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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, March 24, 1940, Image 2

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States Urged to Adopt
District's Setup on
Tax Appeals
Jo V. Morgan Sees
Move as Reducing
Collection Expense
Jo V. Morgan, sole member of the
Board of Tax Appeals for the Dis
trict, suggested yesterday that its
plan and procedure might well be
adopted by the States in relation to
local taxation “to the great advan
tage of both the taxpayer and the
taxing authority.”
Mr. Morgan was one of several
officials who took part in the tenth
tax clinic conducted under auspices
of the section of taxation, American
Bar Association. More than 300 at
torneys attended the luncheon
meeting at the Mayflower Hotel at
which the functionings of various
governmental bodies dealing with
taxes were discussed.
Mr. Morgan, who explained the
procedure of the District's one-man
board, said its adoption by States
could be made with only slight al
terations and with practically none
in such small States as Rhode
Island and Delaware.
"We can so arrange,” he said,
“that the taxpayer be afforded an
inexpensive, prompt and efficient
method by which there can be de
termined the validity and propriety
of the taxes assessed against him.
At least, he is entitled to know and
feel that, according to law, he is
not being illegally assessed and is
not bearing an uneven burden. I
believe the Board of Tax Appeals
for the District of Columbia, more
than any other, comes nearer that
ideal.”
Less Collection Expense.
Adoption of its procedure, he
claimed, also would insure for State,
county or city authorities the col
lection of large amounts of taxes
which would not be collected other
wise without considerable expense.
Experience here, he claimed, has
shown that the board has more than
paid its own expenses in this way,
and at the same time the procedure
has served to create in the mind of
the taxpayer “a sense of justice and
fairness.”
George M. Morris, chairman of
the Bar Association section, pre
sided. Addresses also were made by
Assistant Attorney General Samuel
O. Clark, jr.; Representative Wes
ley E. Disney, Democrat, of Okla
homa, member of the House Ways
and Means Committee; Thomas
Tarleau legislative counsel to the
Treasury Department; Far we 11
Knapp of Bridgeport, Conn., chair
man of the National Tax Associa
tion's Committee on Double Domicle,
and Francis C. Nash, professor of
law at Georgetown University.
There seemed to be a general opin
ion that the already heavy tax bur
den has little chance of being eased
Until expenditures and revenues are
brought into more proper balance
through reduction of the former.
Mr. Clark, who opened the clinic,
discussed "Tax Compromises in the
Department of Justice,” its pro
cedure and policy. Discussing civil
procedure in detail, he admonished
the attorneys that "the door has
never been closed to anyone ap
proaching the tax division with a
legitimate and timely compromise
proposal.” He added:
Called Best Procedure.
"There may be those among you
Who feel that the ‘square comers’
the late Justice Holmes said a citi
een must turn in dealing with the
Government, are stretched into
city blocks when it comes to com
promising tax cases. Nevertheless.
It Is believed that the present pro
cedure is best suited to situations
in which the judgment of those
handling cases for the Government
Is substituted for that of the courts.”
Mr. Clark sought to correct some
popular impressions about the com
promising of criminal cases involv
ing taxes. "Criminal proceedings
are not regarded as implementing
the ordinary civil remedies availa
ble for enforcing tax collections,”
he said. “Indictments are not used
as clubs to compel payment of taxes
by the individuals indicted.”
He declared that when settlement
Is made it is the policy to require
the payment of the full civil liabili
ties, Including penalties and interest,
or as much thereof as the taxpayer
is able to pay.
"It is hardly necessary to point
out that no agreement is ever made
with the defendant as to the degree
Of the criminal punishment that will
be imposed,” he explained. “That
Is a matter which obviously lies ex
clusively within the discretion of the
court. Moreover, it is the stand
ing policy of the department to
make no recommendations to the
court as to either leniency or sever
ity of punishment where the civil
liabilities are settled concurrently
with the entry of the plea.”
Hopes to Avoid Tax Bill.
Representative Disney said then
will not be a 1940 tax bill "if wi
can avoid it.” He criticized th<
growth of multiple taxation and op
posed suggestions that the Pedera
income tax exemptions for marriec
and single persons be reduced. "Peo
ple fail to appreciate the heavy bur
den of the low-income taxpayers,’
he said. He took issue with certair
complaints that the reduction;
should be made in order to product
"tax consciousness” among thosi
groups.
Mr. Disney urged the creation o:
some central authority to considei
the levying of taxes and raising o
revenues. “There is not now anj
consideration in Congress of thi
appropriations as a whole,” he said
"Couple this situation with the faci
that the 16th amendment provide*
no ceiling of limits to the congres
sional power to levy taxes.”
Earlier procedure, he pointed out
placed in the Ways and Means Com
mittee the dual function of a rev
enue and an appropriating commit
tee. "In other words,” he said
"the same committee which had
charge of the purse strings also hac
the burden of raising money t<
provide for the appropriations.’
Now the appropriating power is helt
by a number of other committees.
"So I repeat,” Mr. Disney added
"it is imperative that some centra
authority in Congress should be c. i
ated with a power to survey the
needs and the wants of the Nation
then to compare them with whai
the Nation can afford.”
To Show Plastic Film
A motion picture, depicting prog
ress in plastics—one of America'!
youngest and fastest-growing indus
tries—will be shown Tuesday and
Friday at 3:30 p.m. in the Commerce
Department Auditorium.
TAX EXPERTS MEET—Shown at the tenth tax clinic of the American Bar Association at the May
flower Hotel yesterday are, front row, left to right, Jo V. Morgan, sole member of the District
Board of Tax Appeals; Chairman George M. Morris of the clinic and Thomas Tarleau, legislative
counsel to the Treasury Department. In the back row, left to right, are Francis C. Nash, law
professor at Georgetown University; Samuel O. Clark, Jr., assistant to the Attorney General;
Farrell Knapp of Bridgeport, Conn., chairman of the. National Tax Association Committee on
Double Domicile, and Representative Disney of the Tax Subcommittee of the House Ways and
Means Committee. —Star Staff Photo.
Mental Hazard to Soldier
Seen in New Garand Rifle
Maj. Gen. Reckford Contends Improvement
Or Substitute Infantry Arm Needed
This is the second of a series of
three articles discussing the new
Garand rifle. In the series The
Star endeavors to cover both the
criticisms and defense of the new
rifle in order to present a fair
picture of the controversy.
By WALTER McCALLUM.
“From my experience in the World
War I am of the opinion we cannot
lose sight of the individual soldier's
psychology. The mar. must know
his rifle and know that when he
needs it he can depend upon it to
function. In battle the rifle is the
infantry soldier s best friend; in fact,
it is his only friend. Unless the rifle
and the ammunition has demon
strated to the individual in practice
that it can be definitely depended
upon, there is a distinct psycholog
ical hazard.
"I believe in the present stage of
its development the Garand rifle
will produce a distinct mental haz
ard.”
In these words, Maj. Gen. M. A.
Reckford. executive vice president of
the National Rifle Association and
an experienced combat officer, de
scribes what may happen unless (1)
the Garand rifle, present standard
infantry arm of the United States
Army, is improved, or (2) another
rifle substituted, or (3) the ammuni
tion is improved.
“The soldier in battle is an indi
I vidual unit. If he cannot depend
, on his rifle his morale suffers.”
Wants "Finest Rifle.
Gen. Reckord hopes that out of
the present discussion over the
Garand rifle will come an infantry
I arm that will not function badly in
■ battle. Along with other Army offi
cers he is interested only in sup
; plying the foot soldier with an arm
| on which he can depend, and fn his
> own words, "the finest rifle, firing
! the finest ammunition obtainable
anywhere in the world.”
j "We are not interested in any
make or name of rifle,” says Gen.
Reckord, who is a member of the
National Board for the Promotion of
Rifle Practice. "But we are vitally
interested in securing for United
States troops the finest rifle ob
tainable.”
Pointing to a recent article in the
Cavalry Journal. Gen. Reckord out
lined some of the shortcomings of
the Garand. The article said: "In
an effort to reduce the number of
malfunctions of the M-l rifle, the
Cavalry Board is studying various
means of lubrication and the prac
tibility of providing a cover for a
breech to prevent the collection of
sand and dirt in the working parts.”
Gen. Reckord personally has care
fully gone over the rifle issued tc
Maryland National Guard troops
and has found several instances of
malfunction. He made the tests with
a gunnery sergeant who was present
at official War Department tests ol
the Garand. Out of his own tests and
the testimony of experienced sol
diers who have used the rifle have
come his conclusions that the
Garand, in its present state of de
velopment, is not the ideal infantry
arm.
“How many rounds of fire are
possible per minute with the gas
operated semi-automatic Garand?
This question was asked the Na
tional Rifle Association. The answer
was the Garand is capable of firing
about 16 shots each 50 seconds
against about 10 aimed shots with
the Springfield.
“HoW many rounds can a dough
boy carry?” was another question.
“Theoretically he can carry 220
rounds,” was the answer. "Actually
he will carry about 136 in clips and
bandoleers.”
"Read this,” said Gen. Reckord,
tossing over a copy of the Infantry
Journal. In it was an article writ
ten by Maj. Gen. George A. Lynch,
chief of Infantry, United States
Army.
Gen. Lynch said: "The * fact
further is that the individual sol
dier's ‘Are power’ in attack is a
function of the amount of am
munition he can carry rather than
of the rate of fire of his weapon.
The soldier armed with the M-l
(Garand) rifle has a ‘fire power’
represented by 136 rounds, which
he can expend in five minutes’ firing
He will get no more.”
“The soldier cannot have an end
less supply of ammunition delivered
to him in battle,” said Gen. Reckord
“He has to pack his own. If he
expends it uselessly his gun is out
of action. All he has left is a
club.”
Possible significance attaches to
the lowering of qualification scores
by the Marine Corps battalion us
ing the Garand rifle. In the late
summer of 1939, says the Leather
neck. a Marine Corps publication,
qualifying standards of marksmen
using the Garand rifle were lowered
from scores of 396 out of 440 to 378
out of 440. This, according to the
publication, had the effect of cost
i ing marines who had equaled the
qualifying standards loss of marks
| manship pay.
j Qualifying standards for the
j Springfield rifle were not changed.
Blast of Pocket Bomb,
Hurting Worker, Probed
Police last night were still investi
gating the mysterious "pocket bomb”
injury of Thomas L. Pearson, 59
year-old lathe worker, who lost two
! fingers and received powder burns
on his left leg in an explosion early
yesterday on a union building reno
vation job at 703 H street N.E.
At Casualty Hospital attaches said
Mr. Pearson's condition was "fair ’’
Mr. Pearson told police that he
had agreed to join the C. I. O. union
that had the contract to do the
renovation job, and that he had been
asked to join an A. P. of L. building
workers union which had been
picketing the project for some time.
Officers quoted Mr. Pearson as say
ing he knew of no one who might
wish to “plant” a bomb on his per
son, but that the implement ap
parently had been placed in his
overcoat pocket, which had been
left at the project overnight. He was
waiting for his pay envelope when
the mishap occurred, Mr. Pearson
said.
Mr. Pearson lives at 105 Eighth
street N.E.
Correction
In The Sunday Star of March 10,
there appeared a story telling of a
gambling raid on a “barber shop at
600 D street N.W.” This statement
was incorrect. Actually, the raid
was on a poolroom, located at 607
D street N.W. No barber shop was
Involved in the raid. The Star re
grets the error.
HURT IN “POCKET BOMB” EXPLOSION—Thomas L. Pearson,
lathe worker on a union construction project, is shown at
Casualty Hospital alter an explosion In his overcoat pocket
blew off two fingers yesterday. —Star Staff Photo.
A 1 .
New Patent Office Exhibit
Has Preview Showing
A'preview showing of a United
States Patent Office exhibit which is
to be part of a celebration of the
150th anniversary of the signing of
the first patent legislation by Presi
dent Washington April 10, 1790, was
opened yesterday by Assistant Sec
retary of Commerce J. Monroe
Johnson in the lobby of the Com
merce Building.
Special guests of Col. Johnson in
cluded Representative Charles Kra
mer of California, chairman of the
House Patent Committee, and Helen
Mack, Mary Healy and Edith Fel
lows, young Hollywood actresses ap
pearing at a local theater.
Readers' Guide
and
News Summary
The Sunday Star, March 24,1940.
PART ONE.
Main News Section.
Foreign.
Big sub drive within two weeks seen
by British. Page A-l
1. R. A. foiled in break from Dart
moor prison. Page A-l
Japan's report on islands omits for
tifications data. Page A-4
Berlin expecting Molotoff visit to
forge Italian tie. Page A-5
Ineptitude with press declared blow
to Finns. Page A-7
Europe celebrates Easter against war
background. Page A-12
Reynaud mapping program to step
up war tempo. Page A-14
Eliot sees first major air operations
under way. PageA-16
Liberal leadership in war Canada's
vote issue. .. Page B-2
National.
Veto hinted if ratification of trade
pacts is required. Page A-l
Fighting planes built for U. S. to go
to allies. Page A-l
Filibuster on sales tax in House is
predicted. Page A-l
Labor Board curb test due in appro
priations motion. PageA-15
Whelchel posts bond for appearance
in court. Page A-18
| Washington and Vicinity.
Coldest Easter in 17 years expected'
here. Page A-l
j Maj. Donovan seen possible successor
\ to Allen. Page A-l
| Man suffocates, woman hurt, baby
j saved in fire. Page A-l
! Civil service bill not aimed at nearby
areas, Tarver says. Page A-l
D. C. supply bill to come up in House
Thursday. Page B-l
I Allen urges Small Loan Act passage
at present session. Page B-l
Montgomery tax base up $28,000,000;
rate unchanged. Page B-S
Sports
Hazel Franklin, Maddy Horn thrill
at ice carnival. Page B-3
Laura Sprague wins Middleburg
bowl with Portnos. Page B-5
Brookland, Lucky Strike list new pin
tourneys. Page B-6
Capital golf pros set record for major
changes. Page B-4
Bull Whip beats Technician nose in
Tropical upset. Page B-7
Miscellaneous.
Obituary. Page A-14
Vital statistics. Page E-4
Service orders. Page E-4
Travel. Page D-9
PART TWO.
Editorial.
Editorial articles. Pages C-l-S
Editorial and comment. Page C-3
News featufks. Pages C-4-5
John Clagett Proctor. Page C-4
Civic news. Page C-6
Military and veterans’
news. Page C-7
Cross-word puzzle. Page C-8
Fraternal and civic news. Page C-8
Educational. Page C-9
Automobiles. Page C-9
PART THREE.
Society.
Society news. Pages D-l-8
Well-known folk. Page D-2
In service society. Page D-7
Future debutantes. Page D-2
Barbara Bell pattern. Page D-10
Women's clubs. Page D-8
PART FOUR.
Finance, Classified.
Easter volumes best
since 1937. Page E-l
Air line stocks and specialties
gain. Page E-l
Weekly stock summary. Page E-2
Farmers’ cash income
jumps. Page E-l
Morgan heads progressive
association. Page E-l
Metropolitan building up
sharply. Page E-l
Classified advertising. Pages E-4-14
PART FIVE.
Features.
Amusements. Pages F-l-2-3
Stamps. Page F-4
In bridge circles. Page F-4
Dick Mansfield. Page F-4
Kennel news. Page F-4
Radio programs. Page F-5
Books. Page F-6
Art notes. Page F-7
Music. Page F-8
The Junior Star. Page F-l
A
Civil Serf
' '• .!
• y- . £>+rrv~- -*-* -..
SpQ«lsorSays.PropiJ«a
Is Destgnad to Give >
Greater Job Distribution
The provision for reapportionment
of non-civil service positions in an
appropriation bill now before the
House is not Intended to prevent
District, Maryland and Virginia ap
plicants from getting jobs, Repre
sentative Maleoim C. Tarver of
Georgia, in charge of the bill, de
clared yesterday.
“The principal purpose of the
committee," said Mr. Tarver, "was
to prevent two or three States from
securing the lion’s share of non
civil service positions included under
the six titles of this bill. New York
and Massachusetts particularly have
got much more than their propor
tionate share of these positions. New
York State has approximately 23
per cent of all non-civil service Jobs
under the appropriations in this
bill, whereas under the civil service
apportionment they would be en
titled to only slightly in excess of
10 per cent.”
Opponents Disagree.
Opponents, however, declared that
actually the provision would most
adversely affect residents in the
District, Maryland and Virginia who
are employed in a large proportion
of minor unclassified Jobs.
Marylanders, in particular, would
lose several positions with the Na
tional Labor Relations Board. Vir
ginians would be entitled to one or
two more Jobs with N. L. R. B., but
the opponents asserted that they
would probably lose many more in
other departments.
The controversial provision in the
bill is as follows:
“No funds appropriated in this act
shall be available for the appoint
ment of persons to non-civil service
positions in the departmental service
in the District of Columbia unless
such appointment is not in excess
of the quota of apportionment estab
lished in the manner provided by
the civil service law for appointment
in the classified civil service, for
positions (compensated by the funds
in the respective title of this act)
of a non-civil service character.”
Proponents of the provision say
its intent is to set up a separate
apportionment law for non-civil
service people alone and un$ler each
of the titles in the bill under con
sideration.
In other words, they say the non
civil service positions under each
title are to be taken care of as a
separate agency. Title one covers 1
the Department of Labor; title two,
the Federal Security Agency; title
three, the Employes Compensation
Commission (which will not be af
fected by the provision); title four,
National Labor Relations Board;
title five. National Mediation Board,
and title six, Railroad Retirement
Board.
Under the National Labor Rela
tions Board title, as an example, it
is shown that there are 428 persons
not subject to civil service law.
These would come under a separate
setup for the National Labor Re
lations Board without regard to any
other agency. It would set up a sep
arate system of apportionment for
future employes coming into the
non-civil service positions in this
board based upon the apportion
ment of non-civil service positions
already in the board. That means
that if one State is ower-obligated
as far as that one unit is concerned,
it must wait for further appoint
ments until other States have
caught up with their respective
quotas.
Cartwright May Ask
$238,000,000 tor Roads
The Cartwright bill to authorize
continuance of Federal aid for high
ways for the fiscal years 1942 and
1943 will probably suggest expendi
tures at least equal to Federal aid
appropriations in 1938-9 or about
$238,000,000 each year.
This was predicted by Represent
ative Cartwright, sponsor of the
bill and chairman of the House
Roads Committee now considering
it, in a radio broadcast Friday night
from Station WRC.
In the broadcast Charles M. Up
ham, engineer-director of the Amer
ican Road Builders’ Association, in
terviewed Representative Cartwright
and Representative Wolcott, Re
publican, of Michigan and ranking
minority member of the Roads Com
mittee.
Representative Cartwright, in re
sponse to a question by Mr. Upham
as to whether the current “economy
drive” would affect Federal road
aid appropriations, said he thought
not.
Continuing, Mr. Cartwright said
that amounts authorized in his bill
“will probably be about the same
as' those' authorized for the fiscal
years 1938 and 1939.” For each of
these years, Mr. Cartwright said,
authorizations totaled $238,000,000.
I
Stay in U. S. for Best Study,
Viennese Violinist Advises
_-t - " .__ . ;
Ossy Renardy, 18-year-old violinist, who will play with the
National Symphony Orchestra this afternoon.—Star Staff Photo.
The wife of a National Broadcast
ing Co. official, visiting Switzerland,
sat idly listening to a radio.
Through the air from Vienna
came stirring music by a 13-year-old
violinist. "Wonderful.'' ' thought
the American woman, "I must tell
my husband about that.”
That was five years ago. She did
tell her husband about the boy
wonder Vienese violinist when she
came home. Two years passed. The
boj traveled over Europe, winning
acclaim in concert after concert.
Then the N. B. C. official went to I
Europe. In Belgium, he encoun
tered on a concert tour the boy j
violinist his wife had told him about,
heard him play and immediately
signed him to a contract to play in
the United States.
And that is how Ossy Renardy
happened to come to this country
in 1937 and to be in Washington to
appear as soloist with the National
Symphony Orchestra in Constitution
Hall at 4 o'clock this afternoon.
Glad to Be in 11. S.
He is glad to be here. Even before
Hitler took over his native Austria >
this 18-year-old youth who is rated
among the best violinists of his
time had decided to make the United
States his home. He has taken out i
his first papers to become an Amer- 1
lean citizen and is looking forward i
to having his mother and father
join him here this spring.
Renardy’s advice to young Amer- !
leans ambitious to study the bestj
in music is to stay right at home j
and forget what they have heard
about better European training.
“There is a much better field
here,” he says. "The knowledge and !
appreciation of good music is going
up here, going down in Europe.”
While American music develop- \
ment has been .going up of its own I
impetus, the opportunities here have
been increased by the influx of many
of Europe's best musicians and
teachers of music as a result of po
litical upheavals In the Old World,
he points out.
Radio has been a big factor In
spreading knowledge and apprecia- j
tion of good music in this country,
Renardy believes, and it is where
good music is appreciated that good
musicians develop and thrive.
His concert here this afternoon
concludes Renardy’s third concert
tour across this country and Canada.
He will go from here to New York
to make recordings and has not
completed plans for the summer.
No Stranger to Capital.
He is not a stranger to Washing
ton music lovers, having appeared
last summer as a soloist at one of
the National Symphony Orchestra's
Water Gate concerts. He was such
a success then that he immediately
was engaged for today’s appearance.
For his solo number this after
noon, he has chosen Tchaikovsky's
violin concerto in D major.
Ossy Renardy was bom Oskar
Reiss, but adopted the former name
when he made his musical debut in
Italy and was informed that an
Italian name would "go over’’ better
with his audiences there.
His genius for the violin has been
developed by only one teacher —
Theodore Pashkus, who had a studio
next door to the Reiss home when
Ossy was 4 years old. Mr. Pashkus
now is in this country, too, and by a
coincidence is imWaahington. For
eight years. Mr. Pashkus taught the
talented child in Vienna before
putting him before the public.
His debut in Italy in 1933 was the
prelude to a continuous round of
concerts throughout Europe before
he came to the United Etates.
Story President Saw
His Speech Is Denied
By Cromwell
Report 'Wholly Untrue/
Earlier White House
Statement Says
Both the White House and James
H. R. Cromwell. Minister to Canada,
denied emphatically yesterday that
President Roosevelt had foreknowl
edge of the pro-Ally speech Mr.
Cromwell delivered in Toronto Tues
day.
At the White House a formal
statement was issued saying that
published reports that Mr. Roosevelt
received a copy of the address be
fore Mr. Cromwell spoke were
“wholly untrue.” (The report was
not printed in The Star.)
In New York Mr. Cromwell said
in a statement that such reports
were “made out of whole cloth” and
that the views he expressed "were
made entirely on my own responsi
bility,” the Associated Press reported.
Secretary of State Hull tele
graphed Mr. Cromwell Thursday
that the hature of the Minister’s
speech “contravened standing in
structions” to American diplomatic
representatives.
Mr. Cromwell, in the first state
ment he has made since a contro
versy developed over his speech,
said:
"Published reports that President
Roosevelt saw an advance copy of
my Toronto speech or had any
I
Vandenberg Forum Speaker
Republican Senator to Talk on
Controlling Issues in Election
“The Controlling Issues in the
1940 Election” will be defined by
Senator Arthur H. Vandenberg, Re
publican, of Michigan in the Na
tional Radio Forum tomorrow night.
The National Radio Forum is ar
ranged by The Star and is broad
cast over a coast-to-coast network
of the National Broadcasting Co. It
can be heard locally at 10:30 o’clock
through Station WMAL.
Senator Vandenberg frequently
has been mentioned as a candidate
for the Republican presidential
nomination. In a recent speech
he predicted that next November the
American people will demonstrate
they are “tired of life on a flying
trapeze.”
Hie people, according to the Sen
ator, have had enough of “experi
ments that never end and patent
medicines that never cure,” and
they have had their fill of “bureau
crats, boondoggles, barnacles, brain
trusts, ballyhoo and bankruptcy.”
He has suggested a “quarantine
of third-termites” as part of the
program of national recovery.
In his forum speech Senator Van
denberg perhaps will elaborate on
hie recommndation that the Re

SENATOR VANDENBERG.
publicans "scrap the bad, improve
the good and live by the Constitu
tion."
m i
knowledge of Its contents before
hand, are made out of whole cloth.
Such stories are absolutely untrue.
“The views which I expressed on
the contrast between the principles
of totalitarian and democratic forms
of government and their results
were made entirely on my own re
sponsibility.
“Since that address, no one has at
any time been given any reason or
authority to express any views for
me.”
Mr. Cromwell distributed the
statement through his Fifth avenue
office in New York. Efforts to reach
him for amplification were unavail
ing. At his office it was said he
was “away for the week end.’*
Scholarships Available
Seventeen of 44 scholarships to
Worcester Polytechnic Institute next
September are available to the
Washington area. The closing date
for applications is April 1.
Roosevelt Delegates
Really for Farley,
Loser Charges
New Hampshire Man
Defeated in Primary
Assails 'Machine'
B» the AuocUled Frets.
ROCHESTER, N. H., March 23 —
Former State Representative Ru»
dolph G. Cartier, defeated In tha
March 12 primary for Democratic
National Convention delegate pledged
to the President, charged tonight
that New Hampshire's delegates
pledged to Mr. Roosevelt were, in
reality, for Postmaster General
Farley.
Mr. Cartier, who asserted he was
defeated by the Democratic “ma
chine” whose leaders "are and have
been for many years under the con
trol of Mr. James A. Farley,” said
the eight delegates at large and four
district delegates would do every
thing possible to discourage Presi
dent Roosevelt from seeking a third
term.
Three candidates pledged to Mr.
Farley ran well behind the Roosevelt
slate in the primary.
“Every Farley man in this State
knew my position,” Mr. Cartier said
in a statement. "They knew I would
stay by Roosevelt to the end, and
that I would do everything possible
in my power to have him seek an
other term. They knew that should *
Roosevelt decline • • • I would be
for Hull as second choice.”
Mr. Cartier said he was against
Mr. Farley because the latter’s re
ligion would mean “a repetition of
the election of 1928 and for the
Democrats to nominate him would
mean that they are tossing in the
sponge and electing a Republican
President.”
Mr. Cartier also charged that the
religious issue caused the defeat of
Gov. Francis P. Murphy, a Catholic,
as a delegate to the Republican con
vention.
Taft Sees U. S. in War
if Democrats Win
By the Associated Press.
DANVILLE, Kv„ March 53 —Sen- ~
ator Robert A. Taft of Ohio, avowed >
candidate for-the Republican pres
idential . nomination, declared to- ’
night voters faced a choice of re
turning the Republican party to
power or risking the chance that’
“the next great New Deal expert-1
ment may be entrance into tha
European war.”
Concluding a two-day speaking
and sightseeing tour in Kentucky,
Taft made clear in a speech his
belief in a policy of military isola
tion.
"The sentiment of our people is
for peace,” he said, “that was proved •'
in the case of the arms embargo
issue last fall. The Senate has
many peculiarities, I have found,
but its long-windedness has one
great advantage—the people get a
chance to let their wishes be felt.”
Designers Pick
13 Best-Dressed
Women in U. S.
By the Associated Press.
NEW YORK. March 23—Tha
Fashion Academy announced today
its list of the 13 best-dressed women
in America, chosen by more than
100 leading designers.
The list: Stage, Katharine Hep
burn; opera, Lucy Monroe; radio,
Helen Menken; sports, Sara Palfrey
Fabyan; public life. Mrs. Myron C.
Taylor; debutante, Josephine John
son; supper clubs, Hildegarde;
screen, Anna Neagle; comedy, Molly
McGee; ballet, Catherine Littlefield; -
all-American. Gladys Swarthout;
society, Mrs. James H. R. Cromwell;
business. Mme. Helena Rubinstein.
The Fashion Academy, headed by
Emil Alvan Hartman, is a school for
designing and allied subjects. It-,
not only trains designers of clothes,
but gives instruction to men and
women desirous of becoming execu
tives in the clothing industry.
One of. its aims is to make the
public conscious of the merits of
American-made clothes.
District motor accidents during
January and February of 1940 fell
off 467 from the 2.286 accidents dor
i ing October and November In 1939.
Weather Report
(Furnished br the United States Weather Bureau.)
District of Columbia—Increasing cloudiness and continued cold today,
tomorrow, fair and continued cold with gentle to moderate northwest
and north winds.
Maryland—Increasing cloudiness and slightly colder today, followed
by light snow in extreme southeast portion, tomorrow fair and continued
cold.
Virginia—Increasing cloudiness and slightly colder today, followed
by snow or rain on the coast and snow in the interior; tomorrow, fair'
ana colder.
,.West Virgmia-Mostly cloudy, followed by light snow in extreme
south portion today, tomorrow generally fair, continued cold.
** wniurom MB! XI nours.
A disturbance of moderate intensity ex
tends from New Mexico eastward to Louisi
ana. El Paso. Tex., 1005.1 millibars (29.«8
inches), and pressure is still low but rising
J5R ,fnLm New England eastward over
(*9.28 inches). Pressure is low and fall
the ocean. Caribou. Me . 991.5 millibars
r»Dl<11r from the Gulf of Alaska south
Et ‘TSol Washington. Ketchikan. Alas
»!;..10010 millibars (29.5(1 inches. High
pressure prevails over Northern Alaska
R~(2ro7 ih*.wNoLthelLn Mountain
, Southern Plains States
N ln.iTd t,0n^!.*.AppS,lS.chl*n R««>on. Pargo,
2* 1032.5 millibars (30.49 inches).
m.ESr/* J«ir« »tlTeft..bl,h ov*r California.
Sureha. liUH.tt millibars (30.02 inches).
rhr:C,g t.^‘0ni..m.ostlM1''b^h»* occurred in
th* Plains States, the Ohio and Lower
the Lake Region, the Ap
5S*c?!fn Re*i°n »hd portions of the Mid
dle Atlantic, North Atlantic and Gulf
ni^ mn2'lli7H,*tberJh*s heeome colder
EIm ™,°^.m^dlt •?? northern sections
cSuc^r^W^t Gull
& ffiS»fig* «'nOT,11» **“ ot
. . River Report,
it *HarMrs 5??rv^n4?rehrdSTerI
R**wt Until l* P.M. gatariar.
Midnight -25 12 noon SI
2 a.m-3.1 2 p.m_ 32
4 a.m.—--23 4 p.m._**33
« a m-22 « p.m_ 31
8 a.m.-24 8'P.m._ *>«
10 a.m.-27 10 p.m.IIII 28
Tide Tablet.
Oe^fin«1,SS?v.b/.)UnKed 8Ute* C°“‘ *nd
Hi«h-8^V:„.
-2:40 a m. 3:29 a.m.
Pi*b-8:44 p.m. 9:34 p.m.
Low -3:10 p.m. 4:00 p.m.
Tbe San and Mooa.
Bun. today -BiOB***- 0:24**’
Bun. tomorrow_fi:04 B:25
Moon, today .7:45 p.m. 8:28 a.m.
,Jfbu mu*t he turned on
one*ligli hour after sunset.
*»w tw. PndfittiiM.
MbntMr precipitation in Inches in the
Capital (current month to dato):
. Month. 1940. Ave.
January ...-2.12 -
Pebruary_2.77
March -2.94
April _ _
May__
June __
July __
August ___
September___
&-== =
Record Until 10 P.M. Saturday.
agH'ehest, 35, 4:30 p.m. Yesterday yaar
aaofTw1' 22, 8 4m' Toeterday yaar
Record Temperature* This Year.
Highest. 86. on March 20. 1
Lowest, 7. on January 29.
Weather in Various Citiau.
Temperature 7:30
Max. Min. 8at. p.m to
Sat- Pri. 7:30 7:80
Asheville. N. C.--..*®* ST l?' ’
Atlanta. Oa-82 33 54 _
Atlantic City, Jt. J.. 33 20 27 ...
Baltimore. Md- 30 22 29
Birmingham. Ala... 81 33 64 0.01
Bismarck. N. Dak.. 19 _ 17
Boston. Mass- 25 17 20
Buffalo. N Y_16 p n _
Cheyenne, Wyo_ 51 23 30 ...
Chicago HI-21 9 1*
Cincinnati. Ohio_ 33 19 27
Cleveland. Ohio_ 20 12 17 0“.O2
Dallas. Tex- 81 52 74 0.04
Davenport. Iowa_22 10 19 _
Denver. Colo_ 64 28 98
Des Moines. Iowa... 21 8 19 0.81
Detroit. Mich_19 j 16 -
Duluth. Minn_14 .. 9 _
11 Paso. Tex- 74 69 64
Galveston. Tex- 70 55 63 O.Cl
Helena. Mont_ 49 25 45 _
Huron. S. Dak_22 —3 18 _
Indianapolis. Ind._28 13 24 o.oi
Jacksonville. Fla._ 78 62 64 _
Kansas City. Mo... 32 23 28
Little Rock. Ark_ 57 42 44 0.04
Los Angeles. CAif.- 89 55 83 '
Louisville, Kv_ 35 24 30 *
Marquette. Mich_ 10 5 8 0 01
Memphis. Tenn_ 51 40 42
Miami. Fla_ 75 59 71
Mpls-St. P.. Minn.. 11 —3 9
Mobile. Ala- 72 45 81 . 0.88
New Orleans. La... 78 55 70
New York. N. Y. __ 28 18 24
North Platte. Nebr._ 04 19 24 ~~Z
»e.phN.;br >.-: IS }I u
ll ?§ 88
Port and. Me-28 13 ig /fST;
Portland. Oreg_71 44 gg U D1
Rapid City. B. Dak. 23 —3 S3
at. Loula. Mo_ 37 30 (f fii -
Salt Lake City. Utah 70 89 ° .
San Antonio. Tex._. 73 --
San Diego. Calif..,_ 66 —* >
San Pranclsco. Calif. 62 ’ —”
Santa Pe. H. Mex_ 65
Savannah. Qa,_ _ -
Seattle Wa*5.,_.“ —;
gpnnifleld. Hi_ e’M
Tampa, pia__
WaahmgfoB^D'V.i; ™

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