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Yield of Income Tax
Is Due fo Influence Congress' Spending Farm and Defense Plans May Hinge on Returns Due Tonight By tbe Associated Press. * Political leaders are looking to the Federal income tax returns, due by midnight tonight, to influence Important decisions about farm and defense spending, new taxation and changing the Federal debt limit. While the administration set up no goal for this month’s tax collec tions. the margin by which the re ceipts exceed the $505,000,000 col lected last March is expected to be cited over and over in coming con gressional debates. Unofficial guesses for the March total average about $650,000,000. For instance, officials said, if the tax yield is plentiful farm leaders can be expected to argue that the extra collections represent an un expected Treasury windfall which could be used for larger farm ap propriations without impairing the budgetary outlook. Similarly, proponents of greater defense spending could cite the availability of extra funds for their products. May Aid Tax Opponents. At the same time, opponents of the $460,000,000 in new defense taxes proposed by President Roosevelt in January will find support if the col lections are large. Congress has been cold to the tax proposal; but if March total should prove disap pointing, the lawmakers might be more receptive. Overhanging all congressional de bates on spending and economy in recent weeks has been Mr. Roose velt's prediction that, unless appro priations were held to his January estimates and the new taxes were voted, the Treasury would reach its $45,000,000,000 debt limitation dur ing the fiscal year beginning July 1. Thus, if revenues should be larger than he expected, there might be room either for more spending or avoiding new taxes, or both. The receipts also may influence the past reluctance of Congress to follow the administration's request to tax the interest from future is sues of State and local government bonds. Returns must be Hied in person or mailed before midnight to the nearest of the 60 internal revenue offices throughout the country. At least a week is expected to elapse, however, before authoritative esti mates of the yield will be possible. Earlier Returns Ahead. Relatively few citizens paid their taxes beforehand, and In the first 12 days of the month, income tax col lections recorded at the Treasury amounted to only $81,475,743. This was 50 per cent above the similar period last year, but might not be any indication of the final increase. Prom July 1, 1939, through March 12, 1940, the Treasury's total re ceipts were $3,725,691,256. compared with $3,815,171,369 in the similar por tion of the previous fiscal year. The total for this fiscal year, however, Is expected to be well ahead. Expenditures through March 12 totaled $6,446,636,034. creating a deficit of $2,720,944,777 after nearly three-quarters of the fiscal year. Jpn the same date last year, the denfcit was $2,406,197,675. House Votes to Authorize 10 New Federal Judges Br the Associated Press. Over almost solid Republican op position, the House passed and sent to the Senate yesterday a bill which would authorize President Roosevelt to appoint 10 new Federal judges. Cries of politics resounded from both sides of the chamber in the de bate which preceded the final 211-to 136 roll call vote. The Republicans argued that the Democrats were creating more offi ces to fill, while the Democrats shouted back that the Republicans sought to stop the bill because they hoped to have their man in the White House after next January. Three of the judgeships provided would be permanent additions to Circuit Courts of Appeals. Seven district judgeships would be tempo rary in the sense that when the first vacancy occurred in each of the dis tricts affected that vacancy would not be filled. The circuit judgeships voted: One for the 6th circuit, serving Ken tucky, Michigan, Dhio and Tennes see: two for the 8th circuit, serving Arkansas, Iowa. Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North and South Dakota. The district judgeships: South ern California. New Jersey, North ern Georgia, Eastern Pennsylvania, Southern New' York, Northern Illi nois and Western Oklahoma. Dog Team Brings III Woman From Snowbound Home By the Associated Press. ASHTON, Idaho, March 15.— Western sled dogs can run on er rands of mercy as well as for money. Resting at the Carl C. Lenz ranch Bear here today was Mrs. Lynn Farre, brought from a snow-bound mountain home by dog team. She will be taken on to Idaho Falls by automobile to receive medical at tention, her husband said, was des perately needed. Everett Heseman of Twjn Falls, who in the past month won dog races here and at Red Lodge, Mont., and Lloyd Van Sickle of Ashton, who finished in the money in both races, used their teams to transport Mrs. Farre, her two small children, her husband, a farm worker, and their luggage, 18 miles. "The going was fairly easy while the snow had a good crust, but dur ing the early part of the day, when the crust begins to give way, sled travel is almost Impossible,” the drivers said. Man Gets Return of Lift In Short Order By the Associated Press. WINCHESTER, Ky.—Parker Gard ner gave a friend a short ride in his automobile. “Thanks,” said the friend, alight ing from the car. “I'll give you a lift some day.” Five minutes later, Gardner was ‘T want that lift now,” he told his debtor. “I need some one to lift my car so I can get out of the ice at the curb.” He got the "lift.” King Takes Tickets, But Tommies Fail « To Recognize Him By the Associated Press. LONDON, March 15.—King George VI, dressed up in naval uniform, turned ticket collector yesterday, but very few people were the wiser. The King’s play-acting came at the dockside, where he w*s watching 1,000 B. E. F. men disembarking from France on leave. Taking over the task of a railway employe, the King stood and collected leave passes as the men came ashore. Few of the soldiers recognized his majesty. Most of them handed over their passes me chanically and hurried past. A. F. L. Attacks House Probers' Proposals to Change Labor Act Justice Department Investigates Charges Of N. L. R. B. Lobbying Organized labor stood in common cause today in opposition to the pending amendments to the Na tional Labor Relations Act recom mended by the special House Inves tigating Committee. Meanwhile, the Justice Depart ment proceeded with a “comprehen sive investigation” of charges that the Labor Board, administering the act, has engaged in lobbying activi ties against changes in the law. With the C. I. O. already on rec ord as disapproving the amend ments submitted by the committee headed by Representative Smith, Democrat, of Virginia, the A. F. of L. followed suit last night in state ments by William Green, president, and by Harvey W. Brown, head of the International Association of Machinists, a Federation affiliate. Assails Proposals. While conceding that some of the Smith amendments "are practical and constructive,” Mr. Green as serted that as a whole they “strike in a destructive way at vital, funda mental principles of the Labor Re lations Act ” Instead, Mr. Green urged, Congress should approve the revisions proposed by the Federa tion and now pending before both Senate and House Labor Committees. Mr. Brown was more sweeping in his denunciation of the Smith pro posals, urging labor to rally in op position, “lock, stock and barrel,” against both the amendments and the committee majority report. Intention of the Justice Depart ment to study Labor Board practices was disclosed in a letter from At torney General Jackson to Chairman Smith. Primarily, the Attorney Gen eral wrote, the need is for a re vision of a 21-year-old statute against lobbying by Government de partments and agencies in a way that would “leave neither admin istrative officials nor the courts nor congressional committees in doubt.” Refers to 1919 Law. His reference was to a law enacted in 1919 as a rider to a deficiency appropriation bill. The all but for gotten legislation was revived re cently by evidence before the House committee investigating the Labor Board. Mr. Smith charged that the evidence indicated a possible viola tion 6f the law by a board official in using the long-distance telephone to arouse opposition to pending legislation. Mr. Smith asked the Justice De partment to take some action. Mr. Jackson replied that he had ordered a “comprehensive investigation” be cause testimony presented to the committee could not be used in court. Referring to an earlier request by Mr. Smith for an opinion on the law, the Attorney General wrote: “A prosecution under a statute so uncertain that your congressional committee sought an opinion of the Attorney General to determine its meaning would, of course, be in the nature of a test case. • * • Con gress could quickly and with cer tainty rewrite this act to make it say just what Congress wants it to mean and to place upon officials whatever limitations and prohibi tions it thinks desirable.” Alexandria Man Found Dead in Vacant House Br » Staff Correspondent ol The Star. ALEXANDRIA, Va., March 15.—A certificate of death from natural causes was issued by Dr. Llewellyn Powell, city coroner, in the death of Melvin Devers, 40, former Alexan dria High School baseball star, whose body was found yesterday afternoon in a vacant house less than a block from his home. Police discovered the body in a house at the rear of the 1700 block Prince street after an anonymous telephone call to police headquar ters Dr. Powell said the man had been dead several hours. Mr. Devers, a son of the late Silas Devers, owner of the Dreadnaught Athletic Association, semi-profes sional baseball team, was employed at the Potomac railroad yards. He was unmarried. He is survived by his mother, with whom he made his home in the 1800 block of Duke street; two brothers, Leon and Frank Devers, and a sis ter, Mrs. F. A. Sick of Washington. Sonnysayings Baby’s tryin' t’ “play Ilk*’’ John] is a little girl, but John's goin* on a strike! I 1). S. Ready to Help Set Up Infer-American Bank The United States is ready to join other American republics next month in establishing a $100,000,000 inter-American bank for the pro motion of trade and financial sta bility in this hemisphere, Secretary of State Hull Informed the Inter American Financial and Economic Advisory Committee yesterday. Describing the bank proposal as "a step of major importance in the development of inter - American financial and economic co-opera tion," Mr. Hull said this Govern ment would sign a convention creating the bank on April 14, when the instrument will be deposited at the Pan-Amerlean Union here for signature. At least five nations must sign the proposed draft convention be ' ■ fore the bank becomes operative. The United States, Mexico and Co lombia so far have announced readi ness to sign the draft in its present form, while several others are ex pected to offer suggestions for some detailed changes. The bank is an indirect outgrowth of the European War, which is throwing the American republics closer together economically. Shares having a valuation of $100,000 each will be issued. The preliminary agreement reached by the Advisory Committee calls for the United States, Brazil and Argentina to take a minimum of 50 shares each, Mex ico and Venezuela each 35; Chile, Colombia and Cuba, 30; Peru, 25; Uruguay, 20; Bolivia, 15; the Do minican Republic and Panama, 10; Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Haiti, Honduras, Nicaragua and Paraguay, 5. The bank is designed to foster I co-operative action among the American republics in the fields of agriculture, industry, public utili ties, mining, commerce and trans portation. Signal Dislocates Arm FRESNO, Calif., March 15 VP).— Leo Hilton, "dead tired" from driving a truck in heavy traffic all day, dreamed he was signaling for a tura He flung out his arm so violently he dislocated his shoulder. Killed in Cave-in RATON, N. 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