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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, June 30, 1940, Image 1

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Weather Forecast ^ ,
Pair, continued cool today, tomorrow The Evening and Sunday Star la
fair, slightly warmer; moderate north- delivered In the city and suburbs at
west and west winds. Temperatures to- v 75c month. The Night Final
ata>lipm ’ ' Pm': ' ’ ' Edition *nd Sunday Morning Star at
From the United States Weather Bureau report. 85c per month.
Full details on Page A-2.
No. 1,841— No. 35,124. 'ASSo1*.t«iap?e!». » WASHINGTON, D. C., JUNE 30, 1940—126 PAGES. * , TEN CENTS
Reds Seize Nazi Foodstuffs,
Exciting Fears of Conflict;
Turks Ready to Call Million
Wheat and Sugar
Taken in March
Into Bessarabia %
■y the Associated Press.
BUCHAREST. June 29.—Rus
sian seizure of German-owned
materials in ceded Bessarabia led
to mounting fears tonight of
complications between Germany
and the Soviet Union.
At Chilia Harbor, on the Dan
ube, the German grain company,
Dunarex, had a large quantity
of wheat ready for export but all
was seized by the Soviet Com
mittee headed by the mayor.
In the town of Baltzi, in North
ern Bassarabia, long strings of
freight cars loaded with sugar were
ready to leave for Germany, but after
the cession of the territory to Rus
sia the population refused to let it
go. Rumanian authorities were able
to geit away only a few of the cars.
:• --— *.
French Fleet's
Loyalty to
Petain Doubted
By the Associated Pres*.
MADRID, June 29—A “serious"
situation in French Morocco, with
commerce paralyzed and the natives
evidencing unrest, was reported to
day from Tangier. African interna
tional zone opposite Gibraltar.
Official sources were quoted as de
claring Northern Africa had "ab
solutely submitted” to the French
! government of Premier - Marshal
Henri Petain, which negotiated the
j armistice with Germany and Italy.
"However, there remains persis
tent doubl as to the loyalty of the
fleet, especially warships actually at
Alexandria and other ports in the
Eastern Mediterranean,” one corre
] spondent reported.
Details of the Italian armistice
terms were said to have been pub
lished in Morocco only today. These
call for demilitarization of various:
colonial areas, but French authori- i
ties at Rabat, Morocco, were said to
have agreed to maintain the same
defensive measures as during the ;
war. There was no official explana- !
tion.
_ _ _
Summons Reported
Aim If Bulgaria
Mobilizes
By the Associated Press.
ISTANBUL, June 29,—Turkey
will call to arms at least 1,000,
000 men in the event Bulgaria
mobilizes, informed military j
sources said tonight.
The nation went on daylight'
saving time for the first time in ;
its history to conserve electricity
and oil.
The fleet resumed its position
at the mouth of the Bosporus
after a cruise along the southern
tip of Bulgaria's Black Sea coast.
Anatolian soldiers marched toward
the Bulgarian border.
The general picture in Turkey
was that of a nation marshaling its
land, sea and air forces to demon
strate her readiness to defend her
self against attack if the Balkan
powder keg explodes.
The Turkish press emphasized the
nation's desire to be friendly with 1
Russia, however.
In general, Turkey appeared to
be relying on the traditional con
flict of big power interests as her
chief hope for retention of the Dar
danelles and the Bosphorus, gateway
from the Black Sea to the Mediter
ranean.
The hope was expressed in po
litical circles that the interest of
Germany and Italy in the Darda
nelles would cause them to curb any
possible Russian aspirations in that !
direction.
Meanwhile at Ankara a co/n
munique said “perfect identity of
views" was established in conversa
tions between Iraq and Turkish
ministers.
Are Believed Deferred
New Claims on Rumania
BUDAPEST. June 29 UP).—Mili
tary preparations continued in the
Balkans tonight although it was
believed that Hungary and Bul
garia, under diplomatic pressure
from Germany and Italy, had de
cided to defer their revisionist
claims upon Rumania.
If this postponement of demands
is definite and the crisis in the
Balkans has been surmounted, it is
assumed that a clear promise was
given by the Rome-Berlin axis
gieitneris *hat the claims of Bul
garia and Hungary will be met in
full later.
Political observers expressed the
opinion that Bulgaria and Hungary
were told to wait until southeastern
Europe has been “reformed” under
a policy of “peaceful revisionism."
Seen Diplomatic Victory.
These observers viewed the pro
ceedings as a diplomatic victory for
Germany and Italy at a time when
they need peace in this Important
production area.
Nevertheless, reports persisted
that Bulgaria was considering gen
eral mobilization and that Turkey
would react by doing the same.
Out of this conflict of opinion
it remained difficult to determine
the ultimate effect of the “bloodless”
Russian invasion of Rumania.
Berlin and Rome were believed
to have assured Hungary she need
have no fear that the Russians
would advance so far into Rumania
as to "jeopardize Hungary's Tran
sylvanian claims.
Unanswered is the vital question
of German-Russian relations in
view of the Balkan crisis. Bucha
rest reports of Axis assurances
against Russia emphasized again
the belief that Moscow beat Berlin
and Rome to the punch and that
a grave new future issue is in the
making.
Power Politics Being Played.
The was no question about the
fact that power politics is being
played on a major scale in South
east Europe and that 3,000,000 sol
diers are the pawns in the game.
With Turkey, Rumania and Bul
garia armed to the teeth and mov
! ing their forces about, disturbing
: incidents are increasingly possible.
As always, if the Balkan powder
keg blows up, the minor nations’
forces will strike with major back
ing, because of the eternal con
flict of interest over possession of
the Dardanelles and Bosporus,
twin gateways from the Black Sea
to the Mediterranean.
. . .
Finland Makes Trade
Agreement With Reich
By the Associated Press,
BERLIN, June 29.—Trade negotia
tions between Germany and Finland
ended with an agreement today.
At Helsinki it was announced
earlier today that Finland had con
cluded a trade agreement with
Russia that included adjustment of
Soviet war indemnity claims. Fin
land, informed sources declared,
prevailed on some important points.
Axis Aid Promise Reported.
Meanwhile Germany and Italy
promised military and air assistance
to Rumania, it was reported on high
authority, if Soviet troops attempt
to make further advances into this
patchwork kingdom beyond the areas
reluctantly ceded by King Carol.
Informants close to both palace
and cabinet said the axis powers
had given broad and flat assurances
that any more penetrations would
be stopped.
A number of government bureaus,
however, arranged meetings tomor
row to discuss plans for an emer
gency seat of government in the
Carpathian Mountains.
Bucharest is in Southern Ru
mania, near the Bulgarian border.
A move to the Carpathians would
place the government in the ap
proximate center of the country.
Foreign correspondents were told
that fhilitary authorities had taken
over the communications system,
and military censorship becomes
effective at midnight tonight. Some
London correspondents and others
already have had their telephone
connections cut off in the past 24
hours because of stories they filed.
Occupation Almost Bloodless.
Bessarabia, which the Russians al
ways have called the land of milk
and honey, already is under the
heavy tread of Soviet military in a
comparatively bloodless occupation.
Russian sources said, too, that the
principal cities in Northern Buco
vina—the other area yielded by
Carol under a Moscow ultimatum
—are now in control of the Red
army.
The chaotic state of affairs and
the lack of good communications
from Bucharest to the provinces
made it difficult to learn at what
point in the north the Russians had
halted, but the latest semi-official
word was that they had pushed on
as far as Dorohoi, some 15 miles
beyond the western boundary of
Bessarabia and thus well within old
Rumania.
Russian informants declared, how
ever, that this penetration beyond
the agreed line was “probably a
military error.” There were, at
the same time, signs that at least
two possible sources of conflict
were quieting. These involved Bul
garia and Hungary, which have
claims of their own for Rumanian
territory. It seemed clear, from
Information received by diplomats
here, that their demands w'ere being
calmed.
Carol Marshals 2,000,000.
In Budapest it was learned that
Germany and Italy were urging
both Bulgaria and Hungary to stay
at peace and continue their pro
duction, with the understanding
that their demands upon Rumania
will be adjusted "in due time.”
Nevertheless, King Carol, who al
ready had appealed strongly foi
Adolf Hitler’s help lest his country
simply break apart under the Rus
6ian-Bulgarian-Hungarian demands
was forming an army of 2,000,000 ir
a “last man” mobilization.
The highways of Rumania wert
jammed with refugees and with
hundreds of thousands of Ru
manian troops answering the cal
to service, while the Russian soldier;
tramped down the winding, muddy
roads of Bessarabia, taking contro
of town after town.
The army of occupation, which
(started pouring down yesterday froir
Russian Poland and also over th<
only bridge over the Dniester River
near Kisinev, continued streaming
today through these bottlenecks anc
then spreading into the territory.
Waves of Soviet fighting plane;
flew overhead as escorts and ther
landed at Bessarabian airports ovei
Which were hoisted the Red flag
The first Russian units to entei
Rumania were corps of heavy tanks
followed by light tanks, artillery sup
’ (See BUCHAREST. Page A-5.)
Industrial Britain
Heavily Damaged
By German Bombers
Northeast of Scotland
And Southeast Coast
Also Are Raided
B* the Associated Prers.
LONDON. June 30 (Sunday).—
Several casualties and heavy damage
were inflicted in the populous mid
j lands industrial area early today
! by German air raiders.
Bombs also were dropped in
Southwest England, but material
damage was described as slight. No
| casualties were reported.
| The Air Ministry issued a com
| munique saying:
"Enemy aircraft crossed the coast
i during the night. Anti-aircraft de
| fenses are in action.”
Other planes, believed to be Ger
man, were heard over Northeast
England.
German Bases Bombed.
German airdromes at Flushing
| and Waalhaven, near Rotterdam,
: Holland, and a seaplane base on the
Dutch island of Texel were bombed
Friday by British flyers, the Air
J Ministry announced last night.
An air field at Evreux in Northern
i France also was attacked, and a
| chemical factory near Frankfurt
i was declared to have been set
ablaze in a fire visible for 50 miles.
The Admiralty also announced
last night the submarine Grampus
was overdue and presumed to be
lost.
The announcement gave no de
| tails of the Grampus assignment.
She was a craft of the Porpoise
minelayer class with normal com
plement 55 men and was completed
! in 1937. The commander was Lt.
Comdr. C. A. Rowe.
Other War Developments.
These were among other wartime
| developments yesterday:
Anti-aircraft went into action
against planes flying high over south
west England and it was reported
] that British fighters brought down
i one German bomber. Two were
| felled last night.
Heavy gunfire, apparently across
l the English Channel, rattled win
j dows in a southeast coast resort
| town.
In Cairo, the British Navy an
nounced the sinking of one of three
Italian destroyers in an engage
ment in the central Mediterranean.
Six thousand Polish troops, the
Polish government in exile an
nounced here, crossed the Syrian
frontier into Palestine to join the
| British forces.
Urges Chamberlain Quit.
A suggestion that Neville Cham
berlain and others responsible for
past appeasement of Adolf Hitler
should quit the war cabinet to still
rumors of a British move for armis
tice was made yesterday by Lord
Strabolgi, labor leader in the House
of Lords.
In an open letter to British
editors, he declared the mere pres
ence of Mr. Chamberlain, lord presi
I dent of the council, and Lord
;; Halifax, Foreign Minister, in the
government was having an effect
"most serious in the two most im
portant neutral countries in the
world—the United States of America
and Russia.”
The mention of Lord Halifax's
name along with that of former
Prime Minister Chamberlain’s ap
peared significant. It was the first
time the Foreign Secretary had been
so criticized by such a source.
Meanwhile, the first authoritative
estimate of Allied casualties in the
battles for Belgium and France,
made by French Gen. Charles jje
Gaulle, was that 60,000 were killed,
300,000 wounded and nearly 1,000,000
(See LONDON, Page A-4.)
Parachute Troops Used
In Russian Occupation
By the Associated Press.
MOSCOW, June 30—Parachute
troops were used in carrying out yes
terday’s speedy occupation of the
Bessarabian and Bucovina areas ob
tained from Rumania, Tass, Soviel
official news agency reported today
Tire news agency said the para
chutists occupied Bolgrad, a towr
In Southern Bessarabia, and an ares
in the vicinity of the confluence o;
the Prut and Danube Riveras.
Theentire occupation is proceeding
“according to plan.” Tass asserted
“Soviet troops entered the town!
of Storozhinets and Gertz. in North
ern Bucovina and occupied the sta
tions of Novoselitsa and Lipkanv
both on the River Prut south ol
Hotin,” the statement said.
"Mechanized units approached the
River Prut 55 kilometers (about 3!
miles) southwest of Mogilevpodolsky
and reached the area of the towr
of Pvrlitsa. 80 kilometers (50 miles)
northwest of Kishinev.”
By the Associated Press.
PARIS, June 26 (Delayed).—(By
Courier Plane to Berlin).—The once
gay shops, cafes and bars are re
opening in Paris and tills are vir
tually empty.
Well-dressed persons are stopping
total strangers on the boulevards
and asking for money.
The prefect of the Seine depart
ment, where most of the French
financial institutions are concen
trated, has stopped withdrawal of
bank funds indefinitely.
A neutral banker explained the
step merely was a legalization of
the bank closing which occurred
Reynaud's Crash Hurts
Are Reported Serious
j By the Associated Press.
BERN. June 29— Paul Revnaud,
former French premier, is in an
emergency hospital in Montpelier
on the south coast of France in se
rious condition as the result of an
automobile accident yesterday, the
Swiss Telegraphic Agency reported
tonight.
M. Reynaud was reported on the
way to the Riviera from Bordeaux
when his automobile overturned in
a ditch. He suffered a head injury.
Havana Parley
May Clear Way
For British Fleet
Neutrality Revision
Seen Likely to
Offer New Bases
By GARNETT D. HORNER.
A move to revise strict neutrality
standards of the American Repub
lics, possibly clearing the way for
offering New World bases to the
British fleet, was indicated in action
of the Pan-American Union gov
erning board yesterday.
The board tentatively listed a
wide range of problems arising j
from the European war for discus
sion at the meeting of American
foreign ministers to open in Havana
July 20. including re-examination
of neutrality standards "in the light
of present circumstances.”
Consideration of measures for in
creased inter - American economic
unity and co-operation to combat
"fifth column” activity and pos- j
sible attempts by Germany andi
Italy to seize Allied possessions in
this hemisphere also was recom
mended to the Havana conference.
The tentative agenda, broad
enough to permit discussion of al
most any conceivable problem con
fronting the Americas as a result
of recent war developments, was
approved by the board here for con
sideration by the governments of
the 21 American Republics. Final
action on the agenda is scheduled !
at a board meeting next Friday.
Ministers Expected to Attend.
Meanwhile, State Department of
ficials said reports from Buenos Aires
that the Foreign Ministers of Ar
gentina. Brazil, Chile and Uruguay
would not attend the Havana con
ference in person were premature.
While some of the foreign affairs
chiefs—including Secretary of State
Hull—are not certain whether they
will be able to attend, most of them
are expected to do so, it was said. |
In any event, officials here in
sisted. decision of any foreign min
ister to stay at home because of
pressing domestic problems would
not necessarily indicate a non- J
co-operative attitude or affect sue- !
cess of the conference.
The tentative agreement to recon- j
sider neutrality standards of this
hemisphere at the Havana meet- f
ing is in line with a suggestion
advanced last month bv Jose Maria
Cantilo. the Argentine Foreign Min- j
ister. He urged that the Americas
abandon some of their “rules and
limitations” of neutrality, arguing
that neutrality under international
law "implies bilateral obligations”
and Germany violated her obliga
tions.
United States officials frowned
on his proposal, widely interpreted
as advocating adoption of a "non
belligerent” rather than a neutral
policy, when first put forward be
cause of a reluctance to give the
appearance of sidestepping any
established principles of interna
tional law. Apparently the official
attitude here now is more favorable
to the Cantilo suggestion, in view of
rapidly changing conditions.
Hull Presides at Conference.
Secretary Hull yesterday pre
sided as chairman of the Pan Amer
ican Union Board when it approved
the tentative agenda providing for
“examination, in the light of pres
ent circumstances, of the standards
of neutrality set forth in the third
article of the ‘General Declaration
of Neutrality of the American Re
publics' which was adopted at the
Panama meeting on October 3,
1939.”
Under the Panama neutrality
declaration, the American nations
agreed to prevent their territory
being used “as bases for belligerent
operations,” and their citizens from
enlisting in any belligerent armed
forces or engaging in any other
activities that might affect their
neutrality. Other rules ban the
“fitting out or augmenting the
forces of armament” of any bellig
erent ship in American territory,
and limit the number of belligerent
warships that may be admitted to
American ports.
Capitulation of France has been
followed by increasing speculation
that the British fleet might be
forced to seek bases in this hemi
phere. Without adequate facilities
in Canadian ports, the British war
ships would be banned from ports
of this or other American republics
unless the present neutrality decla
ration is revised.
Under the general subject of
i See PAN-AMERICANPageA^lO.)
Canal Sub Nets Described
As 'For Training Purposes'
By the Associated Press.
PANAMA, Panama. June 29
Submarine nets being installed
across both the Atlantic and Pacific
entrances to the Canal Zone were
described officially today as “for
training purposes.”
There were reports earlier in ihe
week that the entrances to the
canal had been mined and officials
in Washington said at that time any
mining being done was for routine
training purposes.
Paris Striving for Normalcy
With 1,200,000 Out of Jobs
before the German occupation took
place.
Arrangements for limited with
drawals are expected to be made
later. Some talk of municipal
money being used was heard. In
Versailles such money already was
reported in use. A 30-day mora
torium on negotiable paper and mer
chandise bills also is in effect.
The effort of Paris to be brave
with a gay display of brightly
painted chairs and tables on the
terraces, colorful summer awnings,
and smart shop windows is offset by
the staggering number of unem*
~ (See PARIS, Page A-5.)
I
U. S. Army Models
Two Divisions on
German Panzer Lines
1,400 Tanks and 600
Pieces of Artillery Will
Be Part of Equipment
Br the Associated Press.
Creation of an Army mechanized
force of "great striking power’’ like
Germany’s hard-hitting panzer di
visions was announced yesterday by
the War Department.
Acting Secretary Louis Johnson
disclosed the order had been given
to organize an armored corps of
two divisions on an experimental
basis, to be equipped with some 1.400
tanks, 600 artillery pieces and more
than 13,000 automatic and semi
automatic rifles.
"Apparent developments in the
character and use of mechanized
power in Europe,” Mr. Johnson said,
contributed to the decision to create
the force, first of the kind in this
hemisphere.
Tactical Doctrines Revised.
Light and medium tanks and other
armored vehicles hitherto assigned
to the cavalry and infantry will
be concentrated in the new corps
of more', than 18,000 officers and
enlisted men. thus revising Ameri
can tactical doctrines followed since
the World War.
Other units of heavy tanks such
as the Army does not yet possess,
are to be organized later, it was
announced.
Brig. Gen. Adna R. Chaffee, pres
ent copimander of the Army's sin
gle existing mechanized force, the
7th Cavalry Brigade, was made
commander of the Armored Corps.
His headquarters will remain at
Fort Knox, Ky„ and the mechanized
cavalry will be incorporated into
the new corps.
Designated as commander of the
1st Armored Division was Brig. Gen.
Bruce Magruder, former commander
of infantry tanks. The division's
headquarters will be at Fort Knox.
Brig. Gen. Charles L. Scott, re
cently commander of a mechanized
cavalry regiment, was made com
mander of the Second Armored Di
vision, with headquarters at Fort
Benning, Ga.
Brett Is Chief of Staff.
Lt. Col. Sereno E. Brett will be
designated chief of staff of the corps.
He commanded tanks in the World
War Meuse-Argonne offensive.
The new mechanized warfare in
strument was made possible by the
$1,762,513,000 supplemental defense
appropriation which President
Roosevelt signed Thursday, carrying
funds to swell the Army's equip
ment of tanks to more than 3.000.
Of these, only about 500 are now In
service.
The War Department said the
corps would combine all infantry
tank components except the First
Battalion of the 67th Infantry Regi
ment at Fort Meade. Md., the
mechanized cavalry components now
at Fort Knox, and the First Combat
Car Squadron now statio*ed at
Fort Riley, Kans.
Divided into Five Parts.
Each division will be divided into
five parts — command, reconnais
sance, combat, support and service
echelons. The reconnaissance
echelon will include an air corps
squadron and the combat echelon
will be the main striking force.
The War Department also dis
closed that its special service schools,
hitherto reserved for officers, would
be used for intensive training of
key soldiers. The infantry school
at Fort Benning will teach tank and
motor mechanics, among other
courses, and the cavalry school at
Fort Riley will give training in com
bat car mechanics and allied courses.
Chamberlain to Speak
On Radio This Afternoon
By the Associated Press.
LONDON, June 29—Neville Cham1
berlain, former Prime Minister and
now Lord President of the Council,
will address the British Isles and
overseas outposts over the networks
of the British Broadcasting Corp.
at 8:45 p.m. <2:45 p.m. E. S. T.) to
morrow.
Both WMAL of the National
Broadcasting Co. and WJSV of the
Columbia Broadcasting Co. will car
ry Mr. Chamberlain's address, it
was said last night.
Radio Programs, Page F-5
Complete Index, Page A-2
ft
^OONT WORRY)
CHARLIE. I CAN/
vTAKEJT^y
Six-Nation Trade Talks
Reported in Rome
By the Associated Pres*.
LONDON, June 30 (Sunday)—A
German radio broadcast heard here
early today said German, Italian,
Rumanian, Bulgarian, Yugoslav and
Hungarian representatives conferred '
in Rome yesterday "to discuss trans- !
port and trade questions arising |
from recent events.'*

Japanese Army Men
Call European War
'Golden Opportunity'
'Strong Attitude' Orders
Sent to All Corps;
Arita Warns of 'Sphere'
Bs ;h* Associated Press.
TOKIO, June 30 (Sunday).—War
in Europe has presented Japan with
a "golden opportunity" and she must
take a "strong attitude,” a group of
leading Japanese Army men decided
at a conference last night, the news-'
paper Nichi Nichi said today.
The paper said the conference
followed a broadcast to the empire
yesterday by Foreign Minister Ha
chiro Arita. who enunciated a for
eign policy based on creation of
a Japanese - dominated "Asiatic
sphere.”
Instructions relative to the “strong j
attitude” were sent to all army corps,
and were interpreted as orders to \
be on the alert for opportunity to
consolidate Japan’s position.
Disappointed in Arita Speecii.
Observers believe, however, that
the military men were disappointed
in Arita’s speech because it advo
cated co-operation in the formation
of spheres of influence and also
avoided encouragement for the axis
powers, rather than coming out flat
ly for a redistribution of the world's
resources as a prelude to peace.
Japanese language newspapers re
ported the military services were
attempting to squelch rumors that
they favored avoidance of friction
with the United States and Great
Britain. According to these papers,
the military view is that friction
with these "old influences” (Britain
and the United States) may become
inevitable through future changes
in the international situation.
Actually, the Arita speech was an
advance from the previous position
in which Japan had insisted upon
maintenance of the status quo in
Eastern Asia.
Arita Sees World Spheres.
The Foreign Minister, broadcasting
to the empire, visualized the crea
tion of stabilized spheres through
out the world between “closely re
lated peoples" as a prelude to per
manent peace.
No mention was made of "status
quo” or previous inferential warn
ings to Western nations to stay away
from colonies in East Asia and the
South Seas.
"The cause of strife mankind
hitherto has experienced.” he said,
"lies generally in the failure to
give due consideration to the ne
cessity of some such natural con
(See TOKIO. Page A-6.)
McNutt Dedicates
Carolina Park
j Bv the Associated Press.
ALBEMARLE. N. C.. June 29.—
Federal Security Administrator Paul
V. McNutt told an. audience today
at the dedication of Morrow Moun
tain State Park that “America is
not a Nation of Chamberlains. And
if the time comes to defend demo
cratic liberties there will be no ap
peasement here.”
McNutt and Gov. Clyde R. Hoey
were the principal speakers at the
dedication of the park, the largest
recreational area maintained by the
North Carolina State Department
of Conservation and Development.
McNutt, declaring tha tthe United
States was a peace-loving people
and had devoted comparatively lit
tle time and money to building arm
aments, said:
“But woe to the man or the na
tion that thinks America cannot or
will not defend itself, its life and its
liberties. The response to the Presi
dent’s call for the Nation to arm
itself leaves no doubt about the an
swer. And if the occasion arises, it
will appear how quickly this Nation
of happy, sport-loving men and
women and boys and girls will be
ready to make the sacrifices neces
sary to defend their freedom.”
v M wrnm Jl i <wrojT-l
Threat of Third Party
Under Peace Label
Seen Increasing
' Democrats Are Warned
Of Break Unless They
Nominate Wheeler
By JOHN C. HENRY.
Despite indignant denials from
every source acutallv accused of
"appeasement” sentiment toward
the fast-growing totalitarian dom
inance of other parts of the world,
threat of establishment of a new
political party under a "peace” label
appeared yesterday to be spreading.
Immediate contributing factor, of
course, is the Republican conven
tion action of naming Wendell L.
Willkie, outspoken foe of totali
tarianism. to the top spot on its
presidential ticket. The vigor of
Mr. Willkie's past expressions of dis
like for the Rome-Berlin philoso
Dhics definitely overshadows the rel
atively innocuous G. O. P. plat
form plank on foreign affairs, caus
ing the extreme non-interventionists
to launch charges at once that the
“war-makers” have assumed con
trol of the Republican party.
Paralleling this development on
the Republican side is the proba
bility of Democratic renomination
of President Roosevelt, whose anti
totalitarian temper has been con
sistent and unmistakable. In the
event the Chief Executive chooses
not to run, it is considered virtually
certain the party leadership would
fall on Secretary of State Hull,
whose accord with Mr. Roosevelt
on foreign policy has been complete.
No Refuge in Major Parties.
The result, therefore, is that those
who would speak more softly at
the dictatorial regimes of Europe
and Asia—even though committed
to every means of Western Hemi
sphere defense—have no political
refuge in either of the major parties.
With the Republican die already
cast, the energies of this so-called
anti-war group are directed for the
moment at efforts to temper Demo
cratic convention action toward an
unequivocal anti-war platform plank
and selection of a candidate less
bellicose in his anti-axis pronounce
ments. Their hopes, however, are not
high.
Pattern of this strategy was out
lined clearly in a statement yester
day by Senator Johnson, Democrat,
of Colorado.
"Burton K. Wheeler (Democratic
Senator from Montana) is the only
Democrat who can win against
Willkie,’’ Senator Johnson said.
"Democrats must fight fire with
fight. Willkie is vulnerable in his
Wall Street connections and in his
~ iSee POLITICS. Page A-3.)
Roosevelt Gets Colorado
And Minnesota Votes
By th* Associated Press.
COLORADO SPRINGS, Colo.
June 29.—Colorado Democrat.'
pledged their 12 national convention
votes to President Roosevelt today
and notified party members, among
them Senator Johnson, that the\
would be expected to abide by the
decision. -
A resolution inSfecting national
convention delegates to vote for s
third term nomination at Chicage
was adopted with unanimous ap
proval ofythe 1,204 State conventior
delegates.
Later the convention voted to sene
a copy of the resolution to Senatoi
Johnson "for his information” anc
with a reminder that "this actior
was taken without dissenting voice.’
Senator Johnson, who did not returr
to Colorado for the convention, ha:
threatened to bolt the party if Mr
Roosevelt is renominated and ha;
urged that Senator Burton K
Wheeler be the Democratic presi
dential choice.
DULUTH, Minn., June 29 UP).
Minnesota Democrats, in Slate con
vention, today approved by voice
vote a motion to draft Presiden
Roosevelt for a third term. E.gh
delegates at large were named t(
the national convention at Chicage
July 15.
In addition, there will be 20 othe
delegates to the national convention
representing nine congressional dis
tricts. Minnesota will have only 2:
votes at Chicago, and 12 of the 2:
total delegates will have half a tot
each.
Willkie Delays
Quick Selection
Of Chairman
Subcommittee Named
To Confer With
G. 0. P. Candidate
By G. GOULD LINCOLN,
St*i Staff Correspondent.
PHILADELPHIA, June 29 —Con
fident they have picked a winner in
Wendell L. Willkie, their presidential
nominee, the last of the Republican
hosts which descended upon Phila
delphia a week ago were homeward
bound tonight.
Left to the final determination of
Mr. Willkie himself is the setup of
the Republican organization which
is to carry the fight against the
Democrats in the coming campaign.
Mr. Willkie left Philadelphia on
board the yacht of Roy W. Howard
about noon, without having settled
the question of a national party
chairman.
Nor did he set any date for his
formal acceptance of the Republi
can presidential nomination, which
is to be made in his home town.
Elwood, Ind. It is indicated, how
ever, that he will not deliver his
; acceptance speech—the opening of
| his speaking campaign—qntil after
I the Democrats have held their na
I tional convention and named their
j presidential candidate and adopted
; their platform.
Pledges of Loyalty Received.
From all groups, those who sup
: ported Thomas E. Dewey and those
who supported Senator Robert A.
Taft, Willkie’s chief contenders, to
day came pledges of loyalty to the
Willkie-McNary ticket. •
The Republicans have come round
to the belief—insisted upon by the
Willkie campaign managers before
McNary Will Meet
His Running Mate
First Time This Week
By the Associated Press.
Wendell L. Willkie. Repub
lican candidate for President,
probably will meet Charles Mc
Nary, candidate for Vice Presi
dent, some time this week.
Senator McNary told report
j ers this yesterday as he sorted
through hundreds of congratu
latory telegrams, answered a
constantly ringing telephone,
and took time to pose for mo
tion picture cameramen. There
has been no arrangement about
I when and where they will meet.
Although Senator McNary
attended early sessions of the
Republican convention, the two
men have never been intro
! duced.
1
i --
! the nomination was made—that Mr.
Willkie is the real choice of the
people. They expect great things
i from the man who is now said to
have “taken the presidency out of
| politics.”
The newly elected Republican
I National Committee, at the sug
i gestion of Mr. Willkie today ap
: pointed a subcommittee of 12 to
: confer with the candidate this week
; on the selection of a chairman, the
! vice chairman, vice chairwoman and
1 all other officers, including the
members of the Executive Commit.
tee. The presidential nominee and
I the subcommittee are expected to
! meet next Wednesday at a place
j to be appointed by Mr. Willkie,
I Walter S. Hallanan of West Vir
i ginia, its chairman, said.
Were Prepared to Act.
A majority of the committee was
prepared to go right ahead and re
elect John Hamilton of Kansas
chairman of the national committee,
when the committee assembled to
day. Word, however, was brought
from Mr. Willkie by Mr. Hallanan,
Samuel F. Pryor, jr„ of Connecticut
and C. B. Goodspeed, treasurer of
the national committee, that ha
would like to have a little time to
consider the matter.
At a press conference. Mr. Willkie
said in reply to questions about the
probable selection of a national
chairman: “I have been concen
trating on getting the nomination,
and I haven't had time to give that
question much thought.”
Mr. Willkie added that Mr. Hamil
ton was a “very able fellow,” and
that a decision on the chairman
ship would be reached next week.
There is more than meets the eye
in the selection of the national
chairman. It is a position of great
responsibility during a campaign,
and if the presidential candidate
is successful, the national chairman
usually has a great deal to say about
the distribution of Federal patron
age—a vast number of offices on the
Government pay roll.
Col. B. R. Creager of Texas, one
of the committeemen strongly in
(See g7o7p., PageXT)
Dutch Disturbances
Calmed by Germans
By the Associated Press.
AMSTERDAM, June 29.—German
; and Netherlands authorities restored
order in Amsterdam, the Hague
; Utrecht and Haarlem late tonight
’ after minor differences between
’ Dutch National Socialists and Neth
erlanders who wore white carnation*
' to mark the 20th birthday of Princ*
Bernhard, anti-Nazi German con
sort of Princess Juliana.
Some of the National Socialists
appeared on the streets wearing
\ black uniforms. Netherlands and
; German police calmed the popula
' tion with the aid of the blackout,
' which forced the people home.
* The custom of displaying ths
1 Dutch flag was dispensed with. Of
ficials recently requested citizens
temporarily to forgo displays since
> ‘‘our people mourn for what is lost
■ and manifestations of rejoicing seem
’■ unbecoming.”
* But there were heavy runs on th*
s flower shops for the Prince's fa
vorite flower.

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