Newspaper Page Text
With Bandar Morning Edition. THEODORE W. NOYES. Editor. WASHINGTON. D. C. FRIDAY.March 15, 1940 Tbs Ever,lug Star Newspaper Company. Main Office. 11th St and Pennsylvania Avt. New York Office: 110 East 42nd St. Chicago Office: 435 North Miehlgen Avg. Prices Effective January 1, 1940. Delivered by Carrier—City and Suburban. Regular Edition. Evgning and Sunday 75c per mo. or lge per week The Evening Star _ 45c oer mo. or 10c per week The Sunday Star .. . -10c Per copy Night Pinal Edition. Night Final and Sunday Star .. 85c per month Night Final Star .. - eocner month Rural Tube Delivery. The Evening and Sunday Star_85e per month The Evening Star_65c per month The Sunday Star_10c per copy Collection made at the end of eaoh month or tach week. Orders may be sent by mall or tele phone National 5000. Rate by Mail—Payable in Advance. Dally and Sunday..1 yr.. *12 00: l mo.. Dally only _1 yr.. 88.00: 1 mo., Sunday only_1 yr.. 85.00; 1 mo.. Entered as second-class matter post office. Washington. D. C. Member of the Associated Press. The Associated Press Is exclusively entitled to the use for republlcatlon of ell news dispatches credited to H or not otherwise credited In this paper end also the local news nubhshed herein. AU rlgh»e of nublicatlon of special dispatches herein sao erg reserved. Union for Strength The fate of Finland has driven home to Scandinavia with greater force than any other development in Europe’s wars the advisability of a defensive union with Finland wjrich might serve in the future to ward off attacks upon any one of them and thereby prevent the piece meal conquest of the northern neutrals. Russia’s expansion in Northern Europe has come to a halt, at least for the moment; how long it will remain static no one, probably not even Dictator Stalin himself, can say, so subject is the whole question to the day-to-day developments in the conflict between Germany and the allies. Certainly if Russia is embroiled along with Germany in Southeastern Europe or in the Near East the likeli hood of a simultaneous drive in the north will diminish. If, however, Ger many finds difficulty in drawing upon the resources of Scandinavia and Finland or meets an allied offensive to cut her lifelines to those countries Russia may join forces with the Reich, thereby menacing Sweden and Norway from the new positions she holds in Finland. in mat. event, me sweaes ana Norwegians now appear to realize, Scandinavia and Finland must stand or fall together. But translation of this conception into reality, desirable as that may appear to others, would mean a revolution in the policies of Stockholm and Oslo, which have been to pursue independent, but corre lated, courses without commitment to mutual assistance pacts. The principle of a unified and eommon policy hitherto has been rejected, and the Scandinavian gov ernments have made it clear that the involvement of any one of them In war would not necessarily mean the involvement of the others. There is evidence now that the narrow outlook is being discarded for a broader and more far-sighted ap proach to mutual problems, and Stockholm and Oslo have stated their readiness to discuss, at least, a defensive alliance with the Finns. Many formidable obstacles to such an alliance have yet to be overcome. Chief of all questions is the point at which the alliance wrould come into operation, and how far into the diplo matic field the principle of common action would be carried. Certainly if the northern countries intended to fight together their diplomacies would have to be welded into a unit. It is this common diplomatic as well as military front which would influence greatly the strategy of both the allies and Germany toward the neutrals. London, Paris and Berlin would be dealing not with three separate policies and three separate entities, but with a solid bloc, supported, in event of war, by united military strength. Both sides obviously would bend greater efforts to win the favor of the northern allies, whose hand in wartime power politics would be measurably strengthened. The effect of a northern alliance can be discussed now only in the most general terms, for the- specific provisions have yet to be worked out. But first steps have been taken toward union; how far they will lead will be determined by how firmly convinced the Swedish and the Norwegian governments finally be come that their best chance to escape the ravages of war is to ac quire the strength which only union can give. Free and Easy Credit The issue involved in the Farm Credit Administration controversy Is whether an institution run for almost seven years on sound bank ing principles shall be turned into a money fountain for farmers in debt. Each of the successive resignations of three high officials of the agency— Governor Hill, General Counsel Evans and Land Bank Commissioner Goss—in protest against the free and easy policy has focused attention on the question, and now Mr. Goss leaves behind him a testament that illustrates how deeply the F. C. A. matter affects us all. “The Government pays the loss whenever the borrower wants to quit paying,” are the words Mr. Goss uses to summarize the Qresent Farm Credit policy. In its almost seven years of existence the F. C. A. has lent more than $5,000,000,000. The F. C. A. debate began on December 14^ when Secretary of Agriculture Wallace, with President Roosevelt’s open backing, announced that the agency would become a sub sidiary part of the Agriculture De partment. Mr. Wallace has made the F. C. A. an integral part of the New Deal farm program, whose founda tion rests on the use of public money to subsidize farmers in a variety of ways—Agricultural Adjustment Ad ministration payments, crop loans, export bounties, and now credit available not necessarily to those whose prospects and merits make them worthy of it but to those who need it. The Secretary of Agricul ture has the notion that the public support of the farmer is a valuable governmental enterprise of such broad social implications that liberal use, not necessarily based on sound hanking policy, of a $5,000,000,000 credit agency is desirable to further the enterprise. Not only is this un fair to the taxpayer but, as Mr. Goss wisely points out, it is unfair to the farmers, who “should never forget that lending them more money and getting them deeper into debt is no substitute for lack of income." — ■ Still a Good Bill The new Hatch bill is still a sound piece of legislation, even with the amendments its opponents have suc ceeded in putting through the Sen ate, and friends of the measure should stick to their fight until it is sent to the White House for signature. Following adoption yesterday of the Bankhead $5,000 limit on the amount any individual may con tribute to a campaign fund, Capitol corridors buzzed with speculation as to whether the measure would ever get through both Houses. Senator Hatch, the author of the bill, explained that he voted against the $5,000 limitation on ^11 contribu tors only because he believed it was offered for the purpose of antago nizing the Republicans, who have stood almost solidly for the measure. While it is not likely to prevent Sen ate passage, if the opportunity for a final vote is granted, there is real danger that the amendment may cause the bill to be sidetracked in the House. But the mere inclusion of the Bankhead amendment would be a slender excuse, indeed, for not pass ing this bill, which seeks only to apply the same ban against political activity by State employes paid from Federal funds that already has been imposed on Federal workers. Despite all the oratory over invasion of State rights during two weeks of Senate debate, the simple fact remains that the bill is merely a declaration by the Federal Government that it will not sanctiort use of the money it gives the States for the kind of political activity it already has banned among its own employes. Language in the original Hatch Act, protecting the right of Federal employes to vote as they please and to express their opinions on all po litical subjects, was placed in the new bill for State employes yesterday, at the request of the author, strength ening the measure against one pos sible source of objection. A glance at the list of contributors in the 1936 general election, pub lished by a senatorial investigating committee, shows that while there were a good many donors of $10,000 or more, the vast majority of con tributions were within the $5,000 mark. It should be remembered, also, that the generous givers were not all on one side of the political fence. Senator Hatch has insisted throughout the debate that his bill is not designed to prevent a public employe from making a voluntary contribution, and for that reason it would have been more orderly pro cedure not to inject regulation of voluntary contributions by private citizens into this legislation dealing entirely with Government personnel. It would be a mistake, nevertheless, for the backers of the Hatch bill to let this maneuver divert them at the last moment, when they are on the eve of passing the measure. Assuming the bill gets through the Senate, it is more than likely it also would poll a majority in the House, even with the Bankhead amendment, provided the House gets a chance to vote on it. Bu# spring is coming, and in its wake will follow adjournment fever, accompanied by the usual legislative jam. In those circumstances some of the House leaders may find them selves tempted to put other business ahead of the Hatch bill, until it is too late to act. If this happens the responsibility would rest on the Democrats, who hold full control of the legislative program, and they should remember that when President Roosevelt signed the original Hatch Act to govern Federal employes he* pointed out as one of its weaknesses the fact that it did not cover State personnel. Bottlenecks Home-going motorists who used the new Thomas Circle underpass during yesterday’s rush hour received a lesson in how a modern, growing city’s traffic can be handled and an other lesson in how it should not be handled. Without delay they moved from Thirteenth to Fifteenth streets at a moderately fast pace. But there they encountered trouble. While the new tunnel, with the inexorable effi ciency of a production line, fed more cars into the Scott Circle area, hun dreds of other drivers were trying to move northward on Sixteenth street, and east and west on Rhode Island avenue. The result, of course, was a serious jam. Washington has numerous bottle necks where conflicting streams of traffic at certain hours of the day bring about a condition which is solved too often by chance-taking. Maine avenue and Fourteenth street, together with the Speedway exit and the narrow Tidal Basin outlet bridge, have caused a major problem. This will be intensified with the Increased use of Maine avenue when the pres ent harbor development Is completed and when the Jefferson Memorial begins to attract thousands. Plans for a grade separation at this point still are tentative. Facilitation of traffic on Rock Creek-Potomac Park way is progressing, with work under way on the Massachusetts avenue bridge and the K street viaduct. Thomas Circle’s underpass has cost nearly half a million dollars. Its value in relieving congestion at an intersection which is used by nearly sixty thousand vehicles a day is in estimable. But this value is impaired when the major traffic flow is north and west because of the veritable wall of traffic which is encountered at Scott Circle. Construction of a simi lar underpass to carry Sixteenth street traffic under the circle is being considered and should be expedited. This would permit a better controlled movement a§ far as Dupont Circle, with possible outlets into Rhode Island avenue, Seventeenth and Eighteenth streets, congestion still would exist at Dupont Circle, but the blocking of traffic would not be so severe if Scott Circle’s problem were solved first. Then the Dupont un derpass for Connecticut avenue would follow logically. Liquid Oxygen Bombs Early in the war there were rumors in England and France of a “secret weapon” in possession of the Ger mans. Nazis in Rotterdam boasted loudly that Hitler was in possession of something—nobody knew what— with which he could put an end to the war in short order. But, they said, Der Fuehrer was too good and kind a man to use it unless the das tardly enemy drove him to despera tion. At first some believed that this unknown weapon was the magnetic mine. It certainly did damage enough—but it could not be sup posed that it would have any great effect on the progress of the war. Moreover, there was nothing partic ularly secret about it. The govern ments of both France and Great Britain were well aware of- the gen eral principle. They had known all about it for twenty years. Now congressional interest has been aroused by ia liquid oxygen bomb—such as reputedly was used experimentally in the Spanish war and which was reliably reported to be capable of destroying anything within a mile radius of the place of explosion. It is by no means im possible that the military uses of the most violent explosive known to man have been explored thoroughly and that some of the obstacles to its use have been surmounted. The trouble with liquid oxygen, so far as its potentialities as an explosive can be known to laymen, is that it must be made as it is used. Liquefied oxygen, at a temperature of one hun dred and eighty-three degrees below zero centigrade, evaporates very rapidly at ordinary temperatures. It is somewhat of a mystery how a supply of bombs filled with such an explosive could be manufactured and transported for the use of an army. If some method has been found of manufacturing liquid oxygen in an airplane in flight—and there have been rumors of such—the pilot could make his bombs as he drops them. And this, for the time being at least', would be bad news for the opposing forces. This may indeed be the “se cret weapon.” But fortunately, it is not very secret. The tradition of science under all flags that results be published for the benefit of the world in times of peace has resulted in making widely known the broad features of handling liquid oxygen. Physicists of Great Britain and France can be expected to get at the details very quickly if the bomb be comes of great military importance. Publishers' Paradise A circulation expert sent a form letter to the Represa (California) Sports-Telegram guaranteeing, for a fee, to double its circulation In six weeks. He could have saved three cents had he but known that it is the official newspaper of Folsom Prison. The management refused. In explanation of the phenomenon, it must be remembered that both the stock and the subscribers are closely held, and the broad free outlook so necessary for expansion is lacking. With gently smiling jaws they wel come such new clients as are sup plied free of charge by the Los Angeles County, police and courts, and seek no others. They are very snooty and not without reason. The publishers of the Sports-Tele gram have a soft snap and should be the envy of all other publishers. Not only do they eliminate the cost of wire services by substituting the free grapevine telegraph; they also make use of that unique institution, the payless pay day. They have worked up the delivery service to a peak of perfection by consolidating routes, and there is little chance of a paper going astray when addressed to Mr. 123,456, at Corridor L, Cell Twenty two. And best of all, when Constant Subscriber writes in, kicking about everything, the editor can put him in solitary. Those members of Congress who excoriate District institutions for failing to function one hundred per cent remind one vaguely of the Pharaoh of the Exodus who insisted that the Children of Israel make bricks without straw. It is claimed that a man out West found an edible mushroom that ac tually weighed forty-five pounds. What a suitable garnishment this would make for a whole roasted buffalo! Says Pioneers Explore Frontiers of Behavior Philosopher Tells Of Adventures in Human Research I To the Editor of The Star: , "Where can one find a man who can take ^n ax and a chew of tobacco and go build himself a home?" you ask in an editorial printed on March 11. As one who daily lives with an ax in his hand and a chew in his mouth, sur rounded by 10,000 acres of neglected tim ber, lacking many of the luxuries of the pioneers of fiction, and having once read a book on psychology, I feel qualified to answer: “The woods IS full of’em.” Those who so bemoan an equivalent of the early frontierman are unworthy of the name of scientist. Their mood sub jective, their outlook perverse. Others must do their thinking for them. Tra ditionalism is their end rather than di rected objectivism their means. No! Such weepers cannot be scientists, nor psychologists. If they were, they would know positively that there are just as many, if not more, pioneers today than there ever were. Only in different wildernesses with other tools and tim bers; for instance in the mechanics of human behavior. Two dimensions of man we know quite well—his faculties in terms of space and time, in cubic and planar aspects; the matters of his department of “health," pleasure and pain, sensation, feeling, re flexes, and those of his “wealth,” his pos session, having, knowing. But, in his third and fourth dimensions, in the pow ers, functions and properties of his lines of direction and end point, scientifically, this territory is comparatively terra in cognito. How little do we know of the pursuit of happiness, of the will of man and his cause for being! How incom petent are we still in adjusting the af fairs of man’s powers and his work! Such jungles have always been in process of exploration. For the hardy there are thrills and adventure, and dangers, too. As the pioneer once went forth with his ax and eating tobacco, so today ven tures the true scientist. Not with bare hands, but mechanized; with mathe matics and language and reason as his sharp-edged tools to clear the land of the briars and brush of prejudice and traditionalism, and of logs shaped and measured by universal principles he is building for posterity a home in ultimate truth. ( As a postscript I cannot resist inject ing here Principle Eight of the code of Charles A. Dana, recommended by him in an address before the Wisconsin Editorial Association July 24, 1888, and as true today as it ever was: “Above all, know and believe that humanity is advancing; that there is progress in human life and human affairs; and that, as sure as God lives, the future will be greater and bet ter than the present or the pa$t.” March 13. C. B. PHILIBERT. Suggests World Conference To Settle Differences. To the Editor of The Star: Now that officialdom in both Soviet Russia and Finland have arrived at the wise conclusion that an armed and un relenting struggle between them gets neither anything but loss of life and property and as a solvent for their in ternal Ills is as futile and as hopeless as are all wars for that purpose, perhaps official England and France, Germany and Italy, and Japan and China will see the light of this excellent decision and also follow their example by settling their arguments in as amiable a manner as Is possible under the circumstances. An armistice of, say, 90 days should give all the nations and their reigning heads and cabinet officials time to decide if they want to solve their economic and political differences across a conference table. Within this period, reigning heads and officials of England and France, Germany and Italy and Japan and China should be able to decide whether they want the co-operation or partici pation of the United States in that con ference. Out of a world economic re construction confab must come the solu tion of the world’s chaotic problems. March 12. p. p. Grand River Dam Visited by Washingtonians. To the Editor of The 8t»r: Reports from Oklahoma to the effect that Gov. Leon c. Phillips has sent National Guard troops to stop work on the Grand River Dam serve to refresh our recollection of a visit paid to the “project” in October. The dam is not easily found. Start ing from Miami, Okla., in the center of the lead and zinc country, we drove for hours through a wilderness in search of it. The roads are unpaved, most of them, and great clouds of choking yellow dust surrounded us as we bumped along over the pits and shell holes. Occasionally we passed through hopeless little vil lages from which most of the inhabitants appeared to have departed. Now and again we encountered a cow or a don key, a scraggly group of leafless trees or a field of sunburnt cotton. Perhaps the dam is supposed to cure all this desolation. Meanwhile, it may be wondered if it has any other prac tical purpose. ’The power which it is designed to generate must be sold some where. In theory, we understand, it will be distributed to rural settlements in the approximate neighborhood. But more than cheap electricity will be needed to make Eastern Oklahoma a garden spot. The Grand River Valley, however, is something of an exception to the rule. It does have water in it, and once upon a time, ages ago, it must have accom modated a sizable stream. We stood upon the observation plat form on the west side of the "project" and watched proceedings for an hour or more. The dam is a monstrous big affair, as might be expected, and boasts a certain savage sort of architectural beauty. Its cost has been estimated at $20,000,000, and the taxpayers of the Nation are meeting part of the 'expense. Like many another enterprise of the same general sort, it represents an investment made by our generation in behalf of the xwelfare of posterity, in theory, the work is supposed to be finished next year. But it would seep more probable that it will not be completed for another decade. We judged that not more than one-fourth of the Job had been finished at the time of our visit. WASHINGTON TRAVELERS. Much 14. THIS AND THAT By Charles E. Tracewell. "SIXTEENTH STREET* “Dear Sir: “I have enjoyed your column very much and I have seen how you have solved some other bird lovers’ problems. You may be able to solve mine. “I live at Sixteenth street and Park road N.W. Our neighborhood is not favorable for most birds. “I have a feeding station but I have not been able to get any other birds other than the starling and English sparrow, except for one pair of cardinals. *1 realize that even the sparrows and starlings need help in bitter winters but I would like to see some other types. "Yours truly, O. E. L.” * * * * One living in the crowded city need not qgpect as many rarer species as the resident of a suburban community. But even in some of the suburbs in recent years the number of species has fallen off. 'This is a matter for speculation. It has been discussed in Bird Lore, the magazine of the National Association of Audubon Societies, and in other periodicals. It is quite evident from a perusal of articles printed during the past 10 years upon the subject that the more one knows about bird life the less likely he or she is to have any hard and fast theories upon the subject. There are many factors involved, tied up not wily with the mysteries of bird life, but also with teeming humanity and the many increased activities every where. The huge Joss in forest fires every year in America must kill millions of birds. Deforestation in its many aspects has a great deal to do with it. Birds love the trees, and gather strength from them; when anything happens to trees, something must happen to birds. Increased number of tornadoes, sleet storms, intense and prolonged periods of cold—these all tend to cut down on the number of birds and to keep away certain species. Then there are unaccountable factors. About all the experts can say is that "there are not as many birds as in the old days.” Inventions of many kinds may have something to do with it. There can be little question that the great wars take a tremendous toll. ' * * * * It would be better for bird lovers to think candidly and honestly upon this subject, than to select some "goat” upon which to lay the blame for de creased numbers of birds. The cat, for instance, is a favorite scapegoat with some. A beautifully gotten up book recently contained the preposterous statement that cats In one State alone kill 50,000, 000 birds annually 1 If this were so, or In any degree so, there would be no birds left In that State at all Inside of a year In fact, it Is a matter of doubt If there are 50,000,000 birds in any one State in the Union at any one time. Fifty million Is a lot of birds 1 * * * m Starlings and English sparrows are two others upon which the blame for decreased numbers of songbirds Is some times placed by the unthinking. This because they tend to drive the smaller native birds out of their nesting places. In the end, this will mean a decrease, but no one can say just how many, or how long a time will be required for the change to take place. • English sparrows and starlings tend to keep rarer birds away from suburban and city feeding stations. There can be little doubt about this, but what can a tolerant person do about it? Perhaps the best thing he can do is to withhold from the feeding places the particular titbits fancied by starlings, such as bread, meat, suet, coconut. The hope is that the unwanted birds will go someplace else. There i! no cruelty involved here, even in a bad winter, because thousands of persons now' feed the birds, and many of them use bread, so that none will go hungry. Of course, if you do not use suet, you may not get a downy woodpecker, and so it goes. Some persons find the mockingbird far worse in driving away rarer birds than starlings and English sparrows. English sparrows rather prefer a feeder at a distance from the house, so that one on the windowsill is not so likely to attract them. The best way to get the rarer birds is to move to the suburbs! One way to enjoy bird life to the most is to accept what comes and make the best of it. This means that some persons are able to get as much satisfaction from starlings and English sparrows as others do from chickadees and titmice. Rarer birds will come, even where the two are, but not so often. The per son who accepts those that come will have even greater joy when the rarer birds do arrive. Neither starlings nor English spar rows chase away other birds. Mostly they fight among themselves. To do battle with certain species, to grow red in the face, to trap and to kill, even, is to miss the very crown of this sport. There is too much killing going on in the world today, as it, is; let no one dare call himself a “bird lover” who adds to the slaughter in his own back yard. Letters to the Editor Seeks Information on Nearby Street Chances. To the Editor ot The Star: The Star of this Saturday evening contains the first informative article that has been published concerning street changes which the Maryland Park and Planning Commission, under authority of the Legislature, will make effective May 1 in communities of Prince Georges County adjacent to the District of Co lumbia. These changes are very sweeping. It seems to some of us that such sweeping changes may not be for the public in terest, that the confusion, the loss of old landmarks and the breaking down of community boundaries may be a price too big to pay for the benefits received. We all realize that some change is de sirable, but we think it need not be ex tensive. The plans for renaming and renumber ing the streets will be put into operation within such a short time that I doubt if the individual citizen will have an opportunity to learn what the complete plans for his own town will be, or what their relation Is to the project as a whole unless a Washington paper, such as your own, is willing to give us details and is willing to study the matter thor oughly and put their findings into print. We would like to know if the project is practical and to our advantage. What will be the effect on postal and delivery service, what will be the standing of deeds and insurance policies issued on old addresses? If one studies a map of this section he is immediately impressed with the entire lack of uniform street arrange ment. It would seem as if the layout for the most part does not permit of sys matic numbering and naming. Are the proposed changes really advantageous or do they simply satisfy the whims of comparatively few persons? Various newspaper articles from time to time have told us that the Park and Planning Commission was at work on this project and all of these write-ups have stated that communities were being consulted I am one of the com missioners of Cottage City and I wish to say that to my knowledge no one in this town has been approached for ad vice. In fact as secretary commissioner I wrote to Mr. Smith of the Park and Planning Commission asking what the proposed changes were for this com munity and the letter was not even acknowledged. I believe the changes are the work of a few and that the majority have not been considered. A few years ago The Star Investigated the so-called Maryland City project for us, pronounced it not good and nn«d it alone and single-handedly. I personally feel that these projected street changes are being made by the same people with the idea of breaking down community barriers and that the Maryland City project may soon be with us again I am not asking The Star to take one side or the other, but would it be willing to study the matter and give us the facts before it is too late for us to do anything, if it turns out that anything should or could be done to oppose the schemes outlined in your paper of today. Brentwood, Md. ALAN LEIGHTON. March 9. "Make Work” Plan Suggested for Trial To the Editor of The Star: It was with consuming Interest that I read yesterday in The Star of the latest proposal, 100 per cent political, aero scientific, which Senator O’Mahoney, Democrat, of Wyoming intends to intro duce in Congress. At a technocrat meeting last night I Letters to the Editor must bear the name and address o) the writer although the use of a pseudonym for publication ts permissible. Please be briff! L———— was informed that this proposed bill was advocated by a group of New York econ omists. It is not surprising, for it has an odor which is strongly reminiscent of certain charms, composed largely of snake bqpes, fish bladders, etc., peddled by voodoo priests and worn by natives of Haiti as a cure-all. It is regrettable that the Senator has lent his name and pres tige to such voodooism. May I add my humble suggestion to supplement and improve the Senator's plan? While offered in all modesty, I am sure that it contains the germ which will cure our economic miseries. It is this: During the forthcoming census, let there be taken a complete record of all power shovels in use in this country. Let us then ship these mischief-making, subversive devices to Europe (gratis) for the purpose of digging trenches for the armies of the warring nations. This will release men for the front lines, where they will doubtless be needed, and soon. All of these power shovels shall be re placed with men using picks and hand shovels. To help spread re-employment, horse-drawn wagons should replace as many trucks as possible. After this pro cedure has been tried fairly and thor oughly, if the reduction in unemploy ment has not reached encouraging pro portions, the picks and hand shovels are to be then discarded and spoons issued to the workers: wagons and trucks sup planted by wheelbarrows. I make no claim to originality in offer ing the above, as I faintly recall hearing of identical measures being advocated before. There is a vast field of oppor tunity in the exploitation of this idea Think how far back we all can go, tech nologically, until we again will be privileged to drudge and sweat for a mere existence, a la 1492 AD. Think, also, of the many things we can learn to do without. TECHNOCRAT. Arlington, Va. March 13. Suggests Submitting United Labor to Membership. To tbo editor of The Star: As a member of a trade union not af filiated with either the A. P. L. or C. I. O. but a loyal advocate of organized labor and with its best Interests at heart, I move that the question of uniting the A. P. L. and C. I. O. be submitted to a vote of the membership of both organiza tions, such vote to be final and binding. The proposed ballot should be conducted by some neutral authority, some onfe from the Department of Labor preferably. If a majority favor union, then a conven tion could be called to carry it into effect and elect an entire new set of officials for the combined body. If the present foolish and selfish course of these two organizations is not soon arrested, it will not be long until organ ized labor, annulling its own influence and power and discredited by the public, will be a thing of the past. Since we have reached the day when little can be ac complished except by mass movement we believe this Nation needs and desires a strong and effective organization of the working classes; but at present the pub lic is confused as to who represents whom. Is it possible that the enemies of organized labor are using these organiza tions to demonstrate the logic of the “bundle of sticks”? DAVID A. TAYLOR. March i. Haskin's Answers To Readers' Questions,, By Frederic J. Hatkin. A reader can get the answer to any question of fact by writing The Eve ning Star Information Bureau, Fred eric J. Haskin, director, Washington, D. C. Please inclose stamp for reply. Q. Please give the amount of money spent for newspaper, radio, magazine and other kinds of advertising in 1939.— 8. T. M. A. Printers’ Ink estimates the total vol ume of advertising in the United States in 1939 at over $1,600,000,000. The fol lowing classifications make up the total: Newspapers. $525,000,000; direct mail, $300,000,000; radio, $170,000,000; maga zines, $150,000,000; outdoor, $50,000,000; business papers, $50,000,000; farm pa pers, $17,000,000; miscellaneous, $340, 000,000. Q. What instrument is heard at the'' end of certain lines on Guy Lombardo's recording of “Confucious Say” and other songs?—J. K. A. The instrument is a spinetinno, the only one in the United States. Q. Who said, “God will pardon me. It is His trade”?—W. N. S. A. These were the words of Heine, the great German poet. Q. From what source does Mexico City obtain its water supply?—6. M. A. A $5,000,000 municipal water worka system utilizes mountain springs for an abun^-nt fresh water supply. Q. What became of the wreck of the Graf Spee?—M. B. N. A. It was purchased by a junk dealer in Montevideo for $17,500. Q. When were alarms first used on clocks?—M. M. C. A. The origin of the alarm attach ment to the clock is not definitely known. One authority attributes its in vention to the monk Gerbert, as early as 996. Simon Willard, one of the noted early American clock makers, who lived from 1753-1848, obtained a patent on an alarm attachment. Q. Is there a strawberry tree?—Y. 8. C. A. The strawberry tree is a beautiful ornamental tree of the heath family, native to Southern Europe, Southwest ern Ireland and widely planted in warm countries. It grows from 10 to 30 feet high and has smooth, red bark and glossy, dark-green leaves. The white or rose-colored flowers, arranged in short, drooping clusters, are borne in autumn intermingled with scarlet gran ular berries. Q. Who is Lord Haw Haw who broad casts from Berlin?—L. T. M. A. He is said to be William Joyce, a graduate of London University and formerly active as a British Fascist. Q. Please give some information about the Slumbering Ground Hog Lodge — W. J. H. A. The Slumbering Ground Hog Lodge of Quarry ville, Pa., was founded 34 years ago by George Washington Hensel, jr. Prospective members must be on proba tion for seven years and membership is limited to 65 men. The lodge’s out standing session of the year is on Feb ruary 2, ground hog day, when mem bers scout the country to observe ground hog holes. Among the organization’* distinguished honorary members ara Vice President John N. Garner and Mark Sullivan. Q. What is the name of the famous food market in Paris?—K. G. M. A. It is called Les Halles. Q. Who were Ellen Terry’s hus bands?—W. N. S. A. The actress was first married at the age of 16 to G. F. Watts, the artist. She next married E. A. Warden, whose stage name was Charles Kelly, in 1907 she married James Carew, an American actor. Q. How many accidents occur while people 'are at work?—H. M. N. A. It is estimated that there are 1,400,000 occupational accidents an nually, resulting in a loss of (650,000,000 in wages, medical expenses and over head costs. Slipping and falling alone account for about 25 per cent of the loss. Q. Does Germany have any wartime regulations about the production of beer?—D. N. * A. New regulations have recently gone into effect whereby production of ordinary beer is to be reduced by 25 per cent, while production of the popular Pilsener Urquell brew is to be reduced by 50 per cent. Q. Who originated the "$30 every Thursday" bill?—G. I. A. Senator Sheridan Downey of Cali fornia sponsored the ‘‘$30 every Thurs day" plan. Q. What percentage of materials origi nating in the United States is ex ported?—J. T. A. It is estimated that 10 per cent of the materials grown or manufactured in the United States is exported. Forecast When springtime wakens, misty-eyed, Upon these mountain tops, The way of countless living streams Will lead to mills and shops. There will be those who will not see Wild geese in ordered flight Nor hear their valiant trumpet calls Re-echo through the night. They will not see wood violets Lift faces sweetly shy Nor trees show lacy filigree Against an orchid sky. ' They will not hear the whippoorwill Sound his pathetic note— Where traffic roars, the voice of spring Is stifled in her throat. But they will know by certain signs When she is really near; > The poignancy of her return Is there as well as here. She gives her smiles impartially To country and to town; In alleys, as on grassy lanes, Her sudden tears come down. The lingering fragrance of her breath Will mark the path she takes; Her wistfulness will flood the heart With longing, till it breaks. ANNA M. PRI2BTLEY.