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With Sunday Murnini Edition. THEODORE W. NOYES, Editor. W A S H 1 N GTON, D. C. MONDAY..April 1, 1940 The Evening Star Newspaper Company. Ma n Office: llth S; and Pennsylvania Ave. New Vn: k Office' 110 East 42nd 6t. Ch rago Office: 4.'tA North Michigan Ave. Prices Effective January 1, 1940. Delivered by Carrier—City and Suburban. Regular Edition. fvenmg and Sunday T 5c per mo. or 1 Sc per week he Evening S'ar 45c per mo. or 10c per week The Sunday S’ar 10c oer cony Night Final Edition. Night Final ana Sunday Star SAc per month Night Final Star 00c per month Rural Tube Delivery. Th« Evening and Sunday Star SAc per month The Evening Star _ . 55c per month The Sunday Star 10c per copy Collection made at the end of each month or earn ween Orders may be sent fcy mall cr tele phone National 5000 Kate by .Mail—Payable in Advance. Evlv ard Sunday 1 yr. $12 00: 1 mo . $1 00 Daily only _1 yr.. $s 00: 1 mo.. T.Ac Suncay only-- 1 yr.. $5.00: 1 mo.. 60o Entered as second-class matter post office, Washington D. C. Member of the Associated Press. The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use for republicatinn of ail news Qj.spetches credited to It or not otherwise credited in this tnper and n'jo the local news published herein. All richts of publication of special dispatches herein also are reserved. Stage Play at Nanking Still blind to the realities of her relations with the United States, Japan has carried through with all the niceties of political ceremony the little drama at Nanking, in stalling with all seriousness her puppet, Wang Ching-wei, as Pro visional President and Premier of China. But any illusions under which Japan and Wang may have labored that the United States might recog nize the new regime were exploded by Secretary Hull almost before the Ink was dry on Wang's proclamation, promising a policy of “good neigh borliness” and “peaceful diplomacy.” By putting Japan on notice that the government of Chiang Kai-shek Is the government of China, as far as this Government is concerned, Secretary Hull made it clear that the United States will press as vigorously as ever for the protection of its rights under international law and existing treaties, and that the United States will press Tokio, not Nanking, to respect those rights. Creation of the Wang government exercising authority in all parts of occupied China—with the exception of the three northeastern provinces which are placed under an autono mous regime—therefore does not change the Chinese situation as far as this Government is concerned. Nor will it alter the other salient facts in the Far East, namely, that China will continue to fight as reso lutely as ever, that the Japanese must maintain a tremendous ex peditionary force in China, and that the Japanese people will continue to be as heavily burdened with the costs of war as they have been for nearly three years. Japan hoped that the Wang gov ernment would provide a facade be hind which to conduct its monop olistic machinations without the necessity of justifying each new step to cinch the economic hold on China, i a duty which it was expected to shift i to the shoulders of the Wang gov ernment. Success of this maneuver depends on the willingness of the powers to deal with Wang as the Japanese have required them to do with the Manchukuoan government. The British position in this important matter was placed in some doubt by the conciliatory speech in Tokio last week of Sir Robert Leslie Craigie, the British Ambassador, in which he ex pressed the view that Britain and Japan can co-opcratc for the attain ment of their common aim of peace in East Asia. The British govern ment has denied that Craigie’s ad dres betokened a change in policy, but it is apparent that the position of the United States might be prej udiced if Britain were to lend any kind of recognition to the Wang government. The European war, therefore, may shift the whole burden of maintain ing the policy of non-recognition of forceful territorial changes onto the United States, but also because of the European war the United States holds certain powerful weapons over Japan’s head, weapons which can be wielded immediately should the necessity arise. Japan still wants a new commercial treaty with this country, and the commodity em bargo has been shelved, but not abandoned. Japan’s little stage play at Nanking has been interesting to watch, but the State Department will continue to carry its complaints to Tokio. Voting Machines The claims of Montgomery County to a progressive administration is enhanced by the decision of the county commissioners to use voting t machines in this year's general elec tions. The decision comes after long consideration of the question and careful investigation of the method of voting by machines. Under the current Montgomery plan the machines are to be rented this year. An allotment of $7,500 was made in the county budget for the rental. Eventually, if their use proves successful, the county un doubtedly will buy machines of its own. Under the arrangement made by Montgomery the rent paid this year can be applied on the purchase price if the county decides to buy the voting machines. The cost is rather high, but advocates of the proposal contend that the county saves In the long run through elim ination of the salaries of a number of clerks and tellers. Other factors In favor of the machines include elimination of the long arid exhaust ing hours that election officials have to work and more prompt and accu rate tallying of the results. With the machine system larger numbers of voters can be handled In each precinct and Montgomery, with its rapid growth in population In the suburban centers, faces the alterna tive of using machines or increasing the expense of elections by subdivid ing some of the larger precincts. Baltimore City has been using voting machines for some years with apparent success. The feasibility of mechanical voting also has been demonstrated in various State As semblies, including Virginia. The other fast growing counties near Washington, including Prince Georges and Arlington, will watch the experiment in Montgomery this year with keen interest. In fact, the Arlington Board has before it a request that it provide machines this year. If the voters readily respond to the comparatively small amount of coaching that is required to learn how to manipulate the machines, and if Montgomery finds that the task of financing them is not too burdensome, the others also can be expected to abandon the old hand ballot system in favor of the machines that are more in keep ing with this streamlined, mechan ical era. Scott Circle Although it has been eliminated from the District supply bill on a point of order, the proposed Scott Circle underpass remains one of Washington’s most pressing problems in traffic relief. Calling for ap propriation of fifteen thousand dol lars to draft plans for the four-hun drcd-thousand-dollar project, the item possibly may be reinserted when the bill goes to the Senate. While many objections have been raised against this tunnel, some re garding the expenditure of so large a sum unwise in view of other types of deficiencies in the community’s life, and others opposing on esthetic grounds the topographical changes made necessary by such work, the fact remains that once started, the system of traffic facilitation on Massachusetts avenue and its in tersecting thoroughfares must be continued. When underpasses at Thomas, Scott and Dupont Circles were first proposed, it was assumed the latter would be selected as the starting point. But for reasons of its own Congress designated Thomas .Circle to be first as an experiment. This experiment has proved within a few weeks that traffic is handled easier by such methods, and it also has proved that Scott Circle must be next. As conditions exist at present, little can be done by traffic authorities to prevent rush-hour inconvenience and danger at the intersection of Sixteenth street and Massachusetts and Rhode Island avenues. Pedes trians have a particular interest in clearing this point. Some small re lief might be found in designating Fifteenth street one way with no parking for several blocks during the busy periods of the morning and particularly in the evening, but it would not solve the problem. Once Scott Circle is cleared by separation of its two main channels, however, sufficient relief could be obtained by use of Seventeenth or Eighteenth street to justify delay in tunneling under Dupont Circle. Since half the cost is borne by the Federal aid program of the Public Roads Administration and the other half comes from local funds which are not available for any other pur pose, it is merely confusing the issue to argue that extension of the under pass system is in any way related to other District problems such as the welfare program or a shorter work week for firemen. No Gestapo Speaking from thr same platform, Attorney General Robert Jackson and Director J. Edgar Hoover of the Fed eral Bureau of Investigation have put themselves on record in unequiv ocal terms against the building up of a national system of secret police in the United States—now or in the future. Both reiterated sentiments which they had expressed on various occasions in the past—that there is no place in a democracy for any Americanized version of the Nazi ^Gestapo or the Soviet Ogpu. The pronouncements obviously were in response to recently expressed fears in Congress that the F. B. I., by set ting up a new espionage-sabotage division, was establishing the basis for development of a “super-police agency” designed to pry into the affairs of private citizens for political purposes. Some of the alarm undoubt edly stemmed from irresponsible in nuendoes and criticisms of vague and general nature with regard to wire tapping, third-degree methods and “invasion of private rights,” allegedly by the G-men. Mr. Jackson and Mr. Hoover in dividually and jointly had denied the innuendoes—they never reached the stage of formal charges—in cate gorical statements to reporters and members of Congress. Last Satur day they made their positions more clear before an audience which had special reason to be interested in the rumors. The listeners were repre sentatives of thirty-six police de partments in twenty-six States and the District of Columbia. These officers knew that a great national police force of the totalitarian type would supercede local agencies, in contravention of State rights and in dividual liberties. The chief G-man and the Attorney General seized the occasion provided by the graduation of local police officers from the F. B. I. National Police Academy to de nounce any such fantastic expansion of Federal police authority as unde sirable, impracticable and un-Ameri can. This attitude is shared by a majority of citizens. Because of the confidence which most of these citi zens have reposed in the F. B. I., few of them had regarded very seriously the reports that the agency was beginning to emulate Hitler's or Stalin’s terroristic police, but it is just as well, perhaps, that Mr. Jack son and Mr. Hoover have seen fit to leave no doubts as to their fee1 mgs in the matter. Achievement When President Roosevelt last summer named the poet Archibald MacLeish of Connecticut to succeed Dr. Herbert Putnam as librarian of Congress, there was prompt and more or less violent objection to the nomination. It was argued that he was a radical amateur, altogether lacking in qualification for the post to which he had been designated. But those who knew Mr. MacLeish personally were not disturbed. True enough, he had contributed to “left wing” magazines and had attended no library school. But his friends realized that these were unimportant faults as compared with the endow ment of intelligence, sincerity and earnestness which he possessed. They trusted his imagination and the vitality of his courageous spirit. Also, they had the wit to understand that he had marvelous powers of adjustment. He could meet the op position on equal terms—and tri umph over it. Senators who ques- ! tioned him came away from the en- j counter anxious to vote for his con firmation. Members of the Library staff who had trembled in their boots in fear of his coming emerged ! from his office ashamed of their ( panic. Within a few weeks his bit- | terest foes found themselves ap- : plauding him. now after six months it is plain j to everybody that Mr. MacLeish has justified the President's confidence and merited the public's respect. Whether or not he remains on the job indefinitely may not matter. If he left the Library today, his in fluence would remain a constructive force of durable value. He has set a pace which in itself is a fine achievement. The battle he has waped for necessary increased appropria tions for the purchase of new books, j repairing old volumes, bringing cata loging up to date and especially for adequate salaries for scholars employed in the Library is but one incident in the story of his service. His success in persuading fellow- j idealists like Dr. Luther H. Evans and | Arthur A. Houghton, jr., to collab- j orate with him is further evidence of his genius for doing what needs to be done. French Cabinet The essence of the French govern ment—the thing that makes it tick_ is the Cabinet, an imposing but flimsy bit of furniture which would ' cause Sheraton. Hepplewhite and Chippendale to shudder violently. It is made of every variety of political timber in the republic. One bureau, for instance, may be designed to rep- -j resent the Conservative Left Wing of the Pre-Marx Socialists, and nes- ! tie right next door to another mod- ' eled after the Radical Right Wing Democrats, writh a dozen other utterly incongruous species nearby. The Cabinet is held together by a sort of intangible glue known as a “vote of confidence,” and in extreme cases may remain intact for as long i as a year. Sooner or later, however, a “reper cussion” occurs, causing it to fall apart. The damage is more apparent than real, as the component parts are not injured, but are tenderly picked up, packed in moth balls, and laid aside temporarily on the political shelf to await their turn time after next. The cabinet-maker shrugs his shoulder and gets busy. He sends a telegram to M. Quelquechose at his mushroom farm in the Auvergne, whither he had retired when tossed out on his ear at the Cabinet collapse of 1935. He goes way down into the pickle barrel and revives M. Questce quecest, who had dropped out of the picture in 1924 when accused of trea son. One by one other spare parts are collected and laid out on the floor of the Chamber of Deputies for inspection, and an impassioned appeal made to that body to exude enough confidence to stick the Cab inet together again. After much effort this is obtained, the job is done, and a structure built which is guaranteed to last all the way to the next crisis. Carnegie Institute scientists have discovered that the color of cer tain things can be markedly changed by putting tremendous pressure on them. The contents of father’s purse, for instance, from green to silver and copper-colored. Grapefruit sent from the United States to the U. S. S. R. for planting purposes have survived the Russian winter successfully, it is announced. Gee whiz!—they got them out of Florida just in time. Among the palatable new meat products claimed to have been de veloped by the Department of Agri culture is smoked turkey. Federal research men will be claiming pickled pigs’ feet next as their own idea. Is it not a beautiful and touching spectacle to see Congressmen so ex ercised because their constituents who work in Washington might be subject to three separate income taxes? Recent rulings regarding television by the Federal Communications Commission have a sort of "now you see It and now jrou don’t" flavor. j 'Cassandra' Urges Support of Allies Says Protection of American Interests Should Dictate Our Course in War To the Editor of The Star: I assume the role of Cassandra. I deeply believe that we are suffering, the whole world is suffering, because the United States did not do its full duty t-r.nrd peace after the World War. We have not taken count of our eco nomic force. If we had gone into the League and used our moral and economic power in conjunction with other demo cratic countries surely there is not a nation on earth which could have suc cessfully defied us. As it is now we might do much toward helping the world if we as a people and our Congressmen as our leaders should dare to follow the right and not continue to hedge and refuse to face the in evitable. Should we thus continue, this Troy of mine, this country of ours, will see woe indeed. Mr. Knickerbocker, the newspaperman just back from Europe, in an interview over the radio, expressed his astonish ment at the attitude some of us arc taking. The President of the bank where he keeps his "nickels and dimes” had asked him who sank the Athenia. I heard over short wave from Germany that the English sank the Athenia just as they did the Lusitania, of course to involve America, the Germans would have us think. It’s a queer mentality that would throw out such a suggestion expecting reasonable people to accept it. Is it thinkable that a country would sink its own ships and risk the lives of many hundreds of its own people on the bare chance of involving us? Any one who believes this should go in search of the Wizard of Oz to see if he could get him a brain. Mr. Knickerbocker also said that Eng land has the best cause and the poorest propaganda, while Germany has the worst cause and the greatest propaganda. A very natural thing. Since Hitlers philosophy, as boiled down from “Mein Kampf." is bigger and bigger lies, he and Goebbcls have no trouble in outdoing the world. Over the short w^ave, I hear the calm voice of a German professor holding up for our admiration the peace and quiet which Germany has been able to bring to Central Europe. I hear two German women discussing the arduous task the husband of one has been hav ing while trying to bring order to the people of Warsaw and other parts of Poland. And the Jews-—what scorn she expressed! Of course, there was not a word about robbing the Jews of their property, destroying their churches, hounding them like dogs, murdering them or driving them out pitilessly. There was not a word from the teacher in regard to the shooting of Czech stu dents, imprisoning others, closing their schools and forcing men to leave their families to work in Germany in order to liberate German men for the front. Thousands of Polish men have been taken from their homes for the same purpose. Indeed, Hitler's regime, since the massacres of June, 1334, has shown a brutality and tyranny more like the Dark Ages than modern times. And yet we find people who excuse Hitlerism and criticize England as she stands fighting for her life. Some there be who fuss about apples and tobacco Rnd vent their spleen on England- in spite of the fact that she is girding her loins and tightening her belt to save her people from starvation. Are we too selfish to sympathize with our mother country from which w*e have in herited all that is best in our civiliza tion? New-s comes out of South Amerira that great German enterprises are sending their profits to Germany. Shall we make the way clear for agents in this country to collect and send money by our mail lines to Germany and thus help her to crush all the smaller neu tral nations which are so terrified by her brutality? Shall wre send copper and other minerals to Russia as we did during the Finnish war? Congress haggled and dallied while Finland was being destroyed. Shall we continue this inept policy while our friends are being beaten to their Unees? shall we, for the sake of money, continue to help Japan while she murders Chinese men, women and children, ravages their land and cuts at the very heart of their spiritual life by thrusting opium upon their youth? If we should help the allies now by our economic means the act might save our sons from eventually having to fight Hitler and his combination. • Have you, gentlemen of the isolationist faith, thought over what might happen to us if France and England should be beaten by an unholy alliance? Is there one of you who would wish Hitler, Stalin and their comrades to rule the seas? Even Col. Lindbergh would scarcely look with equanimity on such an eventuality. If the allies should lose, what then? We may not fight. Our fearful Con gressmen may not have to fortify Guam, but will not our commerce have metes and bounds imposed by the con querors ! Perhaps we could refrain from en tangling alliance and dream that we might be the conservators of civilization. We. with our queer mixture of youth and senile decay, our young crudeness in love and marriage, our rapidly falling birth rate, our tragic divorces and broken homes, our loss of reverence and, alas, our lack of faith in God. Shall we sit back in our smugness and watch the titanic struggle and think only of the dollars and cents that might come to us by selling this or that? What shall it profit a nation if it gain the whole world and lose its own soul? MRS. METTA FOLGER TOWNSEND. Lenoir, N. C. March 26. Arlington Democrats Commend Star. To the Editor of The Star: By vote of the Democratic Executive Committee I have been instructed as secretary to convey to you our sincere appreciation of the mos^ accurate re-, ports given in your paper of the activi ties of the Virginia Legislature in Rich mond this session. We wish to commend Mr. Alexander Preston for the most efficient way he hahdled the news. RUTH MARCEY. March 28. ® , 1 • THIS AND THAT By Charles E. Tracewell. "Dear Sir: Just a few words In de fense of the cardinal. I grew up where these birds roamed In great numbers. They are without doubt the most intelli gent as well as one of the cleanest birds. Their location preference is around branches where water is easily available. I have seen them bathing times without number. I have held my hand out with a squirming worm in my fingers and seen them come and take it, holding themselves stationary in the air while taking it. They are unquestionably one of the most interesting and fascinating birds to be found. "Sincerely, M. P.” Probably more people have been led to the study of birds in general by the admiration of the cardinal than through Interest in any other species. The bird, as our correspondent points out, well deserves the respect and love it creates. We are fortunate in the District of Columbia, Maryland and Virginia, be cause we have this flashing sparrow the year around. There are few neighbors which do not have a pair or more. Practically all gardens in the sub urban areas have at least one pair the year around. This means that any observer with even the slightest interest in the yard will come in time to spot the cardinal. From then on he will be attracted to the study of other birds. It is easy in almost any suburban garden to count more than 50 species of birds in two or three years. Not all at once, or every day; the writer here has seen a pair of indigo buntings but once in 10 years. Fox sparrows, those comical scratching fellows, have ap peared about once a year. * * * * The cardinal, however, we have with us all the time. It would be better to say the cardi nals, plural, for there is never a day but we have four or more, sometimes as many as eight pairs. As stated here, other residents of this *rea have counted as many as 36 red birds at once. One reader insists that he had 78. Others, with but one pair, tend to doubt such stories. The fine point is that one pair, even ' one specimen, is enough. There usually are two, however, and few species show more devotion. The care which the male cardinal takes of *he young is observed on every hand. He seems to like his mate very much. Often he sings to her from the treetop. * * * * Common names for the cardinal in clude cardinal grosbeak, redbird. crested redbird, Virginia redbird. Virginia nightingale, Virginia cardinal, Kentucky cardinal, Carolina cardinal and cardinal bird. The two favorites in this part of the country are those commonly used, red bird and cardinal. By whatever name it is called, it is a fine creature, full of pep and fire, so colorful that even the dulleet observer cannot help but see It. The male Is the brilliant one of the pair, with his fiery coat, and black crest, and black entirely surrounding the bill. This peculiar marking, best seen head on. at times gives him a somewhat fe rocious aspect. No one, we feel sure, would be tempted to call the male cardi nal sweet; he Is a real he-blrd, If there ever was one. The female cardinal Is the sweet one of the pair. This comes about not only because she Is gentler in her ways, but also because her colorings are much more subdued. If the male Is a creature of flash and fire, the female is an old-lavender-and lace bird. Her colorings are pastel, but often vivid enough in her way. Both these birds have definite color changes at different times of the year, so that sometimes, at a distance, it is difficult to tell them apart. Young birds, too, have different col orings, from time to time. Often the Immature males, at a little distance, look like females. Not all males, even full grown, are the bright peculiar red which distin guished so many of them, and which made them such an easy mark for the long rifles of the Colonists. Sometimes ; the males assume a much lighter tone, j sort of resembling sassafras tea. Heav- ; ens, sassafras tea! How many persons ' in our great National Capital will drink sassafras tea this spring? We suspect, ! if they do, that they are from the Mid- 1 die West or South. Here is a peculiar taste, indeed, which many persons profess 1 to like. In herbal medicine it once had great standing. Today is is mostly used to flavor other ingredients. It is said i that sassafras tea. with milk and sugar, : was sold in the streets of London until recent years under the name of “sa- | loop." Give me a cup of saloop, please. There are some dozen varieties of cardinal, but most of them are in Mexico. Some of these get into Texas. They have grav-tailed cardinal in Texas, we understand. The real cardinal has been introduced successfully into Bermuda. It is a happy thing for bird lovers that there are plenty of cardinals. It I is a wonder that thev were not ex i terminated, along with the beautiful pas ! senger pigeon. Had they been good ' eating, no doubt thev would have been, j Man is a curious animal, and a hungry one. Cardinals annually devour countless j millions of inimical insects, some of the | worst, and some weed seeds. They also like grains, to a limited ex- ] tent, but their favorite food seems to be the sunflower seeds. This is the way we get them to visit our gardens: A tray i 3f sunflower seed, kept filled spring and [ summer, will keep cardinals around. It is quite a sight to watch the parents | teaching the youngsters to eat sunflower j see(fs. If you feed the cardinals spring and summer you will be sure to have I these finest of birds all winter. Letters to the Editor ' Critic of Franco Disputes Constantine Brown. To the Editor of The St*r: I was much amazed at the content of your recent article in The Star by the esteemed columnist, Mr Constantine Brown, in which he stated that Gen. Franco has, in the short space of a year, re-established the economy of Spain to a point not enjoyed for some years. His sources of information are hardly less than ethereal and should appear so to one of his unusually sound approach to such questions. Even assuming that Mr. Brown has special sources of infor mation (as I have sources which I be lieve to be authentic, for they are ac i tuated purely by humanitarian motives) his report is in direct opposition to the most elementary concepts of logic and I knowledge of simple economics. Even were it true that Franco had the support of the Spaniards and, therefore, found them disposed to continue making sacrifices after nearly three years of war. he still would be in the elementary position of planning. Let us objectively analyze the situation and we will see: 1. Unlike Hitler or Mussolini, who, on their taking of power, found an organ ized state regime, an organized economy, a functioning banking system, an exist ing foreign trade-in short, a function ing nation—Franco found all these de stroyed. The gold reserves of the na tion had been used in three years of Severe war; the livestock consumed; the farms neglected by the farmers, who 1 took up rifles to defend the land granted them by the republic; the bridges and roads destroyed by the, continuous bom bardment of his Italo-German aviators; the rolling stock of the railroads com pletely demolished (the new English loan will not even pay for railroad locomotive replacements); the factories destroyed •or non-workable due to the fact that the skilled workers are either among the refugees or in his prisons. Not least, he found 2,000,000 corpses, which, in a nation the size of Spain represents a blow at the very vitals of its economy, and which would be equiv alent to 12,000,000 in the United States. Thus we see that Mr. Brown’s asser tion as to Spain’s recovery from a horror more terrible than any in the annals of civilization is not even a plausible dream. To what I have just mentioned, permit me to add the following information which I have just received from at least three reliable sources: 1. Franco has in bis prisons 1,000,000 Spaniards, Including all those who in any sense might have been liberal, in cluding professors, doctors, lawyers and priests of the lower clergy. 2. That many of these have never been brought to trial, although some have been in prison for two years or more. 3. Unable to satisfy the people with bread, he gives them terror, and the number of executions continues un abated. 4. This fact appeared in our local press datellned Spain—the Franco govern ment has nullified the minor land re form carried through by .the republic and decreed that all land formerly be longing to the Spanish nobility is re Letters to the Editor must bear the name and address of the writer, although the use of a pseudonym for publication is permissible. Please be brief! turned to them. This means that 15 to 20 dukes and counts once more become the masters of all Spain, and Spain be comes once more “a country of men without land and land without men.” 5. Membership in the Masonic fra ternity is outlawed by decree, and for the sole crime of being a Mason one faces prison or a firing squad. In the prison at Burgos, for example, there are over 300 Masons. I could go on indefinitely giving de tails and examples. I could relate stories that are harsh upon civilized ears, but all would tend to prove one point, viz: Franco desires to carry Spain back a hundred years and to achieve this has descended to the vilest terror imag inable. This terror is so vicious that it becomes imperative for all civilized and democratic peoples to cry out against this blot upon our planet and let their voices be heard in'protest. March 29. ELMER H. ROGERS. Would Let Europe Go Its Own Way. To thf Editor of The Star: Please let me agree with the letter signed ‘•Monitor.'’ so far as it asserts that this country would be presump tious to horn into a peace conference in Europe. But that is as far as I can agree with him, and even so our reasons differ. The less we meddle in the af fairs of Europe and Asia and the more we mind our own business the better off we will be. The hell below the one mentioned by ‘‘Monitor" is the one prepared for those who promote wars in which others must suffer and die. If there is any “right" in the incessant European squabbles no one has ever discovered it. If the people of the European nations are willing to go on slaughtering each other just to make a Roman holiday for their rulers, that is their little red wagon. Right for me means for the U. S. A. to play in its own back yard, and wrong is for the same U. S. A. to get mixed up in other people's wars. Now as for the Republican party—far be it from me to give the G. O. P. advice —let me observe that, while it has made some frightful blunders, if it wants to be right at least once in its career it will stand resolutely for keeping this coun try out of the European mess—and mean it. And if the Democrats want to sur vive they will do likewise. There are about ten million young men, with an other ten million parents, their friends and kinfolks, who will gp gunning for that political party and those politicians that get this country into a war. Those youngsters and their mothers and dads are not going to be ballyhooed and spread-eagled into another war to "make the world safe for democracy.” in conclusion let me add that I am not an “isolationist.” I'm an “ostracism ist." I would cut these other peoples out until they can be peaceable and re spectable. OBTRACISMIBT. March 39. Answers To Questions By Frederic J. Haskin. A reader can get the answer to any question of fact by writing The Eve ning Star Information Bureau, Fred eric J. Haskin, director, Washington, D. C. Please inclose stamp for reply. Q. Where Is the largest gem ir. the world?—H. C. W. A. In 1939 the Smithsonian Institu tion, Washington, D. C., acquired the world’s largest Jewel, an almost flawless crystal of topaz, weighing 153 pounds or 350,000 carats. The gem, which was discovered in the Minas Geraes Province of Brazil, is pale blue on the outside and pale sherry on the inside. Q. What State was the first to have compulsory birth registration?—R. L. A. A. Massachusetts, in 1842, was the first 8tate to pass a law making birth regis tration compulsory. Q. Who selects the winners of the Metropolitan Auditions of the Air?—J. H. M. A. The Judges are John Erskine, Ed ward Johnson, Wilfred Pelletier and Earle Lewis. Q Please give some information about Marie Walewska.—B. B. A. Countess Marie Walewska was the daughter of a Polish squire named Lac zinski. She was intensely patriotic from childhood and from the age of 9 adored Napoleon, who was represented as the potential savior of Poland. At 17 she was married to Count Walewski, 70 years old, by whom she had one son. She met Napoleon and shortly became his mistress and retained her influence over him until his death. After his im prisonment on St. Helena, she married Count Ornano. a devoted friend of Na poleon, and died December 15, 1817. Q. What method of fingerprinting Is used by the Department of Justice?— G. W. S. A. The Federal Bureau of Investiga tion of the United States Department of Justice says: "The fingerprints on file in the F. B. I. are filed according to the Henry system of classification, with our own modifications. This is. of course, a technical subject and cannot be covered by a brief explanation. A complete description of this svstem is explained in the publication entitled ‘Classification of Fingerprints.’ which is released bv this bureau to duly consti tuted law enforcement officers." Q Where is Cape Disappointment?— W. K. E. A. Cape Disappointment is at the ex treme southwest corner of the State of Washington. It was so named as a reminder of the failure of English and Spanish navigators to discover the mouth of the Columbia River. Q. What percentage of the water power of thp United States has been developed? —E. W. M. A. The water power of the United States is estimated at over 80,000,000 horsepower. Of this, about 20 per cent, or 17.948,006 horsepower has been de veloped. Q. Did Mark Twain refuse to buy Al exander Graham Bell's telephone stock? -F. H. A. At the time that Bell offered him the stock, Mark Twain had just emerged from an unsatisfactory insurance ven ture. In some memoranda, made ?0 years later, he said: ”1 said I didn’t want anything more to do with wildcat speculation. Then he iBelli offered the stock to me at 25. I said I didn’t want it at any price. He became eager, in sisted that I take $500 worth. • • * But I was a burnt child and I resisted all these temptations.” Q. What percentage of fatal accidents are caused by motor cycles?—W. D. A. Of the 37.000 motor vehicles In volved in fatal accidents in the United States in 1939, only 890 vehicles or 2.4 per cent were motor cycles. Q. Please give the real name and birthplace of Kay Kyser, the orchestra leader—B. C. N. A. His real name is James Kern K.vser and he was born at Rocky Mount, N. C. Q. What is the most valuable paint ing in the Ringling Art Gallery at Sara sota, Fla.?—P. R. s. A. One of the most expensive works of art in this great collection is the "Bur eermeister of Haarlem." by Frans Hals. Mr. Ringling once refused an offer of *278,000 for the picture from the late Lord Duveen. Q. Is "Gulliver's Travels," by Swift a satire?—W. R. M. A. The book is considered one of the most bitter satires on mankind that has ever been written. In its pages the his torian finds allusions that throw much light on the history of the age and typify the quarrels of the period concerning religion and politics. Q. Where is the Bourne Whaling Mu seum?—W. R. G. A. The Bourne Whaling Museum of the old Dartmouth Historical Society Is in New Bedford, Mass. It was founded by Miss Emily H. Bourne as a memorial to her father, the late Jonathan Bourne, one of the most successful whaling merchants. In the museum Is the larg* est model in the world, that of his favor ite vessel, the Ladoga. Summer Shower While g<*htle summer rain Is falling fast. His sweetest song the merry robin sings, And on its trellis, the rose droops and clings, Frail plaything of the south wind's fitful blast: Its perfume on the wanton breeze is cast That from far places bears upon its wings. The scent of cedar, balm and growing things; Then swiftly as it came the shower has passed. Again and Joyously, as at the dawn. Through rifted clouds, the sun beams forth and spills Its gold on verdant woodland, moor and lawn; Again the good, green earth with new life thrills, And from each dewy hollow, heav'nward drawn The mists go softly trailing up the hills. RUTH ROUNDS LEARN.