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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, March 15, 1940, Image 1

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Weather Forecast f“———
Pair tonight and tomorrow; slightly - . ... . . . _
colder, lowest about 26 tonight; warmer \ established 111 1852
tomorrow and Sunday. Temperatures '
* today—Highest, 37, at 2 pjn.; lowest, 30, Most people In Washington have The
at 6 a.m. Star delivered to their homes every
Prom the United States Weather Bureau report. j _,
pun details on Pate a-2. evening and Sunday morning.
--- I
Closing New York Markets, Poge 22. _ WITH SUNDAY MORNING EDITION
88th YEAR. No. 35,017.__WASHINGTON, D. C., FRIDAY, MARCH 15, 1940—SIXTY-FOUR PAGES. ' *** THREE CENTS
Finns Begin
Withdrawing to
New Frontier
Reds Mark Time on
226-Mile Front;
Civilians Flee
*
SCANDINAVIA GIVEN aid promise
two months ago, says London
paper; Chamberlain expected Co
reveal assurance of help if Finn
aid spread war. Page A-16
NORWAY’S PARLIAMENTJhead ar
rives in Stockholm: first definite
step toward alliance seen in visit.
Page A-4
BRITAIN BATTLING German-Rus
sian-Italian bloc; three new meas
ures utilized to thwart attacks on
trade. Page A-4
By the Associated Press.
HELSINKI, March 15.—The Fin
nish Army slogged through the
snows today in funereal retreat, be
ginning its withdrawal from the
fronts it so stubbornly defended in
three and one-half months of war,
but which now are ceded to Soviet
Russia.
Ahead of the soldiers there hur
ried 100,000 dispossessed civilians.
They traveled by automobile, wagon
and train or on foot, herding their
livestock before them and carrying
bundles that were the salvage of
personal property.
These 100,000 bring to about 460,
000 the number who must find new
homes. A half million persons al
ready are refugees, but 140.000 of
them are from battered territories
which Finland retains and to which
they will be able to return.
Reds Marking Time.
While the Red Army held its po
sitions, marking time until Finnish
troops have fallen back the required
7 kilometers (about 4u miles) in
one day, the Finnish withdrawal'
started at 10 a.m. along a zigzag
226-mile front in the southeast, ex
tending from the Virolahti archi
pelago on the Gulf of Finland to
the Russian frontier northeast of
Lake Ladoga.
These daily marches, on a sched
ule provided in connection with
Tuesday’s peace treaty, will continue
until the newly narrowed Finnish
frontiers are crossed.
The entire Karelian Isthmus and
the area northeast of Lake Ladoga
must be cleared by Marcti 26. With
drawal from other ceded areas north
of Lieksa and in Eastern Finland
Will begin at 10 a.m. tomorrow.
The garrison from Taipale, eastern
end of the Mannerheim Line, will
have the longest march—about 100
kilometers (62 miles).
Viipnri to Be Turned Over.
The hollow shell of Viipuri, once
the metropolis of the Karelian Isth
mus, will be one of the first places to
be occupied by the Russians, for
they already are in its outskirts and
may move up tonight as soon as the
Finns have put 7 kilometers between
them.
(The Russian command had
reported Viipuri was occupied
five hours before hostilities ended
at 11 am March 13.)
Juho Koivisto, assistant minister
of agriculture in charge of moving
the homeless civilians, said they
were not required to leave the ceded
territories, but that practically all
of them w'ere leaving. About 2,000
persons are remaining, however, at
Hanko, leased to Russia for a naval
base.
The Karelian Isthmus, turned over
to the army during the war, already
was almost eTnpty of civilians. Most
of those now on the move are from
north of Lake Ladoga.
Government Paying Cost.
The Finnish government is pay
ing all costs of moving and reset
tlement and will try to keep together
friends and neighbors in new homes,
. Koivisto said.
Nevertheless, “very grave social
problems” are involved, he pointed
out, for the shock of moving families
from ancestral homes is a serious
one.
Some of the farming population
Will be placed in Western Finland
near Vaasa Karelian Isthmus fish
ermen will be given homes on the
Gulf of Bothnia, so they can con
tinue their vocations.
All available trucks, automobiles
and railway cars are being used
to hasten the removals. The gov
ernment refused to let newspaper
men visit the frontiers for the pres
ent. pleading the need of every ve
hicle.
Viipuri Mass Meetings
Held by Red Soldiers
MOSCOW, March 15 (Af).—Mass
meetings of Russian soldiers to “hah
the Red Army’s exploits and the
peace policy of the Soviet Union”
were held on street corners of
ruined, burning Viipuri immedi
ately after its occupation, Russian
correspondents reported today.
“Viipuri was unforgettable during
the hours of the occupation,” wrote
the correspondent of Red Star, the
army organ, who marched with the
columns which seized the city as
fighting ended Wednesday.
“Side by side are raging flames
and tall buildings still untouched by
fire emerging from the cream-col
ored smoke. '
“Our troops enter the city, pre
ceded by sappers clearing the way.
The Red Army columns pass the
charred ruins of houses in the sub
urbs with the Red banner already
floating above them. Gradually Red,
flags, waving in the wind, are raised
on more and more housetops.
“Our troops, growing in numbers,
gather in mass meetings on the
street corners.”
Russians Withdrawing
In Petsamo Area
LONDON, March, 15 (JF).—British
dispatches from Stockholm last
night said the 12,000 Russian troops
In the Far North Petsamo area'had
begun their withdrawal from Fin
nish territory.
Finnish troops and foreign vol
unteers stationed in that sector
were holding their positions.
Teacher Shot At
By Boy Because
Sister Flunked
By the Associated Press.
NEW YORK, March 15.—A 13
year-old schoolboy today faced
charges of firing a gun at a Brook
lyn public school teacher, Miss
Marie Schretzlmeir, because “she
didn't promote my sister.”
As police described it, the boy,
Vito Gambino, climbed to the roof
of his home and took aim *at the
teacher, who was seated in the
second floor bedroom of the house
where she lives, across the street.
A bullet from a revolver shattered
a window and lodged in the- wall,
after narrowly missing the teacher’s
mother.
Vito, shaking and sobbing, told
police his sister, Marie, wasn’t pro
moted last January’, but stayed be
hind in Miss Schretzlmeir’s 5-B
class. Vito is in Class 6-B.
He was sent to the observation
ward at Bellevue Hospital.
Senate Is Asked
To Advocate Ending
Relations With Russia
Direct Cash Loan to
Finns, With No Strings
Tied to It, Also Urged
Senator Clark, Democrat, of Idaho
today demanded that this country
sever diplomatic relations with
Russia, following the Soviet gov
ernment’s victory over Finland.
At the same time Senator Brown,
Democrat, of Michigan offered a
bill to let the Export-Import Bank
make its proposed financial aid to
Finland in the form of a direct
cash loan without restrictions.
Under past policy, the bank’s funds
have been available only to pur- ;
chase supplies in this country.
"Now that Finland is at peace,”
Senator Brown said, "I see no reason
why we should not permit the bank
to make a cash loan, without any
strings, that the Finns can use in
rebuilding their bombed cities. I
am not so much interested in the
question of permitting them to pur
chase military supplies here, but I
see no reason why they should not
do so if they wish to build up their
defenses against possible future ag
gression.”
Senate Resolution Asked.
Senator Clark offered a resolution
asking the Senate to go on record
as urging the President to recall the
American Ambassador to Russia.
The Idaho Senator charged that the
Soviot Union has "flagrantly and al
most admittedly” violated the prom
ise on which recognition was based
in 1933 not to itnerfere in the in
ternal affairs of the United States.
Declaring that Finland was forced
into a tragic peace that destroys any
remnant of international honor in
Europe, he added:
riniana cnose peace rather than
commit suicide like Poland.”
He said he was glad the Fin
nish government acted to spare the
lives of thousands of its people
“rather than go forward as a bloody
pawn on the chessboard of Eur
ope.” He said Finland despaired of
waiting for aid that never came
Senator Clark said he realized he
was proposing a serious step but
predicted it would be for the ulti
mate good of the entire world.
$10,000,000 Asked.
Earlier, Chairman Pitman of the
Senate Foreign Relations Commit
tee said he was considering asking
Congress to vote $10,000,000 for Fin
nish relief. The money would be
spent through the Red Cross not
only for amelioration of suffering
but for reconstruction work.
He said the proposal might be
linked with a bill by Senator Ma
loney, Democrat, of Connecticut, to
make $10,000,000 available for the
relief of sufferers in Poland. Sen
ator Pittman predicted that the
(SetTFINLAND, Page A-1U
Allies Halt U. S. Warplane
Purchasing Negotiations
By the Associated Press.
NEW YORK, March 15.—Negoti
ations by the French and British
for the purchase of additional
thousands of American warplanes
suddenly were suspended today.
The move was believed to be con
nected with the forthcoming con
gressional inquiry into the sale of
airplanes to European belligerents.
Hatch Bill foes
Lose Last Effort
By 52-31. Vote
Recommittal Beaten;
Passage of Bill
May Come Today
By J. A. O’LEARY.
The opposition lost its final effort
to stave off passage of the new
Hatch bill, when the Senate this
afternoon beat a motion to send it
back to committee, 52 to 31.
The recommittal, which Senator
Hatch, Democrat, of New Mexico
charged would mean the death of
the measure, wag proposed by Sen
ator Lucas, Democrat, of Illinois. Its
failure to carry encouraged leaders
to expect passage of the bill this aft
ernoon. ending a hard-fought two
week battle that split Democratic
ranks.
senator rycungs, Democrat, oi
Maryland, a supporter of the bill,
sought to bring about a compromise
recommital, by offering a substitute
under which the committee would be
required to rewrite the bill and re
port it back on March 25 and the
Senate resume its consideration
either the next day or as soon there
after as possible.
Withdraws Plan, However.
Finding himself confronted by
points of order and the opposition
of Senator George, chairman of the
committee in charge of the bill, Sen
ator Tydings withdrew His proposal
and announced he would oppose the
Lucas flat recommital.
Before withdrawing Senator Tyd
ings predicted that if the bill passes
the Senate in its present form it
will never become law unless Con
gress plans to stay In session until
near the end of the year. The Mary
lander did not say what features he
thought would block it, but other
Senators have indicated privately
the $5,000 limit on political campaign
contributions adopted yesterday.
While indorsing the objective of
the bill Senator Tydings argued it
should be rewritten to define the
activities forbidden, and then apply
the ban to high officials as well as
subordinate employes. By fixing a
definite time to resume work on the
bill he endeavored to avoid having
it sidetracked for the session.
Motion Out of Order.
Senator McNary of Oregon, Re
publican leader, made the point of
order that fixing a definite day re
quired a two-thirds vote and made
the Tydings motion out of order
as a substitute for a motion that re
quires only a majority.
When the chair upheld this point.
Senator Tydings limited his motion
to requiring the committee to re
port March 25, with no fixed fime
for renewing debate. When Chair
man George took the floor against
this Senator Tydings withdrew his
proposal entirely.
Today s roll call was regarded as
foreshadowing Senate passage, since
nearly all the two weeks of debate
has revolved around the restriction
on political activity. All that re
mains to be acted on is the section
aimed at coercion by State officials,
and a provision giving the Civil
Service Commission general author
ity to make rules defining political
activity.
Thomas Objection Met.
When Senator Thomas, Democrat,
of Oklahoma attacked the delega
tion of rule-making power to the
commission as unconstitutional, Sen
ator Hatch, Democrat, of New Mex
ico offered a substitute to overcome
that objection. Senator Thomas
contended Congress may delegate its
authority only within stated limits,
and the Hatch substitute seeks to
lay down such limits.
The effort to restrict the power
of the Civil Service Commission was
accompanied by a move by Senator
Brown, Democrat, of Michigan, to
write into the bill a more specific
definition of “political activity.”
His amendment would write into
the bill and the original act, rules
already laid down by the commis
sion guaranteeing employes’ right to
free expression of opinion and to
make voluntary campaign contribu
tions. He also proposed to leave
employes free to take part in purely
local political groups not identified
with national parties.
Estimates $3,000,000 Outlawed.
Senator Bankhead, .Democrat, of
Alabama, sponsor of the $5,000 con
tribution limit proposal, estimated
it would outlaw about $3,000,000 of
contributions in each presidential
(See HATCH, Page A-4.)
' Summary of Today's Star
Page.
Amusements, .
B-10-11
Comics_C-6-7
Editorials _.A-12
Finance ...A-21
Lost, Found, D-4
Page.
Obituary ...A-I4
Radio .......C-6
Society _B-3
Sports_D-l-3
Woman’s
Page.C-5
Foreign
Finnish Army begins withdrawal
from front. Page A-l
Britain battles German-Russian
Italian economic bloc. Page A-4
Norwegian Parliament head arrives
in Stockholm. Page A-4
Scandinavians given aid promise,
says British paper. Page A-18
National
Senate votes State employes’ po
litical ban, 47-30. Page A-l
Roosevelt defends census, criticizes
Senator’s opposition. Page A-l
Bank of America’s dispute settled by
compromise. Page A-S
Nye hits war trade In New York
address. Page A-19
Company promotes “labor college” as
peace move. Page B-8
Large gain in light airplane produc
tion reported. Page B-15
Washington and Vicinity
Pine named to D. C. court; Curran
new U. S. attorney. Page A-l
Policemen Brodie and Murray found
guilty by Trial Board. Page A-l
Alexandria Police Cdurt records
called “deplorable.” Page A-S
Randolph backs sales-tax plan; op
position forming. Page A-l
New attacks on Hatch bill due in
Senate today. Page A-l
Taxpayers rush to meet midnight in
come tax deadline. Page A-2
Long-distance phone rate reductions
due by May 1. Page A-5
Former Marlboro bank aid sentenced
for embezzlement. Page A-16
Two-million-dollar District budget
slash indicated. Page B-l
Protest on Park Savings Bank plan
being considered. Page B-l
Justice Miller assails “restrictive
laws’ on transients. Page C-8
5,067 cases investigated by probation
officers in 1939. Page D-8
Editorial and Comment
This and That. PageA-12
Answers to Questions. Page A-12
Letters to The Star. PggeA-12
David Lawrence. Page A-13
Alsop and Kintner. Page A-13
Frederic William Wile. Page A-13
Contsantine Brown. ' Page A-13
Charles G. Ross. Page A-13
Miscellany
Service Orders. PageB-12
Of Hearts and Song. Page C-4
Bedtime Story. Page C-6
Letter-Out. Page C-6
Winning Contract. Page C-6
Uncle Ray’s Comer. Page C-7
Cross-Word Puzzle. Page C-7
Vital Statistics. Page B-1S
City News in Brief. Page D-8j
Nature’s Children. Page B-2

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Policemen Brodie and Murray
Found Guilty of Bribery
Convicted by Trial Board of Shielding
Gambler; Ouster Recommended
A special trial board today found
Policeman Hubert L. (Steve) Brodie
and Leo (Nix) Murray guilty of
charges of bribery and recommended
their dismissal from the force.
The three-man civilian board,
headed by Chairman Jo V. Morgan,
returned its verdict at the District
Building after an hour’s delibera
tion this morning. The board's
findings and recommendations were
sent to Police Supt. Ernest W.
Brown.
Trial Board proceedings were in
stituted against the two officers
after Senator Byrnes, Democrat, of
South Carolina held up the con
firmation of the reappointment of
Commissioner Hazen because, he
said, he wanted an answer as to
why the Commissioner had failed
to reply to his letters concerning
the demotion of Brodie.
The two officers, both former de
tective sergeants, were demoted and
assigned to precincts as uniformed
policemen last November. As a re
sult of Senator Byrnes' interest in
the Brodie case, a hearing before
the trial board was ordered for both
officers.
Maj. Brown declined to comment
on the board's verdict until he has
received a full report of the findings.
The officers were found guilty of
accepting a bribe for protection of
an alleged gambling establishment
in the 900 block of G street N.W
from Carl T. Updyke, an admitted
gambler, who some time ago pleaded
guilty in District Court to viola
tions of the gambling law
The officers were found not guilty,
however, of a charge of willful
failure to report to the super
intendent gaming law violations of
which they allegedly had knowledge.
(See POLICEMEN.’ Page A-5.)
Seven Die, Eight Hurt
In Apartment Fire
At Charlotte
Two Killed in Leaps
From Structure;
Loss $100,000
By the Associated Press.
CHARLOTTE, N. C., March 15.— ,
Seven persons, including four women
and a child, were killed and eight
others injured, several critically, in
an early morning fire which spread
rapidly through a section of the 86
unit Guthery Apartments here to
day.
The dead:
Mrs. Hazelle E. Martin, Charlotte,
manager of a gift shop.
Miss Rowena Sharpe Dickinson,
26. of Wilson.
Mrs. H. Russell Eley, 32, department
store employe and a native of Nor
folk, Va..
H. Russell Eley, clerk with the
Standard Oil Co., and husband of
Mrs. Eley.
Miss Lucy Walton, 43, Charlotte,
a private nurse.
Tommy Charity, 15, Charlotte,
son of Mrs. Winfred Charity, a hair
dresser.
Edward Martin, 21, Charlotte,
business college student and son of
Mrs. Hazelle Martin.
Two of the dead were injure^
fatally in jumps from the blazing
building.
Girl Seriously Injured.
The most seriously injured was
Miss Mabel Rockett, 19, whoi was not
identified for several hours.
The other injured persons, taken
to three different hospitals, were
identified by attaches as follows:
Miss Aubrey Charity, an employe
of an engraving company.
Mrs. Ruby Fleming, secretary of
the local branch of Sears-Roebuck
& Co.
Miss Margaret L. Parnell, a book
keeper.
Miss Lyda Pittman, a stenogra
pher.
w. P. Pittman, a fireman.
Adolph Consolana, 23
■ Trapped on Upper Floors.
Firemen, who reached the scene
shortly before 2 o’clock, found the
block-long, three-story brick and
stone structure a blazing inferno,
with many persons, clad in their
night clothes, trapped on the upper
two floors. v
Screams rent the chill, damp morn
ing air as the upper-story residents,
choked by clouds of smoker leaped
to the cement alleyways on the sides
of buildings, Ambulances sped the
dying and injured to hospitals as
100 firemen fought the conflagration.
The fire apparently started in the
basement. Fire Chief Hendrick Pal
mer said, however, he was at a loss
to explain how the blaze spread so
quickly. When the first alarm came
in, the entire half of the big build
ing was in flames.
Firemen rescued a number of
trapped persons with ladders. Many
of the occupants of the building
said they were first awakened- by
screams and the wail of countless si
rens, to find their rooms filled with
smoke and flames.
The Outhery, situated on Tryon
street, one of the city’s twp princi
pal thoroughfares, is only about a!
block from the business section.
President Criticizes
Senator for Advising
Census LawViolations
Income Questions Are
Defended as Vital for
Getting Jobs Data
By JOHN C. HENRY.
Speaking critically of the example :
of a United States Senator advising 1
the American people to violate a law ,
of the land. President Roosevelt to- j
day defended the income questions
of the forthcoming decennial popula
tion census as essential for the com
pilation of vital Information on low
income workers of the country.
The President's views, handed to
the press by his secretary, Stephen
T. Early, after the Chief Executive’s
physician ordered him to cancel all
engagements in treating a cold, fol
low a modification of the census
plans announced last night by Secre
tary of Commerce Hopkins.
By Mr. Hopkins’ action, persons
questioned are now to have the op
tion of inclosing unsigned answers
to the income questions in sealed
envelopes to he handed the census
enumerators.
With the count to start April 12,
Senate Majority Leader Barkley in
dicated today that the relaxations
promulgated by Secretary Hopkitjs
add further weight to the disin
clination of the Senate to act on
the resolution sponsored by Senator
Tobey, Republican, of New Hamp
shire, expressing Senate disapproval
of the income questions.
Information Is VitaL
In his defense of the present cen
sus form, President Roosevelt said
the controverted questions had been
requested and indorsed by a wide
range of organizations and business
interests. Actually, he said, they
will develop the comparable basic
statistics on low-income groups that
are now available for the higher
brackets from Federal income tax
returns.
This information, he continued,
is vital as a guide to mass buying
power and as a measure of full un
employment.
In elaborating on the latter point,
the President’s statement declared
that millions of part-time and piece
workers have only one common de
nominator for their degree of em
ployment—namely, the amount of
wages received intermittently.
Tobey Rapped by Implication.
Although Senator Tobey’s name
was not used by Mr. Early, the sec
retary said the President had-re
marked on the fact that, for the first
time in his knowledge, a United
States Senator was openly advising
American people to violate the law.
(Senator Tobey has advised against
answering the income questions.)
As for the Senator’s own intention
to ignore the income questions, the
President pointed out that the legis
lator is fplly aware that in his own
case no answer is necessary. An
enumerator would |pnow, the Presi
dent continued, that the Senator
earns more than <5,000 a year, and
a mere notation of this fact would
cover the census requirements.
Mr. Early said he knew of no
other modifications contemplated
beyond those disclosed last night by
Secretary Hopkins.
Randolph Indorses
D. C. Sales Tax Plan;
Battle Lines Drawn
Bates and Dirksen
Map Fight Against
Proposed Levy
As lines were drawn for a battle
in the House District Committee
over a new District revenue pro
gram, Chairman Randolph today re
iterated his belief that a sales tax
appeared to be a “most logical”
source of revenue, in view of the
District's difficulties in applying an
income levy.
Mr. Randolph made tentative
plans today for his committee to
give consideration Monday to the
program approved yesterday by a
majority of the Fiscal Affairs Sub
committee, which calls for a 2 per
cent sales levy combined with a
graduated income tax, which would
be applied only to earned incomes
in excess of $10,000, with an ex
emption of $500 for unearned in
comes.
Representatives Bates of Massa
chusetts and Dirksen of Illinois, Re
publican members of the Fiscal Af
fairs Subcommittee, prepared to
fight against adoption of any Dis
trict sales tax.
No Price Exemption Level.
In this connection opponents of a
sales tax made special note that the
plan approved by the Nichols sub
committee does not provide for any
price exemption level for the sales
tax. whereas proposals of las year
call for exemption of articles selling
for either 25 cents, in one plan, or
13 cents, in another.
Because of a misunderstanding,
the proposed tax bill was not intro
duced yesterday, and, since the
House was not in session today and
will not be tomorrow, further action
was postponed until next week. The
subcommittee was scheduled to have
met this morning in executive ses
sion to report the bill formally to
the full House District Committee.
This meeting was canceled, however,
for this reason.
Mr. Nichols today was attending
a meeting of the National Rivers
and Harbors Congress at the May
flower Hotel.
Chairman Randolph said the Dis
trict committee would consider the
new District tax plan at 10:30 a.m.
Monday unless some member ob
jected and insisted on waiting until
the bill had been introduced.
“Because of the acuteness of the
tax problem of the District,” Mr.
Randolph said, “I do not anticipate'
any objection, but if there is we can
meet Tuesday or some later day.
Called Most Logical program.
“I am not opposed to the income
tax per se," he continued. “In fact,
I regard it as a splendid revenue
form, but I always ’have been an
advocate df the sales tax for the
District because of its peculiar con
ditions ai$9 the difficulties of ap
plying theiusual form of an income
tax here. Perhaps for these reasons
a combination of a sales tax with an
income levy on the higher brackets
would, therefore, be the most logical
program for the District.”
Mr. Randolph, however, said he
would not want to commit himself
Anally on the l^ichols plan until he
(See D. C. TAXES, Page A-ll.)
Pine Is Nominated
For Bench, Curran
As U. S. Attorney
Names of Appointees 4
Sent to Senate
For Approval
By J. RUSSELL YOUNG.
President Roosevelt today appoint
ed David A. Pine, now United States
attorney for the District, to be as
sociate justice of District Court.
At the same time, the President
appointed Judge Edward M. Curran
of Police Court to succeed Mr. Pine
as United States attorney.
These two nominations were sent
to the Senate for confirmation.
Mr. Pine will fill the vacancy
caused some months ago by the
death of Associate Justice Joseph
M. Cox.
His selection came as no great
surprise, as he had the indorsement
of the Bar Association, as well as
many individual attorneys and oth
ers prominent in the District.
The selection of Judge Curran as
District attorney, however, did come
as a surprise. It was known to only
a few that he was being considered.
Follows Many Conferences.
After Justice Cox’s death, more
than a score of names were pre
sented for consideration in the selec
tion of a successor. It was not until
late yesterday that it was learned
that the final decision in the matter
of a selection was being reached.
Attorney General Jackson has con
ferred with the President several
times in the last 10 days and it is
understood that it was upon the
Attorney General’s recommenda
tion that the President nominated
Mr. Pine.
Among individuals who had per
sonally urged Mr. Pine’s appoint
ment was Chairman King of the
Senate District Committee, who
was insistent that the President
appoint a local man to this District
Court.
Pine Expresses Thanks.
Asked by newspapermen to com
ment on his designation as a new
justice of District Court, Mr. Pine
said:
“I am deeply grateful to the
President and the Attorney General
for the nomination.”
Mr. Pine's office was the center
of much activity, shortly after noon,
after word of his nomination became
widely known throughout the Court j
House.
During the morning, Mr. Pine was
before the grand jury, presenting a
case involving David D. Mayne, ac
cused of selling letters designed to
show a link between William Dudley
Pelley, Silver Shirt leader, and
Chairman Dies of the House Un
American Committee.
After a recess, when Mr. Pine was
returning to the grand jury room,
the jurors stood and applauded
News of his selection had been an
nounced by Deputy United States
Marshal James B. McCarthy.
Mr. Pine was appointed United
States Attorney here early in 1938,
succeeding Leslie C. Garnett. He
had been assistant United States
Attorney for four previous years.1
Bom in Washington September 22.
1891, Mr. Pine attended Central
High School, a local business col
lege and Georgetown University j
Law School, from which he was
graduated in 1913.
After serving as confidential clerx '
to Supreme Court Justice Me- |
Reynolds, then Attorney General.!
Mr. Pine became a law clerk and
later an assistant attorney in the1
Depaitment of Justice. Entering the
World War in 1917 as a first lieu
tenant, he was promoted to a cap
taincy before being mustered out in
1919.
Aided toolidfe Dam Case.
Again associated with the Depart
ment of Justice, Mr. Pine worked
with Mr. Garnett in what was
known as the public lands division.
One of the cases he helped pre
pare involved settlement of water
rights between Indians and whites
en the Gila River, thus clearing
the way for construction of the
Coolidge Dam.
Mr. Pine left the Government
service in 1921 to practice law with
his wartime commander, Col. James
S. Easby-Smith, and in 1925 joined
the firm of Easby-Smith, Pine &
Hill, the latter member being Fran
cis W. Hill, former assistant corpor
ation counsel. The firm was dis
solved four years later, and Mr"
Pine became associated with A. F.
Myers, former chairman of the Fed
eral Trade Commission, and Judge
John W. Price, formerly of Bristol,
Va. He was sworn in as first as
sistant to Mr. Garnett, then United
States attorney, on February 1,1934.
Mr. Pine handled many important
Government cases, including private
power company attacks on the Fed
eral power development program.
Mr. Pine married Miss Elizabeth
(See APPOINTMffNTSTPage a-7.)
15,000 Finns Fell to Save
Civilization, Says Tanner
Bi the Associated Press.
HELSINKI, March 15 (via radio).
—Vaino Tanner, Finnish foreign
minister, declared today that the
more than 15,000 Finns who fell in
the war with Russia died "in the de
fense of western civilization.”
“And their sacrifice was not for
Finland alone,” he declared.
Tanner, in an N. B. C. broadcast
to the United States thanking
Americans'for their help, said: *
“The war has destroyed property
worth hundreds of millions of dol
lars, and although we lose much by
the peace terms, we lose more in
human values.
“Neither the material help we re
ceived nor the sympathy was suffi
cient to save us from superior
power.
“Only a few thousand brave men
had time to join our ranks, and al
though others were ready to come
to our aid we could not wait for
them but were compelled to come
to terms.”
He described the destruction
caused by all- raids, the difficul
ties of caring for the homeless and
the wounded.
"For them we must find a liveli
hood and a place of shelter. You
know how hard it is to leave a place
you love. • * • The only conso
lation they feel is that they still
belong to the race for which they
fought.”
Still, he continued, Finland will
continue to fight to build up a na
tion, “as we embark on construc
tion.”
“Citizens of the United States, we
thank you for your help and wish
your great country continued suc
cess.” v
Field Marshal Baron Carl Gustaf
Mannerhelm has estimated officially
that about 15,000 Finns died in the
conflict and that the Russian dead
probably totaled 200,000.
DAVID A. PINE,
Named to District Court,
EDWARD M. CURRAN,
Named District Attorney.
Rope Beating Kills Boy, 2,
Left Behind by Parents
By the Associated Press.
STOCKTON, Calif., March 15.—A
beating with a rope and the shock
of other mistreatment killed 2-year
old Henry Insunza, authorities re
ported today.
The child’s body was discovered
yesterday in the bathroom of the
home of Juan Suarez, 48. Stockton
relief worker, with whom Henry and
his 1-year-old brother, Manuel, and
4-year-old sister, Angela, had been
left two months ago.
Donald Boscoe, assistant district
attorney, said Suarez, charged with
murder, told him he had had "a
little trouble” with the children and
had whipped them with rope.
Dr. Charles E. Nixon, who per
formed an autopsy, attributed
Henry's death to shock from mis
treatment and a beating.
Suarez and his wife, Antonia, 45,
told authorities they had kept the
children at their home since Janu
ary 4. when their mother left them
saying she would be back “in a day
or two.” Mrs. Suarez was held on
a charge of investigation of murder.
Authorities said the parents of the
children were Mr. and Mrs. Robert
Insunza of Fresno.
Bioff Ordered Remanded;
Way Open for Appeal
By the Associated Press.
CHICAGO. March 15.—The Crim
inal Court ruled today that William
Bioff must complete service of an
18-year-old sentence of six month!
for pandering but left open the doo$
for a further legal fight for free
dom.
Chief Justice John Prystalski dis
missed the West Coast movie labor
leader's petition for a writ of ha
beas corpus and ordered him re
manded to the House of Correc
tion. Then he delayed entering of
the order to March 25 and continued
Bioff's $5,000 bond, affording De
fense Counsel time to proceed to the
State Supreme Court.
Under the habeas corpus action
in the Criminal Court Bioff sought
to escape going to jail to finish the
sentence of which he served only a
few days nearly two decades ago.
The issue in the 6ase, Judge Pry
6talski declared, is “Has the State
a right after 17 years to enforce this
judgment.” He was referring to the
Illinois Court of Appeals' verdict of
February 19, 1923. upholding the
conviction. He said he had con
sidered the evidence carefully and
found he had no jurisdiction to re
lease Bioff.
Bus Terminal Site
Bought by C. T. C.
E. D. Merrill, president of the Cap
ital Transit Co., announced today
that the company had purchased a*
vacant lot just south of Chevy
Chase Circle on Connecticut ave
nue and planned to build a bus wait
ing station on the property similar
to stations now maintained at Wis
consin avenue and the District line
and at Fourteenth street and Colo
rado avenue N.W. The terminal
will extend along the north side
of Northampton street from Con
necticut avenue to Belt road.
The cqst of the project, includ
ing land, probably will be about $65,«
000.
Bull Kills Retiring Rancher
PARKER, Colo., March 15 (JP).—
Harlowe Clarke, 50-year-old rancher,
preparing to auction his- cattle and
retire, was butted to death by a
heavy Holstein bull, sire a# his
costly blooded herd.

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