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Cuts Reduce Tax Revenue U. S. Would Lose If G. W. Hill Drew Only $100,000 By DAVID LAWRENCE. Many people here who have been worrying about how to balance the Federal budget have had some new worries given them by the man who wants to.. limit executive salaries and in centive p a y - xnents in large corporations. Thus a holder of a few shares of the stock of American To bacco Co. has proposed that the salary of George W. Hill, p r e s i dent, be limited to $100, 000, but il any thing like that D»»W Lawrence happens. Washington will be con siderably disturbed because, as mat ters stand now. Uncle Sam gets $277,000 out of Mr. Hill's earnings of $420,000 a year. If the $320,000 above the $100,000 limitation were distributed among the stockholders, these stockholders would each get between 5 and 6 cents apiece more per share of stock held, but Uncle Sam would get hardly anything in taxes. The Treasury would lose enor mous sums if any such thing would happen to executive salaries or in centive compensations generally. The public does not realize the ex tent to which the graduated income tax system now in effect depends on men of extraordinary capacity to earn big annual sums. Publicity Avoids Net Figure. The publicity that is often given to large salaries fails to tell how much of it is net to the executive. Thus, in the case of Mr. Hill, he pays the Federal Government $277, 000, but he probably pays additional sums in State income taxes, too. But the principle back of the question raised in connection with the case of the American Tobacco Co.'s executives is even more inter esting from another tax angle. Mr. Hill, for instance, says that unless the stockholders pay him what he thinks is the value of his services to the company, he will not continue. In that respect he is like any other Individual who values his services in terms of what he can do to help the gross income of a corporation ' grow. Mr. Hill's compensation has been based on his ability to bring the gross income of the company up higher and higher each year. Under \ the present incentive plan, Mr. Hill I gets 10 per cent of net profits of the company when they rise above $15,000,000. Now it so happens that i when the net income of the com- ; pany goes up, the Federal income taxes of the corporation also rise, but something else far more im portant than Mr. Hill's individual taxes or the income taxes of the company is involved. The latest statement shows that the sales for 1939 amounted to about $262,000,000 This means a huge volume of sales on which, for every package of cigarettes, the Federal Government collects a high percentage. 9 Cents Tax on Package. Thus the tobacco tax today is one of the most productive of all the internal revenue collections. Uncle Sam and the other taxing authorities get 9 cents out of every 15-cent package of cigarettes. So on the ordinary sales taxes alone, the Federal and State and city governments nowadays have a 60 per cent interest in cigarette sales. Anybody, therefore, who increases the total sales is helping the Treas ury collect more revenue. It is not generally realized the extent to which cigarettes are taxed today. Thus in New York, 1 cent goes to the city, 2 cents to the State and 6 cents to the Federal j Government. Out of the remaining l 6 cents must come all the monev paid to the tobacco farmer, the manufacturer, the wholesaler and retailer, as well as all distribution and selling costs and whatever profits are earned by any of the different intermediate factors in volved in the whole operation. Increase Tax Revenue. What is true of the tobacco busi ness is true of other businesses. Men of capacity and genius like Mr. Hill, who have made salesmanship a life Work, have gradually earned more and more income for the stock holders, but also have gradually in creased Uncle Sam's total collections as sales have been increased. The man who is trying to cut down the incentives for the executives may think he is doing the stock holders a service, but the income tax experts hereabouts say it will mean less and less money for the Treasury under any such plan. As a matter of fact, the Treasury is for bigger and better bonuses and bigger and bigger salaries for executives because when the tax collector comes around he takes sometimes as high as 80 per cent. And strangely enough, that is one of the very reasons for unemployment today. Few men who are earning large sums feel they can take risks in investing in business because, if they lose, the Govern ment doesn’t pay them a nickel, but if they win, the Government takes nearly all the winnings. Hence, risk capital, so essential to small busi nesses. especially, and the creation of new jobs, is diminishing con stantly. (Reproduction Rights Reserved.) Rev. J. F. Wenchel To Continue Series The Rev. J. Frederic Wenchel, pastor of Christ Lutheran Church, will continue his series of sermons on the Lord's prayer. Tomorrow he will speak on the “Most Difficult Petition to Carry Out.” There will be a celebration of holy communion •t 10:20. The Walther League Society will meet at 6 p.m. for supper, followed by a business meeting. At 8 p.m., J. Philip Wenchel will give an in formal talk on “Taxation.” On Thursday evening the subject will be “When We Are Tempted Sore.” On Wednesday there will be an all-day meeting of the mission cir cle. Washington’s 66 pedestrian fatali ties during 1939 helped contribute to the approximately 12,200 pedestrians who were killed in motor vehicle accidents throughout the country last year. 1. The Capital Parade Kennedy Gloomy, Bullitt Optimistic Over European War Situation By Joseph alsop and Robert kintner. Just before he sailed back to London Ambassador Joseph P. Kennedy managed a flash of his old self. Annoyed by Italian press attacks on American diplomats as "enriched greengrocers” he Informed his friends that his shipboard statement would be, “At least we didn't have to marry the boss’ daughter to get our jobs.” Fortunately for the feelings of Mussolini’s son-in-law and foreign minister, Count Ciano, Kennedy repressed his inclination to verbal nose thumbing when sailing time came. Indeed, he may have lost the inclina tion completely in the interval, for the once-mercurial Ambassador returned to Europe in the same mood of black despair in which he reached this country. The contrast in this respect between Kennedy and Ambassador to France William C. Bullitt, is both interesting and important. Kennedy’s gloom is partly caused by ill-health, but chiefly by his conviction that no matter who wins the war, chaos impends in Europe. Bullitt, on the other hand, came home to report exuding optimism. He has told the President and many others that the allied morale is admirable; that eventual victory of the EngUsh and French is already virtually assured, and that the only serious problem ahead is the possible exhaustion, before the war ends, of French and English assets available for pur chasing war supplies abroad. Kennedy, meanwhile, besides his general pessimism, also remains extremely dubious of the ability of the English to protect the shipping convoys bringing vital goods and raw materials from German air attacks. In addition the President has lately received detailed reports from Ger many expressing a view precisely opposite to Bullitt’s, while the reports from the Balkans are understood to substantiate Bullitt’s opinion., All of which only goes to show in how uncertain an atmosphere the Presi dent and his fellow-makers of American foreign policy are forced to reach their vastly important decisions. Whitney Case Again There’s likely to be another flareup of the Richard Whitney case, growing out of the resignation of .the Sears, Roebuck chairman, Gen. Robert E. Wood, from the position as a public representative on the Board of Governors of the New York Stock Exchange. Wood’s resignation was tendered without comment, but he has privately told many business friends that it was caused by a conviction that the exchange was doing too little to prevent recurrence of such incidents as the Whitney failure. Wood's stand constitutes a change in attitude, since he sided with the exchange when President Robert Maynard Hutchins of Chicago Uni versity resigned from the Board of Governors because investigation of the Whitney case was not pursued further. Wood’s explanation of his change is that he had not realized that the Whitney firm took accounts from private individuals such as Mrs. Mary Stevens Baird, who is now suing the exchange for a large sum she lost in the Whitney failure. Exchange officials argue that Wood's stand is unreasonable, since he read the record, including mention of Mrs. Baird's loss, at the time of the Hutchins row. They also say that Wood does not give credit enough to the various steps taken, such as the more detailed independent audits of brokers’ books and the rules against brokers’ trading, to safe guard customers of brokerage houses. Wood is said to feel, however, that the exchange ought to go along with the S. E. C. plans for a protectory brokerage bank. With Wood's sup port to stimulate tnem, s. E. c. members are talking of renewing pressure on the exchange to put its plans through. Literary Output Thomas E. Dewey's Wyoming statement, that the cost of mailing the Federal Government's ' propaganda" was greater than the cost of the Wyoming State government, has stirred the Post Office Department to a mild frenzy of statistics-collecting. By an amendment inserted in the Post Office appropriation bill last year, Senator Joseph C. O'Mahoney of Wyoming, the very State Dewey spoke in. forbade franking of Govern ment hand-outs and other literature except when requested by the recipient. The O'Mahoney amendment reduced the 1939 Government literary output from an estimated potential total of 970,000,000 pieces of mail to an estimated total of 682,000,000. A saving of $8,000,000 was thus effected. Nevertheless, the Government still seems to be rather free and copious in its correspondence with the citizenry. (Released bv the North American Newspaper Alliance. Inc ) Col. Ryan, 93 Today, Finds Current Wars 'Queer' District's Oldest Union Veteran Keeps Working Washington's oldest Union vet eran marked his 93d birthday an niversary today in an apartment full of progeny, and from knowledge gained through participation in one war, building guns for two more and listening to House debate on the present European imbroglio, philosophized: "This is certainly a very screwy war.” Col. John T. Ryan's feet "have a bad ache” and for six weeks he hasn’t been around to the House galleries, where he has been door keeper to the executive gallery for 14 years. His hearing isn't as good as when he was showing apprentice seamen how to handle guns in the Navy Yard, where he retired after 30 years in 1920. But he still keeps up with the news at his apartment, 119 Eighth street S.E. “The Civil War was an a"wful war,” he said. “But we thought we knew what we were fighting about. Nowadays they don’t seem to know what they’re doing.” Last known survivor of the battle of Monocacy and one of four of the last remaining Union veterans in the District, Col. Ryan has out lasted several other veterans who guarded gallery doors. And today he made known his decision he wouldn’t “quit at the Capitol until they put me away in a box.” His relatives, who arrived for the birth day party, including 6 children, 10 grandchildren and 4 great-grand children, appeared to have guessed his decision. Mrs. Ryan, tiny and spry—“I don’t want to tell my age,” she said. Mr. Ryan, a “colonel” by virtue of his offices in the Grand Army of the Republic, was barely 18 years old when he ran away from his home in Baltimore to join the army. His family were Southern sympa thizers. Two other brothers, Bill and Joe. decided to fight for the South, and it was John, a soldier in Company I, 11th Maryland Regi ment, who saved Bill from long imprisonment. Bill was captured by the North ern armies and his mother went direct to President Lincoln with a plea for mercy. “The boy under Grant will save your son under Lee," President Lincoln told her and Bill was released. Col. Ryan served through the bat tles of South Mountain, Frederick and numerous skirmishes in ad dition to Monocacy. He came through without a scratch. “Yes, sir. It seems like only yesterday that my old outfit, under Gen. Lew Wallace, staved off Gen. Jubal Early and his- gallant Southerners from their attack on the city of Wash ington,” he remarked. After Appomattox, Mr. Ryan spent a year with the 6th Cavalry and, forgiven by his family, came -to Washington. He was an ironworker, but his knowledge of guns got him the job of training seamen at the Navy Yard for 20 years. A Mason for 72 years, Mr. Ryan is now vice commander of the Kit Carson Post, Grand Army of the Republic. i COL. JOHN T. RYAN. —Star Staff Photo. Church of the Brethren At 9 and 11 a.m. Dr. Warren D. Bowman will preach on “The Cost of a Revival.” The junior choir will sing at the first service and the senior choir at the second. At 8 pm. his subject will be "What Would Jesus Do?” Both the B. Y. P. D.s will meet at 6:50. Samuel Fredericks will lead a discussion in the intermedi ate group on “Who Is My Neigh bor?” Dr. E. F. Sappington wiH address the Senior B. Y. P. D. on “The Sacredness of Human Life.” A meeting of the Senior B. Y. P. D. will be held at the parsonage Tues day evening. On Thursday eve ning the Woman’s Council will meet at the parsonage. Mrs. J. Ward Eicher will lead a panel on "Bet ter Citizenship.” [is no time to fool nvithaCOLD! In March your body resis tance is often low. So if you have a cold you neea a treatment that does two tilings: (1) relieves the cold; (2) builds body resistance. Father John’s Medicine does both. That's why it is the choice of millions. Rich in j Vitamins A and D. / CTHB opinions of the writers on this page are their own, not * necessarily The Star's. Such opinions are presented in The Star’s effort to give all sides of questions of interest to tts readers, although such opinions may be contradictory among themselves and directly opposed to The Star’s. The Political Mill 'Stop' Campaigns Get Under Way Before Parties' National Conventions By G. GOULD LINCOLN, i For a score of years—and'more— pre-nomination campaigns of the major political parties have fallen almost invariably into one pattern. For the party_ in power, these p r e -convention campaigns have often been sim plified. Its pres idential nomi nation has gone to the man in the White House ■>—if he has served merely one term. But for the party out of power — and for the party whose titular head was com- G GoB,d tincoin. pleting a second term in the White House—these pre-convention cam paigns have turned into "stop" movements, designed to halt the progress of the party’s candidate who early appeared to be out in front of the field. The “stop” movement in 1936 was directed against the then Gov. All M. Landon of Kansas, seeking the Republican nomination. In 1932 it was the then Gov. Franklin D. Roosevelt of New York who was the object of a desperate “stop” move ment headed by Alfred E. Smith of New York. In 1928 the "stoppers” sought to halt the onward march of Herbert Hoover in the Republican party. The Democrats that year caved in and generally agreed to take A1 Smith, although even at the Houston convention desperate ef forts were made to get together a coalition against Smith. “Stop” Movements Begin. Early as it is in the present pre convention campaign, the "stop” movement signs are being hoisted. On the Democratic side, although the party leaders are at a loss to know whether President Roosevelt will seek a third term or not, there is a group intent upon preventing a third-term nomination. And in some quarters it is suspected that the President, by his silcence, is himself engaged in a movement to "stop” some of the possible Democratic nominees he does not approve—for example. Vice President Garner, Postmaster General Farley and Fed eral Security Administrator Mc Nutt. Because Thomas E. Dewey. New York district attorney, known to the American people as the "racket buster.” has taken the lead in popu lar polls, he has so far been regarded by friends of other candidates as the man who must be “stopped.” It is too early yet really to gauge the strength of Dewey, Senator Taft of Ohio, or Senator Vandenberg of Michigan—the three outstanding competitors for the presidential nomination. Indeed, there are those who insist that a majority of the delegates to the Republican National Convention will go to Philadelphia June 24 with an open mind, ready to pick the can didate for President who will best fit the conditions that the country confronts at that time. By condi tions they mean the state of affairs both in Europe and in this country. Dewey Marked for Stopping. But such a happy state of affairs —for the selection of a Republican nominee for President—may never develop. Within the next two months, a dozen States will have held their presidential preferential primaries for the selection of dele gates to the national convention. State conventions will have named slates of delegates—and some of them will be “pledged” to this or that candidate. And one candidate may have emerged as the leader— the man who must be "stopped,” If the others are to have a chance. While Mr. Dewey has been, up to the present time, the Repub lican candidate marked for "stop ping,” a very different picture may be presented if on April 2 Senator Vandenberg makes a clean sweep of the Wisconsin primary, in which 'he is pitted against Dewey; or should there be many State conven tion instructions for Senator Taft. The last has not gone into any of the primaries—except that in Ohio, which is all his. However, the stop Dewey move ment has been rather obvious. Who wants to “stop” the New Yorker? In the first place, there are the people who sincerely believe that Dewey is too young and inexpe rienced. Generally speaking, how ever, this group is not organized. Second, there are the friends of the other candidates—not only Taft and Vandenberg, but those who would like to see Gov. Bricker of Ohio, Representative Martin of Mas sachusetts, the House party leader; Gov. James of Pennsylvania, Sena tor McNary of Oregon and Senator Bridges of New Hampshire emerge a winner, and those Republicans who believe that former President Her bert Hoover is the man of the hour. In addition to these groups, how ever, there are opposed to the Dewey nomination certain “big business” men—men who have been influential in the Republican party in the past and who still retain an influence, notwithstanding efforts to gloss this over. They do not want Dewey be cause they not only think he is not experienced, but also they are afraid that he will not be amenable, to rea son once he is in the White House. Candidates Travel Widely. And beyond and below these groups who are anxious to halt Mr. Dewey’s progress are the politicians close to the underworld, the racke teers and others who do not like to have some of their activities limited by law. X reforming, hard-hitting district attorney is never a favorite of these gentlemen. Some of the Republican candi dates have already traveled far and wide in order to let the American voters have a glimpse of them and know their views on public questions. Senator Taft was on the wing last summer, and so was Senator Bridges. Mr. Dewey did not get underway until winter was at hand. Senator Vandenberg has done no barn storm ing. Except for a single speech, de livered in St. Paul last month, he has kept off the stump. His dozen years in Washington as Senator, however, have made him widely known—and he was not under the necessity of getting about so much as the others. A great deal of preliminary work has been done for these candidates— and some of it has already material ized in promised delegates. Sup porters of Senator Taft, for example, insist that he will have at least 300 delegate votes on the first ballot for the presidential nomination when the convention is under way. They claim that he will have the practi cally solid delegations of Ohio, In diana, West Virginia and Kentucky, that he will have the support also of nearly all the delegates from the Southern States and that some of the delegates from the West and the North also will tie up with him. Even in the New York delegation, which presumably will be Dewey’s except for seven to a dozen dele gates who may be pledged to Prank Gannett, claims of Taft strength are made. Democratic hopes of "stopping” President Roosevelt if he becomes a candidate for a third term are practically nil. He can be "stopped" only by himself. The officeholders are doing their best to keep him from standing in his own way. Nevertheless, with Vice President Gamer as a rallying post, the anti third-term Democrats are doing what they can. Probably more is being done than is visible to the naked eye. for many Democrats who do not wish a third-term nomination are also afraid to take an open stand against it. Still come reports that Postmaster General James A. Parley will in the end refuse to join the third-term brigade if and when the President becomes a candidate. Up to the present reading, however, the President has pretty effectually "stopped” all other Democratic candidates. Schooner Piles Up on Reef; Owner Is Missing By the Associated Press. NEW ORLEANS. March 2.—Ed ward T. Maxey, Evansville. Ind., ad venturer who set out on a world cruise, was missing today and his 36-foot schooner was wrecked on a reef off Perdido Pass, about 20 miles west of Pensacola. Fla. The Coast Guard station at Santa Rosa, Fla., reported that Maxey, who had visions of encircling the globe in his flimsy craft, was washed overboard by a giant wave in the Gulf of Mexico Tuesday. His companion, R. W. Muetze of Chicago who joined Maxey in New Orleans, sailed the damaged craft to the reef and summoned aid. He said all attempts to rescue Maxey failed. Maxey with his wife and two young daughters took a three month sail from their home down the Mississippi River last fall and arrived here on Christmas day aboard their schooner, the Atlantis. Two weeks ago he and Muetze l^ft Maxey's family in Baton Rouge, La., and set forth on their cruise with Key West, Fla., the first scheduled stop. The Atlantis was without auxiliary motor but carried a small outboard motor for emergencies. Maxey formerly was a musician in a local orchestra at Evansville. Takoma Park Baptist “At Ease in Zion” will be the sub ject of the Rev. William E. La Rue tomorrow morning. At the evening service the monthly songfest will be held, with special numbers by the senior choir and young people’s chorus. The Ladies’ Aid Society will meet Wednesday, serving luncheon at 1 p.m. Mrs. Homer H. Haire, presi dent. The Margaret A. Pearce Bible Class of Women will hold its annual dinner Thursday at ,6:30 p.m. Elec tion of officers will take place, and a program is being prepared. Mrs. L. C. Carey, president. Evangelistic meetings, conducted by the Rev. Perry L. Mitchell, will be held nightly during the week of March 10-17. This Changing World Welles' Reception in Berlin Hints ' Resumption of Diplomatic Relations By CONSTANTINS) BROWN. Sumner Welles has had a warmer reception than he anticipated In Berlin. They were all honey and milk to him. No mention was made* of the few slight incidents which had occurred in the last two years between the diplomats of both countries, but the "strong ties which bind the two countries” apparently were profusely emphasized. Hitler is so kindly disposed toward the special envoy of the President of the United 8tates that he is said to have spared him a lecture out of “Mein Kampf.” As far as it is known in diplomatic quarters, the first tangible result of Mr. Welles1 visit and cordial reception by the high priests of Nazi-ism TUiiflu*. •CPC41C 1 iOUNDJ ' OocO'^ '-A will be the sending of ambassadors from Berlin and Washington. Diplomatic relations between the two countries have not been broken off. The withdrawal of the ambassadors was a gesture camou flaged under the official statement that they have to come home tempo rarely to “report.” This “reporting” was supposed to conceal the ill will of the governments for each ether. ^ ^ President Roosevelt came out first from under the tent. His sending of Mr. Welles to Berlin was tanta mount to telling the Germans “I am not sulking any longer.” The cordial reception afforded Mr. Welles was Hitler’s answer: “If you are not sulking, neither am I.” Thus it is believed the ground was laid for the resumption of real diplomatic relations. Resumption Would Be Welcomed Such a move would be welcomed everywhere as long as the United States has not taken sides in this war. Ambassadors have lost a good deal of their Importance these days. .Their chigf role seems to be confined to being highly paid and intelligent reporters. But all thfe same, reporters must have good contacts, besides intelligence, in order to do a good job. Under the present circumstances, the German charge d'affaires in Washington and the United States charge d’affaires in Berlin can do little if any reporting job. They feel that they are in a precarious position since their respective governments have withdrawn the number one man. The result is that both charges have but little contacts; don’t go to the State Department or the Wilhelmstrasse unless they have to on a par ticularly necessary mission and keep to themselves as much as possible. An ambassador, when he does not see the Secretary or the Under secretary of State, goes about, sees other ofacials and people outside the government. When relations are strained and the first sign of such a strain is the fact that the ambassadors are recalled unofficially, their substitutes feel diffident; they feel unwelcome and suspected regardless of how much personality they have or how likable they may be. The various officials they used to see in the past shut up like clams when they show up because the tops have sent out the warning: “We don’t like each other any longer.” And the result is a lack of compre hensive information about each nation and a lot of misinformation. Dieckhoff May Be Returned It is believed that for these reasons, the United States Government might decide to appoint a new Ambassador to Berlin. The previous Am bassador, Hugh Wilson, has resigned and the post is vacant. Specula tion is rife as to who the next man will be and the name of the former Ambassador to Moscow and Brussels—the likable Joe Davies—is freely mentioned these days in “I am telling you” quarters in Washington. Dr. Hans Dieckhoff is still nominally the Reich's Ambassador at j Washington. He is doing at present a lot of chores for the foreign office, j but he has such a comprehensive knowledge of America — some say too comprehensive—and such an agreeable personality that diplo mats in Washington would be sur prised if he were not sent back to | his old post—if and when Ambassa dors take over their respective Em bassies in Washington and in Berlin. Mflrf menO/ * Peace around the corner is JL?; much discussed in responsible diplo- ■ ^ matic quarters. As a support to this theory that some sort of a peace may be the result of Mr. Welles’ tour, it is pointed out that British and German air detachments have been flying over Berlin and Paris on what may be termed good-will missions. German planes have hovered over Paris for a long time without dropping bombs—not even propaganda pamphlets—and without being interfered with by the French pursuit squadrons. British planes flew over Berlin without the Germans firing a shot at them despite the many bags of propaganda they have dropped in the suburbs of the German capital. 12 Colorado Miners Held In Gold Ore Theft Plot By the Associated Press. TELLURIDE, Colo., March 2.—A ! story that miners carried chunks of rich gold ore from two mines in this Southwestern Colorado district and disposed of them through a saloon equipped with a basement concen tration mill is under investigation in Colorado’s newest “high-grading” case. Sheriff Guy Warrick of San Miguel County said the story was ! related by a county jail prisoner and resulted in the arrest of 12 men. He estimated the thefts might involve $50,000 to $100,000 worth of ore. District Attorney William P. Hay wood of Grand Junction charged the 12 yesterday with conspiracy to commit larceny and accepting stolen goods. Twenty-seven miners, Sheriff Warrick said, have signed affidavits admitting carrying gold ore, under their coats or in lunch boxes, from the Smuggler Union Mine and near by Tom Boy Mine, both under lease to the Veta Mines, Inc., of Denver. Daily Speakers Listed For Penn Theater Noonday services are held at the Penn Theater, sponsored by the Southeast Interchurch Council, each weekday except Saturday from noon to 12:30. There is special music. The Rev. B. I. Barnes, minister of North Carolina Avenue Methodist Church, will direct the services next week and present the following guest speakers: Monday, Dr. George H. Bennett: Tuesday, Dr. William S. Abemethy; Wednesday, Dr. G. Ellis Williams: Thursday, Dr. Ed ward Latch, and Friday, Dr. Leslie L. Bowers. CALL NATIONAL 5000, ASK FOR THE STAR CIRCULATION DEPT. Presto! Home Delivery of The Star begins instantly • •. and saves money! Washingtonians can enjoy the convenience of Borne Deliver? service—and save money, simply by making a telephone call. Call Na tional 8000. give your name and. address and the service you desire. Consult the rates and servloes to the right. MONTHLY BATES CITY AND SUBURBS Egtctiva January l, 1940 The Evening and Sunday Star.75c per month The Evening Star 45c per month Night Final and 8unday Star.85c per month Night Final Star 60c per month Headline Folk And What They Do Kathleen Burke Hale, 'Angel of France,' Gets Return Billing Greyhound Bus Drivers Vote Against Unions By the Associated Press. WIN8TON-SALEM, N. C., March 2.—Bus drivers throughout the At lantic Greyhound System voted against designation of any union as bargaining agent in th£ election con ducted by the National Labor Rela tions Board during the last two weeks, Oscar Grossman, regional at torney for the board, said here last , night. The issues to be settled were whether the bus drivers wished to be represented by the Brotherhood of Railway Trainmen, the Interstate Motor Transportation Employes Union, or neither; whether mainte nance employes desired to be repre- ■ sen ted by the International Asso ciation of Machinists, the Interstate Motor Transportation Employes j Union, or neither; and whether all other employes of the company de- j sired to be represented by the Inter state Motor Transportation Union or no union at all. No decision was reached in the latter two phases of the election due to the fact that a number of ballots were impounded because of protests from participating unions. r: By LEMUEL P. PARTON. The World War “angel of France” Is summoned back for a return en gagment. Sailing with Miss Anne Morgan today will be the former Miss Kathleen Burke, now Mrs. Girard Van B. Hale, again to en gage in humanitarian work which won for her decorations from vir tually all the allied powers in the earlier conflict. The only woman at the Battle of Verdun, she was within 7 yards of the German trenches. She lay alone for five days in a second-line trench under a curtain of German fire. She saw war at its worst, close-in on all fronts, and, now at the age of 53, she leaves her eagle ranch at Atascadero, in Southern Cali fornia, to see what she must see and do what she must do. Miss Burke is British, bom and reared in London, the daughter of the continental manager of the Lon don and Northwestern Railway. She was in New York when the World War began, sailed August 1, 1914, and was on duty as a nurse at the Scottish hospital in France on Au gust 20. She divided her time be tween the trenches and money-rais ing expeditions to New York, Paris and London. Miss Morgan credits her with having gathered more than $4,000,000 for trie allied cause. She was the first woman ever allowed to address the New York Stock Ex change, and raised $890,000 for the American Red Cross in a single speech. She was the first woman sent to the front by the British and the first woman to become a commander of the British Empire. Among her many honors and decorations she prizes certificates of membership in the Boilermakers’ Union and the Sheet Metal Workers of America, bestowed in appreciation of her war work. In California she has been made a “freeman” of San Francisco and several other cities. She has been thrice married, her first two husbands having died. Census Director Tight-Lipped. William L. Austin, director of the census, was bom on “hurricane farm" in Mississippi. He is an easy going citizen, in the Census Bureau 40 years, and hasn't yet headed for a cyclone cellar as the extraordi narily priying 1940 census heads into a low barometer. He has been ex tremely tight-lipped about census data, w-hich might reassure the alarmed Senator Tobey. In 1936 he reminded some per sistent reporters, curious about cer tain census records, that the law did not allow the release of census in formation. “even to the Justice De partment.” Outside of working hours, he is normally gregarious and talkative, a member of several clubs and lodges. He was educated at Harperville College and the Univer sity of Mississippi and entered the Census Bureau as a clerk in 1900. President Roosevelt made him di rector April 4. 1933. (Released by Consolidated New* Feature*.) Church of the Pilgrims At the 11 a.m. service tomorrow Dr. Andrew Reid Bird will preach on “What Prayer Can Do for Any One” and at 7:45 p.m. on "Every body's Problem.” On Thursday at 7:45 p.m. Dr. Bird will deliver an address on “Some Essentials for New Testament Fishermen." The Young People's Society will have its vesper service tomorrow at 6:15 p.m. All young persons are in vited. The Fellowship Group will meet at 6:15 p.m. and the Christian Pioneers at 6:30 p.m. SfflfW"' ■Jr; New Life put in Old Plants. J NA. 8680 KENNER’S DRUG STORE—17th and Q Sts. N.W. Is an Authorized Star Branch Office /9* RE you in a quandary where to supply some >■1 want? It can be easily done if that is the case by putting a Classified Adver tisement in The Star—Evening or Sunday. Go ing into the homes in Washington and vicinity, The Star will take your message where it will receive the greatest attention. In making use of The Star you are not experimenting, because To facilitate your use of The Star Classified Sec tion, authorized Star Branch Offices are con veniently located throughout the city. There's one in your neighborhood. Leave copy for your Classified a d v ertisements with them. Only regular rates are charged for authorized Star Branch Office service—no fees.