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D. A. R. Urged to Take
Vital Role in Fight On 'Ruthless Hate' Mrs. Becker Stresses Need for Moral and Spiritual Revival _(Continued From First Page.) Miss Emeline A. Street, chairman of the Resolutions Committee. Highlighting the day's events will be the impressive president general's reception at Constitution Hall to night, followed by the annual ball at the Mayflower Hotel in honor of the pages. The Junior Assembly was to meet in its opening session this afternoon at Memorial Continental Hall, with Miss Thelma L. Brown, assembly chairman, presiding. The annual re ports of officers, awarding of prizes and presentation of a play. “Martha Washington's Dream.” were among the principal features of the pro gram. • Meetings of State delegations and national committees, meanwhile, were being held this afternoon in various sections of the city. The delegates were told in the report of their registrar general, Mrs. Frank Leon Nason, that 6,209 applications for membership and 1,182 supplemental papers have been verified. Mrs. William Kennedy Herrin, jr., corresponding secretary general, said 342,743 more copies of the D. A. R. manual for citizenship were distributed this year than last, and Mrs. Mrs. Loren Edgar Rex, chap lain general described her activities during the year. Mrs. George D. Schermerhorn, or ganizing secretary general, told the delegates the responsibilities of each individual member of the England Society of the D. A. R. were grow ing heavier each day. As national chairman of junior membership, Mrs. Schermerhorn re ported that 772 juniors had joined the society during the year, while an appeal for more rare books for the D. A. R. library here was made by Mrs. Vinton Earl Sisson, librar ian general. A balance in the D. A. R. current fund of $182,577,47 as of March 31 was reported by the treasurer gen eral, Miss Page Schwarzwaelder, as compared with a 1939 balance of $169,106.64. Disbursements this year from the current fund totaled $223, 653.24, the treaeurer general re ported. Diplomats from three countries Involved in the conflict abroad heard one speaker at the opening of the congress attack the “'age-old feuds which have predominated European thought,” while another speaker, Chairman Norman H. Davis of the American Red Cross, urged Ameri cans to be “'good neighbors” to the "hopeless pawns in the struggle.” Lord Lothian Present. Members of the diplomatic corps attending were the Marquis of Lothian, the British Ambassador; Minister Hjalmar Procope of Fin land and the Ambassador of Poland, Count Jerzy Potocki. The advice against “entangling ourselves in European intrigues” was voiced by Messmore Kendall, pres ident general of the national society, Sons of the American Revolution. “To those who contend it is Amer ica’s duty to enter the war to save the democratic principles, I say that the principles in which we believe have never been defended or pre served outside America,” Mr. Ken dall stated. He recommended “subjugating emotions to reason” and asserted that the most important thing was to “refrain from succumbing to propaganda.” Also punctuated by applause was the brief talk made by Mrs. John L. Whitehurst, first vice president of the General Federation of Women's Clubs, who urged the women to establish public forums “to make democracy safe in America and America safe for democracy.” She advised the delegates to “leave your clubhouses and go out into the highways'and byways of the land to teach the masses of the people who control the electorate and who de termine whether we will preserve our democracy.” Cites Democracy’s Weaknesses. At this particular time, she de clared. “when every principle is chal lenged.” it is necessary to obviate some of the weaknesses of demo cracy. She cited unemployment, dis satisfied youth and the spoils system in public affairs as the weaknesses. Mr. Davis, principal speaker at the opening, told the Daughters the Red Cross “has endeavored to maintain the spirit of neighborly and unselfish service which found expression on our earliest frontiers and has per sisted as a distinctive characteristic of the American way of life.” He termed it “the misfortune of our generation to confront a great and growing challenge to those ideals and those institutions which no one among us can ignore ” The challenge, ne asserted, was that the neighborhood of early America has become a world neigh borhood “in which the spirit of the good neighbor has not endured.” After reviewing the work of the 8,700 chapters of the Red Cross within America, he told of the exten sion of mercy to the people of other lands, saying “seven months have passed since the war began in Europe, but the need of the helpless civilian victims of modern warfare has not diminished with the passing months. Denied Right to Peace. “Fugitives or hopeless pawns in the struggle, those who appeal to us are, nevertheless, men, mothers and children: human beings for whqpi the right to live at peace and News of D. A. R. Full reports of the D. A. R. Convention, April 14 to 21, inclusive— Mail—Postage Prepaid U. S., Mexico and Canada _,-45c Foreign -$1.00 Leave orders with Star representative at Constitu tion Hall or The Evening Star office, 11 th St. and Pa. Ave. N.W. D. A. R. CONVENTION OPENING—Mrs. Henry M. Robert, jr. (left), president general, intro duced Miss Janet Richards, honorary chairman of the Golden Jubilee Committee, at the opening session of the D. A. R. Convention. —Star Staff Photo. PJ1MM1I ii i m .1111 - Lord Lothian. British Ambassador (right), appeared to be telling Hjalmar Procope, Finnish Minister, something of great import at the D. A. R. Convention. Mrs. Procope found it inter esting, too. —A. P. Photo. in the pursuit of simple happiness has been denied.” Mr. Davis described the mobiliza tion of workers in the chapters for the volunteer production of war relief supplies, the special service established to enable Americans to communicate with relatives and friends abroad and the setup of the League of Red Cross Societies whereby relief operations in Europe can be undertaken without delay and new organization. He said the possibility of a Na tion-wide appeal for funds had been considered, but it was decided to postpone an appeal to see what de velops abroad. Terming the highways of Europe “scenes of incredible human suf fering,” he urged the delegates to rededicate themselves to the preser vation in America of the concept of the good neighbor. “Let us keep the light of good will burning through the blackout of distrust and greed and hatred until a better day has dawned,” he said. McCoach Welcomes Delegates. Col. David McCoach, jr„ Engineer Commissioner for the District of Columbia, who greeted the delegates in the absence of Commissioner Melvin C. Hazen, told the Daughters their “noble work commands con stant admiration” and said it was a happy occasion for Washington when it was selected as national headquarters for the D. A. R. The Right Rev. James E. Free man, Bishop of Washington, de livering the invocation at a D. A. R. Congress for the 17th consecutive year, prayed for wisdom for the President of the United States and all in authority “that in the days ahead we may again be one of the factors in bringing about an orderly world.” A tribute to Miss Janet Richards of the District as the one member of the D. A. R. who has attended every D. A. R. Congress was paid by Mrs. Robert, who then an nounced the appointment of Miss Richards as honorary chairman of the golden jubilee. As Mrs. Robert presented a pin signifying the honor to M'ss Rich ards, she praised the charter mem ber “whose sound judgment and keenness of vision are evident in the records of the congress.” Miss Richards, in responding, promised that the pin would sur mount all her foreign decorations. Chapter Accomplishments Related. Mrs. Robert made no formal speech at the opening, as she did last year, but, instead, discussed the accomplishments of D. A. R. chapters throughout the country briefly and told anecdotes illustrat ing how far reaching are the effects of the D. A. R. projects. Opening the congress, pages in white evening gowns carried the colors of the States to the stage. They were followed by the national officers, carrying huge bouquets of spring flowers. As the United States Marine Band Orchestra played the entrance march a huge flag was unfurled, sweeping down to float over the auditorium. Another ceremony of the opening was the presentation of the Good Citizenship Pilgrims by Mrs. Roscoe C. O'Byme, national chairman of the pilgrimage. The pilgrims filed across the stage to be introduced, each carrying a quaint hand cor sage from which pastel-colored rib bons streamed. “The American's Creed” was re cited by William Tyler Page, its author; Miss Florence Deneen, na tional vice chairman of the Cor rect Use of the Flag Committee, led the pledge of allegiance to the flag and Mrs. Charles Carroll Haig, vice president general, led the as semblage in the singing of the national anthem. Soloist for the evening was Miss Kathleen Mc Coun, contralto, who was accom panied by Boies Whitcomb. Walsh Urges Powerful Navy. At the national defense sym posium sponsored by the D. A. R. Committee on National Defense Through Patriotic Education yes terday afternoon at the Mayflower Hotel Senator Walsh, chairman of the Senate Naval Affairs Commit tee, told some 2,000 delegates that “an adequate Navy today means a larger Navy than ever before in the history of our country.” The Massachusetts Senator warned: “We are below what naval ex perts believe to be a Navy adequate for our protection and safety.” The speaker referred to the 5— 5—3 ratio in naval strength of the United States, Great Britain and Japan, established under the par tial disarmament treaty of 1922, and declared that though this country has undertaken a vast program of naval construction that ratio has never been realized even in peace time. A mild flurry of confusion swept through the gathering following Senator Walsh’s address when a delegate asked the speaker: “How can America stay out of war and be free when Rome is guid ing our President?” Walsh Chooses to Answer. The inquirer was interrupted by the symposium chairman. Mrs. Imogen B. Emery, head of the Na tional Defense Committee, who called for order. Senator Walsh quickly spoke up that he would be "glad to answer the question" and declared emphatically: "I don't care who’s guiding our President, where his religion comes from, or his politics, so long as he is guided to peace and the means of keeping us out of war.” In outlining the committee’s aims to "educate for citizenship,” Mrs. Emery told the delegates: “We must see that our children catch the vision of patriotism in the home and in the schools; that they are educated to believe beyond a shadow of doubt in the American way. "We want patriotism lived and taught. We want American history and civil government and social science interpreted by teachers who love and respect and believe in the framework of our Government, who are willing to defend Its principles and instill in future generations this love and respect.” Senator Walsh congratulated Mrs. Emery on her remarks and scored present-day “indifferent, haphazard, careless teaching of America’s tra ditions.” Sees "Battle of Books.” Discussing tendencies in educa tion, Archibald E. Stevenson, prom inent New York attorney, told the audience: “We must rid <the schools of all those who would use the classroom for their own political purposes and throw out their text books along with them. It Is a new battle of books in which we dare show no quarter.” Mr. Stevenson earlier had sharply criticised the text books on Ameri can life and traditions, written by Profs. Harold Rugg and George S. Counts, both of the teachers' col lege of Columbia University. “If through any sense of false tolerence,” he said, "we fail to guard the neutrality of our public schools on controversial, political, social and economic questions, the teachers who follow Profs. Counts, Rugg and others like them will drive the com ing generation toward a co-operative commonwealth, with its planned economy, its bureaucracy and its lack of individual freedom.” The Daughters were advised by Joseph Carleton Beal, lecturer and 1 journalist, to read the Daily Worker and the New Masses and copy the Communists’ “boring from within” tactics. “Take lessons on organization, on the technique of ‘boring from with in’ mass appeal of the Communists,” he said, “but keep all activities in the open.” Urging the women to recognize radicalism, he declared: “It is often behind a respected citizen, even unto the White House, that a radical hides.” He decried the “apathetic attitude of the so-called average American” regarding the selection of public offi cials, and urged that “our ballot boxes be filled with constructive and intel ligent votes for worthy officials, picked by the people and not cor rupt political machines.” “Instead of demanding of our Government to give us what we need to exist,” he said, “we should be giving our Government the type of elected officials it needs to exist.” After describing the elimination of freedom and democratic princi ples in totalitarian countries, Mr. Beal advised the delegates: “Battle propaganda with propa ganda. Match issue for issue in a relentless and persistent American ism appreciation campaign.” “Suppress or correct the mistaken impressions that memberships of patriotic-historic orders comprise narrow-minded and superior feel ing individuals possessing social prestige with an antipathy toward the average citizen. Show the gen eral public how you are encouraging new blood and younger blood and not allowing all coveted offices of importance to remain in the hands of only the older members.” Livingston Hartley, author of “Our Maginot Line,” declared that the American people “want two things—to stay at peace themselves and to see the allies win the war.” “Entry into this war,” Mr. Hart ley said, "would be a disaster for our people, which could only be jus tified on one ground—that it was necessary in order to avoid far greater disaster in the years that lie ahead.” He said, on the other hand, that “our most vital national interests demand that we help the allies win this war.” “If the allies win,” he declared, “our future will be safeguarded on the Atlantic for the years that lie ahead. * * * But if Germany wins decisively, our future will be im periled as it has not been since the infant years of our republic.” BERLITZ S2d Year—French, Spanish. Italian, Ger man or any other lanruare made easy by the Berliti Method—available only at the BERLITZ SCHOOL OF LANGUAGES, Ills Conn. Ave. (at L) National 0270 THERE IS A BERLITZ SCHOOL IN EVERY _LEADING CITY OF THE WORLD Administration Seen Opposing Bill to Curb Agencies House Approval of Logan-Walter Measure Forecast, However By the Associated Press. The Roosevelt administration was represented in congressional circles today as strongly opposed to the Logan-Walter bill to create uniform procedure for Federal administra tive agencies. Nevertheless, both sides predicted the House would join the Senate in approving the measure. Representative Celler, Democrat, of New York said the bill was op posed by most independent Govern ment agancies, as well as every member of President Roosevelt’s cabinet, primarily because it would try to regulate their diverse func tions by a single yardstick. While the House debated the long pending proposal, the Senate ar ranged to vote on a bill for six new District judgeships and three addi tional Circuit Court judgeships. Sessions Cut Short. But the opening baseball game of the season—with President Roose velt throwing out the first ball— drew scores of members from the Capitol, and leaders in both Senate and House agreed to cut short the sessions. Representative Cox, Democrat, of Georgia, beginning debate on the Logan-Walter bill yesterday, com plained that the “thinking” of many new administrative agencies was “rooted in doctrines that emanate from Russia.” Representative Wal ter, Democrat, of Pennsylvania, House sponsor, argued that opposi tion to the measure came from those opposed to the United States form of government. Majority Leader Rayburn said that while he was maintaining an open mind, he was not certain he could "bring myself to vote for this kind of a bill.” Wants S. E. C. Included. He questioned the advisability ol exempting such agencies as the Fed eral Trade Commission, the Inter state Commerce Commission and the Federal Reserve Board, and nut exempting the Securities and Ex change Commission, the Power Commission and the Federal Com munications Commission. Mr. Cox shouted that there could be “no greater blunder” than to exempt the S. E. C. He added: "That commission has the same philosophy as most of these new' agencies that have been set up in recent years, whose thinking is ap parently rooted in doctrines that emanate from Russia.” Representative Rankin, Democrat, of Mississippi contended the meas ure was “one of the most dangerous” ever presented to Congress and ex pressed the fear that it would "paralyze” functions of many agen cies. It provides for a quick court review of their administrative de cisions. Marian Anderson Dispute Revived by Plea to D. A. R. A year-old controversy was aired again today when the Daughters of the American Revolution received a telegram from the Marian Anderson Citizens Committee urging them to lift the ban on Negro artists appear ing in Constitution Hall. The refusal of the D. A. R. to allow Marian Anderson to sing at the hall last spring caused nation wide comment and resulted in Mrs. Roosevelt resigning from the organi zation. The telegram, signed by Charles H. Houston, chairman, and John Lovell, jr„ secretary of the commit tee, stated: “As the Daughters of the Ameri can Revolution meet to consider the problems of national defense and protection of the home front, we suggest that the ultimate defense of the Nation must rest not only on battleships and armaments, but also on an unconquerable devotion to country in the heart of the people. Your congress can make a fine con tribution toward cementing the bond between black and white citizens by removing the ban on Negro artists appearing in Constitution Hall. This will be both a recogni tion to art and a significant demon stration that America today is in fact a democracy. We honestly ask reconsideration and removal of this gratuitous wrong to the pride and heart of your Negro fellow citizens." MILLINERY and HAT BLOCKERS Bachrach 733 11th St. N.W. PACKARD WASHINGTON Showrooms ond Service 24th at N *RE. 0123 BRANCH SHOWROOM Dupont Circle Building Program of the D. A. R. Tonight. The President General’s Reception. Concert—The United States Army Band Orchestra, Capt. Thomas P. Darcy,. Jr., leader. 9 o’clock—The president general, assisted by the national officers, will re ceive in Constitution Hall the members of National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution. The State regents will receive in their respective State boxes. 10 o’clock—Annual ball in honor of the pages, main ballroom, Mayflower Hotel Tomorrow Morning. Organ recital. 9 until 9:30—Maude Spotswood Larkin, organist, Virginia State chairman, Advancement of American Music Committee, member, Poplar Porest Chapter. Assembly call—Entrance of the president general escorted by the pages. Congress called to order—The president general. Scripture and prayer—The chaplain general. The pledge of allegiance to the flag—Mrs. Charles Blackwell Keesee, na tional chairman, Correct Use of the Flag Committee. The National Anthem—The assemblage. Reading of the minutes—The recording secretary general. Report of the Resolutions Committee—Miss Emeline A. Street, chairman Amendments to the by-laws. Reports of national committees. Address, “Conservation of ,the Home”—The Rev. James Shera Mont gomery, D. D., chaplain, House of Representatives. Special report, Archives Room Fund—The treasurer general Subscriptions—Mrs. Russell William Magna. Announcements. Tomorrow Afternoon. Assembly call, 2 o’clock. Entrance march—Mrs. James Shera Montgomery, organist. Entrance of the pages with State flags. Call to order—The president general. Reports of national committees. Music—Lucille Lewis, dramatic soprano; Alwln Laidley, accompanist Address, “The Fight For Americanism”—Fulton Oursler. editor, novelist and playwright. Announcements. Nothing Would Induce Her to Hold Office, Mrs. Roosevelt Says Won't Make Campaign Tour; Column to Continue Five Years Mrs. Roosevelt declared today: “Nothing would induce me to run for anything or have any appointed office at any time.” The assertion was made at her press conference in denying rumors that she would variously be named president of Bryn Mawr College and be a candidate for Senator from New York. Mrs. Roosevelt also denied, with a smile, that she would make a cam paign tour for the Democratic party this summer. The proceeds from her new radio show, which starts April 30, she said, would be sent to the American Friends’ Society and other char itable groups after income taxes i had been deducted. Regardless whether her address is i the White House or Hyde Park. Mrs.: ! Roosevelt said, her syndicated col umn will continue for five years. ! Answering what she termed a “very clever question” from one reporter who tried to discover the President’s third-term ambitions, Mrs. Roose velt said she had renewed her con tract for five years. The column, she said, had been called “harmless” by the President, “as I only write a diary.” Just back from a cross-country ASPHALT DRIVES • PRIVATE HOMES • PARKING LOTS Free Estimates—Guaranteed Work Time Payments WE GO ANYWHERE BLACK TOP ROADS CO. 803 Insurance Bid*. XA. 0164 COAL PRICES REDUCED R. S. MILLER 805 THIRD ST. N.W. 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She said that she had explained to him that she was there only for one night and anyhow the President had answered the census questions at the White House, but she was told that every one staying in hotels that day had to answer census questions. Mrs. Roosevelt said Government camps for migratory workers in Cali fornia indicated how migratory workers should live, but were only temporary for the refugees from the dust bowl. She also spoke briefly of the Townsend plan, asserting that crusaders are necessary, but all things have to go more slowly than the crusaders would like. She said that Dr. Townsend, during his brief interview at the White House, had agreed with her that nothing should be done for the aged that would penalize youth. GRIFFITH-CONSUMERS COMPANY Announces PRICE REDUCTIONS ON ‘blue coal9 Now in Effect Prices are the lowest of the entire year on ‘blue coal.’ Save money, fill your bin with ‘blue coal’ while prices are way down. 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