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Weather Forecast f“———
Pair tonight and tomorrow; slightly - . ... . . . _ colder, lowest about 26 tonight; warmer \ established 111 1852 tomorrow and Sunday. Temperatures ' * today—Highest, 37, at 2 pjn.; lowest, 30, Most people In Washington have The at 6 a.m. Star delivered to their homes every Prom the United States Weather Bureau report. j _, pun details on Pate a-2. evening and Sunday morning. --- I Closing New York Markets, Poge 22. _ WITH SUNDAY MORNING EDITION 88th YEAR. No. 35,017.__WASHINGTON, D. C., FRIDAY, MARCH 15, 1940—SIXTY-FOUR PAGES. ' *** THREE CENTS Finns Begin Withdrawing to New Frontier Reds Mark Time on 226-Mile Front; Civilians Flee * SCANDINAVIA GIVEN aid promise two months ago, says London paper; Chamberlain expected Co reveal assurance of help if Finn aid spread war. Page A-16 NORWAY’S PARLIAMENTJhead ar rives in Stockholm: first definite step toward alliance seen in visit. Page A-4 BRITAIN BATTLING German-Rus sian-Italian bloc; three new meas ures utilized to thwart attacks on trade. Page A-4 By the Associated Press. HELSINKI, March 15.—The Fin nish Army slogged through the snows today in funereal retreat, be ginning its withdrawal from the fronts it so stubbornly defended in three and one-half months of war, but which now are ceded to Soviet Russia. Ahead of the soldiers there hur ried 100,000 dispossessed civilians. They traveled by automobile, wagon and train or on foot, herding their livestock before them and carrying bundles that were the salvage of personal property. These 100,000 bring to about 460, 000 the number who must find new homes. A half million persons al ready are refugees, but 140.000 of them are from battered territories which Finland retains and to which they will be able to return. Reds Marking Time. While the Red Army held its po sitions, marking time until Finnish troops have fallen back the required 7 kilometers (about 4u miles) in one day, the Finnish withdrawal' started at 10 a.m. along a zigzag 226-mile front in the southeast, ex tending from the Virolahti archi pelago on the Gulf of Finland to the Russian frontier northeast of Lake Ladoga. These daily marches, on a sched ule provided in connection with Tuesday’s peace treaty, will continue until the newly narrowed Finnish frontiers are crossed. The entire Karelian Isthmus and the area northeast of Lake Ladoga must be cleared by Marcti 26. With drawal from other ceded areas north of Lieksa and in Eastern Finland Will begin at 10 a.m. tomorrow. The garrison from Taipale, eastern end of the Mannerheim Line, will have the longest march—about 100 kilometers (62 miles). Viipnri to Be Turned Over. The hollow shell of Viipuri, once the metropolis of the Karelian Isth mus, will be one of the first places to be occupied by the Russians, for they already are in its outskirts and may move up tonight as soon as the Finns have put 7 kilometers between them. (The Russian command had reported Viipuri was occupied five hours before hostilities ended at 11 am March 13.) Juho Koivisto, assistant minister of agriculture in charge of moving the homeless civilians, said they were not required to leave the ceded territories, but that practically all of them w'ere leaving. About 2,000 persons are remaining, however, at Hanko, leased to Russia for a naval base. The Karelian Isthmus, turned over to the army during the war, already was almost eTnpty of civilians. Most of those now on the move are from north of Lake Ladoga. Government Paying Cost. The Finnish government is pay ing all costs of moving and reset tlement and will try to keep together friends and neighbors in new homes, . Koivisto said. Nevertheless, “very grave social problems” are involved, he pointed out, for the shock of moving families from ancestral homes is a serious one. Some of the farming population Will be placed in Western Finland near Vaasa Karelian Isthmus fish ermen will be given homes on the Gulf of Bothnia, so they can con tinue their vocations. All available trucks, automobiles and railway cars are being used to hasten the removals. The gov ernment refused to let newspaper men visit the frontiers for the pres ent. pleading the need of every ve hicle. Viipuri Mass Meetings Held by Red Soldiers MOSCOW, March 15 (Af).—Mass meetings of Russian soldiers to “hah the Red Army’s exploits and the peace policy of the Soviet Union” were held on street corners of ruined, burning Viipuri immedi ately after its occupation, Russian correspondents reported today. “Viipuri was unforgettable during the hours of the occupation,” wrote the correspondent of Red Star, the army organ, who marched with the columns which seized the city as fighting ended Wednesday. “Side by side are raging flames and tall buildings still untouched by fire emerging from the cream-col ored smoke. ' “Our troops enter the city, pre ceded by sappers clearing the way. The Red Army columns pass the charred ruins of houses in the sub urbs with the Red banner already floating above them. Gradually Red, flags, waving in the wind, are raised on more and more housetops. “Our troops, growing in numbers, gather in mass meetings on the street corners.” Russians Withdrawing In Petsamo Area LONDON, March, 15 (JF).—British dispatches from Stockholm last night said the 12,000 Russian troops In the Far North Petsamo area'had begun their withdrawal from Fin nish territory. Finnish troops and foreign vol unteers stationed in that sector were holding their positions. Teacher Shot At By Boy Because Sister Flunked By the Associated Press. NEW YORK, March 15.—A 13 year-old schoolboy today faced charges of firing a gun at a Brook lyn public school teacher, Miss Marie Schretzlmeir, because “she didn't promote my sister.” As police described it, the boy, Vito Gambino, climbed to the roof of his home and took aim *at the teacher, who was seated in the second floor bedroom of the house where she lives, across the street. A bullet from a revolver shattered a window and lodged in the- wall, after narrowly missing the teacher’s mother. Vito, shaking and sobbing, told police his sister, Marie, wasn’t pro moted last January’, but stayed be hind in Miss Schretzlmeir’s 5-B class. Vito is in Class 6-B. He was sent to the observation ward at Bellevue Hospital. Senate Is Asked To Advocate Ending Relations With Russia Direct Cash Loan to Finns, With No Strings Tied to It, Also Urged Senator Clark, Democrat, of Idaho today demanded that this country sever diplomatic relations with Russia, following the Soviet gov ernment’s victory over Finland. At the same time Senator Brown, Democrat, of Michigan offered a bill to let the Export-Import Bank make its proposed financial aid to Finland in the form of a direct cash loan without restrictions. Under past policy, the bank’s funds have been available only to pur- ; chase supplies in this country. "Now that Finland is at peace,” Senator Brown said, "I see no reason why we should not permit the bank to make a cash loan, without any strings, that the Finns can use in rebuilding their bombed cities. I am not so much interested in the question of permitting them to pur chase military supplies here, but I see no reason why they should not do so if they wish to build up their defenses against possible future ag gression.” Senate Resolution Asked. Senator Clark offered a resolution asking the Senate to go on record as urging the President to recall the American Ambassador to Russia. The Idaho Senator charged that the Soviot Union has "flagrantly and al most admittedly” violated the prom ise on which recognition was based in 1933 not to itnerfere in the in ternal affairs of the United States. Declaring that Finland was forced into a tragic peace that destroys any remnant of international honor in Europe, he added: riniana cnose peace rather than commit suicide like Poland.” He said he was glad the Fin nish government acted to spare the lives of thousands of its people “rather than go forward as a bloody pawn on the chessboard of Eur ope.” He said Finland despaired of waiting for aid that never came Senator Clark said he realized he was proposing a serious step but predicted it would be for the ulti mate good of the entire world. $10,000,000 Asked. Earlier, Chairman Pitman of the Senate Foreign Relations Commit tee said he was considering asking Congress to vote $10,000,000 for Fin nish relief. The money would be spent through the Red Cross not only for amelioration of suffering but for reconstruction work. He said the proposal might be linked with a bill by Senator Ma loney, Democrat, of Connecticut, to make $10,000,000 available for the relief of sufferers in Poland. Sen ator Pittman predicted that the (SetTFINLAND, Page A-1U Allies Halt U. S. Warplane Purchasing Negotiations By the Associated Press. NEW YORK, March 15.—Negoti ations by the French and British for the purchase of additional thousands of American warplanes suddenly were suspended today. The move was believed to be con nected with the forthcoming con gressional inquiry into the sale of airplanes to European belligerents. Hatch Bill foes Lose Last Effort By 52-31. Vote Recommittal Beaten; Passage of Bill May Come Today By J. A. O’LEARY. The opposition lost its final effort to stave off passage of the new Hatch bill, when the Senate this afternoon beat a motion to send it back to committee, 52 to 31. The recommittal, which Senator Hatch, Democrat, of New Mexico charged would mean the death of the measure, wag proposed by Sen ator Lucas, Democrat, of Illinois. Its failure to carry encouraged leaders to expect passage of the bill this aft ernoon. ending a hard-fought two week battle that split Democratic ranks. senator rycungs, Democrat, oi Maryland, a supporter of the bill, sought to bring about a compromise recommital, by offering a substitute under which the committee would be required to rewrite the bill and re port it back on March 25 and the Senate resume its consideration either the next day or as soon there after as possible. Withdraws Plan, However. Finding himself confronted by points of order and the opposition of Senator George, chairman of the committee in charge of the bill, Sen ator Tydings withdrew His proposal and announced he would oppose the Lucas flat recommital. Before withdrawing Senator Tyd ings predicted that if the bill passes the Senate in its present form it will never become law unless Con gress plans to stay In session until near the end of the year. The Mary lander did not say what features he thought would block it, but other Senators have indicated privately the $5,000 limit on political campaign contributions adopted yesterday. While indorsing the objective of the bill Senator Tydings argued it should be rewritten to define the activities forbidden, and then apply the ban to high officials as well as subordinate employes. By fixing a definite time to resume work on the bill he endeavored to avoid having it sidetracked for the session. Motion Out of Order. Senator McNary of Oregon, Re publican leader, made the point of order that fixing a definite day re quired a two-thirds vote and made the Tydings motion out of order as a substitute for a motion that re quires only a majority. When the chair upheld this point. Senator Tydings limited his motion to requiring the committee to re port March 25, with no fixed fime for renewing debate. When Chair man George took the floor against this Senator Tydings withdrew his proposal entirely. Today s roll call was regarded as foreshadowing Senate passage, since nearly all the two weeks of debate has revolved around the restriction on political activity. All that re mains to be acted on is the section aimed at coercion by State officials, and a provision giving the Civil Service Commission general author ity to make rules defining political activity. Thomas Objection Met. When Senator Thomas, Democrat, of Oklahoma attacked the delega tion of rule-making power to the commission as unconstitutional, Sen ator Hatch, Democrat, of New Mex ico offered a substitute to overcome that objection. Senator Thomas contended Congress may delegate its authority only within stated limits, and the Hatch substitute seeks to lay down such limits. The effort to restrict the power of the Civil Service Commission was accompanied by a move by Senator Brown, Democrat, of Michigan, to write into the bill a more specific definition of “political activity.” His amendment would write into the bill and the original act, rules already laid down by the commis sion guaranteeing employes’ right to free expression of opinion and to make voluntary campaign contribu tions. He also proposed to leave employes free to take part in purely local political groups not identified with national parties. Estimates $3,000,000 Outlawed. Senator Bankhead, .Democrat, of Alabama, sponsor of the $5,000 con tribution limit proposal, estimated it would outlaw about $3,000,000 of contributions in each presidential (See HATCH, Page A-4.) ' Summary of Today's Star Page. Amusements, . B-10-11 Comics_C-6-7 Editorials _.A-12 Finance ...A-21 Lost, Found, D-4 Page. Obituary ...A-I4 Radio .......C-6 Society _B-3 Sports_D-l-3 Woman’s Page.C-5 Foreign Finnish Army begins withdrawal from front. Page A-l Britain battles German-Russian Italian economic bloc. Page A-4 Norwegian Parliament head arrives in Stockholm. Page A-4 Scandinavians given aid promise, says British paper. Page A-18 National Senate votes State employes’ po litical ban, 47-30. Page A-l Roosevelt defends census, criticizes Senator’s opposition. Page A-l Bank of America’s dispute settled by compromise. Page A-S Nye hits war trade In New York address. Page A-19 Company promotes “labor college” as peace move. Page B-8 Large gain in light airplane produc tion reported. Page B-15 Washington and Vicinity Pine named to D. C. court; Curran new U. S. attorney. Page A-l Policemen Brodie and Murray found guilty by Trial Board. Page A-l Alexandria Police Cdurt records called “deplorable.” Page A-S Randolph backs sales-tax plan; op position forming. Page A-l New attacks on Hatch bill due in Senate today. Page A-l Taxpayers rush to meet midnight in come tax deadline. Page A-2 Long-distance phone rate reductions due by May 1. Page A-5 Former Marlboro bank aid sentenced for embezzlement. Page A-16 Two-million-dollar District budget slash indicated. Page B-l Protest on Park Savings Bank plan being considered. Page B-l Justice Miller assails “restrictive laws’ on transients. Page C-8 5,067 cases investigated by probation officers in 1939. Page D-8 Editorial and Comment This and That. PageA-12 Answers to Questions. Page A-12 Letters to The Star. PggeA-12 David Lawrence. Page A-13 Alsop and Kintner. Page A-13 Frederic William Wile. Page A-13 Contsantine Brown. ' Page A-13 Charles G. Ross. Page A-13 Miscellany Service Orders. PageB-12 Of Hearts and Song. Page C-4 Bedtime Story. Page C-6 Letter-Out. Page C-6 Winning Contract. Page C-6 Uncle Ray’s Comer. Page C-7 Cross-Word Puzzle. Page C-7 Vital Statistics. Page B-1S City News in Brief. Page D-8j Nature’s Children. Page B-2 ♦ W (IF YOU WANT TMATN ^ f l You'll have To PaY) ( V FOR IT! V I KS?Vt,<toMOOill Policemen Brodie and Murray Found Guilty of Bribery Convicted by Trial Board of Shielding Gambler; Ouster Recommended A special trial board today found Policeman Hubert L. (Steve) Brodie and Leo (Nix) Murray guilty of charges of bribery and recommended their dismissal from the force. The three-man civilian board, headed by Chairman Jo V. Morgan, returned its verdict at the District Building after an hour’s delibera tion this morning. The board's findings and recommendations were sent to Police Supt. Ernest W. Brown. Trial Board proceedings were in stituted against the two officers after Senator Byrnes, Democrat, of South Carolina held up the con firmation of the reappointment of Commissioner Hazen because, he said, he wanted an answer as to why the Commissioner had failed to reply to his letters concerning the demotion of Brodie. The two officers, both former de tective sergeants, were demoted and assigned to precincts as uniformed policemen last November. As a re sult of Senator Byrnes' interest in the Brodie case, a hearing before the trial board was ordered for both officers. Maj. Brown declined to comment on the board's verdict until he has received a full report of the findings. The officers were found guilty of accepting a bribe for protection of an alleged gambling establishment in the 900 block of G street N.W from Carl T. Updyke, an admitted gambler, who some time ago pleaded guilty in District Court to viola tions of the gambling law The officers were found not guilty, however, of a charge of willful failure to report to the super intendent gaming law violations of which they allegedly had knowledge. (See POLICEMEN.’ Page A-5.) Seven Die, Eight Hurt In Apartment Fire At Charlotte Two Killed in Leaps From Structure; Loss $100,000 By the Associated Press. CHARLOTTE, N. C., March 15.— , Seven persons, including four women and a child, were killed and eight others injured, several critically, in an early morning fire which spread rapidly through a section of the 86 unit Guthery Apartments here to day. The dead: Mrs. Hazelle E. Martin, Charlotte, manager of a gift shop. Miss Rowena Sharpe Dickinson, 26. of Wilson. Mrs. H. Russell Eley, 32, department store employe and a native of Nor folk, Va.. H. Russell Eley, clerk with the Standard Oil Co., and husband of Mrs. Eley. Miss Lucy Walton, 43, Charlotte, a private nurse. Tommy Charity, 15, Charlotte, son of Mrs. Winfred Charity, a hair dresser. Edward Martin, 21, Charlotte, business college student and son of Mrs. Hazelle Martin. Two of the dead were injure^ fatally in jumps from the blazing building. Girl Seriously Injured. The most seriously injured was Miss Mabel Rockett, 19, whoi was not identified for several hours. The other injured persons, taken to three different hospitals, were identified by attaches as follows: Miss Aubrey Charity, an employe of an engraving company. Mrs. Ruby Fleming, secretary of the local branch of Sears-Roebuck & Co. Miss Margaret L. Parnell, a book keeper. Miss Lyda Pittman, a stenogra pher. w. P. Pittman, a fireman. Adolph Consolana, 23 ■ Trapped on Upper Floors. Firemen, who reached the scene shortly before 2 o’clock, found the block-long, three-story brick and stone structure a blazing inferno, with many persons, clad in their night clothes, trapped on the upper two floors. v Screams rent the chill, damp morn ing air as the upper-story residents, choked by clouds of smoker leaped to the cement alleyways on the sides of buildings, Ambulances sped the dying and injured to hospitals as 100 firemen fought the conflagration. The fire apparently started in the basement. Fire Chief Hendrick Pal mer said, however, he was at a loss to explain how the blaze spread so quickly. When the first alarm came in, the entire half of the big build ing was in flames. Firemen rescued a number of trapped persons with ladders. Many of the occupants of the building said they were first awakened- by screams and the wail of countless si rens, to find their rooms filled with smoke and flames. The Outhery, situated on Tryon street, one of the city’s twp princi pal thoroughfares, is only about a! block from the business section. President Criticizes Senator for Advising Census LawViolations Income Questions Are Defended as Vital for Getting Jobs Data By JOHN C. HENRY. Speaking critically of the example : of a United States Senator advising 1 the American people to violate a law , of the land. President Roosevelt to- j day defended the income questions of the forthcoming decennial popula tion census as essential for the com pilation of vital Information on low income workers of the country. The President's views, handed to the press by his secretary, Stephen T. Early, after the Chief Executive’s physician ordered him to cancel all engagements in treating a cold, fol low a modification of the census plans announced last night by Secre tary of Commerce Hopkins. By Mr. Hopkins’ action, persons questioned are now to have the op tion of inclosing unsigned answers to the income questions in sealed envelopes to he handed the census enumerators. With the count to start April 12, Senate Majority Leader Barkley in dicated today that the relaxations promulgated by Secretary Hopkitjs add further weight to the disin clination of the Senate to act on the resolution sponsored by Senator Tobey, Republican, of New Hamp shire, expressing Senate disapproval of the income questions. Information Is VitaL In his defense of the present cen sus form, President Roosevelt said the controverted questions had been requested and indorsed by a wide range of organizations and business interests. Actually, he said, they will develop the comparable basic statistics on low-income groups that are now available for the higher brackets from Federal income tax returns. This information, he continued, is vital as a guide to mass buying power and as a measure of full un employment. In elaborating on the latter point, the President’s statement declared that millions of part-time and piece workers have only one common de nominator for their degree of em ployment—namely, the amount of wages received intermittently. Tobey Rapped by Implication. Although Senator Tobey’s name was not used by Mr. Early, the sec retary said the President had-re marked on the fact that, for the first time in his knowledge, a United States Senator was openly advising American people to violate the law. (Senator Tobey has advised against answering the income questions.) As for the Senator’s own intention to ignore the income questions, the President pointed out that the legis lator is fplly aware that in his own case no answer is necessary. An enumerator would |pnow, the Presi dent continued, that the Senator earns more than <5,000 a year, and a mere notation of this fact would cover the census requirements. Mr. Early said he knew of no other modifications contemplated beyond those disclosed last night by Secretary Hopkins. Randolph Indorses D. C. Sales Tax Plan; Battle Lines Drawn Bates and Dirksen Map Fight Against Proposed Levy As lines were drawn for a battle in the House District Committee over a new District revenue pro gram, Chairman Randolph today re iterated his belief that a sales tax appeared to be a “most logical” source of revenue, in view of the District's difficulties in applying an income levy. Mr. Randolph made tentative plans today for his committee to give consideration Monday to the program approved yesterday by a majority of the Fiscal Affairs Sub committee, which calls for a 2 per cent sales levy combined with a graduated income tax, which would be applied only to earned incomes in excess of $10,000, with an ex emption of $500 for unearned in comes. Representatives Bates of Massa chusetts and Dirksen of Illinois, Re publican members of the Fiscal Af fairs Subcommittee, prepared to fight against adoption of any Dis trict sales tax. No Price Exemption Level. In this connection opponents of a sales tax made special note that the plan approved by the Nichols sub committee does not provide for any price exemption level for the sales tax. whereas proposals of las year call for exemption of articles selling for either 25 cents, in one plan, or 13 cents, in another. Because of a misunderstanding, the proposed tax bill was not intro duced yesterday, and, since the House was not in session today and will not be tomorrow, further action was postponed until next week. The subcommittee was scheduled to have met this morning in executive ses sion to report the bill formally to the full House District Committee. This meeting was canceled, however, for this reason. Mr. Nichols today was attending a meeting of the National Rivers and Harbors Congress at the May flower Hotel. Chairman Randolph said the Dis trict committee would consider the new District tax plan at 10:30 a.m. Monday unless some member ob jected and insisted on waiting until the bill had been introduced. “Because of the acuteness of the tax problem of the District,” Mr. Randolph said, “I do not anticipate' any objection, but if there is we can meet Tuesday or some later day. Called Most Logical program. “I am not opposed to the income tax per se," he continued. “In fact, I regard it as a splendid revenue form, but I always ’have been an advocate df the sales tax for the District because of its peculiar con ditions ai$9 the difficulties of ap plying theiusual form of an income tax here. Perhaps for these reasons a combination of a sales tax with an income levy on the higher brackets would, therefore, be the most logical program for the District.” Mr. Randolph, however, said he would not want to commit himself Anally on the l^ichols plan until he (See D. C. TAXES, Page A-ll.) Pine Is Nominated For Bench, Curran As U. S. Attorney Names of Appointees 4 Sent to Senate For Approval By J. RUSSELL YOUNG. President Roosevelt today appoint ed David A. Pine, now United States attorney for the District, to be as sociate justice of District Court. At the same time, the President appointed Judge Edward M. Curran of Police Court to succeed Mr. Pine as United States attorney. These two nominations were sent to the Senate for confirmation. Mr. Pine will fill the vacancy caused some months ago by the death of Associate Justice Joseph M. Cox. His selection came as no great surprise, as he had the indorsement of the Bar Association, as well as many individual attorneys and oth ers prominent in the District. The selection of Judge Curran as District attorney, however, did come as a surprise. It was known to only a few that he was being considered. Follows Many Conferences. After Justice Cox’s death, more than a score of names were pre sented for consideration in the selec tion of a successor. It was not until late yesterday that it was learned that the final decision in the matter of a selection was being reached. Attorney General Jackson has con ferred with the President several times in the last 10 days and it is understood that it was upon the Attorney General’s recommenda tion that the President nominated Mr. Pine. Among individuals who had per sonally urged Mr. Pine’s appoint ment was Chairman King of the Senate District Committee, who was insistent that the President appoint a local man to this District Court. Pine Expresses Thanks. Asked by newspapermen to com ment on his designation as a new justice of District Court, Mr. Pine said: “I am deeply grateful to the President and the Attorney General for the nomination.” Mr. Pine's office was the center of much activity, shortly after noon, after word of his nomination became widely known throughout the Court j House. During the morning, Mr. Pine was before the grand jury, presenting a case involving David D. Mayne, ac cused of selling letters designed to show a link between William Dudley Pelley, Silver Shirt leader, and Chairman Dies of the House Un American Committee. After a recess, when Mr. Pine was returning to the grand jury room, the jurors stood and applauded News of his selection had been an nounced by Deputy United States Marshal James B. McCarthy. Mr. Pine was appointed United States Attorney here early in 1938, succeeding Leslie C. Garnett. He had been assistant United States Attorney for four previous years.1 Bom in Washington September 22. 1891, Mr. Pine attended Central High School, a local business col lege and Georgetown University j Law School, from which he was graduated in 1913. After serving as confidential clerx ' to Supreme Court Justice Me- | Reynolds, then Attorney General.! Mr. Pine became a law clerk and later an assistant attorney in the1 Depaitment of Justice. Entering the World War in 1917 as a first lieu tenant, he was promoted to a cap taincy before being mustered out in 1919. Aided toolidfe Dam Case. Again associated with the Depart ment of Justice, Mr. Pine worked with Mr. Garnett in what was known as the public lands division. One of the cases he helped pre pare involved settlement of water rights between Indians and whites en the Gila River, thus clearing the way for construction of the Coolidge Dam. Mr. Pine left the Government service in 1921 to practice law with his wartime commander, Col. James S. Easby-Smith, and in 1925 joined the firm of Easby-Smith, Pine & Hill, the latter member being Fran cis W. Hill, former assistant corpor ation counsel. The firm was dis solved four years later, and Mr" Pine became associated with A. F. Myers, former chairman of the Fed eral Trade Commission, and Judge John W. Price, formerly of Bristol, Va. He was sworn in as first as sistant to Mr. Garnett, then United States attorney, on February 1,1934. Mr. Pine handled many important Government cases, including private power company attacks on the Fed eral power development program. Mr. Pine married Miss Elizabeth (See APPOINTMffNTSTPage a-7.) 15,000 Finns Fell to Save Civilization, Says Tanner Bi the Associated Press. HELSINKI, March 15 (via radio). —Vaino Tanner, Finnish foreign minister, declared today that the more than 15,000 Finns who fell in the war with Russia died "in the de fense of western civilization.” “And their sacrifice was not for Finland alone,” he declared. Tanner, in an N. B. C. broadcast to the United States thanking Americans'for their help, said: * “The war has destroyed property worth hundreds of millions of dol lars, and although we lose much by the peace terms, we lose more in human values. “Neither the material help we re ceived nor the sympathy was suffi cient to save us from superior power. “Only a few thousand brave men had time to join our ranks, and al though others were ready to come to our aid we could not wait for them but were compelled to come to terms.” He described the destruction caused by all- raids, the difficul ties of caring for the homeless and the wounded. "For them we must find a liveli hood and a place of shelter. You know how hard it is to leave a place you love. • * • The only conso lation they feel is that they still belong to the race for which they fought.” Still, he continued, Finland will continue to fight to build up a na tion, “as we embark on construc tion.” “Citizens of the United States, we thank you for your help and wish your great country continued suc cess.” v Field Marshal Baron Carl Gustaf Mannerhelm has estimated officially that about 15,000 Finns died in the conflict and that the Russian dead probably totaled 200,000. DAVID A. PINE, Named to District Court, EDWARD M. CURRAN, Named District Attorney. Rope Beating Kills Boy, 2, Left Behind by Parents By the Associated Press. STOCKTON, Calif., March 15.—A beating with a rope and the shock of other mistreatment killed 2-year old Henry Insunza, authorities re ported today. The child’s body was discovered yesterday in the bathroom of the home of Juan Suarez, 48. Stockton relief worker, with whom Henry and his 1-year-old brother, Manuel, and 4-year-old sister, Angela, had been left two months ago. Donald Boscoe, assistant district attorney, said Suarez, charged with murder, told him he had had "a little trouble” with the children and had whipped them with rope. Dr. Charles E. Nixon, who per formed an autopsy, attributed Henry's death to shock from mis treatment and a beating. Suarez and his wife, Antonia, 45, told authorities they had kept the children at their home since Janu ary 4. when their mother left them saying she would be back “in a day or two.” Mrs. Suarez was held on a charge of investigation of murder. Authorities said the parents of the children were Mr. and Mrs. Robert Insunza of Fresno. Bioff Ordered Remanded; Way Open for Appeal By the Associated Press. CHICAGO. March 15.—The Crim inal Court ruled today that William Bioff must complete service of an 18-year-old sentence of six month! for pandering but left open the doo$ for a further legal fight for free dom. Chief Justice John Prystalski dis missed the West Coast movie labor leader's petition for a writ of ha beas corpus and ordered him re manded to the House of Correc tion. Then he delayed entering of the order to March 25 and continued Bioff's $5,000 bond, affording De fense Counsel time to proceed to the State Supreme Court. Under the habeas corpus action in the Criminal Court Bioff sought to escape going to jail to finish the sentence of which he served only a few days nearly two decades ago. The issue in the 6ase, Judge Pry 6talski declared, is “Has the State a right after 17 years to enforce this judgment.” He was referring to the Illinois Court of Appeals' verdict of February 19, 1923. upholding the conviction. He said he had con sidered the evidence carefully and found he had no jurisdiction to re lease Bioff. Bus Terminal Site Bought by C. T. C. E. D. Merrill, president of the Cap ital Transit Co., announced today that the company had purchased a* vacant lot just south of Chevy Chase Circle on Connecticut ave nue and planned to build a bus wait ing station on the property similar to stations now maintained at Wis consin avenue and the District line and at Fourteenth street and Colo rado avenue N.W. The terminal will extend along the north side of Northampton street from Con necticut avenue to Belt road. The cqst of the project, includ ing land, probably will be about $65,« 000. Bull Kills Retiring Rancher PARKER, Colo., March 15 (JP).— Harlowe Clarke, 50-year-old rancher, preparing to auction his- cattle and retire, was butted to death by a heavy Holstein bull, sire a# his costly blooded herd.