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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, May 10, 1940, Image 2

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Allies Beaten Again
In Swiftness'Only
Italian Comment
Diplomatic Circles Feel
Duce Not Yet Ready
To Get Into War
ST the Associated Press.
ROME, May 10.—Italy accepted
the German Invasion of Belgium,
the Netherlands and Luxembourg
today as another defeat in speed for
the allies without involving Italy
In the war.
Newspapers announced the inva
sion with streamer headlines, with
"Allies Beaten Once Again in Swift
ness,” their only comment.
Rome was criss-crossed by a net
work of feverish diplomatic activity
as Ambassadors exchanged views,
eome of them calling at the Foreign
The Belgian Ambassador, Count
Andre de Kerchove, saw Foreign
Minister Count Ciano, presumably
to inform him of Belgium's reaction
to the invasion.
Italy Expected to Wait.
It was assumed the British and
French Ambassadors also would
seek Interviews for a similar pur
The almost unanimous impression
In diplomatic circles was that
Premier Mussolini would keep Italy
out of the war until the meaning of
its new stroke and its repercussions
became apparent.
United States Ambassador Wil
liam Phillips was summoned to the
Chigi Palace today to see Count
Confidence that Italy is remain
ing out of the war for the present
was indicated by the United States
Embassy in refraining from advis
ing Americans in Rome to leave the
Considered Significant.
The absence of any such recom
mendation even in the wake of the
German invasion of Belgium, Hol
land and Luxembourg was consid
ered significant.
While diplomats awaited a defini
tion of Italian policy, many specu
lated on the possible influence King
Victor Emmanuel might exert, since
Italy’s Princess Marie Jose is a sis
ter of King Leopold III of Belgium.
Marie Jose is the wife of Crown
Prince Umberto of Italy, who com
mands Italy's northern armies.
The first Italian news of Hitler’s
move came In a brief dispatch by
Stefani, official news agency. Even
then some officials of the Italian
press ministry said they were un
aware of the news.
(Continued From First Page.)
in a radio address last September,
when the wheels of . war were begin
ning to roll in Europe.
“I hope the United States will
keep out of this wir,” he said at that
time. "I believe thjft it will. And I
give you assurances that every effort
of your Government will be directed
toward that end. »
“As long as it remains within my
power to prevent, there will be no
blackout of peace In tlid United
Just before meeting the press, the
President conferred for more than
an hour with three cabinet officers
and Army-Navy chieftains. Sum
moned to the White House were
Secretary of State Hull, Undersecre
tary Stunner Welles, Attorney Gen
eral Jackson, Secretary of Treasury
Morgenthau, Gen. George C. Mar
shall, Army chief of staff, and Ad
miral Harold R. stark, chief of
naval operations. Questioned at the
press conference as to whether any
broad decisions had been made dur
ing this meeting with his advisers,
the President replied they had not,
but said many things are under
study. He said he did not believe
these matters should be given the
•tatus of news at the present time.
Mr. Roosevelt said specifically that
l^o change in the combat zone for
r erican shipping is contemplated
present. He had been asked if
tfie zone might be drawn around
colonial possesisons of the Dutch
«hd Belgian governments.
J The President said the reported
bombing of Brussels, an open city
s(ich as the Germans had pledged
would not be attacked from the air,
was one of the problems under study.
! Avoids East Indies Question,
i Mr. Roosevelt said he had given
po thought to the possibility of ask
ing Congress to remain in session in
Hiew of the increasingly acute Euro
pean situation.
■ By remarking that there were too
$any “ifs” in the question, he
turned aside an inquiry as to
whether it would make any differ
$ice if Japan or Germany should
attempt to take over Dutch East
J The President said he has not yet
written his speech for tonight before
tjie Pan American Scientific Con
gress and that he could not say
whether the address will deal with
tfie international situation.
> Receives Danish Minister.
! Immediately after his press con
ference, the Chief Executive received
the Danish Minister, Henrik de
$auffmann. Mr. de Kauffmann
presented to Mr. Roosevelt a resolu
tion adopted by the United Green
land Councils at Godhavn, Green
land, on May 3. thanking this Gov
ernment and the American people
fbr their sympathies and help for
• ‘‘It is our hope,” the resolution
•id, "that • • • the United States
Government will continue to hold
1}» mind the exposed position of the
Danish flag in Greenland, of the
native Greenland and Danish popu
lation and of established public
order. We hope that the United
States Government, talcing into ac
count our Isolated geographical po
rtion, will facilitate the import of
necessities and the export of our
; Shortly after noon the President
received Dr. A, Loudon, Netherlands
Minister here. Later he was to see
Count von der Straten-Ponthoz,
Ambassador from Belgium.
J Following the White House con
ference Admiral Stark indicated
(hat the United States Fleet would
femaln In Hawaiian, waters for
tome time despite the dOmpletlon of
war maneuvers In the area.
| He said there s was *"no' change
Whatever” in the status of the
• Asked whether Where was any
thing to reports fthat the Navy’s
fighting vessels were moving toward
the Philippines, Admiral Stark said
that so far as be knew they were
nothing but "thin air.”
Possibly, he said, some ships may
HURRIES F^OR CRISIS TALK—Dr. Alexander Loudon (left), the
Netherlands Minister, hurried back to Washington today by
plane from New York, and a few minutes later was in conference
at the State Department on the Invasion of his country by
Germany. —A. P. Photo.
Nazi Demands Follow Army
Note Handed Holland at Least
Three Hours After Invasion Begins
| By the Associated Press.
THE HAGUE, May 10.—A diplo
matic duel was fought behind the
scenes in this Netherlands’ capital
at dawn today—at least three hours
after Germany had started her in
At 6 a.m. the German Minister,
Dr. Julius Count von Zech Sonst
von Burkersroda, called upon Neth
erlands Foreign Minister Eelco N.
Vankleffens and presented the fol
lowing note:
“We announce the coming of an
enormous Germany Army. Every
resistance is absolutely useless.
"Germany guarantees the present
status of possession (of the Nether
lands) in Europe as well as over
seas. as well as the dynasty, if every
resistance is dropped. If not, then
there is danger of complete an
nihilation of the country and of
the state s government.
“Therefore, we recommend you
urgently to address a summons to
have headed in the general direction
of the Philippines as part of routine
activities, but that did not indicate
they were proceeding to those is-1
Speculation has arisen over what
the United States might do with
reference to the Dutch East Indies
as a result of the invasion of the
Asked if it were possible to base
the fleet in the Philippines, Admiral
Stark said: “Anything is possible,
but I had not even given any
thought to it.”
“How about Guam?” he was
“There is no change In that sit
uation, absolutely none,” the ad
miral replied.
First formal recognition by this
Government of actual involvement
of the three lowland nations came
in the early morning hours as Presi
dent Roosevelt ordered Sec
retary Morgenthau to initiate
proper action before American
financial markets opened for the
“freezing” of credits and other
assets of these countries in the
United States. Shortly before 6
o’clock an Executive order effecting
this decision was signed by the
Similar action was first taken
after. German invasion of Denmark
and Norway early last month, with
explicit statutory authorization sub
sequently being enacted by Con
The order gives to the Secretary
of Treasury veto authority over any
movement or transfer of assets of
the nations involved which actually
are within the United States, barring
any effort to send such assets to the
countries affected or any effort by
Nazi officials to take possession of
them here.
Regulations making the ortler op
erative were transmitted at once by
Secretary Morgenthau to all Fed
eral Reserve Banks.
According to the Associated Press,
latest estimates of Dutch and Bel
gian cash deposits in this country
were about $200,000,000 and $166,
000.000, respectively. Additional se
curities and some gold also are held
here by the governments and some
of their citizens.
It is expected, of course, that
Treasury permission will be given
to accredited representatives of the
invade^ governments to make use
of the funds. Dr. Loudon a few
days ago was appointed paymaster
for the entire foreign service of his
government in event it became em
broiled in the war.
To the midmoming conference at
the White House, the President’s ad
visers brought all information gath
ered in a night of cable and tele
phonic communications with our
representatives abroad. Frequent
contact was being maintained today
between the White House, the State
Department and the principal Euro
pean listening posts.
Dutch and Belgian diplomatic of
fices here likewise established con
tact with their governments and
were expected to present whatever
information they could gather to the
State Department.
Initial notice here of the German
aggression against the neutral low
land countries was telephoned by
John Cudahy, American Ambassa
dor to Belgium and Minister to Lux
embourg. in a telephone conversa
tion from Brussels with President
the nation and the military forces
and furthermore to enter into com
munication with German military
"The motives are: We have tn
deniable proofs of an immediately
threatening invasion by France and
England of Belgium, the Nether
lands and Luxembourg, which in
vasion had been prepared long ago
with the privity (knowledge) oi
Holland and Belgium, with the aim
to attack the Ruhrgebiet (Ruhr
To this Vankleffens answered:
"Her majesty's government denies
the supposition that any hostile
agreement has been brought about
with any foreign power against Ger
"On account of this unexampled
assault, undertaken without warn
ing on Germany’s part agamso the
Netherlands, the Dutch government
considers itself to be at war with
the German Reich.”
Summary of
Today's Star
Comics C-10-11
Editorials ..A-18
Lost, Pound C-5
Obituary —A-12
Radio .C-10
Serial Story B-8
8ociety _B-3
Sports _C-l-4
Pl« R.14
Roosevelt confers with diplomatic
and defense advisers. Page A-l
The Netherlands denies any pacts
against Germans. Page A-12
Congressional survey of Navy’s ship,
plane program planned.Page A-l ’
House vote for more farm funds
threatens debt limit. Page A-14
P. Wayland Ayer Cup awarded New
York Times. Page B-5
Washington and Vicinity
Jobless Act amendment seems doom
ed at this session. Page B-l
Senate expected to pass $49,697,340
D. C. bill Monday. Page B-l
Forty per cent of symphony fund re
ported pledged. Page B-l
Editorial and Comment
This and That. Page A-10
Answers to Questions. Page A-10
Letters to The Star. Page A-10
David Lawrence. Page A-ll
Alsop and Kintner. Page A-ll
Frederic William Wile. Page A-ll
Constantine Brown. Page A-ll
Charles G. Ross. Page A-ll
Nature’s Children. Page C-S
Vital Statistics. Page B-21
Bedtime Story. Page C-10
Letter-Out. Page C-10
Winning Contract. Page C-10
Uncle Ray’s Corner. PageC-11
Cross-Word Puzzle. PageC-11
Roosevelt early last evening, the
Ambassador Informed the Chief
Executive that the Belgian cabinet
was then in session and that a
German attack was believed immi
Shortly before midnight, approxi
mately daybreak there, the Ambas
sador called Secretary Hull to in
form him that invasion of both Bel
gium and Luxembourg had begun.
At about the same time, George
A. Gordon, United States Minister
to The Netherlands, called to say
Holland also had been attacked and
that the Dutch government for
mally had declared itself in a state
of war with Germany and had asked
aid of Britain and France.
Calls also were received during the
night from Ambassador Joseph P.
Kennedy at London and William
C. Bullitt at Paris.
Immediately upon receipt of the
first of these messages. Secretary
Hull hastened to the State Depart
ment and called the following into
consultation: Undersecretary Welles,
Assistant Secretaries Adolph Berle
and Breckenrldge Long, Special
Assistant James Dunn, European
Division Chief J. Plerrepont Mof
fat and Prgss Relations Chief Mi
chael McDermott.
Rubber Plane Tank
Survives Bullets;
May Go to Allies
Tests Show New Fuel
Containers for Aircraft
Resist Leakage
BUr BUS Correipondent.
MIDDLE RIVER, Md„ May 10.—
The allies may soorf be receiving
American warplanes equipped with
a self-sealing, flre-retarding fuel
tank which MaJ. Gen. H. H. Arnold
listed as a "must” for future United
States planes.
At the conclusion of tests con
ducted at the Glenn L. Martin Co.
proving ground yesterday during
which bursts of machine gun bullets
failed to cause leakage to the new
tank, W. K. Ebel, chief engineer,
disclosed that France will receive
the new tanks in Martin bombers
"in about six months.” He the
tank was superior to those developed
by belligerents.
Reports reaching him "from extra
good sources” in Europe, Mr. Ebel
said, indicated “that about 75 per
cent” of warplane combat
in the first few months of the Eu
ropean war “were caused by fuel
Tank of Synthetic Rubber.
The new tank, made of synthetic
rubber about a quarter-inch thick
was developed in the Martin labora
tories under the direction of R. B.
Gray. Its composition is strictly
confidential, officials declared in
warning newsmen not to ask “too
many questions on how it works.”
The gasoline is believed to set up a
chemical reaction which aids in clos
ing the punctures.
The tests showed conclusively that
the tank is self-sealing under the
impact of 30 caliber bullets. A
tracer bullet included in the machine
gun burst passed through the tank
without causing damaged. A minute
leakage followed the Impact of the
bullet, but the punctures seemed to
close almost Immediately. Eight
bullets were fired at a range of 50
yards and when the tank was in
spected the punctures appeared only
as slits and tiny holes that had been
effectively closeji.
Resists Heavy Slug.
No test was made yesterday with
the .50-caliber machine gun which
fires a heavy slug. But in the
laboratory' newsmen were shown
tanks which had withstood such
fire without ill effect. Some of
the laboratory^ tanks had been
patched with the same material
used in closing' punctures on inner
tubes of automobiles. Mr. Gray ex
plained, however, that this was used
merely in reinforcing the fabric for
further tests and that the punctures
had healed effectively without the
use of patching.
Mr. Gray admitted that punctures
created by high explosive, which
might be caused by anti-aircraft
guns and small cannon now being
Installed in warplanes, might dam
age the tank irreparably. Moreover,
•‘a lucky shot” across the edge
might te*r away a comer and thus
create damage beyond healing, he
By contrast, Martin officials fired
a machine gun burst, which included
several tracer bullets, into the older
type of metal tank. It burst into
flame almost Instantly, as the highly
volatile gasoline spilled into a dug
out. The machine gun was also
fired into two metal tanks filled with
seawater and both were emptied in
a few seconds. Where the bullets
left the tank, holes large enough to
admit a football were punched
through the aluminum alloy.
Difference in Weight.
Several Army and Navy ofScers
viewed the tests, but declined to
comment. One pointed out, how
ever, that in contrast to fuel tanks
now in use which are made an in
tegral part of the structure, the
synthetic rubber tank would in
crease slightly the weight of a
plane. Martin officials claimed,
however, it would decrease the
weight carried and permit easier
The tank can be stuffed into small
openings, and as it is filled with
fuel it expands into any shape per
mitted by the space. The Army is
reported to be experimenting with
a similar type of tank. Germany
has been using a self-sealing tank
made of fiber, rubber compounds
and rawhide. The airfleets of Great
Britain and France are reported to
have a leak-retarding tank similar
in many aspects to the Mareng Cell
perfected by the Martin company
in 1935.
(Continued From First Page.)
ing and had three air raid alarms
in the early afternoon.
7 Killed, M Mounded.
While the first wave of Nazi bomb
ers took a toll of at leapt 7 killed
and 80 wounded throughout the
country, the Foreign Ministry said
the German land forces were halted
by Belgian troops entrenched behind
the "demolition line,” a first-defense
area of destroyed bridges and roads
and other barriers.
King Leopold III ordered com
plete mobilization and took active
command of all the armed forces.
At the same time Foreign minister
Paul Henri Spaak, in a note to Ger
man Ambassador Buiow-Schwante,
announced, "Belgium will defend
herself with all means * • * and can
not be vanquished.”
Two children were killed and 50
persons wounded in the air raid on
Brussels. The Brussels airport also
was bombed.
Bombs fell on numerous railway
stations in the heart ol the country.
Both Britain and France promised
quick aid against the German blow,
which came without warning in an
attempt to clear a route into France
and secure bases for attacking Eng
Foreign Minister Spaak, implor
ing assistant "without delay,” told
the French and British Ambassadors
the Belgian government “has decided
to resist with all its powers.”
King to Address Chamber.
The King prepared to address a
special session of the Chamber of
A hospital for the Insane at
Mortsel was reported to have been
set afire by bombs. (This report
was denied immediately in Ger
many, where it was said Adolf
Hitter had given explicit orders
that hospitals marked with the Red
ICrdse were hot to be bombed.)
The text of the note handed to
the German Ambassador follows:
"Germany for the second time has
Invaded neutral and loyal Belgium.
SELF-SEALING FUEL TANK FOR PLANES—The metal gasoline tank at left, used in American
warplanes, burst into flame when struck by tracer bullets at the Glenn L. Martin Co. plant,
Middle River, Md. The tank at right, made of a self-sealing synthetic rubber, was not affeoted
by tracer bullets, and the holes were quickly sealed. The new tank was developed by the company
for use in its bombers.
J. C. Deweese (left), testing engineer, and R. B. Gray (right), laboratory head, at the Martin
plant, inspect damage to the aluminum alloy fuel tank cover which was peppered by a .30-caliber
machine gun. Despite the damage, the contents of the tank did not leak out.
Mr. Gray points to the leakage caused by machine gun slugs in an ordinary metal tank, SUch
as now installed in most combat planes. In actual combat the plane receiving the burst would
possibly crash in flames or fall to return to its base lor lack of fuel. —A. P. Photos.
The present invasion is even worse
than that of 1914.
“No ultimatum was given. No
official notification. No protests.
"Instead, a direct attack, violating
the neutrality of the country.
“This attitude deprived Germany
of any Justification. This violation
will hurt the conscience of the en
tire world abroad.
“Belgium is resolved to defend
herself by all means. She has the
right with her and cannot be van
Nasi Note Delivered.
After the first bombing of Brus
sels, German Ambassador Von
Bulow-Schwante delivered to For
eign Minister Spaak a note saying
a “tremendous” German army was
marching into Belgium and neigh
boring Holland and Luxembourg to
forestall an allied attack.
The note asked the Belgians not
to resist and promised to preserve
their country.
Even before the Ambassador
spoke, Spaak reported “the answer
is negative” and handed him a note
saying Belgium would defend her
self against an invasion worse than
that of 1914.
“Brussels has been attacked by
air despite being an open city de
prived of military,” said the Foreign
Minister, “and no troops will march
across it.”
Since the first wave, Brussels itself
has not been bombed. However, the
three air raid alarms were sounded.
Twenty-nine German planes were
reported over the Province of Bra
bant and others over Limbourg,
both adjoining the Netherlands bor
der. Anti-aircraft fire could be
Belgians cheered the arrival of
the first cars flying allied flags.
German diplomats were confined
to their Embassy, near which a
bomb fell this morning, and all other
Germans in the capital—several
thousand—were arrested.
Warned of Saboteur*. ‘
The government warned that Ger
man parachute troops already had
been landed in Northern Belgium
and told the people to watch out tor
them and for saboteurs.
Soldiers on leave hastened to re
join units which have been in the
field since September.
German airmen raided Antwerp
and Jemelle, an important railway
center in the Southeast on the main
line between Brussels and Luxem
bourg. Aerial fights were reported
over Touraai, 45 miles west of
Brussels. ,
The censorship which was
clamped down during the night was
relaxed about 7 am. today, but all
communications were ordered cut
again at 9:30 am. The government
office area was surrounded by
As people in Brussels recovered
from the first shock, flags blos
somed in the streets, people strolled
In the center of the town, and trol
leys and automobiles ran as usual.
Martial Law Preclaimed.
Martial law was proclaimed and
the King drafted notes for all neu
tral countries. Whether Belgium con
sidered herself in a legal state of
war with Germany was not made
The Belgian government appealed
to France and Great Britain “to
safeguard our independence.”
Ambulances clanged continuously
through the streets of Brussels, ap
parently bearing wounded.
Firing of anti-aircraft guns was
halted shortly before 7 am. and
no bombing had been heard an hour
isier. lToneys ran uninterrupted
and military dispatch riders dashed
through the streets on motorcycles.
It was reported her* that the
Germans had dropped leaflets cm the
Netherlands capital, The Hague, say
ing Germany was attacking Great
Britain and that the population
must abstain from attacking the
The Brussels radio announced
German troops crossed the fron
tier of Belgium at four points. Ar
tillery fire was heard on the Ger
man-Belgian frontier.
Parachute troops, said the Brus
sels radio, dropped from German
planes at Nivelles, less than 20
miles directly south of Brussels and
at St. Trond, 40 miles due east.
Troops were also landed at Hasselt,
in Eastern Belgium.
Schools Ordered Closed.
Violent explosions of anti-aircraft
fire were heard over the city where
the cabinet had been sitting in
extraordinary session since 1 am.
In a communique, the Belgian
government urged the population to
remain calm, ordered schools closed
and the nation blacked out at night.
Every one was advised to take cover
from air bombs.
The cabinet remained in perma
nent session after Premier Pierlot
conferred with the King.
Antwerp and its airport was
bombed early today. The railway
station at Jemelle, in Hie southeast
corner of Belgium not far from the
Luxembourg frontier, was reported
In flames.
More than 100 German planes
roared over Brussels and its airport
was subjected to heavy bombing
Weather Report -
(FurnUhtd by the United State* Weather Bureau.)
District of Columbia—Fair tonight; tomorrow cloudy, followed by
light showers; little change in temperature; lowest tonight about 50
degrees; light variable winds, becoming moderate northerly late tomorrow
Maryland—Fair and continued cool tonight; tomorrow cloudy fol
lowed by light showers in west and central portions.
Virginia—Fair tonight; tomorrow mostly cloudy, followed by light
showers in west portion; continued cool.
West Virginia—Light showers beginning late tonight or early tomor
row; slightly warmer in northeast portion tonight; cooler in northwest
portion tomorrow.
A small disturbance is moving eastward
near latitude 30° N. and longitude 55° W.
with lowest pressure about 1008 miUibari
<29.77 inches), attended bx fresh to strong
winds over a small area. Another is cen
tered about 200 miles south-southeast ol
Cape Hstteras. moving east-northeastward,
apparently with Increasing intensity and
lowest pressure about 1007 millibars
<29.74 inches). Pressure is relatively low
from Lake Huron southwestward over the
Lower Missouri Valley. Concordia. Kans..
1017.3 millibars <30.04 inches), followed
by rising pressure over the Northern Plains
and the extreme Upper Mississippi Valley.
Bismarck. N. Dak.. 1028.1 millibars <30.30
Inches). During the last 24 hours there
have been showers in the West Gulf States
and portions of the Southeastern States,
while light showers occurred in the Upper
Mississippi Valley. Temperatures have
fallen from the Carolines westward over
Tennessee and Arkansas.
River Reoart.
Potomac and Shenandoah Rivers clear
at Harpers Perry; Potomac clear at Great
Palls today.
Report for Last 24 Hoars.
Temperature. Barometer.
Testerday— degrees. inches.
4 p.m._ 00 29.92
8 p.m._ 01 29.93
Midnight_ 68 29.96
4 a.m._ 63 29.98
8 a.m._ 64 30.93
Noon- 64 29.98
Raeord far Last 24 Hoars.
(Prom noon yesterday to noon today.)
Highest. 66, 4 P.m. yesterday. Tear ago,
Lowest. 48. 6 a.m. today. Tear ago. 63.
Record Tempera tarsa This Tear.
Highest. 86. on May 7.
Lowest. 7. on January 29.
HaasMity far Last 24 Hoars.
(Prom noon yesterday to noon today.4
Highest. 69 per cent, at 6:69 a.m. today.
Lowest. 24 per cent, at noon today.
Tide Tables.
(Punished by United States Coast and
Oeodetie Survey.)
High- »:£?£. ToTnTS;
^w--— 4:97 a.m. 4:47 a.m.
High-19:16 p.m. 11:92 p.m.
Lo*-- 4:62 p.m. 6:32 p.m.
The Ban and Mean.
___ Rises. Bets.
gun. today- 6:91 7:99
Bun. tomorrow _ 6:99 7:10
Moon, today — •-p.m.
2,000 More Hanes
Ordered by Allies
From U. S. Plants
War Department to Aik
Funds for 200 Bombers
To Bolster Defenses 1 ’
■j tht AuoclaUd Pres*.
Aviation authorities sakl today
that the British and French govern
ments have ordered 2,000 or more
additional American-made war
planes in the last few days.
The new contracts, for the latest
type fighting planes and bombers
developed for the United States
Army Air Corps, were said to have
boosted the allies’ purchases within
the last month to 4,000 or more mili
tary aircraft.
At the same time, it was disclosed
that the War Department intends
to recommend to President Roosevelt
that Congress be asked for funds
immediately to build 200 long-range,
four-motor bombers to reinforce
Western Hemisphere defenses.
The additional bombers would be
a part of the 6,000-plane quota
which Congress authorized for the
Air Corps last year. Fifty-two of
the big bombers, which cost about
$400,000 each, are in service, and
200 others are on order.
The latest allied plane purchases
coincided with authoritative reports
that the Anglo-French purchasing
mission contemplated relying more
heavily on the United States for
aerial reinforcements than originally
planned, in view of the European
war’s new turn and official admis
sions by the British that the allies
were inferior to Germany in air
The latest orders included an un
disclosed number of Martin bombers
and of a fast new pursuit plane
developed for the Air Corps by the
North American Aviation Corp,
Inglewood, Calif.
(Continued From First Page.)
eery of the American Legation, Mr.
Gordon added. One of the planes
crashed within a hundred yards of
the chancery.
Mr. Gordon was Informed by
Dutch officials that German ground
forces had attacked along the entire
eastern frontier while the Nazis air
force bombed all airports.
Mr. Cudahy "broke the news”
about Germany's invasion of Bel
gium, Holland and Luxembourg
several hours before it happened.
Brig. Gen. Edwin M. Watson, sec
retary to President Roosevelt, told
reporters today that Mr. Cudahy
telephoned him at his home between
ft:30 and 9 o'clock last night, after
he had failed to get the President,
who was still at dinner.
"Cudahy hit it exactly." Gen. Wat
son said. "The remarkable thing
about it is that he said ‘its going
to be Belgium, Holland and Luxem
‘The Ambassador said the Prime
Minister, the Minister of National
Defense and the Foreign Minuter
of Belgium were all up and their
information was there would be an
attack by dawn.
"Lt. CoL (Robert D.) Brown,
Military Attache, then came on the
wire and said, ‘The Ambassador is
right.’ ”
Gen. Watson said he called Presi
dent Roosevelt as soon as he had
finished talking with Mr. Cudahy
and the President told nim to get
in touch immediately with Secre
tary of State Hull and Undersec
retary Welles.
Gen. Watson said he also called
the Belgian Ambassador here and
“he didn’t know a thing about it.
All he could aay was, ‘My God. my
God.’ ”
Generous Response
Response to the placing of boxes
in Havana, Cuba, for the collection
of magazines and newspapers to be
distributed to prisons, hospitals and
welfare institutions was so great
that additional receptacles had to
be provided.
.V -_
Weather is Varies* Cities.
,-Temp.- Rain*
Bara High. Low. fall. Weather.
Abilene... 30.15 75 48 ... Cloud*
Albany... 30.00 86 38 ._ Clear
A‘*nta-._ 2».»i ho hi 0.12 Cloud*
AU aty . 30.00 80 47 ... Cloudy
, Baltimore 30.03 89 48 _ Cloudy
Birm'fhim 29.94 89 80 _ Cloud*
Bismarck. 30.30 77 38 ... Clear
I Boston- 29.94 59 45 ... Clear
Buffalo 30.09 82 33 Clear
Charleston 29.80 78 83 0.38 Cloud*
Chicago 30.12 54 44 ... cloudy
Cincinnati 30.09 89 43 _ Cloud*
Cleveland- 30.12 85 34 Clear
Columbia . 29.92 94 80 0.20 Cloud*
Davenport- 30.08 73 54 0.01 Rain
Denver 30.24 71 45 Clear
Des Moines 30.00 88 50 0.03 Rain
Detroit .. 30.12 85 41 ... Cloudy
El Paso .. 30.12 72 60 _ Cloud*
Galveston. 20.87 81 87 _ Cloudy
Helena... 30.12 80 44 ... Cloudy
Huron _ 30.24 77 45 _ Clear
Ind'apolls . 30.08 88 46 . . Cloudy
Jacks’ville. 29.89 87 82 _ . Cloudy
Kans. City 30.12 70 50 Cloudy
Los Angeles 29.89 94 02 _ Cloudy
Louisville 30.09 68 47 . Cloudy
Miami 29 94 80 69 Clear
Mpls.-St. P. 30.18 71 49 0.21 Cloudy
N. Orleans 29.92 84 87 _ Cloud*
New York. 28.87 86 49 ... Clear
Norfolk _ 29.98 71 54 _ Cloudy
Okla. City. 30.15 71 54 . Clear
Omaha 30.09 73 53 _ Clear
Phila'lphla 30.03 88 40 _ _ Cloud*
Phoenix . 29.86 loi Hit _ Clear
Plttiburgh 30.09 63 42 Clear
Portl'd, Me. 29.94 55 41 _ Clear
Porti a Or. 30.00 81 54 Clear
Raleigh 29.97 90 65 0.17 Cloud*
St. Lou la 30.12 55 47 ... Cloud*
Salt Lake C. 30.83 81 48 Clear
8. Antonio. 30.00 74 84 1.08 Cloud*
San Diego 29.89 80 62 _ Cloud*
San Fr isco 20.97 65 51 Cloud*
Seattle .. 29.44 75 57 0.03 Cloud*
Spokane.. 29.86 82 67 _ Cloud*
Tampa 20.84 84. 88 _ Cloud*
Washington 30.03 66 48 _ Cloud*
Persian staUaaa.
(Moon, Greenwich time, today.) f
Hort. (Payal) Asor
(Current observations.)
San Juan. Puerto Rico. 80 Cloud*
Havana. Cuba _ 72 Clear
Colon. Canal Zone_ 82 Cloud*
Injured in Foil
, Thomas E. Watkins, 45, an em
ploye of the Pennsylvania Railroad,
> suffered injuries to his back this
‘ morning when he fell from the
• second-floor {window of the home at
| his mother, %drs. Virginia Watkins,
I at «11 Jefferson streA N.W„ while
f putting up an awning. He was re
moved to Casualty Hospital. He was
■ not believed to be seriously hurt

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