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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, May 11, 1940, Image 1

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— - —
Weather Forecast
Mr and slightly cooler; lowest tonight
About 48; tomorrow (Air, moderate tern*
perature. Temperatures today—High.
•»*, 88, at noon; lowest, 40. at 4:30 am. V ^
Tnm the Unites mate, weather Bureau report.
Full detail! on Pate A-3.
__Closing N. Y. Markets—Soles, Page 12.
■ "i I I |i .11" l i '• "II : 11.1'n II 1'^.,' mmnifUm
88th YEAR. No. 35,074. WASHINGTON, D. C., SATURDAY, MAY 11, 1940-TH.IRTY-SIX PAGES. ** THREE CENTS.
--*—f-— - ■■ --->■■■ - -—:— .._ .
3
11 4
.
.**- ? •« %
All Airports Retaken, Dutch Say;
Allies Move Into 2 Battle Sectors
- 4 - A -
Big FightShapesin
Luxembourg and
East of Moselle
I) the AuocUted Press.
PARIS, May 11.—Germany’s first
large-scale drive of the war against
France’s Maglnot Line was launched
yesterday in concert with the in
vasion of the Low Countries, French
military sources said today.
The Nazis threw a full division—
between 12,000 and 15,000 men—
against the French in a reported
unsuccessful attack east of Luxem
bourg.
While French authorities termed
the battle the “first great attack of
the war,” the high command con
tented itself with an announcement
that the French had maintained
their positions.
The attack, launched as a vast
struggle began in Belgium and the
Netherlands for air supremacy and
advantages on land, apparently was
Intended to keep the French forces
busy on their own heavily-fortified
Maginot Line and thus hamper the
shifting of forces into the invaded
Low Countries.
Move into Two Sectors.
The general staff reported fight
ing continued today, French troops
moving into a “spirited” battle with
German infantry in two sectors—in
Luxembourg and east of the Moselle
River.
When the Nazi division attacked
yesterday, the French advance
guard followed its appointed role,
sounded the alarm, and then with
drew.
This particular sector extending
east from the Luxembourg border
has been one of the most agitated
along the western front, even in the
days when patrol activities were
the main actions of a stalemated
war.
Big Straggle t* Central Air.
At the came time a vast struggle
for air supremacy was developing
Over Belgium as British and French
planes fought off the thrusts of
planes attempting to halt (he flow
of allied reinforcements into the
beleaguered Low Countries.
A Belgian communique reported
today that contact units were con
tinuing the fight against the Ger
mans along the Albert Canal and
the Meuse River as well as in the
Ardennes Mountains.
On the Moselle River sector
French troops were said to have re
occupied outposts from which they
withdrew yesterday under heavy
German attacks.
Summary of Situation.
French sources described today’s
situation on the other main battle
sectors in the lowlands as follows:
Netherlands—Dutch forces have
succeeded in “mopping up” virtually
an the German troops landed by
plane and parachute yesterday in
an attempt to seize the nation's air
ports; only one field remained in
German possession. Fourteen Nazi
planes were captured Intact at one
airport. The German frontal at
tack was reported halted after
surging 13 miles over the border.
Belgium.—Belgian and German
troops are in contact near the Bel
gian-Northern Luxembourg frontier,
’ where “light” Nazi advance units
have been halted at the first line
of Belgium's defenses.
Strafing Resisted.
The struggle for air supremacy
over Belgium was disclosed in a
terse British communique which re
ported that allied planes had fiercely
resisted attempts by the German
air force to strafe reinforcements
moving into Belgium.
The disclosure came as official
sources announced that Nazi bomb
ing planes had killed or wounded
100 French civilians in a series of
widespread air raids yesterday ac
companying the assault on the Low
Countries. Forty-four of the raid
ers were reported shot down.
Paris experienced its second air
alarm in two days shortly before
dawn this morning and German
airplanes appeared at several other
Slaces over France. Anti-aircraft
atteries blazed into action in East
(See PARIS, Page A-3.)
Swedish Press Denounces
Nazis' Latest Invasion
9f tbs Associated Pr*w.
STOCKHOLM. May 11.—The
Swedish press yesterday criticised
Germany’s invasion of the Nether
lands, Belgium and Luxembourg as
"an outrageous violation of neu
tlallty.”
While refugees still streamed
across the border Into Sweden from
German-Invaded Norway, the latest
Nasi move Shoved the Norwegian
campaign out of the Scandinavian
news picture.
The newspaper Aftonbladet ob
served: "Germany has attacked and,
as an excuse for her outrageous vio
lation of neutrality, stated that she
had absolute evidence of plans -for
a French-BrlUsh attack against
Germany via Holland and Belgium.
* * * This method Is well known
by now.”
Nyadagligt Allehanda declared
that "the attack his this time been
started with brutal accuracy, char
| acteristie of Germany’s plana of
war."
> - -r: I
Bombs Smash at Amsterdam;
Troops Hold Lines in Cast
Stout Defense Gives Engineers Time
To Complete Inundation Work
By the Aesoeleted Preu.
AMSTERDAM, May 11.—German bombs smashed today at the
center of Amsterdam, the Netherlands’ greatest city, killing an
estimated 20 persons, while the stout defense of troops in the
eastern frontier lines gave engineers time to complete the inunda
tion of the main flood-water defenses, cutting Holland in half.
Hague, Rotterdam
Are Recaptured,
Holland Claims
Br the Associated Press.
LONDON, May 11.—Dutch shock
troops fighting for their invaded
homeland were reported officially to
day to have recaptured airdromes
at The Hague and Rotterdam in bit
ter see-saw battles which saw The
Hague field change hands three
vac mvuiu icu iiw ytxixxa auui tag
post office, demolishing dwellings.
This is in the vicinity of the dam,
broad plaza on which is located the
gloomy royal palace, seldom used.
The radio announced that a Dutch
Army unit had been attacked out
side the Hague by a group partly
in civilian dress and partly in Dutch
military uniform.
“They probably were traitors and
some of them possibly were Ger
man parachutists,” said the an
nouncer, bitterly.
The raid, at 11 am., was Amster
dam’s first, although the city had a
Strong Belgian Fort
Taken, Say Nazis in
Claiming Wide Gains
All Lowlands Airports
Won by Germans Still in
Their Hands, DNB Says
oj me Associated Press.
BERLIN, May 11.—One of Bel
gium’s strong forts before stragetic
Liege, where Germans were checked
crucially in the World War, is in
German hands after proving “com
^tte^detetraeteM against surprise
At the same time authorized
sources claimed that Belgian and
Netherlands airports occupied by the
German air force in the new “blitz
krieg” continued definitely in Ger
man possession, ’though “German
troops there are fighting with Bel
gian and Dutch troops.”
Leige, 25 miles within Belgium
from the German border and 62
miles southeast of Brussels, capitu
lated in August, 1914, only after the
stubborn Belgian resistance had
given the allies more than a week
to concentrate forces to throw into
the path of the Germans.
DNB, official German new6 agency,
said one of the Liege forts was
meant in yesterday’s bulletins which
merely spoke of one Belgian fort
having fallen.
Two Decorated for Capture.
It was for its capture, the agency
said, that Capt. Koch and Lt.
Witzig received Germany’s highest
war decoration, the Knight’s Cross
of the Iron Cross.
DNB said lt disclosed the identity
of the fort to show how the German
Air Force had proved anew there
was nothing which it could not
demolish.
After recalling the German claims
(denied by the British) of having
sunk a British battleship off Nam
sos, Norway, DNB said:
“The first day of the German ad
vance against the formidable forti
fications which the Belgians erected
in the east against Germany already
has shown that these, too, are un
equal to withstanding the lightning
attack of the German Air Force.
“For instance, one of the strongest
forts in the area before Liege proved
completely defenseless against sur
prise attack by German planes.
“After a brief, desperate fight on
the part of the garrison, the fort
was overwhelmed by the superiority
of forces from the air and fell into
the hands of the German troops in
a few minutes.”
Other Successes.
Lightning successes were reported
by the German high command on
land and sea and in the air as Adolf
Hitler’s personally directed warriors
relentlessly pressed their total war
fare against the allies on a front
extending from the Arctic to mid
Europe.
A high command communique
from Hitler’s headquarters at the
front reported these successes:
1. The destruction of 300 to
400 enemy airplanes on the
ground and the snooting down of
23 more in air fights during op
erations In France, Holland and
Belgium.
2. The repulse of enemy border
troops in'the Netherlands and Bel
gium by the German western army
with the aid of the air force and
parachute troops.
3. The sinking of an enemy de
stroyer, one enemy submarine and
two merchantshlps.
4. Bomb hits on one British bat
(See BERLIN, Page A-4.)
British Ship Off Narvik
Reported Hit by Bombers
■» the AuocltUd Frew.
BERLIN, May 11.—Authorised
sources today reported .German
bombers scored heavy hits on a
British battleship off Narvik yester
day and also seriously damaged “one
or more cruisers” along the Nor
wegian coast
An allied destroyer also was re
ported to have been destroyed in
the English ehmmtl
f im
V-—-- ■ ■
25-mlnute alarm beginning at 6:25
am. (1:05 am. E. S. 7.), when a
large enemy plane drew defensive
fire. At that time, a sentry atop the
palace tower fired his rifle at the
high-flying plane.
Later the plane was reported shot
down southeast of the city.
The Dutch Army, after holding its
own in the first surprise attack by
land and air troops yesterday, fought
vigorously to wipe out “islands" of
German parachute troops who are
trying to gain control of strategic
(See AMSTERDAM, Page A-3.)
Nazis Bomb Brussels
As Allies Move Up to
Bolster Belgian Line
Heavy Toll Is Reported
In Raids on Capital;
Invaders Held Up
B? the Anoctated Press.
BRUSSELS, May 11.—Brussels was
bombed twice today while the Bel
gian Army's strong line of defense
continued to hold up the German
invaders and British and French
hospitals indicated the latest raids
by the Nasi bombers had taken a
heavy ton. Ihe first bonding of the
capital yesterday morning left 41
dead and 83 injured.
This morning’s first alarm sounded
at 8:15 a.m., the second 56 minutes
later.
Fighting between advance Belgian
units and German units Hat several
places” was reported In a Belgian
communique.
The communique added that Ger
man parachute troops landed at
points in the Interior, but most of
them have been captured. Fifteen
German airplanes were reported
brought down.
Planes were reported all over the
country last night, and shortly after
5 o’clock this morning flights of mn»
and 10 planes were seen over Namur,
35 miles southeast of the capital, and
Dinant, 15 miles south of Namur.
(A British Broadcasting Corp.
report picked up in New York
said a hospital in Brussels was
in flames.
(A Havas, French news agency,
dispatch from Brussels said an
estimated 30 persons were killed
when a German bomber crashed
after being hit by a shell fired
from a British Channel steamer
at anchor in the Canal of Ville
burg.
(London received reports
through Reuters, British news
agency, that German planes had
bombed the Belgian towns of Re
naix, Louvain and Verviers.)
Four soldiers were .reported killed
in a bombardment of Rlxensart,
about 10 miles from Brussels, at
(See BELGIUM, Page A-6.)
Earth Shock Recorded
PHILADELPHIA, May 11 (/P%—
Officials of the Franklin Institute
reported its seismograph recorded a
slight earthquake at 9:06 am., E.
S. T„ today. Center of the quake
was said to be 4,800 miles distant,
"probably at the tip of the Aleutian
Islands.”
times.
Dutch Foreign Minister Eelco N.
Van Kleffens, who made the an
nouncement in London, declared
that no airdromes in the Nether
lands remained in the hands of
German forces which seized them
yesterday.
He declared the German forces
on the left bank of the Nieuwe Maas
River at Rotterdam had been
crushed—but at a cost to the Dutch
of more than 1,000 lives. .
At the same time fresh German
parachute troops were reported
dropping from aerial transports be
tween Brussels and Louvain, Bel
gium.
Attacked This Morning.
The Dutch attacked this morning
at Rotterdam, determined to wrest
from the Germans the nearby Waal
haVen Airfield, base of their forces
of occupation in the big coastal city.
The assault lasted for two hours—
directed not only at the airport but
also at Germans on Dordrecht
Island.
In the attack on Dordrecht Island
alone. Van Kleffens said, more than
1,000 Dutch were lost but the Ger
man force was completely destroyed,
the Foreign Minister declared.
The Dutch counter-assault at
Rotterdam was launched at 8 am.
in conjunction with a heavy British
bombardment of Waalhaven Air
drome, on the left bank of the
Niewe Maas, which bisects Rotter
dam they would have had a coastal
bam for assaults directly across the
narrow lower neck of the North Sea
against the British isles.
Important Development.
Prom the allied viewpoint, the re
ported victory at Rotterdam over
Adolf Hitler’* plane-carried advance
guard appeared as the most dra
matic, if not most important, de
velopment thus far in the two days
of war in the Low Countries.
Other reports on the shifting fates
of war included:
1. The announcement by British
military circles that Arlon, in South
Luxembourg, was in allied hands.
This was one. of the first concrete
Indications that Germany had not
gobbled up all of the little grand
duchy, nestled in a corner of the
Maginot and Siegfried Lines.
2. Unconfirmed advices that Ger
man forces in Belgium had reached
the outer defenses of Liege and had
crossed the Albert Canal, a main
line of Belgian defense.
German forces crossing Holland’s
appendix province of Limburg were
said to have taken the Albert Canal
bridges west of that city. Further
north, another German column
pushed on Roermond, a center of
the Netherlands first line defenses
near the eastern border.
3. The declaration of a British
source that the allied advance in
(See DUTCH, Page A-3.)
Admiral Keyes Leaves
For Brussels Post
By thv AuocUted Preu.
LONDON, May 11.—Admiral Sir
Roger John Brownlow Keyes, World
War hero who wanted to lead an
attack on Trondheim, left London
yesterday for Brussels, where he
has been appointed naval attache
for liaison work with King Leopold.
Admiral Keyes commanded Brit
ish naval units in an action off
Zeebrugge and Ostend in the first
World War.
Late War Bulletins
BUCHAREST UP).—Rumania's entire defense was placed
today in the hands of Gen. Ion Ilcuxu, regarded as the coun
try’s cleverest strategist. Gen. Ilcuxu will head the Minis
tries of National Defense, Air and Marine in a new cabinet
formed by Premier George Tatarescu.
AMSTERDAM W.—Four German planes were shot down
today in a new bombing attack on Amsterdam’s airport,
south of the city, by Dutch and British flyers. Bombs from
the planes set several small fires, but no one was killed or
injured.
AMSTERDAM UP).—The Dutch general staff announced
today that British and French troops now are operating in
conjunction with Dutch forces and that the German advance
has been stopped at the front.
SINGAPORE UP).—The Straits Times reported today in a
dispatch from Batavia that 1M Hollanders, including high
officials and police officers, had been interned in Java on
suspicion of being pro-Nast and “a dangerous element.’' All
Germans in the Netherlands Indies were interned immedi
ately after Germany invaded Holland.
NEW YORK m^-The Italian liner Rose sailed for Naples
and Genoa at noon today with M passengers. I tale Ver
rando, New York manager of the Italian Line, said trans
Atlantie service would continue, as he had fbeon assured by
private advices tip* Italy would not outer the war in the
Almost the Last Neutral
Rome Crowd Attacks
Two British Diplomats
And Two Americans
Assault Made on Group
Reading Posters Hailing
England's 'Defeat'
By JOHN T. WHITAKER,
Chicaco Newi Forelcn Correspondent.
11.—The defeat of
the was assumed
in thousands of
of
correspondent and another
can Journalist.
Sir Percy Loralne, the British Am
bassador, this morning went to the
Foreign Office and launched an en
ergetic protest against the posters
and the personal indignity to mem
bers of his staff.
No apology has been made.
The posters are headlined as
"Britain’s collapse.” and a “testi
mony of the allies’ defeat. They
quote from the Norwegian debate in
the British House of Commons in
contrast, as measures of ineptitude,
with the series of German victories.
Posters Not Removed.
No effort to remove these propa
ganda sheets had been made by the
Italian authorities at 4 o’clock this
afternoon and with thousands read
ing them in the streets, the situation
is made more tense by an exchange
of messages between Pope Pius and
King Leopold and Queen Wilhelmina
and the Grand Duchess of Luxem
bourg.
The warm words of encouragement
in the papal blessing will serve
warning on Italians that Roman
Catholics extend their sympathy not
to the Germans but to the neutrals,
whose invasion is being used as a
German argument that victory is
near and that Italy now must come
in as an axis ally.
The temper of the Fascist element
co-operating with the Germans was
shown last night in a diplomatic
incident which comes at a moment
when both London and Rome have
been attempting to avoid any fric
tion. It is all the more unhappy be
cause it was unpremeditated after
a dinner party last night.
George Labouchere, secretary of
the British Embassy, and Comdr.
Rod, assistant naval attache, were
driving two American guests home.
They drove first to the hotel of
Miss Virginia Cowles, special cor
respondent for the North American
Newspaper Alliance.
1U..I a a I n_ m m
Attacked by Seven Men.
Escorting her to the door, we
found the posters pasted on the
hotel facade. While we were read
ing them seven men, apparently
thinking the posters were being
tom down, suddenly attacked us,
without warning, calling us “Inglese”
and slugging for several minutes,
even after the diplomats had an
(See ROME, Page A-4.)
$2,000,000 Office Edifice
Planned on Connecficiit
A $2,000,000 10-story office build
ing will be erected soon at the
northeast corner of Rhode Island
and Connecticut avenues N.W., it
was learned today from Randall H.
Hagner Sc Co.
The real estate company said It
completed arrangements today to
sell the land Involved to the Long
fellow Building Corp, a syndicate
of local investors which plans to
erect the building.
The office building, which prob
ably will be of limestone construc
tion, Is to face Rhode Island avenue
from Connecticut avenue to the al
ley on the west of 8t. Matthew’s
Church. It will front on Connecti
cut avenue for 87 feet. It is ex
pected that the ground floor win be
reserved for stores.
It was net learned who the mem
ben of the building corporation are
or exactly what the design of the
(wilding is to ba.
Air Losses Heavy
For Both Sides,
Claims Indicate
By the Associated Press.
Smashing blows at rival air
strength in the first two days of
widespread aerial warfare in the
west were reported today by both
the allies and by the German high
command.
The British and French and the
two Lowland countries claimed a
total of more than 220 German
planes either destroyed, put out of
action or badly damaged.
Germany countered with a report
of having destroyed between 330
and 400 planes on the ground in
raids op 72 allied airports, with an
neonebt
losses
at 11 planes shot down and 15 miss
ing. Britain’s Air Ministry nij
“some 20 Royal Air Force craft were
missing. '
Bimelech 8-5 Choice
Over Fast Track in
Preakness at 4:55
Cloudy Wegther Forecast;
Crowd of 40,000 Is
Expected at Race
By MASON BRUNSON,
Associated Press Sports Wrttsr.
BALTIMORE. May 11.—The rac
ing faithful descended upon Balti
more by the thousands today to see
nine thoroughbreds fight it out for
gold and glory in the 50th running
of the historic Preakness Stakes,
marking its golden jubilee.
Interest in this running of Mary
land's most famous race was keyed
to such a pitch that officials of the
Maryland Jockey Club looked for
a crowd of 40,000 or more. Cloudy
weather was forecast. The track
was expected to be fast.
Luring the followers of the thor
oughbreds to Pimlico was the pros
pect of another slam-bang battle
between Mrs. Ethel V. Mars’ Ken
tucky Derby winner, Gallahadion,
and Col. E. R Bradley’s Bimelech,
the runner-up. Big Bim was an 8-5
favorite despite his Derby defeat.
Post time was 4:55 pm.
For Gallahadion, the race provided
an opportunity to show whether his
Derby victory was Just a bit of rac
ing luck or whether he really de
serves to rank along with the great
equine immortals.
For Bimelech, it was a chance to
avenge the licking he took from
Gallahadion and to regain the high
(See PREAKNESS. Page A-2.)
Americas Vigilant
As Roosevelt Assails
War Aggressors
Study of Status of
Dutch Possessions
is Expected
(Text of President Roosevelt’s
Address on Page AS.)
By JOHN C. HENRY.
Intensified vigilance by the Ameri
can republics in defense both of
foelr lands ^and^of “onr^dvfllsrtion*
demnation of Europe’s aggressors by
President Roosevelt last night be
fore the Eighth American Scientific
Congress.
First Immediate development in
this direction was expected to be an
examination of the status of rich
Dutch possessions in South America
and the Caribbean, already encom
passed within the range of the neu
trality patrol operating since the
early days of the war.
Owned principally by American
capital, great oil refineries in the
Dutch-owned islands of Aruba and
Curacao are properties of deep in
terest to this Government—so much
so that any threat of their destruc
tion by German raiders preying on
Dutch possessions quite probably
would precipitate positive defense
steps on the part of the United
States.
Officials here estimate that Cura
cao and Aruba produce one-third
of the allies’ supplies of high octane
gasoline, necessary for good per
formance by airplanes.
Martial Law Declared.
Cuacao and Aruba already have
declared martial law and
oelieve they will be fully on the
alert to prevent attack on the
islands.
Occupation by French or British
forces, already reported from Aruba,
would not be considered in violation
of our neutrality position, it is in
dicated, in view of the fact that
these two nations are now allies of
the Dutch government and obvious
ly concerned with protection rather
than destruction of the properties
in question.
That Mr. Roosevelt believes the
guardianship of the Western World
to be a Joint and positive respon
sibility of all the American repub
lics was made clear in his address
last night.
“1 am a pacifist,” he told his au
dience in concluding a bluntly
worded speech. “You, my fellow
citizens of 21 American republics,
are pacifists.
“But I believe that by overwhelm
lng majorities you and I, in the long
(See ROOSEVELT, Page A-4.)
Summary of Today's Star
i
Page. Page.
Amusements, Lost, Pound B-tt
B-18 Obituary ... A-«
Church News, Radio_B-16
A-13-15 Real Estate B-l-8
Comics ..B-18-17 Serial Story B-18
Editorials - A-g Society.A-U
Finance ...A-lf Sports ...A-18-17
Garden Pg. A-16
.
Foreign
Churchill confers with Chamberlain
on new cabinet. Page A-l
Strong Belgian fort falls, say Nazis,
claiming wide gains. Page A-l
Pope backs Low Countries; talks
with Taylor. Page A-3
Allies must change blockade tactics,
Rome Senate told. Page A-S
Japan to reaffirm stand on status
quo in East Indies. Page A-4
National
War spread brings demands for ex
pansion of Army, Navy. Page A-4
Senate group votes to uphold C. A. A.
reorganization plan. Page A-7
Washington and Vicinity
Scientific Conran holds sessions
after hearing Roosevelt Page A-4
Paint hope remains for Changes In
D. C. jobless act PageA-It
More than 164100 inarch In schoolboy
patrol parade. Page A-tt
Editorial and Comment
This and That. Page A-8
Answers to Questions. Page A-8
letters to The Star. Page A-8
David Lawrence. Page A-8
Alsop and Kintner. Page A-8
Q. Gould Lincoln. Page A-8
Constantine Brown. Page A-8
Jay Franklin. Page A-8
Sports
Jenkins, victor over Ambers, may be
great lightweight champ.
Page A-18
Brooklyn boils as Dodgers bow to
Giants In home-coming. Page A-18
Sour pitching offsets clouting as Nat
losses pile up. Page A-18
Steiner’s batting helps **fT4r>T Cen
tral keep school lead. Page A-17
* • • )
Miscellany
Dorothy Dix. , Page A-U
Barbara Bell Pattern. Page A-U
Needlework. Page A-U
Nature’s Children. Page B-7
Vital Statistics. Page B-8
Sendee Orders. Page B-8
Bedtime Story. PadeB-18
Letter-Out Page B-IS
Winning contract. PageB-tt
sssass asts
A
Churchill Plans
Cabinet, Calls
Chamberlain
Sees Hoiifax Also;
British Claim Air
Success in Belgium
9
By the Associated Press.
LONDON, May 11.—Britain looked
today for a national government to
fight the war as Winston Churchill
toe* over the seals of office as Prime
Minister from Neville Chamberlain,
Britain's “great appeaser,” who
agreed to serve in the new cabinet.
Prime Minister Churchill is ex
pected to announce his new war
cabinet within a few hours, the
British Press Association reported
today. It added other members of
the cabinet will be named next week.
Mr. Churchill conferred today with
Mr. Neville Chamberlain and For
eign Secretary Lord Halifax, and
later with two Labor leaders, Clement
R. Atlee and Arthur Greenwood.
Financial circles said Mr. Cham
berlain probably would be chosen
chancellor of the exchequer, the
post he held In the Baldwin govern- s
ment before becoming Prime Minis-./
ter May 28, 1937. Other quarter#
predicted he would be lord preskttht
of the council, minister without
portfolio or leader of the House of
Commons.
It was generally agreed that his
function would be to act as a rherif
on M>. Churchill’s daring.
British Go Into Action.
Communiques described how the
British, in' co-operation with their
French allies, had gone Into action
on land and in the air in response
to appeals from Belgium and the
Netherlands.
The British command in France
announced that eight Naxi air at
tacks, attempting to break up the
British advance Into Belgium, had
been driven off In the last 24 hours.
During the first day of the Ger
man Invasion at least 41 Belgian
civilians were killed In air raids, but
dispatches said the people’s morale
remained high.
The allies said they had shot
an least
r clared 109 allied planes were do
. •strayed.
The Air Ministry announced to
day the Royal Air Pores destroyed
at least SO enemy aircraft yester
day and damaged or put out of ac
tion many more.
“Some twenty of our aircraft are
; missing,” the ministry said.
German Troop Planes AUaefed. '
The Air Ministry told of a “de
vastating” attack on German troop
! carrying planes at The Hague and
, Rotterdam, saying heavy damage
I was Inflicted before the Germans
could wheel anti-aircraft batteries
into position after capturing the
' airports. \
rour uerman plane* wen ae
: strayed, they said, in one dire at
tack alone over Waalhaven, Rot
; terdam’s civilian airport, which was
1 one of the first Nad objectives after
their dawn invasion was launched
■ yesterday.
I The Air Ministry denied a Berlin
s announcement that allied pi*n»«
■ had bombed Freiburg, Germany,
killing 24 civilians. The British and
French governments previously had
, warned that if German planes at
; tacked undefended towns the allies
would consider themselves free from
; pledges given President Roosevelt to
' refrain from bombing anything but
military objectives.
1 British Claim Advances.
Britain’s mechanised army, which
1 had been stationed opposite the
; Belgian frontier in France for Just
; such an emergency, was reported
[ moving steadily eastward.
The London Times, in a leading
t editorial, welcomed the Netherlands
1 and Belgium “into the1 growing fel
, lowshlp of nations pledged to ac
; tive maintenance of the cause of
1 civilization.”
"The grand alliance of our time
’ for destruction • of the forces of
' treachery and oppression is being
steadily marshalled,” the paper said.
I King George VI addressed to the
ruling heads of the Netherlands,.
Belgium and Luxembourg a mes
' sage of sympathy over "the brutal
and wholly unwarranted German
; invasion.”
Invasion Called "Outrages."
The King’s message to Leopold HI,
King of the Belgians, said: "Ger
man forces are invading your coun
try in flagrant violation of inter
national law and of specific assur
ances given by the German govern
ment.
I "This outrage is committed in
l spite of the strict neutrality ob
I served by Belgium since the out
I break of the war.
I “I wish to express to your majesty
I how deep is my disgust at this
I crime and how profound my admi
, ration for the gallant resistance now
being made by the Belgian people
under your majesty’s leadership.
“For the second time within a
quarter of a century. Germany has
(Bee LONDON, Page. J
Britain Warns of Mines
Along Norwegian Coast
. Sr the AM»clKt«d Prau. •> ■
LONDON, May 11.—The British
Admiralty announced today addi
L tlonai mines "may be laid without
L further warning” along Norway's
1 west coast (ran the 00th degree of
' north latitude (Just south of Bergen)
» to the 05th degree (about ISO «u—
l to the north). •
I British minelaying along the
► Norwegian cost early in April was
I followed quickly by Germany's to
i n*hn ai Norway and sctaute of
[ nearly an her porta. \
*

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