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iSTUSS. STST*• ,0' “ 11 jt I Y Nighttime on Europe's Bottlefields
'puH^tt «t» I I In^oin ^Pn r erA^?rMU r*port I ^ I Is Press Time on The Star
Closing New York Markets—Sales, Page 20 v.^ J t “
87th YEAR. No. 34,899. WASHINGTON, D. C., SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 18, 1939—FORTY-TWO PAGES. ** THREE CENTS.
mmm i — 1 • r1 1 - - . -■ 1 --- . —— — . . - - - _*
3 More Czechs
Reich Strikes at
Revolt by Treason
Germany forced dismember
ment. of Czechoslovakia in the
fall of 1938 and. last March took
over Bohemia-Moravia and Slo
vakia as protectorates. Czech
unrest has shown itself sporadic
ally sivre then, but particularly
in last feiv days. Students are re
ported to be intriguing to loosen
Germany's hold on the former
By the Associated Press.
PRAGUE, Nov. 18.—Three more
Czechs, including two policemen,
were shot today for "acts of vio
lence against a German,” it was
10-Hour Work Day in
By the Associated Press.
BERLIN. Nov. 18—Robert
Ley. leader of the Nazi labor
front, announced today that a
10-hour day would be estab
lished in essential industries.
The pay scale for the 9th and
10th hours will be the same as
for the first eight, but will be
tax free. An extra pay rate
will be established for night
and holiday work, but women
will not be asked to work nights.
Ley declared Germany's posi
tion was improving all the time
"Our irrevocable aim is vie*
tort' and therewith the final
destruction of England and the
domination of its moneybags
over the rest of the people of
Hitherto the standard work
day has been eight hours.
The identity of the third was not
With the nine Czechs shot yes
terday the total executed for anti
German actions reached 12.
Treason Law Extended
BERLIN. Nov. 18 (A>) ’The power
of Nazi authorities to deal with al
leged ‘'rebellious activities” in Bo
hemia-Moravia was reported broad
ened today by extension of German
law against treason to the pro
Nine Czechs were executed yes
terday and Czech academies were
ordered closed for three years as a
result of student disturbances
against the Nazi masters of the
Only meager details were disclosed
officially about the executions, but
it, was stated the nine included two
policemen and seven Prague uni
versity students. They were charged
with assaulting German citizens
during an anti-German demonstra
vvnemer any ufinmns nan Devil
killed could not be determined.
Authorized sources insisted that
order prevailed today in the pro
tectorate and that 99 per cent of the
population disapproved of what they
termed attempts to sow dissension
by youthful followers of former
President Eduard Benes.
“These youngsters forget this is
war,” one commentator said. "In
such times especially it will not do
for universities to become hotbeds
of anti-government intrigue.”
The newspaper Deutsche Allege
meine Zeitung said Nazi treason law
had been imposed “in addition to
the old Czech law for defense of the
Gives Nazis Extensive Power.
Invocation of the German treason
law. which was enacted in the Reich
April 24, 1934, would give Nazi au
thorities extensive power in dealing
with the situation in the protector
ate. Treasonable actions, which are
broadly defined, are punishable by
severe penalties—and in extreme
cases by death.
The general principle underlying
the law is that “whoever creaks
faith with his own people and by
treasonable action endangers the
existence of the commonwealth has
forfeited his life.”
Among the definitions of treason
believed particularly applicable in
the Prague situation are ‘acts foi
bringing about or maintaining or
ganized contact” with enemies ol
the state; attempts to “keep the
army or police from fulfilling their
duties,” or efforts to “influence the
masses through writings, phono
graph records, pictures, or .radio
Dr. Hacha Reported III.
At the same time, Adolf Hitler'!
newspaper Voelkischer Beobachtei
(See-CZECHS, Page A-12.)
Raider Admiral Scheer
Reported East of Africa
■r the Associated Pres*.
LONDON, Nov. 18.—A Reuter:
(British news agency) dispatch froir
Lourenco Marquez, Portuguese Easi
Africa, said today that survivors o;
the British tanker Africa Shell hac
identified the German pocket bat
tleship Admiral Scheer as the raide)
which sank their vessel.
The 706-ton Africa Shell was sunt
Wednesday in Portuguese waters o£
the coast of Mozambique. Reuteri
said survivors had identified thi
Admiral Scheer from photographs
Whereabouts of the Admira
Scheer had been the subject o
speculation since September 30
when the raider was reported t<
have sunk the British steame
Clement off the coast of Brazil. I
had been considered possible tha
the pocket battleship since ha<
rounded Cape Horn into the Paciff
Allies and Germany
Battle for Yugoslav
French-Owned Bor Mine,
On Bulgarian Border, Is
Object- of Struggle
Rv RICHARD MOWRER.
Ch>c*BO Daily News Poreiyn Correspondent.
BELGRADE, Nov. 18.—A dramatic
: sidelight to the war in Europe is
the bitter tug-of-war for economic
advantages, going on here between
the Germans on the one hand and
the allies on the other, with Yu
goslavia in between, wanting to
please everybody and remain neu
i tral at the same time.
The great attraction here for the
belligerent powers is the copper
: mine at Bor, near the Bulgarian
! border—the biggest copper mine in
Europe. It is French-owned and
| yields 60.000 tons of unrefined cop
j pei yearly^ tyrjgated to be .worth.
[ $10,000,000. Before the war between
j 7.000 and 8.000 tons of Bor copper
went to Germany.
Another important reason for this
economic tug-of-war here is the
great lead and zinc mine at Trep
cha, in South Serbia. This mine
is British-owned, employs 20,000
workers and has an annual pro
duction estimated to be worth $4,
j 000,000. Before the war two-flfths
of the Trepcha mine output went
formerly t.ot Yugoslav Bauxite.
Before the war Germany used to
import 350,000 tons of bauxite
yearly—vital for the manufacture
of aluminum used for airplanes—
from Yugoslavia’s rich mines near
the Dalmatian coast. When the
war started the British seized two
i shipments of bauxite totaling 15.000
tons destined for Germany.
Shipments to Germany of vital
j war-useful minerals came almost to
I a complete halt at the outbreak of
the war and since then the Germans
| have been trying here to keep a
steady stream of supplies of min
erals and ore flowing into Germany,
i Early in October the permanent
German - Yugoslav trade mission
met to discuss new trade agree
ments. In the previous May Ger
many had offered Yugoslavia 2,000,
000 Reichsmarks ($800,000) of mer
j chandise credit and the promise of
! immediate deliveries of armaments,
i machinery and railroad equipment
in return for Yugoslavia's pledge
I of a steady export to Germany over
I a 10-year period. Yugoslavia turned
j down the offer because it regaroed
! it as a mortgage on its future trade.
At the October meeting the Ger
mans made a similar suggestion,
demanded that their quota of “min
erals from Yugoslavia be doubled,
and offered immediate deliveries of
arms, including anti-tank guns,
from the Skoda Works whose de
livery was long overdue, and Mes
serschmidt fighters. The Germans
had plenty of finished products to
spare, originally intended for South
American and other markets, which
could now be diverted to Yugo
slavia in exchange for precious ore.
If they could make arrangements
with the Yugoslavs for steady de
livery of raw material to Germany
over a period of time it would di
minish the possibility of the allies
coming up to Yugoslavia and buy
ing its raw materials to keep them
from going to Germany.
At about this time Prance and
Britain made demarches to the
Yugoslav government to block ship
i ments of minerals to Germany and
1 See ~COPPEr7 Page A-12.)
The students of the Francis
Junior High School will be
featured in a dramatic and
musical Thanksgiving tribute
tonight over WMAL at 7:30
; This will be the fourth of
a special junior high school
; . series sponsored by The Star
S with the co-operation of the
! Board of Education and the
1 National Broadcasting Co.
During Gun Battle
In Illinois Town
Had Been Hunted Since
Wednesday in Shooting
Of State Patrolman
B* the Associated Press.
SHAWNEETOWN. 111.. Nov. 18 — j
| Willard Shockley, 23-year-old ex
convict for whom a ‘kill on sight"
' order had been issued, was shot
i and killed here early today in a
! 15-minute gun battle with Sheriff
| Ed Hines and Deputy Reuben Davis. ’
Shockley had been hunted since
Wednesday night in connection with
I the shooting of State Highway
Patrolman Cecil Brokmver, who is
near death in a Harrisburg, 111.,
Prom eye witness accounts of j
the battle which raged in the heart
of the downtown district shortly!
I before 8 o’clock, Shockley wu
1 trapped 'in this manner:
He was picked up along a highway
west of town by Noah Kurst.ine, j
owner of a mine, who thought he .
; recognized the youth from news
He drove into town and parked
in front of the courthouse.
Orders Pair of Overalls.
When he got out of the car—to
tip off the sheriff—Shock!.;;* oashed
into a clothing store He ordered
a pair of overalls but before they
could be wrapped up iJeputy Sheriff
Davis came in and ordered him to
onocKiev wniriea around and
reached for Ills gun. Davis fired
the first shot into his stomach. The
! youth then ran out a back door,
tiring several shots that went wild.
Ke ran two blocks and hid behind
a small shed from where he again
opened fire. He finally climbed into j
the back seat of a parked car.
When Sheriff Hines asked him to
give himself up, Shockley yelled:
•'Come and get me.”
Sheriff Hines ordered the large
crowd of curious onlookers to stand 1
back, then he and Davis started
blasting away at the desperado.
HU in Right Temple.
The machine was rindled with
bullets. One hit Shockley in the
right temple and emerged above
the left ear. At least three others
hit their mark.
Supt. Walter Williams of the
State Police had identified Shock
ley as Brokmver's assailant and is
sued an order to “kill him on sight.”
The State trooper wao shot when
he stopped the youth to question
him concerning a holdup.
Shockley also had been identified
by Chief of Police ltichard W. Nuse
of Wood River, 111., as the com
panion of Mary Jane Watson, 17,
who was arrested at Alton, 111., No
vember 8 and admitted she held up
three restuarants with a young man
“for the thrill of it.” She refused
to name her companion.
3 British Planes
Are Driven Off,
B, i,he Associated Press.
BERLIN, Nov. 18.—Germany to
day claimed a triple success in the
air war against the allies in Nazi
flights over France and Britain and
the announcement three British
planes had been driven off en route
to the Wilhelmshaven naval base.
The high command said in a
communique on yesterday’s develop
ments that "an attempt by three
British planes to attack Wilhelms
haven failed through timely action
• The British air ministry,
however, reported last night that
Royal Air Force planes success
fully photographed "an impor
tant German naval base,” though
they encountered heavy anti
Yesterdays flight of a German
scouting plane to the west coast of
England was described by DNB, of
ficial German news agency, as one
of the most daring yet undertaken.
The press at the same time ex
pressed jubilation over flights over
"the entire French airspace.”
Nazi scouting planes, DNB said,
yesterday penetrated into France as
far as Bordeaux and executed re
connaissance missions over the
Shetlaftd and Orkney Islands.
French Digging In.
French troops were reported by
DNB. official German news agency,
to be digging in east of the Moselle
River during a lull in fighting on the
Replacements for long-range ar
tillery have been constructed by the
French in this sector, DNB said.
The entire northern end of the
front from the Moselle to the Rhine
was reported quiet yesterday except
for occasional artillery fire at iso
lated points. The Upper Rhine also
was quiet save for intermittent
French machine gun fire directed
against the German bank near
Nazis Hold Newsprint
On Swedish Steamer
Bt the Associated Press.
BERLIN. Nov. 18. — Authorized
sonrces said today the Swedish
steamer Valparaiso, seized by the
German Navy with her cargo of
newsprint, would be held by Ger
many until officials were fully satis
fied the ship was really going to
South America. It was bound for
Peru. Chile and other countries on
the west coast of South America.
Meanwhile. Berlin official sources
renewed discussion of the case in
volving the American ship City of
Flint, captured by Germany and
later released, by asserting that the
Stockholm newspaper Tidnlngen
had reported the American sailor
on whose account the German prize
crew entered Haugesund. Norway,
lies critically ill in a Bergen hos
This, German sources said, dis
proves the Norwegian contention
there was no need for the vessel to
enter the port.
Lima. Peru, agents of the 3,759-ton
steamer Valparaiso reported the
ship was seized yesterday and taken
to a German port for examination.
The Valparaiso sailed from Gothen
burg. Sweden, October 15.
Capture of the ship caused con
cern in South American publishing
circles. The agents said she was
destined for Peru, Chile and other
neutral countries on the Western
coast, where newsprint supplies were
Attacked by Mad Boar,
Farmer Fights for Life
By the As«oclaled Press.
SANTA ROSA, Calif., Nov. 18.—
The victim of a vicious attack by
a maddened, 600-pound boar, E. G.
Mattei, 60-year-old rancher of the
Alpine Valley, clung perilously to
life today. Physicians held little
hope for his recovery.
Mattei had fed his pigs yesterday
and was leaving the pen when the
boar lunged at him, knocked him
down, pulled out two of his ribs
with its tusks and slashed him.
The rancher managed to roll
partly under the fence, but his legs
were caught and the boar continued
its attack. Mattel’s cries brought
his family on the run. They drove
off the maddened beast with clubs.
$2,C33,C33 Drive for
Or Dimes Asked
To Raise Quota
Determined to halve by Monday
the sum still to be collected to
push the Community Chest cam
paign over the top, volunteer work
ers launched an intensive week
end drive today.
Short of their *2.000.000 goal by
33 per cent, the campaigners have
only two report meetings left be
fore the end of the drive Wednes
day. Approximately 15,000 of last
year's contributors are yet to be
Before the close of the last re
port meeting of the week in the
Willard Hotel yesterday, Chauncey
G. Parker, jr., campaign chairman,
advised the volunteers to ask the
contributors to add an extra dime
or quarter to their gifts.
"If each giver of a dollar.” he
said, "would add even a nickel to
his gift, it would stack up to a
sum that might be all that was
necessary to put the campaign
Confidence that the campaign
in its final days would plunge
ahead to the goal was expressed at
the meeting by Federal Works Ad
ministrator John Carmody. who
cited an example from his own ex
perience illustrating that many
times more can be done in a brief
period than over a longer time.
He wished the workers Godspeed
with the sentiment that their efforts
were ‘‘an eloquent description of *
genuine American democracy at
The agency story of the day was
told by Miss Stella Plants, executive i
of the Department of the Blind.
Family Service Association, who de
scribed the successful guidance given
an 11-year-old boy suddenly and i
Not only was the boy. assisted by
his classmates, kept in the school he !
had attended before he went blind,
but his family was taught by the
blind organization to help him re
build his self-confidence and lead a
normal family life, she said.
The total contributions reported
at the meeting came to 117.514
pledges for $1,340,609. or 67.03 per
cent of the goal.
The daily gift of flowers went to
Chester Caywood, chairman of the
Meetings Unit, who is now ill. Trib
ute was paid to Mr. Caywood’s work
in setting up the machinery for the
Dr. Harold G. Moulton, head of
the Brookings Institution, who made
the report for the Group Solicita
tion Unit, introduced representa
tives from nine private schools
which have contributed generously
to the campaign.
Schools represented were Holton
Arms, National Cathedral School,
Gunston Hall, Landon School,
Mount Vernon Seminary, Chevy
Chase Junior College, St. Albans
i (See CHEST,'Page A-4.)
Invasion of Kwangsi
Reported by Japanese
By the Associated Press.
HONG KONG, J^ov. 18.—Japanese
I campaign headquarters on Dragon's
j Head Island In the Gulf of Tonking
| reported today that a drive aimed
at Southwestern Chinese supply
routes to French Indo-China and
Burnpa had penetrated Kwangsi
province and captured a walled town
30 miles from Nanning, the provin
The Japanese indicated little re
sistance was encountered in the 50
mile advance from the Southern
coast. Earlier today they had an
nounced occupation of Yamhsien, a
city in Western Kwangtung prov
ince near the Kwangsi border.
They said Chinese forces had left
the city and its 20,000 civilians un
defended. Yamhsien ia 45 miles
Northwest of Pakhoi, treaty port on
the Gulf of Tonking, and about 30
miles inland from where the Japa
nese landed Wednesday under cov
ering fire from warships.
Chinese government sources ac
knowledged that the Japanese had
advanced 30 miles since Wednesday
and that they had approached
! m I WONDER WHOl
THEYlL PUTIN )
All His Work Done for Him
Usher's 'Fire Drill'
By fhe Associated Press.
FLORENCE, S. C„ Nov. 18 —
A pencil of flame leaped under
the balcony. Seventeen-vear
old Woodrow Cook, usher in the
theater, noticed it.
He stopped the motion picture
machine, walked on the stage,
"Folks, you know there is a
State law requiring fire drills to
be held in theaters. We are
going to have one now."
He asked the patrons to form
a line and file out. A few min
utes after they were on the
street parts of the room began
The fire which broke out at a
matinee yesterday razed the
2 Masked Men Hold Up
Rail Agent and Flee
With 7 Mail Pouches
Bandits Speed Away in
Car; Sacks Contained
No Money, inspector Says
By the Associated Press.
MONROE CITY. Mo . Nov. 18 -
Two masked bandits held up Sta
tion Agent A. G. Squires in the
Chicago, Burlington <fe Quincy Rail
road depot here early today and
escaped with seven mail pouches.
Postal Inspector Tom Rhea of
Hannibal, •Mo., said the pouches
contained no money, although three
were first class mail.
Chief of Police Tom Spalding said
the bandits stepped into the railroad
depot about 3 a.m., where Mr.
Squires worked alone.
One of them ordered Mr. Squires
to keep his back turned for five
The two men then took the mail
pouches and sped away in a car.
Holt Asks explanation
For Fueling British Ship
By the Associated Press.
Senator Holt, Democrat, of West
Virginia demanded yesterday that
the United States Navy give a
“complete explanation” of why the
British light cruiser Caradoc was
allowed to load fuel at the San
Diego, Calif., naval depot Thursday
SenatoV Holt, member of the Sen
ate Naval Affairs Committee, said
"there should be some exceptional
reason for allowing armed warships
of a belligerent to come into an
American port, load oil and then
depart.’ He added that “it appears
some public officials are trying to
get this country involved.”
Chairman Bloom of the House
Foreign Affairs Committee told re
porters “the Senator is unduly
alarmed and I think he’ll get a
satisfactory answer” from Acting
Secretary of the Navy Edison.
Representative Bloom called at
tention to a section of the Neu
trality Act allowing belligerent war
ships to enter American harbors.
Under that section they must leave
within 24 hours after taking aboard
only enough fuel to carry them to
the closest port of their country.
Suit Is Settled
After 19 Years
D. C. Court Approves Plan
To Sell $28,000,000
Ending an anti-trust case that
had been hanging fire 19 years. Jus
tice Jennings Bailey in the District
Court today approved a plan under
which Swift & Co, will dispose of
its $28,000,000 holdings in Libby.
McNeill & Libby.
The action today resulted from a
consent decree entered in the Su
preme Court of the District of Co
lumbia on February 27. 1920. between
the Government and Swift Co.
and other packing companies which
enjoined them from the manufac
turing. jobbing, selling, transport
ing, distributing or otherwise deal
ing with 114 different commodities,
including canned goods groceries,
cereals, grain and confectionery
Called Major Victory.
In announcing Justice Bailey's
approval of the dissolution plan, a
Department of Justice statement
described it as a "major anti-trust
Swift holdings include 96.684 oi
the 97.300 outstanding shares ot
preferred stock of Libby and more
than 1.850.000 of the 2.460.000 shares
outstanding of common stock.
The department statement said
that while the court approved the
general plan many steps must be
taken prior to the public sale of
this stock which will be about May
of next year.
Six years ago the District Court
appointed a trustee to dispose of
the stock and the department said
that since April Swift & Co. has
entered into an agreement with
Glore, Porgan <fc Co., investment
bankers of Chicago and New York,
contemplating the sale toffhis con
cern and other underw’riters of the
“Principal provisions of the plan,"
the department explained, "include
the reorganization of the Libby,
McNeill & Libby Co., w’hich will le
sult in 4,000,000 common shares of
a par value of $7 a share. The 6
per cent cumulative preferred shares
of a par value of $100 a share will
be increased to permit their is
suance on 12 common-for-one-pre
ferred share basis.”
German Planes Reported
Firing on Dutch Craft
By the Associated Press.
THE HAGUE, Nov. 18.—The gov
ernment announced today that tw'o
German flying boats had appeared
over Holland and one had fired at
Netherland planes which attacked
it. Apparently neither the German
nor the Netherlands planes were
The German aircraft were sighted
over the island of Vlialand off the
northern coast. Both headed back
toward Germany after the en
The government said it had pro
tested against the violation of Hol
land's neutrality and the shooting
i at Netherlands planes over their
8 More U. S.
Reveals Details of
By ordinary habits of war and
blockades, belligerents may halt,
search and sometimes seize neu
tral vessels if engaged in contra
band trade. Placing major reli
ance on their efforts to beat
Germany by economic methods,
British and French are inter
cepting all shipping heading
either directly or indirectly
toward the Reich. On smaller
scale, Germans are attempting to
do same, their efforts being more
effective in North Sea than in
Bv GARNETT D. HORNER.
The State Department today re
ported temporary detention of eight
more United States ships by British
authorities, bringing to 48 the list
of cases of interference with Ameri
can shipping .by belligerents since
the war in Europe began.
The report showed 33 detentions
by the British, 10 by the French, 4
by the Germans and 1 by an un
it was explained at me state ue
partment that most of the vessels
ordinarily put into belligerent ports
en route to their destinations volun
tarily, and that the principal diffi
culty that has arisen so far has
been delay involved in examination
of the vessels and their cargoes be
fore being permitted to proceed.
City of Flint Exception.
An outstanding exception to this
general rule was the seizure of the
City of Flint by a German prize
crew, which held the vessel until
it was released by Norwegian au
thorities on November 4.
The City of Flinf was held for 27
days, the longest detention re
ported. The average period of de
tention was eight days. Altogether
44 ships were detained, four of these
being stopped twice.
All of the ships reported detained
have been released except the
Cafcomo of the Tampa Interocean
Steamship Co., which was held for
examination on its arrival Thurs
day at Weymouth, England.
So far, no formal claims for loss
of cargoes seized have been filed.
Officials here have no accurate in
formation on how many ship oper
ators have been compensated by
This Government recognizes the
right of belligerents to halt neu
tral ships at sea for examination
of their papers and cargoes to de
termine whether they may be car
rying contraband to the enemy. It
is this policy that has led many
of the American vessels voluntarily
to put into belligerent ports for
Eight New Cases;
The eight new cases of interfer
ence by the British, reported to the
department since November 8. when
it listed 40 cases, involved the fol
The Ipswich, owned by the Water
man Steamship Corp., whose cargo,
billed for Bremen and Hamburg,
was seized on September 20. the ship
being released September 30.
The Iberville, another Waterman
ship, whose cargo, destined for Ant
werp and Rotterdam, was seized
October 13: released October 23.
The Gateway City, also owned by
Waterman, whose cargo, billed for
Antwerp and Rotterdam, was seized
October 16: released October 31.
Cargoes and Mail Seized.
The Wacosta, also owned by
Waterman, whose cargo, billed for
Rotterdam, was seized October 24;
released November 8.
The Exeter, owned by the Ameri
can Export Lines, detained at Gib
raltar and 700 bags of United States
mail for Germany removed on No
vember 6: relased same day.
The Exminster, also of the Ameri
can Export Lipes, detained at Gib
raltar on NovC 1 and released No
vember 6 without any confiscation
The Express, another American
Export Lines ship, detained at Gib
raltar on November 8 and released
the same day after examination.
The Lafcomo of the Tampa In
terocean Steamship Co., which ar
rived at Weymouth, England, on
Senator Sees 'Strong'
By the Associated Press.
Senator Murray, Democrat, of
Montana, an administration sup
porter, declared today "There is a
strong feeling throughout the coun
try that President Roosevelt should
run for a third term.”
Senator Murray said recent state
ments from former Senator McAdoo
of California and Secretary of Ag
riculture Wallace had "tended to
Increase general agitation” for a
third term. Both Senator McAdoo
and Secretary Wallace said Mr.
Roosevelt should run again.
"There is no doubt that the Presi
dent could be renominated and re
elected.” Senator Murray added. “I
don’t think he wants to run again,
but I believe the country wants
The Senator expressed his views
in a talk with reporters after re
turning from a vacation in New
Irish Again Appeal
To U. S. to End Ship Ban
By the Associated Press.
CORK, Ireland, Nov. 18.—A Cork
delegation appealed today to United
States Minister John Cudahy to
seek renewal of normal United
States shipping services to Ireland.
It claimed Cork had suffered from
financial losses and unemployment
because Ireland is in the combat
zone designated by President Roose
velt under the neutrality law and
United States ships are forbidden to
trade within the zone.
Mexico Leads Move to Obtain
More U. S. Capital Investments
Financial Pioneering Is Necessary,
Pan-American Parley Is Advised
American investments in Latin
America, among the lirgest of
this country’s interests abroad,
have suffered in recent years
from anti-foreign movements
aimed at freeing the Latin coun
tries from their semi-colonial
relationship to the world powers.
Mexico in March, 193ft, expro
priated the foreign-owned oil
By the Associated Press
GUATEMALA CITY, Nov. 18
Investment of "essential capital”
in Latin American enterprises, with
the United States indicated as the
desired investor, was proposed in
a resolution apparently assured of
adoption by the Pan American
treasury conference today.
The suggestion, by Eduardo Villa
senor, Mexican finance minister, was
approved at an informal meeting
last night, which delegates of most
of the 19 represented countries at
A formal session for action on this
and other resolutions was scheduled
for this afternoon, although some
delegates said it might be postponed
Depend on Investments.
“I want to establish clearly that
projects of Latin American advance
ment depend directly on capital in
vestments and that all talk of the
great future of our countries with
their present lack of capital re
serves is nothing but sir,” said
“We can hope that now the prin
cipal is firmly established that
American governments accept the
inescapable task of creating ma
chinery to make such investments
"Plainly, the United States is the
key to such a creation.
“We can only hope that when this
problem arises, the United States
will realize that the economic future
of the hemisphere where the United
States is inevitably located, and
with whose destiny she is forever
linked, depends on the financial pio
neering and co-operating of our
good neighbor to the North.”
Proposed Central Bank.
Villasenor earlier had proposed
creation of a central bank to handle
exchange and credits among Amer
ican countries, but it was learned
that a number of delegates at a
closed session of the Monetary Com
mittee felt it was too complicated to
adopt without extended investiga
He then introduced the invest
ment resolution, which, he said, was
"substantially what I had in mind.”
The United States was not specifi
cally mentioned in the resolution,
which called for “essential capital”
for industrial and agricultural de
velopment and to stabilize American
The present week-long conference
was arranged by the Lima Pan- i
American Conference last December '
specifically to discuss mutual treas- 1
ury and exchange problems.
Summary of Today's Star
Amusements. Obituary ...A-12
B-20 Radio ----- A-17
Church News, Real Estate.
Comics B-18-19 Society A-9
Finance - A-20 Sports A-18-19
Editorials A-10 Woman's Page,
Lost, Found.B-12 A-13
Nazis claim air attack on Wilhelms
haven repulsed. Page A-l
Mexico leads move for more U. S.
capital investments. Page A-l
Three more Czechs executed by
Germans. Page A-l
Mexican court argues decision on oil
expropriation. Page A-8
Allies may be laying basis for Eu
rope’s federalism. Page A-8
Civil liberties group opens California
hearings next week. Page A-3
Robber is shot three times by son
of slain grocer. Page A-3
Mrs. Kuhn to testify at bund trial
Monday. Page A-2
Washington and Vicinity.
i Police investigate series of armed
I holdups. Page A-12
Institution for mentally handicapped
pupils urged Ih D. C. Page A-22
Death brings D. C. traffic toll to 76
for year. Page A-22
Traditional games topped by 63d
Yale-Princeton tilt. Page A-18
Western favored over Eastern for
high school title. Page A-18
Redskins wary of lowly Cardinals
in tussle tomorrow. Page A-19
Ray Flaherty cites upset outlook in
pro grid league. Page A-19
Editorial and Comment
This and That. Page A-18
Answers to Questions. Page A-19
Letters to The Star. Page A-18
David Lawrence. Page A-ll
Alsop and Kintner. Page A-ll
G. Gould Lincoln. Page A-ll
Lemuel Parton. Page A-ll
Jay Franklin. Page A-ll
Nature’s Children. Page B-12
Vital Statistics. Page B-12
Service Orders. Page B-12
Bedtime Story. Page B-19
Cross-Word Puzzle. Page B-18
Letter-Out. Page B-18
Winning Contract. Page B-19
Uncle Ray's Comer. Page B-19
World's Fair Got Only $1,376
In Bad Money Out of 93 Million
By the Associated Press.
The Secret Service reported hap
pily today that of the $93,772,195
spent by 25,780.127 persons at the
New York World's Pair, only $1.
376.20 was found to be counterfeit
or “queer” money.
Supervisory officials said the
counterfeit percentage was “reduced
to the negligible figure of .00001467,
which is a record of which the serv
ice may well be proud.”
No single reason was given for
the showing. Officials thought it
might have been due to a combina
tion of factors, among them a pos
sible indication of better times, since
counterfeiting declines in such
periods. They pointed 'to the fact
the percentage had dropped general
ly in recent years and last year
only $490,636.20 in “hot" money had
been seized throughout the land.
Other reasons advanced were
stricter enforcement Tinder more
severe conspiracy laws that punish
distributors as heavily as the manu
facturers, and avoidance of the fair
by the “wise guys” or “big money”
handlers because of a belief it would
be closely watched.
Secret Service agents were as
signed to a special office in the ex
position grounds on the opening day
to instruct cashiers and other money
handlers in the art of detecting
In a letter of appreciation to
Prank J. Wilson, Secret Service
chief, John J. Sullivan, director of
public safety for the fair, said he
felt sure that the “very efficient and
high standard of duty performed
by these Secret Service agents was
responsible for the small amount of
counterfeit money exchanged.”
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