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Equipment to Permit
'Blind' Landings at Gravelly Point Device to Free Airport Of Fog Hazard to Come Soon After Completion By JOSEPH S. EDGERTON. Installation of instrument landing equipment which eventually may make air transport operations here Independent of weather conditions will begin at Washington National Airport, Gravelly Point, late this summer, and the system is expected to be in operation soon after the airport is opened for operations next fall. Tne local installation, in keeping with a Federal policy of making the national airport here one of the most completely equipped air termi nals in the world, also is to be part of a large-scale demonstration of the Civil Aeronautics Authority’s instrument landing system and con trolled approach light installation. The type of equipment to be in stalled at Gravelly Point has been approved by an Operations Commit tee of the Air Transport Association, composed of the operations execu tives of the 18 domestic air trans port lines and also was approved earlier by a special committee set up by the National Academy of Sciences at the request of President Roosevelt. Permits Blind Landing. The instrument landing equip ment. which makes it possible for an airline captain to land his air plane safely through the densest fog on a pre-determined runway of an airport which he cannot see, is regarded as the ultimate step in a long fight to free air transportation entirely from the hazards and delays of adverse weather conditions. The system which will be in stalled here is operated by radio and consists of four fundamental elements: A runway localizer, which provides a range course for lateral guidance of the approaching air plane: a glide path which provides a means for controlled descent along a course which will bring the air plane into contact with the runway at the proper angle and place; and two vertical marker beacons to indi cate the progress of the approach to the landing field. A single instrument on the panel before him provides the pilot with all of the information he requires to make a landing even though the fog be so thick he cannot see the runway even after his plane has touched the ground. Feat Accomplished in 1929. The history of development of the instrument landing system which is to be installed here goes back to ' 1928, when the National Bureau of, Standards began work on a system for the former Aeronautics Branch of the Commerce Department. Using this system, Maj. James H. Doolittle on September 23, 1929. made the first successful instrument landing in history. For years thereafter the Bureau of Standards, the Aeronautics Branch and its two successors, the Bureau of Air Commerce and the Civil Aeronautics Authority: the Army Air Corps, the Navy Bureau of Aeronautics and various com mercial groups continued with ex perimental work. The system scheduled for installa tion here was brought to its present state by the C. A. A., in accordance with recommendations of the Radio Technical Committee for Aero nautics. Selection of Washington National Airport for an extended service testing of the equipment was made from a priority list of 25 airports submitted to the C. A. A. by the Radio Technical Committee for Aeronautics, which represents the air transport industry, the radio in dustry and the Army and Navy air services. Radio Station Destroyed BERLIN, April 16.—1The official German news agency, DBN, report ed today that German troops had blown up a Norwegian broadcasting station at Notodden, 50 miles south west of Oslo. DNB explained that the station during the past few days had continued disseminating anti German broadcasts. Weather Report (Furnished by the United Btetei Weather Bureau.) District of Columbia—Cloudy, with local showers tonight and tomor row; not much change in temperature; minimum temperature tonight about 48 degrees; gentle variable winds. Maryland—Cloudy, with occasional light rain tonight and tomorrow; rot much change in temperature. Virginia—Occasional light rain in extreme north and local showers and thunderstorms in central and south portions tonight and tomorrow; not much change in temperature. West Virginia—Cloudy, with occasional light rain tonight and to morrow; not much change in temperature. The disturbance that was over Wiscon-v ■tin Monday morning has advanced to West ern Pennsylvania. Kylertown. 1.010.5 milli bars (29.84 Inches), while the disturbance that was over Kansas has rrfoved very slowly southward to Oklahoma. Oklahoma City. 1,000.0 millibars (29.63 inches). An other center is over Northeastern Arizona. Flagstaff. 994.9 millibars (29.38 inches). Pressure is high over Eastern Maine. East port. 1,019.3 millibars (30.10 inches), and over Florida. Miami. 1,018.6 millibars <30.08 inches). Pressure is high over the North Pacific States. Portland. Oreg.. 1.022.4 millibars <3(>.19) inches, and from Montana. Havre. 1.023.0 millibars (30.21 Inches*, eastward to the upper lake re gion. During the last 24 hours light rains have occurred in the Middle Atlantic and North Atlantic States, the Upper Ohio Val ley and the lower lake region, and rains and snows in the middle plains States, the middle plateau and the middle and north ern Rockv Mountain region. Temperatures have risen in the Gulf and Atlantic States and the Appalachian region, while they have fallen over the upper Mississipppi valley# the southern plains States and portions of the Plateau and Rock Mountain regions. Report for Last 21 Hours. Temperature. Barometer, Yesterday— Degrees. Inches. 4 pm. _ 4K 29.78 8 p.m. _ 46 29.77 Midnight _ 46 29.80 Today— 4 a m. _ 47 29.83 8 a m. _ 51 29.88 Noon _ 64 29.88 Record for Last 21 Hoars. (Prom noon yesterday to noon today.) Highest, 64. noon today. Year ago. 57. Lowest. 46, 2 a.m .today. Year ago. 41. Reeord Temperatures This Year. Slghest. 75, on April 4. west. 7. on January 29. Humidity for Last 84 Hoars. (Prom noon yesterday to noon today.) glghest, 85 per cent, at 7:30 a.m. today, west. 47 per cent, at noon today. River Report. Potomac River muddy. Shenandoah River cloudy at Harpers Perry: Potomac nightly muddy at Great Palls today. Tide Tablet. (Punished by United States Coast and Geodetic Survey.) Today. Tomorrow. High _ 2:16 a.m. 3:22 a.m. Low ___ 8:50 am. 10:04 a.m. Sgh __ 2:41p.m. 3:46 p.m. W _ 9:32 p.m. 10:37 p.m. The Son and Maon. Rises. Bets. Bun. today _ 5:30 6:46 Bun. tomorrow_ 5:29 6:47 Moon, today 12:38 p.m. 1:41 a.m. Automobile light* must b« tuned on ono hall hour after sunnet. Precipitation. Monthly precipitation In Inches In the Capital (current month to date): Month. 1940 Av'ge. Record. January- 2.12 3.55 7.83 ‘37 February_ 2.77 3.27 0.84 ‘84 March .... 3 42 3.76 8.84 '91 April - 3.20 3.27 9.13 ‘89 May- ... 3.70 10.69 '89 June -- 4.13 10.94 '00 July -- 4.71 10.63 '86 August -- 4.01 14.41 '28 September-- 3.24 17.45 '34 October -- 2.84 8.81 *37 November - - 2.37 8.69 '89 December - ... 3.32 7.66 '01 Weather In Various Cities. _ r-Tnnp.-, Ratn .... Bare. Hl8h- Low. Weather. Abilene __ 3047 91 64 Cloudy Albany __ 29.86 52 40 .. . Cloudy Atlanta __ 29.94 82 56 Cloudy Atl City - 29.91 47 43 0.02 Rain Baltimore 29.91 50 44 0.07 Cloudy Birm'gham 29.88 8(1 61 _ . Cloudy Bismarck 30.12 51 31 _ Cloudy Boston .. 29.97 62 40 _ Cloudy Buffalo 29.88 56 31 _ Cloudy Charleston 30.03 72 58 _ Clear Chicago . 29.88 70 40 _ Cloudy Cincinnati 29.77 74 49 Cloudy Cleveland 29.88 63 38 0.02 Cloudy Columbia _ 29.97 83 68 _ Clear Davenport- 29.86 73 42 _ _ Cloudy Denver 29.62 71 40 _ Cloudy Des Moines 29.86 75 42 _ Cloudy Detroit _ 29.94 64 34 _ Cloudy El Paso _ 29.66 81 57 _ Clear Galveston- 29.80 76 66 _ Cloudy Helena __ 30.15 36 27 _ 8now Huron 80.06 58 36 _ Cloudy Indian p'lls 29.71 66 50 _ Cloudy Jacks'nvllle 30.06 76 58 ... Cloudy Kans. City 29.71 83 50 Cloudy L. Angeles- 29.80 66 49 0.38 Clear Louisville- 29.74 84 59 Cloudy Miami . 30.09 73 62 _ Cloudy Mpls.-St. P. 29.97 69 35 _ _ Cloudy N. Orleans 29.88 76 64 __ Cloudy New York 20.88 60 43 Cloudy Norfolk 29.88 69 51 0.01 Clear Okla. city 29.53 90 58 Cloudy Omaha 29.88 73 46 Cloudy Phllad'phia 29.91 52 43 ... Rain Phoenix 29.65 89 54 Cloudy Pittsburgh 29.83 54 48 0.16 Cloudy P tland. Me. 30.00 43 37 0.02 Rain P'tl'd. Ore. 30.18 63 41 ... Cloudy Raleigh - 29.91 82 58 _ Cloudy St. Louis 29 68 87 53 Cloudy S. Lake C. 29.59 60 36 0.01 Cloudy S. Antonio 29.71 89 63 _ Cloudy San Diego 29.83 64 63 ... Clear S. Pr'clsco 29.91 68 51 ... Clear Seattle .. 30.18 60 41 _ Cloudy Spokane.. 30.06 62 35 _ Clear Tampa 30.06 73 56 - Clear WA8H.D.C. 29.88 52 46 0.19 Cloudy Foreign Stations. (Noon. Greenwich time, today.) Temperature. Weather. Horta (Fayal), Azores .. 60 Cloudy (Current observation!.) Havena ancuba'rt0 St » Colon. Canal Zona- 81 Cloud? Army Notifies U. S. Inventors It Wants a Better Machine Gun By FRED H. MORHART, Jr. The War Department today served notice on American inventors and designers that it wants a better machine gun of a light caliber. Ir. order to provide time for develop ment and production, the month of October, 1941, has been set for demonstrator tests at the Aberdeen Proving Grounds, Md. These tests will be conducted under the direction of the Army's Chief of Ordnance. “It is hoped, as a result of this competition, to find a weapon that will meet the requirements of the infantry and cavalry for a superior type of light machine gun,” the of ficial announcement said. At present the Army is using a .30-caliber light machine gun that has a range of 3 miles and fires a maximum of 500 rounds per min ute. It is declared by Army officials to be 50 per cent better than World War models. The Army has on hand large stocks of this automatic gun In sev eral modified forms which are con sidered “very effective weapons.” The official call for a new design today, said: "However, decision was recently reached to proceed still further in the development of the light machine gun and to produce, if possible, a gun which will have the desirable characteristics of the Browning automatic rifle, but will be of the belt-feed type.” In the past the War Department has secured practically all of its automatic weapons from American designers and inventors. However, in several instances foreign makes were requisitioned, including the famed Lewis machine gun of Brit ish make. “It is intended to continue this procedure, for which reason specifi cations have recently been mailed to interested industrial concerns and American inventors working in the small arms field," the notice de clared. After the arsenal tests, it is the intention of the Army, it is under stood, to put the successful guns through rigorous field trials. Regu lar Army infantry, calvarymen and other members of the various Army sections handling machine guns will use the arsenal-tested guns under simulated combat conditions. Seizure of Dalmatia By Italians Expected If Nazis Hit Balkans Troops Concentrate In Albania, Fleet Is Out Maneuvering By RICHARD MOWRER, Chicago Daily News Foreign Correspondent. BUCHAREST. April 16—Seizure of the Dalmatian coast and closing of the Adriatic by Italy seems almost a certainty if Germany smashes into the Balkans. Reports that the Ital ians are being massed in Albania and that the Italian fleet is out maneuvering are causing consider able anxiety in Southeastern Europe. It is possible that these Italian moves are in anticipation of a Ger man thrust toward the Black Sea and motivated by a desire to grab a slice of the Balkans. On the other hand, i with the allied fleets in the north successfully breaking Germany’s sea strength, it seems logical that Italy should make the most of its naval power in the Mediterranean before French and British warships come south. Every German ship sunk reduced Italy’s naval position in the Medi terranean and Italy's bargaining power. If the allies mop up the German Navy in the north, they will be free to reinforce their Medi terranean squadrons. Italian policy would be proportionately less ef fective. If the state of military mind in the Near East is any indication, it seems increasingly doubtful that the allies will be content to put up much longer with Italy’s policy of am biguity toward them, particularly if the war comes to the Balkans and they establish a front there. (Copyright, 1940. Chicago Dally News, Inc.) Wife's Plea Spurs Hunf For Missing Husband A wife’s plea for the return of her husband, missing since April 4, today spurred Maryland and District police in their search for Harry J. Fleming, 47-year-old chief petty offcer who disappeared from the Naval Air Station on the day of his discharge from the Navy. Mrs. Fleming, who lives with her son at 3410 Rhode Island avenue, Mount Rainier, Md„ told police her husband left her that morning with the words, “Today I'll be back in civil life. I will see you tonight.” Since then, Mrs. Fleming, near ing collapse over worry, said she has received no communication from her husband, with the exception of a phone call that morning from his work. He stated at that time he would meet her at the usual place at the close of the day. Graduate Schools Of U. S. Agencies Are Defended Reply to Elliott Says They Perform Service at No Cost to Government A critical report from Acting Controller General Richard N. El liott on the operation of the Grad uate School of the Department of Agriculture and smaller educational units at the Bureau of Standards and Farm Credit Administration today brought a defense from Dr. Albert F. Woods, head of the Agri culture Department establishment. He declared that it cost the Gov ernment nothing, and that the use of such Government facilities as were employed by the school was compensated by the advantages that accrued to the Government through its operation. The schools offer advanced train ing in a variety of subjects as well as in-service training designed to broaden the knowledge of Federal employes as to their jobs. Under a co-operative agreement with the American University and University of Maryland it is also possible to get credits at these institutions for the courses pursued in the Govern ment classrooms. The Bureau of Standards courses were inaugurated about 1913; the Department of Ag riculture in 1921 and the Farm Credit Administration more recently. Elliott's Objections. “This office feels that the matters reported should be brought to the attention of the Congress for such consideration and action as it shall deem proper," Mr. Elliott said. Commenting that the report, re quired of departments under a sec tion of the Budget and Accounting Act, made it “appear that many of the courses go far beyond the strict training of employes for the better performance of their duties,” Mr. Elliott added the following observa tion : “In several instances fees and tui tion are charged for courses, from which considerable sums over and above operating expenses have been accumulated, but no accounting is made to the Government for the moneys, funds and property handled and on hand, notwithstanding the fact that the use of Government personnel and facilities (such as office and class room space, heat, iight, elevator service, telephone, etc.) have contributed to the earn ings from the activities mentioned.” No Federal Money Involved. In explaining the operation of the Graduate School of Agriculture, which now has 5.000 students, Dr. Woods said that the men and women pay $6 a credit hour for their course; tnat the institution has a reserve of approximately $20,000, and that the accounts are audited periodically by a committee that re ports to the Secretary of Agricul ture. No Government money is in volved, he added, and consequently, no accounting has been made to the General Accounting Office. When the school was started it offered courses in mathematics, statistics, economics and languages; today, in response to expanding de mands, about 150 courses are taught, experts from the Government being the instructors. Classes are after office hours, starting at 5 p.m. Dr. Woods said the school was operated under a statute authorizing the use of Government facilities for educational purposes. As head of the school, Dr. Woods, a former president of the University of Mary land, receives $6,500 annually. He also draws retirement pay of $1,284 from the Government, having left active service in the Bureau of Plant Industry in September, 1938. He still continues to handle plant pat ents for the bureau, however. Congress in Brief Senate: Votes on bill creating new Federal Judgeships. House: Continues debate on Logan Walter administrative procedure bill. Dies Committe hears testimony on West Coast communism. Appropriations Committee studies 1941 relief bill. TOMORROW. Senate: Probably will consider flood con trol and river and harbor appro priations. Civil Service Committee resumes hearings on Ramspeck bill, 10 am. District Subcommittee resumes hearings on Capper bill to regulate the holding of primaries for District delegations to the political conven tions. Naval Affairs Committee resumes hearings on Naval expansion bill, 10:30 am. Judiciary Subcommittee hearing on investment trust bill, 10:30 a.m. Claims Committee considers rou tine bills, 10 am. House: Continues debate on Walter-Logan bill to curb administrative agencies. Immigration Committee considers private bills, 10:30 am. Judiciary Subcommittee of Dis trict Committee holds special hear ing on bills to liberalized local unem ployment compensation law, 10 am. Chains Defended By Beavers, Head of Peoples Drug Co. Says Patman Measure Has Closing of Units As Objective Chain stores were defended yes terday before a House Ways and Means Subcommittee by Thomas N. Beavers of Washington, president of the Peoples Drug Co., who ap peared in opposition to the Patman bill to levy a special tax on these organizations. The head of Washington's larg est chain of drugstores denied that chain stores did not pay their share of local taxes or that they stilled the opportunities of their employes. The goal of all chain store sys tems. said Mr. Beavers, is to put goods Into the hands of consumers as directly as possible from the pro ducers. Mr. Beavers said the Patman bill could be likened to a doctor who “prescribed the lethal chamber for the whole family because 7-year-old Johnny had a bad tooth.” Denies Below-Cost Responsibility. He denied that chain stores were responsible for below-cost selling. “There seems to be no dispute,” said Mr. Beavers, “over the fact that, although this bill is drafted as a tax measure, its admitted object is to compel the closing of a vast number of chain store units. Its proponents admit no company now operating in several States can af ford to pay the taxes proposed.” The chain store executive added: “On one hand we are told that our policy is to lose money until all competition has disappeared and then set prices up for exorbitant profits; another tells of the fabulous profits of our operations, all this notwithstanding that competition Is as keen, if not keener, now than in any of the 21 years of my experience and at no time, I can assure you, has there been any lack of the keenest kind of competition.” Points to Advancement. Denying that employes of chain stores lack opportunity for advance ment, Mr. Beaver said that “every man or woman in important execu tive positions in our company has attained that place by promotion from the ranks.” John D. Neff of Staunton. Va., gave chain stores credit for dispos ing of surplus apple crops by fea turing apples in their advertise ments. Several other chain store execu tives testified against the bill. Baseball (Continued From First Page.) President Garner, who substituted and threw out the first ball last year, was to occupy a seat in the President s box and lead the parade to center field for the flag-raising ceremony. Other figures high in Washington official life were to be on hand, together with thousands who are mourning for grandmothers lost over the week end. For weeks all grandstand and box seats have been sold, indicating that unless it is raining the crowd will approximate 31,000, or near-capacity. The bleachers were on sale yes terday, but Secretary Edward B. Eynon, jr., announced that 8,000 re mained this morning and that 2,000 standing room tickets at $1.10 apiece also would be sold. The program was to begin at noon, with Goldman's Band enter taining the early comers. The bat ting practice will start at 1 o'clock and at 2:45 p.m. the President will arrive. The flag-raising ceremony, with the Army Band playing, will follow immediately afterward and then Mr. Roosevelt will unlimber his throwing arm. Leonard to Pitch. Both of Washington's pitchers to day will be right-handed. Picking up where Mr. Roosevelt leaves off, Emil (Dutch) Leonard will face the hard-hitting Red Sox, opposing Robert Moses Grove, 40-year-old southpaw ace. Leonard, 30-year-old knuckle ball pitcher who won 20 games and lost 8 for last year’s sixth-place Wash ington club, is the only established slab star on a young team which otherwise has impressed critics as rich in promise. Tanned and hardened by eight weeks of spring training in the South the 1940 Senators prepare to move into the American League flag chase as the fastest team in the majors. To such acknowledged speedsters as George Case, cham pion base stealer; Buddy Lewis, an outfielder this year, and Jimmy Wasdell at first base, were added two fleet newcomers to Washing ton—Rookie Shortstop Jimmy Po fahl from Minneapolis and Left Fielder Gerald Walker, who was obtained in trade over the winter from the Chicago White Sox. Only 3 in 1939 Places. Only three of the 1939 players who opened the season last year were to be in their same posts this afternoon. They were Case, in cen ter field; Rick Ferrell, behind the bat, and Wasdell. Back again is Buddy Lewis, but he played third Treasury Adopts 'Official' Valuation Of Pound for Duties British Government's Rate of $4.02 Used to Protect U. S. Business By the Associated Pres*. The Treasury, acting to stave off possible harm to American business, adopted today the British govern ment’s “official” valuation of the pound. * The Customs Bureau ordered its collectors to value British merchan dise at the fixed “official” price of $4.02 M per pound sterling when as sessing customs duties. Instead of the free market rate, currently about $3.50. In effect, the action will make some British merchandise more ex pensive in this country and prevent the British' from increasing sales here through currency depreciation. However, the Treasury gave no official explanation of its action, and some officials pointed out that the difference in rates affected only those commodities upon which tariff duties are assessed on an “ad va lorem" basis. The "Official” Rate. The "official” rate is one fixed by the British government, and is the only price at which British currency can be purchased in England. The free rate is the market valuation of British money outside of England, where British money is sold by busi nessmen and international investors who have received money from Eng land. England recently has restricted the use of "free” sterling by pro hibiting the purchase of several im portant British commodities, such as whisky and Jute, with "free” ex change. Ordinarily, the Treasury uses for customs purposes the values of for eign money certified to it by the Federal Reserve System. Up until March 25, the Federal Reserve cer tified the “free” rate and it was used for customs purposes. However, at that time, the difference between the official and free rates was only a few cents. On March 25, when the discrep ancy between the two rates became great, the Federal Reserve Svstem startd certifying both the official and unofficial rates, forcing the Treasury to choose between them. Other Like Action Taken. Similar action also was taken on the Canadian dollar, the Newfound land dollar and the Australian pound. The Treasury announce ment added that the Department would "carefully observe future de velopments with respect to those foreign currencies for which more than one rate of exchange is re ported by the Federal Reserve Bank with a view to examining the situa tion with respect to any of such currencies if changed conditions warrant it.” Also today Secretary Morgenthau exempted Iceland from President Roosevelts order "freezing” Danish and Norwegian funds in the United States. The Treasury head explained that, although the King of Denmark also was the King of Iceland, Iceland now was acting as a politically inde pendent state. The President's order prohibited the withdrawal of any Danish or Norwegian wealth from the United States except on special permission of the Secretary of the Treasury. The action apparently was intended to prevent Germany or German sponsored governments in Norway or Denmark from seizing funds in the United States until the United States is satisfied with the legality of any proposed transfers. Secretary Morgenthau said yes terday that he also was considering whether any of the Danish or Nor wegian funds here could be seized to compensate American investors in case their investments in Norway and Denmark should be repudiated. Dealer Offers to Pay Patrons' Parking Fines B> the Associated Press. TILLAMOOK, Oreg.—A main street merchant found the rigid en forcement of a half-hour traffic parking ordinance affected his busi ness, so he advertised: "Will pay all parking fines against customers while in my store.” Business has Improved enough to absorb the fines without pinching, he reports. base last year. Cecil Travis, last year’s regular shortstop who was unable to start the campaign be cause of illness, is stationed on third this year. On second is Jim my Bloodworth, a youngster who has supplanted the ailing veteran, Buddy Myer. The Red Sox, runners-up to the Yankees last year and again rated as the champions’ most serious challengers, invade with the heav iest hitting batting order in base ball. With a .291 team average last year, the Red Sox topped both ma for leagues, but their problem, like that of the Nationals, is a dearth of pitching. In the event today’s game is rained out the opener will be played tomorrow, all ceremonies included, as the Red Sox’s invasion is for three days. NEW... a pure white ODORLESS* cream which SAFELY REMOVES HAIR *1.- A fragrant white cream with out any bad odor. 2. Painless . . not messy . . . quick to use. As simple to remove as cold cream. 2. Economical because you use so very little each time. 4. Does not irritate healthy, normal skin. I. Removes hair c/oee to skin, leaving skin soft, smooth, clean and fragrant. 39* o tube At ill dim which mN tallct |iiA Legendary Gold Vein Struck, Runs $8,000-a-Ton Ore By the Aaaoclated Praia. PALOUBE, Wash., April 166 —Ore reported running $8,00t a ton has lifted the “Lost Wheelbarrow” gold mine out of the Western legends. For years the story of the lost vein had circulated, half believed and half scorned: The mine, on "Gold Hill” in the Moscow Mountains north of Pot latch, Idaho, was discovered by two grizzled prospectors in 1883. Quartz was so rich that their crude hand mining produced $20,000 in nuggets and dust in only four months. Then one partner became greedy. A rifle shot ended the life of one and doubled the fortune of the other. The entrance to the tunnel was blown, covering the crime. The sur vivor marked the rich find with a wheelbarrow made from a whisky barrel and trudged away. Years later he returned, but un derbrush and time had covered his pot of gold. Last summer a vacationing coun try doctor, trudging along a faintly indicated mountain path, rediscov ered the mine. The doctor, C. Lan dis Treischler, staked out a claim and unearthed an ancient whisky wheelbarrow, some human bones in the tunnel mouth and an 1875 model rifle. Today L. J. Moore, mine manager, disclosed the vein had been struck after only 22 feet of digging. Ex perts said the quartz would run ‘‘at least” $8,000 a ton. Sidelights on the D. A R. On-and-Behind-the-Scene Incidents At the 49th Continental Congress Mrs. Henry M. Robert, Jr., presi dent general of the D. A. R., was asked by a photographer to pose with the gavel symbolizing the act of calling the 49th Continental Con gress of the D. A. R. to order. She refused, explaining that the dele gates were "very orderly,” and she never had to use a gavel. * * * * Though the Daughters indicated their desire for strict neutrality by applauding the speaker who urged it, they beamed approvingly at the Old World courtesy of the Minister from Finland. Mr. Procope won their hearts by kissing the white gloved hand of the president gen eral and then solidified his position by leaving the stage in the middle of the ceremonies to fetch his bride’s fur wrap. * * * * Two-year-old Martha Ashton of 7611 Georgia avenue N.W. got tired of it all in the act of presenting a bouquet to Mrs. Robert from the Children of the American Revolu tion. Maybe it was the great white wig she wore or the weight of her fetching Colonal costume, but the youngster, special page to Mrs. John Morrison Kerr, national president of the C. A. R., sat down on the floor of the stage and had to be carried from the scene. The duties of the pages included all manner of odd Jobs at the open ing. Si* of them were assigned to the steps on either side of the stage to keep the color-bearing pages and the flower-laden national officers from tripping. With precision and efficiency they lifted the trailing skirts and handed them up to the pages on the steps above. Their score was perfect—nobody tripped. * * * * Mrs. Robert earned a ripple of laughter when she acknowledged “an imperishable debt to the Sons of the American Revolution for not allowing the Daughters active mem bership.” thereby oausing them to start their own society. S. A. R. President Messmore Kendall re sponded gallantly: “How much greater you have grown than your little brother. We may be older but we must have been stunted.” * * * * Most patriotic address of the eve ning was made by the dark-eyed Good Citizenship Pilgrim from Michigan. She expressed her love for America with a voice made husky by emotion. When she was through Mrs. Robert told the Daughters that the young pilgrim's parents came here from Armenia shortly before she was bom. * * * * The pages whiled away the min utes between calls to duty in a room set aside for them in the basement of the hall, where they consumed endless soft drinks. But is was all in a good cause—the profits from the sale of the drinks help publish the magazine of the junior group. It's entitled Echoes and is pub lished in Charlotte, N. C., by an energetic young page who punishes chapters which fail to observe dead lines by leaving blank the space their news was to occupy. ©IL®1>3M2 DEADLINE FOR Advertising in the Tele* phone Directory is APRIL 17 Listings in the Tele phone Directory is APHIL 24 Jw “T f°r a<17ertl-ln« « to order . tele Ph *; Chan*« o£ «ddre„, or extra listing Call NElropolltan 9900 % THE CHESAPEAKE AND POTOMAC TELEPHONE COMPANY 73S 13th Straat. N. W. (Ball Systam) When Mrs. Robert announced that Miss Janet Richards was to be made honorary chairman of the golden jubilee Miss Richards told the audience she had only two and a half minutes for her response. After rueing the time limit for sev eral minutes Miss Richards an nounced she had written a little talk just to be sure she wouldn’t i overrun her time. “Now,” she said, “my two and a half minutes be gin." < * * * * The handsome young man who hovered about the president gen- i eral’s reception room and applauded j so enthusiastically from his box i seat when Mrs. Robert rose to spealc was her son. . . . The United States Marine Band cellist found out what i “heavy, heavy hangs over your! head” means. A potted fern fell in his lap from the stage above the orchestra pit, and he spent the rest of the evening casting apprehensive glances upward. . . . The hardest working pages at the affair were the quartet of attendants to the president general. They had to rise to their feet every time she rose, which was almost constantly. Cherry Blossoms May Last Over Week End A possibility the cherry blossoms rimming the Tidal Basin will con tinue in flower for another week ' end was voiced by park officials to- j day as clearing weather promised ! to afford the many visitors remain ing in the city a better opportunity to view the trees. Only a heavy’ rain or wind would ! put an end to the coiorful show for the coming week end, they said. While only a handful of persons braved yesterday’s rain to stroll around the basin, the forecast was warm and local showers for tonight and tomorrow. Officials expected to make an an nouncement later in the week set ting the blossoming date of the double-blossom trees in East Poto mac Park. Normally, they said, these trees follow about 10 days behind the single blossoms, but recent cold weather has made it impossible to predict accurately their advent. Local hotels continued to report 1 peak registrations of tourists. U. S. Shipment Intended For Nazis, Briton Says By th* Aaaociated Press. LONDON. April 16.—Ronald H.! Cross. Minister of Shipping, told a questioner in the House of Com mons today the British had “suffi cient evidence” that shipments from Los Angeles and South American ports to Vladivostok. Russian port in the Far East, were intended for Germany. Mrs. Cross added that all prac ticable steps were being taken to detain them, Japanese are still organizing de velopment companies in China. i Streamlined Troops Move Like Family Going for Drive Motorized Mobility Makes War Game Teams Hard to Find By the Associated Press. FORT BENNING, Ga., April 18 — Streamlining is doing its bit with camouflage to make modern armies hard to find in the field. Two corps of troops—approxi mately 45,000 men—were locked In a theoretically desperate struggle today over a nine-mile front on the United States Infantry School res ervation between the hamlets of Ochilee and Elneck. They started it yesterday at 4:30 am., lightly called the zero hour. Red and blue cards were clustered over a 10-foot wall map in the in- ‘ telligence office of control head quarters to denote positions of op posing units in the Upatoi Creek area as reported by a hundred ob servers through telephone and wire less. The cards stand out like white horses in clover. Troops Well Screened. But communication speed has a rival in motorized mobility. Cer tainty of the map gives way to in tangibles on the sand and clay trails leading through the combat zone. ! Streamlined regiments getting their first test in corps functions pick up and go almost as swiftlv as a family climbs into its car for a Sunday afternoon drive. There are no large concentrations. Dead boughs screen trucks and guns in the hillside thickets. Both blue denim of the Blues, the 4th Corps proper, and the olive drab of the Reds, a provisional corps,* blend de ceptively into the landscape. In addition to these physical fac tors there are instructions from Maj. Gen. Walter C. Short to com peting officers that under no cir cumstances will the use of espionage or disguise of uniforms be permitted. Gen. Short holds a dual position as commander of the 4th Corps and chief of the maneuvers. Loaned Out Division. For purposes of the problem, the first of a series preceding unpre cedented Louisiana -Texas war games May 5-25, he lent his own 1st Division to the Red commander Brig. Gen. Robert O. Van Horn, to supplement the Regular Infantrv School troops. Chief units left in Gen. Shorts Blue outfit are the 5th and 6th Divi sions. Even at the height of engage ments there was relatively slight noise Firing was restricted to oc casional blanks. For rifle work the shooting of one blank cartridge was supposed to represent 10 shots. Con trol officers, wearing white arm bands, watched combat, designated casualties, assessed penalties such as forcing a commander to withhold all orders for a designated time and prevented intermingling of rival forces. These referees are charged with making fair and prompt decisions. If there has been a mistake of judg ment, the instructions state, such errors replace in a measure the for tunes of war. Keneipp New Director Of Board of Trade George E. Keneipp. southern divi sion manager of the Keystone Auto mobile Club, has been named to the board of directors of the Washington Board of Trade, it was announced today. Mr. Keneipp Is chairman of the Public Schools Committee of the board and is a former chairman of the Insurance Committee. He has been active for some years in pro moting auto safety and is vice chair man of the District Traffic Advisory Council. He was appointed to serve out the unexpired term of Dr. William Mc Clellan, former president of the Potomac Electric Power Co., who is now in St. Louis.