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May Split Democrats G. 0. P. Downfall Over Tariffs Is Recalled By DAVID LAWRENCE. It U premature, If not altogether Inaccurate, to say that the “appease ment” policy as between Government and business has been discarded or mat there will be no tax revi sion at this ses sion of Congress. The key to the President’s frank statement about his opposition to certain changes In the corpora tion taxes may be found In the rather stern of fensive which Congress itself has been waging against the ad ministration, David Lawrence. particularly through the cut of $150, 000,000 in the relief expenditures. So long as Congress attempts to play politics with that $150,000,000 item, no quarter can be expected from the President. He knows that the subtraction of $150,000,000 from the W. P. A. expenditures at this critical time of unemployment is not going to balance a budget already unbalanced to the amount of $3, 600,000,000, and he thinks Cotigress knows this, but is trying to put him on the spot before the country as a spendthrift just the same because he will not agree to the cut. Making Empty Gestures. Congress has been making empty gestures toward curtailing expenses, but out of a $9,000,000,000 budget has found only $150,000,000 thus far to cut and this is to be taken from the relief payments. Likewise, Con gress has been talking a great deal about economy, but no group there in has presented a comprehensive program for cutting Government ex penses, for the very good reason, perhaps, that there is none which can be offered which does not have In it political repercussions of a serious nature for those who do the auggesting. The administration’s case might be put this way: If businessmen want tax revision they must not at the same time insist on cutting off relief appropriations, and this applies to those in Congress who have been endeavoring to reflect what appears to be a Nation-wide sentiment for curtailment of ex penses. It will be noted that at the Presi dent’s press conference in which he frowned on certain changes in the tax structure, he spent most of his time talking about those who wanted to prune Government ex penses. This was the subject up permost in his mind, and when ever tax changes were mentioned he kept repeating that those who wanted to cut Government appro priations could not at the same time consistently ask the Treasury to accept a loss in revenue from tax revision. Danger Ahead. As usual, the right policy lies somewhere between these two ex tremes. Government expenses could, be cut, of course, but a ruthless curtailment, effected immediately, would undoubtedly bring on a de flationary trend which might bring serious consequences to the social order, producing more unemploy ment because of the sudden diminu tion of Government stimulus to purchasing power. To achieve a balanced budget and to cut off Government spend ing there must be private spending in its play. This requires qareful planning and some extension of intermediate credit on the same in surance principle as that on which the Federal Housing Administra tion loans were made through pri vate banks. Unless business can offer a program that will insure a substantial increase in private spending in the next 24 months, Mr. Roosevelt isn’t going to permit, if he can possibly avoid it, any substantial change in his public spending policies. He resents the efforts of Congress to hamstring his policy by nibbling away at the W. P. A. expenditures, which he insists both from economic and hu manitarian standpoints are abso lutely essential. Business Hu Good Case. Businessmen, on the other hand, have a perfectly good case for tax revision, and not as a means either of restoring methods of tax avoid ance or for the purpose of loading email businesses with extra taxes that are lopped off big businesses. The latter argument is merely part of the political claptrap of the hour and is bandied back and forth in the effort to light back at the ad ministration’s opponents. There are unquestionably many changes in the tax laws which, far from reducing revenues, would ac tually increase them materially. The Treasury Department knows this and wants it done. But Mr. Roosevelt isn’t ready to yield un less he gets in return some ap proval for the appropriations he is asking. He has not said it in so many words and probably would not put it on any such basis, but such an inference is clear from a study of recent events and from the emphasis placed by the President on Tuesday on the need for main taining purchasing power through continued Federal expenditures. Zt does look like a stalemate for the moment, but the President is engaging in a risky procedure, be cause he may be unwittingly en couraging a revolt among the Democrats of Congress, many of whom, together with the Republl I* ESTABLISHED 1865 • I VENTILATOR DOORS I Cod Low to Buy Now I It will pay apartment and home 1 owners to buy and install venti- if lator doors NOW at present g pro-season prices. The Barker i stock, as usual, is complete with 1 oN sixes and designs. Assured I savings are substantial; get 1 Barker prices on Barker quality S ventilator doors NOW! |j GEO. M. BARKER! • COMPANY • I LUMBER and MILLWORK I <49-651 N. Y. Avo. N.W. § 1523 7th St. N.W. „CA1X NAT. 13481 The Capital Parade New Dealers Seen Accepting Prospect In Revision of Taxes By JOSEPH ALSOP and ROBERT KINTNER. , Prom time to time, a wholly private and Informal meeting of Government officials will mark a turning point in public policy—not because plots are woven or secret plans are laid, but because a new atmosphere Is revealed and new assumptions as to public policy are made. Such a meeting occurred a few days ago, after dinner, at the pleasant house of the secretary of the Monopoly Investigating Com mittee, Leon Henderson. The dramatis personae were decidedly Impressive, being re cruited from the men whose fertile minds have often been dominant In New Deal policy making. Of great officers of state, none was present, although only an attack of flu prevented the attendance of Secretary of Commerce Harry L. Hopkins. Indeed, the only actual B-da tif agenda. In the company were the occasional enemies, S. E. C. Chairman William O. Douglas, who has now been named to me supreme Court, and Chair man Marriner 8. Eccles of the Federal Reserve Board. Among the others were several-who some times exercise a larger influence than most great officers of state. New Deal economists were represented by the discreet com missioner of labor statistics, Isa dor Lubln, and Eccles’ clever ad viser, Lauchlin Currie, as well as by the ebullient Henderson. The Aber FEAR SOT personable Solicitor General, Robert H. Jackson, and S. E. C. Com missioner Jerome Frank had been invited as leaders of the New Dealers’ group, together with the most intelligent of all the New Dealers, the presidential adviser, Benjamin N. Cohen. The New Deal’s younger element was personified by Milton Katz of the Justice Department, and only the absence of Thomas G. Corcoran, who is still ill, prevented the gathering from being a complete New Dealers’ roundup. But with the New Dealers, another Daniel in another lions’ den, was the earnest peace maker with business, Undersecretary of the Treasury John W. Hanes. ^ ¥ ¥ ¥ As has been remarked, the meeting's significance derived from the revelation of a novel atmosphere. It could be detected in the fact that the lions did not roar at their Daniel, and the Daniel did not have to invoke a higher protection against the lions. A week or so ago, the New Dealers were inclined to regard the business appease ment policy, of which Johnny Hanes and Harry Hopkins are the chief apostles, with the gravest suspicion. Now all that is changed. In the first place, Hanes is far more sensible than the average public figure, whose reaction to the suspicions of his colleagues is a noble fit of sulks. Instead of retiring to a corner to lick his wounds in silence, Hanes had frankly approached the doubters. A luncheon with one man and a letter to another had already cleared the air. Thus, at Henderson’s house, it was generally assumed that Hanes was confining his activities to tax revision, without venturing into other fields more sacred in New Deal hearts. The assumption was meaningful. The New Dealers seem to be making up their minds to accept moderate tax revision. They will not kick against it. But that indicates that the once hoped for revisions of the National Labor Relations Act, the Securities and Exchange Acts V A few shots SfiFTWS WILL ^PEP HIM UP/ (ptmf ENfESfWE, ana me nice are no longer feared by the New Dealers. They would not give way to business appease ment at one point, If they still believed that there was danger of serious concessions all along the line. And if the New Dealers don’t fear them, the concessions probably won’t be made. At the same time, what was said was quite as significant as what was not. The talk chiefly centered around long-run business conditions, as to which the meeting was fairly pessimistic. To be sure, advances from present production levels were anticipated. But there were doubts on the sharp continuing rise in business and national income, toward which the President’s compensatory spending policy is directed. It may surprise those who regard all New Dealers as emissaries of Moscow to learn the meeting agreed the only way to improve business conditions was to get private enterprise to work. Methods of doing so in the key industries of housing, utilities and railroads were discussed. It was suggested that the best mode of pro cedure was to study each industry separately, to see what special aids might start the flow of investment. In the end, there was no great decision. But, again, it’s enormously important that the need to do something was generally recognized. When such meetings recognize a need for action, actioi\ of some sort usually follows. (Copyrlaht, 1939, by North American Newspaper Alliance, Inc.) cans, could put through the pas sage of a tax revision bill. Then, if Mr. Roosevelt vetoed such a measure, the Democratic party might as well forfeit the 1940 elec tions. Tax May Split Party. It will be recalled that this very strategy exercised by the Demo cratic minority in coalition with Western insurgent Republicans back in 1910 and 1911 gave President Taft bill after bill which he found himself compelled to veto. These were called the “popgun” tariff bills, and they helped to swing the Nation behind the Democratic party in 1912, as the Republican party was split wide open. It isn’t the tariff this time, which was in 1912 related to the “cost of living,” but the tax issue, which nowadays is closely associated with business re covery, which may split a major party asunder. For the Democratic party, may be digging its own politi cal grave aided and abetted by the misunderstanding of the whole situ ation and Jockeying which has arisen as between the President and the leaders of his own party in the Senate and the House. (Copyrlfht, 1939.) Guard to Participate In Parade and Review Participation of the District Na tional Guard in the annual Army Day parade on Thursday, April 6, and in a special review for mem bers of several congressional com mittees on Tuesday, April 11, was announced today by Brig. Gen. Al bert L. Cox, commander of the guard. Plans for the review call for it to be held at 9 p.m. on the latter date on the Mall between Fourth and Sixth streets N.W. Taking part will be more than a thousand officers and men of the 121st En gineers, 260th Anti-aircraft Regi ment, 1st Battalion of the 104th Quartermaster Regiment, 29th Di vision Special Troops and Com pany A, 372d Infantry. Gen. Cox has tendered to Edgar Morris, general chairman of the Cherry Blossom Committee, the services of a group of guard offi cers as aides to receive distin guished guests at the reviewing stand for the cherry blossom pa geant on the Potomac Park polo field on Friday, March 31. CTHE opinions of the writers on this page are their own, not necessarily The Star’s. Such opinions are presented in The Star’s effort to give all sides of questions of interest to its readers, although such opinions may be contradictory among themselves ana directly opposed to The Star's. The Political Mill Passage of Reorganization Bill Has Workers on Anxious Bench By G. GOULD LINCOLN. President Roosevelt at last Is to hav< an opportunity to “reorganize” the executive agencies of the Gov ernment—that Is with the exception oi a score or the so-called Inde pendent agen cies. Both houses of Congress have passed a reor ganization bill and It remains only for an ad justment of Senate amend ments with the House. Although the bill as now passed lacks a number of the Important pro posals made in G. Gould Lincoln. 1 the reorganization plan advanced by the President in 1937, it is still by far the most comprehensive measure of the kind ever put through Con gress. What the President will do with it has been forecast to some extent in the report submitted by him to the Congress two years ago. Not unnaturally, a large number of Government officials and em ployes will be on the anxious bench —and they may be anxious for some time to come, for the President under the authority now given him may make changes in the Govern ment agencies this year, next year and the year alter that and so on. And the President who follows the present Chief Executive may try his hand at Government reorgani zation. This may be a good thing, but scarcely calculated to quiet Jumpy nerves. Principle Is the Same. It has been obvious for a long time that many bureaus and agencies of the Government overlap in their duties and their work. And cer tainly since the Roosevelt adminis tration has been on the Job a con siderable number of new agencies have been set up which deal with similar subjects—as in housing and public works. A good deal of money could be saved undoubtedly if con solidations were made. But whether the President will make that kind of reorganization remains to be seen. The President does not. under either the House or Senate bill, have authority to set up a new Depart ment of Welfare as originally pro posed. He does not have authority either to abolish the Civil Service Commission and to substitute a single arbiter in its place, nor the authority to abolish the office of the Controller General of the United States and substitute an auditor general with only post-audit powers. The bill he is now getting is a half loaf. But the principle involved in the proposed new legislation is the same as in the original. Congress has undertaken to give the President power to legislate agencies it has set up by law out of existence or into consolidations with other agencies. The only check would be action by both houses of Congress vetoing a presidential reorganization order— which is dJnsidered as a practical matter no real check at all. At the end of 60 days the President’s order would become law. This is a new wrinkle, and as op INVEST IN FOOT COMFORT TODAY! The best Investment we know Is a pair of Graand Gripper or Cantilever Health Shoes. You set three dividends from them: Comfort—healthful posture— and lone wear. They are not expensive. Just try one pair. You will wear them forever. STACH’S 521 llth St. N.W. "We Fit the Feet at Nature-Intended” English & French Period Furniture, Objets d’Art, Oil Paintings, Oriental Rugs, China & Silverware Including Property Removed From the "KAROLIK HOUSE" 2145 DECATUR PLACE N.W. to be gold at PUBLIC AUCTION Within Our Galleries, 722 13th Street N.W. MONDAY TO SATURDAY March 27th to April 1st, Inclusive, at 1 P.M. 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Captain Ebworth by George Romney; "Lady With' a Fan" by Goya; "Portrait af Lady Knollys" by Joseph Highmore; "Portrait of Lavinia Lamond" by Sir H. Raeburn; "Portrait of a Lady" by Sir Godfrey Kneller; "Landscape" by Bogert; "Peir of Sporting Prints" by A. C. Dodd, and other faintings by G. Shayer, John Constable, Gilbert Stuart, etc., etc UlAstilhgon ffirt'GfJLunics and Uuiaum VloxrmL inc. l4tl***» 722 13th Stmt N.W. M«. 1130 ponents of the bill as passed de clared, does not conform to the con stitutional idea, which was for the President to recommend and Con gress to legislate. Some of the measures, opponents Insist, is that the Supreme Court, if it construed the Constitution correctly, would hold the bill unconstitutional. Just how the matter could get before the Supreme Court Is still to be de termined, however. Senator Wheeler of Montana, Democrat, led a fight for an amend ment to the bill which would have made it necessary for Congress by action of both houses to approve a presidential reorganization order before it became law. This would have been along the lines of the Constitution, which sets up Congress as the sole legislative agency of the Government. The administration, apparently considering this a reflec tion upon President Roosevelt, vigor ously opposed the amendment. It lost the battle by a single vote on Tuesday, but on reconsideration yes terday won by a margin of two votes. Senator Chavez of New Mexico, Democrat, changed his posi tion overnight and voted with the administration forces yesterday. Otherwise the vote for reconsidera tion would have been a tie, only to be broken had Vice President Gamer voted. Not Ready for Break. It looked for a time as though Vice President Gamer would have to take a position for or against the administration on this issue. It is believed he would have supported the President—that he is not ready for an open break with the White House, although he is constantly reported as leading the New Deal opposition Democrats in the Senate and even influencing the anti-New Deal Democrats in the House. How ever that may be, Mr. Garner was not put on the spot. Had he been ready to deliver a frontal attack on the administration he would have voted to break the tie which on Tuesday prevented the tabling of a motion to reconsider the vote by which the Wheeler amendment had then been adopted. But the Vice President remained as quiet as a mouse, and his failure to vote made it possible for the administration forces to rally enough votes yester day to reconsider the vote by which the Wheeler amendment had been adopted—and then defeat the amendment. Mr. Gamer was not the only op ponent of some of the presidential policies to fail Senator Wheeler, Senator Clark of Missouri and others who opposed the reorganization bill as it now stands. Senator Pat Har rison of Mississippi was entirely reg ular in his vote against the Wheeler amendment, for example. The President wins this battle, however, and his victory is likely to enhance his prestige in the Senate and the House and to make other victories more likely. He has yet to get from Congress the full $150, 000,000 additional he is demanding for the W. P. A. for the remainder This Changing World London and Paris Move for Front Against Hitler Seems Childish By CONSTANTINE BROWN. It is Britain and Trance which have now adopted the Army War Bhout*" cry, When ln troubl«. when in doubt, run in circles, scream and The British and the Trench governments, strange as it may seem appear to have been taken unawares by the new European crisis. They are Just as surprised at what Germany is doing today and what Italy will do alter next Sunday as were the Russian Grand Dukes in 1917, when the revolution broke out. Then, as now, every taxi driver and gro cery clerk knew that there was something in the air. Only the . leaders of the government were blissfully unaware of what was happening. » * To Hitler’s violations of agreements and international understand ing they are proposing now—conferences and “fronts.” The idea of the London and Paris statesmen to get the Poles and the Russians together with them in a “stop Hitler” movement appears to the observers, to say the least, childish. It is evident that there are only two countries today which could bother Germany with their military forces. These two countries are the U. S, S. R. and Poland. When Poland's foreign minister, Col. Joseph Beck, went last January to the Riviera for a vacation and intimated that he wanted to discuss the International situation with the French government he received a peeved answer that Daladier was busy touring North Africa and Foreign Minister Bonnet had many other things to do. Beck went to Berlin instead of Paris The Russians were equally treated with utmost coolness. Now London and Paris are appealing to these states, representing over 200,000,000 inhabitants, to do something which appears very much like pulling the chestnuts out of the fire for the western democracies. * w * * While the two principal European democracies are agitating be latedly for a common stop-Hltler front, Mussolini Is being approached unofficially and asked what would be the minimum he would be willing to accept in the shape of colonial concessions. It is rumored that the French and the British would be willing to talk over with him the surrender of the French and British Somali land—without the port of Jibuti, and of a free zone in that harbor. Moreover, the French would be willing to sell for a nominal sum the Jibutl-Addls Ababa Railroad. His speech next Sunday night Is awaited with anxiety all over the world. He will probably talk about how North Africa was once a part of the old Roman Empire and how It Is only logical that it should become so once more. * * * * The repercussion of the latest bloodless victories of the Germans have been wide throughout the world, to the detriment of the demo cratic states. While we in the United States and the citizens of France and Great Britain look at them with mingled feelings—fear and indignation—in other sections of the globe, and especially in South America they have created among the people a tremendous Impression. They see the superfi cial aspect of these victories and are rapidly losing faith in the efficiency and the power of the democratic countries. South American military and air corps officers are being given free rides to Germany and Italy. They are being received royaliy by their colleagues. They are ainea and wined and shown that remarkable machinery which the totalitarian states have built in recent years for conquering purposes. Prom the point of view of the professional officer, this is a tremendous and impressive thing. After a few months spent with Italian or German regiments or air detachments these officers come back full of awe for what they have seen. Chile, which has a very liberal government now may be the first country to feel the consequences of what is happening in Czecho slovakia, Rumania and Memel. of the fiscal year. He has yet to get confirmation from the Senate for his nomination of former Repre sentative Amlie of Wisconsin to be a member of the Interstate Com merce Commission. He has yet to obtain amendment or repeal of the Neutrality Act. But his victory yes terday will certainly encourage his leaders In Congress to press for ac tion on these other matters. Again it has been demonstrated that Democratic members of Con gress do not like to slap Mr. Roose velt too hard, particularly with an election coming next year. Some of those who are opposed to policies of the President still realize that with out him to lead the more radical to the polls to vote the Democratic ticket, Democratic victory will be more difficult. They are having it dinned into their ears that many defeats in .Congress for the President will merely play Into the hands of the Republicans. An American You Should Know Colorful Life Led By Dr. Montgomery, House Chaplain By DELIA PYNCHON. Printer, actor, clergyman and for 19 years chaplain of the House of Representatives—such has been the colorful life of the Rev. James Shera Montgomery. He has been, however, a clergyman during prac tically his entire adult life, for he was converted at the age of 20 and licensed to preach the same year. The chaplain of the House thinks well of his 435 spiritual charges— the membership of his congressional flock has changed enormously since Dr. Montfomtrr. I he was first elected. Looking over these Rep resentatives of the people, Dr. I M o n t g o mery | finds them sin i cere, honorable, Just and seeking to serve the people to the best of their ability — infi nitely more than mere job hunters." H e insists they are reverently in ciinea, receptive and responsive to ministrations with no Intolerance. “If the public would let up its political pressure, constantly exert ed, the country would get better legislation,” was Dr. Montgomery’s comment. He has served the House under six Speakers and regards Speaker William B. Bankhead as a "great Speaker, very fair.” Dr. Montgomery was bom at Mount Carmel, Ind. His father, two grandfathers and three uncles were all' preachers. "I couldn’t go very far astray with that back ground,” he says. After he was graduated at Muncie Academy he tried first the printing trade—and then became an actor at 19. The church was in his blood, however, and a year later he swung away from the worldly boards. The National Capital has been Dr. Montgomery's home since 1911, and here he was pastor of the Metropolitan Memorial M. E. Church, then of the Calvary Church, and again with the Metropolitan Me morial Church, whose new edifice he helped to build. He retired in 1933 and since then has given all his time to the members of the House, spend ing several hours each day at the Capitol. Dr. Montgomery is an amiable, temperate man, with a fine, strong face, softened by a life of service. A shock of white hair, very blue eyes and a sonorous voice are character istic features. Twelve times he has crossed the Atlantic on preach ing missions. He took a course at Oxford, became interested in Rus kin and wrote the “Voice of a New Age,” believing that Ruskin was the prophet of a new era. Per sonally Dr. Montgomery doesn’t be lieve in substituting social service for the religion of Jesus, which h# maintains covers all demands of social service. ET your hand speak for you. Three fingers up, thumb and forefinger mak ing the ring—3 rings, meaning PURITY, BODY and FLAVOR. Your barman's wise —he’ll have a brimming beaker of Ballan tine’s at your elbow in a flash. On draught •. • in bottles (12 os. and full quart) ... in copper-colored cans (12 oz. and full quart). AMERICA’S FINEST SINCE 1840. tVisit BALLANTINE’S 3-RING INN largest and finest restaurant at the I new YORK WORLD’S FAIR (opposite * Independent Subway Station). 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