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Senators Propose Committee Study Of Townsend Plan Present Pension System Is a 'Worthless Law/ Downey Declares B7 ttM Associated Press. Senator George, Democrat, of Georgia suggested today that the Senate Finance Committee might well begin a study of the Townsend old-age pension plan so that it would be prepared to deal with the legislation if it comes up next ses sion. A proposal for a study of the Townsend plan and a review of the operations of the present Social Se curity !&ct won bi-partisan support in the Senate yesterday. Senator Downey, Democrat, of California made the proposal, con tending that the present old-age pension system “is a futile, idle, worthless law.” He asked that the committee investigate and report to Congress on the system and on the Townsend plan. Several Senators offered encour agement to the Californian Sen ators Lodge, Republican, of Massa chusetts and Lundeen, Farmer Labor, of Minnesota expressed the hope that Senator Downey would obtain an early and complete hear ing on the "general welfare act,” in corporating the Townsend plan. Idahoan Praises Plan. ■ Senator Clark, Democrat, of Idaho Said he thought the Townsend plan was the only one extant which ^promises to keep money in circu £tion and keep the productive plant •f the Nation at anywhere near ca pacity without the vicious counter part of going into debt.” * Senator Minton, Democrat, of In diana broke in to inquire what was ljeing done about the Townsend movement, and Republican Leader VcNary suggested that Senator Downey’s proposal for a special Study be submitted directly to the Senate without the delay of refer ence to a committee. Senator Ashurst. Democrat, of Arizona said he wished to commend the legislation containing the Town send plan “to the Senate and to the country.” He said he believed far. Francis E. Townsend, founder pf the Townsend pension movement, had “hit upon a truth that may be the solution of the financial prob lems of this country—no appropri ation without a tax accompany it.” ; At one point Senator Vandenberg, Republican, of Michigan inter rupted Senator Downey to comment that the social security program en tails “horrible discrimination against the less privileged.” ' $6,000,000,000 Yield Estimated. Senator Downey told his col leagues that the Townsend plan, on *the basis of the present national income, would raise about $6,000, 3>G0,000 a year through imposition of a 3 per cent gross income tax. IThe money, he said, would be dis tributed among 10,000,000 persons •over 60, with payments averaging »50 a month. * At the present time, he said, cjf •je pensioners received an average of $4 a week. “The social security program,” he asserted, “has degenerated into a Scheme fake social dividends Jjmder which we distribute public Jponey in the inverse order of need.” justice Pine Indorses police Boys' Club Drive * Campaign workers in the Police Joys' Club drive to raise $86,000 will Eeet today for their third report ncheon as indorsement came from Justice David A. Pine, newest mem ber of District Court. • Justice Pine added his commenda tion of the “splendid work” of the club to praise already received from prominent Washingtonians, includ ing Mrs. Franklin D. Roosevelt, in a letter to Club President Morris Cafritz. Club members entertained a group Ot the society set and diplomatic <j)rps members with a series of box iag matches in the Tenth Precinct <Jpib last night. The program was 1» honor of Turkish Ambassador Mehmet M. Ertegun and Mme. igjtegun. •Campaign Director L. Gordon Xjech yesterday announced the total amount subscribed by the Initial Guts Committee, the solicitation i$its and members of the police farce had reached $20,370.15. ^Today's report was expected to ajd at least $10,000 more to the total, Mr. Leech said. JThe campaign closes next Monday, lie Boys’ Club maintains five club houses in Washington and a summer e$np on the lower Potomac River. im • - f§Jrk View Group Asks Georgia Avenue Paving 'Slaving of Georgia avenue from I^fttyon street to Quincy street and installation of traffic lights at the idMrsections of Park road and CfMrgia avenue and Quebec place ana Georgia avenue N.W. was asked b£ the Park View Businessmen’s As sociation last night on suggestion ofeCapt. Lloyd Truscott of No. 10 po liftlprecinct. The meeting was held irMhe Georgia Avenue Branch of the c8y Bank, 3608 Georgia avenue N.W. J*pt Truscott, in discussing traf fic conditions, asked that the asso ciation go on record in favor of an other scout car for No. 10 and an additional 18 policemen. Such a mo ti(K was made and unanimously carried. i; E. Nichols, president of the as *<*i|tion, appointed standing com mittees for the present year. Four members accepted into the group were: F. Earl Upperman, A. C. Gambrell, Hyman L. Lytton and GJbfton Porterfield. « __ Oratorical Finals Set Tfuirsday in Alexandria ftlgional finals in the American LMit oratorical contest will be hekk at 2 pm. Thursday at the G&ige Mason Hotel In Alexandria. TQe District will be represented by Aaew Temin of Eastern High School. t®: winner at Alexandria will be senfr-wlth all expenses paid to Law Ttfai, Mass., where another contest wijje held prior to the national finals at Boston. 86lonal Director Homer Chail la«r*will have charge of the Alex anUa contest. Winner of the na tive finals will get a $4,000 scholar ah£<f>resented by Eddie Cantor. | * THE “HEART” OF TELEVISION—This 12-inch iconoscope be ing held by Mrs. Carmenitta Cullers is to television what the ra dio tube is to radio. The giant television tube is one of the many inventions which went on display last night at the patent show in the Commerce Department Auditorium. The exhibit will remain open through Sunday. —Star Staff Photo. Feats of Inventive Minds on Display At Patent Show Commerce Department Auditorium Alive With Interest An impressive display of the con tributions of American inventors to world industrial and scientific ad vancement and the conveniences of modern living went on display last night with the opening of a parade of inventions at the Commerce De partment auditorium. There is interest for everybody in the wide variety of inventions and developments on display at the ex hibit. The show, which is to re main open through Sunday, April 14, is sponsored by the Patent Law Sesquicentennial Committee in co operation with the United States Patent Office and the Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce, and commemorates the 150th anni versary of the establishment of the Patent Olpce. Inventicms wliich make life eas$ and comfortable vie for interest with implements of warfare which permitted killing to develop on a scientific basis. In the lobby are set up the latest anti-aircraft ma chine gun beside a deadly anti-tank gun and the new Garand rifle. De Forest Relic Shown. Nearby is the battered Bunsen burner—a familiar object to science students—with which Dr. Lee De Forest discovered the principle which led to the development of the modern radio tube and thereby helped to furnish entertainment and instruction to millions of people. With the germ of an idea. Dr. De Forest labored 'until he had devel oped a workable tube, a small, fragile piece of glass that is dwarfed by the huge television tube that is it logical descendant. Youngsters will find the invention models displayed in numerous cases of particular interest. Several ex hibits of the development of rail road trains have scale models and there are several scale model Army planes on display. Eye appeal is not neglected. A rubber manufacturer presents rub ber latex bathing suits—complete with pretty girl model—as well as giant tires for airplanes and huge earth movers. One tire made by the company stands more than 8 feet high and costs more than $3,000. Phone Dialing Mysteries Shown. One of the most popular exhibits shows exactly what happens when the dial on the telephone goes around. Arms go up, arms go down and a bewildering succession of things happen to an infinite variety of mechanical parts before the phone at the other end rings. Also of great interest is the device which records the voice, and a fortunate few may even hear a recording of their own voices played back. Lined up in the same exhibit are telephone from the germ of the idea through the crank handle and wall-box era to the swanky colored handsets of today. A displaj of fibers and cloth woven from glass presents an exhibit of unusual interest in another booth. In the same exhibit is a model of the 200-inch telescope lens to be placed at Mount Palomar in California. Beside this item is a new develop ment for America, bright colored Christmas tree ornaments, made in this country only since war In Europe stopped their importation. Another display shows methods of lighting from the pottery lamp of 100 B. C., which burned olive and nut oils, to Edison’s first lamp, made in 1870, and to the modern incan descent and fluorescent lamps. Almost every industry in the Na tion is represented in some way in the exhibit, and Included are a working model of an electric furnace and steel samples from the steel industry, machineiy and products in the textile industry and numerous other displays. _ One Ship Lost in Week LONDON, April 9 UP).—The Ad miralty announced today that the British merchant shipping loss from German action during the last week was only one ship, the 208-ton steam trawler Gorspen. It was bombed. This, the admiralty said, repre sented the lowest British loss since the outbreak of the war. Camels Pull Sleds Camels were used at the Mos cow Zoo in Russia during the win ter to pull long lines of children’s sleds loaded with youngsters. * V Representative Jones Is Named as Judge Of Claims Court Roosevelt Nominates Texan as Successor To Thomas S. Williams Representative Jones, Democrat, of Texas, chairman of the House Agriculture Committee, was nomi nated by President Roosevelt today to be a judge of the United States Court of Claims. Mr. Jones was named to succeed the late Thomas S. Williams of Il linois. The White House sent the nomi nation to the Senate in the absence of President Roosevelt, who is ex REPRESENTATIVE JONES. pected to return from Hyde Park, N. Y„ late today. Mr. Jones has been a member of Congress for 24 years and has headed the Agriculture Committee since the Democrats were returned to power in 1933. Mr. Jones was bom in Cooke County, Tex. He was graduated from Southwestern University with an academic degree and took a law degree at the University of Texas. He served on the Board of Legal Ex aminers for the seventh Judicial dis trict of Texas. For 14 years he was the Texas member of the Demo cratic National Congressional Cam paign Committee. The Texan served in the World War and is a member of the Amer ican Legion. He has been a leader in farm relief legislation. i Appointments Indorsed By Piney Branch Citizens The Piney Branch Citizens’ Asso ciation last night commended three recent District appointments by President Roosevelt—those of J. Russell Young as Commissioner, David A. Pine as • District Court judge and E. M. Curran as United States attorney. The association reaffirmed its stand for a new Wilson Teachers’ College on the site of the old Tuber culosis Hospital at Fourteenth and Upshur streets. G. Leyburn Shorey, president of the association, argued, that the site is ideal for training teachers, in that it “is located right in the j center of a great educational cen ter,” near Dennison School, Powell and Macfarland Junior Highs and Roosevelt High School. The as sociation also reaffirmed its stand against hard liquor stores within 1,000 feet of a church or school building. The meeting was held in the | Roosevelt High School. Cromwell Announcement lor Senate Due April 16 By the Associated Press. JERSEY CITY, April 9.—Frank Eggers, secretary to Mayor Frank Hague, said yesterday James H. R. Cromwell, United States Minister to Canada, probably would announce April 16 his candidacy for the New Jersey Democratic senatorial nom ination. Mr. Eggers said Mayor Hague, State Democratic leader, would re turn here from Miami, Fla, next Monday and that Mr. Cromwell was expected to arrive here from Ottawa the following day to confer with Mr. Hague, Norwegians Here See Test of British Control of Seas Fiercest Naval Warfare Since Nelson's Day Is Predicted By BLAIR BOLLES. Norwegians here, whose legation heard the news of the German in vasion through a telephone call from the State Department at midnight, viewed the developments of the night as the forerunner of a major test of Britain’s control of the seas. Naval warfare was expected of a fierceness unknown since Admiral Horatio Nelson turned back the French threat to Britain’s control during the Napoleonic wars. Not since Lord Nelson’s day has the naval front been so clearly marked. If the Germans should be able to range their navy along the Norwegian coast, stretching for 800 miles from the Skaggerak to the Arctic, the German and British navies will be face to face. The British test would be whether it could prepare the way for British occupation of Norway, the German test whether it could hold Norway as a raiding base against the British Isles themselves. Says Norway Will Resist. The war between Germany and Norway itself is not expected to amount to much, although an at tache at the Norwegian Legation, beautiful, new, white building at the corner of Massachusetts avenue and Thirty-fourth street N.W., insisted that his nation would resist the Ger man aggression with all the power at his command. This power is slight. Until the German-Polish war opened European hostilities on September 1 Norway’s budget provided that only 10 per cent of its expenditures go for defense purposes. ( Since September 1 Norway has been spending 50 per cent of all her governmental outlay on military needs. Norway’s problem apparently is less a military matter than an eco nomic problem for the present. Norway’s food supplies depend chiefly on the trade route to Eng land. As for tne Danes, Povl Bang Jensen, young Attache in charge of the legation in the absence of Min ister Kauffmann, said the national flag would continue to fly over the building despite the German occupa tion. “We shall stay here,” Mr. Bang Jensen said. “The Danish flag and arms will still be out there in front.” Danish Legation Nearby. The Danish Legation is 10 blocks east of the Norwegian Legation on Massachusetts avenue. Next door to it is the Czech Legation, which still flies the Czech flag despite the dis appearance of Czecho-Slovakia as a free nation. The building occupied by the Danes has a dark past. It was the Austria Legation until Austria dis appeared within the German orbit two years ago. The Danes bought the building from Germany. Morgenstierne Sees Welles. Minister Morgenstierne—who has represented Norway here since June 8. 1934, and who is one of the closest friends in the diplomatic corps of Minister Procope of Finland—was busy most of the night after news reached him from the State Depart ment. At about 10 a.m. he drove off to the State Department. There he conferred with Undersecretary Welles for 15 minutes. He told the press he came in search of informa tion. “It s a terrible thing," was all the comment he offered. He missed by half a minute a meeting at the State Department with Hans Thomsen, Charge d'Af faires of the German Embassy. As the Norwegian diplomat emerged from Undersecretary Welles’ office on the second floor Mr. Thomsen, with a consular official from New York he was introducing to a member of the State Department staff, walked down the stairs. The door and the staircase are scarcely 15 feet apart. Norway’s own defense system cen ters around four fortresses—at Oslo (already lost), Oscarsborg, Bergen and Agdenes—wdth the fortress of Kristiansand in reserve. Under nor mal conditions, Norway relies on a national militia as an army, with universal and compulsory service for short periods for all men between 18 and 55. Country Mountainous. Since the Polish war opened Nor way’s military purchases have em phasized anti-aircraft guns. Nor way’s coast is irregular, and the country is so mountainous that any decisive action by land troops is discounted among Norwegians as a practical impossibility. The pre-war navy was developed wholly for the purpose of defending the Norway coast and was never planned for withstanding any sea force of the size of Germany’s or Britain’s. It consists of four ancient 4,000 ton vessels—the Harald Haarfagre, the Tordenskjold, the Norge and the Eidsvold. There is a minelayer, 5 destroyers, 3 first-class torpedo boats and 14 second-rate torpedo boats, 9 submarines, 6 fishery protection vessels and about 20 other ships. Norway’s economic problem arises from the fact that above all she is a shipping coun try. One fortunate aspect, how ever, of her shipping business is that Norway enjoys the financial fruits of the operations of scores of Norwegian tramp ships which never touch in Norway waters. They ply all-the seas, and the profits go to Norway. Pioneers in Many Waters. In this way Norwegian ships have been pioneers in many waters, and through efficient and reliable service they have materially assisted in paving the way for modern culture and commodities to many remote places. Norway undertook this tramp operation as a result of losses sus tained during the last war by Nor wegian shipping in the war lanes. About half of her commercial fleet as it existed at the opening of the World War, in which Norway man aged to preserve her neutrality, was torpedoed or mined. The loss in this manner came to 1,237,000 gross registered tons, and another 500,000 tons was lost in other ways. Norway began replacing this ton nage by building in foreign yards, chiefly in the United States, where almost 1,000,000 tons were con structed. The profits returned to Norway tram this far-flung shipping trade Engineer Tells F.C.C. R. C. A. Has Superior Television System Fly and Sarnoff Due To Testify Tomorrow At Senate Hearing By WILLIAM J. WHEATLEY. The Federal Communications Com mission was told today that the 625-llne, 15-frames-per-second sys tem of television transmission is not the best engineering arrangement for a video signal on the 6-mega cycle channel provided for this service. The testimony came from Harry R. Lube Ice, television engineer and supervisor of television operation for the Don Lee Broadcasting System, a West Coast organisation. This or ganization, it was testified, is not interested in the production of tele vision transmitters or receivers but is conducting extensive experiments as a public service. Mr. Lubcke said the 441-line sys tem, which has been approved by the engineers affiliated with the Radio Manufacturers' Association and which is the system adopted by the Radio Corp. of America, is far superior to the 625-line plan In three aspects—the image viewed by the public, detail, lack of flicker and ability to follow rapid motion. For this reason, he said, the 441-llne system is superior frfom an engi neering%tandpoint. It was R. C. A.’s action in insti tuting a promotional program for the sale of receivers using the 441 line system that prompted the com mission to order its current inquiry, on the ground that the art would be frozen with this lineage if too ma»y receivers were purchased by the public. Senate Group to Hear Fly. Chairman James Lawrence Fly said the commission's hearings would not be halted tomorrow while he is testifying before the Senate Committee on Interstate and For eign Commerce on the Lundeen proposal to investigate the commis sion's latest action on television. He wanted it emphasized that he had asked to be heard by the full com mittee. David .Sarnoff, president of the Radio Corp. of America, has been invited by Chairman Wheeler to ap pear before the Senate group in con nection with its consideration of the resolution of Senator Lundeen, Farmer-Labor, of Minnesota for an investigation of the F. C. C.'s ac tion. There was a distinct showing of teeth at yesterday afternoon's F. C. C. hearing when Chairman Fly directed Frank Wozencraft, R. C. A. general solicitor, who was cross examining Allen B. Du Mont of the Du Mont Laboratories, to interpose objection immediately, if he had any, to the present action of the F. C. C. in holding the current in quiry. Mr. Wozencraft asked that the matter be delayed until!.the cross-examination wgs completed, but Chairman Fly insisted that it be done immediately, in view of the j fact that other counsel for the cor poration were there. > , Col. Davis Reads Statement. Col Manton Davis, R . C. A. vice president, in charge of the legal division, who had been sitting in the spectators' section, stepped to the counsel table and, in a carefully worded state ment, told the commission: “Most certainly we do not chal lenge the jurisdiction of the com mission to fix standards for tele vision transmission, or to make any investigation or collect any facts that might be helpful in that con j nection.'1 Funds Sought for Library Representative Church, Republi can, of Illinois introduced a resolu tion yesterday to authorize a $150,000 appropriation to permit the Library of Congress to buy the William H. Herndon collection of papers of Abraham Lincoln. have made it possible for Norway to cover the inevitable deficit in her own export-import commerce. In order to satisfy her consumption needs, Norway has to import much more than she exports. The trade between Norway and the United States consists, from a Norwegian import basis, principally of untarred cordage, silk stockings and socks, uncleaned feathers and down. Advocate of Unrestricted Trade. As a nation dependent on un tram meled international commerce, Nor way has been one of the chief sponsors of a “laisen-faire” trade policy for the world during the past few years. The "Oslo policy,” as the Norwegian attitude is known— joined by the other Baltic States and Holland and Belgium—is in harmony with the Hull trade poli cies. The war against Germany marks the first time since the final defeat of Napoleon that Norway has been a belligerent. When the Napoleonic wars began, Norway and Denmark comprised a dual kingdom. The British, fearing lest Napoleon use the strategic position of Denmark itself as a strategic base of operation against the British, invaded Den mark and almost leveled Copen hagen. This action drove Denmark into an alliance with Prance. At the Peace of Kiel January 14,1814, when Denmark’s cause had been defeated by the British, Norway was taken from Denmark and handed over to Sweden. In 1905 Norway declared its independence from Sweden. Denmark was the victim of Ger man aggression in 1866 during Bis marck’s Six Weeks War, which re sulted in adding the Danish prov inces of Schleswig and Holstein to his expanding empire. The Treaty of Versailles after the World War— during which Denmark was neutral —turned back these provinces to Denmark. Denmark remained as aloof as possible from German poli tics in the years intervening between the end of the World War and the diplomatic events leading up to the current war. But last summer she signed a non-aggression pact with Germany. The Danish army at the time was tiny. The German army was the largest in the world. The waters off Denmark was the scene in the World War of the naval battle of Jutland, which decided whether the British navy could con tinue its blockade. British losses were heavy but the Germans failed in their attempt to bring their navy out e< the Baltic. VANDALISM—Students at the Peabody School, Fifth and C streets N.E., look through a hole in the wall in the school yard apparently mads.hy vandals. Left to right, looking out of the school yard, are Charles Rector, 11; Douglas Yates, 11; Billy Brown, 10; Robert Wilson, Tommy Carter, 11, and John Camp bell, 11, are in back. The wall separates the school yard from the backyard and *lley of 218 C street N.E. —Star Staff Photo. Changes in Maryland Income Tax Law Urged on Federation Montgomery County Unit Also Hears Board Commended for Budget Three changes in the Maryland income tax law levying 24 per cent on earned and 6 per cent on un earned income were placed before the Montgomery County (Md.) Civic Federation last night by the West moreland Hills Citizens’ Associa tion. Raymond B. Leavitt, Westmore land Hills delegate, introduced the measure, which urged that steps be taken to make the proposed changes at the next session of the Legisla ture in 1941. The changes proposed would eliminate the payment of the income tax in a lump sum, per mitting installment payments; per mit deduction for income taxes paid the Federal Government and place all income up to $2,000 in one cate gory subject to the 24 per cent rate, whether earned or unearned. Mr. Leavitt pointed out that the 6 per cent tax on unearned Income was a hardship on many persons receiving small returns on invest ments. The resolution was re ferred to the Finance Committee for recommendation. Report Commends Commissioners. In a report on the county finances, Frederic P. Lee, chairman of the Public Finance and Budget Com mittee, commended the Board of County Commissioners on the county budget for 1940-1 and its action in retaining the county-wide tax rate of $1.50 per $100 valuation, using additional revenue from the higher tax base resulting from the reassessment to retire outstanding indebtedness coming due during the next fiscal year. The road expenditures next year will be kept within the expected re ceipts from gasoline tax revenues with the exception of about $45,000 to be spent for road equipment and storage space, and at least part of that expenditure will be met from an enlarged contingent fund, he ex plained. Reports on Redactions. After protests on the reassess ment recently completed had been reviewed, the following reductions per square foot were made by the county board, Mr. Lee reported: Battery Park, 2 cents; Edgewood, 1 cent; Huntington Terrace, 2 to 3 cents; Sonoma, 2 to 3 cents; Oak mont, 3 cents for about half the property, the remainder unchanged; Woodmont, 4 cents; Chevy Chase, section 4, 5 cents; Chevy Chase, section 4-B, 8 cents; Chevy Chase, section 8, average of 5 c8nts, and Norwood Heights, average of 5 cents. The assessments in sections 1 and 2 of Chevy Chase were per mitted to remain the same as they had been. The assessed valuation of land per square foot in various typical communities Mr. Lee listed as fol lows: Kenwood, 20 cents except southeast portion; Edgemoor, 15 cents; Battery Park, 13 cents; Oak mont, 5 cents; Highland Park, 15 cents; West Chevy Chase Heights, 10 cents; Rosedale Park, 10 cents; Chevy Chase Gardens, 15 cents; Chevy Chase 'Terrace, 15 cents; Drummond, 15 cents; Somerset, 15 and 12 cents; Blair, 10 cents; Wood side. 7 to 10 cents; Takoma Park, 8 cents average; Sligo Park Hills, 10 cents; Seven Oaks, 8 to 6 cents; Bramwell Park, to a low of 4 cents; Woodmoor, 5 cents; Northwood, 6 cents; Kensington, 8 cents average; and head of Sixteentnh street N.W., 20 cents. Congress in Brief TODAY. Senate: Considers bill to refund operating losses of cotton eo-operatives under Federal Farm Board. Monopoly Committee continues study of effect of machines on Nation’s economy. Banking Subcommittee continues hearings on investment trust regula tion. House: Debates bill to permit removal of Federal judges for bad behavior. Judiciary Committee continues study of Hatch bill. Appropriations Committee resumes relief bill bearings. Agriculture Committee starts de bate ob fans credit legislation. Susquehanna Crest Rises Again With Heavy Rains High Water Mark Expected to Be Below Previous Floods By the Associated Press. WILKES-BARRE, Pa., April 9 — An all-day rain throughout the en tire basin sent the third flood crest in nine days surging down the stricken Susquehanna River Valley today. Forecasters predicted, however, that the high water would be well under the marks set during last week's inundations and would ex ceed flood stage only lit Wilkes Barre and Towanda. 25-Foot Crest Seen. E. A. Hoffman, Red Cross flood consultant, forecast a 25-foot crest here by 6 p.m. today. That would he 3 feet above flood stage and 5'4 feet, respectively, under the two previous crests. At Towanda, up the North Brancn. observers expected a 19-foot crest —3 above flood stage. Although G. Albert Stewart, sec retary of forests and waters, said "we aren't expecting any trouble.” river communities that were just getting back to Normal prepared for a new emergency. The flood emergency headquar ters at Harrisburg went on 24-hour duty again. The Disaster Commit tee of the American Red Cross here, which was to have disbanded yes terday, remained on duty. Other Streams Flooded. Yesterday’s downpour also sent some streams in other sections of the State over their banks. Darby Creek overflowed into the low lying Eastwick section of Southwest Philadelphia, rising curb-deep in some streets and draining into cel lars. The Schuylkill River claimed steadily, but stayed within its banks last night. A sharp rise was pre dicted for today. Weather Report (Furnished by the United States Weather Bureau.) District of Columbia—Fair, cooler tonight, with minimum tempera ture about 39 degrees; tomorrow fair; not quite so cool; moderate north west winds. Maryland—Partly cloudy and cooler, preceded by light rain in ex treme west portion tonight; tomorrow fair. Virginia—Partly cloudy and cooler, preceded by light rain in north west portion tonight; tomorrow fair. West Virginia—Partly cloudy; slightly cooler tonight; tomorrow fair. The disturbance that was over lower' Michigan Monday morning has advanced east-northeastward to extreme Northeast ern New York. Canton. 999.0 millibars (29 SOtnches). A secondary disturbance that developed over Virginia Is moving northeastward, being central on the New England coast with Increased Intensity. Boston. Mass., 999.3 millibars (29. fil Inches), with a trough extending southward off the Atlantic Coast. Pressure is rela tively low over the Rocky Mountain region. Lander. Wyo- 1000.8 millibars <29.79 Inches). Relatively high pressure prevails from Minnesota. Pembina. N. Dak., 1021.3 millibars <30.16 inches), southward to Louisiana. Shreveport. 1020.3 millibars <30.13 inches), and pressure Is high on the middle Pacific Coast. Eureka, Calif.. 1022.7 millibars (30.20 Inches). During the last 24 hours rains have occurred In the Middle and North Pacific States, the Northern Plateau. Montana. North Da kota. the Lake region, the Ohio and Upper Mississippi Valleys and ip the Atlantic States. Temperatures have fallen In the Ohio Valley, the lower Lake region and in the East Oulf and South Atlantic States, while they have risen In the Plains States, the Middle Rocky Mountain region and the North Atlantic States. Report for Last 48 Hours. Temperature Baro. Yesterday— Decrees. Inches. 4 p.m. _ 57 29.60 6 p.rn. - 56 29.58 Mldntcht _ 64 29.58 Today— 4 a.m. - 53 29.58 8 a.m._ 61 29.68 Woon - 65 29.71 Record for Last 24 Hours. (From noon yesterday to noon today.) Highest. 58. 7 p.m. yesterday. Year aco. 67. Lowest, 52. 7 a.m. today. Year aco, 34. Reeerd Temperatures This Year. Richest. 75. on April 4. Lowest. 7. on January 29. Humidity for Last 24 Hours. (From noon yesterday to noon today.) Highest. 96 per cent at 7:30 p.m. Lowest 66 per cent, at noon today. _ . *l»er Report. Potomac River muddy. Shenandoah very cloudy at Harpers Ferry: Potomac very muddy at Qreat Falls today. TMc Tsklci. (Furnished by United States Coast and Oeodetlc Survey.) . Today. Tomorrow. High- 8:59 a.m. 9:34 am. Low - 3:28 a.m. 3:59 a.m. High- 9:21p.m. 9:57 p.m. Low - 4:03 p.m. 4:38 p.m. The Sun and Mean. _ . . Rises. Sets. Sun. today _ 5:41 6:39 Sun. tomorrow_ 5:40 .6:40 Moon, today _ 6:39 a.m. '11:33 p.m. Automobile lights must be turned on one. half hour after sunset. s3ms®**** > Preeieitatlen. Monthly nreeipltatlon In Inchei In the Capital (current month to date): Month. 1040. Avne. Record. January_2.12 3.55 7.83 ’37 February_ 2.77 3.27 8.84 '84 March _ 3.42 3.75 8.84 'PI April _ 2.32 3.27 9.13 '89 May__ 3 70 10.69 '89 June __ 4.13 10.94 '00 July _ ... 4.71 10.63 '88 August __ 4.01 14.41 '28 September__ 3.2* 17.45 '34 1 October __ 2 R4 8.81 '37 f November __i_ 2.37 8.69 '98 \ December__ 3.33 7.66 '01 ' Weather In Tarloaa Citlei. Temp Raln Bsrnm High Low fall. Weather. Abilene __ 30 03 05 48 Cloudy Albany ... 29 53 48 43 0.42 Foggy Atlanta .. 20.97 09 47 0.07 Cloudy Atl. City . 20.59 54 0.08 Cloudy Baltimore 29 05 55 50 2.09 Rain Birm'gham 30.no 04 45 _ Clear Bismarck 20.97 47 31 Cloudy Boston . _ 29.50 53 41 O.flO Foggy Buffalo . 20.65 56 30 0.33 Cloudy Charleston 29.83 73 53 0.02 Clear Chicago . 30 00 4 5 4 0 0.03 Cloudy Cincinnati. 29.94 68 41 Cloudy Cleveland. 29 80 01 36 0.04 Rain Columbia . 20.88 76 47 0.03 Clear Davenport- 30.06 49 38 0.04 Clear Denver 29.88 03 36 _ Cloudy Des Moines 30.09 49 30 ... clear Detroit _. 29.83 58 37 __ cloudy El Paso _ 29 83 76 50 _ Clear Galveston. 30.09 75 60 ~ Clear Helena_ 29 88 66 41 _ Rain ’ Huron 29 97 51 39 Cloudy Indlan’polls 29.97 48 38 0.05 Cloudy Jacks'nvllle 30 03 78 56 Clear Eans. City 30.12 51 38 Foggy Angeles 30.03 70 68 Clouds LouIsviUt. 30.00 55 41 0.01 Cloudy Miami 30.08 80 60 0.5? Cloudy Mpls.-St. F. 30.03 47 32 - _ Cloudy N. Orleans 30’2 72 56 CTear New York- 2n So 54 47 1.90 Cloudy Norfolk _ 29 65 09 50 Cloudy Okla city- 80.09 5.3 36 0.13 Cloudy Omaha 80.06 52 33 cloudy Phllad’phla 29.59 65 51 2.08 Cloudy Phoenix 29.86 80 53 Cloudy PJfshnrgh 29.71 59 41 0.85 Rain PUand.Me. 29.50 42 37 1.19 Foggy P “If Ore. 30.09 57 49 0.32 Cloudy - 29.74 72 52 0.11 aoudy 8t. Louli 30.09 48 34 0.01 Clear S' Vk® 9- 10-1" 00 44 o.ll Rain 8. Antonio 30.00 79 54 aear fan Diego 30.00 68 58 0.02 Rain 8. Fr’ciseo 30.15 84 54 0.01 Oear Seattle _ 30.00 57 49 0.35 aoudy Spokane _ 39.88 58 47 Rain %aBAaS& 58 62 °1M && Pereira Statical. (Noon. Greenwich time, today.) Borta (Fayal). Asorea S3 cloudy (Current observations.) Citizens Ask Police Set Out Red Flares . # At Accident Scenes National Gateway Association Stresses Danger to Motor(sts The National Gateway Citizens* Association at its monthly meeting last night asked consideration of a request that police set out red flares when Investigating the scenes of traffic accidents. The association met at Christ Church, Twenty eighth and Douglas streets N.E. A resolution making the request was referred to the Streets and Side walks Committee. W. H. Wilcox, who moved to refer the resolution to committee, said that in many cases lack pf flares had resulted in serious injuries to persons at the scenes of accidents. The association also recommended the addition of 20 policemen to the 12th precinct, where, association members said, there is a shortage of personnel. Racing Bill Sidetracked. Association action on the Rey nolds bill to legalize horse racing in the District was postponed when the measure was referred to the Legisla tion Committee. Referred also to the Legislative Committee was the Sheridan bill to prohibit making or collecting loans to Government employes on Govern ment property, as well as statements of policy from the Alcoholic Bever age Control Council. Need for the following facilities in the neighborhood was brought to the attention of the group by mem bers: A stop sign at Twenty-sixth and Franklin streets N.E. Bus stops at the intersection of R and S streets with Bladensburg road N.E Curbing and guttering for Chan ning, Franklin and Evarts streets NJE. Sewer Proposed. A sewer at Thirty-third and Adams streets N.E. and on Higdon road N.E. between South Dakota avenue and Thirty-third street N.E. Paving of alleys at Twenty-second, Twenty-fourth, Douglas and Evarts streets N.E. The association was informed a sidewalk would be constructed on the wes tside of Queen’s Chapel road N.E. between Bladensburg road and Queen's Chapel Bridge. The group opposed placing a gaso line station at Thirtieth street and Bladensburg road N.E. On a mo tion of L. M. Green the association contributed $10 to the Metropolitan Police Boys’ Club. Remington-Rand Ends 4-Year Row With A. F. 1. ! By the Associated Press. NEW YORK. April 9—A four year-old controversy between Rem ington-Rand. Inc., and a group of American Federation of Labor unions has been settled. Mrs. Elinore M. Herrick, regional director of the National Labor Re lations Board, announced yesterday that the company would disestab lish so-called “company unions" at six of the company’s plants. The company also undertakes not to discourage membership in unions of the A. F. L. or any other labor organization, Mrs. Herrick sal*.. Nineteen A. F. L. unions are cov ered by the agreement, affecting 6,000 workers. Arbitration was ar ranged for the cases of seven em ployes discharged during 1938. Mauna Loa Activity ! Reported Subsiding j By thwAssocisted Press. HILO. Hawaii, April 9.—Army flyers report activity appears to be subsiding in the turbulent crater of Mauna Loa volcano, which yesterday began a spectacular eruption, the first since December, 1935. Dr. Thomas A. Jaggar, Govern ment volcanologist, said the volcano’s real work in pushing up lava would be done after the spectacular portion of the eruption stopped. Dr. Jaggar said the lava appeared to be only a few feet from the crater's rim on the Hilo side and that its tremendous weight might split the mountain open.