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McNary and Martin
Hail Restoration of Congress' Power G. 0. P. Leaders Speak in Sesquicentennial Broadcast , t! the Aisoelated Press. Republican leaders last night hailed their party's increased strength in Congress as an indica tion of the vigor and endurance of democracy and of the American people's determination to maintain the form of government they have had for 150 years. Speaking on a broadcast program commemorating the sesquicentennial anniversary of the first Congress, Senator McNary of Oregon and Rep resentative Martin of Massachusetts, the Senate and House minority lead ers, said the economic distress of the last few years had led Congress to surrender some of its independ ence and vote great discretionary powers to the Chief Executive. But the American people heeded in last fall's elections, Senator Mc Nary said, admonitions against turn ing power over to one man and •'undertook to redress the balance ©f authority in the National Govern ment." "This they did by greatly reduc ing the swollen power of one party in Congress. Thus on the birthday of Congress we find that body re verting to its traditional independ ence. We find again general' ac ceptance of the principle on which our Government is built, namely, that 'deliberative forces should pre vail over the arbitrary.’ ” No Longer "Rubber Stamp.” Representative Martin said the people always had taken a hand when Congress "has surrendered its rights and independence.” "Our rejoicing over the survival for 150 years of our form of govern ment is made more hearty,” he added, "by the thought that again Congress is returning to its tradi tional place of independence. No longer can it be said that Congress is a ‘rubber stamp' body for any one. No more do we hear of ‘must programs' to be enacted, irrespec tive of what the majority in Con gress thinks about them. "With the restoration of Con gress and our Government to a constitutional basis, I venture the prediction that it will not be long before America goes forward again to a better and higher standard of living and to a happiness and contentment greater than any we have previously enjoyed. * * * The people know they are now safe from unwise and fantastic experiments. Solutions for all our problems can be found within the framework of 1 our traditional American Govern ment and it is only when we depart from the basis that we remain in chaotic and troubled waters.” Brake on Hasty Action. Senator McNary said the ad vantages of the representative sys tem of government were illustrated in the means by which governments formulate their foreign policies. For some peoples, he said, "the decisions which may plunge them into bloodshed are made behind closed doors by a few men.” He added: "Here under our representative system of government such vital policies are hammered out on the anvils of legislative debate. The presence in the Nation of an alert and vigilant Congress is an anti dote against secrecy in the formula tion of foreign policy. Moreover, it constitutes a brake on hasty or ill-considered action. "Thus if this country again is forced to take up arms—and may God forbid—our people at least wiil know the reasons and causes for such a course.” Americans Called Fortunate. Representative Wadsworth, Re publican, of New York, speaking on another radio program, said United States citizens "are a fortunate people, envied by all the world.” “The Government of the United States,” he said “lives today as the oldest government in the world. "No abandonment of its fundamental principles has occurred. No sub stantial change in its structure has been brought about. • • • "Compare this picture with what you see in Europe and Asia. • • * There wre see in many places com plete denial of all those things which we have been led to believe are pre cious and for which human beings have struggled for centuries.” Howard U. Announces Commerce Day Speaker Jesse B. Blayton of Atlanta will be guest speaker at the annual commerce day celebration sponsored by the Commerce Club of Howard University Wednesday at 1 p.m. in the university chapel. Co-operating with the university's club are the Washington Chamber of Commerce, the Washington So ciety of Accountancy and the de partment of business practice of the colored divisions of the public school system. , The address by Mr. Blayton will be followed at 3:30 p.m. by a round table discussion of "Community Or ganization for Better Business.” Mr. Blayton. a public accountant, will also speak at a semi-formal banquet in Sojourner Truth Hall at the university at 8 p.m. A brief meeting of the Washington Chamber of Commerce will precede the dinner. The committee on arrangements Includes Thomas W. Parks, presi dent, and Frank W. Adams, secre tary, of the Washington Chamber of Commerce; A. L. De Mond of the public schools department of busi ness practice for the colored divi sions; Naylor Fitzhugh of the Wash ington Society of Accountancy and Edgar Davis, president of the Com merce Club of the university. Greater Penalties Sought For Guilty Judges B» the Associated Press. Representative Anderson, Repub lican, of California has proposed a bill to increase penalties for mal feasance on the part of Federal Judges. The bill would make it punishable by a fine of not less than $50,000 nor more than $100,000 and impris onment for not less than 15 years. Under existing law, judges may be fined not more than $20,000 or im prisoned for not more than 15 years. CONGRESS CELEBRATES 150th ANNIVERSARY—A general view of the joint session of Congress yesterday when President Roosevelt spoke on the 150th anniversary. Before him in the front row sat members of the Supreme Court and cabinet. They are, left to right, C. E. Cropley, coArt clorh? Justice Frankfurter, Justice Reed, Justice Black, Justice Roberts, Justice Stone, Justice Butler, Justice Mc Reynolds. Chief Justice Hughes, Secretary Hull, Secretary Morgen thau, Secretary Woodring and Attorney General Murphy. Getting a Forum Big Problem Of First Congress in 1789 Only Eight Senators Appeared at Start, But Entreaties Brought More Later By JOHN J. DALY. I On March 5, 1789. which fell on a Thursday, a spritely gentlemanj whose penmanship resembled steel engraving sat down at an old-fash ioned desk and inscribed in a ledger book the proceedings of the first ses sion of the first United States Senate. That was in New York City. Yesterday, in the Senate Library, many members of the 76th session of the Senate took time off to visit the shrine where this old folio is j encased. And they remarked about j the beautiful penmanship, like cop- ; per plate. Somewhere about the middle of the folio the original keeper of the first Senate's records grew tired, or he W'as replaced by another penman, and the handwriting from there on is ’not so good." as one legislator remarked. Nevertheless, what that handwrit ing records is of supreme importance to this Government, for it tells a story of great human interest—the struggle the early fathers had in assembling a quorum. Up to March 4. 1789, the destinies of the young Republic were in the hands of the Continental or Revolutionary Con gress. For 14 years that assemblage had functioned, through the dreari ness of war and the unsettled condi tions that followed peace and the formation of the Union proper. First Session of Congress. Then came this first session of the Congress under the Constitution— and it looked for awhile as if they might never get together. At the beginning, only eight Senators put in appearance—and they were forced to adjourn from day to day because they could not get a quorum. They were stalwart men and patient, and their names are in the history books: John Langdon, Paine Wingate, Caleb Strong, William S. Johnson, Oliver Ellsworth, who framed the first ju diciary bill, and Robert Morris, who had helped finance the Revolution. They worked like day laborers, for $6 a day. Later they got a flat salary of *1,500 a year; but that was not until 1816. Day after day. from March 4 to April 6, these men met and still they could not get a quorum. They had patience, but it was on the verge of cracking. So on March 11 they sat down and penned a Joint note to the absent members, among them Charles Carroll of Carrollton, John Henry, Richard Henry Lee, Pierce Butler and others to the number of 12. Said the circular letter: "Sir: nsieeauiy me wmsuiuuun oi the United States. 8 members; of the Senate and 18 of the House of Representatives have attended here since March 4. It being of the utmost importance that a quorum sufficient to proceed to business be assembled as soon as possible, It is the opinion of the gentlemen of both houses that information of their situation be immediately com municated to the absent members. “We apprehend that no arguments are necessary to evince to you the Indispensable necessity of putting the government into immediate operation: and therefore earnestly request that you will be so obliging as to attend as soon as possible. “We have the honor to be, sir, (Signed by the aforegoing names.) Continue Absent. The 12 tardy members of the Sen ate continued absent, however, so on March 18, 1789, the faithful eight got together again and, without benefit of quorum, dispatched an other circular letter to "the absent brothers.” This one read; "Sir: “We addressed a letter to you the 11th inst. since which no Senator has arrived. The House of Repre sentatives will probably be formed in two or three days. Your pres ence is indispensably necessary. We therefore again earnestly request your immediate attendance, and we are confident you will not suffer our and the public anxious expec tation to be disappointed. “Your obedient servants, • Signed by the same)." That letter did the trick. By horseback and carriage the1 absent members of the Senate plied themselves to New York—and on April 6 there was a quorum. It turned out to be a momentuous quorum, too, for on that day and | date they got together and elected ! a President of the United States, i George Washington; a Vice Presi dent, John Adams, and a Speaker of the House, Frederick William' Muhlenburg. So, after quite a bit of delay, the Government got away to a flying start. All of this is recorded in the an cient Journal, now neatly restored to its pristine glory—the book writ ten in the 13th year of the Inde pendence of the United States. It reposes in the Senate Library. - ! S. P. Burke to Address Columbia Alumni Stephen P. Burke, consulting chemical engineer and holder of the Columbia University conspicuous alumni service medal, will discuss "Columbia Alumni in the Devel opment of the University's Inter ests" Saturday before a luncheon meeting* of the Columbia University Alumni Association of Washington at the Young Women's Christian Association Building. According to Lt. Col. Lester O. Wilson, president of the organiza tion, plans are to be offered at the luncheon for formation of an execu tive committee to represent the 17 schools of the university in delibera tions of the association officers. All Columbia alumni in the city are invited to attend. Dies Listens Over Radio To Congress Ceremony Propped up on pillow?, Represent ative Martin Dies listened to Con gress commemorate its 150th anni versary yesterday by means of a small radio near his bedside. The Texas Representative, who was recently dismissed from Emer gency Hospital, where he underwent an appendectomy, is recuperating at his home, 1625 Hobart street. “The bandages and stitches were removed Friday and he's doing pret ty well,” Mrs. Dies said. “But he gets very restless being cooped up so closely,” she added. Dr. Elliott Campbell described Mr. Dies’ condition as “satisfactory” and said he probably would return to his office in another week. Mrs. Merryman Back NEW YORK, March 4 (IP).—The Duchess of Windsor’s “Aunt Bessie,” Mrs. D. Buchanan Merryman of Washington, arrived on the liner Manhattan last night after a month’s visit with the Duke and Duchess at Antibes, Prance. She said as far as she knew they did not plan to come to this country. TERMITES Most of our jobs come throush the recommendation of our customers. Fret Imvection Guaranteed Treatment TERMITE CONTROL CO. A Wtthlnoton-Ownei Company w W. O. Pruitt. Mar. Kutl. Press Bite. VsU. STli “Atk Our Customers" Partner in Hutton Firm Suspended By S. E. C. Action Is Discontinued Against Others in Atlas Tax Case By the Associated Press. The Securities and Exchange Commission discontinued yesterday its proceedings against the New York Stock Exchange firm of W. E. Hutton & Co., but suspended a partner of the firm from his exchange mem- j berships for three months. The S. E. C. had charged that the ' Hutton firm and others used instru- 1 mentalities of interstate commerce to create "false and misleading" ap pearance of active trading in the stock of Atlas Tack Corp. on the New York Stock Exchange. In an order issued November 13, 1936, the S. E. C. named as respond ents the firm. John Christie Dun can, Carroll V. Geran, Wiliam E. Hutton, 2d, and H. H. Michels. Mr. Michels is a member of the San Francisco brokerage firm of William Cavalier & Co., but the Cavalier firm was not involved in the commission's allegations. Hutton Is Suspended. Although the S. E. C. discontinued its proceedings against the Hutton firm, it ordered that William E. Hut ton, 2d, be suspended from member ship in national securities exchanges for three months, beginning March 15. Under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, a partner of a broker age firm is deemed a member of those exchanges to which the firm belongs. Mr. Hutton thus will be suspended from the New York Stock Exchange. The New York Curb Exchange, the Philadelphia Stock Exchange, the Detroit Stock Exchange, the Chicago Stock Exchange, the Baltimore Stock Exchange, the Cincinnati Stock Ex change and the Chicago Board of Trade. One Month Suspension. The commission also ordered that Mr. Michels be suspended for one month, beginning March 15, from the New York Stock Exchange, the New York Curb Exchange and the Chicago Board of Trade. Proceed ings against Mr. Duncan and Mr. Geran were discontinued. The commission's order said Jerry McCarthy, formerly a customer’s man in the Detroit office of the Hut ton company, “has been suspended from employment because of the charges • * • and has not been re employed and will not be re employed by W. E- Hutton & Co. | ON RECORD / HAVE I 97,602 nIMel eaatonera. Thia la paaltWe proal •t oar reliability ANY MAKE WATCH , • fflsfli"* J.F. ADAMS • Balaam Baled a DeMarnetied a Hair Sprint Adjaitrd Guarantees ana rear 1 Bm Wum BRING THIS COUPON Any Shape 4Q. Crystal... Main 1Ea TraSa Hark Sprin*— ■ ** Waahlattan’e Larraat Wateh Oa. J. F. ADAMS 104 t St. N.W. Nat. 20S2 Center Site for Auditorium Favored by Bishop Freeman Dr. Charles B. Campbell Prefers ’ East Cap.itol Street Location j This is the 22d ,of a series of articles dealing with the audi t,->rium-stadium problem now be fore Congress. Further discus sion will follow, and the opin ions of readers are invited. - Right Rev. James E. Freeman. Bishop of Washington, indorse* the Municipal Center site for the audi torium. This was made known today in a letter to The Star, which rAds. in part: “In view of the monumental structures now erected on Constitu tion avenue and. furthermore, in view of the fact that this is near the center of the city and that avenues Df approach are broad and ample. I am disposed to think that the loca tion of this municipal auditorium might well be the one selected by the Secretary of the Interior and the Capital Auditorium Commis sion.’’ Bishop Freeman believes that “the question of accessibility is a very important one.’’ “Of course,” he says, “I assume that such a building in dignity and architecture will be commensurate with the other splen did buildings erected for Federal purposes on Constitution avenue. “Washington has become increas ingly a convention city and at the present time there are no adequate facilities to house not only conven tions but great meetings that occur from time to time here in the city.” The armory and sports center de velopment, in Bishop Freeman’s judgment, “should be a project apart.” Dr. Charles B. Campbell, chair man of the Public Health Committee of the Federation of Citizens’ Asso ciations, representing a different opinion, prefers the East Capitol street site. “My reaction,” he writes. ' “is that the auditorium should be placed in some location in the Dis- | trict of Columbia where parking, bus and railroad facilities are available.” j The Mount Pleasant Citizens' As sociation, Dr. Campbell reports, for a number of years has advocated placing Government buildings in the suburbs in order to relieve conges tion in the downtown area. “The Public Health Laboratory and the Cancer Experimental Laboratory,” he says, “are now being built near Bethesda, Md. This is a move in the right direction." Dr. Campbell explains: “I am in favor of building a stadium, sports center, armory and auditorium at the end of East Capitol street. It would be easily reached by automo bile, street car and bus; also a spur of the railroad could be built to bring visitors to the stadium and auditorium when events would draw large crowds from out of the city. 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