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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, February 20, 1940, Image 2

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Wang's Fukien Army
Reported Disrupted
By Mutiny, Defeat
1,800 Have Surrendered,
Chinese Say, Others
Almost Surrounded
St the Associated Press.
HONG KONG, Feb. 30.—Mutiny
and defeat have disrupted a Japan
ese-sponsored army of Chinese
within a week of its first move
against the Chinese government
forces, the Chinese Central News
Agency reported today.
Japanese military avlthorities an
nounced February 13 that a new
army of Chinese, supporting Wang
Ching-Wei had been landed on the
coast of Fukien Province and was
fighting the troops of Generalissimo
Chiang Kai-shek. They Indicated
the army was 50,000 strong. Wang
is the anti-government Chinese
chosen by Japan to head a Japan
ese-controlled regime in China.
Central News, an agency of
Chiang s, said 1,800 men of this
army had surrendered in Fukien,
taking with them to the Chinese
government side 1,500 rifles and
20 machine guns.
A mixed force of Japanese and
the dissident Chinese was said to be
engaged on three sides 15 miles west
of Amoy, in the Halting district.
Five hundred other members of
this army were said by Central News
to have mutinied at Lanfeng, in
Honan Province, killing their Japa
nese officers and advisers and burn
ing barracks and supply depots. The
rebel leader was killed, the agency
laid.
Meanwhile, reliable sources indi
cated the Chinese had been over
optimistic in reporting that the Jap
anese were withdrawing from the
Kwangsi Province city of Nanning.
Latest reports said the Chinese
advance guard still was 10 miles
north of the city, and that the Jap
anese were building new fortifica
tions to prevent its recapture. It
was estimated 1,500 truckloads of
Japanese had moved southward, but
that a large garrison remained in
the provincial center the Japanese
seized last November.
French Again Protest
Hanoi Raid Bombings
By the Associated Press.
TOKIO, Feb. 20.—French Ambas
sador Charles Arsene Henry pro
tested today for the third time to
Japan over repeated bombings of
the French-operated Hanoi-Kum
ming railway running from Indo
china into the Chinese Southwest.
In a 40-minute interview with
Vice Foreign Minister Masayuki
Tani, the French Ambassador was
believed to have demanded that the
Japanese pay for damage to the
railroad.
The French last protested Feb
ruary 6. The railroad is a route
of supplies sent to the central Chi
nese government.
Betsey Roosevelt Files
Cross-Suit for Divorce
By the Auocieted Pres*.
LOS ANGELES, Feb. 20.—Betsey
Cushing Roosevelt, wife of the
President’s eldest son James, has
Joined her movie-producer husband
In seeking a divorce. *
Through Attorney Nell S. Mc
Carthy, Mrs. Roosevelt late yester
day filed a cross-complaint to her
husband's action of last week, ask
ing a decree on grounds of desertion
and cruelty. His complaint accused
her of deserting him.
Neither suit mentions custody of
their two children, Sara Delano, 7,
and Kate, 4, but Mrs. Roosevelt's at
torney, In a statement Issued In
New York last week, said they would
remain with her.
Her action embodied a plea that a
property settlement already exe
cuted be approved. The agreement
was not announced. She categori
cally denied her husband’s desertion
charge.
The Roosevelts were married In
Brookline, Mass., June 4. 193(J, and
separated November 1, 1938.
Mr. Roosevelt, meanwhile, pre
pared to leave by air today for
Washington. He is scheduled to ad
dress a Washington’s Birthday din
ner In Philadelphia.
David Rifchie McKee, Jr.,
To Be Buried Tomorrow
Funeral services will be held to
morrow for David Ritchie McKee,
Jr., 60, a native of Washington, who
died yesterday in New York City.
The rites are to be conducted in
Oak Hill Cemetery.
Mr. McKee was the son of David
R. McKee, head of the Associated
Press In Washington for many years.
Graduated from Yale University in
1902, he had been a construction
engineer In Mexico and Venezuela.
During the World War he served
overseas with the Artillery Corps.
Surviving are his brother, Lanier
McKee, and a nephew and niece,
E. Bates McKee and Mrs. Charles
Parker Stone, all of New York, and
a daughter, Mrs. Frederick H.
Brooke of Washington.
Two Homes Bequeathed
To Gospel Mission
JThe Gospel Mission, 214 John
Marshall place N.W., will receive
two houses after the death of a
woman who was granted the use
of them during her lifetime, by the
terms of the will of Miss Grace
Garriott, who died October 25. Her
estate is valued at around $10,000.
Miss Garriott left her property
at 1304 Kenyon street N.W. and 1319
Kennedy street N.W. to Minnie Bub
year for her life and upon her death
It goes to the Gospel Mission.
Miss Garriott left $500 to Unl
versalist General Convention, Bos
ton, Mass., in memory of her mother
and she made numerous bequests to
relatives and friends.
Chest Speakers Visit
Friendship House
Volunteer speakers of the Com
munity Chest became neighbors for
a night when a group of 30 persons
last night toured the 50-room
Friendship House at 619 D street
A supper was served at the settle
ment house before the tour, and
following inspection the group was
invited to Join in the square danc
ing which featured the social por
tion of the program.
I
TUCSON, ARIZ.—ELLIOTT ROOSEVELTS ON BIG GAME HUNT
—Following In the footsteps of Theodore Roosevelt, his famous
relative, Elliott Roosevelt, son of the President, and his second
wife, the former Ruth Googlns of Burlington, Iowa, start on a
big game hunt in Mexico. Here the couple is shown by their
well-stocked automobile as they stopped here. —A. P. Photo.
Frustration Often the Lot
Of Wang, Chinese Politician
Chiang Kai-shek's Rival Has Been
Near Supreme Power Several Times
By A. T. STEELE.
Chicago Daily News Foreign Correspondent.
SHANGHAI.—Frustration is noth
ing new to Mr. Wang Ching-wei, the
opportunistic, impractical but canny
politician who ran away from
Chungking more than a year ago to
elope with the Japanese.
To the Chinese government Wang
is a traitor and a puppet. To the
Japanese Army, which wants him as
the head of a central government in
China, Wang is a slippery politician
who keeps asking more and more
and still balks at putting his signa
ture on the dotted line.
Wang's estimate of himself is
naturally more exalted. He says he
is no puppet, but a patriot who seeks
to effect an honorable and lasting
peace between Japan and China as
the crowning achievement of his
career.
Wang has fallen a long way in
popular estimation since he ran out
on his colleagues at Chungking.
Wang’s only chance of reinstating
himself in public favor is by bring
ing the Sino-Japanese abyss on a
basis satisfactory to all China. If
he fails, it will be but another—and
probably the last—frustration in a
lifetime devoted to reaching for the
stars.
Dogged by Lifetime Jinx.
A man of fiery temperament,
spectacular methods and overwhelm
ing ambition, Wang has several times
during his career been within reach
of the supreme power he coveted,
only to be checked on each occasion
just a single notch from his goal.
And each time the obstacle in his
path was Gen. Chiang Kai-shek.
If ever a man has been dogged by
a lifetime jinx, that man is Wang
Ching-wei. And now with sickness
and age creeping up on him he will
have to work fast if he is to shake
off the “spell.” He is staking his life,
his reputation, and his place in
Chinese history in an attempt to
settle his old feud with Chiang
Kai-shek and at the same time to
consummate a Sino-Japanese peace.
Who can say which motive is upper
most in his mind?
One of Wang's doctors has been
quoted as saying that Wang's con
dition is so dangerous that he could
pass out of the picture at any time.
On the other hand, with care, he
may prolong his life for years. Ife
is suffering from a chronic kidney
ailment, a liver infection and is re
puted to be still carrying in his back
one of the bullets fired into him by
a would-be assassin at Nanking In
1935. Today, Wang is unable to relax
his guard for a single instant against
the twin perils of fatal illness and
assassination
First Big Frustration.
Wang Ching-wei was bom at
Canton 54 years ago; yet despite the
delicacy of his health he looks 10
years younger than his age. He was
a callow, sensitive youth of 19, burn
ing with nationalistic fervor, when
he went to Japan to study. It was
there that he joined the Tung Meng
Hui, Dr. Sun Yat-sen’s revolutionary
party, and began plotting the over
throw of the Manchu dynasty.
He had his first big chance and
suffered his first big frustration
when he attempted unsuccessfully to
assassinate the prince regent of
China, father of the present Em
peror of M&nchukuo. Condemned to
prison for life, he was released at the
outbreak of the revolution in 1911.
Wang, like Chiang Kai-shek, was
an ardent disciple of Dr. Sun and
probably was closer to the father
of the Chinese revolution than was
the present generalissimo of China.
When Dr. Sun lay dying in March,
1925, he entrusted Wang with the
mission of drafting his will—now a
state document.
Wang considered himself the
rightful heir to the mantle of lead
ership relinquished by the venerated
Dr. Sun. He was elected, almost
immediately after Dr. Sun’s death, to
the chairmanship of the new nation
alistic government at Canton. But
another young follower of Dr. Sun—
Chiang Kai-shek—was then rising
fast. Wang discovered to his dis
appointment that he was only No.
2. after all. He never graduated from
that status.
Eloquent Orator.
Wang was and Is the most elo
quent orator in China But in China,
oratorical prowess and political
acumen avail little without an army;
and Wang Ching-wei has never com
manded an army that he could call
his own. That explains why he had
to play second fiddle to Gen. Chiang
Kai-shek. Today, under Japanese
protection, Wang is organizing an
army that he hopes will do his bid
ding. but it is yet to bo put to test.
Wang is the grasshopper at
4
Chinese politics. His career is a series
of jumps in and out of the Chiang
Kai-shek fold. He has often been
accused of putting personal ambi
tion above the best interests of his
government and his country.
Wang did not stick long as head
of the government at Canton. In
1926 he quit the job because he
couldn’t get along with Chiang
Kai-shek. He went off to Prance
on "sick leave’’ but came back soon
to rejoin the government. Again he
disagreed with Chiang and again he
set sail for European shores.
Seriously Wounded by Gunman.
It was not until 1929 that he re
turned to China to become president
of the executive yuan of the central
government at Nanking. But he
didn’t like the setup, for all the
power and the revenues were in the
hands of Chiang Kai-shek and his
in-laws. And he didn’t like the gov
ernment’s policies, which were not
sufficiently pro-Japanese to suit
Wang. He continually advocated
compromise and co-operation with
Japan, even through the Manchurian
incident. In 1935, at a political meet
ing in Nanking, a gunman critically
wounded Wang. He departed again
for Europe.
On his return to China in 1937,
Wang became chairman of the Cen
tral Political Council of the national
government and the following year
was elected head of the Peoples
Political Council, hailed at that time
as China's first step toward democ
racy. He stood by the government
during the first year and a half of
the war and made speeches de
nouncing Japanese aggression. But
he worked continually for peace.
He was under general suspicion,
however, from all quarters and
especially from the Communists, who
feared that he would sell out the
country.
After the removal of the govern
ment to Chungking he lost practi
cally all influence and authority.
(Copyright, 1940. by Chicago Dally
Neva. Inc.)
J. L. Webb and Betty Brann
Wedding in Florida Surprise
By the Associated Press.
WEST PALM BEACH, Fla., Feb.
20 —Jacob L. Webb, a great-great
grandson of Commodore Cornelius
Vanderbilt, and his bride, a daugh
ter of Mr. and Mrs. William L.
Brann of Frederick, Md., flew to
Nassau yesterday after a surprise
marriage at Fort Pierce.
The former Miss Betty Brann’s
father owns Challedon, the coun
try's 1939 3-year-old thoroughbred
racing champion.
Congress in Brief
TODAY.
Senate:
In recess.
Appropriations Subcommittee con
siders funds for State. Justice and
Commerce Departments.
Commerce Department takes up
rivers and harbors legislation.
Monopoly Committee continues in
surance investigation.
House:
Continues debate on reciprocal
trade program.
BankingCommittee studies Finnish
loan bllL
Labor committees resume hearings
on Wagner Act amendments.
Smith Committee resumes hear
ings in Labor Board investigation.
Special subcommittee of District
Committee begins open hearings on
liquor situation.
Public Health Subcommittee of
District Committee begins investiga
tion of Receiving Home for Children.
Special subcommittee of District
Committee continues investigation
of gasoline situation.
TOMORROW.
Senate:
Will not meet.
Conferees on transportation bill,
executive, 10 a.m.
Foreign Relations Committee,
general business, executive, 10:30
a.m.
House:
Continues debate on reciprocal
trade agreements.
Smith Committee resumes inves
tigation of National Labor Rela
tions Board, 10 am.
Indian Affairs Committee con
siders Indian jurisdictional bills,
10:30 am.
Post Office Committee considers
bill to extend franking privilege to
widows of former Presidents, 10 am.
Special subcommittee of District
Committee resumes Investigation of
liquor situation, 10 am.
Jr
City's Social Welfare
Needs Summarized
By Ray H« Everett
Hygiene Society Official
Speaks at Luncheon
Launching Rotary Week
Ray H. Everett, executive secre
tary of the Social Hygiene Society,
was principal speaker yesterday at
a luncheon in the Willard Hotel,
which launched Rotary observance
week here. Introduced by Albert
W. Atwood, who presided, Mr. Ever
ett chose as his subject, “Social
Welfare In Washington—First Class
and Steerage."
The speaker blamed what he
called "absentee landlordism” for
most of the social ills of the Cap
ital—supervision by the 500-odd busy
men and women on Capitol Hill.
He called this condition a “debili
tating social malady," but he exon
erated the Congressmen “whose
primary interests are rightfully and
of necessity either national or in
their constituencies.”
Social agencies in Washington,
Mr. Everett said, seem to be suffer
ing from malnutrition, and “were it
not that most executives of our
institutions are devoted, conscien
tious and efficient administrators,
Washington’s needy might fare far
worse than they do.”
Welfare Needs Listed.
In a brief summary of the Dis
trict’s social welfare needs Mr.
Everett gave a list which he said
was compiled after consultation with
12 experts:
1. Care for employables for whom
no public assistance is now avail
able.
2. The removal or at least the
raising of the so-called “ceiling” of
relief now in effect in all public
assistance cases, especially those
classified under aid to dependent
children: and provision for more
case workers.
3. More adequate funds for the
operation of the Health Department.
4. More adequate care for families
not eligible for public relief.
5. More adequate personnel and
equipment for Gallinger Hospital
and extension of its social service
department. The same for Freed
men's Hospital.
6. New legislation for the protec
tion of unmarried mothers and their
children, Including the licensing of
child-placing agencies.
7. A sufficient Federal appropri
ation to take care of all certified
unemployed for whom no funds are
provided, and removal of the 18
monthse’ limitation for continued
employment.
Model Home for Aged.
8. Adequate appropriations to pro
vide a model home for the aged
and a proper receiving home.
9. Legislation authorizing and ap
propriating money for the nrotective
service in the public child welfare
program.
10. Adoption of the school board's
five years' program and enough
money for its execution.
11. The setting up in the Board
of Public Welfare of a department
of the homeless, adequately manned
and staffed—and the establishment
of a modern municipal lodging
house.
12. A continuance of progress in
slum clearance.
13. Enactment of a small loan law
that would make it unnecessary for
citizens in need of such loans to go
outside the District and pay exorbi
tant interest.
14. A better understanding by the
Congress and' the business, profes
sional and other citizen groups of
the District of Columbia of what is
involved in a social welfare program,
and an understanding of its cost
and the responsibility of the tax
payer and Congress.
As presiding officer at the lunch
eon. Mr. Atwood called attention
to the fact that the local Rotary
Club is now celebrating its 35th an
niversary.
French Await Attacks
On Air Centers When
'Real War'Starts
Plane Factories, Bases
First Nazi Objectives,
Flyers Believe
By TAYLOR HENRY,
Associated Press Foreign Correspondent.
WITH THE FRENCH AIR ARMY
AT THE FRONT, Feb. 20.—Should
"real war” break out with the end
of winter weather, French flyers
believe one of the first German
moves would be mass attacks on
France’s air bases and plane fac
tories.
This theory, heard among the
rank and file, Is not official, but
apparently has enough official sup
port to have caused strengthening
of ground defenses for all air bases.
The air army reasons that before
Germany can hope to start any
large-scale land offensive, she must
master the air in combat or by de
stroying French bases and sources
of supply.
Could Start "Total War.”
If such a campaign succeeded,
the French flyers say Germany then
could start the long-awaited “total
war.” They believe that in the
meantime the German bombers
would avoid other objectives for
fear of reprisals in kind.
The French opinion is that such
a campaign would fail for three rea
sons:
That the French and British to
gether are at least equal to Germany
in the air; that even if the Germans
broke through, they would have to
face a ring of anti-aircraft defenses:
and that to master the air it would
be necessary to destroy the French
planes themselves, a difficult task in
the French view. *
French Confident.
With the elaborate warning sys
tem along the frontier, the French
believe their planes could fight the
Germans out of the air before an ob
jective could be reached. All they
ask is a fighting chance, they say,
and even if caught on the ground,
they would not risk overwhelming
losses.
The French do not group their
planes in hangars, but leave them
on flying fields at wide intervals, dis
persed so that a direct hit would be
necessary to destroy any one plane.
“It would take a thousand tons of
bombs tb destroy this field alone,”
an officer at an average-sized field
summed it up. "And the Germans
just haven't got that many bombs.”
British Air Force Ready
For Possible Shift East
WITH THE BRITISH AIR
FORCES IN FRANCE. Feb. 20 (4>).
—With the approach of spring and
the possibility that the war may
warm up along with the weather,
British flyers are ready to take full
wing at a moment's notice—perhaps
in a new theater of action.
For six months the fighter, bomb
er and scouting squadrons have been
doing regular patrol work over the
western front. They report they
have lost only one or two .fighters
and a few reconnaissance ships in
that time while bringing down 24
German craft of all types.
The severe winter, with tempera
tures down to 9 below zero and snows
up to 2 feet in depth, put a crimp in
activity on the continent, particu
larly after heavy snowfalls in Jan
uary and February.
During the lull, Air Marshal A. S.
Barratt, who looks like a movie hero,
took over the post of commander of
all British flying forces in France.
Now the flyeds are looking for action,
and say it would find them better
prepared than at any time since the
war began in September.
The non-flying time has been put
to use in re-equipping squadrons,
consolidating bases and improving
airports. New planes have been
brought in and old ohes assigned to
other missions.
Col. White Returning to West
In Exchange of Park Jobs
Many Adventures
Mark Career of
Picturesque Figure
Col. John R. White, operations
chief of the National Park Service,
former adventurer and gold pros
pector, will be transferred soon from
his post here back to the West.
For the last year he has confined
his activities to an office in the In
terior Department, after spending
more than 20 years in the field
service and 20 years before that
roaming about the world in search
of adventure. He is exchanging'
posts with Hillory A. Tolson, former
operations chief, who is now direc
tor of Region III, which embraces
the park areas in the Southwest and
parts of Colorado and Nevada.
Mr. Tolson had been on duty in
Washington many years until his
transfer in January, 1939, and is ex
pected to resume his former duties
April 16.
During his brief period in official
Washington circles, Col. White has
been a' picturesque figure. He is 60
now and it was 43 years ago when
he began his life of adventure. As
a youth of 17 he enlisted in the
Greek Foreign Legion and fought
the Turks in Thessaly in 1897. A
year later he returned home in time
to join the gold rush to Alaska in
*98.
Stayed in Tropics 13 Tears.
The wanderlust possessed him and
a year later found him with the
United States Army in the Philip
pines. He liked the tropics and
stayed there 13 years in the Philip
pine constabulatory. Before long he
was a colonel.
Life in the Philippines was to his
taste. There was constant guerilla
warfare and jungle lighting against
savage head-hunting natives. Be
tween expeditions ,he served as gov
ernor of the wild Agusan Province,
became superintendent of the Iwa
hlg Penal Colony and founded the
first military academy for Filipino
cadets at Baguio.
in spite or a severe wound in
curred during one.of the expeditions
which caused him to retire from
the constabulary in 1914, Col. White
volunteered for World War service.
He had done relief work in Europe
earlier but when the United States
entered the war he was one of the
Brat to join the Mrat Officers' Train
i
COL. JOHN R. WHITE.
mg Camp at Fort Myer, Va„ out of
which he emerged a major.
Camp duties bored him so he
transferred to the air service and
became a pilot. In France, with
rank of lieutenant colonel, he com
manded the military police training
school and later was deputy provost
marshal of the American Expedi
tionary Forces.
Became Ranger After War.
When the war was over Col. White
became a ranger In the National
Park Service. Roaming the moun
tains and forests suited him so well
he remained in the service. It
wasn’t long before he was made
superintendent of Sequoia National
Park, a position he held until a
year ago, when he took a desk Job
in Washington.
Col. White wrote his early adven
tures in a book called “Bullets and
Bolos.” He is also co-author of a
book on the Sequoia, “Big Trees.”
Friends say he isn’t sorry to return
to the West.
since, ms graduation from George
Washington University and National
University Law School, Mr. Tolson,
who Is resuming the post of opera
tions chief, has had about 20 years
in the Government service. He was
a special agent at one time in the
Federal Bureau of Investigation and
entered the park service in 1832 as
an attorney.
Mr. Tolson was a marine during
the World War and a track athlete
In his college days.
A
AMATEUR NIGHT IN THE FIVE AND DIME—Harry Ades, one
of the proprietors of H. S. King Co.’s 5-and-10-cent store at 1504
Seventh street N.W., looks at damage done to safe by amateur
robbers who entered the store during the night. They used
hammers, can openers and assorted tools and succeeded in pry
ing off outer door, but failed to open drawer where tidy sum of
cash rested. —Star Staff Photo.
, Will Durant Says
U. S. Reads Too
Much About War
By the Associated Press.
SAN FRANCISCO. Feb. 20.—
Americans are being given too much
news on Europe’s war. Dr. Will
Durant, author and historian, be
lieves. /'
In an interview, he said historians
and editors who play up the war
news are leading the thoughts of
the men in the street away from the
things they should be most con
cerned with.
“Americans should be concen
trating on their normal duties, such
as taking care of their families,
working, going to the movies, and
other things.”
Dr. Durant said life would go on
the same after the war in Europe
ended. Man will not change his
inherent instincts for greed and
pugnacity.
“Permanent and enduring peace?
That's a new one on me—sounds
like a cemetery, doesn't it?”
Conduct of Children
To Be Conference Topic
The Lincoln Civic Association to
day called on the Parent-Teacher
Associations of the Francis Junior
High and the Briggs, Stevens and
Montgomery Schools to join in a
conference on the conduct of chil
dren.
Disturbed over actions of school
children and their public conduct,
the civic group, meeting in the
Francis Junior High School yester
day. agreed to work for joint action
by parents, teachers and community
leaders.
As a first step, it is proposed to
hold a father-and-son banquet and
a mother-and-daughter banquet.
Dewitt Long was named chairman
of the men’s section to formulate
plans and Mrs. Rosetta Dutch was
designated to work on the mothers’
meeting. Extent of the program,
E. F. Harris, association president,
said today, would depend on the
response received from the parent
teacher groups.
The meeting also adopted a reso
lution calling on President Roose
velt to name a colored represent
ative to the Alley Dwelling Author
ity with “full rights and privileges."
The group charged inefficiency and
inactivity on the part of the author
ity, and claimed four projects had
been pending two years and only
recently had definite action been
started on two of them.
The organization also agreed to
continue to push its congressional
resolution asking a better adminis
tration of the A. D. A.
Nine C. U. Freshmen
Make Phi Eta Sigma
Nine Catholic University freshmen
have been named to membership in
Phi Eta Sigma, national freshman
honorary scholarship fraternity, it
was announced today by the Rev.
Dr. Charles A. Hart, moderator. Five
of the nine are Washingtonians.
Washington students are John F.
Dillon, Austin J. Deferrari, George
R. Barse, Robert C. Sullivan and
Alfred J. Bell. Others are Anthony
Del Giomo, New York; Charles J.
O’Keefe, Arlington,' Va.; John B.
Robinson, Connecticut, and Frater
Edward Mahan of the Carmelite
College. Election is based on aca
demic achievement.
Initiation will be March 4 at Col
liers Inn at the annual banquet of
the fraternity. Mr. Dillon will re
ceive a plaque at this time as the
highest ranking freshman.
Lenten Service
Under the Auspicet
of
The Washington
Federation of Churches
Epiphany Episcopal
Church
Tomorrow at 4:45 P.M.
Preacher:
Dr. W. S. Abernathy
Pastor sf tbs Calrarr Baatiat Chare*
THE PUBLIC 18 INVITED
Gardner Indictment
In Dies Probe Is
Upheld by Court
Demurrer Overruled;
20 Days Given to
Answer Charges
Legality of the Dies Committee’s
investigation of un-American activ
ities was sustained today in an
opinion by District Court Justice
Peyton Gordon, who overruled a de
murrer to an indictment charging
Fraser S. Gardner with perjury.
Gardner, claimed by the Govern
ment to be associated with William
Dudley Pelley, leader of the Silver
Shirts, as a research expert, was
given 20 days w'ithin which to plead
to the indictment.
Gardner demurred to an Indict
ment returned on October 2, in
which it was charged that on Au
gust 23 he testified falsely under
oath as a witness before the Dies
Committee. The Government
charges Gardner contended he had
no connection with any group under
investigation by the committee.
Seven grounds of attack were set
forth in the demurrer, one of the
principal points being that the in
dictment was bad because the Dies
Committee, authorized by House
resolution of the Seventy-fifth Con
gress, ceased to exist with that Con
gress on January 3, 1939.
It is expected that Gardner will
plead innocent and that the Gov
ernment will bring him to trial
soon.
Assistant United States Attorney
John W. Fihelly is representing the
Government in the case.
Meanwhile, Chairman Dies said
today his committee probably would
resume hearings March 15 and con
tinue until Jline 1. It will recess
during the presidential campaign.
Montanan Files
HELENA, Mont., Feb. 20 OP).—
Representative Jacob Thorkelson,
Republican, has sent $100 to Sec
retary of State Sam W. Mitchell
as a filing fee for renomination.
The Butte doctor's official filing
will be made when Mr. Mitchell
receives back a formal nomination
petition from Washington.
Col. Lindbergh Sees
No 'Justification' on
Either Side in War
'It's the Old Story of
Modern World/ He
Soys in Article
Br the Associated Press.
NEW YORK, Feb. 20. — CoL
Charles A. Lindbergh sees no bal
ance of “justification” on either side
in the European war, declaring it
merely another struggle for material
gain by the western nations.
The German people, he says in the
March Issue of the Atlantic Month
ly, are struggling to gain territory
and power; the English and French
to prevent another European nation
from becoming strong enough to de
mand a share In Influence and em
pire.
ii is me oia story in a modern
world—the right of conquest against
the right of possession. Measured
by their own standards of today, or
their enemies’ standards of yester
day and tomorrow, the Germans are
as much in the right as the English
and French, for right is not an ab
solute quality; it is relative to out
look, and outlook changes with con
ditions—varies from year to year
and from generation to generation.’*
Col. Lindburgh declares neither
America nor Western civilization
will gain by a continuation of the
struggle.
“The longer it goes on the weaker
our family of nations will be, and
the more it will add to the conquests
of Russia and Japan," he predicts.
To save themselves, he says, West
ern nations must find some way to
adjust the rights of nations to share
in material benefits of the world
under changing conditions and birth
rates.
The solution, he says, lies in shar
ing influence among a sufficient
number of Europe's peoples to
“make sure they control an over
whelming military strength.
“Then, and then only, can our
civilization endure in safety. Ger
many is as essential to this group
as England and France, for she
alone can either dam the Asiatic
hordes or form the spearhead for
their penetration into Europe.’*
House Passes Leave Bill
To Benefit U. S. Workers
Thousands of Government em
ployes on a five-day work-week
basis will benefit under liberalized
leave legislation passed by the
House yesterday and sent to the
President.
The bill ends the practice of
charging time off against employes
on sick and annual leave for inter
vening Sundays, holidays and other
days when no work would be per
formed anyway. A controller gen
eral ruling had held that the charge
was proper.
The principal beneficiaries will be
employes in the Government
Printing Office, Navy Yard and Bu
reau of Engraving and Printing.
Malone and Burton
To Talk to Accountants
Harold G. Malone, controller of
the Hecht Co., and Harold E. Burton,
vice president and treasurer of
Southern Dairies, will be the speak
ers at a dinner meeting of the
Washington Chapter, National As
sociation of Cost Accountants, to
morrow at 6:30 pm. at the Hamilton
Hotel.
Mr. Malone will discuss proposed
amendments to the District Unem
ployment Compensation Act. and
Mr. Burton's topic will be “Market
ing and Distributing Costs.”
Readers' Club to Give
Two Plays Tonight
Two plays will be staged at 8:30
o'clock tonight by the Washington
Readers Club in the alliance room
of All Soul's Unitarian Church,
Sixteenth and Harvard streets, N.W.
They are “The Flattering Word”
by George Kelly and “Kate's Press
Agent” by Edward Frieberger. A
musical program also is scheduled.
Speeders start there, careful
drivers get there.
Weather Report
(Furnished by the United States Weather Bureau.)
n„hiDiS)triCt °L 9°lumbia—'Cloudy tonight and tomorrow with occasional
light rain, probably mixed with snow; not much change in temperature*
lowest tonight about 34 degrees; moderate to fresh winds, mostly northerly’
Maryland Light snow in west portion and light rain mixed with snow"
tonight 1X5111011 tonight and tomorrow; slightly colder in east portion
Virginia-Light snow in west and light rain in east portion tonieht
and tomorrow; slightly colder tonight. ^ tonight
in teS5rauSnia_Lieht Sn°W tonlght and tomorrow: not much change
A disturbance of considerable Intensity
»nd wide extent i« centered near Nen
««« £*• ™ss„ with lowest pressure about
993.2 millibars (29.33 Inches), apparently
moving northeastward or north-northeast
ward. Pressure continues low over the
Ohio Valley and the Middle Atlantic and
South Atlantic States. Elkins. W. Va., 999
millibars (29.50 inches). Pressure is high
from the Great Plains westward. Pembina,
N Dak.. 1.032.2 millibars <30.48 inches),
and Havre. Mont., 1,034.9 millibars <30.56
inches). During the last 24 hours there
has been rather general precipitation over
the Central Valleys, the low Lake region
and the Middle Atlantic and North At
lantic States. The amounts have been
light to moderate, except over Northeast
ern sections, with some heavy snows in
portions of New England and New York
States. Temperature changes have been
slight.
wesort far Last 24 Honrs.
... Tempers turn. Barometer.
Testerday— Degrees. Inches.
4 P.m. - 42 29.54
8 P.m. - 39 29.55
Todav—*h* - 38 29'54
4 a.m.--- 37 29.52
8 -— 38 29.54
Noon - 39 29.52
Beeerd far Last 24 Hoars.
(From noon yesterday to noon today.)
72H1*h*»t. 45. noon yesterday. Tear ago,
tsswest. 88. 8 a.m. today. Tear ago. 69.
Bacord Tempsralares This Tsar.
Highest. 84. on February IS.
lowest. 7. on January 29.
Tlds Tables.
(Furnished by United States Coast and
Oeodetlc Surrey.)
sri.h Today. Tomorrow.
High-— 5:10 a.m. 8:06 a.m.
low -11:52 a m. 12:36 a.m.
High-. 5:38 p.m. 6:31 p.m.
low —.- - 12:51 P.m.
The San and Moon.
_ . 'Rises. Sets.
Sun. today _6:55 • 5:49
Sun. tomorrow_ 6:54 5:60
Moon, today-8:00 p.m. 4:25 a.m.
Automobile lights must be turned on one
self hour sfter sunset.
precipitation.
Monthly precipitation In lnche* In the
Capital icurrent month to date):
i
&
Humidity far Lust 24 Ha arm.
yesterday to noon today)
da?1**1'**' 88 per centl “ * »m. yester
Isowest. 77 per oent. at noon today.
, Elver Report,
at w?™?.*n«L8h(n,n<,0*h Rivera muddy
QreaPpaUs today17' Pot8““e «•«*•?
Weather in Various Citlea.
Stations. Bar. HTgh^Low.^fau" Weather
Abilene—. 30.30 41 30 Clear
Albany 20 50 33 •?” i no ni„\
A‘!»nta-. 29.08 45 30 0.02 cloudy
Atlan. City 20.47 40 30 0.22 Rain
gfltimore. 20.53 43 36 0.33 Cloudy
Birm (ham 20.77 40 35 o 07 rinnSi
Bismarck? 30.45 38 17 0 03 Snow
Boston- 20.50 30 32 1 74 (Reet
Buffalo_ 20.74 34 31 0 70 at
Charleston 20.05 50 45 fSSw
Chlcauo_ 20 01 34 33 n no 2fl,,V4_
Cincinnati. 20.02 42 33 0 13 Snow7
Cleveland. 20.08 30 32 0 06 giiow
Columbia. 20.02 52 42 Oni Cloudy
Dayenport. 30.03 34 31 0.00 ClSSdy
gs^oTn-e. 88:28 8* l°n 8:8? ggf
past.- bis s; Is — &
Huron_ 30.30 20 10 tfoa
IndUianolis 20.71 38 33 885 Slow
Jacks vllle 20.80 67 45 8 CTnnd,
tstas sS:S» 8 5? «* S'
»ae- is» « s «« Ss,
rss™ && s it - S
New York. 20.47 30 33 f j)2 Slow*
Norfolk-.. 20.53 03 41 0 25 cT/Sot*
OWa. City 30.24 35 32 CT?udJ
Omaha_ 30.24 32 or oh# n„„UJr
Phlla. ...I 20.53 40 30 0 34 il??
Phoenix __ 30.15 67 33 0-34
Pittsburgh. 20.56 38 32 0 12 cteud*
Pland. Me. 20 71 30 an nil
Pl’nd Org. 30:42 53 3fl 0 84 2?,°*
^ Is 8 S « S’
8. Antonio 30.37 70 38 I clear
Diego 30.00 70 44 ..I &oudy
BeatU.'1**0 2212 22 5i --- Cloudy
atookanill 30:42 41 28 HI aUully
WAy.jirc. jgj3 45 36 tf.10 gSSf
■ P0U1GN STATIONS.
(Moon. Oreenwleh time, todey.)
_ . _ Temoertture. Weether
Horte (Peyel). Aeoree _ SO Cloudy
(Current obrerretione.)
gen Juen. Puerto Rico 76 cimdy
CotonJ'ceSel4;ZanolllI 80 t

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