bombay was at
a standstill during the day. The
Bombay stock exchange and cotton
market closed after prices declined
and traders became fearful of a
slump because of the unsettled po
litical situation.
The Congress party '(Indian Na
tionalist) government of the United
Provinces telegraphed King George
Vi s viceroy of India, the Marquess
of Linlithgow, urging him to inter
vene. It warned that if anything
should happen to Ghandi “we con
sider the ultimate responsibility
yours.”
The Congress party issued a state
mem threatening the resignation of
all Congress party governments un
less the viceroy acted within 24
hoyrs. The party also sent a tele
gram to the Marquess of Zetland.
Britain's secretary of state for
India, urging immediate British
intervention and warning that "dis
astrous consequences” might result
from any delay.
Intervention Held Essential
“No option is left to the para
mount power (Britain), but to in
tervene forthwith to avoid what may
be the catastrophic result of the
obstinate attitude of the ruler of
Rajkot, based on the advice of
parties reputed to be irresponsible,”
the Federation of Indian Chambers
of Commerce telegraphed Lord Lin
lithgow.
The bald little spiritual leader
was permitted to see no visitors.
Gandhi, who has had no nourish
ment since he sipped a cup of hot
goat's milk at'noon Friday, still was
determined not to eat until the ruler
of this Western India state meets
his demands for administrative re
forms.
Rajkot officials were equally firm
in rejecting Gandhi's demands and
in insisting that the ruler “takes no
responsibility” for any trouble grow
ing out of the spiritual leader’s hun
ger strike.
“He is now presenting the Thakore
Saheb with utterly impossible terms
and has precipitated a serious cri
sis,” said a statement by the Rajkot
State Advisory Council.
Pope Is Urged to Call
Easter Peace Parley
Br the Associated Press.
LONDON, March 4. — George
Lansbury, Labor member of Parlia
ment, wrote to Pope Pius XII today,
appealing to him to call a world
peace conference in Palestine during
the Easter season.
Mr Lansbury urged the pontiff to
call together Christian and Jewish
religious leaders to "discuss in what
way pressure may be brought upon
the statesmen of the world” to end
the armaments race. •
Judge Sykes Expected to Quit
Communications Body April I
Decision to Resign
Will Upset Majority
On Commission
Bv WILLIAM J. WHEATLEY.
Judge Eugene O. Sykes, one of the
oldest officials in point of service in
the regulation of radio, is expected
to leave the Federal Communications
Commission about April 1. His
resignation, it is understood, will
go to President Roosevelt within the
next few days.
Questioned about his intentions
yesterday, Judge Sykes merely said
that, in his opinion, it would be im
proper for a commissioner to an
nounce his resignation until it had
been tendered to the President and
had been accepted.
The decision of the former head
of the radio commission to resign
his post has been a closely guarded
secret, because of Judge Sykes' de
sire to have the President get the •
information first, but the matter
leaked out. He plans, it was said, !
to enter the private practice of law
here with a former general counsel
of the communications commission.
His present term does not expire
until next year.
The news of his plan to leave the
Pius XII to Revive
Old Tradition in
Outdoor Coronation
At Least T 50,000 to
Be Able to See
Ceremonies
By the Associated Press.
VATICAN CITY. March 4 —Pope
Pius XII, whose election departed
from many ancient church tradi
tions, today restored one by ar- j
ranging for his coronation to be
held out of doors.
The ceremony next Sunday. March
12. will take place on the outside j
balcony of St. Peter's after a pon
tifical mass inside the Basilica.
At least 150.000 persons will be
able to witness the coronation from
St. Peter's Square and from adja- |
cent streets in Rome, just outside
of Vatican City.
Popes regularly followed this pro
cedure until they became voluntary
“prisoners of the Vatican” in pro
test over the Italian state's expro
priation of the Holy See's temporal
possessions in 1870.
Pius IX Followed Custom Last.
Pope Pius IX. who ascended the
throne of St. Peter in 1846, was
the last to observe the custom. The
new pontiff's predecessor. Pope Pius
XI. was crowned inside the Basilica.
But he was the last of the papal
prisoners and made his first ap
pearance on the balcony In 1929
after the Lateran accord had re
conciled state and church.
When the pontifical mass is fin
ished, the Holy Father will be car
ried from the Basilica on a portable
throne. He will ascend a tempo
rary throne erected on the balcony
and there receive the golden triple
tiara from the hands of Camillo
Cardinal Caccia-Dominioni, dean of
the Order of Deacons.
It was Cardinal Caccia-Dominioni
who, last Thursday, proclaimed to
the throngs before St. Peter's that
the secret conclave of cardinals
had elected Eugenio Cardinal Pa
celli as 262d Pope of the Holy Ro
man Chureh.'
Confer* on Second Day.
Soon after the coronation, possi
bly on the following Sunday, March
19, which is St. Joseph’s festival,
the pontiff is expected to leave the
Vatican for the first tin>. since his
accession and take possession of the
Basilica of St. John Lateran, the
Pope’s cathedral ar Bishop of
Rome.
Pope Pius’ day, the second full
day of his reign, was taken up with
conferences with members of the
hierarchy as he stttled into the
routine of administering the vast
affairs of the churih.
Intimates »«id he still was fa
tigued from the emotional strain
of the conclave and the recent
weeks of responsibility during which
he served a» administrator in the
interregnum between the death of
Pope Pius XI and his own election.
JUDGE EUGENE O SYKES. _
communications regulatory body at
this time is expected to create some
thing of a stir, especially during this
period when the commission is under
Are from many fronts. He has been
'See SYKES. Page A-6.1
Citizens' Federation
Indorses Overton
Fiscal Proposal
Support Voted, 37-13;
Move t<^ Ask Bigger
U. S. Fund Fails
The Federation of Citizens’ Asso
ciations. after a lively, lengthy de
bate. voted its support last night of
the Overton plan for adjusting fiscal
relations between the Federal and
District Governments.
The debate centered around the
question of whether the plan—pro
posed by Senator Overton, Democrat,
of Louisiana—was adequate. Some
members, led by Jesse C. Suter.
maintained that the Federation
should demand more from the Fed
eral Government than the approx
imate $8,000,000 provided for in the
bill.
Others, led by L. A. Carruthers.
president of the Federation, main
tained that the Overton plan repre
sented a step in the right direction
and held that the group would
only endanger the chances of this
bill if it insisted on amendments
increasing the Federal contribur
tion to the city.
Vote Is 37 to 13.
The decisive vote settling the is
sue was 37 to 13 in favor of accept
ing the Overton plan with no strings
attached. The plan provides that
the Federal Government make a
contribution to the District each
year based on the amount of land
it owns in the city.
The issue was raised when the
Fiscal Committee, of which A. M.
Edwards is chairman, made its re
port. Mr. Suter, who headed a sub
committee charged with reviewing
the bill, read the committee's report.
Mr. Suter recounted the detailed
history of fiscal relations between
the District and the Federal Gov
ernment. He spoke favorably of the
60-40 plan, which was organic law
until last ye.r, and stated that it
wac the cbmmittee’s belief that Con
gress hs*l violated the law in recent
years when, instead of donating 40
per cent wf the District’s running
expenses, it cut the Federal share to
$5,000,000.
He declared that the Overton plan
was ‘‘the brightest ray of hope on the
District's fiscal horizon,” but said
that it did not go fat enough. Mr.
Suter then read the committee’s
recommendations:
1. That Senator Overton be
commended for his friendly interest
in District affairs.
3. That the Federation approve
the Overton bill, so modified as to
apply the ratio of payment by the
United States to the total amount
of the appropriations, instead of
only the general fund.
Having completed the report, Mr.
Suter introduced an amendment,
which he explained represented his
(See FEDERATION, Page A-10.)
Visiting Doctors
To Regain Status
At Gallinger
D. C. Commissioners
Are Prepared to
Cut Residents' Control
BACKGROUND—
For long time Gallinger Hos
pital has been center of contro
versy over lack of personnel and
facilities for a rapidly increasing
number of patients. More re
cently there has been disagree
ment over who should have con
trol of major wards—visiting
physicians from George Wash
ington and Georgetown Univer
sities or the five chief resident
physicians appointed last July.
By DON S. WARREN.
Settlement of controversy over
control of major wards at Gallinger
Municipal Hospital appeared im
minent last night. The Commis
sioners are prepared to approve a
plan under which jurisdiction would
be returned to visiting physicians,
under certain stipulations, it was
learned.
This plan, drafted by Richard
Mackenzie, hospital organization
specialist engaged a week ago by the
Commissioners to seek a solution,
provides that the five chief resident
physicians, appointed to the Gal
linger staff last July, shall be con
tinued in service, but their powers
modified.
Spokesmen for the medical schools
of George Washington and George
town Universities will have won
their contest with Health Officer
George C. Ruhland, if the plan fin
ally is adopted in its present form,
since the five resident physicians no
longer would have control over the
visiting staffs from the medical
schools.
National Society Approves.
It was stated in reliable quarters,
also, that the plan of organization
suggested by Mr. Mackenzie has
been given the full support of offi
cials of the American College of
Surgeons, the American Hospital
Association and the American Medi
cal Association.
As disclosed exclusively In The
Star yesterday. Mr. Mackenzie, ac
companied by Dr. Cloyd Heck Mar
vin. president of George Washing
ton University, made a special trip
to Chicago several days ago to seek
the advice of officials of these na
tional groups.
The Commissioners may adopt a
new agreement between the District
and authorities of the universities
tomorrow or Tuesday. District offi
| cials said yesterday the city heads
had not yet seen the final draft of
the plan recommended by Mr.
Mackenzie. However, they were given
a general picture of the proposal
during a conference with Mr Mae
• kenzie Friday and authorized Cor
poration Counsel Elwood H. Seal and
Auditor Daniel J. Donovan to work
with Mr. Mackenzie in the final
i drafting work.
The Commissioners are expected
to approve the plan within a day or
two. Hearings by a subcommittee of
j the House District Committee, which
j has dealt with this issue, are ex
| pected to continue, however, since
| there are other Gallinger problems
I which have aroused the concern of
committee members. One of the
! most serious of these is the asserted
lack of sufficient personnel, particu
| larly in nurses, attendants and
I others, to meet the increasing daily
' population of the institution.
Session Set Tuesday.
Representative Bates, Democrat,
of Kentucky, chairman of the sub
committee, has scheduled another
session for Tuesday at 10 a.m., at
which testimony is to be given by
Dr. Martha Eliot, assistant chief of
the United States Children's Bu
reau. and possibly by physicians from
the staff of the Medical School of
Howard University.
A session of the hearing scheduled
for yesterday morning was post
poned because members of the com
mittee. other than Mr Bates, were
unable to attend.
The Mackenzie plan, officials said,
would give full recognition to Health
Officer Ruhland as the legally re
sponsible head of Gallinger Hospi
tal. His position in this regard had
not been challenged by Dr. Marvin
or by the Very Rev. Arthur O'Leary.
S. J.. president of Georgetown Uni
versity.
Also, it was explained, the Mac
kenzie plan would give recognition
to the five full-time resident phy
sicians, appointed last July at the
request of Dr. Ruhland, although
the treasure of their jurisdiction
would be limited. It was made clear
that neither Dr. Marvin or Father
O'Leary have urged that these resi
dent physicians be discharged.
The proposed “contract” between
(See GALLINGER, Page A-6)
Kayak II, Bull Lea
Win Race Classics
Two of Americas most im
portant horse races—one of
. them the richest race in the
world—were staged yesterday,
one in California, the other in
Florida.
A stunning upset was re
corded at Hialeah Park, near
Miami, when Stagehand, a 7
to-20 favorite, finished third in
the $50,000 Widener Challenge
Cup. The race was won by the
Calumet Farm's Bull Lea, pay
ing $15.20.
The fifth running of the
$100,000 Santa Anita Handicap
in California was won by Ka
yak II, a South American-bred
colt owned by Charles S. How
ard. Seablscuit, his stablemate,
had been withdrawn due to an
injury. The winner, the 3-to-l
favorite, broke the track rec
ord. covering the mile and a
quarter in 2:01%.
(further details In Sports
section.)

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