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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, February 16, 1940, Image 3

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'Blackjacking' Laid
ToN. L. R. B.'in Attack
By G. 0. P. Legislator
New Deal Uses Hitler's
Methods to Overthrow
U. S. System, Says Hoffman
in another blast against the Na
tional Labor Relations Board In
the House, Representative Hoffman,
Republican of Michigan, declared
today that the New Deal “uses the
methods of Hitler, applied by some
of the disciples and adherents of
Btalin, to bring about the overthrow
of our government and to create
a draft-Roosevelt movement.”
While the Smith Investigating
Committee of the House held execu-.
tive sessions to consider recom
mending immediate revision of the
Wagner Act, Representative Hoff
man, often an acid critic of the
* Labor Board, declared:
“The President appointed a board
which conceived it to be its duty
to drive all workers into an indus
trial union, adherents of which had
contributed more than $1,000,000 to
the political success of Franklin D.
Mr. Hoffman again reviewed evi
dence brought out at the Smith
committee hearings, which are to be
resumed Tuesday, and the Michigan
Representative charged Board Chair
man J. Warren Madden and Secre
tary Nathan Witt with discrimina
tion and coercion against employers.
Discontent at Law Denied.
Meanwhile, at a House Labor
Committee hearing Lee Pressman,
general counsel for the C. I. O., was
asked by Representative Thomas,
Democrat, of Texas whether he was
aware of discontent with the labor
law. Mr. Pressman replied:
4 “There isn’t any public discon
tent with the law. The alleged dis
content is expressed in newspaper
editorials, but not much of it has
permeated the rank and file of
Mr. Hoffman said he had placed
on the Speaker’s desk a petition
1 discharging the Labor Committee
from further consideration of a bill
he introduced last year providing
for drastic changes in the Wagner
Act and suggested the members
"force out” this measure for consid
Certain procedures of the board,
as brought out before the investi
gation committee, he said, were “in
violation of every idea of fair play
and of justice inherent in every
He charged the board with em
ploying attorneys of foreign birth
with Communistic ideas.
"The hearings before the Smith
committee.” he added, “disclose that
the boards secretary has been a
party to the instigation and the
carrying on of a strike in a great
industrial corporation's plant.”
‘Blackjacking’ Charged.
Mr. Hoffman also said: “The
board has not been content to use
„ the remedies given it by the Na
tional Labor Relations Act. By let
ters to other departments of the
Government it has sought to black
jack employers into entering into
collective bargaining contracts. The
chairman of the board has been
guilty of coercion and intimidation
by writing to other departments
Of the Government, asking them
to either withhold from giving or
to cancel contracts already given
to employers who were charged with
or who might be charged with un
fair labor practices.”
Federal Loan Administrator Jesse
Jones denied at a press conference
late yesterday that the Reconstruc
tion Finance Corp. had any “black
list” of companies involved in labor
troubles, but admitted a few small
loans had been held up at the re
quest of the Labor Board, which
had filed complaints in these cases.
Mr. Jones could recall but three
such cases. In one, he said, the
loan was allowed the next day. In
another case it was held up for two
weeks. A third firm withdrew its
application, deciding to obtain the
money from a bank.
The loan administrator empha
sized he did not regard this as a
“blacklist,” a term used frequently
at the Smith committee hearings
this week. The policy merely is to
“stop, look and listen” when a com
pany is charged with violating an
other Federal law, Mr. Jones ex
“Whether the loan finally is dis
bursed would be our responsibility,”
he added.
Correspondence placed in the com
mittee records showed that an ar
rangement had been made between
the N. L. R. B. and the R. F. C.
under which the lending agency
would be notified as soon as a com
plaint was issued against an em
ployer. The Labor Board, accord
ing to this agreement, would recom
mend withholding any loans until
the case was finally adjudicated.
Loans Authorized Before Check.
Mr. Jones said loans were au
thorized before any check was made
to see whether a company was in
difficulty with any other Federal
department. In his application the
business executive states that he is
respecting the laws, Mr. Jones point
ed out, and if later evidence indi
cates he is not, naturally the R. F.
C. investigates.
In dealing with Labor Board com
plaints, Mr. Jones added, the R. F.
* C. simply was following out the
policy it pursued toward other Fed
eral agencies. In addition to an
swering numerous questions, he is
sued this formal statement:
“The R. F. c. endeavors to co
operate in all proper ways with Fed
eral agencies that have responsibili
ties in connection with businesses
to which loans are made. These
departments of the Government in
clude the Treasury, Controller of the
Currency; Bureau of Internal Reve
nue, Department of Agriculture. De
partment of the Interior, Securities
and Exchange Commission, Federal
Power Commission, Federal Deposit
Insurance Corp., National Labor Re
lations Board and the Wages and
Hours Division of the Department
of Labor.
only short Delay.
“The exchange of letters between
representatives of the R. P. c. and
the two agencies referred to by
Chairman Madden in his testimony
before a congressional committee
was to effect a procedure for the
R. F. C. to follow where loans ap
plicants might be violating Federal
“Authorizations for loans are not
delayed by this procedure, and there
has been only a short delay in the
disbursement of a very few loans.”
SETTING THE STAGE—Chairman John Hamilton wields the
gavel bringing the Republican National Committee to order here
to map plans for the coming convention and presidential cam
With the Senate in recess today. Republican members of that body visited the opening session
to chat with committeemen. Senate Minority Leader McNary of Oregon (left) was snapped with
Kenneth Simpson (center). New York committeeman, and Senator Townsend of Delaware.
—A. P. Photos.
(Continued From First Page.)
present is "underprivileged” in the
matter of membership on the Ex
ecutive Committee and that he
hoped that would be remedied some
Other Vacancies Filled.
Mr. Reece was elected a member
of the National Committee on rec
ommendation of, the State Commit
tee to fill the vacancy caused by the
death of the late Representative
Taylor. Other new members of the
committee elected to*fill vacancies
were B. L. Noojin of Alabama, J. L.
Replogle of Florida, Hill Blackett of
Illinois, Daniel Whetstone of Mon
tana, Lyle Jackson of Nebraska and
Mrs. Lindsay Patterson of North
. Reports Victory Signs.
Mr. Hamilton declared that "all
signs point to a Republican victory
this year,” as he told the committee
members they had assembled to
select the time and place for the
Republican National Convention. He
ridiculed the Democrats for failure
to pick a convention date (they
left that duty to National Chairman
James A. Farley—and Mr. Farley
has said he will fix the date as
soon as the Republicans shall hare
fixed theirs).
“Our political foes appear to have
los' the power to make decisions
without our help.” he said, “so for
the first time in history, it falls to
the lot of this committee not only
to proclaim the date for the com
mencement of the Republican Na
tional Convention, but. also to per
mit the chairman of the party op
posing us to fix the date for its
Mr. Hamilton said in his address
that undoubtedly the Democrats will
select a date later than that of
the Republican convention. “Un
ashamedly,” he said, “they admit
there is so little leadership left in
their ranks that they must wait to
see what we do. How are the mighty
J.I our political foes, even before
the battle begins in earnest, wish to
abdicate their place as the party in
power, surely we cannot complain.”
He added that the Republican party
was ready to select its leaders to
“pilot this country out of the stifling
air of depression and radicalism” in
which it stands today.
"Never before 1933 has there been
a party in power that has given
such ardent sympathy and encour
agement to subversive elements
seeking the downfall of our Amer
ican system,” continued Mr. Ham
ilton. And now, he said, the New
Dealers plan to "torpedo” the Amer
ican tradition that no man should
serve more than two terms as Pres
Only One ‘Qualified.’
“Their own words confess their
lack of candidates as the New
Dealers undertake to promulgate
the doctrine of the one indis
pensable man—a doctrine which
they would transplant here from
the dictatorships abroad. In all the
Democratic party, assert the New
Dealers, there is only one man
only one, mind you—qualified to be
President of the United States.”
Mr. Hamilton said the Democrats
must wage a “defensive and re
treating fight.” He insisted they
had no other recourse, since after
eight years of broken promises and
failure to bring recovery they can
not go to the country “with a
straight face” and promise to do
in the next four years what they
have failed to do in the previous
“Who this year is so gullible as
to place any faith in any promise
cf the New Deal or its discredited
leadership?” he asked. He said that
President Roosevelt in 1932 prom
ised to cut Federal spending 25
per cent and to maintain a sound
currency and to keep private in
dustry from Government competi
tion when he accepted the Demo
cratic national platform “100 per
Now the Democrats, Mr. Hamil
ton continued, “forget the prom
ises—look at our record—see how
we have restored prosperity." They
attempt, he said, to prove by “leg
erdemain" that the national debt
has not been increased and that
this country has reached a new
peak of prosperity. Yet Mr. Ham
ilton pointed out there are still
9.000. 000 unemployed and some
10.000. 000 employed on Government
work of one kind or another. In
their desperation the New Dealers
seek to compare conditions today
with those which existed in 1932
“at the bottom of a world-wide
But, said Mr. Hamilton, in every
1st Hour
5c Ea.
Add. Hr.
1320 N. Y. AVE.
industrial country except the United
States and France, economic re
covery was rapid—“and the French
with ourselves enjoy the luxury of
a new deal."
Compares 7-Year Period*. ♦
Mr. Hamilton said that a fair
comparison would be between the
seven years before the New Deal
with the seven years of the New
Deal. This would show building con
struction one-half lower during
the New Deal; private housing
construction 75 per cent less; farm
ers’ annual cash income more than
a billion dollars less; all national in
come, on an average annual basis.
$9,000,000,000 less.
“And those who would clamp
down upon the American people a
system of State socialism will prate
glibly of democracy," Hamilton con
tinued. “What a pathetic spectacle
it is to see those in high places
preaching the necessity of saving
democracy everywhere* but in the
United States.”
Mr. Hamilton’s address to the
committee was broadcast over a
national radio network. He was
frequently interrupted by applause
as he drove home his criticism of
thfc New Deal.
Discussion of Republican presi
dential candidates was the order of
the day, though most of it was in
private conversation. Dewey, Taft,
Vandenberg and Martin, the Re
publican leader of the House, all
had their adherents.
Conventions in Chicago.
The Republicans have held 21 na
tional conventions since the forma
tion of the party. Eleven of these
conventions took place in Chicago,
and three in Philadelphia. If the
G. O. P. goes to Chicago for its
coming convention, therefore, it will
be like going back home. Abraham
Lincoln was nominated for the first
time in Chicago, the first Republican
President. His second nomination
took place at a convention in Balti
more. The last time the Repub
licans went to Chicago was in 1932.
The first national convention of
the party, in 1856, took place, how
ever, in Philadelphia. The second
Republican national convention held
in that city was in 1872, and the
third and last, in 1900.
iuc memuers oi me national
Committee have come here breath
ing confidence and predicting Re
publican victory next November, no
matter who the Democrats may
name as their presidential candi
Here are'samples of their conver
“In Connecticut the Republican
party stands high in favor because
it is working to put everybody back
to work,” said S. P. Pryor, Jr., of
that State. “The entire State has
only 17,300 people on W. P. A. and
they are fast leaving Government
“The attention of the people of
the United States is again switch
ing back to the tangle of domestic
affairs from European troubles,”
said Kenneth P. Simpson of New
York. “No one will dispute that
such a transfer of attention will not
only help the country, but it is help
ful to the Republican cause.”
Mr. Blackett said: "Downstate
Illinois will bring a 300,000 Repub
lican majority to the Cook County
line. That’s more of a majority than
even Cook County (Chicago) can
overcome regardless of stuffed ballot
boxes. ’ He predicted the G. O. P.
would pick up 10 or 12 House seats
now held by Democrats.
Democrats Seen Divided.
Robert P. Bourroughs of New
Hampshire said that Republican
success in his State never looked
surer than it does today. A di
vided Democratic party—with the
Pittman and McCarran factions at
each other’s throats—gives the Re
publicans a good chance In Ne
vada, Mrs. O. C. Stewart insisted.
She predicted a Republican would
supplant Senator Pittman after the
November elections. Another State
in which Democratic factions are
fighting and thereby aiding the
Republicans is Missouri, said Ar
thur M. Curtis of that State. “You
will see that the breaking of ma
chine politics in Kansas City will
mean the loss to the Democrats of
100,000 voters in that city alone,”
he said. Walter S. Hallanan of
West Virginia said: "Our State is
headed back to the Republican
ranks. Certainly the fact that many
thousands of coal miners are sick of
New Deal promises will not hurt
us any.”
"The swing toward the Repub
lican standard in Washington is
very noticeable,” said Miller Free
man of that State. "Personally I
am in favor of an early convention.
We have a job to do, and I, for one,
believe we should take all the time
we can to do it.”
Stopping off en route to a South
ern speaking trip, Frank Gannett,
publisher and presidential candi
date, echoed Mr. Hamilton's
thoughts of a third Roosevelt can
“It would be the surest and quick
est way to get rid of him, not only
as President but as a menace to the
restoration of the Democratic party
to its true principles and its hon
ored leadership of the past,” Mr.
Gannett said.
Mr. Gannett disclosed he would
not contest for delegates in any Re
publican primaries, but would de
pend on support in the convention
from uninstructed delegations. He
estimated that there would be more
than 300 unpledged delegates west
of the Mississippi alone.
The committee members were
guests last night at a reception
given in honor of Senator and
Mrs. Robert A. Taft of Ohio by
Mrs. Katherine Kennedy Brown,
national committeewoman from
that State, in the Mayflower Hotel.
Earlier they had been guests at
tea of Senator and Mrs. Arthur H.
Vandenberg of Michigan.
Washington traffic victims last year
who were 75 years of age and over
accounted for 15.3 per cent of the
total of 85 fatalities, although that
particular age group formed only 1.6
per cent of the population.
Highest quality. Approv- i
ed by Fire Underwriters.
Sturdy, precision con
struction for long life
and economy. Has high
and low switch. Com
plete with six foot cord.
Bring or mail coupons
and $1.10 to the John H.
Wilkins Co.. 525 R.I. Ave.
N.E. If mailed, add 10c
for cost of packing and
mailing each article.
NOTE:. There's a coupon
in the bottom of each
can. Do not open cans
in advance to obtain
coupons — stale coffee
will result.
Many other splendid
bargains illustrated in
the folder tucked under
the key on each vacu
um can of Wilkins. Of
fer expires July 1. 1940.
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<Continued From First Page.)
safe for long-range patrol planes
and commercial aircraft.
Opponents contended that the
proposal would constitute the first
step toward complete fortification
of the island—less than 1,600 miles
from Tokio—and, as such, would
provoke trouble with Japan.
Representative Sutphin, Demo
crat, of New Jersey, who fought the
Guam project last year, argued that
it was "nothing but a subsidy” for
Pan-American Airways—the only
commercial airline using the island.
Administration leaders indicated
they were counting on the intensity
of the Guam controversy to ease
the way for the rest of the huge
money bill, cut $111,700,000 below
President Roosevelt's estimates by
the Appropriations Committee.
The bill, still carrying $51,412,000
more than the Navy received for the
current fiscal year, would provide
funds to start work on 19 combat
ships, 5 auxiliary vessels and 352
additional airplanes, as well as to
continue work on 79 warships and
18 auxiliary vessels already under
The House yesterday heard Chair
man Vinson of its Naval Committee
condemn proposed construction of
75,000-ton super-battleships as "ex
tremely unwise” at this time. In
withholding most of the funds
sought for two new 45,000-ton
battleships, an Appropriations Sub
committee had urged the Navy to
determine whether bigger ships
would be preferable.
The Senate recessed for the week
end after passing the $1,032,784,115
Treasury and Post Office Depart
ments appropriation bill yesterday.
Although the measure carried about
$600,000 more than the House voted,
it still was (slightly more than $11,
000,000 under budget estimates.
42 Regular $30 Suits - - *15’°°
127 Regular $35 Suits - - *17*50
74 Regular $40 Suits - , $20*°°
32 Regulag:
•— ■ —. mr—. .■
31 Regular $40 O'Coats *20 °°
22 Reg. $47.50 OOoats *23 75
29 Rpgular $55 O'Coats *27 50
j„ •. . ... '_ , ■ • \ . \
House Farm Leaders
See LHtie Chance
For Certificate Plan
Jones Says Program
Should Blanket All
Major Crops
By the Associated Press.
Despite, a strong Indorsement by
Secretary Wallace, House farm lead
ers said today there was little pos
sibility that Congress would approve
the certificate plan of providing
permanent agricultural subsidies.
Secretary Wallace recommended
the plan to the House Agriculture
Committee yesterday, saying that it
would produce a more regular in
come for farmers than fluctuating
appropriations and that it appeared
far superior to other farm aid pro
Chairman Jones, Democrat, of
Texas of the committee contended,
however, that it could not be ap
plied to com and hogs—and possibly
not to export cotton.
‘‘We’ve all got to be together be
fore we can go to the House with
a general program,” Mr. Jones said.
“Why should we advocate one thing
for wheat, cotton and rice and an
other for com?”
Mr. Jones said that since there
are so many competitive products
for com and hogs, the plan could
not be applied to them. He added
that the same argument held, to a
lesser degree, In the case of cotton,, ,
especially for export. *;
Secretary Waliace asserted that ■'
the economic effects of the certifl- .
cate plan and the invalidated pnx.-’U
easing tax would be the same, but •
the legality of the former was
apparent. v *
“A marketing certificate plan
would achieve the benefits of proc
essing taxes without entailing their
difficulties,” he said. “No appro
priations would be required for a
marketing certificate program; the
certificate requirement would not be
a tax; the program would be based
on the power of Congress to regulate
Meanwhile, a group of farm State
Senators and House members was -*
reported to have agreed to seek an
immediate $60,000,000 increase in
the current $500,000,000 appropria
tion for soil conservation benefit
payments. , v
Representative Cannon, Democrat,
of Missouri said that farmer com
pliance with the A. A. A. programs
had been greater than anticipated,
and that, without the addition, the "
Agriculture Department would run
out of funds in about two weeks.
Imports of Manganese
Ores Jump in 1939
Br the Associated Press.
United States Imports of manga*
nese ores increased about 35 per
cent in manganese content last
year, the Commerce Department
reports. The ore contained 702,934,
243 pounds of manganese and waa
worth (8,498,050.
Granville B. Jacobs
B. 8.—M. 8.
One Wan Street—New Ink City.
GranviUe Jacobs has sersanaUy
trained more adults In effectire
ooblic speakint dnrint the last
three years than any ether in
ter in the United States
The Granville B. Jacobs Coarse in
plus Strategy in Dealing With People
And younger men on their way up, from the following
Washington organisations, have profited from this course t
When the people from these concerns were asked why they
preferred the Jacobs course, 93% gave as their first reason
"Personal Coaching" and the experience of the instructor.
This class is being organized in order to serve
the overflow enrollment from the classes
organized last month. Each group is limited
to 40 people.
Come to this meeting and
judge for yourself. You must
see what this course has done
for others to realize what it can
do for you.
Mezzanine Parlor A
February 17
2 P.M.
Beth Men and Women Welcome
N# Cost No Obligation
Prepare for Richer Rewards—
and Greater Leadership

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