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Cloudy with local showers tonight and SI ▲ ~ From PreSS tO rlOrtie tomorrow: not much change in tempera- M , ,, # ture; minimum tonight about 48. Tern- M I < > ^ Within the HOUr peratures today—Highest, 66, at 12:45 B H ■ H MS * p.m.; lowest, 46, at 2 a.m.; 65 at 2 p.m. 1H H Most people In Washington have The From the United States Weather Bureau report. B Star delivered tO their homes every Full details on Paee a-2. B evening and Sunday morning. Cl«in9 New Y.,k fog. 20,^^ Z__ w ...... 88th YEAR. No. 35,049,WASHINGTON, D. C., TUESDAY, APRIL 16, 1940—FORTY-SIX PAGES. *** THREE CENTS. Germans Reported Forcing Way Across Norway by Railway Ruse; Big Allied Expedition on North Sea - X _ Invaders Are Said To Be 3 Miles From Sweden By the Associated Press. STOCKHOLM, April 16.— Rushing on an extra train through a district still held by Norwegians, German troops were reported today to have reached the Storlien Heights, 3 miles from the Swedish border and about 50 miles east of the Norwegian port of Trondheim. The report, if true, Indicates that Germany almost has succeeded in cutting Norway in half at her nar row waist. Strolien is in Sweden, but the heights extend across the border. Reports reaching the Stockholm paper Allehanda said the German advance was made possible by the Nazi coup in pushing the train through the Norwegian area. It was said here that the rail way employes apparently received false information and thought the German train was a Norwegian troop train. The Germans thus passed the Norwegian fortress at Hegra, which Is not of much value in the present conflict because its guns are pointed eastward—toward Sweden. Nazis Driven From Narvik. British and Norwegian troops were reported in joint possession of Nor way's northern iron ore port of Nar vik today after driving its German defenders back into the hills, where they were said to be occupying a precarious position. Recapture of the important Arctic shipping center was announced by Norwegian military headquarters, which added that British soldiers and marines, equipped with light artillery, had landed at several other points on Norway's west coast. The Norwegian communique gave no details of the action around Narvik, but unofficial sources said that German forces which had held the town since last Tuesday had retreated along the railway leading to the Swedish border, about 20 miles away at that point. There were unconfirmed reports that some of the Germans had crossed the frontier and been in terned by Swedish authorities. The landing of the British forces at Narvik was said to have been ac complished under the British naval guns which previously were reported to have destroyed all German naval vessels in the vicinity. Norse Urged to Co-operate. The Norwegian high command's announcement of the recapture of Narvik was accompanied by a gov ernment broadcast expressing con fidence that with the aid of Britain and France “we shall win back Nor way for the Norwegian people.” The broadcast called upon Nor wegian officers to “co-operate to the fullest extent with their British and French allies” and to consult with the allied commanders “to avoid friction and blunders.” The Norwegian troops were warned, however, that the German troops are “numerous and well armed,” ad were cautioned against undertaking “any rash actions.” At the same time, the Norwegian government published a resume of Germany’s original demands for complete submission, which it said were received only after Nazi armed forces had actually begun to invade Norway. The principal demands listed were: 1. Issuance of a proclamation or (See STOCKHOLM. Page A-4.) If It’s News It’s in The Star Yesterday’s amazing story of Germany’s “Trojan horse” coup in Norway, written by Leland Stowe, was the great est single story yet to come out of the Second World War. And it appeared exclusively In Washington in The Star. With exclusive afternoon eervice of the Associated Press, Chicago Daily News Foreign Service, North American Newspaper Alliance and A. P. WIREPHOTO, The Star is equipped to give you—and does give you each day—a full and accurate report of that day’s news from Europe’s bat tleflelds. Yesterday’s Circulation . The Evening Star Mon, April 15, 1940..*159,924 Mon, April 17, 1939—*153,919 Increase__ 6,005 Two years’ increase, 16,123 •Returns from newsstands not de pleted and no samples included. Yesterday’s Advertising (Local Display) Lines. The Evening Star..36,395 ' 2nd Newspaper ..71^446 3rd Newspaper.14,l5g 4th Newspaper .. 13,955 Telephone NAtional 5000 and have The Evening and Sunday Star delivered to your home. [ Allied Help Must Come Quickly To Save Norway, Stowe Says Sees Collapse Unless Big Expeditionary Force Is Landed Within 10 Days or Two Weeks By LELAND STOWE, Chicago Daily News Foreign Correspondent. STOCKHOLM, April 16.—Unless the Western allies land a powerful expeditionary force on the Norwegian coast within 10 ! days—or two weeks at the outside—the limited army of German 'invaders stands an excellent chance of gaining immediate control of virtually all Norway and winning another blitzkrieg. Unless this fact, with all its grave potentialities, is realized in London and Paris, Adolf Hitler may win perhaps the greatest and certainly ^he most fabulous gamble in modern history. The reported British capture of Narvik, although it takes the control of Swedish iron mines out of German hands, in itself will contribute very little toward shaking off the Nazi grip on Central and Southern Norway. The allied powers must get an airfield inside Norway as early as possible in order to land their own planes and protect their expeditionary forces. mere is no airport anywnere nean Narvik, the terrain being absolutely prohibitive for the construction of one. The hilly, unchopped land scape around Bergen has also al ways deprived that great seaport of reliable air connections even with Oslo. But Trondheim has a good airfield in its vicinity. This is why the British must seize Trondheim at all costs. Without a dependable air base the British Expeditionary Force will be at the mercy of Nazi bombers from ;* Fornebo, near Oslo; from Stavanger and elsewhere. Small landing par ties will never be sufficient to seize Trondheim, nor can its narrows and inner harbor be penetrated except by powerful sea forces, inevitably with the risk of costly losses. Nevertheless, the allies cannot jolt the German Army of Occupation until they have stormed Trondheim and obtained an airfield there. After what I saw and learned in (SeeSTOWE, Page A-4.) Germany Presses Her 'Pacification' Of Norway British Cruiser Sunk, Nazis Say, Implying Narvik Still Held By LOUIS P. LOCHNER, Associated Press Foreign Correspondent. BERLIN, April 16.—Germany pushed her “pacification” of Nor way today and hinted it was pro gressing with negligible British hindrance. The high command reported that German bombers yesterday had sunk a British cruiser off the Norwegian coast and also had destroyed a Brit ish amphibian war plane. DNB. official German news agen cy, reported “desultory fire” by Brit ish destroyers yesterday at Narvik— implying that Germans still hold the Arctic ore port. In the German view, Narvik is only of secondary importance, anyway. Any British forces in that region have been decoyed away from the more strategic ports of Bergen, Trondheim and Stavanger, Nazi sources say. DNB said German anti aircraft defenses at those cities have been strengthened because of re peated British air attacks. In an air attack on the Stavanger airfield last night, it said, British bombs destroyed a number of houses and killed an undisclosed number of Norwegian civilians. The only mili tary damage, DNB reported, was de struction of two outdated Norwegian airplanes and quickly-repaired bomb craters on runways. Haakon Called “Captive.” Authorized German sources inti mated that King Haakon VII of Norway, whom they described as the “captive” of his advisers, has one more chance to save his throne—by recognizing the interim government established at Oslo with Berlin's ap proval. This government, it was said, de rived its authority from the presi dent of the Norwegian Supreme Court, who set up the new regime through powers regarded as devolv ing upon him under the Norwegian constitution when the regular gov ernment is unable to function. Such a condition, authorized sources said, now exists in Norway. The explanation of the German position followed an announcement by the German high command re porting further strengthening of the Nazi position in Norway and deny ing that British troops had gained a foothold in German-occupied areas. No Landings Reported. The communique said that “strong” British naval forces, ac companied by troop transports, had been observed yesterday off Narvik and Harsted, 35 miles to the north, but said there had been no attempts at a landing there. Two British planes were reported shot down in raids on Narvik and Stavanger and “pacification” of Southern Norway was said to be "proceeding on schedule.” North of Kristiansand, on the southwest coast, 2,150 officers and men of the 3d Norwegian Division were said to have surrendered after a “short at tack” by Nazi troops. Amplifying the situation with re spect to the interim government in Oslo, authorized sources said that the German Minister, Kurt Breuer, was not regularly in contact with the Norwegian representatives. The government, headed by Ingolf Elster Christensen, former Nor wegian army captain and one-time cabinet minister, was said to be composed of represAtatives of Nor wegian businessmen and scientists. In the German view the new regime was formed “on the assump tion that the King will respect the Norwegian Constitution and give his sanction,” but it was intimated that the government would be recognized even if the King withheld his ap proval. Jt Lord Lothian Says Monroe Doctrine Covers Greenland British Will Not Occupy Territory Unless Nazis Threaten Invasion Lord Lothian, British Ambassa dor here, said today he did not ex pect any British or Canadian occu pation of Greenland unless there was a more definite threat of Ger man invasion of the Danish Arctic possession. The Ambassador said he consid ered Greenland came well within the Monroe Doctrine, so that pos sible Canadian occupation of the island would be supporting prin ciples of the doctrine against ex tension of control in this hemisphere by foreign nations. He added that there apparently was no immediate danger of Ger many attempting , to take over Greenland, however, and that he would not expect Canada or Great Britain to act except to protect the island from possible invasion. Site for Air Base. He pointed out that if Germany should gain control of Greenland it might be made an effective base for airplane or submarine warfare in the North Atlantic, which the allies would be prepared to prevent. Hull Indicates Agreement. Secretary of State Hull indicated at his press conference later that this Government agrees that Green land comes within the scope of the Monroe Doctrine. In response to questions, Mr. Hull said he believed the President indicated the slant of opinion last week when Mr. Roose velt remarked that from the point of view of ancient history and other considerations, Greenland belongs much more closely to the American than to the European continent. The President emphasized at that time, however, that he was viewing the situation more from the hu manitarian than the political point of view. Secretary Hull said he had heard of no plans for extension of United States protection to Greenland, or of any plans for landing forces there by any other powers. Lord Lothian was asked about re ports concerning Greenland when he called at the State Department to confer with Undersecretary of state Sumner Welles and Assistant Secre tary of State Henry F. Grady, who is (See LOTHIAN, Page A-13T) Summary of Today's Star rage. Amusements, B-20 Comics B-18-19 Editorials.. A-10 Finance... A-19 Lost, Found, B-15 Obituary... A-12 Page. Radio_ B-18 Serial Story B-12 Sports . A-16-18 Society.. . B-3 Woman’s Page, B-14 Foreign Germany presses “pacification” of Norway. Page A-l Big allied force moving toward Nor way. Page A-l No people safe from Nazis, Cham berlain warns. Page A-l Help must come quickly to save Norway, Stowe says. Page A-l Landing parties holding Narvik, Norse report. Page A-l National Stark, seeing emergency, urges $45, 000,000 more for Navy. Page A-l Export figures 30 per cent above year ago. Page A-l Administration seen opposed to Lo gan-Walter bill. Page A-3 Washington and Vicinity Baseball scheduled to begin at 3 with Roosevelt pitch. Page A-l D. A. R. Congress turns attention today to reports. Page A-l Commissioners ask restorations in 1041 budget. Page A-l r ' Danish Faroe Isles Are Occupied By British Bt the Associated Press. LONDON, April 16.—With a strong British expeditionary force crossing the North Sea to reinforce the first allied troops reported landed in Norway yes I terday, Britain announced to day she had landed troops in the Danish Faroe Islands as Prime Minister Chamberlain, in a fighting speech, declared Brit ain’s resolve to “crush” Ger many. More men were called to the colors today, the class of 27-year-olds being ordered to register May 25 under King Georges proclamation of January 1, which was expected to increase Britain’s Army to a total of approximately 2,375,000 troops. The 26-year-olds are under orders to register April 27. The arrival of a British expedi tionary force in the Danish posses sions between Scotland and Iceland, was announced to the House of Commons by R. A. Butler, under secretary of foreign affairs. Before Britain thus fulfilled the plan made public last week by First Lord of the Admiralty Winston Churchill, the Governor of the Faroe Islands agreed to the British inter vention to prevent German forces from establishing themselves there, Mr. Butler said. He said he had no statement to make at present about Greenland. Mr. Chamberlain spoke to the Free Church Council but later, in the House, made only the brief an nouncement that Commons would debate tomorrow on the question of strategic location of Britain’s war time industrial plants. He did not make a statement on the war's progress, which some had expected in Commons today. “No People Safe." The Prime Minister told the churchmen that Germany’s invasion of Norway and Denmark showed that “no people, however meek, however peaceful, however harm-' less they may be, can be safe until this mad dog is destroyed.” He repeated his recent declara tion of confidence that "the mon sters of wickedness in Germany” would be destroyed. Reuters, British news agency, quoted Swedish reports of a “con siderable naval battle” in the Skag errak. A Reuters report said Canadian soldiers were included in Britain's army in-Norway, but there was no official confirmation of this. The Admiralty listed 11 German transports and naval auxiliaries, totaling 50,486 tons, as sunk or scuttled in the week's Scandinavian naval battle, and four others, total ing 9,498 tons, captured. Naval sources estimated additional Ger man losses of at least 18,000 tons by British submarine attack. On the debit side, however, the 4,511-ton British steamer StanclifTe was disclosed to have been tor pedoed off the northern Scottish coast Friday with a probable loss of 24 lives; one Scottish trawler was sunk by German air raiders and another is missing. - Stavanger Again Bombed. For the seventh time since the Germans occupied the Norwegian port of Stavanger, British airplanes raided the Nazi air base there last night, the Admiralty reported. A communique said that incendi ary and heavy bombs had telling ef fect and that all the British raiders returned. A later unofficial amplification of the communique said the British subjected Stavanger to continuous attack for almost an hour "during which extensive damage was caused by high-explosiive and incendiary bombs.” This account said that fires started by the first bombers guided later waves to the scene and they scored direct hits on runways. One bomb, it said, burst near the airport con trol tower, buildings were destroyed and aircraft could be seen burning on the field. The allied command's purpose in sending troops to Norway appar <See LONDON, Page A-9.) ‘Blind’ landing equipment set for Gravelly Point. Page A-2 D. C. House group meeting on re organization sought. Page B-l Social Agencies Council elects direc tor, changes name. Page B-l Interfederation asks rush-hour park ing bans on M street. Page B-l Editorial and Comment This and That. Page A-10 Answers to Questions. Page A-10 Letters to The Star. Page A-10 David Lawrence. Page A-ll Alsop and Kintner. Page A-ll G. Gould Lincoln. Page A-ll Jay Franklin. Page A-ll Constantine Brown. Page A-ll Sports Weather alone questionable as base ball bows. Page A-l« Hoyas, Terps to be heavy bidders in Penn relays. Page A-17 Only three winter book choices win Derby in 21 years. Page A-18 Miscellany Vital Statistics. Page A-14 Nature's Children. Page A-14 Service Orders. Page B-5 Bedtime Story. Page B-18 Letter-Out. Page B-18 Winning Contract. Page B-18 Crossword Puzzle. Page B-18 Undo Ray’s Comer. Page B-18 ( WHICH ONE ^ SHALL I THROW OUT FIRST? J *1 # ■ * • V v » # / ' Opening of the Season! Toss by Roosevelt To Open Baseball Season Today Presidential Arm to Fling After Year's Lapse for Nat-Red Sox Clash By FRANCIS E. STAN. President Roosevelt will serve his seventh term today—his seventh term as official opener of Washing ton’s American League baseball show. The husky right-hander, forced to miss a delayed opening game last year, will return on schedule this afternoon at Griffith Stadium and, promptly at 3 o'clock, perform his end of the time-honored ceremonies which were to precede the unveiling of the 1940 Nationals against a favored Boston Red Sox team. Prospects of a capacity crowd were enhanced by the rush of 400 fans, mostly boys, into the bleachers when the gates to those stands were opened at 10:30 o'clock. Fewer than 100 fans were awaiting admittance to grand stand seats, all of which were reserved. Groundkeeper Emil Hayesman re moved the tarpaulin from the play ing field before 9 o’clock and worked his crew of helpers under a warm sun. President Roosevelt, the luckiest Chief Executive for the baseball Senators since William Howard Taft began the practice of inaugurating the American League campaigns in 1912, has failed only once to roll into the stadium in his long, black car, take his place in a downstairs box near the Washington dugout, and at 2:57, give or take a few sec onds, hurl s baseball into a scram bling crowd of ball players. The President missed last year, after the Nationals’ opening game against the world champion New York Yankees was postponed for three days by inclement weather and an out-of-town series. It was the first time since 1933 that he had failed to appear. The Nationals lost in a 6-to-3 contest. Both as President and while serv ing as Assistant Secretary of the Navy, Mr. Roosevelt has witnessed approximately a dozen Washington ball games, all except one openers of new seasons. Only once, in 1937, did he watch the Nationals go down to defeat. Either he remained to see them triumph or was forced to leave the park, before the club lost. The last time he presided at an opening game was in 1938, when Washington defeated Philadelphia. In 1933 the only game he saw in the world series between the Senators and the New York Giants was the only contest won by Washington. More than a dozen friends and aides, including Franklin D. Roose velt, Jr., were scheduled to accom pany President Roosevelt to Griffith Stadium. In the party: Brig. Gen. Edwin M. Watson, Stephen T. Early and William D. Hassett, secretaries to the President; Naval Aide Capt. Daniel J. Callaghan, Dr. Ross T. Mclntire, Rudolph Forster and the President's three administrative as sistants, James Rowe, Lauchlin Cur rie and W. H. McReynolds. Accompanying the President’s son were three friends. Meanwhile, with one eye cocked on the sun, official and unofficial Washington prepared to beat a path to Griffith Stadium today. Vice (See BASEBALL, Page A-T) Electioneering Banned During G. M. Elections By the Auociited Press. DETROIT* April 16.—Prank H. Bowen, National Labor Relations Board regional director, said today A. P. L. and C. I. O. unions Involved in tomorrow’s General Motors Corp. employes’ election have agreed to cease all electioneering at midnight tonight. Wearing of badges, caps or shirts with union slogans or names on them will be prohibited in the plants tomorrow, Mr, Bowen said. Revised eligibility lists for the elec tion, largest in N. L. R. B. history, indicate a possible total vote of 137,000. More than 90,000 eligible voters are employed in 30 Michigan G. M. plants. In most of the 59 G. M. plants where elections will be held the worker is given a choice between the United Automobile Workers (C. L O.). the U. A. W. (A. P. L.) or neither union. ^B Northern Norway Ignored by German War Maps By the Associated Press. BERLIN, April 16.—So far as German newspapers are con cerned Northern Norway ap parently has ceased to exist since the British fleet closed in on Narvik. War maps published in the Berlin papers show only South ern Norway as far north as Trondheim, which is the area most stoutly held by the Ger mans. Commissioners Ask $633,895 Restoration In Next Year's Budget Senate Is Urged to Approve Items That Were Deleted by House By J. A. O’LEARY. The Commissioners today asked the Senate to restore to the 1941 District supply bill $633,859 for a variety of budget items eliminated by the House, which, if allowed, would bring the total of the measure up close to $49,000,000. The changes favored by the city heads were laid before Chairman Overton of the District Appropria tions Subcommittee by Budget Offi cer Daniel J. Donovan. After this informal conference, Senator Overton announced execu tive hearings on the bill will start at 10 a m. Monday and continue probably all next week. Since the District already faced a probable deficit in its general fund of $800,000 on June 30. 1941. under the House total of $48,276,717. any increases the Senate makes will add to the deficit. The Restorations. Of the restorations requested by the Commissioners, $297,370 would be chargeable to the highway and water funds, in which there is no deficit problem. The remainder, $336,489, however, is for general fund items and if all of these are al lowed the Senate bill would bring next year's deficit up to $1,036,000. The District has authority to ob tain advances from the Treasury in such an emergency, but such ad vances would have to be paid back later. The extent of the deficit will be easier to determine when the hear ings start next wc»k, because Dis trict officals hope by *hat time to have an estimate of the first collec tions, due yesterday, under the new personal income tax law. Tax Yield Estimate. Maj. Donovan Indicated today he is still figuring on the earlier esti mate of a total yield of $3,200,000 from both the corporate and per sonal Income taxes. According to District officials the impending deficit for the coming fis cal year is largely a result of the recent law splitting income tax pay ments into two installments. By making the payment dates April 15 and October 15, the annual levy will always be divided between two fiscal years, since the fiscal year starts July 1. It is understood the list of items the Commissioners asked be re stored includes $15,000 for prelim inary survevys for another traffic underpass, at Scott Circle, to tie in with the one recently completed at Thomas Circle. Fire Turns School Out VICTOR, Idaho, April 16 (JP).— School’s out already for 230 pupils In this Idaho-Wyoming border vil lage. Fire destroyed the town’s only schoolhouse. James Kunz, School Board chairman, dismissed classes until autumn. Bulletin BUCHAREST, April 16 (/P).— Navy Minister Paul Teodorescu introduced a MU in the Chamber of Deputies late today calling for the immediate application of "extraordinary military meas ures” in aU Rumanian ports and territorial waters. The reasons for and significance of the bill were not immediately disclosed. It was introduced as Rumania’s relations with Germany were again in a critical stage. 1 Earlier Story on Page A-5.) D. A. R. Urged to Take Vital Role in Fight On 'Ruthless Hate' Mrs. Becker Stresses Need for Moral and Spiritual Revival The Daughters of the American Revolution, launching the first work-day of their 49th Continental Congress, today were urged by one of their former presidents general to pledge themselves against the “ruthless hate” and “brutal force” abounding in the world and to press forward a "moral and spiritual re vival.” Mrs. William A. Becker, one of the six former presidents general to greet more than 4.000 delegates in Constitution Hall, declared that for today’s needs religion must take a “dominant and vital role” and that mere change of “social machinery” accomplishes little. “Advocates of a new and more progressive America,” Mrs. Becker emphasized, "regard social reform as all important, but it is valueless unless built on the firm foundation of character—the moral and spir itual integrity of a people.” Mrs. Henry M. Robert, jr., the president general, told the dele gates in her annual report that they should count their membership in the D. A. R. “among your blessings in this troubled year.” Foresight and Courage. “During the year,” she said, “you have seen many who have formerly doubted the justification of the so ciety's position in urging that the menaces of our free institutions and our American way of life be brought into the light, change their opinion to one of respect for the society's foresight and courage.” Mrs. Robert added that there still are those “who misunderstand, those who think our membership and policies are antiquated.” To instill in this group recognition of the D. A. R. as a "benefactor of our Nation,” Mrs. Robert called on the members to act with “courage and co-operation” and with the "con sentrated purpose of placing the so ciety always above its members.” Mrs. Robert said her official visits during the last year have included travels of'•more than 35,000 miles, with addresses made in 31 States. In her discussion of the activities of the State societies incident to the celebration of the D. A. R. Golden Jubilee, Mrs. Robert reported that more than $170,000 in projects al ready had been made known and added that societies which have not announced their prospective ac tivities would increase this figure by several thousand dollars. Urged to Reread History Mrs. Leland Stanford Duxbury, historian general, challenged the delegates to reread their American history, adding that “historical short-sightedness is decidedly out of date.” She commended the State histo rians for their “unusual work” dur ing the year and pointed to a large number of historical projects now under way throughout the country. Mrs. Duxbury said 969 chapters co-operated with other historical societies, gave aid to the formation of new historical societies and as sisted with Federal projects. More than 1,500 history pageants, plays and exhibits were given while 410 sketches and plays were written by members, she said, adding that 1.009 chapters celebrated historical anni versaries during the 12-month period. The standing rules for the conduct of the Congress were adopted with out objection at the suggestion of (Continued on Page A-3, Column 1.) Nudity Is Banished From London Stages By the Auoclatcd Pres*. LONDON, April 16.—Leaders of the London entertainment world agreed today to ban nudity as an amusement spectacle. The agreement, reached In a conference with the Earl of Clar endon, lord chamberlain, the offi cial guardian of public morals, was considered a preliminary to a for mal edict against nudist and "strip tease” shows at London theaters and night clubs. London chorus girls who had raised an outcry against “strip tease” acts were barred from the confer ence. Increased Fund For Navy Urged In 'Emergency' Stark Declares $45,000,000 More Is Needed By the Associated Press. Declaring the United States faced an emergency situation, Admiral Harold R. Stark rec ommended today that Congress appropriate $45,000,000 more for the Navy than the $965,000,000 voted by the House. The chief of naval operations pro posed the increase at a Senate Naval Committee hearing on other legisla tion which would authorize, but not provide funds for, a $655,000,000 <11 per cent) expansion of the Navy’s shipbuilding program. Questioned on Emergency. Asked by Senator Johnson. Re publican, of California whether he thought an emergency now existed, Admiral Stark replied: “In my opinion, an emergency exists when our relative position is continually becoming weaker, as it is now.” Of the additional $45,000,000 which Admiral Stark recommended for ap propriation $18,000,000 would be for ship facilities on shore and $27,400, 000 for shipbuilding. This would provide, he indicated, for laying the keels of 4 cruisers, 13 destroyers and 8 submarines in the fiscal year beginning next July 1. German Building Cited. In support of its contention that the battleship remains the backbone of the fleet, the Navy advised the committee in writing to supplement Admiral Stark's testimony that Germany recently has completed two new battleships and is building four more, despite its preponderance of air power. Also, it was stated that Germany’s air power has not seriously affected British control of world sea lanes. Responding to questions put by Chairman Walsh of the Naval Af fairs Committee, the Navy touched these additional high points: 1. Army tests have disclosed that the explosive used in liquid-oxygen bombs is no more powerful than the TNT used by United States forces in bombs, mines and torpedoes. 2. United States naval aircraft are felt to be superior to foreign naval aircraft based on and operated from ships. j 3. This country is “considerably in advance” of foreign powers in developments of aerial bomb sights j and bombing accuracy. 4. The Navy is three years ahead of its aircraft procurement program, as laid down in the expansion bill of 1938. Asked whether more efficient aerial bombing had tended to make surface ships obsolete, the Navy said Germany’s air superiority had not upset British sea control, and it cited a table of battleship building as proof that all major powers were constructing superdreadnaughts. Japan Building 8 Ships. In addition to Germany, this table showed Italy as having recently completed two battleships, and building two more. Japan was listed as building eight battleships, Great Britain nine. France four with two recently completed, and the United States eight. "Manifestly,” the Navy said, "all naval powers have given serious con sideration to the effectiveness and relative security (ability to remain effective) of naval ships against all threats contemplated under the con ditions of their employment in war. It is significant that all are con tinuing their naval building pro grams. "The heavily gunned and heavily armored battleship, built to with stand the plunging fire of the heav iest armor-piercing projectiles, is least affected by air developments. Even admitting the practicability of accurate bombing in the face of de termined resistance of air forces and anti-aircraft weapons, the heavy bomb, with its restricted ability to penetrate armor plate, is certainly less potent than the heavy shell.” Yesterday the committee had made public Navy replies to a pre vious group of questions asked by Senator Walsh, which brought out that naval policy-makers are inter ested in adding a Southeastern Caribbean base to the far-flung guard posts of the Panama Canal. "A fleet airbase in the southeast comer of the Caribbean,” the Navy Department said, "would undoubt edly add to the security of the area as well as to the ability of the United States fleet to insure the in tegrity of the Monroe Doctrine. "A base for the United States fleet located in this vicinity would afford a strategically centralized position which should permit our fleet to operate any direction.” Existing naval installations In Florida, Cuba, Puerto Rico control most of the Atlantic approaches to the canal, but the United States has no bases to guard the flank adjacent to the topmost part of South America. Debt Payments Again Revived. The islands in those waters art British and French possessions. Their acquisition in lieu of war debt payments has been suggested fre quently in Congress, but not until last night did the Navy officially mention these proposals in discuss ing the desirability of a base to tha Southeast. Testifying yesterday, Admiral Stark spoke for a bigger Navy as prepar edness against the perilous interna tional situation which conceivably might follow an allied defeat in Europe. The present fleet, he said, “is too small—much too small” to deal with any combination of hostile nations that could command the captured naval might of Britain and France. One surprise in his testimony was the statement that three of the fleet's dreadnaughts would be value less in a naval engagement because their main batteries had not been modernized.