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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, February 13, 1940, Image 2

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Dutch Will Protest
To Reich Against
Liner's Sinking
Netherlands Circles Are
Indignant at Nazi
Submarine's Act
By the Associated Press.
THE HAGUE, Feb. 13—The news
paper De Telegraaf said today the
Netherlands government, if first
messages prove correct, would pro
test to the German government "in
the most vigorous terms” against
the torpedoing and sinking of the
Netherlands liner Burgerdijk.
Authoritative circles expressed
great indignation over the incident,
which they termed a case of “sense
less destruction.”
The 6,853-ton vessel was torpedoed
by a German submarine Saturday
off England’s southeast coast, while
on a direct run from New York to
Rotterdam. The vessel’s owners, the
Holland-Amerika Line, said that she
had not submitted to British contra
band control and that the subma
rine commander gave no reason for
the attack.
The Burgerdijk was said to carry
a cargo of which nine-tenths, in
cluding wheat, was consigned to the
Netherlands government, and one
tenth to private importers in the
Sinking of Burgerdijk
Upheld by Germans
BERLIN, Feb. 13 (/P>.—Authorized
sources said today that the com
mander of a German submarine was
within his legal rights if he tor
pedoed the Netherlands steamer
Burgerdijk, because the ship was
en route to the British contraband
control station at the Downs.
The Holland Amerika Line re
ported yesterday that the 6.853-ton
freighter was torpedoed Saturday
on a voyage from New York for
Under German prize court law
any neutral vessel headed for a
belligerent port, whether voluntarily
or not, must be considered by Ger
man naval officers as carrying con
Authorized sources asserted that
if the British had examined the
Netherlands ship on the high seas
without asking her to go to The
Downs the case would have been
These sources said no word had
been received directly from any
submarine commander reporting
the sinking of the Burgerdijk.
Stark Rejects Plan
To Extend 3-Mile Limit
By the Associated Press.
Suggestions that Congress extend
the traditional 3-mile shore limit
have been rejected as futile by Ad
miral Harold R. Stark, chief of
Naval Operations.
When Representative Scrugham,
Democrat, of Nevada suggested a
law extending the 3-mile limit to
the continental shelf. Admiral Stark
said the problem was not as simple
as that.
The discussion, during considera
tion of the naval appropriations bill
by a House committee, was made
jpublic today. • —
"Changes in long-established lec
ognized international limits by one
power might not, and probably
would not, be accepted by some oth
ers. particularly if these others saw
their own previously accepted rights
injured thereby," Admiral Stark
“If we fail diplomatically to ob
tain international acceptance of our
own convention, we would either
Jiave to give in or fight to put it
over. • • *
) "We must protect our commerce
and our interests wherever we can,
kind we must seek and strike an
pnemv whenever and wherever we
can effectively weaken him. To at
tempt to define this in peacetime
would be utterly futile and, in my
opinion, inimical to the national
t __
Wagner Act Defended
fey Lynch, A. F. L. Leader
$7 the Auocimted Press.
J George Q. Lynch, an A. F. of L.
union chief, renewed his attack on
the A. F. of L.’s Wagner Act amend
ments today, declaring there was no
reason for amending the law “un
Jess we are carrying a brief for re
actionary employers.”
J Mr. Lynch heads the highly
Itilled Pattern Makers League. He
rst criticized the Federation’s pro
gram for revising the Wagner Act
January, 1939.
i In an article prepared for the
Iorthcoming issue of the Pattern
iakers’ Journal, he writes:
{ "Opening the Wagner Act for
amendments at this time will play
Alto the hands of reactionary em
ployers and labor baiters. The A.
X. of L. may be seeking minor
Changes to correct inequities, but
nothing short of complete emascu
Aition will satisfy the enemies of
l^bor once the act is opened for

Texas Fishermen Strike
: PORT ISABEL. Tex.. Feb. 13
(IP).—Three hundred and fifty fisher
men went on strike last night after
Negotiations between fish dealers
and representatives of the fisher
men’s union broke down. The union
tfas seeking a contract providing for
preferential hiring and collective
Under the Auspices
The Washington
Federation of Churches
Epiphany Episcopal
Tomorrow at 4:45 P.M.
The Rev. Ralph W. Loew
Associate Pastor of the Lutheran
Church of the Reformation
V „
Cassini Weds Warrenton Girl
After Virginia Elopement
Columnist's Bride
Flying to Coast
For Screen Test
The girl whom Igor Cassini, Wash
ington society columnist, escorted to
a Warrenton (Va.) dance last sum
mer when he was kidnaped and
tarred and feathered was winging
her way to Hollywood today after
becoming his bride in a surprise
ceremony yesterday in Fredericks
burg, Va.
Mr. Cassini, 24, saw his bride, the
former Miss Austine Byrne McDon
nell, 21, of Warrenton and New York
City, off today in New York. She
was reported going to the West
Coast for a screen test for a part
in a forthcoming production planned
by Howard Hughes.
Meanwhile the bride’s mother,
Mrs. Austin McDonnell of Warren
ton, said she was not informed of
the elopement until early this morn
ing, when her daughter called from
New York. Mrs. McDonnell ex
pressed disapproval of the "manner”
of the elopement.
Mr. Cassini and Miss McDonnell
were married in St. Mary’s Catholic
Church at Fredericksburg, Va., yes
terday afternoon. The Rev. James
H. McConnell performed the cere
mony, which was attended by a
small group of friends.
Mr. Cassini told police he was ab
ducted last June 25 and daubed with
tar and feathers by a trio of men
who objected to statements made in
nis column. A Warrenton Jury later
found them guilty of “constituting
a mob to commit assault and bat
tery.” Pines of $330 were assessed
against Ian Montgomery, 39; $150
against his brother, Colin Montgom
ery, 38, and $50 against Alexander
Calvert, none of whom appealed.
Miss McDonnell, whose father is
Maj. Austin McDonnell of Warren
and Baltimore, has sung profession
ally in the cocktail lounge of a local
hotel. Until her departure today for
Hollywood she was appearing in the
New York musical revue, "Two for
the Show.”
Threat of World
Seen by Stark
Situation Affecting U. S.
Worse Than in 1914,
House Hearing Told
By the As»oci»t*d Pres*.
The Navy high command believes
the possibility of a general Euro
pean war and uncertain conditions
in the Par East threaten to pro
duce a world conflagration.
Admiral Harold R. Stark, chief
of naval operations; told a House
appropriations subcommittee in tes
timony made public today that the
international situation ts "fraught
with more possibilities" affecting
the United States than in 1914 and
"The ultimate aims and ambi
tions of Germany, Russia and Italy’
cannot be definitely determined,
nor can the public utterances of
their governments be accepted at
face value," Admiral Stark said.
"Such conditions render likely the
possibilities of a general European
war and, in conjunction with Par
Eastern conditions, they threaten a
world conflagration.”
Representative Ditter, Republican,
of Pennsylvania asked whether th$
Navy’s preparedness is greater than
in 1914-ipfQ. ;; ;
“I think it is far better,” Ad*
miral Stark said, "but I believe the
international setup to be fraught
with more pdMibilities against us
tha&*dr«ljltlir%case in the early
stages orthe World War. This id
turn tends to offset our better pre
Asserting that the Navy’s request
for $954,000,000 for the next fiscal
year represented all possible econo
mies, Admiral Stark told the com
"It would in my opinion jeop
ardize the national security to re
duce the number of vessels and air
craft recommended for active serv
ice, to fail to man the fleet effec
tively or to curtail or delay the
building program for ships, air
craft and shore facilities.”
Navy Plans to Spend
$1,250,000 at Academy
B, the Associated Press.
Expenditure of $1,250,000 on an
addition to Bancroft Hall and con
struction of a new seawall at the
United States Naval Academy is
planned by the Navy for an inde
terminate time in the future.
The plans—for which no funds
were requested—were disclosed to
day in records of hearings before
a House Appropriations Subcom
mittee on naval appropriations for
The addition to Bancroft Hall,
Capt. D. B. Beary told the sub
committee, would cost approximate
ly $950,000, while the new seawall
would require another $300,000.
At least 10 per cent of the officers
assigned to the academy are headed
for sea duty because of world con
ditions, Comdr. W. J. Larson told
the committee in discussing con
templated changes in personnel. He
“The situation will be that, we
hope, for every reduction of an of
ficer to get a civilian instructor.”
Asked how many civilians would
be needed, he replied:
Well, six months ago it looked
like 14. I cannot really give you
definite figures now, because the
Bureau of Navigation has not told
me exactly how many they were go
ing to give us.
(The bureau makes assignment of
officers to the Academy.)
"They said we were going to have
at least a 10 per cent reduction;
which is in the vicinity of *0- offi
There are 214 officers as professors
and instructors and 60 civilian in
structors on the facility lolls.
To1 provide the new civilian in
structors, the Navy estimated $41,
392 would be required, which, with
increases in pay for administrative
promotions and for promotions in
grade, would bring the lequlred
funds for professors and instructors
to $337,638, or an Increase of $42,700
from the 1940 figure.
Dale Crowley Heads
United Dry Forces
Dale Crowley, local evangelist, last
night was elected executive secre
tary of the United Dry Forces, which
met to launch a program of temper
ance education.
In accepting his po6t, Mr. Crowley ,
declared “the battle against booze
will be pressed with relentless vigor.”
It also was announced that ar
rangements have been made to es
tablish the organization’s head
quarters at 131 B street SB., in the
Anti-Saloon League Building.
Allies to Watch
U. S. Exports to
Reich Neighbors
Big Increase in Trade
Is Cited by French
Military Sources
By the Associated Press.
PARIS, Feb. 13.—French military
sources say allied blockade officials
will concentrate their investigations
on American exports to neutral
states bordering Germany on the
grounds that much of these exports
may be destined for Germany.
These sources cite figures indicat
ing exports to neutrals around Ger
many have doubled and trebled pre
war figures.
Norway Is held to have received
$15,000,000 worth of American goods
in September. October and Novem
ber of 1939, compared with $5,500,000
worth in the same period during
Other neutrals’ figures cited for
the same comparative periods in
clude: Switzerland. $7,000,000 and
$300,000; Sweden, $35,000,000 and
$18,000,000: Baltic states. $31,000,000
and $21,000,000, and Italy, $17,000,000
and $14,000,000.
Blockade officials are said to re
gard the increases as more than
just 'coincidence, although part of
them could be explained by the
war’s forcing neutrals to buy goods
in the United States formerly ob
tained from belligerents.
U. S. Officials Doubt
Exports Go to Reich
Officials here said several factors
accounted for increased purchases in
the United States by neutral Eu
ropean nations for their own use
since the outbreak of the war and
expressed doubt that any appre
ciable amount of the American goods
imported by neutrals had been
transshipped to belligerent countries.
It was necessary at the outbreak
of the war for the neutral countries
to shift their sources of supply to
the United States for a large amount
of goods they had been buying from
the belligerents, it was pointed out.
In addition, the fear of rising
prices during the war caused many
foreign purchasers to stock up on
American goods at the prevailing
prices. Actual price increases also
accounted for some of the increased
value of exports in the fall of 1939
as compared with the previous year.
Shipping conditions, making it
more difficult to transport goods
from Africa, Australia and other
sources outside of Europe to the
European neutrals, also played a part
in the increased purchases by the
neutrals in this country, it was
pointed out.
It also was noted that the British
and French have in effect main
tained a sort of Informal rationing
system on imports by the neutral
countries. In this connection, the
British issue navicerts for shipments
of some goods from this country to
European neutrals, but before
granting the certificates assuring
safe passage through the allied
blockade, the British check up on
the previous Imports of the Euro
pean neutral concerned to make sure
navicerts are not issued for ship
ments that might be eventually
destined for Germany.
Land Fraud Charges
Against Firpo Quashed
B» the Associated Press.
BUENOS AIRES, Feb. 13.—A Fed
eral court today quashed 7-year-old
land fraud charges against Luis
Angel Firpo, Argentine heavyweight
boxer, because the legal time limit
for such charges had expired.
Firpo, famed for his fight against
Jack Dempsey, has been living in
Two Army Air Bases
To Be Established
■ |
In Alaska
New 300-Mile-an-Hour,
Four-Motored Bomber
Completes First Test
With world attention centered on
the fighting between Finland and
Russia in sub-zero weather, the
War Department yesterday an
nounced the United States will test
its Army aircraft equipment under
similar conditions.
Two new air bases will be located
at Fairbanks and Anchorage, Alaska.
Designated as Ladd Field, the Fair
banks base will be used for test
ing all types of planes and equip
ment under sub-zero conditions.
Construction will begin immediately
and $4,000,000 has been appropriated
to develop the 1,000-acre field.
Site to Include 1,400 Acres.
Designated as Elmendorf Field,
the Anchorage site will include
1,400 acres. Although still in the
planning stage, construction will be
dependent on an appropriation for
the coming fiscal year. This base
will ultimately include both air and
ground units.
Two naval bases also are being
established in the territory and
eventually a broad co-ordinated
plan will tie in a network of Army
and Navy stations to guard the most
direct over-the-pole route from
northern Europe and the eastern
approach from Asia.
In addition, the War Department
announced that its new four-mo
tored bomber, capable of more than
300 miles an hour, has completed its
first test flight at Lindbergh Field,
San Diego, Calif.
.s.uw-Miie riving Kange.
Meeting expectations for maneuv
erability, the announcement said
the ship has a wing span of 110 feet,
stands 19 feet high and is 64 feet
long. It is claimed to have a 3,000
mile flying range and a bomb-car
rying load of 4 tons. The ship
weighs 20 tons, 2 tons more than
the present B-17, called the best
bomber in existence.
A crew of six to nine men is re
quired to handle the ship, dependent
on its specific mission. A high-wing
ship, it is powered by four 18-cyl
inder 'air-cooled motors each rated
at 1,200 horsepower.
New Bethesda Library
Will Open Tonight
The new public library for the
Bethesda. Md„ community will be
opened for inspection at 8 o'clock
tonight. ,
Located on the main floor of the
Bethesda-Chevy Chase High School
on the East-West highway, the
library will be available free of
charge to residents of the Bethesda
Are tax area. Others may use its
facilities for a fee of >1 per year.
Thomas W. Pyle, principal of the
school, and Emory H. Bogley, chair
man of the Board of Trustees, will
make brief talks at the opening.
Mrs. A. B. Foster, treasurer of the
board, will unveil » plaque dedi
cating the library to the community.
The library's 3,000 books will be
available beginning Thursday, dur
ing the regular hours, from 2 to 9
pm. Registrations will be accepted
tomorrow. Miss Dorothy Annabie
is librarian. John Henry Hiser is
chairman of the Committee oft Ar
rangements for tonight's opening.
Barrymore Comes Back
On Soda Pop Diet
By the Associated Press.
NEW YORK. Peb. 13 —On a soda
pop diet—and refreshed by a 6-da£
rest in Mount Sinai Hospital—John
Barn-more was back in his starring
role in "My Dear Children” today.
“Yes, sir, soda pop!” he enthused.
‘‘And it's swell. I feel fine, and I’m
r aring to go. Just lemme r’ar.”
The 57-year-old actor played to a
full house last night.
Still suffering from what his
physician described as ‘Vitamin
deficiency.” Barrymore will return to
the hospital immediately (he says)
after his performance every night
this week.
Congress in Brief
Votes on Finnish loan bill!
Banking Committee considers bill
to repeal foreign silver buying.
Life insurance officials testify at
Monopoly Committee hearing.
Debates naval appropriation bill.
Smith Committee resumes ques
tioning Labor Board chairman.
Military Committee hears steel
companies on proposed ban on scrap
iron imports.
Probably will not meet.
Foreign Relations Committee
meets in executive session, 10:30
Monopoly Committee resuihes in
surance hearing, 10:30 a.m.
Continues consideration of naval
appropriation bill.
Smith committee continues in
vestigation of National Labor Re
lations Board, 10 am.
Immigration Committee consid
ers miscellaneous bills, 10:30 am.
Merchant Marine Committee be
gins hearings on bill providing for
marine tuberculosis hospital in
California, 10 am.
Policeman's Irish Tongue
Talks Man Out of Ending Life
By a Staff Correspondent ol Hie Star.
ALEXANDRIA, Va., Feb. 13 —The
forebears of an Irish policeman
named Jack Kelley might well smile
and nod their heads approvingly
if they were alive today.
All the persuasiveness character
istic of the Irish have been passed
down to him.
Yesterday police received a tele
phone call that a man was prepar
ing “to blow his brains out” in a
home on Prince street, and a radio
cruiser manned by Patrolman Kel
ley and a rookie, Pvt. Clarence Car
ter, was rushed to the scene.
The two officers entered the house
and said they found Dalton Foltz,
32-year-old painter, sitting in a
chair with a revolver pointed to
ward his mouth.
"Take another step and I’ll pull
the trigger,” he said, according to
Both policemen halted in their
tracks. Policeman. Kelley then be
gan to talk. Finally Mr. Foltz
handed the revolver to the police
man, they said.
The painter was taken to police
headquarters, where he was charged
with illegal entry and attempted
felonious assault.
“I really don't know what I said
to Mr. Foltz,” Policeman Kelley said
later. "I just talked and talked,
expecting to hear that gun go off at
any moment.” 9
Police said that the house where
Mr. Foltz threatened to end his life
is occupied by the painter’s sister
in-law and that he brandished the
revolver to gain admission to see
his estranged wife, then declared
he was going to kill himself.
New Yorkers Hold
Marathon Hearing
On Taxes and Budget
Special Trains Bear Part
Of 6,800 Witnesses
To 13-Hour Hearing
By the Associated Press.
ALBANY, N. Y., Feb. 13.—A long
day of democracy in government,
typified by modern, streamlined
pressure groups, finally ended early
this morning with New York law
makers just about as muddled as
ever on the subject of taxes and
Weary and hoarse, Abbot Low
Moffat, Republican chairman of the
Assembly Ways and Means Com
mittee, banged & final gavel at 1
am., ending a 13-hour marathon
of protests and praise directed at
Democratic Gov. Herbert H. Leh
man's proposed $396,700,000 budget.
Some 40 sleepy persons, at that
hour, were so scattered about a big
drill hall in an Albany armory,
where earlier 6,300 self-described
tax payers sat and 500 more stood,
awaiting opportunity to talk about
Invited by Legislature.
They had gathered, on invitation
of the Legislature, to outline their
views on the budget, and especially
on a proposed $15,000,000 income tax
boost, affecting the upper middle in
come classes.
The legislators, who huddled in
front of a loud-speaker on one side
of the big hall, knew what to expect.
They had been bombarded for weeks
with mimeographed statements and
press releases from hundreds of or
ganisations and thousands of in
The New York lawmakers had been
similarly under fire before. Last
year, facing a similar predicament,
the Republican legislative majority
tossed in the sponge and slashed
$26,000,000 from the chief execu
tive's budget.
Before the meeting many legisla
tors said privately they considered
the increased income tax proposal
dead. After the hearing they said
so publicly. A majority reserved com
ment. Democracy had had its day.
Special Trains Arrive.
Yesterday’s fireworks started early
when special trains began discharg
ing thousands of • well-instructed
tax-conscious citizens at an Al
bany railway station. The delega
tions. carrying banners and shout
ing greetings, paraded through the
downtown district to the armory’.
The larger of the delegations, such
as 2.500 representatives of the State.
County and Municipal Workers of
America <C. I. O.) and 1,400 mem
bers of the State Federation of
Teachers’ Union, stole the marching
show. They were better drilled, bet
ter instructed and were loud in sup
port of the proposed taxing and
Most of them never got inside the
armory , where spaco was reserved
for a limited number of delegates
from each of the 829 protesting or
supporting groups A majority of
actual speakers opposed the budget
Believes Tax Measure Dead.
When the hearing finally con
cluded, white-haired Senator George
Thompson, chairman of the Sen
ate Finance Committee, and veteran
of many similar, though not so pre
tentious hearings said the increased
income “tax is definitely dead and
a reduction seems certain. I don't
see how we can do anything else
after all this pressure.”
Just how a reduction can be made
was a matter of conjecture and ap
peared likely to become the subject
of lengthy conferences threatening
hopes of a mid-March adjournment.
Willingness to renew discussions on
the fiscal program, which if adopted
as drafted would be second highest
in the State, has been voiced by both
Gov. Lehman and Republican legis
lative chieftains
Legislators said privately, however,
little consideration would be given
to modification of the stock transfer
tax, despite an assertion by William
McC. Martin, jr., president of the
New York State Stock Exchange,
that “not only is our securities
business being diverted to other
States, but the State is being de
prived of revenue which it otherwise
would receive were the stock trans
fer tax modified realistically.” -
Finnish Relief Official
Thanks Buyers of Art
Gratitude for the response of
Washingtonians to the public art
auctions last week, which netted
$1,002.10 for the relief of Finnish
civilian refugees, was expressed to
day by Milton M. Brown, secretary
of the Washington Unit of the
Finnish Relief Fund.
“These works of art are a glori
ous harmony of color on a cloth
of gold, depicting each and every
one of them the love of humanity,
for they are gifts to the suffering
people of Finland,” Mr. Brown said.
“Last week,” he continued, “the
report of the Finnish Relief Fund’s
representative in Finland. Hallam
Tuck, who was awarded Finland’s
peace-time declaration of the Order
of the White Rose of Finland, re
minded us there is no longer a
single town in Finland that has
not been bombed. Farmers have
treked 300 miles through the Arctic
winter, not even being able to fol1
low the roads, but making their way
through the dense forest and deep
snow. When they do arrive at the
destination arranged for them they
have not reached safety, but only
a place where the dugouts are per
haps a little deeper and more plen
tiful and where they can be more
effectively cared for. We can only
admire the foresight and efficiency
of the Finns in ministering to their
people and for the courage and
stoicism of the whole population.
"When the friends of Finland
who purchased these paintings and
sketches of Washington artists gaze
upon them on their walls, they will
see each time the symbols of sac
rifice, compassion and patience in
defense of all that we hold most
worthwhile in life. Throughout
their possession of these paintings,
they will experience a thrill of satis
faction at this opportunity of being
of service.”
Turkey Dinner at Church
A turkey dinner for the benefit of
the Community Methodist Church
will be given from 5 to 7:30 pm.
Thursday in the church at Key
boulevard and North Bryan street,
Arlington, Va. Mrs. William G.
Watt is in charge.
President to Name McEntee
Director of C. C. C.
Fleming's Nomination
As Wage-Hour Head
Is Sent to Senate
James J. McEntee will be named
by President Roosevelt director of
the Civilian Conservation Corps to
succeed the late Robert Pechner, it
was learned today.
Mr. McEntee has been acting
director since Mr. Pechner's death
and since 1933 has been an assistant
director’ of the conservation unit.
Acquainted with Mr. Pechner for
many years, Mr. McEntee was en
listed by the late corps director to
assist in the establishment of the
New Deal agency.
Mr. McEntee is a native of Jersey
City, an engineer by profession, and
prior to his connection with the
C C. C. had been engaged in in
dustrial relations work for the In
ternational Association of Machinists.
During the World War, he served
on a special labor adjustment board
appointed by President Wilson.
Word of Mr. McEntee’s pending
appointment came after a White
House conference between Presi
dent Roosevelt and Pederal Security
Administrator McNutt, under whose
Jurisdiction the C. C. C. now falls.
Mr. McNutt revealed in connec
tion with his visit to the White
House that he had brought to
President Roosevelt a supplemen
tary report from the Social Security
Board on the question of extending
unemployment compensation cov
erage to maritime labor. The ad
ministrator did not say whether
the report favors such extensions or
makes any recommendation but he
made it clear, that in his personal
opinion such extension should be
“Something should be done for
maritime labor in this regard,” Mr.
McNutt told White House reporters.
“I believe seamen should be given
coverage comparable to workers in
any other industry.”
Earlier today President Roosevelt
sent to the Senate the nomination
of Col. Philip B. Fleming of Iowa
to be administrator of the Wtfge
—Harris A Ewing Photo.
ana Hour Division, Labor Depart
Col. Fleming for several months
has been serving as a special assist
ant to the Secretary of Labor,
actually engaged in administering
the wage and hour law. Because of
a technicality involving his Army
commission, his appointment as ad
ministrator was delayed until Con
gress could make special authoriza
tion. This authorization was con
tained in a supplemental defense
appropriation bill enacted by Con
gress last week and signed by the
President early today.
Col. Fleming has been active as
an engineer and administrator of
several projects under the Roose
velt administration, serving with
the Public Works Administration
and being in charge of construction
of the Passamoquoddy Dam project.
As wage-hour administrator, he
would succeed Elmer F. Andrews,
who resigned last fall. In the in
terim, although Col. Fleming has
been on hand. Harold D. Jacobs
has been serving as acting admin
istrator. Mr. Jacobs is chief of
the press relations section of the
Nazi Crew on British Cruiser
After Setting Freighter Afire
10 Officers and 36 Men of the Wakama
Picked Up in Lifeboats, Admiral Says
By the Associated Preaa.
RIO DE JANEIRO. Peb. 13.—Rear
Admiral Sir Henry Harwood told the
Associated Press todav that the crew
of the German freighter Wakaina,
after setting their ship afire yester
day off the Brazilian coast, had been
taken aboard a British cruiser.
Sir Henry, commander of British
forces in the South Atlantic, said
in an exclusive interview that 10
officers and 36 men of the Wakama s
crew had been picked up in life
boats by one of the British patrol
vessels. >
Sir Henry's flagship, the cruiser 1
Hawkins, entered port here last
night. The cruisers Shropshire and
Dorsetshire yesterday were in the
waters off Brazil, where the Wakama
was intercepted and fired by her
own men.
Sunk aa Menace.
Because she was considered a
menace to navigation, the burning
Wakama was sunk, Sir Henry said,
by the British cruiser that Inter
cepted her. He would not say which
British ship delivered the finishing
stroke, but made it clear it was not
the Hawkins.
“I didn’t see the Wakama burn
ing,” he said, "but I know she
burned and sank because of a com
munication I received from the
other cruiser.
"I understood they finished her
off so she would not menace other
When asked if a British scouting
plane had been the first to spot the
richly-laden 3.771-ton freighter,”
Sir Henry said:
“That is correct.
‘‘But the plane did not attack; It
simply gave word to give up.”
Overhauling Easy Matter.
Sir Henry, who was knighted
after commanding the British
squadron which drove the German
pocket battleship Admiral Graf
Spec Into Montevideo, gave indica
tions that the overhauling of the
Wakama had been an easy matter.
Describing himself as a "passen
ger” aboard the Hawkins, the ad
miral said the Hawkins did not
make any move against the Wa
“We were in communication with
the other cruiser. She located the
Wakama and then asked for in
“I said, ‘You take care of her; we
are going on to Rio de janeiro’.”
Asked whether the Shropshire or
the Dorsetshire could take the credit
for bagging the Wakama, the ad
miral answered:
"It was one of them. Besides
the Hawkins, there was only one
other British warship near the
Was Heavily Loaded.
Her holds stowed with heavy con
signments of lard, hides, cottonseed
oil, mica, rock crystal and cacao,
the Wakama had flashed an SOS
yesterday, giving her position as SO
miles off Cabo Frio, east of Rio de
Since then some mystery had sur
rounded the fate of her crew, for
previously a British sailor off the
Hawkins had reported that the
Wakama had been set afire, but he
could not tell what became of the
The Hawkins had been 34 days at
sea and had nothing exciting to re
port other than the Wakama inci
dent, Sir Henry said in denying re
ports published here that the
cruiser had sunk the German
freighter Wolfsburg.
The Wolfsburg sailed from Recife
February 3, and no other word about
her gamble with the British blockade
has been heard.
The La Coruna, the last German
freighter to sail from Rio de Janeiro
before the Wakama, “had apparent
ly escaped the British cruiser await
ing her offshore,” Sir Henry said.
But he added that the vessel, now
nine days at sea, might still be in
23 Ships Reported Scuttled.
The British admiralty has report
ed 23 German vessels totaling 139,
236 tons scuttled by their crews to
avoid capture up to January 30.
The Wakama was the eighth Ger
man merchantman to leave a Bra
zilian port in an attempt to run the
British blockade this year. Nine
other Nazi freighters remain an
chored in Brazilian ports.
Shortly before the Wakama sailed
from Rio de Janeiro Sunday night,
the 5,848-ton Nazi freighter Uruguay
left Recife with a cargo of food
There was no immediate indica
tion whether the Inter-American
Neutrality Committee, which re
cessed February 2 for a month,
would consider the incident within
its scope. Chairman Afranio Mello
Franco is authorized to call the
committee into session in case of
Official information was lacking
on whether the Americas’ neutrality
zone had been violated, or whether
a voluntary sinking would be con
sidered a violation, even if it took
place within the zone.
Kennedy Sees 'Swap'
Of Ship Lines Aiding
U. S. and Britain »
Transfer of Sea Routes
Outside War Areas
To Be Considered
By the Associated Press.
Ambassador Joseph P. Kennedy
said today he would take back to
London a proposal for “swapping**
certain British and American ship
ping routes, which would result in
putting the idle American ships to
work again.
He expected to talk over his plan
with President Roosevelt later today,
he said.
Following a 40-minute conference
with Secretary Hull, Mr. Kennedy
declared that he hoped to get the
British to turn over to the United
States routes now operated solely
by British ships, which already are
being removed from some of these
to carry war materials on other
The routes Kennedy has in mind
for American ships were said to
be far removed from the European
fighting area.
The Ambassador reported that
possibilities for increased export of
American lumber to Great Britain
were connected with his plan. He
mentioned particularly Southern
pine and some Western woods.
Britain, he said, needs the lum
ber, but is having difficulty find
ing ships in which to transport
it. If British ships operating in
other parts of the world could be
replaced by American ships, the
required tonnage would become
The Ambassador, sunburned from
a stay in Florida, was asked whether
he thought a big offensive would
be launched in the spring and re
plied that he frankly did not know.
He will sail for Europe aboard the
Manhattan February 24. going first
to Italy and France. He said he
expected to be in London bv the
time Sumner Welles, Undersecretary
of State, arrives there on his spe
cial mission of gathering informa
tion on war conditions in Italy,
France, Germany and Britain.
Rain and Cold Forecast
After Spring Preview
The highest temperature for a
Lincoln's birthday in Washington in
eight years is expected to give way
today to rain and cooler weather.
The temperature reached 64 degrees
at 4 p.m. yesterday.
At 1 o’clock this afternoon the
temperature had risen to 51 degrees
and was expected to climb slightly
in the next few hours.
Spring-like weather which yester
day found people going about with
out overcoats, will end tonight when
the temperature is expected to re
turn to its 30-degree level, according
to the Weather Bureau.
Yesterday’s 64 degrees was tire
highest February 12 on record since
1932, when the thermometer went
to 66.
The forecast was for rain tonight
and tomorrow, probably ending to
morrow afternoon, colder weather
is forecast for tonight with the tem
perature expected to drop to 34
Folger Will Lead Chest
Advance Gifts Section
General Chairman Chauncey G.
Parker, jr., of the Community Chest
today announced the appointment
of J. Clifford Folger. president of
the Folger Nolan & Co., as chair
man of the Advance Gifts Section
of the local Chest.
Mr. Folger served as a section
leader in the Advance Gifts Unit in
the last campaign. He also was a
volunteer worker of the unit in the
1938 campaign.
A trustee of the Community
Chest, Mr. Folger is a board mem
ber of Garfield Hospital, a director
of the Bond Club and of the May
flower Hotel and a member of the
Investment Bankers’ Association.
Weather Report
(Furnished by the United States Weather Bureau.)
District of Columbia—Rain tonight, probably ending by tomorrow
afternoon; colder; lowest temperature tonight about 34 degrees; moderate
northeast shifting to northwest winds.
Maryland—Rain tonight and tomorrow turning to snow flurries in
west portion tomorrow; slightly colder.
Virginia—Rair in north and occasional rain in south portion tonight
and tomorrow morning turning to snow flurries in the mountains tomorrow
afternoon; somewhat colder.
West Virginia—Rain this afternoon and tonight turning to snow
flurries tomorrow; somewhat colder.
__ *ne disturbance that was centered over'
New York State Monday evening has moved
rapidly eastward off the southern New
England coast, while pressure continues
low east of the Grand Banks. A new dis
wrwnce has developed over Tennessee
a£r 1® ®oving east-northeastward. Nash
ville. 1.008.8 millibars i29.79 inches),
while pressure continues low over the
western portion of the Gulf of Mexico.
Brownsville. Tex.. 1.009.8 millibars (29.82
inches). Pressure is rising over New Eng
land. and it is high from the Great Lakes
southwestward over the southern Rocky
Mountain region. Pueblo. Cole.. 1.026.1
millibars (30.30 inches). Another storm
la moving inland over the north Pacific
coast Tatooah bland. Wash . 998.0 milli
bar* (20.47 inches). During the last 24
hours there have been light snows from
the northern nortion of the Great Lakes
region eastward over northern New Eng
land. while precipitation, mostly in the
form of rain, haa begun in the lower Mis
sissippi and lower Ohio Valleys and Ten
nessee, Temperatures have risen over the
Southwestern 8tates anti the southern por
tion of the Middle Atlantic States, but
colder weather is spreadinr southwsrd
over the New England States and tempera
tures are lower from the Great Lakes re
gion southwestward over the southern
Report for Last 24 Roars.
_ Temperature. Barometer.
Yesterday— Degree*. Inches.
4 p.m. _ 64 29.72
8 p.m. *_ 67 29 75
Midnight _ 53 20.78
4 a.m. _ 44 20.83
8 a.m._ 46 20.88
Noon _ 60 29.86
Record for Lost 24 Hoars.
(Prom noon yesterday to noon today.)
Highest, 64. 4 P.m. yesterday. Tear
•go. 60.
Loweat, 41. 6:46 a.m. today. Year
ago, 32.
Keeerd Tsai per a tare .This Tear.
Highest. 64. on February 12.
Lowest, 7. on January 20.
Humidity for loit 24 Hours.
(Prom noon yesterday to noon today.)
Highest. 79 per cent, at 5:50 a.m. today.
. Loweat, 24 per cent, at 4 P.m. yesterday
River Report.
Potomac and Shenandoah Rivera muddy
at Harper* ^arry; Potomac muddy at
Great Pall* today.
Tide Tables.
(Purnished by United State* Coast and
Geodetic Survey.)
. .Today. Tomorrow.
High -11:12 a.m. 11:56 a.m.
bow - 6:36 a.m. 6:lia.m.
High -11:32 p.m. _
Low - 6:07 p.m. 6:48 p.m]
The San and Moan.
Sun, today _ f^4J
Sun. tomorrow_ 7:02 5:43
Moon, today- 9:29 a.m. 10:61p.m.
ona-half °hour after* gunsat. *** tunwd 00
Monthly precipitation in inches In tha
Capital (currsnt month to date):
Month 1940. Aver. Record.
January - 2.12 3.65 7.83 '37
February - 0.35 3.27 8.84 ’84
March-- 3.75 8 84 ’91
April-- 3.27 9.13 '89
May -- 3.70 10.69 '89
June - 4.13 10.94 '00
■iu« .-- 4.71 10.63 '86
August _ 4 01 14 41 *2*
X.?t£mber - —- 3 24 17 45 134
October - 2.84 8.81 '37
November - ... 2.37 8.89 '89
December -- 3.32 7.56 'OX
Weather la Yarloas Cltlea.
Temp Rain
Station*. Bar. High, Low. laU Weather
Abilene __ 30.18 60 35 __ Cloudy
Albany — 29 94 38 18 ___ Snow
Al anta . 29 94 84 43 _ CToudy
Atl City 29.91 50 39 ... Cloudy
Baltimore. 29.01 56 38 _ Cloudy
Birm ham. 29.88 63 49 _ Cloudy
Bismarck. 30.06 28 25 . Cloudy
Boston... 29.88 47 30 Clear
Buffalo 30.00 44 19 0 01 8now
Charleston 30 00 61 48 . _ Cloudy
Chicago 30.03 37 27 _ Snow
Cincinnati 29.94 59 29 _ Cloudy
Cleveland 29 97 47 25 ... CToudy
Columbia 29.97 68 42 _ Cloudy
Des Moines 30.12 31 19 Snow
Denver 30.18 29 12 0.03 Clear
Davenport 30.09 35 27 _ Cloudy
Detroit ... 30.02 42 20 _ Snow
K1 Paso... 30.16 67 33 _ Clear
Galveston. 20.88 86 54 _ Cloudy
Helena... 30.00 34 14 ... cloudy
Huron .. 30.15 23 19 _ Snow
Ind'tpolis- 29.97 45 29 _ CToudy
Jack'vllle 30.03 89 60 _ CToudy
Kans. City 30.12 38 27 _ Cloudy
L. Angeles. 30.09 69 52 Clear
Louisville. 29.91 57 32 0.06 Snow
Miami 30 00 72 88 _ Cloudy
MDls.-St. P 39 15 24 1 Clear
N. Orleans 29.91 70 67 0.01 CToudy
New York . 20.83 54 40 _ Cloudy
Norfolk 29.88 67 49 _ CToudy
Okla City 30.15 48 28 ... SKar
Omaha—. 30.16 24 10 ... Clear
Phtla. ... 29.91 57 44 ... Cloudy
Phoenix 30 12 67 33 ... Clear
Pittsburgh 29 91 65 30 _ CToudy
P'land. Me. 29.88 38 20 Clear
P'land.Ore. 29.71 49 40 0.83 Cloudy
Raleigh 29.91 66 44 ... Cloudy
St. Louis 30 00 44 29 ... Snow
B Lake C. 30.31 38 24 ... Clear
8. Antonio 30.03 77 49 ... Cloudy
San Diego 30.O8 88 46 __ CToudy
S. K*cisco. 30.09 80 60 Clear
Seattle 29.82 4 9 41 0.64 Cloudy
Spokane_ 29.83 49 32 _ Snow
Tampa 30.03 71 54 _ Cloudy
WASH D C. 29.88 64 41 ... Cloudy
(Noon, Greenwich time, today.)
* Temperature. Whether.
Horta (Fayal). A sores.. 62 Rain
(Current observation*.)
San Juan. Puerto Itlco. 74 CToudy
Havana. Cuba.- 65 Cloudy
Colon. Canal Zona_ 80 Cloudy

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