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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, April 09, 1940, Image 2

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Senators Propose
Committee Study
Of Townsend Plan
Present Pension System
Is a 'Worthless Law/
Downey Declares
B7 ttM Associated Press.
Senator George, Democrat, of
Georgia suggested today that the
Senate Finance Committee might
well begin a study of the Townsend
old-age pension plan so that it
would be prepared to deal with the
legislation if it comes up next ses
A proposal for a study of the
Townsend plan and a review of the
operations of the present Social Se
curity !&ct won bi-partisan support
in the Senate yesterday.
Senator Downey, Democrat, of
California made the proposal, con
tending that the present old-age
pension system “is a futile, idle,
worthless law.” He asked that the
committee investigate and report to
Congress on the system and on the
Townsend plan.
Several Senators offered encour
agement to the Californian Sen
ators Lodge, Republican, of Massa
chusetts and Lundeen, Farmer
Labor, of Minnesota expressed the
hope that Senator Downey would
obtain an early and complete hear
ing on the "general welfare act,” in
corporating the Townsend plan.
Idahoan Praises Plan.
■ Senator Clark, Democrat, of Idaho
Said he thought the Townsend plan
was the only one extant which
^promises to keep money in circu
£tion and keep the productive plant
•f the Nation at anywhere near ca
pacity without the vicious counter
part of going into debt.”
* Senator Minton, Democrat, of In
diana broke in to inquire what was
ljeing done about the Townsend
movement, and Republican Leader
VcNary suggested that Senator
Downey’s proposal for a special
Study be submitted directly to the
Senate without the delay of refer
ence to a committee.
Senator Ashurst. Democrat, of
Arizona said he wished to commend
the legislation containing the Town
send plan “to the Senate and to
the country.” He said he believed
far. Francis E. Townsend, founder
pf the Townsend pension movement,
had “hit upon a truth that may be
the solution of the financial prob
lems of this country—no appropri
ation without a tax accompany it.”
; At one point Senator Vandenberg,
Republican, of Michigan inter
rupted Senator Downey to comment
that the social security program en
tails “horrible discrimination against
the less privileged.”
' $6,000,000,000 Yield Estimated.
Senator Downey told his col
leagues that the Townsend plan, on
*the basis of the present national
income, would raise about $6,000,
3>G0,000 a year through imposition
of a 3 per cent gross income tax.
IThe money, he said, would be dis
tributed among 10,000,000 persons
•over 60, with payments averaging
»50 a month.
* At the present time, he said, cjf
•je pensioners received an average
of $4 a week.
“The social security program,” he
asserted, “has degenerated into a
Scheme fake social dividends
Jjmder which we distribute public
Jponey in the inverse order of need.”
justice Pine Indorses
police Boys' Club Drive
* Campaign workers in the Police
Joys' Club drive to raise $86,000 will
Eeet today for their third report
ncheon as indorsement came from
Justice David A. Pine, newest mem
ber of District Court.
• Justice Pine added his commenda
tion of the “splendid work” of the
club to praise already received from
prominent Washingtonians, includ
ing Mrs. Franklin D. Roosevelt, in
a letter to Club President Morris
Club members entertained a group
Ot the society set and diplomatic
<j)rps members with a series of box
iag matches in the Tenth Precinct
<Jpib last night. The program was
1» honor of Turkish Ambassador
Mehmet M. Ertegun and Mme.
•Campaign Director L. Gordon
Xjech yesterday announced the total
amount subscribed by the Initial
Guts Committee, the solicitation
i$its and members of the police
farce had reached $20,370.15.
^Today's report was expected to
ajd at least $10,000 more to the total,
Mr. Leech said.
JThe campaign closes next Monday,
lie Boys’ Club maintains five club
houses in Washington and a summer
e$np on the lower Potomac River.
im • -
f§Jrk View Group Asks
Georgia Avenue Paving
'Slaving of Georgia avenue from
I^fttyon street to Quincy street and
installation of traffic lights at the
idMrsections of Park road and
CfMrgia avenue and Quebec place
ana Georgia avenue N.W. was asked
b£ the Park View Businessmen’s As
sociation last night on suggestion
ofeCapt. Lloyd Truscott of No. 10 po
liftlprecinct. The meeting was held
irMhe Georgia Avenue Branch of the
c8y Bank, 3608 Georgia avenue N.W.
J*pt Truscott, in discussing traf
fic conditions, asked that the asso
ciation go on record in favor of an
other scout car for No. 10 and an
additional 18 policemen. Such a mo
ti(K was made and unanimously
i; E. Nichols, president of the as
*<*i|tion, appointed standing com
mittees for the present year. Four
members accepted into the
group were: F. Earl Upperman, A. C.
Gambrell, Hyman L. Lytton and
GJbfton Porterfield.
« __
Oratorical Finals Set
Tfuirsday in Alexandria
ftlgional finals in the American
LMit oratorical contest will be
hekk at 2 pm. Thursday at the
G&ige Mason Hotel In Alexandria.
TQe District will be represented by
Aaew Temin of Eastern High School.
t®: winner at Alexandria will be
senfr-wlth all expenses paid to Law
Ttfai, Mass., where another contest
wijje held prior to the national
finals at Boston.
86lonal Director Homer Chail
la«r*will have charge of the Alex
anUa contest. Winner of the na
tive finals will get a $4,000 scholar
ah£<f>resented by Eddie Cantor. |
THE “HEART” OF TELEVISION—This 12-inch iconoscope be
ing held by Mrs. Carmenitta Cullers is to television what the ra
dio tube is to radio. The giant television tube is one of the
many inventions which went on display last night at the patent
show in the Commerce Department Auditorium. The exhibit
will remain open through Sunday. —Star Staff Photo.
Feats of Inventive
Minds on Display
At Patent Show
Commerce Department
Auditorium Alive
With Interest
An impressive display of the con
tributions of American inventors to
world industrial and scientific ad
vancement and the conveniences of
modern living went on display last
night with the opening of a parade
of inventions at the Commerce De
partment auditorium.
There is interest for everybody in
the wide variety of inventions and
developments on display at the ex
hibit. The show, which is to re
main open through Sunday, April
14, is sponsored by the Patent Law
Sesquicentennial Committee in co
operation with the United States
Patent Office and the Bureau of
Foreign and Domestic Commerce,
and commemorates the 150th anni
versary of the establishment of the
Patent Olpce.
Inventicms wliich make life eas$
and comfortable vie for interest
with implements of warfare which
permitted killing to develop on a
scientific basis. In the lobby are
set up the latest anti-aircraft ma
chine gun beside a deadly anti-tank
gun and the new Garand rifle.
De Forest Relic Shown.
Nearby is the battered Bunsen
burner—a familiar object to science
students—with which Dr. Lee De
Forest discovered the principle
which led to the development of the
modern radio tube and thereby
helped to furnish entertainment and
instruction to millions of people.
With the germ of an idea. Dr. De
Forest labored 'until he had devel
oped a workable tube, a small,
fragile piece of glass that is
dwarfed by the huge television tube
that is it logical descendant.
Youngsters will find the invention
models displayed in numerous cases
of particular interest. Several ex
hibits of the development of rail
road trains have scale models and
there are several scale model Army
planes on display.
Eye appeal is not neglected. A
rubber manufacturer presents rub
ber latex bathing suits—complete
with pretty girl model—as well as
giant tires for airplanes and huge
earth movers. One tire made by
the company stands more than 8
feet high and costs more than $3,000.
Phone Dialing Mysteries Shown.
One of the most popular exhibits
shows exactly what happens when
the dial on the telephone goes
around. Arms go up, arms go down
and a bewildering succession of
things happen to an infinite variety
of mechanical parts before the
phone at the other end rings. Also
of great interest is the device which
records the voice, and a fortunate
few may even hear a recording of
their own voices played back.
Lined up in the same exhibit are
telephone from the germ of the
idea through the crank handle and
wall-box era to the swanky colored
handsets of today.
A displaj of fibers and cloth woven
from glass presents an exhibit of
unusual interest in another booth.
In the same exhibit is a model of the
200-inch telescope lens to be placed
at Mount Palomar in California.
Beside this item is a new develop
ment for America, bright colored
Christmas tree ornaments, made in
this country only since war In
Europe stopped their importation.
Another display shows methods of
lighting from the pottery lamp of
100 B. C., which burned olive and
nut oils, to Edison’s first lamp, made
in 1870, and to the modern incan
descent and fluorescent lamps.
Almost every industry in the Na
tion is represented in some way in
the exhibit, and Included are a
working model of an electric furnace
and steel samples from the steel
industry, machineiy and products
in the textile industry and numerous
other displays.
One Ship Lost in Week
LONDON, April 9 UP).—The Ad
miralty announced today that the
British merchant shipping loss from
German action during the last week
was only one ship, the 208-ton steam
trawler Gorspen. It was bombed.
This, the admiralty said, repre
sented the lowest British loss since
the outbreak of the war.
Camels Pull Sleds
Camels were used at the Mos
cow Zoo in Russia during the win
ter to pull long lines of children’s
sleds loaded with youngsters. *
Representative Jones
Is Named as Judge
Of Claims Court
Roosevelt Nominates
Texan as Successor
To Thomas S. Williams
Representative Jones, Democrat,
of Texas, chairman of the House
Agriculture Committee, was nomi
nated by President Roosevelt today
to be a judge of the United States
Court of Claims.
Mr. Jones was named to succeed
the late Thomas S. Williams of Il
The White House sent the nomi
nation to the Senate in the absence
of President Roosevelt, who is ex
pected to return from Hyde Park,
N. Y„ late today.
Mr. Jones has been a member of
Congress for 24 years and has
headed the Agriculture Committee
since the Democrats were returned
to power in 1933.
Mr. Jones was bom in Cooke
County, Tex. He was graduated
from Southwestern University with
an academic degree and took a law
degree at the University of Texas.
He served on the Board of Legal Ex
aminers for the seventh Judicial dis
trict of Texas. For 14 years he was
the Texas member of the Demo
cratic National Congressional Cam
paign Committee.
The Texan served in the World
War and is a member of the Amer
ican Legion. He has been a leader
in farm relief legislation.
Appointments Indorsed
By Piney Branch Citizens
The Piney Branch Citizens’ Asso
ciation last night commended three
recent District appointments by
President Roosevelt—those of J.
Russell Young as Commissioner,
David A. Pine as • District Court
judge and E. M. Curran as United
States attorney.
The association reaffirmed its
stand for a new Wilson Teachers’
College on the site of the old Tuber
culosis Hospital at Fourteenth and
Upshur streets.
G. Leyburn Shorey, president of
the association, argued, that the site
is ideal for training teachers, in
that it “is located right in the j
center of a great educational cen
ter,” near Dennison School, Powell
and Macfarland Junior Highs and
Roosevelt High School. The as
sociation also reaffirmed its stand
against hard liquor stores within
1,000 feet of a church or school
The meeting was held in the
| Roosevelt High School.
Cromwell Announcement
lor Senate Due April 16
By the Associated Press.
JERSEY CITY, April 9.—Frank
Eggers, secretary to Mayor Frank
Hague, said yesterday James H. R.
Cromwell, United States Minister to
Canada, probably would announce
April 16 his candidacy for the New
Jersey Democratic senatorial nom
Mr. Eggers said Mayor Hague,
State Democratic leader, would re
turn here from Miami, Fla, next
Monday and that Mr. Cromwell was
expected to arrive here from Ottawa
the following day to confer with
Mr. Hague,
Norwegians Here
See Test of British
Control of Seas
Fiercest Naval Warfare
Since Nelson's Day
Is Predicted
Norwegians here, whose legation
heard the news of the German in
vasion through a telephone call from
the State Department at midnight,
viewed the developments of the
night as the forerunner of a major
test of Britain’s control of the seas.
Naval warfare was expected of a
fierceness unknown since Admiral
Horatio Nelson turned back the
French threat to Britain’s control
during the Napoleonic wars.
Not since Lord Nelson’s day has
the naval front been so clearly
marked. If the Germans should be
able to range their navy along the
Norwegian coast, stretching for 800
miles from the Skaggerak to the
Arctic, the German and British
navies will be face to face.
The British test would be whether
it could prepare the way for British
occupation of Norway, the German
test whether it could hold Norway
as a raiding base against the British
Isles themselves.
Says Norway Will Resist.
The war between Germany and
Norway itself is not expected to
amount to much, although an at
tache at the Norwegian Legation,
beautiful, new, white building at the
corner of Massachusetts avenue and
Thirty-fourth street N.W., insisted
that his nation would resist the Ger
man aggression with all the power
at his command. This power is slight.
Until the German-Polish war opened
European hostilities on September 1
Norway’s budget provided that only
10 per cent of its expenditures go
for defense purposes. (
Since September 1 Norway has
been spending 50 per cent of all her
governmental outlay on military
Norway’s problem apparently is
less a military matter than an eco
nomic problem for the present.
Norway’s food supplies depend
chiefly on the trade route to Eng
As for tne Danes, Povl Bang
Jensen, young Attache in charge of
the legation in the absence of Min
ister Kauffmann, said the national
flag would continue to fly over the
building despite the German occupa
“We shall stay here,” Mr. Bang
Jensen said. “The Danish flag and
arms will still be out there in front.”
Danish Legation Nearby.
The Danish Legation is 10 blocks
east of the Norwegian Legation on
Massachusetts avenue. Next door to
it is the Czech Legation, which still
flies the Czech flag despite the dis
appearance of Czecho-Slovakia as
a free nation.
The building occupied by the
Danes has a dark past. It was the
Austria Legation until Austria dis
appeared within the German orbit
two years ago. The Danes bought
the building from Germany.
Morgenstierne Sees Welles.
Minister Morgenstierne—who has
represented Norway here since June
8. 1934, and who is one of the closest
friends in the diplomatic corps of
Minister Procope of Finland—was
busy most of the night after news
reached him from the State Depart
At about 10 a.m. he drove off to
the State Department. There he
conferred with Undersecretary
Welles for 15 minutes. He told the
press he came in search of informa
“It s a terrible thing," was all the
comment he offered.
He missed by half a minute a
meeting at the State Department
with Hans Thomsen, Charge d'Af
faires of the German Embassy.
As the Norwegian diplomat emerged
from Undersecretary Welles’ office
on the second floor Mr. Thomsen,
with a consular official from New
York he was introducing to a
member of the State Department
staff, walked down the stairs. The
door and the staircase are scarcely
15 feet apart.
Norway’s own defense system cen
ters around four fortresses—at Oslo
(already lost), Oscarsborg, Bergen
and Agdenes—wdth the fortress of
Kristiansand in reserve. Under nor
mal conditions, Norway relies on a
national militia as an army, with
universal and compulsory service for
short periods for all men between 18
and 55.
Country Mountainous.
Since the Polish war opened Nor
way’s military purchases have em
phasized anti-aircraft guns. Nor
way’s coast is irregular, and the
country is so mountainous that any
decisive action by land troops is
discounted among Norwegians as a
practical impossibility.
The pre-war navy was developed
wholly for the purpose of defending
the Norway coast and was never
planned for withstanding any sea
force of the size of Germany’s or
It consists of four ancient 4,000
ton vessels—the Harald Haarfagre,
the Tordenskjold, the Norge and the
Eidsvold. There is a minelayer, 5
destroyers, 3 first-class torpedo boats
and 14 second-rate torpedo boats,
9 submarines, 6 fishery protection
vessels and about 20 other ships.
Norway’s economic problem arises
from the fact that above
all she is a shipping coun
try. One fortunate aspect, how
ever, of her shipping business is
that Norway enjoys the financial
fruits of the operations of scores of
Norwegian tramp ships which never
touch in Norway waters. They ply
all-the seas, and the profits go to
Pioneers in Many Waters.
In this way Norwegian ships have
been pioneers in many waters, and
through efficient and reliable service
they have materially assisted in
paving the way for modern culture
and commodities to many remote
Norway undertook this tramp
operation as a result of losses sus
tained during the last war by Nor
wegian shipping in the war lanes.
About half of her commercial fleet
as it existed at the opening of the
World War, in which Norway man
aged to preserve her neutrality, was
torpedoed or mined. The loss in
this manner came to 1,237,000 gross
registered tons, and another 500,000
tons was lost in other ways.
Norway began replacing this ton
nage by building in foreign yards,
chiefly in the United States, where
almost 1,000,000 tons were con
The profits returned to Norway
tram this far-flung shipping trade
Engineer Tells F.C.C.
R. C. A. Has Superior
Television System
Fly and Sarnoff Due
To Testify Tomorrow
At Senate Hearing
The Federal Communications Com
mission was told today that the
625-llne, 15-frames-per-second sys
tem of television transmission is not
the best engineering arrangement
for a video signal on the 6-mega
cycle channel provided for this
The testimony came from Harry
R. Lube Ice, television engineer and
supervisor of television operation for
the Don Lee Broadcasting System, a
West Coast organisation. This or
ganization, it was testified, is not
interested in the production of tele
vision transmitters or receivers but
is conducting extensive experiments
as a public service.
Mr. Lubcke said the 441-line sys
tem, which has been approved by
the engineers affiliated with the
Radio Manufacturers' Association
and which is the system adopted by
the Radio Corp. of America, is far
superior to the 625-line plan In
three aspects—the image viewed by
the public, detail, lack of flicker and
ability to follow rapid motion. For
this reason, he said, the 441-llne
system is superior frfom an engi
It was R. C. A.’s action in insti
tuting a promotional program for
the sale of receivers using the 441
line system that prompted the com
mission to order its current inquiry,
on the ground that the art would
be frozen with this lineage if too
ma»y receivers were purchased by
the public.
Senate Group to Hear Fly.
Chairman James Lawrence Fly
said the commission's hearings
would not be halted tomorrow while
he is testifying before the Senate
Committee on Interstate and For
eign Commerce on the Lundeen
proposal to investigate the commis
sion's latest action on television. He
wanted it emphasized that he had
asked to be heard by the full com
David .Sarnoff, president of the
Radio Corp. of America, has been
invited by Chairman Wheeler to ap
pear before the Senate group in con
nection with its consideration of the
resolution of Senator Lundeen,
Farmer-Labor, of Minnesota for an
investigation of the F. C. C.'s ac
There was a distinct showing of
teeth at yesterday afternoon's F. C.
C. hearing when Chairman Fly
directed Frank Wozencraft, R. C.
A. general solicitor, who was cross
examining Allen B. Du Mont of the
Du Mont Laboratories, to interpose
objection immediately, if he had
any, to the present action of the
F. C. C. in holding the current in
quiry. Mr. Wozencraft asked that
the matter be delayed until!.the
cross-examination wgs completed,
but Chairman Fly insisted that it
be done immediately, in view of the
j fact that other counsel for the cor
poration were there. > ,
Col. Davis Reads Statement.
Col Manton Davis, R . C.
A. vice president, in charge
of the legal division, who had
been sitting in the spectators'
section, stepped to the counsel table
and, in a carefully worded state
ment, told the commission:
“Most certainly we do not chal
lenge the jurisdiction of the com
mission to fix standards for tele
vision transmission, or to make any
investigation or collect any facts
that might be helpful in that con
j nection.'1
Funds Sought for Library
Representative Church, Republi
can, of Illinois introduced a resolu
tion yesterday to authorize a $150,000
appropriation to permit the Library
of Congress to buy the William H.
Herndon collection of papers of
Abraham Lincoln.
have made it possible for Norway
to cover the inevitable deficit in
her own export-import commerce.
In order to satisfy her consumption
needs, Norway has to import much
more than she exports.
The trade between Norway and
the United States consists, from a
Norwegian import basis, principally
of untarred cordage, silk stockings
and socks, uncleaned feathers and
Advocate of Unrestricted Trade.
As a nation dependent on un tram
meled international commerce, Nor
way has been one of the chief
sponsors of a “laisen-faire” trade
policy for the world during the past
few years. The "Oslo policy,” as
the Norwegian attitude is known—
joined by the other Baltic States
and Holland and Belgium—is in
harmony with the Hull trade poli
The war against Germany marks
the first time since the final defeat
of Napoleon that Norway has been
a belligerent. When the Napoleonic
wars began, Norway and Denmark
comprised a dual kingdom. The
British, fearing lest Napoleon use
the strategic position of Denmark
itself as a strategic base of operation
against the British, invaded Den
mark and almost leveled Copen
This action drove Denmark into
an alliance with Prance. At the
Peace of Kiel January 14,1814, when
Denmark’s cause had been defeated
by the British, Norway was taken
from Denmark and handed over to
Sweden. In 1905 Norway declared
its independence from Sweden.
Denmark was the victim of Ger
man aggression in 1866 during Bis
marck’s Six Weeks War, which re
sulted in adding the Danish prov
inces of Schleswig and Holstein to
his expanding empire. The Treaty
of Versailles after the World War—
during which Denmark was neutral
—turned back these provinces to
Denmark. Denmark remained as
aloof as possible from German poli
tics in the years intervening between
the end of the World War and the
diplomatic events leading up to the
current war. But last summer she
signed a non-aggression pact with
Germany. The Danish army at the
time was tiny. The German army
was the largest in the world.
The waters off Denmark was the
scene in the World War of the naval
battle of Jutland, which decided
whether the British navy could con
tinue its blockade. British losses
were heavy but the Germans failed
in their attempt to bring their navy
out e< the Baltic.
VANDALISM—Students at the Peabody School, Fifth and C
streets N.E., look through a hole in the wall in the school yard
apparently mads.hy vandals. Left to right, looking out of the
school yard, are Charles Rector, 11; Douglas Yates, 11; Billy
Brown, 10; Robert Wilson, Tommy Carter, 11, and John Camp
bell, 11, are in back. The wall separates the school yard from
the backyard and *lley of 218 C street N.E. —Star Staff Photo.
Changes in Maryland
Income Tax Law
Urged on Federation
Montgomery County Unit
Also Hears Board
Commended for Budget
Three changes in the Maryland
income tax law levying 24 per cent
on earned and 6 per cent on un
earned income were placed before
the Montgomery County (Md.) Civic
Federation last night by the West
moreland Hills Citizens’ Associa
Raymond B. Leavitt, Westmore
land Hills delegate, introduced the
measure, which urged that steps be
taken to make the proposed changes
at the next session of the Legisla
ture in 1941. The changes proposed
would eliminate the payment of
the income tax in a lump sum, per
mitting installment payments; per
mit deduction for income taxes paid
the Federal Government and place
all income up to $2,000 in one cate
gory subject to the 24 per cent rate,
whether earned or unearned.
Mr. Leavitt pointed out that the 6
per cent tax on unearned Income
was a hardship on many persons
receiving small returns on invest
ments. The resolution was re
ferred to the Finance Committee
for recommendation.
Report Commends Commissioners.
In a report on the county finances,
Frederic P. Lee, chairman of the
Public Finance and Budget Com
mittee, commended the Board of
County Commissioners on the
county budget for 1940-1 and its
action in retaining the county-wide
tax rate of $1.50 per $100 valuation,
using additional revenue from the
higher tax base resulting from the
reassessment to retire outstanding
indebtedness coming due during the
next fiscal year.
The road expenditures next year
will be kept within the expected re
ceipts from gasoline tax revenues
with the exception of about $45,000
to be spent for road equipment and
storage space, and at least part of
that expenditure will be met from
an enlarged contingent fund, he ex
Reports on Redactions.
After protests on the reassess
ment recently completed had been
reviewed, the following reductions
per square foot were made by the
county board, Mr. Lee reported:
Battery Park, 2 cents; Edgewood,
1 cent; Huntington Terrace, 2 to
3 cents; Sonoma, 2 to 3 cents; Oak
mont, 3 cents for about half the
property, the remainder unchanged;
Woodmont, 4 cents; Chevy Chase,
section 4, 5 cents; Chevy Chase,
section 4-B, 8 cents; Chevy Chase,
section 8, average of 5 c8nts, and
Norwood Heights, average of 5
cents. The assessments in sections
1 and 2 of Chevy Chase were per
mitted to remain the same as they
had been.
The assessed valuation of land
per square foot in various typical
communities Mr. Lee listed as fol
lows: Kenwood, 20 cents except
southeast portion; Edgemoor, 15
cents; Battery Park, 13 cents; Oak
mont, 5 cents; Highland Park, 15
cents; West Chevy Chase Heights,
10 cents; Rosedale Park, 10 cents;
Chevy Chase Gardens, 15 cents;
Chevy Chase 'Terrace, 15 cents;
Drummond, 15 cents; Somerset, 15
and 12 cents; Blair, 10 cents; Wood
side. 7 to 10 cents; Takoma Park,
8 cents average; Sligo Park Hills,
10 cents; Seven Oaks, 8 to 6 cents;
Bramwell Park, to a low of 4 cents;
Woodmoor, 5 cents; Northwood, 6
cents; Kensington, 8 cents average;
and head of Sixteentnh street N.W.,
20 cents.
Congress in Brief
Considers bill to refund operating
losses of cotton eo-operatives under
Federal Farm Board.
Monopoly Committee continues
study of effect of machines on
Nation’s economy.
Banking Subcommittee continues
hearings on investment trust regula
Debates bill to permit removal of
Federal judges for bad behavior.
Judiciary Committee continues
study of Hatch bill.
Appropriations Committee resumes
relief bill bearings.
Agriculture Committee starts de
bate ob fans credit legislation.
Susquehanna Crest
Rises Again With
Heavy Rains
High Water Mark
Expected to Be Below
Previous Floods
By the Associated Press.
WILKES-BARRE, Pa., April 9 —
An all-day rain throughout the en
tire basin sent the third flood crest
in nine days surging down the
stricken Susquehanna River Valley
Forecasters predicted, however,
that the high water would be well
under the marks set during last
week's inundations and would ex
ceed flood stage only lit Wilkes
Barre and Towanda.
25-Foot Crest Seen.
E. A. Hoffman, Red Cross flood
consultant, forecast a 25-foot crest
here by 6 p.m. today. That would
he 3 feet above flood stage and 5'4
feet, respectively, under the two
previous crests.
At Towanda, up the North Brancn.
observers expected a 19-foot crest
—3 above flood stage.
Although G. Albert Stewart, sec
retary of forests and waters, said
"we aren't expecting any trouble.”
river communities that were just
getting back to Normal prepared
for a new emergency.
The flood emergency headquar
ters at Harrisburg went on 24-hour
duty again. The Disaster Commit
tee of the American Red Cross here,
which was to have disbanded yes
terday, remained on duty.
Other Streams Flooded.
Yesterday’s downpour also sent
some streams in other sections of
the State over their banks. Darby
Creek overflowed into the low
lying Eastwick section of Southwest
Philadelphia, rising curb-deep in
some streets and draining into cel
The Schuylkill River claimed
steadily, but stayed within its banks
last night. A sharp rise was pre
dicted for today.
Weather Report
(Furnished by the United States Weather Bureau.)
District of Columbia—Fair, cooler tonight, with minimum tempera
ture about 39 degrees; tomorrow fair; not quite so cool; moderate north
west winds.
Maryland—Partly cloudy and cooler, preceded by light rain in ex
treme west portion tonight; tomorrow fair.
Virginia—Partly cloudy and cooler, preceded by light rain in north
west portion tonight; tomorrow fair.
West Virginia—Partly cloudy; slightly cooler tonight; tomorrow fair.
The disturbance that was over lower'
Michigan Monday morning has advanced
east-northeastward to extreme Northeast
ern New York. Canton. 999.0 millibars
(29 SOtnches). A secondary disturbance
that developed over Virginia Is moving
northeastward, being central on the New
England coast with Increased Intensity.
Boston. Mass., 999.3 millibars (29. fil
Inches), with a trough extending southward
off the Atlantic Coast. Pressure is rela
tively low over the Rocky Mountain region.
Lander. Wyo- 1000.8 millibars <29.79
Inches). Relatively high pressure prevails
from Minnesota. Pembina. N. Dak., 1021.3
millibars <30.16 inches), southward to
Louisiana. Shreveport. 1020.3 millibars
<30.13 inches), and pressure Is high on
the middle Pacific Coast. Eureka, Calif..
1022.7 millibars (30.20 Inches). During
the last 24 hours rains have occurred In
the Middle and North Pacific States, the
Northern Plateau. Montana. North Da
kota. the Lake region, the Ohio and Upper
Mississippi Valleys and ip the Atlantic
States. Temperatures have fallen In the
Ohio Valley, the lower Lake region and
in the East Oulf and South Atlantic States,
while they have risen In the Plains States,
the Middle Rocky Mountain region and
the North Atlantic States.
Report for Last 48 Hours.
Temperature Baro.
Yesterday— Decrees. Inches.
4 p.m. _ 57 29.60
6 p.rn. - 56 29.58
Mldntcht _ 64 29.58
4 a.m. - 53 29.58
8 a.m._ 61 29.68
Woon - 65 29.71
Record for Last 24 Hours.
(From noon yesterday to noon today.)
Highest. 58. 7 p.m. yesterday. Year
aco. 67.
Lowest, 52. 7 a.m. today. Year aco, 34.
Reeerd Temperatures This Year.
Richest. 75. on April 4.
Lowest. 7. on January 29.
Humidity for Last 24 Hours.
(From noon yesterday to noon today.)
Highest. 96 per cent at 7:30 p.m.
Lowest 66 per cent, at noon today.
_ . *l»er Report.
Potomac River muddy. Shenandoah very
cloudy at Harpers Ferry: Potomac very
muddy at Qreat Falls today.
TMc Tsklci.
(Furnished by United States Coast and
Oeodetlc Survey.)
. Today. Tomorrow.
High- 8:59 a.m. 9:34 am.
Low - 3:28 a.m. 3:59 a.m.
High- 9:21p.m. 9:57 p.m.
Low - 4:03 p.m. 4:38 p.m.
The Sun and Mean.
_ . . Rises. Sets.
Sun. today _ 5:41 6:39
Sun. tomorrow_ 5:40 .6:40
Moon, today _ 6:39 a.m. '11:33 p.m.
Automobile lights must be turned on one.
half hour after sunset.
Monthly nreeipltatlon In Inchei In the
Capital (current month to date):
Month. 1040. Avne. Record.
January_2.12 3.55 7.83 ’37
February_ 2.77 3.27 8.84 '84
March _ 3.42 3.75 8.84 'PI
April _ 2.32 3.27 9.13 '89
May__ 3 70 10.69 '89
June __ 4.13 10.94 '00
July _ ... 4.71 10.63 '88
August __ 4.01 14.41 '28
September__ 3.2* 17.45 '34 1
October __ 2 R4 8.81 '37 f
November __i_ 2.37 8.69 '98 \
December__ 3.33 7.66 '01 '
Weather In Tarloaa Citlei.
Temp Raln
Bsrnm High Low fall. Weather.
Abilene __ 30 03 05 48 Cloudy
Albany ... 29 53 48 43 0.42 Foggy
Atlanta .. 20.97 09 47 0.07 Cloudy
Atl. City . 20.59 54 0.08 Cloudy
Baltimore 29 05 55 50 2.09 Rain
Birm'gham 30.no 04 45 _ Clear
Bismarck 20.97 47 31 Cloudy
Boston . _ 29.50 53 41 O.flO Foggy
Buffalo . 20.65 56 30 0.33 Cloudy
Charleston 29.83 73 53 0.02 Clear
Chicago . 30 00 4 5 4 0 0.03 Cloudy
Cincinnati. 29.94 68 41 Cloudy
Cleveland. 29 80 01 36 0.04 Rain
Columbia . 20.88 76 47 0.03 Clear
Davenport- 30.06 49 38 0.04 Clear
Denver 29.88 03 36 _ Cloudy
Des Moines 30.09 49 30 ... clear
Detroit _. 29.83 58 37 __ cloudy
El Paso _ 29 83 76 50 _ Clear
Galveston. 30.09 75 60 ~ Clear
Helena_ 29 88 66 41 _ Rain ’
Huron 29 97 51 39 Cloudy
Indlan’polls 29.97 48 38 0.05 Cloudy
Jacks'nvllle 30 03 78 56 Clear
Eans. City 30.12 51 38 Foggy
Angeles 30.03 70 68 Clouds
LouIsviUt. 30.00 55 41 0.01 Cloudy
Miami 30.08 80 60 0.5? Cloudy
Mpls.-St. F. 30.03 47 32 - _ Cloudy
N. Orleans 30’2 72 56 CTear
New York- 2n So 54 47 1.90 Cloudy
Norfolk _ 29 65 09 50 Cloudy
Okla city- 80.09 5.3 36 0.13 Cloudy
Omaha 80.06 52 33 cloudy
Phllad’phla 29.59 65 51 2.08 Cloudy
Phoenix 29.86 80 53 Cloudy
PJfshnrgh 29.71 59 41 0.85 Rain
PUand.Me. 29.50 42 37 1.19 Foggy
P “If Ore. 30.09 57 49 0.32 Cloudy
- 29.74 72 52 0.11 aoudy
8t. Louli 30.09 48 34 0.01 Clear
S' Vk® 9- 10-1" 00 44 o.ll Rain
8. Antonio 30.00 79 54 aear
fan Diego 30.00 68 58 0.02 Rain
8. Fr’ciseo 30.15 84 54 0.01 Oear
Seattle _ 30.00 57 49 0.35 aoudy
Spokane _ 39.88 58 47 Rain
%aBAaS& 58 62 °1M &&
Pereira Statical.
(Noon. Greenwich time, today.)
Borta (Fayal). Asorea S3 cloudy
(Current observations.)
Citizens Ask Police
Set Out Red Flares
. #
At Accident Scenes
National Gateway
Association Stresses
Danger to Motor(sts
The National Gateway Citizens*
Association at its monthly meeting
last night asked consideration of a
request that police set out red flares
when Investigating the scenes of
traffic accidents. The association
met at Christ Church, Twenty
eighth and Douglas streets N.E.
A resolution making the request
was referred to the Streets and Side
walks Committee. W. H. Wilcox, who
moved to refer the resolution to
committee, said that in many cases
lack pf flares had resulted in serious
injuries to persons at the scenes of
The association also recommended
the addition of 20 policemen to the
12th precinct, where, association
members said, there is a shortage of
Racing Bill Sidetracked.
Association action on the Rey
nolds bill to legalize horse racing in
the District was postponed when the
measure was referred to the Legisla
tion Committee.
Referred also to the Legislative
Committee was the Sheridan bill to
prohibit making or collecting loans
to Government employes on Govern
ment property, as well as statements
of policy from the Alcoholic Bever
age Control Council.
Need for the following facilities in
the neighborhood was brought to
the attention of the group by mem
A stop sign at Twenty-sixth and
Franklin streets N.E.
Bus stops at the intersection of R
and S streets with Bladensburg road
Curbing and guttering for Chan
ning, Franklin and Evarts streets
Sewer Proposed.
A sewer at Thirty-third and
Adams streets N.E. and on Higdon
road N.E. between South Dakota
avenue and Thirty-third street N.E.
Paving of alleys at Twenty-second,
Twenty-fourth, Douglas and Evarts
streets N.E.
The association was informed a
sidewalk would be constructed on
the wes tside of Queen’s Chapel road
N.E. between Bladensburg road and
Queen's Chapel Bridge.
The group opposed placing a gaso
line station at Thirtieth street and
Bladensburg road N.E. On a mo
tion of L. M. Green the association
contributed $10 to the Metropolitan
Police Boys’ Club.
Remington-Rand Ends
4-Year Row With A. F. 1.
By the Associated Press.
NEW YORK. April 9—A four
year-old controversy between Rem
ington-Rand. Inc., and a group of
American Federation of Labor
unions has been settled.
Mrs. Elinore M. Herrick, regional
director of the National Labor Re
lations Board, announced yesterday
that the company would disestab
lish so-called “company unions" at
six of the company’s plants.
The company also undertakes not
to discourage membership in unions
of the A. F. L. or any other labor
organization, Mrs. Herrick sal*..
Nineteen A. F. L. unions are cov
ered by the agreement, affecting
6,000 workers. Arbitration was ar
ranged for the cases of seven em
ployes discharged during 1938.
Mauna Loa Activity
! Reported Subsiding
j By thwAssocisted Press.
HILO. Hawaii, April 9.—Army
flyers report activity appears to be
subsiding in the turbulent crater of
Mauna Loa volcano, which yesterday
began a spectacular eruption, the
first since December, 1935.
Dr. Thomas A. Jaggar, Govern
ment volcanologist, said the volcano’s
real work in pushing up lava would
be done after the spectacular portion
of the eruption stopped.
Dr. Jaggar said the lava appeared
to be only a few feet from the
crater's rim on the Hilo side and
that its tremendous weight might
split the mountain open.

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