OCR Interpretation


Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, February 13, 1940, Image 19

Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045462/1940-02-13/ed-1/seq-19/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for B-1

Washington News %ht Society and General g
■■ - .-.-. ■ ■■ • ' , ....
WASHINGTON, D. TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 13, 1940. *** , ' B—I
r- ; —-*
Tax Exemptions
Seen Putting
D. C. in Red
General Overhauling
Forecast as House
Members Protest
Large-scale exemptions of Fed
eral employes from the District in
come tax on the basis of legal resi
dence elsewhere probably would
plunge the District into the red, and
require either a larger Federal con
tribution or a revised tax structure,
according to opinions expressed to
day at the District Building
Protests against levying the tax
against Federal employes main
taining legal residences in the
States, made on the floor of rhe
House yesterday, forecast a general
overhauling of the entire District
Revenue Act, the heart of which
is the income tax provision.
The Fiscal Affairs Subcommittee
of the ' House District Committee
plans to convene within a few days
to consider a series of amendments
to the act. Subcommittee Chairman
Nichols intimated a move may be
made to substitute a sales tax for
the income levy.
9i.uw.uuu Revenue Hoped.
It was recalled at the District
Building that some $1,000,000 was
expected from the personal income
tax for the first year. At the same
time the 1941 District budget now
before Congress comes, as far as
the general fund alone is concerned,
within $1,140 of anticipated revenue.
Thus any considerable falling off in
the income tax yield would put the
District in the hole.
Some officials pointed out that the
present situation was predicted in
the Pond report of last year, in
which a combination sales and in
come tax was recommended with
an estimated yield of more than
$6,000,00. It was predicted the tax
situation would be reopened, pos
sibly with the Pond report as a
basis. Others, however, thought the
problem of exemptions could be
Ironed out without going back to
the sales tax feature of the report.
Meanwhile, it was established that
bo District officials have yet been
asked to draw up amendments to
the tax act. with the exception of
a few “clarifying amendments" be
ing prepared by Corporation Coun
sel Elwood H. Seal.
Difficulty Predicted.
Tax proposals, baaed on the Pond !
survey, at the time the present in
come tax was adopted, called for a
2 per cent sales tax. a graduated
Income levy, applying t» incomes
over $104)00, and a 6 per cent cor
poration income tax. In connec
tion with the imposipgof an income
tftx, the Pond report said:
“Many of the States will require
the Federal employes to pay an in
come tax on their salaries in order
to maintain a voting residence.
Thus, Federal employes who desire
to vote in their home States will be
subject to triple taxation—that is, a
Federal tax, a State tax and a Dis
trict tax, unless permitted to credit
State income taxes paid against the
District tax. If such a situation
6hould arise, it is probable that Con
gress would not require Federal em
ployes to pay a District income tax,
and the District would derive ma
terially less revenue as a result."
It was the prospect of such a
“triple taxation” which precipitated
the protests in the House yesterday.
First hints that the tax structure
might be revised came from Chair- ;
man Randolph on the House floor
yesterday afternoon as he piloted
through a bill to permit payment of j
the income tax in two equal install- i
ments.
Halts Move in House.
Several House members, aroused
by the recent ruling that Federal
employe's domiciled in Washington
would have to pay the local income
tax even though they pay an in
come tax to the State in which they
vote, threatened to make a move to
amend the split income tax pay
ment bill without further delay. Mr.
Randolph, however, assured them
his committee would soon propose
legislation to correct this situation
and any other “inequities” that may
exist.
As a result, the House passed the
bill with but one amendment and
sent it to the Senate. The only
change, insisted on by Representa
tive Rankin, Democrat, of Missis
sippi would exempt from the income
tax pensions paid veterans of all
wars by the Federal Government.
The income tax under existing law
would have to be paid in full March
15. The House-approved bill would
permit payment of the first half of
the tax April 15 and the second half
October 15.
Mr. Nichols said the proposals to
amend the Revenue Act paves the
way for scrapping the income tax.
May Combine Two.
"The whole subject is open,” he
declared. “We may have to go to a
sales tax or even to the combination
sales-income tax proposed in the
Pond report.
“I said last year this income tax
wasn’t going to work in this juris
diction. Now we’ve got the thing
back in our laps.”
Mr. Nichols said his subcommittee
Would consider seriously all proposed
amendments to the revenue act.
Chief among the amendments
under consideration at the District
Building, it was said, is one that
would save corporations that have
no income in the District from pay
ing the required $25 “filing” fee.
These corporations, however, wOUld
still be required to file a return.
Another amendment under con
sideration would allow a deduction
from the income tax of “capital as
sets” that are sold or become worth
less. A third would eliminate the
requirements for an oath and no-,
tary’s signature on the tax return.
And a fourth would allow an exemp
tion of $100 on incomes from trusts
Sind $1,000 on incomes from estates.
Dr. Fields to Speak
Dr. Russell Fields, staff physician
in charge of the luetic clinic at Gar
field Memorial Hospital, will ad
dress the Ladies’ Board of Garfield
Hospital at 11 am. Thursday in the
Kellogg Building. Mrs. William F.
Burdick, president, will preside.
Height Helped Him Win Job
With Diva, McArthur Recalls
Edwin McArthur rehearses for tomorrow night’s concert.
_*—■Star Staff Photo.
When he was a ’teen-age Denver
bank runner aspiring to a musical
career, Edwin McArthur more than
once was advised to change hi6 name
to Arturo or Leopold.
“Musicians with foreign-sounding
nsftnes seem to get ahead faster In
this country.” his friends said.
But the 32-year-old McArthur,
who will be guest conductor of the
National Symphony Orchestra to
morrow night at Kirsten Flagstad’s
appearance as soloist at Constitution
Hall, owes his comparatively early
success as a conductor primarily to
the fact that he is unmistakably
American—in name and personality.
And, paradoxically, this success is
attributable in a large degree to a
foreigner —the Norwegian soprano,
Mme. Flagstad.
On her arrival in the United States
for a concert tour, Mme. Flagsted re
ceived a large number of letters from
pianists who wanted to be her ac
companist. The first letter came
from Edwin McArthur, who had
been accompanist for John Charles
Thomas, Elizabeth Rethberg. Ezio
Pinza, Richard Crooks and others.
Liked Tall Appearance.
He was the first and only appli
cant to get a tryout.
“I liked your playing all right,” Mr.
McArthur said Mme. Flagstad told
him later, “but the main reason you
got the job was that you were tall
and I thought you would look nice
with me bn the platform.”
Mr McArthur ia 6 feet tall; Mme.
Flagstwl 5 feet 10 inches.
The Norwegian diva, wishing to
show her appreciation for the en
thusiastic reception American audi
ences gave her, decided to obtain
what musical opportunities she
could for the young American ac
companist.
Proud of Confidence.
Mr. McArthur is proud that Mme.
Flagstad “has sufficient faith in me
and my talents to use her influence
in my behalf. It’s true that through
her I have got a number of engage
ments I could not possibly have ob
tained otherwise, but it is equally
true that it will be up to me and to
me alone to make good in these
engagements.”
Critics in California, Chicago and
other Western and Midwestern
cities have praised Mr. McArthur’s
work as a conductor, particularly
for his interpretation of Wagnerian
music.
Not only is Mr. McArthur the
youngest conductor of major sym
phony orchestras in America, he is
one of the few conductors who sing
the music they direct—at rehearsals.
“Sometimes I forget myself and
start singing during a concert,” he
admitted yesterday after a rehear
sal at Constitution Hall. “Usually,
my wife signals me to hush before
I get too loud," he added, smiling
at Mrs. McArthur, who identified
herself as a “strictly amateur singer
and pianist.
Mr McArthur this afternoon was
to present Walter Reed Hospital
patients with an advance copy of
the Wagner album of five records,
which Mme. Flagstad, Lauritz Mel
chior and the San Francisco Sym
phony Orchestra made under his
direction. The album is to be re
leased nationally tomorrow.
Engaged by Crooks.
As far back as he can remember,
Mr. McArthur’s ambition was to be
an orchestra leader. He got his
start in “big-time" music at the
age of 15. Richard Crooks arrived
in Denver, needed a new accom
panist, heard young McArthur play,
and engaged him on the spot. But
the young man never forgot his
early aspiration. He practiced with
a baton and tried his hand at music
arrangements while a student at
the Juilliard School in New York,
while a teller in a New York bank
earning money to supplement his
music scholarship income, while en
gaged as pianist and arranger for
the Broadway production of George
Gershwin’s “Girl Crazy,” and while
employed as accompanist on con
cert tours.
Conducting before large crowds—
even at his initial concert—did not
frighten Mr. McArthur, he said.
“The only thing that I ever feel
apprehensive about,” he said, “is
that 1 might not hit it off with the
orchestra. That happens to con
ductors sometimes, you know, and
often through no particular fault
of the orchestra or the conductor.
They just don’t get along.”
Hasn’t Happened to Him.
He brushed back his dark, not-too
long, curly hair thoughtfully and
knocked his knuckles against the
wooden chair in which he sat.
“Thank goodness, it hasn’t hap
pened to me so far.”
Asked about rumors that Mme.
Flagstad planned to retire at the
end of the present season, Mr. Mc
Arthur said:
"She’d like to retire, I know.
She’s wanted to for a couple of
years. Concerts keep her away from
her husband in 'Norway, and her
daughter can be with Mme. Flag
stad only part of the time. But she
has told friends recently that ‘with
a war next door to my homeland,
I can’t tell what I will be doing next
yekr.’ ’’
And, at the rate of Mr. McArthur’s
rapid rise, there's no telling what
he will be doing next season either.
Next month, if that’s any indi
cation, he will lead the Philadelphia
Symphony Orchestra in two con
certs in Philadelphia and one con
cert in New York’s Carnegie Hall.
Schulte Sets Stage
For Exposure of
Mediums' 'Fakery'
Moj. Brown Assigns
Police to Probe
'Baby Peddling'
Representative Schulte, Democrat,
of Indiana is making arrangements
today to have U. L. di Ghilini give
a demonstration at the Capitol of
"deceptions” he charges are used
by spirit mediums, fortune tellers,
clairvoyants and others who claim
to have pay chic powers.
49 chairman of tar Police and
Plii Subcommittee if the House
District Committee, fir; Schulte is
Charged with conducting an in
vestigation of the pradtiees in Wash
ington of fortune tellers, soothsayers,
palmists, etc.
It was at the suggestion of Mr. di
Ghilini that the District Committee
yesterday ordered Mr. Schulte’s sub
committee to investigate those per
sons in Washington who claim to
have psychic powers and sell their
services to the public.
Offers te Demonstrate.
Mr. di Ghilini offered to stage
a demonstration before committee
members which, he said, would "ex
pose” the "deceptions” of these
people.
“I’m going to take him up on
that offer,” said Mr. Schiulte. “And
I’m going to call before the subcom
mittee every spiritualist, fortune
teller, palm reader or anybody else
who wants to answer Mr. dl Ghilini.
"I would like to know myself just
how much psychic powers these peo
ple have. I’m going to give some
of them a test by asking them if
President Roosevelt is going to run
for a third term.”
Mr. Schulte explained he had been
on the stage for years before com
ing to Congress and he knows the
practices of the palm readers, clair
voyants and others is “fakery.”
Aside from Mr. Schulte’s inves
tigation, the committee ordered Po
lice Supt. Ernest W. Brown to check
up on newspaper stories that “baby
peddling” agencies exist in Wash
ington.
Police Co-operation Pledged.
Maj. Brown said today this was
the first time he had heard such
charges of "baby peddling,” but that
he would “do everything” he could
in the way of investigating.
He said he would assign several
plainclothesmen and a woman from
the Women’s Bureau to the task.
“We will co-operate fully in doing
whatever the District Committee
wants,” he said.
Robert E. Bondy, director of pub
lic welfare for the District, testi
fying today before the House Dis
trict Subcommittee Probing Con
dition at Blue Plains, was ques
tioned about the so-called “baby
peddling.”
He told Chairman D’Alesandro
that the committee had already
asked Maj. Brown to investigate
the reports.
“Don’t you think it is your duty
as director of public welfare to look
into this situation?” inquired Mr.
D’Alesandro. “I think it is a hor
rible thing. It seems to me like
everything is wrong with public wel
fare. It is deplorable when you han
dle human lives like chickens.”
Mr. Bondy explained that the
Board of Public Welfare had no au
thority under existing law to control
such a situation.
“The board is aware of the ex
istence of the problem,” he declared,
“but it needs a basic law to con
trol it.”
- Although the Police Department
was not instructed to look into
charges of "fraudulent” practices of
fortune tellers, Maj. Brown said
today clairvoyants and such are
licensed under an act of Congress
here. Twenty-two hold such licenses,
which cost $250 each. The licensee
must have lived in the District two
years prior to filing application.
The Police Department has been
making arrests wherever violations
of the law were /ound, Maj. Brown
said.
Between 20 and M were the dan
gerous ages for District drivers last
year. Twenty-eight deaths in the
1929 traffic ton involved automobile
drivers between these ages.
Hearing Is Set
On Gasoline
Standard Here
D. C. House Group
Will Probe General
Market PVactices
Chairman Nichols of the special
subcommittee appointed by the
Rouse District Committee to inves
tigate gasoline market practices in
the District said today he would
probably hold a hearing Friday into
reports that District drivers are be
ing fleeced by dealers selling reg
ular grade gasoline at premium
prices.
Mr. Nichols, a one-time service
station operator, said further that
George M. Roberts, superintendent
of weights, measures and markets,
has been asked to prepare reports
of his investigation last year.
“Coming from an oil-producing
State and as a service station oper
ator in Eufala, Okla., after the war,
I am at least conversant with the
problems involved,” Mr. Nichols
said. "I hope to get this hearing
over before the end of next week.”
Dealers to Meet.
Meantime, the Executive Commit
tee of the District Petroleum In
dustries Committee was to meet this
afternoon to consider the gasoline
situation. Mrs., Mary C. Mallon,
secretary, said the committee con
sists of 15 members representing in
dependent and chain station dealers.
Mr. Roberts said today further
Investigation of his records "tended
to indicate there was a considerable
amount of gasoline being sold as
high test when it was of low grade.”
He said additional samples were
purchased within the past month,
but analyses have not yet been
completed.
His agents last year made 83 pur
chases of premium gas and tests
by Dr. H. C. Dickinson, chief of the
division of heat and power of the
Bureau of Standards revealed 27
per cent of the purchases were of
regular grade or lower. One sam
ple was little better than kerosene.
Dr. Dickinson explained that the
high-test gas should have an oc
tane rating of between 76 and 80,
and straight gasoline about 72.
The octane rating is a technical
measure of the gasoline’s knockless
quality. High ratings produce less
knocks.
Special Auto Tank Used.
The purchases were made in a
specially equipped automobile in
which the regulation tank is not
connected with the motor. The mo
tor feeds on another tank located
in the luggage compartment.
‘Said the tests bad
measure of gasoline in Washington.”
This he attributed to the strin
gent District law against short
measuring pumps. There are no
laws in the District, however, to
protect gasoline purchasers on
quality.
diu rename
A bill prepared by Mr. Roberts,
but still with the District Com
missioners, provides a fine up to
$500 and a jail term up to six
months, or both, for failing to ad
vertise the quality and standard of
the gasoline being sold. It would
also permit the District Commis
sioners to set the standard to be
maintained.
A similar law in North Carolina
provides for grading gasoline into
“premium,” "regular” and “motor.”
The premium gasoline must have an
octane rating of 75; the regular, 68,
and the motor, lowest grade and
unsuitable for automobiles with
high-compression motors, 60. State
tests are made frequently, begin
ning with the entry of the fuel
into the State and again in whole
sale distributing tanks and in deal
ers’ tanks.
By comparison the District of Co
lumbia has no tests, and one offi
cial of the biggest distributor in the
East said dealers’ tanks are not
regularly checked. Tests are made
“only when we suspect something,”
he added, “and are made without
our knowledge locally” from the
New York office.
Elizalde Denies Seeking
Philippines Presidency
By tbt Associated Pres*.
Resident Commissioner Joaquin
M Elizalde of the Philippines de
clared .today reports current in
Manila that he would resign his post
here to seek the presidency of the
commonwealth were “crazy, absurd
and ridiculous.”
“You may quote me emphatically
as saying those reports are so crazy
as not to warrant consideration,” Mr.
Elizalde said. “
He added his appointment as res
ident commissioner, was an “indefi
nite appointment” and so far as he
was concerned it would continue so.;
HELP SUPPLY MILK TO UNDERNOURISHED CHILDREN—Mrs. Charles P. Moran, member of
the Ways and Means Committee of the City-Wide Group, Ladies of Charity (at right), shown yes
terday as she handed a box containing proceeds from a recent card party to Mrs. George H.
O’Connor, the group president, center, while Mrs. Lewis A. Payne, also a member of the com
mittee, looked on. . —Star Staff Photo.
- n
Group Seeks Funds
To Supply Milk to
Ill-Fed Children
Plans Announced for,
Annual Concert April 1
At Mayflower
An appeal for contributions to the
City-Wide Group, Ladies of Charity,
to aid in its work of supplying milk
to undernourished children, was
made yesterday by its president, Mrs.
George H. O'Connor, at the monthly
meeting of the organization at 1901
Wyoming avenue N.W
Mrs. O’Connor related how the or
ganization supplies about 28,000
quarts of milk annually to under
nourished children whose family
budgets do not enable them to af
ford it. Many of the children are
tubercular and are aided in over
coming that condition by the milk
supplied by the City-Wide Group,
Mrs. O’Connor pointed out.
Mrs. O’Connor declared it a “dis
grace” that Washington recenUy wjg
the eegODd highest city in th*MOfc'»
try in the tuberculosis mortality rate.
She announced plans far the or
ganization’s annual milk Xucd con
cert at the Mayflower Hotel on April
1, in ■ which will be featured the
Troubadors of the Friendly Sons of
Saint Patrick.
Mrs. O'Connor reported for the
treasurer, Mrs. E. H. Johansen, who
was absent. The report showed
(513.68 on hand. It was announced
at the meeting that members of the
City-Wide Group will place milk
bottles in their homes for guests to
deposit “self-denial funds" during
Lent. *
Mrs. Charles P. Moran of the City
Wide Group’s Ways and Means Com
mittee presented (170 raised at a
recent membership card party at the
Columbia Country Club.
Dr. A. Barklie Coulter, director of
the Bureau for Tuberculosis, District
Health Department, who was to have
delivered an address at the meeting,
was unable to attend because of
illness.
Pageant to Be Given
At Banneker School
Presentation today of the pageant,
“Out of the Dark,” will continue the
week-long program at the new Ban
neker Junior High School, scene last
night of its formal dedication in
which Senator Thomas, Democrat,
of Utah, and Dr. Ambrose Caliver
of the Interior Department, spoke.
The building, located at Ninth and
Euclid streets N.W., was presented
by Capt. John L. Person, assistant
engineer commissioner, and accepted
on behalf of the Board of Education
by Mrs. Henry Grattan Doyle.
The pageant written by Dorothy
Quinn will be repeated Thursday in
the school auditorium. The week's
program includes addresses tomor
row afternoon by Dr. Rayford Logan
and Mrs. Clara B. Bruce, and pres
entation of a play Friday night.
Dr. Garnet C. Wilkinson, assistant
superintendent of schools, presided
at ceremonies last night. Music was
furnished by the Howard University
Glee Club.
The building, opening last Novem
ber to more than 700 students, cost
$679,262 and occupies a portion of
the Banneker playground.
Your D. C. Income Tax
-No. 31—More on Insurance . ...
In discussing deductible items scene time ago in this series, it
was pointed out that certain insurance premiums and interest paid
on loans on life insurance policies may be deducted in your District
income tax return. Apparently, this led some taxpayers to believe
they could deduct all insurance payments from their gross Income.
District officials are anxious to correct this impression so that
other taxpayers will not make the same mistake in their returns.
It is true that all fire, tornado and casualty insurance pre
miums you paid during 1939 in connection with property held for
investment or business are deductible under the local law. But
insurance paid on a dwelling owned and occupied by th$ taxpayer,
for example, is not allowed because that is a personal expense.
All personal expenses are specifically excluded from the list of
deductible items.
Premiums paid for life insurance by the insured also are not
deductible. Numerous persons have claimed such deductions in
their returns. In addition, no deduction is allowed for premiums
paid by a taxpayer on any life insurance policy covering the life
of any officer or employe or any person financially interested in
the taxpayer’s trade or business when the taxpayer is directly dr
indirectly a beneficiary under the policy.
On the other hand, there are certain items connected with
insurance that are specifically exempt and need not be included in
gross Income. These include proceeds from life insurance policies
paid by reason of the death of the insured. However, if you hold
such proceeds under an agreement to pay interest thereon, you must
report the interest. I
Traffic Record
The traffic record as revealed
at police headquarters for 34
hour period ending 8 am. Sat
urday:
Fatalities, 0.
Accidents, 35.
Motorists injured, 4.
Motorists arrested, 285.
Pedestrians injured, 8. -
Pedestrians arrested for vio
lation of pedestrian control reg
ulations, 1.
Sunday.
Fatalities, 0.
Accidents, 16.
Motorists injured, 0.
Motorists arrested, 133.
Pedestrians injured, 2.
Pedestrians arrested for vio
lation of pedestrian control reg
ulations, l.
Randolph Still Awaits
Commissioner's Reply
On Elective Advisers
Plans to Follow Up
t On Sent Ou|
Two Wilks Ago |
Chairman Randolph of the HQuse j
district Committee today saiif Re
proposed to ask the Commissioners i
to answer without further delay his I
letter of two weeks ago requesting
them to alter their plan for reor
ganizing the municipal government
to provide for an elective, rather
than an appointed citizens’ advisory
council.
“I cannot understand why the
Commissioners have delayeed this
long in answering my letter,” said
Mr. Randolph. "Surely they have
had enough time to give it consid
eration.”
Representative Randolph believes
an elective advisory council would
give the disfranchised residents of
the District at least partial rep
resentation in their own govern
ment. He is sponsor of resolutions
now pending in the House provid
ing for both local suffrage and na
tional representation.
The Commissioners, in their plan
for revamping the municipal gov
ernment, suggested creation of an
advisory council of nine members to
advise them on tax, budget and
legislative problems.
Disinterested Trustee
For Associated Gas Urged
By the Associated Press.
Senator Wheeler, Democrat, of
Montana urged today that any
trustee appointed for the Associated
Gas & Electric Co. be a man “whose
fearlessness and Independence and
disinterested judgment cannot be
subject to question because of past
intimate associations with the man
agement of a utility operating or
holding company.”
“The creditors and investors of
Associated Gas have suffered ter
rible losses,” Senator Wheeler said
in a statement. * * • "They have a
right to be protected against exor
bitant fees and charges for super
numerary trustees and counsel.
“They have also a right to be as
sured that their claims will be fear
lessly pressed against management
or other interests with which Asso
ciated Gas has dealt with. That as
surance the creditors and investors
cannot have if a trustee has any in
terlocking relations with the people
he might have to prosecute.”
Senator Wheeler said that al
though the Wheeler-Raybum Hold
ing Company Act empowered the
S. E. C. to act as trustee, he did not
believe the commission should un
dertake the job at a time when it
was already overworked, provided a
trusteeship acceptable to it were
appointed.
Program to BeT Mapped
Before D. C. Liquor Inquiry
The special subcommittee of the
House District Committee in charge
of an investigation of the liquor
situation will begin the inquiry only
after it has mapped out a complete
program of procedure, it was an
nounced today by Chairman Eber
harter.
The subcommittee already has
held two meetings in executive ses
sion, discussing plans for the in
vestigation. The first was held last
week. Yesterday the subcommittee
conferred with Corporation Coitosel
El wood H. Seal.
Representative. Eberharter, a
Pennsylvania Democrat, said an
other executive session probably
would be held tomorrow.
Mrs. Roosevelt Tells
Congress Wives of
'Awful' Blue Plains
Gives Vivid Description
Of Her Unattended
Wanderings at Home
Mrs.FranklinD.Roosevelt yesterday
uncovered the fact that 215 congres
sional wives had never been to Blue
Plains and 214 congressional wives
had never stepped inside the Chil
dren's Receiving Home.
At the same time she disclosed
that her own visit to the Home for
the Aged and Infirm at Blue Plains
was made through the back door
and that she wandered unattended
through the institution until she
finally reached the administration
building.
The sightseeing activities of!
members of the Congressional Club <
were brought to light when Mrs.
Rooseveslt, guest of honor at their
annual breakfast in the Raleigh Ho
tel, asked for a show of hands to
see how many had visited the insti
tl'lSh*Sexplained she had b#a*afced
U) talk about her own visits but
Imitated to bore thenr with descrip
tions of things they had already
soan.
In’her statements to the press
and during her testimony, however,
she had never explained why she
went or the reception she received
when she made her surprise visit.
"I happened to go to Blue Plains,”
she said, "because some one wrote
me a letter who had been there
with a friend who had a relative in
the institution.
“I think I chose my day badly.
We—Mrs. Morgenthau was with me
—got stuck in the snow. We got
out and started to walk, and an
automobile came along and picked
us up. We went about 10 feet and
got stuck again. This time we de
cided to walk all the way.
“I had taken some flowers and
cigarettes along, thinking it would
give me an excuse for coming.
“We came to a door and walked
into a hallway. I guess it was the
back door. Anyway, as I opened
the door the closeness and the smell
were very disagreeable.
Wandered Down Hall.
“No one paid any attention to
me. I wandered down a hall, and
as I wandered I looked. I came to
a small room that was apparently
a kitchen,| but everything in it
looked extremely dirty and unap
petizing.
“I went into one of the wards
and saw a very old woman who had
been there for some time. The
superintendent, whom I had located
by now, said to me: ‘Now she is
really happy.’ I found out why she
was happy. She was senile. Her
cackling was one of the most horri
ble things you can imagine.”
Points to Dangers.
Of the Children’s Receiving Home
she said:
it s realty rather terrible. I
think it's the surest way to the re
form school and from there to
prison that I know of.”
She also pointed out that two
menus were in use—one for the staff,
the other for the children.
“And the staff menu is so much
better than the other one,” she
sighed. “I felt that the children
should have more than the grown
ups.”
She said she would like the women
to visit the Receiving Home, look
the children over and “think how
you’d feel if they were yours.”
Fire Trap, She Says.
Mrs. Roosevelt warned that the
Industrial Home School was a fire
trap and “might have a real tragedy
sometime.” She advocated again
the cottage plan to replace the old
building.
Summarizing, she said: “I’m not
putting any blame anywhere. I
imagine it’s we who are to blame.
It’s a complicated question. It
comes back to money and how you’re
going to get it.”
Heating to Be Discussed
At Meeting Tomorrow
Physicians and officials concerned
with public health problems affected
by conditions of temperature and
ventilation will join the Washing
ton Chapter of the American So
ciety of Heating and Ventilating
Engineers at 8 pm. tomorrow in
the Dodge Hotel for discussions of
mutual problems.
Dr. C. E. Winslow, professor of
public health at Yale University,
will discuss “Some Unsolved Prob
lems of Air Conditioning.” Thomas
H. Urdahl, chapter {Resident, will
report on the society’s annual meet
ing in Cleveland and announce
plans for the 1940 convention here
next summer.
U. S. Matching
Of D.C. Aid Fund
Sought in Plan
Bondy Suggests Idea
For General Public
Assistance
The Federal Government would
m'atch the amount spent by the
District for general public assist
ance under an experimental plan
being sponsored by Director of Pub
lic Welfare Robert E. Bondy.
Mr. Bondy suggested this new fis
cal arrangement yesterday while dis
cussing the city's relief needs before
the Council of Social Agencies, meet
ing in the Young Women’s Chris
tian Association Building.
Pointing out the 50-50 arrange
ment had proved effective here and
In the States with respect to funds
ror aid to the aged, the blind and
dependent children, Mr. Bondy ad
vocated use of the Nation’s Capital
as a proving ground for application
Df the principle to general relief.
In outlining the failings of Wash
ington’s public assistance program
the welfare director declared he had
“no idea” what an adequate ap
propriation would be, inasmuch as
the overworked staff of his depart
ment has been unable to obtain a
complete picture of needs here.
Dollar-for-Dollar System.
He emphasized to reporters after
the meeting that the proposed
matching would not mean necessari
ly a doubling of the approximately
$700,000 now spent here annually
for general public assistance, but
rather a dollar-for-dollar system
based upon the minimum adequate
figure whatever that might be.
Mr. Bondy declared an immediate
need is machinery, including a cen
tral application and certification bu
reau, to determine the number of
persons actually requiring assistance
and the extent in each case.
With each worker handling 190
cases at present, he said, the pub
lic assistance division is forced to
work "with doubt in our minds as to
whether the taxpayer is getting hi*
money’s worth.”
Mr. Bondy deplored the necessity
of proceeding “with hobbles on” in
considering relief milk and food
stamp plans, which have been placed
in operation elsewhere, and said in
adequate personnel had prevented
full advantage being taken of sur
plus food stores.
“The food is there, and the fami
lies need it,”’ he said, adding the
number certified for food grants had
slipped to 4.400 in January from
7.300 in September because of in
ability to handle more certifications.
$85,000 Seen Needed.
Atnence of a co-ordinating agency
to receive applications has led cli
ents "to shop around the community
for aid,” he complained.
A total of $80600 would enable
families now being helped, who are
dependent totally on public assist
ace, to meet their minimum house
hold budgets, a January survey in
dicated. the welfare head revealed.
He said 64 per cent of the 1,143
cases in which no other source sup
plied aid could not pay their rock
bottom charges for food, lodging,
heat, etc., out of funds allocated
last month by the District.
Mr. Bondy called for such addi
tional funds as would make possi
ble the elimination of deficits and
for abolition of the “ceilings” which
now limit the grant to $24 per month
for the first individual plus $6 pier
month each for dependents—wife
and children—up to a maximum per
family of $60 a per month.
Only 844 of the 1687 cases ac
cepted for general public assistance
during January had any other source
of income, his figures indicated.
Hillcrest Unit Asks
D.C. Liquor Dispensaries
Establishment of the liquor dis
pensary system in the District was
asked by the Hillcrest Citizens’ Asso
ciation last night on a motion by
Charles Foster.
On a resolution by John Mac
Gregor. the association went on
record as opposing any increase in
the gasoline tax in the District.
Installation of facilities for winter
sports by next winter in Fort Dupont
Park, to include skating, skiing and
sledding, was urged by the associa
tion on the motion of Mr. Foster.
The Hillcrest citizens also requested
Congress to include in the District
budget a location of a new school for
the Hillcrest section.
Better bus connections between
Hillcrest and Anacostia were dis
cussed hv the group, but no formal
action was taken on the matter.
At the conclusion of business,
Clarence Phillips of the National
Geographic Society, presented mo
tion pictures and still slides on old
Spain and Portugal.
John W. Martin presided over the
meeting, which was held at the East
Washington Heights Baptist Church.
United Federal Workers
To Protest Budget Cuts
A meeting to protest budget cuts
will be held under the auspices of
the United Federal Workers of
America—C. I. o. affiliate—at the
Labor Department auditorium at 8
pm. Thursday.
An announcement of the meet
ing, which is to launch a “national
campaign against ruinous economy,"
says "that speakers will point out
that budget slashes will mean
wholesale dismissals, frozen jobs
without raises and promotions, dis
card of President Roosevelt’s execu
tive orders of June, 1938. A program
aimed at restoring budget slashes
will be outlined.’’
Those to speak are Allan Haywood,
C. I. O. national director of organi
zation; Jacob Baker, U. F. W. presi
dent, and Irwin Elber, organizer for
the U. F. W.
Civil Rights Reports
Reports of recent activity in a
campaign for civil rights in Wash
ington will be made at a meeting of
the National Association for the Ad
vancement of Colored People at 8:30
pm. today at the Twelfth Street
Young Men’s Christian Association.

xml | txt