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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, March 06, 1939, Image 1

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Weather Forecast First jn Washington
Fair and much colder tonight and to- , ,
morrow, with lowest temperature about rirst in the news coverage that
32 degrees tonight; fresh west and builds public confidence—First in
northwest winds. Temperatures today— __, _ , .. .
Highest, 68. at 2 a.m.; lowest, 59, at 7 circulation and advertising that
a m.; 63 at 2 p.m. Full report, page A-2. reflect public confidence.
__Closing New York Morkets, Poge 12._ _ (JP) M,.n, Ataoeiated Pr,„.
1 T> XT o | /no Entered as aecond class natter
o/tn xHiAlX. JNO. post office, Washington, D. C. THREE CENTS
President Held
Favoring Early
End of Session
Roosevelt Takes
Charge of Drive
To Aid Business
BACKGROUND—
Latest Nero Deal development
is vigorous drive to appease busi
ness. President Roosevelt and
Secretary of the Treasury
Morgenthau led off by saying
there should be no new taxes next
year. Secretary of Commerce
* Hopkins made a plea for busi
ness co-operation, saying most
of New Deal’s reforms are over.
From the growing economy bloc
in Congress have Come demands
that the New Deal retrench
financially.
• ~~~~~~
By the Associated Press.
President Roosevelt, who has taken
personal charge of the administra
tion's campaign to stimulate busi
ness, gave White House callers the
impression today that he is willing
for Congress to adjourn as soon as
it clears up its current slate.
Representative Rayburn of Texas,
House majority leader and one of
the Congress chieftains at the weekly
White House conference, said Mr.
Roosevelt reiterated that he had'
nothing new to submit to Congress.
On that basis. Representative Ray
burn predicted a "reasonably early”
adjournment.
speaker tsanknead, who attended
the conference, said afterward that !
with all the recent "reassurances" !
from the administration, business !
should be justified in "going ahead."
He told newsmen that the Iowa
address of Secretary Hopkins, recent
statements by Secretary Morgenthau
< and repeated assertions that no new
taxes wore in prospect should assure
business of "new co-operation on the
part of the Government.”
To Do All Within Reason.
“The President and the whole
administration and Congress are*
anxious for co-operation in getting
off what we might call dead center
for investment of new capital,”
Speaker Bankhead said.
“The policy of the administration
Is to do everything within reason
to help, without abandoning its pro
gram for social reform which I think
most of the country accepts."
What went on in the conference,
ho one would say. Those attending
did have an opportunity to discuss j
an economy bloc contention that ,
only by reducing expenditures can
the Government create industrial
confidence. Mr. Roosevelt's calling
in of the party leaders was the first !
of two actions having a bearing on 1
business improvement.
second, ne nxea cne opening meei- j
lng of the C. I. O.-A. F. of L. Peace
Committee for 2:30 p.m. tomorrow.
It probably will be devoted to ar
ranging procedure for the negotia
tions. Secretary of Labor Perkins
Is expected to attend with the con
ferees.
President Has No Proposals.
Miss Perkins said today she ex
pected President Roosevelt would
■ “bestow his blessing" on the propec
tive negotiations.
Talking to reporters after a 30
mmute chat with Mr. Roosevelt, she
said the President would offer no
proposals of his own tomorrow, but
probably would talk to the rival
negotiating committees about the ef
fect the labor movement division
has had on outside conditions.
The Secretary said she had re- |
ceived 199 joint C. I. O.-A. F. of L. j
resolutions supporting Mr. Roose
velt's effort to bring the rival labor
factions together.
The immediate legislation sought
by the economy advocates is a re- 1
vision of business taxes. Secretary
Morgenthau Saturday promised
Senator Harrison, Democrat, of
Mississippi and Representative
Doughton, Democrat, of North Caro
lina that the Treasury would make
recommendations as soon as possible !
after March 15 tax returns are can
vassed.
Controversy Threatens.
Activities of Senator Harrison's
group, however, threatened to pre- 1
cipitate a controversy with admin
istration proponents of continued
spending that may speedily relegate
to the background the Senate argu
ment over foreign policy and the
defense program.
Tire Federal Reserve Board, mean
while, contended that “greater pub
lic expenditures’’ were needed to
start a business upturn.
The board, headed by Marriner
S. Eccles, a leading advocate of gov
ernment spending, said in its
monthly bulletin released today that
industrial prodution now is about
even with national consumption.
“A further growth in activity,”
the bulletin said, “appears to de
pend on an increase in consumption
(See BUSINESS, Page A-3.)
Library Head Testifies
' On Building Plans *
The status of plans for the new
Public Library Building to be erected
on the north side of Pennsylvania
between Fourth and Sixth streets
N.W. was discussed today by Dr.
George F. Bowerman. librarian, be
fore the House District Subcommit
tee on Appropriations when it re
sumed executive hearings on the
1940 budget.
One library item in the budget
would appropriate an unexpended
balance of $60,000 carried in the
current Appropriation Act for prep
aration of plans for the new build
ing. There is now before the Bud
get Bureau a supplemental item, ap
proved by the Commissioners, calling
for an appropriation of $350,000 to
begin construction of the first unit
of the building.
Dr. Bowerman and Capt. Herbert
C. Whitehurst, director of highways,
were the principal witness. The
'hearings will be resumed tomorrow
at 10 a m., when estimates of the
Sewer Department will be consid
ered.
President Names Col. Watson
To White House Secretariat
Military Aide to
Take Post Vacated
By Son James
By J. RUSSELL YOUNG.
Col. Edwin M. Watson, U. S. A.,
who has been White House military
aide throughout the Roosevelt ad
ministration, has been chosen by
President Roosevelt to succeed
James Roosevelt as one of his three
presidential secretaries.
In making this announcement to
day the White House said the Presi
dent will nominate Col. Watson to
be a brigadier general in the Army
on March 31 and on the day fol
lowing the colonel will retire and
take over hjs duties in the White
House secretariat
He has just returned to Washing
ton with the President from the
latter’s Caribbean cruise and will
devote his time from now until his
appointment as White House secre
tary, familiarizing himself with the
duties of that office. His secretary
ship is generally classified as the
White House liaison officer. He will'
serve as a link between the White
House and the Federal agency heads.
He also will continue the work start
ed by James Roosevelt aimed at bet
ter co-ordination of governmental
activities, particularly in the emer
gency agencies. James Roosevelt
resigned his secretarial position last
November.
Col. Watson, who has a war
COL. EDWIN M. WATSON.
_—Associated Press Photo.
record as a field artilleryman, is one
of the most popular military men
in Washington. He was chief aide
to the late Admiral Cary T. Grayson
when the latter was chairman of
the President’s Inaugural Com
mittee in 1932. A few weeks after
becoming President Mr. Roosevelt
had the War Department assign Col.
Watson as chief military aide and j
(See WATSON, Page A^3.)
Ickes Doubts Unity
Possible Under New
Public Works Bureau
Questions Certain
Grouping of Activities
Before Senate Committee
BACKGROUND—
Criticism of administration of
relief funds reached climax in
political campaigns last pear.
Senate committee investigating
charges of political use of funds
severely criticised some prac
tices. Movement began to over
haul relief system. Senator
Byrnes of South Carolina led
tvith measure now before com
mittee to consolidate public
works agencies and liberalize
social security benefits.
By J. A. O’LEARY.
Creation of a new department of
public works would be desirable if
all Government construction could
be brought under it. Public Works
Administrator Harold L. Ickes told
the Senate Unemployment Commit
tee today, but he expressed grave
doubt complete unification could be
accomplished by legislation.
He expressed doubt also whether
relief activities should be combined
with the new public works agency,
particularly such agencies as the
National Youth Administration and
the Civilian Conservation Corps.
The pending bill sponsored by
Chairman Byrnes, Democrat, of
South Carolina would place in the
Public Works Department the P. W.
A., the W. P. A., N. Y. A.. C. C. C.
and the Public Building Section of
the Procurement Division of the
Treasury.
Explains Position.
“I have been persuaded for a long
time there ought to be a permanent
public works agency in the Govern
ment,” said Secretary Ickes.
“It grew out of my experience in
P. W. A. since 1933. This unem
ployment problem is not a temporary
thing, but more or less permanent
because of certain technological and
other factors. In time of prosperity
the agency could plan public works,
like the general staff of the Army
makes plans in time of peace. When
signs of depression appear in any
part of the country the resources of
the Federal Public Works Agency
could be thrown in there.”
As to a new department combin
ing the agencies mentioned in the
pending bill, the Interior Secretary
said he was not prepared to com
mit himself in explanation, he
added:
“I have favored a public works
department with cabinet status, if
you could combine in it all of the
construction work of the Govern
ment.”
He said he has “a grave suspicion
of doubt” whether an agreement
could be obtained to bring in all of
the Government construction.
Secretary Ickes testified at the
outset that he does not know the
administration’s attitude toward this
particular bill.
Secretary Ickes suggested com
plete unification of all Government
construction could be brought about
by passing the reorganization bill
(SeeUNEMPLOYMENT, Page A-3.)
Goldwyn Abandons
Plans for Film on
Cavalier Crash
By the Associated Press.
HOLLYWOOD, March 6.—
Sam Goldwyn heeded informal
objections from Washington
today by announcing he had
canceled plans to film “Thir
teen Go Flying,” based on the
recent crash of the flying boat
Cavalier.
Mr. Goldwyn was informed
the story would be detrimental
to transoceanic aviation.
He declined to identify the
sources which protested, but
said: “I certainly do not want
to place any hindrances in the
path of American aviation’s
fine progress.”
George S. Messersmith, As
sistant Secretarv of State, called
to the attention of Will Hays
the possibility that “Thirteen
Go Flying,” under consideration
for production, might adversely
influence trans-Atlantic air
plane service. He wrote Mr.
Hays, the “movie czar,” a per
sonal letter.
-— i
m.
Gandhi Weaker,
Britain's Viceroy
Urged to Intervene
Lord Linthigow Breaks
Tour; Protests Pour
In by Score
BACKGROUND—
Mahandas K. Gandi began
hunger strike last Friday to
force the native ruler of Rajkot j
state to give the people a greater
voice in administration of their
government. The 29-year-old
Rajkot ruler has refused to
yield to demands of Gandhi. En
trenched in the hearts of India's
millions, whose cause he has long
espoused. Gandhi has used the
hunger strike several times in
past to force concessions from
government.
Pf the Associated Press.
RAJKOT, India, March 6—The 1
possibility of intervention by the j
British viceroy of India in Mohandas
K. (Sandhi's dispute with the native I
ruler of Rajkot was strengthened:
today as Gandhi grew weaker on
the fourth day of his ‘‘fast unto
death."
A morning medical bulletin said
that the frail little leader was so ex
hausted that any attempt to sit up
brought attacks of giddiness.
The viceroy, the Marquess of Lin
lithgow, broke a tour of the Rajpu
tana states and hurried back to New
Delhi after appeals from Gandhi’s
Nationalist followers and National
ist-controlled provincial govern
ments for pressure on behalf of ad
ministrative reforms in Rajkot.
Protest Adamant Attitude.
Scores of protests against the
adamant attitude of Thakore Saheb
Shri Dharmendrasinhji, the native
ruler, were telegraphed to Lord
Linlithgow, while a thousand peas- j
ants prayed outside the quarters
where Gandhi was fasting.
It was Gandhi's sixth hunger
strike and his physicians said ‘‘this
time the fast will not last many
days.”
The bald 69-year-old Gandhi, a
wisp of a man in loincloth and shell
rimmed spectacles, lay on a rustic
cot on the veranda of a native
dwelling, screened from the broiling
sun and the eyes of those who
gathered nearby to pray.
Already he had lost two pounds,
his legs were swollen, his pulse had
quickened, and his blood pressure
had risen from 168 to 185, having
gained 5 points this morning.
%Iedical attendants said Ghandi
was “decidedly weaker" and that
his heart could not stand the strain
of the fast much longer.
Observers believed a major po
litical crisis would be averted by
the intervention of Lord Linlithgow,
who reached New Delhi yesterday.
A document believed to be a per
sonal message from the Viceroy
was delivered to Gandhi this morn
ing.
Interview With Gandhi Sought.
E. C. Gibson, British commissioner
in Western India, sought an inter
view with Gandhi today following
the holy man's routine weekly “si
lence.” Each Monday Gandhi re
fuses to speak for several hours In
order to conserve his strength.
It was believed if the Nationalist
leader continued to fast the All
India National Congress (Nation
alist) party governments in power in
eight of the 11 provinces of British
India would resign in sympathy
with him.
Since no other parties were 'strong
enough to form governments the
Governors would have to administer
the provinces personally.
The ^9-year-old Thakore Saheb,
whom Gandhi calls “my son,”
showed no signs of giving in to the
Nationalist leader’s demands that
the people of Rajkot be given a
greater voice in the government.
I
Rioting Near Calcutta
Sends 130 to Hospital
CALCUTTA, March 6 Police
took 130 persons to a hospital and
arrested 17 today after Moslem
Hindu rioting in the Kamarhati jute
mill area near Calcutta.
A Hindu procession there was at
tacked by crowds of spectators.
Earlier today 30 persons were in
jured and several shops were looted
and burned.
A dispatch yesterday from
Benares said British Army patrols
fired into the ranks of rioters. Week
end casualties there and in several
other Indian cities totaled at least
35 dead and 200 injured, according
to an unofficial estimate.
Madrid Revolt
Spurs Prospects
Of Spain Peace
Gen. Miaja Expected
To Reach Accord
With Franco
BACKGROUND—
Capture of Barcelona by forces
of Gen. rancisco Franco more
than month ago and resulting
conquest of all Catalonia began
the last chapter in the 33-month
old Spanish civil tear. President
Manuel Azana later resigned and
more than 30 nations recognized
the Nationalist government of
Gen. Franco as the government
of Spain.
BULLETIN.
PARIS, March 6 i/P).—Diplo
matic reports from Madrid said
today that Gen. Segismundo
Casado, head of a new defense
council in Republican Spain, had
offered to sue for peace with the
Spanish nationalists provided
Republican leaders were guaran
teed safe conduct out of Spain
and no Italian troops were per
mitted to enter Madrid.
Ey the Associated Press.
PARIS, March 6 —Diego Martinez
Barrio, president of the Spanish Par- !
liament, declared today that the,
seizure of power in Republican Spain 1
by a national defense council “must
lead to peace."
Martinez Barrio said he was fully
in accord with the six-man council!
which deposed Premier Juan Negrin.
He declared that Gen. Jose Miaja
was “the man who can come to an
understanding" with Spanish Na
tionalist Generalissimo Francisco
Franco “to bring peace back to
Spain."
Informed quarters here expressed
belief that the way for Republican
Spain's surrender to the Nationalists
had been paved by the formal resig
nation of the ousted Negrin govern
ment.
Martinez Barrio, as president of
the Cortes (Parliament), was first
in line to succeed President Manuel
Azana. who resigned February 28. A
Madrid communique said last
Wednesday that Martinez Barrio,
who is in Paris, had assumed the
post, but he declared he would not
accept it.
Agreed to End War.
Martinez Barrio said he often had
told Azana after the Spanish Na
tionalist conquest of Catalonia had
forced them from Barcelona, that
Gen. Miaja. “defender of Madrid."
could make peace with Gen. Franco.
"I must tell you." he added in an
interview, “that we are completely
in agreement, those who have just
revolted against Negrin and I, to
end the war.
“Now I can tell you publicly that
the Permanent Committee of the
Cortes met March 3. It decided to
sfend a note to Negrin. This note
said I would not accept the presi
dency of the republic unless there
were an agreement with the Cortes
and with the Permanent Committee.
"The Permanent Committee also
sent him a note signed by all its
members in which it declared it was
disposed to collaborate in the polit
ical work he was undertaking only
if it were exclusively directed toward
liquidating the Spanish situation
with the least damage and as few
sacrifices as possible.
i must stress that among the
Socialists who signed the note all
branches of the party were repre
sented, including persons having the
absolute confidence of Negrin.
“Our attitude, therefore, was per
fectly clear and it may be that
knowledge of this note caused the
coup d’etat to break out in Madrid.
“Our agreement with the Madrid
junta (defense council) is absolute
although we have no direct com
munication with it at present.
“From this movement we expect
peace for all Spaniards.”
Accepts Cabinet's Fall.
A radio broadcast from Madrid
said that Premier Negrin had ac
cepted his cabinet's overthrow,
"thus legalizing the coup by which
power was seized in Madrid.
Despite the pledge of the “Defense
Council" to continue resistance, in
formed quarters declared it would
sue for peace,
Some quarters expressed belief
that peace talks might already have
been started. They based this on
a radio speech by Gen. Segismundo
Casado, leader of the uprising
against Premier Negrin, in which
he declared to the nationalists that
his followers “wish for peace” if a
“real peace” were offered.
Premier Negrin and his ministers
were reported under arrest by re
publican troops. They had con
(See SPAIN, Page A-5.)
Summary of Today's Star
t-age.
Amusements,
B-16
Comics . B-14-15
Editorials -- A-8
Finance_A-ll
Lost, Found B-12
.rage.
Obituary-A-6
Radio ---■-A-7
Short Story.B-9
Society -B-3
Sports A-14-16
Woman’s Pg. B-10
Foreign.
Gandhi weaker, British urged to
intervene. Page A-l
Madrid revolt gpurs prospect of
Spanish peace. Page A-l
Poland and Rumania seek outlet for
Jews abroad. Page A-4
Japanese columns advance toward
two Yangtze cities. Page A-4
National.
Roosevelt seen willing for Congress
to adjourn early. Page A-l
Admiral Leahy renews effort for im
provements on Guam. Page A-l
Col. Watson is named secretary to
President Roosevelt. Page A-l
Army expansion measure approaches
vote in Senate. Page A-l
Roosevelt takes charge of drive to
stimulate business. Page A-l
Drive for passage of reorganization
bill opens in House. Page A-l
Washington and Vicinity.
Edward B. McLean held to be "hope
lessly insane." Page A-t
J Delano joins protest on Lee boule
vard business zoning. Page B-l
Lascelles coming here for further
talks on King’s visit. Page B-l
Editorial and Comment'
This and That. Page A-8
Answers to Questions. Page A-8
Letters to The Star. Page A-8
David Lawrence. Page A-9
Alsop and Kintner. Page A-9
Frederic William Wile. Page A-9
Jay Franklin. Page A-9
Lemuel Parton. Page A-9
Sports.
Outfield to be Harris’ chief worry
with squad completed. Page A-14
Coach Sutherland quits at' Pitt to
climax wrangling. Page A-14
Final week of basket ball to settle
five titles. Page A-14
Opening games in The Star’s basket
ball tourney on tonight. Page A-15
Farrell-Klein dark horse threat in
$5,000 golf event. PageA-15
Kayak II, Santa Anita sensation, to
race at Pimlico. Page A-16
Miscellany
City News in Brief. Page A-7
Nature’s Children. Page B-6
Bedtime Story. Pabe B-14
Cross-Word Puzzle. Page B-14
Letter-Out. Page B-14
Winning Contract. PageB-15
Uncle Ray’s Comer. PageB-15
M
'WHiLtyoTT^
wertav^y
Those Boys
Gave ME an
fAWFUL CRACK |J
Parley Planned to End
Influx of 'Bootleg'
Milk in D. C. Area
Seal to Confer With
Officials of Maryland
And Virginia
Pressing his investigation of the
delivery of 2.500 gallons of unlicensed
cream to a local dairy Saturday
night, Corporation Counsel Elwood i
Seal today planned a conference
with health officials and law en
forcement agencies in nearby Mary
land and Virginia to prevent future
influx of “bootleg" milk in the Wash
ington area.
This latest move followed the
charging of James J. Ward, presi
dent of the Embassy-Fairfax Dairy,
with four separate violations of the
Milk Control Act of 1935. Mr. Ward
was one of eight persons arrested
Saturday night after detectives
seized a Michigan truck, loaded with
unlicensed cream, police said, at the
dairy's main plant, at 1621 First
street N.W.
Two other persons were on bond
today and the remainder were re
leased.
can Be stopped, Seal Says.
"I believe that by co-operation
be*ween local authorities and offi
cials in nearby States we will be
able to put a stop to this racket,”
Mr. Seal said. "I can’t afford now
to go into detail as to the pro
cedure we will follow, but I plan to
confer as soon as possible with the
proper officials.”
The corporation counsel also said
a more rigid milk code is now
before the Commissioners—regula
tions which will enable Health De
partment inspectors to detect more
readily illegal milk and cream
brought into the District.
Commissioner Melvin C. Hazen
said today he is making a thorough
study of the accounts of Saturday
night developments and commented
the board will co-operate fully with
the corporation counsel’s office and
other authorities in "clearing up this .
situation.”
Congress’ Action Foreseen.
Probability that some congressional
action is forthcoming in regard to
alleged milk bootlegging in the Dis
trict was expressed by Mr. Seal.
“Undoubtedly, Congress will rec
ognize the seriousness of this con
dition and be ready to act in the
near future on any legislation which
would enable authorities to put a
stop to the practice more readily,”
Mr. Seal said.
Senator Tydings, Democrat, of
Maryland, and several Representa
tives from Maryland and Virginia
already have expressed interest in
the developments over the week end.
Out on bond with Mr. Ward were
Pinkey Alexander, 38, colored, a
dairy employe, released on $300 bond
set by District Court Justice Joseph
Cox when he acted yesterday on
writs of habeas corpus presented in
behalf of Alexander and three others
arrested in connection with the case,
and J. S. (Ted) Tobin, 31, of Kal
amazoo, Mich., driver of the refrig
erator truck which was seized at the
dairy. The latter's bond was set at
(See MILKTPage A-4.)
Hughes, III, Misses
Session of Court
For First Time
Chief Justice Hughes today
missed a session of the Supreme
Court for the first time since he
was appointed Chief Justice
nearly a decade ago.
A slight cold kept him con
fined at home, but it was said
he expected to return to his du
ties tomorrow.
House Unit Rescinds
Backing 5-Day Week
For Fire Department
Schulte Says 60-Hour
Week Would Cost D. C.
$500,000 After 5 Years
The House District Committee
today unexpectedly reversed its
tentative indorsement of a bill to
establish a five-day, 60-hour wJlk
in the Fire Department and s«it
the measure back to its Police and
Fire Subcommittee for further con
sideration.
Action was preceded by animated
and at times heated discussion,
which finally provoked this warning
from Representative Nichols, Demo
crat, of Oklahoma:
“If you want to kill this bill, put
it before the House in its present
condition. If you go on the floor
with it without a report from the
Budget Bureau or the Commis
sioners, you've got as much chance
to pass this or any other bill as you
would have to fly from this room to
your own offices.”
Chairman Randolph told the com
mittee at the outset he had received
a number of complaints against the
proposed legislation because of the
added burden it would place on tax
payers.
Would Cost 5500,000.
Representative Schulte, Democrat,
of Indiana, chairman of the Police
and Fire Subcommittee, which favor
ably reported the bill a week ago,
explained that a five-day, 60-hour
week would add $414,000 to the cost
of operating the Fire Department
the first year and that the figure
would mount to $500,000 at the end
of five years.
“One of the crying needs in the
District today," declared Mr.
Schulte, “is increased funds for Gal
linger Hospital, where mothers are
giving birth to babies out in the
halls.”
Representative Dirksen, Republi
can, of Illinois called attention to
the financial condition of the Dis
trict treasury and pointed out that
the fiscal affairs subcommittee is to
meet tomorrow morning “to stage
its annual battle" with proposed new
tax legislation designed to keep the
municipal government out of the
red during the coming fiscal year.
A Natural Tendency.
“When we seek to raise taxes, they
raise hell,” he declared. “When we
seek new sources of revenue they
raise hell, too. It’s a very natural
tendency.”
After that statement Mr. Dirksen
moved that final action on the bill
be deferred without prejudice, but
the new committee members, led by
Representative Seccombe, Republic
an, of Ohio, defeated his move, 7
to 5.
"Chairman Randolph then an
nounced he did not care to take the
bill before the House with his com
mittee divided. And Representative
Schulte added:
“Some of the younger members
of this committee don’t know the
temper of the House. There’s a lot
of opposition to this bill in the
House. There fsn’t a city in the
United States which treats its fire
men better than Washington, and
(See FIREMEN, Page A-3.)
30,000 Lose W. P. A. Aid
As Aliens Are Ousted «
By the Associated Press.
There were no jobs on Federal re
lief projects today for aliens.
Congress inserted a provision in
the $725,000,000 emergency relief
bill last month which required the
W. P. A. to drop all aliens from its
pay roll within 30 days. That period
expired during the week end.
Relief officials said they did not
know how many aliens were jobless
as a result, but they recalled that
Col. F. C. Harrington, W. P. A. ad
ministrator, estimated for a con
gressional committee several months
ago that less than 30,000 workers
would be affected.
k
Cochran Opens Drive
For Passage of New
Reorganization Bill
Goal Is Destruction
Of Bureaucracy,
House Is Told
BACKGROUND—
Government reorganization is
being taken up for the third time
by the Roosevelt administra
tion. Some shifts were made
under a broad grant of authority
to the President in 1933 as part
of the move to reduce expendi
tures 25 per cent. A radical plan
that would have provided a more
centralized control by the Chief
Executive was beaten in the last
Congress. . The new. program
comes up shorn of controversial
features.
Bv the Associated Press.
A campaign for legislation em
powering the President *5 reorgan
ize the Government moved onto the
House floor today, with Represent
ative Cochran, Democrat, of Mis
souri asserting its objective was to
“destroy that great monster, bu
reaucracy,” before bureaucracy de
stroyed the Government.
Representative Cochran, chair
man of a special reorganization
Committee, opened debate on a
compromise reorganization bill.
“Failure of the Congress to pass
this legislation or for the President
to fail to abide by the mandate that
it carries if it does pass,” he said,
"simply means the continuation of
the inefficiency that has prevailed,
not only during this administra
tion, but previous administrations.”
He asserted that for 50 years
Presidents had been recommending
Government reorganization, but that
Congress would not take over the
reorganization task itself.
He added:
“For years the businessmen of
this country • * * have demanded
a simplification of Government pro
cedure. That is just exactly what
we seek to do through the medium
of this legislation.”
Executive Not Consulted.
While the bill would give the
President authority to work out
plans for rearranging, abolishing
and consolidating Governmet agen
cies, with some specific exceptions,
it also would retain for Congress
the right to veto presidential reor
ganization orders.
At the start of his speech, Mr.
Cochran said no one in the execu
tive branch of the Government had
been consulted in the preparation
of the bill and none had suggested
or submitted a single paragraph.
With reference to bureaucracy,
the Missourian said. Representative
Taber, Republican, of New York, a
member of the Reorganization Com
mittee, had characterized the bill
as destructive.
“I pray his prediction will ulti
mately come true,” he declared, “be
cause the objective is to destroy that
great monster, bureaucracy, that is
(See REORGANIZATION, Page A-5)
Britain Plans Loan
Of $25,000,000 to China
Bt the Associated Press.
LONDON, March 6.—Prime Min
ister Chamberlain was reported re
liably today to have decided to
extend China a £5,000,000 ($25,000,
000) loan.
It was believed the premier would
introduce legislation within the next
two weeks to expedite the loan,
which was said to have been de
cided upon after long consultations
with the United States.
[
Minority Viewpoint
On National Issues
Representative Joseph W.
Martin, Massachusetts Repub
lican and House minority
leader, will discuss the Repub
lican viewpoint on national
issues during the National
Radio Forum tonight.
The National Radio Forum
is arranged by The Star and
broadcast over a coast-to
coast network of the National
Broadcasting Co.
Representative Martin will
be heard locally over WMAL
at 10:30 p.m.
Leahy Renews
Guam Plane
Base Fight
No Fortifications
Planned, Senate
Group Told
BACKGROUND—
Taking cognizance of unsettled
world conditions and armaments
of other countries. President
Roosevelt asked the present Con
gress to vote a defense program
to cost $552,000,000. First part
of this plan was $385,000,000
Army expansion measure which
already has passed House. Sub
jected to more critical debate in
the Senate, the measure is
nevertheless expected to be
adopted and the way cleared for
other parts of the defense pro
gram.
J2y tte Associated Press.
Admiral William D. Leahy, chief
of naval operations, renewed today
the Navy’s effort to obtain congres
sional authority for a $5,000,000 Im
provement program on the tiny
island of Guam, 1,400 miles from
Tokio.
1 Despite a previous assertion of
| Senator Walsh, Democrat, of Mass
achusetts, chairman of the Senate
Naval Affairs Committee, that the
Guam proposal should be dropped
i for the time being because some
I critics considered it a war threat
toward Japan, Admiral Leahy told
the Senate committee:
"The opposition has in general
been based on the assumption that
what is really intended is the forti
fication of Guam so as to make it
an important and strongly defended
naval base for airplanes and sub
marines.
This is not the case; the only
improvements contemplated at the
present time are the building of a
breakwater and dredging to improve
the seaplane take-off area and'
minor preparations for handling
planes.”
The naval official said a $5,000,
000 authorization for improving
airplane facilities at Guam would
be of great value to existing Amer
ican commercial airlines as well
as to the operation of any naval
patrol planes that might be in the
Guam area.
Future Value Stressed.
He contended that Guam was of
great importance as a possible air
and submarine base “from which to
protect our overseas commerce from
the Dutch East Indies, where es
sential strategic materials necessary
to maintain our industries are ob
tained.”
“It is of value.” he added, “as a
possible naval station at which to
base our Asiatic fleet when the
United States withdraws from the
Philippines in 1946.”
Admiral Leahy declared the
island’s strategic position made it of
inestimable value as a possible de
fense base which would act as a
strong deterrent “to any foreign
power contemplating a hostile move
toward the Hawaiian Islands or con
tinental United States.”
Bill Passed by House.
The admiral appeared before the
Senate committee in support of a
$65,000,000 bill to authorize the estab
lishment or improvement of naval
aviation facilities at Kaneohe Bay,
Pearl Harbor, Midway Island, Wake
Island, Johnston Island, Palmyra
Island and Guam in what he called
the mid-Pacific area; Kodiak and
Sitka in the Alaskan area; San Juan,
Puerto Rico, in the Caribbean area,
and Jacksonville, Fla., and Pensacola
in the continental United States.
The House recently passed a simi
lar $47,000,000 air base bill, eliminat
ing from it authority for the Guam
development and for a naval air
base at Jacksonville.
Meanwhile. Chairman Scrugham.
Democrat, of Nevada of the House
Naval Appropriations Subcommittee
said his group would begin hearings
March 13 or 14 on the 1939-40 Navy
Department sunrilv hill
Value to Aviation Cited.
Senator Johnson. Republican, of
California asked Admiral Leahy if
a $5,000,000 expenditure at Guam
would not be just as objectionable
to some interests as if this country
went ahead and fortified the island.
The admiral said he saw no
grounds for any power objecting to
the proposed improvements.
“A $5,000,000 expenditure against
a hostile country—if there be any
such—would be of no value what
ever. would it?” Senator Johnson
inquired. “How much would it take
to make Guam safe from assault?”
Admiral Leahy estimated that with
an $80,000,000 expenditure Guam
could be made difficult for a possi
ble enemy to take. Something in
the neighborhood of $200,000,000
would be necessary to make it im
pregnable, he said.
The admiral hastened to add that
the Navy had no such project in
mind at present.
He contended the proposed $5,
000,000 outlay would be of value to
commercial aviation and would
enable the Navy to send planes to
Guam.
Limit on Profits Asked.
As the Senate resumed debate on
the administration’s $358,000,000 de
fense bill, two Senators suggested
that an anti-war-profits amendment
be written into the legislation.
Senator Tobey. Republican, of
(See DEFENSE! Page A-3.) ,
Stuart Man Killed; Wife,
Daughter Wounded
Bt the Associated Press.
STUART, Va„ March 8.—Com
monwealth’s Attorney F. P. Burton
of Patrick County said he was told
family trouble preceded a triple
shooting near here last night in
which Edgar Light is charged in
warrants with killing his father-in
law and wounding the latter's wife
and daughter.
The warrants said Light, a resi
dent of Peters Creek, 7 miles from
Stuart, shot and killed James Law
son, shot off Mrs. Nan Lawson’s tar
and critically wounded Mrs. Ben
jamin Beasley in the stomach.
A

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