Newspaper Page Text
To Vote 2 Billions For U. S. Defense Roosevelt Is Taking Personal Leadership In Drafting Program By JOHN C. HENRY. • A national defense program sur passing anything ever attempted by this rountry in its years of peace is being forecast here as congressional and departmental officials prepare budget estimates for submission to Congress in January. Privately, it is predicted that a aympathetic Congress will vote de fense appropriations of all cate gories approximating $2,000,000,000, as compared to the $1,645,341,015 approved this year. In addition, authorisations are expected to equal or exceed the $917,565,500 ap proved in nine separate bills last session. Consistent advocate of “adequate” defense machinery, President Roosevelt has been taking personal leadership in drafting next winter's program through frequent confer ences with the departmental and congressional officers immediately concerned. Several times in recent weeks Chairman May of the House Military Affairs Committee and Chairman Vinson of the House Naval Affairs Committee have visited the White House. Chairman Taylor of the House Appropriations Committee likewise has conferred with the President, while Secretary of War Woodring, Assistant Sec retary Johnson and Acting Sec retary of Navy Edison have had places on the White House appoint ment list more often than any other cabinet officials. ucmiis Are not neveaieu. None has been communicative With the press in any detail, but all have admitted that national de fense needs and these which are to be dealt with next winter have been the subjects of their frequent dis cussions. Mr. Roosevelt himself has dis closed no specific intention at his press conferences, but has made sev eral significant remarks about na tional defense needs; one, that we must have a "completely adequate Navy"; another, that reports of in creasing the Regular Army and Na tional Guard personnel to a total of 600.000 men are approximately correct. This total, it is reported, would be composed of 280.000 . Regular Army men and 320.000 National Guards men. Expansion of these units to 227.000 and 235.000. respectively, was authorized only during the last few months. Deficiency Bills First. Almost certainly, the initial re quest on Congress will be for quick passage of deficiency appropriation bills to cover the increased overhead defense costs incurred wuth the com missioning of a fleet of laid-up de stroyers for Atlantic patrol duty, and with authorized increases in Army, Navy and Marine personnel. Includ ed are not only the overhead items of feeding, clothing and paying the new recruits, but also the cost of constructing new Army and Navy housing and hospital facilities. In the latter connection, the Pres ident disclosed about two weeks ago that he had sanctioned temporary disregard of statutory obstacles to overspending for housing and hos pital equipment in the opinion that Congress would give retroactive ap proval when it convenes in January. Quite probably, there will be early and considerable pressure for the speeding up of assorted programs authorized last session, for some of u-hich no funds have yet been ap propriated and for most of which several years of gradual application were contemplated. New authoriza tions. of couse. would call for addi tional appropriations. Mow it Looks on Kooks. In recapitulation, the following 1939 authorizations are now on the books: Army Air Corps expansion, $300, 000.000; educational ordnance orders, *34,500.000: Panama defenses. $23. 750.000; training civilian pilots, *33.675.000; military reservations, *5.000,000: strategic materials pur chases, $102,000,000; naval air bases, *65.000.000; aeronautical laboratory, *1.800.000; naval public works, $60, 180,500; modernization of subma i rines, $5,500,000; modernization of battleships, $9,160,000; construction of third 'Set of locks at Panama Canal. $227,000,000. Total, $917, 665.500. Initial appropriations for some of these were included in the regular Army and Navy supply bills last year, for others funds were supplied in deficiency bills. The actual ap propriations follow. Army supply bill, $508,789,824; supplemental military appropriation bill. $223,398,047; Army provisions in second deficiency bill, $71,600,743; Navy supply bill. *773,049.151; Navy deficiency bills, $37,357,750: national defense deficiency bill, $31,145,000. Total, $1,645,341,015. In addition, there were included In the appropriation measures direct authorization for the letting of $220, 000.000 in additional contracts. One year previous, defense appro priations totaled $1,006,267,000. V. F. W. to Campaign For Aid for Disabled . B? the Associated Press. CHICAGO, Oct. 21.—The National Council of' Administration of the Veterans of Foreign Wars voted unanimously today to launch a Nation-wide campaign for pensions for disabled World War veterans. Members of the council said the 3.500 local units of the V. F. W. would be urged to seek public sup port for legislation granting pen sions to World War veterans who are too badly disabled to* be gain fully employed. Under their proposal honorably • discharged veterans who served a minimum of 90 days would receive $20 a month for 10 per cent disabil ity: $25 for 25 per cent; $35 for 50 per cent: $50 for 75 per cent; $60 for total disability and $100 if they need attendants. This would put World War pensions on a basis equal to those being granted to disabled Spanlsh-American War veterans, members of the council said. The V. F. W. is also asking that World War veterans be given the ‘ same pension of $60 $ month the Government is now paying Spanish War veterans who have Attained the age of 65. \ GERMAN VIEW OF AIR ATTACK ON BRITISH CRUISER—This picture was transmitted by radio from Berlin to New York yesterday with the following cap tion passed by the German ministry of propaganda: "First picture of bombard ment of British cruiser Edinburgh by German planes at Firth of Forth.” On October 16 the British admiralty said German bombers caused casualties on the Edinburgh as well as the cruiser Southampton and the destroyer Mohawk, in the spectacular attack on Edinburgh and the Firth of Forth. Picture indicates cameras are carried in bombing planes. —A. P. Wirephoto. Rumania Is Prepared To Destroy Oil Wells If Germany Invades Wreckers From Texas Are Held in Readiness for Sabotage if Necessary By the Associated Press. BUCHAREST, Oct. 21.—Germany's plans for drawing on Rumania’s rich oil fields to supply fuel for her highly mechanized army have | been hampered seriously—chiefly by the British blockade. The blockade has cut off the sea route from Constanta to Hamburg by which the bulk of Rumanian oil was carried to Germany before the European war began. Rumanian oil shipments to Ger many. which averaged almost 4.500 tons daily before the outbreak of war in September, have declined steadily since hostilities started and now average but slightly more than 2,000 tons daily. Germany historically has sought Rumanian oil. In the World War one of the reasons for the Ger man march into Rumania was to get oil. While she achieved a mili tary victory she got little oil. for the wells were so thoroughly sabo taged that it was not until after the war that many of them were operating again. Prepared for Sabotage. In case the present war should bring Germany into Rumania, the country is well prepared for similar sabotage. A group of oil well wreck ing specialists from Texas is being held in readiness for such an eventuality. At the same time shipments to Germany are on the decline, Ru manian oil exports to Great Britain, France and neutrals total 8,000 tons daily and there are indications that Britain and France are making plans to increase their purchases. Two British tankers were being loaded today at Constanta and ne gotiations are under way to have Greek tankers carry Rumanian oil to England. Another reason for the decline in exports to Germany is that com panies operating in Rumania are financed by British, French, Ameri can and Dutch capital and while these firms are still selling oil to Germany, they are demanding cash payment. The Rumanian government, though desirous of giving no open offense to Germany, is bringing no strong pressure on oil companies. One reason advanced for her atti tude is that the government's share in oil revenues is pledged to pay off a French loan. A German trade delegation made strenuous efforts here in September to get more Rumanian oil on credit, but it does not appear to have been very successful. With the sea route cut off and no pipeline between Rumania and Ger many. two channels remain open— by rail and by barge through the Danube. Rail Shipments Expensive. Rail shipments are expensive and handicapped by a shortage of tank cars. Rumania and other Balkan countries are reluctant to send tank cars into Germany and though the Reich is operating its own tank cars regularly, the total oil thus shipped is not large. Barge shipments likewise are cur tailed by the lack of craft and Ru manian reluctance to send barges into Germany. This channel also faces suspension as soon as the Dan ube freezes sufficiently to impede traffic. Kermit Roosevelt Takes Post in British Army By the Associated Press. LONDON, Oct. 21.—The official London Gazette today announced the appointment of Kermit Roosevelt as a second lieutenant in the Brit ish Middlesex Regiment. The appointment was listed as an “emergency commission" with the infantry. Kermit, son of President Theodore Roosevelt, arrived in England a month ago. He said he was “on business” and let it rest at that. He was a captain in both the Brit ish and United States Armies In the World War. The War Situation Sea fighting was resumed in the European war yesterday with the sinking of four vessels be longing to Germany, Sweden, Norway and Rumania. The Ger man coast guard vessel Este went down off the Danish coast with 71 men after striking a German mine. The Swedish steamer Gustaf Adolph was sunk by a German submarine. (Page A-l.) German warplanes attacked a ship convoy in the North Sea yesterday but the dozen aircraft were driven off, official British announcements said, three being shot down and a fourth being forced to alight at sea. The shooting down of two other Ger man planes out of a squadron of six which attacked two Brit ish destroyers and a British sea plane off the Norwegian coast was reported to the Bergen news paper Aftenblad. (Page A-l.) German plans for the new Poland which is to be created out of the ruins of the old were beginning to take shape in Ber lin. Informed sources there said that it will be a purely Polish state, smaller than the Russian Poland of pre-1914 days, retain ing Polish religious and patriotic centers, containing a Jewish state or reservation, and facing a huge financial burden at the outset, j (Page A-l.) On the western front French artillery were reported trying to hit the German general head quarters, believed to be estab lished in Castle Thorn, on the extreme northern end of the front. The gunners were methodically shelling an area of 20 square miles, military observ ers in Paris said. (Page A-l.) Italy’s determination to main tain her interests in the Balkans in spite of the Anglo-French Turkish mutual assistance pact was voiced by Virginio Gayda, authoritative Fascist editor, in his paper II Giornale d'ltalia. ""Nothing may be attempted or done in the Balkans without Italy," Gayda wrote. (Page A-l.) Following up their mutual as sistance pact signed Thursday with Turkey, Great Britain and France were reported to have extended a credit of 60.000.000 pounds ($240,000,000) to the An kara government. Twenty-five million pounds of this would be advanced in the form of arms and ammunition to enable Tur key immediately to strengthen protection of the Dardenelles, it was said. There was no con firmation of this report either in Ankara, Paris or London. (Page A-l.) Germans saw a Russian warn ing and threat to Turkey in an article appearing in the Russian government newspaper Izvestia, which was reproduced in the German press. Authoritative sources in Berlin declared that Turkey s step in allying herself with Britain and France might bring upon her the fate of Poland. (Page A-4.) Izvestia de clared that Russia would keep a watchful eye on everything which concerns the Turkish controlled straits of the Dar danelles. (Follows above story.) The prospect of assistance from Turkey and her allies— Britain and France—increases the likelihood of the small na tions of southeastern Europe standing against the menace of Russian or German aggression, Maj. George Fielding Eliot be lieves. He envisages the creation of a powerful eastern front which will confront Germany before spring. (Page A-4.) Endurance Flyers In Air 21 Days Bj the Associated Press. MUNCIE, Ind., Oct. 21.—Kelvin F. Baxter, 23, of Richmond and Robert A. McDaniels, 25, of Muncie tonight approached the end of their third week of sustained flight in their 1.100-pound monoplane, Miss Sun Tan. They will have been aloft 21 days if still up at 10:53 o’clock tomorrow morning. Earl (Red) Luker, chief of their ground crew, expressed belief they would break the world’s aviation endurance record of 655 hours, set by Fred and A1 Keys at Meridian, Miss., three years ago. They dispute the claim of Wes Carroll and Clyde Schleipper of Long Beach, Calif., to the light plane record. They surpassed the 343 hours 46 minutes of the Moody brothers of Decatur, 111., former rec ord holders, last Sunday. Dr. Hrdlicka to Speak Dr. Ales Hrdlicka, anthropologist of the Smithsonian Institution, will speak at 8:15 p.m. Tuesday at the National Museum on the extensive anthropological exploration now in progress in Russia. He also will dis cuss the Russian collections of pre historic skeletal and cultural ma terials. The lecture is free to the public. Negative Defense Cancels College Radio Debate By the Associated Press. BOSTON, Oct. 21.—It was neither censorship nor stage fright that brought radio listeners a program >f Strauss waltzes instead of a sched uled debate between Harvard and Massachusetts Institute of Technol ogy on the question of Government manufacture of munitions. The mystery was cleared up today. For just as they were about to go on the air yesterday, both sides dis covered they had prepared to de fend the negative. Hope Is Voiced U. S. Soil May Be Kept Free From War Col. J. Monroe Johnson Expresses View in Talk To Rainbow Division Fervent hope that if the United States ever has to go to war again that its armies will go as far as possible from American soil to fight was voiced here last night by Col. J. Monroe Johnson, Assistant Sec retary of Commerce. “It has been said that in the last war we had to rent battlefields in France,’’ asserted Col. Johnson, who served as commander of the 117th Engineers. “If that is true—and the •rental’ has been placed at billions of dollars—then the battlefields were cheap. I hope we rent distant bat tlefields next time.’’ The Assistant Secretary's state ments were made in a speech last night before the District of Colum bia Chapter of Rainbow Division Veterans at the Capitol Park Hotel. Americans l.ood Fighters. Col. Johnson declared that the American people have no reason to fear any foreign forces which might threaten the Nation's welfare. “Americans are good fighters,” he explained, “and it doesn't matter whether they come from the country or from the city, whether they were born in this country or have migrated from a foreign land only a short time before. It doesn't mat ter so long as they are real Amer icans. for there is no finer soldier in the world than the American boy." Elmer F. Neagle, member of the District Chapter, who was recently elected national president of the Rainbow Division Veterans, joined Col. Johnson in hoping that the United States can keep out of war. “But if the time does come when we are forced to go to war,” Mr. Neagle declared, “we veterans will join with younger men and. if neces sary, go thousands of miles away from home to fight for our country.” Sailing Date Remembered. Both Col. Johnson and Mr. Neagle commented upon the fact that last week marked the anniversary of the Rainbow Division's embarkation from Hoboken, N. J., in 1917, and that the division was the first Amer ican unit to fight on foreign soil in the World War. Final plans for the chapter's au tumn dance, scheduled for Novem ber 4 at the Indian Spring <Md.) Golf Club, were discussed by Frank M. Stockton, Dance Committee chairman. And it was announced that the chapter soon will honor John L. De Witt, commander of the Army War College here for several years, who has been promoted to the rank of lieutenant general and is to be transferred on December 1 to San Farncisco, Calif. Mexico Asked to Deport Mail Fraud Suspect Bv the Associated Press. NUEVO LAREDO. Mexico. Oct. 21. —Walter E. Tobey, described by United States Postal Inspector J. E. Speake as a fugitive from Phila delphia on a charge of using the ; mails to defraud, tried to block de portation from Mexico today by fil I ing a writ of habeas corpus. Inspector Speake, who said Tobey was at liberty under $75,000 bond in ! Philadelphia when he was arrested in Guadalajara, Mexico, on Septem ber 21, came here September 27 to | receive Tobey. Pauline Mokler, 20, Newark, N. J., is held in jail at Laredo, Tex., in de fault of $10,000 bond on a charge of harboring and concealing a fugitive. The charge against the young woman was filed by Inspector Speake after he said she had been in Mexico : with Tobey. LIBERAL ALLOWANCE FOR YOUR PRESENT CAR ON A NEW 1940 Pontiac H. J. BROWN PONTIAC, Inc Direct Factory Dealers Besslrn, Va. (Just Across Key BrMsel ' " ' • ~ -lyTp^y A ITIU TIM* TO •**«#. Hh wot. SMR0U1^^» IE0LITZ SC100L OP LANGUAGES till OtRMctltit Ava, ha. mi Mtxt to tht MayHomr -- ON RECORD l HAVE 103,491 MlUii tulinn. This It PPtitlrc prtat pf par rallpbUHr. ANY MAKE WATCH • OSES'r...* J-j; ADAMS : ssTpSL?* it ■ JUJattcJ Hp QttrtnlcrP ppp WIW Ittt H Bm WUm i BRING THIS COUPON tTyttil... flaw IP SS.I 7Bc| WuSSart—'« Lamtt Watch Or J. F. ADAMS r st. m.w. mb». mm a TERMITES Most of our lobs come through tha recommendation of our customers. free Inspection Guaranteed Treatment TERMITE CONTROL CO. A Washtnoton-Owned Company W O. Prnitt. Mar. Natl. Press Bids NatL *711 "Ask Our Customera" M. SCHNIDER SWISS WATCH REPAIRER —la happy la annonnee te hla frleMs and customers that ha la aaw hack In hia place af bnaineaa. WATCHES SOLD AND REPAIRED 527 9th St., Cor. F Boom 203. Atlas Bldc. Phene NAt. 8380 I Here’s What Yon Get ★ First iislil; single Titian lenses—ar a Genuine Krrptak bifocals (/or distant and near vision) a Guarantee! gold filled frames. a Modern rimless mountings, a Octagon or any shape lenses, a Stylish Oxford type, a Our one low price. S9.7S. Includes Examination and complete glasses. it Ton CAN'T pay one penny more than S9.70! 932 F St. N.W. Second Floor k _ •Aithbit/fuMay INTKOBUCTORY MICE MIES Don’t Wait ...ENROLL TODAY! Between now and your next donee date you con become a superb dancer. You can learn the newest Waltz, Fox Trot, Tango or Rumba. But you must act promptly .. . for our introductory rates will be in- effect for only a short time! Why not enroll'tomorrow . . . become a thrilling dancer in just a few hours. Come in for a dance onalysis this week. Mffllim MUmi—1128 COII. AIL A. |lTRt* pw«i4t Ckain. S'4-5* m H 0»««***i ••"‘‘JL. IMM «*** J!*0«’»>»* ■ ■1 a... yfgjjffw; SSV. w,,w 1 ■ -“EEw — — SUP COVERS 1 ■ CHAIR CAHE1HC H“ | Icuv^ffl ftow MANY OF THe\ ( LATEST DANCE STEPS 1 DO y«n* KNOW? Modernize Your Dancing at low Fall Rates DANCING is lots more fun, for you and your partner, when you know the latest steps. How you'll enjoy the fascinating rhythm of the Rumba, Waltz, Tango. Fox-Trot—after you've had expert Leroy Thayer instruction! You'll dance with new poise, new assur ance and wonderful new pleasure! The course is quick—inexpensive. Enroll now while our low )all rates are still in effect. Come in tomorrow for a guest lesson and dance analysis—without obli gation. Studios open from 10 to 10. Lercif Zftai^er 1215 CONNECTICUT AVE. METROPOLITAN 4121 " OFFICIAL PIANO METROPOLITAN OPERA KNABE Out of Knobe's century of fine piono making comes "■•''NEWEST SPINET I ONLY 39" HIGH ‘ GORGEOUS TONE SMART DESIGN I priced at only *435 in mahogany, slightly more for walnut EASY TERMS ... OLD PIANOS IN TRADE v KITTS 1330 G Street * NAtional 4730 ^O^EN^EV^ P^M^ The Caroline Walker Lovely Colonial Group 3 PIECES *99.50 A quaint Daguerreotype mo I tif with a lovely Colonial ap I peal. Reminiscent of the Pony Express. True pioneer spirit. Named for John and Caroline Walker, who trav eled "Westward ho" with the early pioneers. Excel Ilent craftsmanship. Choice of woods . . . mellow beech or warm-tone walnut. 3 pieces include Bed, Chest and choice of Dresser or Vanity. All mirrors in cluded. Additional pieces correspondingly priced. !