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Martin Backs Plan
Of Hamilton for Early Platform Draff Party Chairman's Proposal Follows Similar Move By Col. Knox By G. GOULD LINCOLN. John Hamilton, chairman of the Republican National Committee, yesterday proposed that prospective members of the Resolutions Commit tee of the Republican National Con vention meet in Philadelphia “an appreciable time” in advance of the convention to work on a draft of the party platform. Mr. Hamilton's announcement fol lowed closely on the heels of a simi lar proposal from Col. Frank Knox to Republican House and Senate leaders here. Col. Knox was under stood to be speaking not only for himself, but for former Gov. Alf M. Landon of Kansas, the Republican nominee for President in 1936. Col. Knox was the vice presidential can didate in that year. Representative Martin of Massa chusetts, Republican leader of the House, said today he saw no con flict between the plans proposed by Chairman Hamilton and Col. Knox. “They seem to be about the same, ss I understand what Col. Knox was speaking to me about when he was here last week,” said Mr. Mar tin. He insisted that the Landon Knox idea had been for members of the Resolutions Committee to get to work on the platform as early as possible. However, he admitted that "whenever as many as three Republicans get together nowadays they will discuss the whole situa tion,” including candidates for the presidential and vice presidential nominations. Approves Early Consideration. Mr. Martin said he approved the plans for early consideration of a platform draft by the men and wom en who are to draft it. He said he supposed that both Mr. Landon and Col. Knox would be members of the Resolutions Committee, representing their States of Kansas and Illinois. He himself, he said, would go to the convention several davs before the convention met. He has been selected to serve as permanent chairman of the convention. He added, however, that if Congress remained in session up to June 24, the date of the opening of the con vention, he might be compelled to remain here to look after his duties on the floor. At Republican National Com mittee headquarters it was said that Mr. Hamilton had under considera tion for several months a proposal to have the prospective members of the Resolutions Committee assemble early in the convention city, in order to expedite work on the national platform. Letter in Part. Mr. Hamilton sent a letter to each member of the national committee and to each Republican State chair man in which he set forth his views on this subject.. The letter, which bore the date of April 20, follows in part: “In years past it has been the ; rule of the Republican National I Convention to establish a Resolu tions Committee whose primary task was that of drafting the party plat form. I need not tell you from your experience at such conventions that with only two or three days in which to consider this very serious and important matter, such a committee has not been able to work at a high degree of efficiency nor with the deliberation which its duties require. 1 “This year we approach the adop- ! tion of the party platform under j circumstances materially different than in former years. There is al ready at hand the report of the Republican Program Committee which has been widely distributed among party leaders and will be sent to the delegates and alternates as they are selected. At the time the Republican Program Committee made its report to the Republican ! National Committee there was also I filed several volumes of supporting data and the national committee directed that the report when sub mitted to the Resolutions Committee should be accompanied by this sup porting data for the consideration of that committee. Selected in States. “Obviously neither the report nor the supporting data which accom panies it can receive the considera tion to which they are entitled if the members of the Resolutions Committee have but two or three days for that purpose. Since each State delegation selects its own members of the Resolutions Com mittee I believe that, without in fringing upon the prerogatives of the convention we can obviate some of the difficulties encountered in the past. “It is thought that the State del egations might hold preliminary caucuses as soon as feasible after the delegates have been elected and select their representatives on the Committee on Resolutions. If this could be done it would then be pos sible for most, if not all. of those who would constitute the Resolutions Committee to assemble at Philadel phia an appreciable time before the national convention and undertake to consider and discuss together all suggestions for the platform as well as the report of the Program Com mittee for the purpose of submit ting a preliminary outline for the platform to the full Committee on Resolutions at the time it is con stituted by the convention.” Mr. Hamilton has been impor tuned by a great many Republicans to take steps to set up a special committee to work on a draft of a platform to be submitted to the na tional convention—especially since the report of the Glenn Frank Com mittee on Program was made public. The chairman’s idea has been, how ever, that the only proper way such work could be undertaken is through the prospective members of the Resolutions Committee, who in the end will have this work formally assigned to them. Every State would then be represented and presum ably all factions of the Republican party. Legion Post to Hear Highway Expert Charles M. Upham, engineer-di rector of the American Road Build ers’ Association and highway con struction authority, will discuss de fense highways in the Western Hemisphere and in Europe at a meeting of the American Legion National Cathderal Post at 9 o'clock tonight in Reno Esther Hall, Wis consin avenue and Wyndham place N.W. ATLANTA.—GOES TO MEET PRESIDENT—Prime Minister W. L. Mackenzie King of Canada is shown leaving here today by automobile en route to Warm Springs, Ga., for a visit with President Roosevelt. —A. P. Wirephoto. - A Roosevelt (Continued From First Page.) British and Canadian governments would act jointly and immediately to block the effort, but the attitude of the Washington Government is an all-important factor and one about which Mr. Mackenzie King doubtless will make inquiry while here. Among other subjects believed scheduled for discussion are the St. Lawrence waterway treaty, our neu trality patrol in waters adjacent to both Canada and the United States and the extent to which American manufacturing concerns may estab lish plants for wartime production across the Canadian border. And it is not unlikely, with Pacific tension definitely increased in recent weeks, that mutual problems on that front also may be studied. Speculation involving Mr. Roose velt was not being confined today to his meeting with Mr. Mackenzie King, however, the domestic political analyzers being even more intrigued with yesterday's announcement that he is planning a trip to the Pacific Coast in June. Assuming Congress has adjourned and European de velopments do not force him to re main in Washington, the President disclosed that he hopes to leave the Capital around June 10. head south ward to Texas, then to California, the Northwest, and possibly Alaska, in a “non-political” tour of about 21 days. At several points he will dedicate new national preserves, with at least several speeches on "conservation'’ being slated.' As in 1936, Mr. Roose velt thus will be traveling, and speaking, during the week of the Republican National Convention beginning this year in Philadelphia on June 24. To some, his announcement of the Western trip this year was con sidered an indication of intent to keep himself “available” for a third term nomination by the Democrats. To others, it was considered more an effort to rally the Democrats be hind his Saturday night call for “a liberal pair of candidates, run ning on a liberal and forward plat form ” Although it had been rumored for the last two months, yesterday's an nouncement of the trip was the first word from the White House. Driving his own car around the shaded dirt roads of the spacious Warm Springs Foundation, Mr. Roosevelt held his press conference in front of one of the newsmen’s cottages. Later he drove to the foundation golf course for some “kibitzing” at a golf tournament featuring White House aides, re porters. photographers and radio announcers. He told his conference that he hoped to remain here until Fri day or Saturday unless European developments call him back to the Capital earlier. Anacostia Pollution Suit Is Dismissed Justice Daniel W. O'Donoghue signed an order in District Court yes terday dismissing without prejudice a suit brought by the Izaak Walton League and others against the Washington Suburban Sanitary Dis trict and the Washington Suburban Sanitary Commission contending that sewage discharged into the Anacostia River was injurious to flsn life. Attorney Robert C. Handwerk, representing the plaintiffs, told Jus tice O’Donoghue a sewage disposal plant calculated to alleviate the al leged nuisance is being erected near Bladensburg, Md. The suit has been pending in Dis trict Court since September 17, 1938. The league, the Corinthian Yacht Club, Lewis Radcliffe and Thomas Henry Wise sought a prohibitory in junction against the Sanitary Dis trict and the commission. Repre senting the defendants was Attorney Charles W. Clagett. Camera Club Awards Contest Prizes The Camera Club of the Internal Revenue Bureau met last night at the Hayloft, 1326 Massachusetts avenue N.W., to award prizes to the following in a competition for the best pictures on the subject, “Chil dren”: First, C. E. Albright; second, R. D. Brown; third, George Kreis. At the same time, winners were announced in a competition staged at the last meeting of the group. Mr. Brown, Mr. Kreis and W. E. Rabenhorst, president of the organization, were given awards in this contest. Lives 100 Years COLUMBIA, Pa., April 23 OP).— George W. Missley, retired car penter. rounded out a century of liv ing today with this observation: “It's nice to live to be 100, but it’s too long.” * Mrs. Schelly Heads Slate Chosen by Daughters of 1812 New Officers Will Be Installed at Closing Session Tomorrow Mrs. Percy Y. Schelly of Philadel phia was nominated president na tional of the National Society, United States Daughters of 1812, today at the society’s 48th associate council in the Willard Hotel. Since candidates already have been selected and indorsed at State meetings of the society, nomination before the council is by viva voce vote, the ballot being dispensed with. No opposition to Mrs. Schelly’s elec tion is expected. Mrs. Schelly and the other new officers nominated will be installed at the closing session tomorrow and will hold office for three years. The outgoing president national is Mrs. Arthur J. O'Neill of Chicago. Other New Officers. Mrs. Lane Schofield of the Chas tleton Hotel was nominated regis trar national. Other new officers nominated included: Mrs. Henry Bourne Joy, Michigan, first vice president national: Miss Edla S. Gibson, New York, second vice president national; Mrs. Llewel lyn S. Edwards, Maine, third vice president national; Mrs. John Por ter Gibson, California, fourth vice president national; Mrs. Franklin M Miller, Illinois, chaplain nation al: Mrs. Loren Edgar Rex, Kansas, historian national; Mrs. Claude W. Pound. Ohio, treasurer national; Mrs. John Samuel Adams, Georgia, curator national, and Mrs. Albert Lyon Craig. Tennessee, correspond ing secretary. The report of the Resolutions Committee was to be given today. This morning the society heard committee reports after a proces sional march of the officers and pages. Reception Tonight. A reception will be held tonight by the officers and will be followed with the society's annual banquet. Mme. Julia Cantacuzene, grand daughter of Gen. U. S. Grant, is ex acted to make the only address, al though she is still recovering from injuries suffered recently in an au tomobile accident. Three patriotic short films will be shown. “Give Me Liberty," “The Bill of Rights” and the “Declaration of Independence." The United States Navy Band and the cadets of Edwards Military In stitute, Salemburg, N. C., will provide the music. Present at the session last night were two women whose fathers fought in the War of 1812. They were Mrs. Clara Dowling, 618 I street N.E., and Mrs. Herbert Blandy of Mount Rainier, both 86 years old. Rossiter Speaks. Last night the society heard Rear Admiral P. S. Rossiter retired sur geon general of the Navy, declare in cidents which led to the War of 1812 could not have happened if the United States had had a larger Navy, equal to or approximately the size of Great Britain's. Invasion of the United States by British forces which burned the Capitol could have been prevented with an adequate Navy, he said. Pre paredness and peace, he said, go hand in hand. Col. Frederick Gilbert Bauer, pres dent general of the General Society, War of 1812, extended his society's greetings and a flag was unfurled in respect for the “real daughters” of 1812, whose fathers actually fought in that war. Signatures on Cromwell Petitions Challenged By the Associated Press. TRENTON, N. J., April 23.—Val idity of signatures on the nominat ing petitions of Democrat James H. R. Cromwell in his bid for a United States Senate seat were protested last night by John R. Longo, youth ful Jersey City Democrat opposed to Frank Hague as the party’s leader. Mr. Longo’s written protest was received by Ernest R. Kerr, chief clerk in the Secretary of State’s of fice, who said he would refer it to Attorney General David T. Wilentz. The portest requested an investiga tion of alleged fraud in obtaining some of the signatures on Mr. Cromwell’s petition. Emphasizing that his charges were not meant to reflect on Mr. Cromwell, Mr. Longo said: “The purpose of this protest is to prove that the Hague machine is continually guilty, and particularly in the case of Mr. Cromwell, of the same charges on which I was framed, convicted by a prejudiced • • * Jury, and railroaded to pirson." j A Reds Could Paralyze New York Subways, Dies Group Told Union Has Gun Clubs Like Christian Front's, Witness Contends By the Associated Press. Thomas Humphrey O’Shea, for mer New York City subway worker, told the Dies Committee today that Communists had power at the pres ent time to paralyze the city’s trans port system. He added that members of the Transport Union, “dominated" by Communists, had organized ‘‘gun clubs” for target practice. Mr. O’Shea, now a W. P. A. worker, was asked whether the Communists could paralyze the city’s transport system under pres ent conditions. He replied, “Yes.” “The Communist leadership with its control in the union," he added, "could stampede the men into a strike.” “They have the absolute power, if they see fit to exercise it.” In replying to questions by J. B. Matthews, committee aide, concern ing “revolutionary activities in the Transport Workers’ Union” Mr. O'Shea asserted that gun clubs had been organized by union members for regular target practice. Likened to Christian Front. “They have these guns for the same reason that these 17 Christian Front people had them?” inquired Representative Thomas, Republican, of New Jersey and Mr. O'Shea assented. They apparently referred to a group of young men now being tried in New York on charges of plotting the overthrow of the Gov ernment. In a thick brogue, Mr. O'Shea related that Communists had car ried on a campaign to place mem bers in unions of men employed by the Interborough Rapid Transit Co. of New York. Asked by Chairman Dies what the purpose of this penertation was, the witness said: “Naturally it was to get control of the industry.” Communist Refuses Answers. Previously the Dies Committee met defiance from a Communist party leader. Andrew Rudolph Onda of Cleveland, who refused to supply names of other Communists lest such action subject them to "black listing" by employers. Mr. Onda took this stand despite the fact that the committee pre viously had voted contempt cita tions against other Communist party officials who refused to furnish membership lists. In their cases, the House has re ferred the record to the district at torney for presentation to a grand jury. Mr. Onda. county secretary of the party at Cleveland, refused to say whether Arnold Johnson, identified as a leader of the unemployed, was a Communist. "I know' that other persons whose names have been mentioned before this committee find it difficult to hold their jobs." Mr. Onda said. “I know that they will have difficulty getting new jobs. I don't want to become a partner to anything like that.” Identifies One Party Aide. Chairman Dies pounded for order and remarked that it seemed strange that Mr. Onda and others belonged i to an organization which they con J tended was legal and at the same time were afraid to disclose their membership in it. “We re here to get vital informa tion.” Representative Dies declared. Mr. Onda, despite Mr. Dies’ ef : forts to cut short his comments, de clared it was a fact that not only Communists, but Democrats in some instances, were discriminated against “for certain reasons.” Mr. Onda identified Yetta Land as State chairman of the Communist party in Ohio. Like some other Communist wit nesses. Mr. Onda refused to answer Representative Dies’ questions as to where his allegiance would lie in event of this country's going to war with Russia. “Is there such a war?” the witness snapped back. “In event there were such a war, what would you do?” Representative Dies persisted. There was momentary whispering between Mr. Onda and his attorney, Louis Fleischer of New York, then Mr. Onda looked up at the chairman and asked: “If there was a war between the North and South what would you do?” Dies Won’t Answer. “I'm asking the questions,” Repre sentative Dies said sharply. In a hubbub, punctuated by gavel pounding, the witness shouted that “when the time (of war with Rus sia) comes you call me back and I'll answer the question.” And Representative Dies, grinning, said: “Mr. Dies will support the United States.” Earlier, Chairman Dies said he would ask his committee to investi gate any war propaganda directed by Great Britain and France against the United States as well as purported Berlin-Moscow attempts to forestall shipments of American supplies to the allies. Asserting that the allies “are just as anxious” to obtain the aid of this country as the Commun ists and Nazis are to prevent jt, Rep resentative Dies told reporters: “This country is the big prize of the war—one side has the sym pathy of our people and doesn’t have to resort to the tricks of the Germans and Russians; both are ing their best to win us over.” Bill Asks 5-Day Week For Civilian U. S. Workers A five-day, 40-hour week for ci vilian Government workers, long ad vocated by employe organizations, was proposed in a bill introduced in the House yesterday by Representa tive Anderson, Democrat, of Mis souri. Time and one-half pay, or com pensatory time off on the same basis, is provided for overtime. The hours would not be increased in the departmental service, where a five and-one-half day week of 39 hours prevails. emment should be the best example Mr. Anderson said that the Gov of the “fairest employer” and added that with few exceptions, no maxi mums for hours of service at pres ent are set up. Skilled trades and per diem work i ers are on a five-day basis. I History and Work Of Visiting Nurses Told in Broadcast Lawrence Williams And Joshua Evans, Jr., Conduct Program An outline of the history and work of the Instructive Visiting Nurse Society was given yesterday in the form of a question-ahd-an swer program broadcast over Radio Station WOL by Lawrence Williams, president of the Washington Board of Trade, and Joshua Evans, jr., treasurer of the society. Attention was called during the broadcast to the testimonial dinner for the society, in commemoration of its 40 years of service, to be held at 6:45 pm. April 30 in the May flower Hotel under auspices of a committee whose members repre sent the Washington Board of Trade, the Council of Social Agencies of the District of Colum bia and Vicinity and the District of Columbia Medical Society. Questions regarding the society were asked in the broadcast of Mr. Williams and answered by Mr. Evans. Mr. Williams also recounted the formation of the joint com mittee, representing the three or ganizations, to go forward with the idea of paying a befitting tribute to the society. Tells of Founding. Mr. Evans told how the society was founded by three public-spirited Washingtonians, Mrs. Marv W C Bayard, Dr. Anne T. Wifsdn and Miss Emily Tuckerman, who realized the need of poor people in Washing ton who could not afford nursing care for the sick in their homes. “So these three ladies,” Mr. Evans related, “set about organizing a so ciety which would give not only nursing care to the poor sick, but would also teach and instruct them to protect themselves from illness by improved sanitary conditions. In April, 1900. the Instructive Visiting Nurse Society of Washington, D C„ was incorporated," he continued. In answer to another question Mr Evans pointed out that all the so ciety's nurses “are graduates of some of the best nursing schools in the country. All of them have to be registered to practice in the Dis trict, and besides this they have to have additional special training for this public health nursing work ” continued Mr. Evans. Care for 25.000 Patients. Mr. Evans likewise related how the nursing service is extended through the society to those who cannot af ford to pay anything, to those who can pay a very little and to those who can afford to pay more. Else where. in an answer. Mr. Evans add ed: “About 70 per cent of all visits are made to patients who cannot afford to pav. About half of the pa tients are children under 16 vears of age." For the past several years the nurses have been taking care of from 25.000 to 27.000 patients an nually, making "from 157,000 to 191.000 visits a year. Each nurse takes care of from 7 to 9 patients a day.” During its 40 years of service nurses of the society have taken care of 353.848 patients, making a total of 3,105,705 visits, Mr. Evans related. Mr. Evans also recounted a visit ing nurse's “typical day." relating the many services rendered to both young and old and persons in va rious walks of life. White House Police Bill Signed by President Increase in the White House police force is provided in a bill which President Roosevelt has signed, ac cording to word from Warm Springs Ga., today. William Hassett, secretary to the President, announced there that this and other District legislation had been approved. A request for extra White House police was made when war broke out in Europe last fall. Since then the Metropolitan Police have helped out by detailing men for special duty. The President also approved a bill amending the District Unemploy ment Compensation Act to exempt newspaper carriers under 18 years of age. Another signed measure authorizes the District Commissioners to accept a memorial fountain to members of the police department who have died in line of duty. Another bill which received executive approval provides for measures in anticipation of the 1941 presidential inauguration cere monies. Congress in Brief TODAY. Senate: In recess. Banking Committee continues hearings on proposed regulation of investment trusts. Monopoly Committee hears testi mony on technological unemploy ment. Naval Committee continues hear ings on Navy expansion bill. House: Debates bill revising the Army’s promotion system. Dies Committee hears testimony on “Communism in the transport industry ” TOMORROW. Senate: Takes up rivers and harbors bill. Agriculture Subcommittee hears Secbretary Wallace on proposed division of co-operatives in that de partment: 10:30 a.m. Foreign Relations Committee meets in executive session on rou tine business. Banking ahd Currency Subcom mittee meets on investment trust bill: 10:30 a.m. Monopoly Committee continues technological hearings; 10 am. House: Holds memorial services for de ceased members, 11:45 a.m. Ways and Means Subcommittee resumes hearings on Patman chain store bill, 10 am. Public Buildings and Grounds Committee resumes hearings on res olution relating to the exterior con struction of the new Navy Depart ment Building in Washington, 10:30 am. Merchant Marine Committee be gins hearings on resolution to sus pend a section of the Merchant Ma rine Act during the European war, 10 am. , Dies committee continues un American investigation, 10 am. A. Soil May Provide Ways to Fight Worst Diseases, Tests Show Extraction of Germ-Killing Substances Described to Academy of Sciences By THOMAS R. HENRY. Out of the grave may come elixirs of life. One of the strangest aad poten tially most significant developments in modem medical experimentation, the extraction of germ-killing sub stances from the soil, was described before the National Academy of Sci ences, meeting here today, by Drs Selman A. Wakeman and H. Boyd Woodruff of the New Jersey Agri cultural Experiment Station. Every spadeful of soil contains countless millions of almost infini tesimally minute living things. They are. the earth's ultimate scavengers. There are a vast number of varieties of them, many still unidentified by scientists. Different varieties have highly specific Jobs, the New Jersey scientists have found. When a dead animal, or human being, is placed in the earth the body rapidly disintegrates. Death mav have been due to virulent germs which are still living and have been considered a serious source of fur ther infection. But in a short time, according to the experiments de scribed today, some one of the soil I micro-organisms encounters and de vours them. This may be true for all germs, each with its own specific antagonist planted by nature in mother earth. Groups of bacteria responsible for specific diseases were placed in I samples of garden soil. Repeated tests showed that they were declin- j ing rapidly in numbers while certain specific micro-organisms present in the soil were increasing just as rap idly. They were eating the in-: vaders, their favorite food and wax-1 ing fat and prosperous. Tested for Two Types. By introducing in a soil sample a specific disease-producing bacteria it is possible to identify its par ticular antagonist as the micro organism whose numbers increase in proportion to the decline in numbers of the organism being1 tested. This has been tested, it was explained, for two types of disease bacteria. As a result the experi menters have isolated from the soil two other bacteria and several micro-organisms of the family known as actinomycetes which are their particular antagonists. A specific soil bacterium is able to fight and kill a specific disease bac terium because it is peculiarly equipped by nature to do so, just as termites are especially equipped to eat wood or cows to eat grass. They have substances of some sort in their almost infinitesimally minute bodies which inhibit the growth and activity of the particular bacteria on which Nature intended them to feed. Two active substances already have been obtained. They are chemically unidentified. One of them, in concentrations of one part to 100 in a solution, inhibited the growth of certain bacteria almost completely and showed a marked effect on the growth of others. A second was effective againt one family of bacteria in concentrations of one part of 250,000. There is a possibility that other substances will be found even more effective against other disease-producing bacteria. The significance of these discov eries, it was stressed by National Academy members who discussed the papers, is that the door mav have been opened to an armory of entirely new weapons against some of the deadliest foes of mankind. How these medicines brewed in the grave may be used to combat dis eases in the human body remains to be determined by medical experi mentation. Regulation of Breathing. A hair balance at the base of the brain regulates breathing even when a person is breathless. It deter mines how much air can be gotten into one’s lungs by policemen or fire rescue squads when they trv to resuscitate a supposedly drow-ned individual. There is apparently nothing to be done. Dr. Yandeil Henderson of Yale University told the academy, to alter this inexor- i able control by the brain breathing ' center. Normal breathing, he explained, is controlled mainly by the carbon \ dioxide produced in the body. The brain center maintains an auto- j matic, unconscious balance, so that! the volume of air allowed to enter i the lungs is exactly 20 times the vol ume of carbon dioxide which the blood brings to the lungs. A man walking slowly produces twice as much carbon dioxide as a man sit ting still, and automatically breathes twice as much air. When he exer cises violently enough to produce three times as much carbon dioxide as he does at rest, he cannot help breathing in three times as much air. But when a person is supposedly drowned, Dr. Henderson explained, air must be pumped into the lungs by an external apparatus which has no connections with the brain. He carried out an extensive series of experiments to determine whether more air might not be pumped in by some other method than that now taught in all first-aid classes. There is nothing to be dene about it, he concluded. The brain center still controls the elesaticity of the muscles of the chest, and this elas ticity in turn determines how much air can be pushed into the lungs. Hence, he said, the present revival method probably is the best that ever will be invented. Effect of Heat and Cold. Both heat and cold affect women more than men. Finding of a def inite relation between sex and tem perature in human beings was re ported to the academy by Drs. Eugene F. Dubois and James D. Hardy of the Russell Sage Institute of Pathology. The subjects, entirely nude, were tested in a device known as the calorimeter, in which the tempera ture could be varied from 22 to 35 degrees centigrade and the results measured with considerable ac curacy. At the cold level, the doc tors found, the skin temperature of women was approximately 1 degree less on the average than that of men. At the highest ‘level it was 2 degrees higher. Presumably a woman would feel colder when it is cold and warmer when it is warm, although psychological factors enter into this so much that no general rule could be laid down. The average heat loss from the naked bodies of the women, it was found, was slightly less than for the men. On the other hand. It was harder for heat froga the outside 4 [ to penetrate the flesh layers under | the women’s skins. New Order of Living Things. A new order of living things, per haps the tiniest organisms to which can be attributed all the properties of life, was described before the Academy by Dr. L. O. Kunkel of the Rockefeller Institute. They live in the juices of tobacco and tomato plants affected by mo saic disease. This is due to a fil terable virus, a substance with most of the properties of life, such as growth and reproduction, but which is not universally admitted to be living. The virus is supposed to consist of only a single very large and complex molecule. The new organisms are not vi ruses. They are so small, however, that they will pass through porce lain filters with pores so fine that even the largest of the mosaic vi ruses themselves cannot get through. They apparently live in close asso ciation with the viruses, although they have been isolated from the Juices of apparently healthy plants. These organisms, Dr. Kinkel said, produce characteristic translucent colonies which resemble spherical crystals. These crystals are made up of radiating needle-shaped or plate shaped structures which can be dis solved in diluted solution or sodium or potassium hydroxide. When films from which colonies have been dis solved are dried and stained large numbers of minute, spherical parti cles are revealed under the micro scope. These particles may occur singly or in chains of two, three or four. The chains, said Dr. Kunkel, suggest that the particles are minute cells and that reproduction occurs by division, as in the bacteria and protozoa—larger and more advanced families of one-celled life. Three Children Hurt In Auto Accidents Three children were in District hospitals today with injuries re ceived in automobile accidents yes terday. Ralph M. Daniels. 12. of Alexan dria. Va., was in Children's Hospital with a possible fractured skull and other injuries received in an acci dent near Tysons Comers. Va. He was taken to the hospital from Mc Lean. Va., by a private physician. Robert Rohme, 6. of 64 K street N.W. was in serious condition at Casualty Hospital. He was injured internally when he fell from a truck near his home yesterday. Norman S. Chisley, 4. colored, of 89 N street S.E. was in Gallinger Hospital with minor injuries re ceived when knocked down by an automobile near his home yesterday. Ole Osen, 40, of 1414 Sixteenth street N.W_ a photographer, was in Emergency Hospital after being struck by a car near his home. Joseph W. Hancker, 27, of Arling ton. Va., was in Gallinger Hospital with injuries received in an acci dent in the 1400 block of Pennsyl vania avenue S.E. His condition was not believed serious. James Harley. 45, colored, of 4908 Benning road S.E. was removed to Emergency Hospital yesterday after an accident in the 2600 block of Pennsylvania avenue N.W. Speaker Bankhead Leaves for Capital By the Associated Press. MIAMI BEACH. Fla., April 23 — Speaker Bankhead of the House of Representatives. 5 pounds heavier than when he arrived and nearly re covered from an attack of intestinal influenza, departed last night for Washington. He and Mrs. Bankhead planned a stopover at an undisclosed place in North Carolina. The Alabaman, asked whether his State's delegation would offer his name as a presidential nominee at the Democratic National Conven tion, commented: "Who the nominee will be is a matter of great uncertainty, largely due to the attitude of silence on the part of the President.” Weather Report (Furnished by the United States Weather Bureau.) District of Columbia—Occasional rain tonight and tomorrow; not much change in temperature; lowest temperature tonight about 44 de grees: gentle shifting winds becoming moderate easterly. Maryland—Cloudy, followed by occasional rain tomorrow and in west portion tonight: not much change in temperature. Virginia—Occasional rain tonight and tomorrow; slightly warmer in interior tonight. West Virginia—Occasional rain tonight and tomorrow; warmer to night. I The Atlantic storm continues to move^ slowly east-northeastward and was cen tered this morning about Too miles east or Boston, Mass., with lowest pressure ap proximately OKo millibars (‘>8.04 inches) It is accompanied by strong winds and gales over a wide area. Another disturb ance of moderate intensity is moving slow ly eastward over the Mississippi Valley Cairo. 111. 1.007.1 millibars (20.74 inches). Pressure is rising over the Plains States. .L*ke-. N tP»k • 1.027.4 millibars <30..14 Inches), while a slight ridge of high pressure extends from the eastern portion thw,S.r.eaLP4kes region southward over the Middle rnd South Atlantic States. A new disturbance has developed over the Plateau region. Boise. Idaho. 1.004.7 millt ”ar® *28.67 inches) Moderate rains have occurred in the Central Valleys. Tempera it?r's c°n11 nuet low In the Atlantic States, but they have risen somewhat In portions States ° ^a*leT and the east gulf Record far Last 24 Honrs. . . Temperature, Barometer. Yesterday— degrees. Inches. 4 p.m- 53 29.76 8 p.m.- 49 29.86 Midnight - 45 29.92 Today— 4 a.m- 41 29.93 8 a.m- 45 29.98 Noon- 53 29.99 Record for Last 24 Hours. tProm noon yesterday to noon today.) Highest, 54, 4:10 P.m. yesterday. Year ago. 76. Lowest, 38. 5:45 a.m. today. Year ago. 42. Record Temperature! This Year. Highest. 75, on April 4. lowest, 7. on January 29. Humidity fur Last 24 Hours. (Prom noon yesterday to noon today.) Highest. 72 per cent, at 4:15 p.m. today. Lowest, 38 per cent, at noon today. The Sun and Moon. . . J Rises. Seta. Sun, today_ 5:21 6:52 Sun. tomorrow_ 6:20 6:53 Moon, today_ 8:48 p.m. 6:27 a.m. Automobile lights must bo turned on one-half hour after sunset. Preeisitatlea. Monthly precipitation In lnchea In the Capital (current month to date): Month. 1940. Av'ge. Record. January - 2.12 3.55 7.83 ‘37 Pebruary- 2.77 3.27 6.84 ‘84 March- 3.42 3.75 8.84 ‘91 April _ 6.19 3.27 9.13 ‘89 May- ... 3.70 10.69 '89 Juno - ... 4.13 10.94 ‘00 July - ... 4.71 10.63 ‘86 August __ 4.01 14.41 '28 September_ ... 3.24 17.45 ’34 October --- 2.84 8.81 ‘37 November _ ... 2.37 8.69 ‘89 December__ 3.32 7.56 ’01 4 9---— River Report. Potomac and Shenandoah Rivera muddy at Harpers Ferry. Potomac muddy at Great Falls today. Tide Tablea. (Furnished by United States Coast and Geodetic Survey.) Today. Tomorrow. High - 8:40 a m. 0:33 a.m. - 3:00 a.m. 3:55 a.m. High- 9:13 p.m. 10:02 o.m. Low- 3:42 p.m. 4:30 p.m. Weather in Various Cities. _ /-Temp.-. Rain Baro. High. Low. fall. Weather. Abilene... 20.07 02 50 Clear Albany ... 29.88 38 34 0.11 cloudy Atlanta 20.88 72 50 Cloudv Allan. City 20.04 40 35 I” c&a? Batimore 30.00 40 38 ..I Cloudy Birm gham 20 80 88 52 Rain Bismarck . 30.30 53 25 I ' clear Boston . 20.71 40 35 0.01 cloudy Buffalo 30.08 43 20 . Clear Charleston 20.07 72 63 C ear Chicago 20.88 67 4.3 I” Cloudy Cincinnati 20.04 00 44 .. C oudy Cleveland 30.03 54 20 . Cloudy Columbia 29.77 7.3 42 - rinnSI Davenport 29.88 05 47 0.09 Rain Denver 30.00 54 35 Cloudy Des Moines 20.88 02 43 0 98 Rain Detroit __ 30.00 58 32 . Cloudy S3 Paso _ 29.80 82 50 .I- Rain Ga veston. 29.83 75 00 __ Cloudy Helena ... 29.91 57 35 . C oudy Huron 30.21 50 32 0.04 C ear ino n?*?1* "9.88 04 40 ... c oudy Jacks ville 30.00 78 58 Cloudy Kans. City 20.77 82 40 0.88 Rain L Angeles 29.88 85 59 _ Cloudy Louisville. 20.88 05 50 ... Cloudy Miami 30.00 73 81 ... Clear MpK-st. p. 30.08 88 38 ... cloudy N Orleans 29.88 78 80 . Cloudy New York. 29.88 43 37 0 05 Clear Norfolk 30.03 61 43 _ a“dV Okla City 30.00 72 47 Clear — 30 90 49 43 0.63 Rain Phil* -. 29.97 4J> 37 Clear Phoenix 29.80 90 82 1.1 CToudy Pittsburgh 30.0.3 52 36 Cloudy P»n.d-Me 29.68 40 37 0.29 cloudy P1 nd Org. 29.86 87 40 0.08 Rain Raleigh 30.03 86 37 Cloudy St. Ikjuls 20.74 65 50 0.29 Rain 8. Lake C. 29.74 80 42 ... Cloudy S. Antonio 29.83 03 67 _ Cloudv San Diego 29.88 71 50 Cloudy S. Fr'clsco 29.88 68 so Cloudy Seattle .. 29.83 75 50 0.88 Rain Spokane . 29.71 80 50 Cloudy Tampa 29 97 75 55 _ Clear WASH ,D.C. 30.00 54 38 _ Cloudy FOREIGN STATIONS. iNoon. Greenwich time, today.) Horta (Fayal). Asores 69 Cloudy (Current obsarvgtlona.) San Juan. Puerto Rico. 81 Cloudy Havana. Cuba _ 84 Sear Colon. Canal Zona_ 81 Cloudy Labor-Security Bill Report Omits Ban On Over-Quotas Senators Kill House Rider on Appointments; 23-Millon Cut Made The Senate Appropriations Com mittee today struck from the Labor Federal Security appropriation bill a House rider which sought to bar appointment of non-civil employes in these agencies in excess of their State quotas on the basis of popula tion. The amendment involved the same issue now being fought out on a wider scale by the Senate Civil Service Committee, considering the Ramspeck bill, in which the House voted to prohibit the extension of civil service status to non-civil serv ice employes if they came from states that are above their quotas unaer the civil service apportion ment law. The Ramspeck bill would affect thousands of employes of Maryland, Virginia, the District of Columbia and 14 other States. $23,585,030 Net Cut. The Senate Committee made a net cut of $23,585,030 in the Labor Federal Security bill, before report ing it out carrying a total of $998, 054,670. The biggest reduction was $25, 000,000 taken from the Civilian Con servation Corps, offset by increases of $1,045,000 for wage-hour law ad ministration, $253,000 for the Na tional Labor Relations Board and several smaller increases. In addi tion to the C. C. C. cut, smaller re ductions were made in Labor De partment bureaus. Still Exceeds Estimates. Even with this net reduction be low the House, however, the bill still exceeds the budget estimates by $32,066,028, and the appropriation for the current year by $24,746,800. The subcommittee that drafted the measure had recommended re tention of the House ban on ap pointments from over-quota States, with a slight change applying it to the Civilian Conservation Corps, which the House had exempted. When the entire Senate committee met this morning, however, it ; knocked out the restriction. If the Senate upholds the com I mittee's action, the fate of the limi tation will rest finally with the con I ferees for both houses. , Investment Association Asks Self-Regulation By the Associated Press. Spokesmen for the Investment i Counsel Association of America pro ! tested yesterday to a Senate bank ing subcommittee a proposal to sub ject their business to Federal regu lation. urging that they be per mitted to perfect self-regulation instead. One provision of pending legisla tion to regulate investment trusts and investment companies would re quire registration also of investment advisers. Dwight C. Rose of New York, president of the association, told the committee the proposal would im pose “uncertain and indefinite in quisition and regulation." "The number of people presently engaged in the giving of investment advice for remuneration, exclusive of banks and lawyers, is not an ex tensive enterprise,” he said. “The strictly professional section of such advisers is undertaking self-regula j tion with some success. "The various States, as well as j the Federal Government, now have laws against fraud which cover any serious abuses which may arise. ; Therefore, until further develop i ment of the profession has taken place we believe that regulation could most effectively be left to the profession and to existing laws against fraud.” Douglas T. Johnston, vice presi dent, and Rudolf P. Berle, general counsel of the association, also ex pressed opposition to the measure. Work Didn't Hurt Him LOS ANGELES UP).—The career of Kasper Kerkorian. who has died at the age of 115, indicated he thrived on hard work. Up to the age of 103 he actively farmed his own land.