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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, June 30, 1940, Image 2

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Costliest Fiscal Year
In Peacetime History
Starts Tomorrow
Expenditures May Pass
$10,500,000,000, Leaving
$2,800,000,000 Deficit "
By the Associp ted Press.
The Government, chalking up a
deficit of $3,700,000,000, will end one
fiscal year today and start on a new
one which, as a result of the new
defense program, will be the costliest
in peacetime history.
The expiring fiscal year produced
a new spending record of about $9,
600.000.000. Revenue totaled about
$5,900,000,000, leaving a deficit ex
ceeded in peacetime only in 1936,
when the soldiers’ bonus was paid.
(Exact figures on income and outgo
will not be knowm until the middle
of this week after year-end reports
are received from field offices.)
At present, Treasury officials are
figuring on expenditures of approx
imately $10,500,000,000 and income
of about $7,000,000,000 in the new
year. If these estimates hold good,
the deficit will be about $2,800,000,
000, because the Treasury is figuring
on getting about $700,000,000 from a
dozen Government corporations
which have been instructed to turn
back part of their capital.
may r.xceea iu rsimon.
There is every prospect, however, j
that expenditures will be far greater
than $10,500,000,000. President Roose
velt has disclosed that expansion
of the rearmament program is under
consideration. He mentioned no fig
ures, but authoritative quarters said
this might involve a $5,000,000,000
outlay.
At the turn of the fiscal year the
Treasury owed about $43,000,000,000
and had less than $2,000,000,000 of
its statutory borrowing authority
left. But the new defense program
carried with it $4,000,000,000 more
borrowing.power.
Transition of the budget from a
peacetime to a preparedness status
was marked in many items. In the
old year, the Treasury spent $1,575,
000.000 for defense. In the new
year, the bill will approximate
$3,600,000,000. Appropriations for
next year are much larger, but much
of the work won't be paid for until
the fiscal year beginning July 1,
1941.
Last year, W. P. A. and other work
relief cost $1,840,000,000. Next year
it is expected to fall to $1,400,000,000.
Small reductions will be made in
eosts of other non-defense activities.
Larger Tax Yields Expected.
The larger revenue estimates are
due partly to anticipation of great
er yield from old taxes, on account
of expected better business, and
partly from the new defense taxes
just enacted. The old taxes are ex
pected to produce about $385,000,000
more than they did last year, while
the new levies are figured at $715,
000.000.
The new taxes are expected to
bring in $994,300,000 a year in the
following four years. The first
year's revenue from these levies will
be less because persons w’ho pay
their income taxes in quarterly in
stallments won’t pay their third
and fourth installments on 1940 in
come until the 1942 fiscal year (be
binning July 1, 1941).
The new tax law provides for in
creases of 10 to 50 per cent in excise
levies (taxes of cigarettes, gasoline,
etc.), 10 per cent in estate and gift
taxes, 10 per cent in individual in
come taxes, 16.1 to 18 per cent in
corporation taxes and a decrease of
20 per cent in basic income tax ex
emptions.
The decrease in income tax ex
emptions, from $2,500 to $2,000 for
married couples and from $1,000 to
$800 for single persons, is expected
to add 2,200,000 income taxpayers
to Government rolls.
The estate and gift taxes went
into effect last Tuesday, when Pres
ident Roosevelt signed the tax bill.
Excise taxes are effective tomor
row', and income taxes will be pay
able on 1940 income.
uaMMinr lax incrra>cu.
An additional 1 per barrel on
beer will add a third of a cent per
bottle; an extra 75 cents per gal
lon on liquor will add 19 cents per
quart, and 25 cents more on each
1,000 cigarettes will add half a cent
to each standard package of 20.
Th gasoline tax will jump from
1 to Its cents; radios, from 6 to
5'/2 per cent of their value; passen
ger cars, from 3 to 3'/2 per cent, and
bo on for 30-odd other items.
Amusement admission taxes will
begin at 21 cents instead of 41. The
Beale of 1 cent for each 10 cents
of admission price will continue.
A total of 2,200,000 new income
taxpayers will join the 2.900,000 to
whom the Government already
sends “Please remit” notices every
March 15. They will be made sub
ject to tax on their 1940 incomes
as a result of lowering the personal
exemptions of married persons from
$2,500 to $2,000 and of single per
sons from $1,000 to $800.
In addition, a “super-tax” of 10
per cent of the normal income tax is
imposed.
Officers Are Appointed
By Jews and Christians
Dr. Ernest F. Griffith of American
University has been appointed
chairman of the Washington Round
Table. National Conference of
Christians and Jews, to serve during
1940-41.
Associated with Dr. Griffith will
be two vice chairmen, Michael F.
Calnan, Catholic layman and presi
dent of the Liberty National Bank,
and Joseph D. Kaufman, Jewish
layman, merchant and civil leader.
The three men will succeed Dr.
William Compton. Joseph P. Tum
ulty and Milton W. King.
Regarding the program for the
coming year, the new officers issued
the following statement:
"In the year ahead the eyes of
the world will be on the United
States, and on Washington in par
ticular. The American people will
be facing issues as serious as those
It faced in 1775 and 1561. These
Issues will lie about the heart and
the strength and even the survival
of the democratic way of life. It
Mil be the plan of the Washington
Round Table of the National Con
ference of Christians and Jews to
form a program in its own sphere
that it is hoped will maice a major
contribution in our community to
the great American traditions of
unity and tolerance. It is our hope
that this Washington program will
" »o effective in this national emer
gency that it may be of value to
cities throughout the United
states.”
Admiral Land to Aid Knudsen
Find Shipbuilding Facilities
▲ __
Maritime Lommission
Head to Co-ordinate
All Construction
By ROBERT BRUSKIN.
The growing problems of finding
shipbuilding facilities for the ex
panding Navy without impeding
construction of commercial vessels
was given yesterday to Rear Ad
miral Emory S. Land, chairman of
the United States Maritime Com
mission, for solution.
The National Defense Advisory
Commission announced his appoint
ment to the staff of William S.
Knudsen, chief of defense produc
tion, as co-ordinator of all shipbuild
ing. Admiral Land will retain his
position with the Maritime Commis
sion, which is far ahead in its sched
ule to complete 500 merchant ships
capable of being used as naval aux
iliaries.
Appointment of Admiral Land,
who was chief constructor of the
Navy before his retirement, was one
of several announced. Earlier,
President Roosevelt appointed Owen
D. Young, chairman of the Ameri
can Youth Commission and retired
board chairman of the General Elec
tric Co., to advise Sidney Hillman
in drafting and supervising the
commission's youth training pro
gram.
REAR ADMIRAL LAND.
be converted to construct cruisers,
but vast expansion would be needed
for the shipyard's industrial estab
lishment other than the ship ways.
The Maritime Commision, which
began its program in 1938, now has
under construction 109 vessels, chief
ly fast cargo carriers and tankers.
Fifty others previously were launch
ed and of these 37 are already in
operation.
Despite this vast program which
contemplates completion of 500 ves
sels before 1948, many ways in com
mercial yards are empty. Thus
Admiral Land will be faced ydth the
necessity of making warship con
struction available to the unused
plants suitable for that purpose.
Ways Problem Serious.
Admiral Land's experience in
naval and merchant ship construc
tion is expected to help solve the
complexities of making more com
mercial shipyards available for the
naval expansion propram, especially
in construction of smaller types of
warships.
Members of Congress have been
told by the Navy high command
that the problem is serious and
shipyard expansion is needed im
mediately. At present, the Navy
has available only 62 ways where
combat vessels were previously built
in which to lay down 138 ships for
which funds have already been ap
propriated. Contracts have been
awarded for 89. The remainder are
being withheld until President
Roosevelt signs a bill authorizing
the Navy to negotiate contracts for
warships rather than obtain them
through competitive bidding. This
is expected to permit cheaper con
struction and to expand the num
ber of yards seeking naval con
tracts.
This construction program is ex
clusive of the $4,000,000,000 expen
diture authorized by the House two
weeks ago for a 70 per cent increase,
providing a two-ocean navy.
Ten Battleships Planned.
Ten battleships and five aircraft
carriers are on the program for im
mediate construction, yet Rear
Admiral Samuel M. Robinson, chief
of the Bureau of Engineering, told
a House committee only 11 ways are
available. Launching of the 30.000
ton liner America at Newport News
freed another way for a large war
ship.
Funds have been voted for 21
cruisers, heavy and light, but space
is available for constructing only
17 at one time. Only 25 ways are
ready for 61 destroyers. Many of
these smaller craft could be built
at commercial yards which hitherto
have specialized in merchant ship
ping. Some funds have been pro
vided to expand the number of
ways in navy yards for the smaller
vessels.
Highly specialized facilities for
submarines now permit construction
of only 9 at one time. Funds have
been appropriated for 41.
Admiral Robinson was careful to
point out that his estimate of 62
ways available for warship construc
tion extended only to those com
panies “which have built com
batant vessels in the past.” This
meant inclusion of eight navy yards,
of which only two are on the West
Coast, and seven commercial build
ers, all on the East Coast.
Private Yards Could Be Used.
Several private yards, now turning
out 11,000-ton tankers for the Mari
time Commission, probably could
inner Aides Named.
Other Defense Commission aides
named yesterday are:
Maxwell Brandwen, executive as
sistant to Mr. Hillman.
Isador Lubin. executive assistant
for labor requirements. Dr. Lubin
is Commissioner of Labor Statistics,
Labor Department, and will retain
that position.
Floyd W. Reeves, executive assist
ant for labor supply, will have
charge of co-ordinating training
program. Mr. Reeves is director of
the American Youth Commission, a
non-governmental agency of which
Mr. Young is chairman. He is also
a professor of administration at the
University of Chicago. H. A. Sarre,
director of personnel for the Federal
Works Agency, will be assistant to
Mr. Reeves.
Edward Martin of the economic
staff of the Bureau of Labor Sta
! tistics, and N. Arnold Tolies, chief
of the Division of Research and
Statistics, Wage and Hour Division,
Labor Department, will be assist
ants to Dr. Lubin.
Consumer Advisers.
As consultants to Miss Harriet
Elliott, member of the commission
in charge of consumer problems:
Mrs. Minnie Fisher Cunningham,
chairman of the Urban-Rural Co
operative Committee, General Fed
eration of Women's Clubs, Galves
ton, Tex.; Josephine Wilkins, Geor
gia Citizens Fact-Finding Commit
tee, Atlanta; Mary Dublin, executive
secretary, National Consumers’
League, New York; John Cassels,
director of the Institute for Con
sumer Education, Stephens College,
Columbia, Mo.; Frances Williams of
the laboratory division of the Na
tional Y. W. C. A., New York, where
she has been serving as an adviser
on work among the Negroes; John
Edelman, assistant director of in
formation, United States Housing
Authority, and Louis Adamic, author,
of Milford, N. J.
As consultants to Ralph Budd,
member of the commission in charge
of transportation problems: A. T.
W’ood, president. Lake Carriers As
sociation, Cleveland; Ted V. Rod
gers, president. American Trucking
Association, Inc., Washington; F. C.
Horner, New York, assistant to the
chairman, General Motors Corp..
and Arthur M. Hill, president, Na
tional Association of Motor Bus
Operators.
Only 300 Soldiers in Alaska
To Guard America's Flank
Exposed Territory Lies Near Japanese
And Russian Outposts
As a measure of national de
fense. the United States is at
tempting to close all military
gateways to the New World
against any possible aggression.
Military authorities have char
acterized Alaska as the weakest
link in our defense chain and the
Army and Navy now are con
centrating efforts on the building
up of Alaskan defenses. This is
the first of a series of articles
dealing at first hand with some
of the problems involved in the
defense of Alaska.
BY JOSEPH S. EDGERTON,
Star Aviation Editor.
JUNEAU, Alaska iBy Airmail).—
One of the worst mistakes any mili
tary leader can make is to under
estimate the enemy or the ability
and capacity of an enemy to strike
where it will hurt the most. For
this reason, neglicting the defense
of any vulnerable spot in a nation's
defense armour is a military mis
take of the first order.
There is a strong feeling among
military leaders, which rapidly is
spreading to civil leaders and lay
men, that for the United States to
neglect any longer the defense of
Alaska, now an open gateway to the
Americas and the weak spot in our
armour, would be as great a mistake
as that made by the French in plac
ing their whole reliance on the
Maginot Line, at the expense of
other forms of defense.
The capture of Alaska, or even of
strong footholds in Alaska, might
enable a strong and aggressive ene
my to turn the whole flank of any
American continental defense sys
tem, as the Germans turned and de
stroyed the Maginot Line by driv
ing through Holland and Belgium, in
the opinion of military leaders.
Only Small Force of Infantry.
“Alaska at this time is the un
defended part of the United States,”
Gov. Ernest H. Gruening of Alaska
pointed out in an interview here at
the Alaskan capital. “The only de
fense that exists here now is a couple
of companies of infantry, at Chil
koot Barracks in Southeastern Alas
ka. There is no defense whatever
in all of Western Alaska. There is
not even an Army or Navy combat
airplane in the whole of Alaska.
"The Government has spent some
thing like $400,000,000 to defend the
island of Oahu in the Hawaiian la
lands on the assumption that an at
tack from the Orient might come
through there. I think if it comes
it is far more likely to be by way of
Alaska, where the distance which an
attacking force would have to tra
verse are much less. It is much more
likely that Alaska would be the first
place of attempted invasion. It is
a region which a hostile army, or a
hostile fleet of airplanes, would sin
gle out for a variety of reasons.”
Aleutians Near Shipping Route.
The Great Circle route from Yo
kahama. Japan, to the Northwestern
United States lies close to the Aleu
tian Islands. This route between
Japan and the United States is
shorter by 1.400 miles than that by
way of the Hawaiian Islands.
“It is perfectly obvious that what
Gen. William Mitchell pointed out
years ago is true,” it was explained
by Anthony J. Dimond, Alaskan
delegate to the House of Represent
atives. “He said Alaska is the most
important strategic area in all the
North Pacific. He pointed out, and
we are trying to point out, that if
any attack ever comes against us
across the North Pacific Ocean it is
inevitable that it will be by way of
Alaska or the coast of Alaska, and
that it will not come by way of Hono
lulu or father south because that
would involve much greater travel
distances.
"We have 300 infantrymen at the
Chilkoot Barracks, and in case of
any serious difficulty, the only thing
they could do would be to surrender.
“There should be something that
would act as a deterrent against a
possible invader. It would be no
good to have a second-best force
available because that, as some one
has said, gives a false sense of con
fidence and leads to disaster.
“If we had the facilities to accom
modate a substantial number of air
planes on the coast of Alaska, at
Anchorage or any other suitable
place, it is almost certain that no
hositle force would attempt to move
across the North Pacific and attack
us.”
Alaska still is unprotected against
invasion and it is only now that the
Army and Navy are beginning to
build up air defenses, some of which
will be ready for tactical operations
by next year. How about foreign
bases within range of Alaska?
There is a strong Japanese naval
base at Par&mushiru in the northern
Bandit Loots Store
After Asking About
Theft Insurance
Three Robberies Net
More Than $300; Man
Captures Burglary Suspect
Holdup men, one of whom took
time to ascertain whether his vic
tim was insured against robberies,
obtained more than $300 in cash
and a check for $100 in three rob
beries late yesterday. Thefts also
accounted for a small amount of
cash and a check for $1,771. A
burglary suspect was captured early
yesterday following a lengthy chase
by Charles L. Byram, jr„ whose
home he allegedly entered.
The largest single sum was taken
last night from the Tokay liquor
store, 417 Eleventh street N.W.,
where a lone
bandit with a
pistol made Sam
Marmelstein, the
proprietor, hand
over approxim
ately $210 from
the cash regis
ter, after asking
him if he was
fully insured
against banditry.
After receiving
assurance from
Mr. Marmelstein
that he was in
sured, the ban- _ ,
did quietly said : ch*r,M u Jr’
•'O. K. then, give me all your
bills.’’
Then, before departing, the rob
ber asked his victim to give him the
‘‘customary’ 10 minutes” in which to
escape. The man ran down Eleventh
street. Mr. Marmalstein described
the robber as being about 40 years
old, 5 feet and 8 inches tall, dressed
in a neat blue polo shirt and khaki
trousers.
A short while later, a bandit who
answered the general description
of the man who robbed the Tokay
store, held up a D. N. S. liquor
store in the 1500 block of Eleventh
street N.W. and made the proprietor,
Sidney Golden, 38, hand over *40
from the cash register.
Meanwhile, the bandit brandished
a pistol and commanded William
Fiame, a clerk, and a customer to
stand still, saying, "Stay where you
are. I am no amateur.’’
Carl Ney, 27, of Fort Myers, Fla..
who is said to have been stopping
at a house in the 1700 block of N
| street N.W., told police he was
robbed yesterday afternoon of *61
in cash and a check for *100 by
two strangers whom he admitted to
a room he had rented in a down
town hotel. Mr. Ney told police the
men bound and gagged him before
leaving.
Early yesterday Mr. Byram, who
lives at 123 Tenth street N.E., cap
tured the alleged burglar who had
aw’akened him in his home, after a
chase through Northwest 'Washing
ton.
After hastily dressing, Mr. Byram
left the house just in time to see
the man hail a taxicab. He got
in his car and pursued the cab
until it was on the bridge at
Twenty-eighth street and Pennsyl
vania avenue N.W. There, he forced
it to the curb, and the cab driver
helped him subdue the passenger.
Mrs. Amy Lansing Beard of Sil
ver Spring, Md., told police her
pocketbook. containing *7 in cash
and a check for *1,771, payable to
her, was stolen from a camera case
while she was taking pictures on a
Government building lawn near
Constitution avenue N.W. The
check was drawn by the New Jersey
State teachers’ pension fund, po
lice were told.
Jewelry valued at *439.10 was
snatched from the hands of Charles
A. Stanton, 1349 U street N.W., as
he walked along the 500 block of
T street N.W., police reported.
Mr. Stanton, manager of a jew
elry store, was carrrying a type
writer case containing watches,
rings, lockets and chains when two
colored men seized the bag and ran,
it was stated.
Japanese islands, within 750 miles
of the westernmost of the Aleutian
Islands. It was stated in Juneau
that naval authorities and Alaskan
civil officials are keeping worried
eyes on Kamchatka and the (Com
modore) Islands and are puzzling
over what actually may be going on
in this area.
"Soviet Russia is fortifying the two
main islands of the Kamandorsky
group—Bering Island and Medny
Island,” Delegate Dimond reported
to Congress. "A small submarine
base has been established in Bering
Strait which might be made avail
able to Germany for raids in the
Pacific.”
Last December a large group of
German naval officers flew from
Nikolaevsk-Amur to the Kamand
orskys in Russian naval airplanes
and were still there until last Jan
uary as the guests of Comdr. Yum
ashefl of the Soviet Pacific fleet, ac
cording to report received at Juneau.
Another group, thought to be com
posed of about 20 German subma
rine commanders, visited the is
lands in January in groups of 10 or
12. German diesel engine and sub
marine experts were flown to Kam
andorsky at various times during
the late winter and early spring
from Vladivostock, it was reported.
The Kamandorsky Islands, be
longing to Soviet Russia, are ap
proximately 260 miles from Attu
Island in the Aleutians, the nearest
part of the United States.
"It appears that those islands are
now being fortified—in fact, have
been fortified—and that a subma
rine base already exists on one of
them,” it was reported in Juneau.
"The fact that these fortifications
exist within approximately 260 miles
of our territory, considered in con
nection with the fact that the Jap
anese naval base at Paramushiru in
the Japanese Archipelago lies with
in 750 miles of United States terri
tory, ought to be sufficient warning
that defensive works in Alaska are
now necessary and that construc
tion of these works no longer should
be delayed. Under modern condi
tions, it is difficult, if not impossible,
for any nation to arm adequately
after war starts, particularly with
respect to defensive installations
which require some considerable
time to build. Moreover, if such
works are to be really a power for
peace they must be in existence be
fore the fatal moment w'hen war
is declared or commenced.”
(Recent news of Russian ac
tivities on big Diomede Island
have focused public attention on
the military situation in the Ber
ing Strait. This situation will be
discussed in the second article of
this series.)
Readers' Guide
and
News Summary
The Sunday Star, June 30, 1940.
PART ONE.
Afain News Section.
National.
Reports of third party under “peace”
label are heard. Page A-l
Naming of G. O. P. national chair
man held In abeyance. Page A-l
New fiscal year to be costliest in
peacetime history. Page A-l
Roosevelt signs bill requiring finger
printing ol aliens. Page B-2
P. W. A. faces oblivion unless fitted
into defense picture. Page A-2
: Laughton's $100,000 tax case re
manded to board. Page B-3
Foreign.
j Turkey to call million if Bulgaria
mobilizes. Page A-l
Reds occupying Bessarabia seize
Nazi foodstuffs. Page A-l
Paris strives for normalcy with 1,
200,000 out of jobs. Page A-l
Pan-American neutrality revision
may be Havana topic. Page A-l
German bombs dropped in British
industrial heart. Page A-l
Lady Mosley, Hitler's friend, arrested
by Scotland Yard. Page A-3
Mexican officials predict peaceful
election. Page A-5
Washington and Vicinity.
Capital leaders to attend Fourth
rites at Monument. Page B-l
Several D. C. employes may lose jobs
under alien law. Page B-l
| Bridegroom, 80, collapses at wed
ding in Arlington. Page B-l
Montgomery board dismisses Police
Chief Orme. Page B-l
Miscellaneous.
Obituary Page A-12
Call of trail. Page C-6 i
Travel and resorts. Pages B-4-5-6
New serial story. Page C-8
Service orders. Page D-8
Vital statistics. Page D-8
Financial.
| Mid-year activity best in
decade. Page B-7
Stock trends mixed. Page B-7
Weekly stock summary. Page B-8
Grains and cotton down. Page B-7
D. C. clearings far above
1939. Page B-7
1 Washington living costs
stable. Page B-7 j
PART TWO.
Editorial.
! Editorial articles. Pages C-l-3
; Editorial and comment. Page C-2
News features. Pages C-4-5
John Clagett Proctor. Page C-4
Civic news. Page C-6
I Fraternal news. Pages C-6-7
Educational. Page C-S
PART THREE.
Society.
Society news. Pages I)-1-9
Well-known folks. Page D-2
In service society. Page D-6
Barbara Bell pattern. Page D-9 i
Womens clubs. Page D-9
PART FOUR.
opens.
i Nats make 18 hits to again win over
Red Sox, 9-7. Page E-l
| Early favorites out as Capital golf
j reaches semis. Page E-2
! Bensinger and Doyle win junior
boys' net titles. Page E-3
Baer-Galento battle should give j
many laughs. Page E-4
Magic Stream boosts stock with
Christiana victory. Page E-5
PART FIVE.
Features.
Amusements. Pages F-l-2-3 j
Art notes Page F-4
Music. Page F-4
Radio programs. Pages F-5-6
Books. Page F-7
Stamps. Page F-8
In bridge circles. Page F-8
Dick Mansfield. Page F-8
Kennel news. Page F-8
The Junior Star. Page F-9
Two Die as Trailer
Runs Wild Down Mountain
By the Associated Press.
RACINE, W. Va„ June 29.—Two
Detroit men burned to death today
in the wreckage of a two-level trail
er which ran out of control down
a mountain near the end of its last
trip into West Virginia with new
automobiles.
The men, operating a type of
vehicle which is to be outlawed in
this State beginning tomorrow at
midnight, were identified by Julius
Huwe of Detroit as Carl Bozarth,
24, and William McDonald, 22, of
Detroit.
Huwe, driving a trailer truck also
carrying new automobiles, told State
Police Corporal F. C. Bennett the
vehicle ahead of him "seemed to
zig-zag and get out of control
around a curve.”
The State Supreme Court today
refused to grant an injunction
asked by five truckers and the West
Virginia Automobile Dealers Associ
ation to halt enforcement of a 1939
law forbidding use of double-decker
automobile transports in the State.
The trucking firms insisted the
measure interferred with interstate
commerce.
Roosevelt Is Held Best
Opponent to Willkie
By the Associated Press.
LITTLE ROCK, Ark., June 29.—
Gov. Carl Bailey, a Democrat, de
clared today President Roosevelt was
the only potential presidential can
didate who has a chance* to defeat
Wendell Willkie, the Republican
nominee.
"I think the Republicans have
named the strongest possible tick
et,” the Governor said at a press
conference. “If the people are of a
mind to make a change, Mr. Will
kie, because of his attractive quali
ties, would probably be their choice.”
For that reason, he said, the Dem
ocrats must renominate Mr. Roose
velt for a third term.
0
Cotton States Asked
For Research Fund
By the Auocleted Pres*.
WACO, Tex., June 29.—The Cot
ton Research Congress adopted a
resolution today urging the Legis
latures of Southern States to ap
propriate at least $250,000 annually
for specific research for new uses of
cotton and its by-products.
Commenting on the three-day
congress, Burris C. Jackson of Hills
boro, Tex., chairman, said:
“This is the first time in history
we have brought together the brains
of the cotton industry. We have
stimulated new interest in cotton
thinking and if we haven’t accom
plished any more than to bring the
cotton problem home to the public
this meeting has been a success.”
P.W.A. Near Oblivion
Unless Merged With
Defense Program
All Projects Completed,
Which Calls for 1941
Liquidation
By NELSON M. SHEPARD.
Forced to begin liquidation dur
ing the new fiscal year starting to
morrow, the Public Works Ad
ministration is likely to pass com
pletely' from the American stage,
where it has been under a spotlight
the last seven years, unless it is
made to fit into some phase of the
national defense program.
This was the reluctant admission
made yesterday by officials, who
apparently have given up hope of
Congress authorizing the New Deal
agency to embark on another inde
pendent construction program (f its
own. That hope largely died whh
the futile efforts to earmark funds
for the P. W. A. in the 1341 relief
bill.
Because of the situation now fac
ing it, officials said that adminis
tration supporters are now trying
to affiliate the P. W. A. with the
National Defense Advisory Commis
sion, or to utilize its engineer foice
with the Army Engineers Corps in
emergency construction work. The
former proposal, it was admitted,
has little chance of succeeding, so
negotiations are being directed
mainly in the hope of the War De
partment. and possibly the Navy
Bureau of Yards and Docks, work
ing out a plan for P. W. A. co
operation.
tias Many Engineer*.
The agency, it was pointed out
has between 500 and 600 competent
engineers on its rolls as oi June 30.
Its own construction program is
virtually completed and most of the
engineers will be released during
the early part of the liquidation
period. They have had experience
in many of the phases of Army and
Navy construction work that will
be necessary during the defense pro
gram, such as river and harbor im
provements, the construction of
wharfs and docks, highways and
buildings.
In addition to engineers now on
its rolls, officials said, considerably
more than that number had been
released since the agency began
reducing personnel nearly a \ear
ago. A great many of these, as well
as others who are now connected
with hold-over jobs, would be avail
able for defense work.
The outlook for the P. W. A., how
ever, is none too encouraging. Be
cause the Work Projects Adminis
tration is launching on a full year’s
program, the services of that agency
already has been engaged in the
emergency program. In order to
speed up W. P. A. projects of essen
tial military value, Congress re
cently authorized an additional $25,
000,000 to relieve local communities
from the need of putting up their
share of the costs.
Housing Also Figures.
The United States Housing Au
thority, which is affiliated with the
other two agencies under the Fed
eral Works Agency, also is trying
hard to fit itself into the national
defense program. Legislation is
pending in the Senate to enable the
U. S. H. A. to take care of emer
gency housing needs through the
450 local housing authorities.
At a recent conference of housing
officials with Army and Navy rep
resentatives of the Defense Com
mission, Administrator Nathan
Straus pointed out that in a de
fense program housing must be pro
vided for the following in cities and
other areas where expansion is
going on:
Families of enlisted men at Army
and Navy posts and establishments.
Families of workers in munition,
airplane and industrial plants, or
reservations contiguous to them.
Provision also should be made, he
said, for the housing of single men
and women working in the same.
The Washington Housing Associa
tion. which is interested in these
matters, reported that a move to
meet some of these needs was seen
in the authorization by President
Roosevelt to the U. S. H. A. to lend
funds for construction of low-rent
housing projects adjacent to two
of the Nation’s largest air bases.
The approved loans are to the local
authorities at Montgomery, Ala., and
Pensacola, Fla. Because of the ex
pansion at Maxwell Field, the
Army's base outside Montgomery,
424 dwelling units will be built.
Corry field, the naval base at Pen
sacola, will have the benefit of 200
new homes.
uraauai Liquiaaviun.
At the Public Works Administra
tion, unless it is willed otherwise,
the process of liquidation will pro
ceed in a gradual manner so as not
to dislocate the smooth performances
of the agency. Prom a peak of 10,
400 employes when the construction
program authorized in 1938 was in
full swing, the personnel has been
reduced to 2.331 as of June 30. Of
these. 1.115 are in the Washington
offices and 1,216 are in the field.
One reason why the Washington
force appears so large is because it
includes the Atlanta regional em
ployes who were transferred here as
an economy move. They supervise
all projects in the Southern States.
The employes in the field operate
out of the regional offices located in
New York, Chicago and San Fran
cisco.
The 1938 P. W. A. authorization
directed that all projects must be
substantially completed by June 30,
1940, and that liquidation must be
completed on or before July 1, 1941.
In these two years approximately
*560,000,000 in loans and grants had
been expended on the non-Pederal
program for construction and pay
rolls, with local communities put
ting up almost as much. The total
authorization for such projects was
*750,000,000. In its Federal program
the agency to date has spent $175,
000,000 out of the *200,000,000 avail
able. The remainder of these funds
will be used up to complete all work.
5,760 Projects Completed.
Records show that 5,760 projects
in the non-Pederal program out of
a total of 6,156 are completed and in
use. With the exception of the
Chicago subway and the Pennsyl
vania Turnpike, the balance are
“substantially” completed in accord
ance with the legal requirements.
As the remaining projects are fin
ished and put into use, the existing
P. W. A. personnel will be reduced
accordingly. Unless it is to play a
definite role in the defense program
this huge agency which for seven
years has been the largest single
customer of national industry, will
very probably close its doors before
many months.
BUYS FOR DEFENSE—Don
ald M. Nelson, under appoint
ment of the President, Is
supervising all United States
defense purchasing.
—A. P. Photo.
Talk of Adjournment
Revived, but G.O. P.
Only Wants Recess
Administration Drive
To End Session Seen
In Ellender Statement
By the Associated Press.
Talk of a new administrative drive
for congressional adjournment cir
culated on Capitol Hill yesterday as
the legislators began returning after
the week's recess for the Republican
convention.
Senator Ellender, Democrat, of
Louisiana, usually an administra
tion follower, reported increasing
sentiment for Congress to quit.
"There is no real reason to stay
here.” Senator Ellender said. "Our
job is done and public hysteria is
quieting down."
Republicans Oppose Adjournment.
Senator McNary, Republican, of
Oregon, minority leader and his
party’s vice-presidential candidate,
said the Republicans would continue
to oppose adjournment, but would
agree to a 10-dav recess for the
Democratic convention at Chicago
beginning July 15, rather than only
a week's recess.
Indications are that little will be
accomplished in Congress this week
aside from committee, and possibly
Senate, consideration of President
Roosevelt's nominations of Col.
Frank Knox to be Secretary of the
Navy, and Henry L. Stimson to be
Secretary of War.
Knox, btlmson to Testily.
Senator McNary said he expected
the Senate to meet tomorrow, re
cess until Wednesday, then recess
again—over the Fourth of July—
to Friday.
Col. Knox and Mr. Stimson are
to appear before the Naval and
Military Committees, respectively, on
Tuesday morning. Chairman Walsh
of the Naval Committee said Col.
Knox's testimony would be received
at a closed session and Chairman
Sheppard of the Military Committee
said it was probable that Mr. Stim
son also would be questioned in pri
vate.
Willkie to Conduct Good
Campaign, Dewey Says
By the Associated Press.
PHILADELPHIA, June 29 —
Thomas E. Dewey predicts Wendell
I Willkie will "conduct a hell of a
good campaign" and declares he will
| do anything he is "called on" to do
! to help the new party leader win.
! Mr. Dewey said yesterday he was
j "tremendously" glad he had made
I the campaign for the Republican
presidential nomination, despite his
defeat by Mr. Willkie.
As to the future, he said:
“The only idea I have in the
world is to render every possible sup
port to my party, and, consistent
with that, to get in as much sleep
and horseback riding as I can dur
ing the next few months.”
County Goes Dry
SMITHFIELD, N. C„ June 29 (P>.
—Johnston County voted to close its
State-controlled retail liquor stores
and to return to prohibition today.
Complete unofficial returns from
a referendum showed 7,579 persons
voted for prohibition and 3,956 voted
to retain the stores.
Weather Repoi
(Furnished by the Unitet
District of Columbia—Fair, cc
slightly warmer; moderate northwi
Maryland and Virginia—Fair, cc
fair, slightly warmer in interior.
West Virginia—Fair, not so cool
partly cloudy and warmer, followed
Weather Conditions Last 31 Roars.
The disturbance that was over Northeast
ern New York Frldav night has advanced
to Northern Maine. Caribou. 99.V6 millibars
<29.40 inches), with a trough extending
south-southwestward to Eastern North
Caroling Cape Hatteras. 1010 2 millibars
(29.S3 inchesi. Pressure is relatively low
In Southern Texas. Corpus Christ!. 1012.9
millibars 129.91 Inches) and over the mid
dle Rocky Mountain region. Lander. Wyo..
100R.1 millibars (29.77 inchesi. Relatively
high pressure prevails over Florida and the
Bahamas, Tamoa. 1019.H millibars 130.11
inches). Another high-pressure area is
moving eastward over the middle Mississ
ippi Valley. Springfield. Mo.. 1020.7 milli
bars (30.14 Inches). During the last 24
hours showers have occurred In the Lake
region, the Atlantic and Gulf States and
In New Mexico and Arizona. Temperatures
have fallen In the lower Lake region, the
Middle Atlantic 8tates. New York and Penn
sylvania. the South Atlantic States and the
south portion of the Gulf States, while
they have risen In the Plains States, the
upper Mississippi Valley and the Northern
Rocky Mountain region.
River Report.
Potomac and Shenandoah Rivera elear
at Harpers Ferry late yesterday.
Report Until 10 F.M. Saturday.
Midnight_82 12 noon_84
2 a.m_81 2 p.m-85
4 a.m._79 4 p.m-83
8 a.m_72 8 p.m_79
8 a.m_78 8 p.m_89
10 a.m--8110 p.m-65
Tile Tables.
(Furnished by United States Coast and
Geodetic Survey.)
Today. Tomorrow.
High_3:46 a.m. 4:37 a.m.
Low_10:51 a.m. 11:44 a.m.
High _4:09p.m. 5:01p.m.
Low _ -.10:45 p.m. 11:39 p.m.
The Sun and Moon.
Rises. Sets.
Sun. today _ 4:45 7:38
Sun. tomorrow_ 4:45 7:38
Moon, today -- 1:12 a.m. 3:10p.m.
Automobile lights must be turned on
one-halt hour after sunset.
Precipitation.
Monthly precipitation in inches In the
Capital (current month to date):
Month. 1940. Average. Record.
January _ 2.12 3.55 7.83 '37
February_ 2.77 3.27 6 84 '84
March _ 3.42 3.75 8 84 '91
April _ 6.19 3.27 9.13 '89
May _3.10 3.7(1 10. HH '89
June _ 0.84 4.13 1094 '00
July _ 4.71 10.03 '86
August _ ... 4 01 14.41 '28
September _ 3.24 17.45 '34
October _a.__ 2.84 8.81 '37
November _ 8.37 8 69 '89
December _ 3.32 7.56 '01
Four Hurt in Crash
Involving Three Cars;
Driver Arrested
Seven Other Persons
Injured in Accident
In Takoma Park
A t,raffle mishap involving threa
cars and a pedestrian yesterday sent
four persons to Providence Hospital
and one of the drivers to the fifth
police precinct under a charge of
reckless driving.
The man arrested was John H.
Randolph. 33, colored, 1641 >4 Elev
enth street N.W.
Police said he was driving on New
Jersey avenue S.E. when his ear
was in collision at E street with a
car driven by James L. Walker, 33. of
1412 Manchester lane N.W. The
Walker car was spun into a third ear
heading west. Out of this tangle
bounded a hubcap, which caused a
possible fracture to the leg of a
passer-by. William Robinson, 29,
colored, of 1403 East Capitol street.
Serious internal injuries were suf
fered by Josephine Owens, 27, a
passenger In the Walker car, police
declared. Her address was given
as Fifteenth and L streets N.W. Mr.
Walker suffered possible rib frac
tures and Frazer Walton, 26, colored,
1502 P street NW„ a passenger in
Randolph's car, was treated for
abrasions and contusions.
Seven Hurt in Crash.
Seven other persons received in
juries when two cars collided early
last night at Saratoga and Phila
delphia avenues in Takoma Park,
Md. Flaming gasoline from one of
the automobiles momentarily spread
a sheet of fire across the street.
The occupants of one car were
Mr. and Mrs. William E. Gallagher
of 320 Becker avenue, Silver Spring,
Md. Mr. Gallagher was treated for
cuts and bruises at the Washing
j ton Sanitarium in Takoma Park.
1 Mrs. Gallagher was taken to the
office of a Washington physician
! by a passing motorist and treated
for similar injuries.
Two of the five occupants of the
i other car were admitted to the
1 Montgomery County General Hos
i pital for observation. They are Mrs.
j Emery Patton, 33, Silver Spring, and
Mrs. Dorothy Johnson, 121 Grant
avenue, Takoma Park, both reported
suffering cuts. Others given treat
ment for minor cuts, bruises and
abrasions were Mrs. Marjorie
I Ricketts, 17, Spencerville. Md., and
: John Patton, 4, Silver Spring. A
, fifth occupant, George Neal. 12,
Spencerville, was treated at the
Washington Sanitarium for lacera
tions about the head.
Auto Lands on Porch.
A damaged automobile being
; towed to a repair shop broke free
| and ran over the curb, through a
wire fence and landed on the front
j porch of the home of Mr. and Mrs.
I W. S. Crawford, jr., at 4230 Rhode
' Island avenue, near Mount Rainier,
Md. The car knocked over a pillar
on the porch. No one was injured,
i The car was being towed to Wash
i ington by James L. Jones of 363 N.
| Glebe road. Arlington, Va , employe
| of a local motor company.
Other persons injured during the
! last 24 hours included:
Six-year-old Audrey Lindner, who.
police said, was struck by a hit-run
driver in front of her home, 496 E
street S.W. Her condition at Provi
dence Hospital was said to be not
serious.
James Green. 35, colored, of 109
Sixteenth street S.E., who tumbled
off a coal truck as it rounded a cor
| ner at Eighth and F streets N.E.,
according to police. His head struck
the pavement as he landed. Casualty
Hospital physicians treated him for
head contusions and possible skull
fracture.
James Proudfoot, 25, of 911 Evarts
! street N.E., who was treated at
; Georgetown Hospital for a possible
' pelvis fracture received, police de
l dared, when his motorcycle was in
a collision with a parked car in the
| 2500 block of Wisconsin avenue N.W,
| William E. Mernine. 28, a Mont
gomery County iMd.i resident,
j treated at Georgetown Hospital for
! a possible fracture of ankle and
shoulder after an accident on the
j Rockville pike.
i Sixteen-year-old Charles Raynor
J of 416 F street N.E.. who police said
was riding a bicycle—and was in
collision with a street car at Four
teenth street and New York avenue
N.W. He was treated for head in
juries at Casualty Hospital.
A. C. Parks of Alexandria, Va.,
and Eddie Smith of 2141 K street
N.W., pedestrians, who were struck
by an auto at Reed avenue and
Jefferson Davis highway, Alexan
dria. At Alexandria Hospital It was
said Parks suffered a compound leg
fracture, and Smith received cuts.
rt
States Weather Bureau.)
ntinued cool today; tomorrow fair,
st and west winds.
oler in east portions today; tomorrow
in northwest portion today; tomorrow
by local showers at night.
8*——
lUeord Until 1A P.M. ftatnrday.
^ p-in. Yesterday year
Mo • 8 / .
lowest. 65. 10 am. Yesterday rear
aro. /0.
Reeer4 Temperatures Thla Year.
Highest, 93. on June 2*.
Lowest. 7, on January 29.
Weather In Various Cities.
,—Temperatures— Precip
Max. Min. Sat. ttatton
Sat- Fri. 7:30 7:30 to
urday. nieht. p.m. 7:30
Asheville. N. C_78 05 70 0 10
Atlanta. Ga. __ _ 83 69 79 0 20
Atlantic City. N. J. 81 09 77 O 29
Baltimore. Md._ 88 08 71 1 40
Birmingham. Ala. . 84 69 81 1 10
Bismarck. N. Dak._ 80 44 83
Boston. Mass_ 79 00 74 0 02
Buffalo. N. Y._ 07 58 01 0 04
Cheyenne, Wyo_ 89 43 80
Chicago. 111. 70 53 73
Cincinnati. Ohio_ 73 63 71
Cleveland. Ohio_ 66 58 65 0 14
Davenport. Iowa_ 79 65 76
Denver. Colo. _ 94 69 90
Des Moines. Iowa_ 80 63 79
Detroit. Mich_ 70 66 68
Duluth. Minn_ 74 48 73
EL Paso. Tex- 89 69 74 0T9
Galveston. Tex_ 86 81 83
Helena. Mont.- 92 46 92 III
Huron. S. Dak._ 87 47 86
Indianapolis. Ind._ 73 65 73
Jacksonville. Pla._91 75 84
Kansas City. Mo._ 84 55 84
Little Rock, Ark... 82 68 78 "
Los Anxeles. Calll.. 75 59 72 _ -
Loulsville. Ky._ 75 63 73
Marquette. Mich_71 51 70 0 Of
Memphis. Tenn_ 80 69 78 0.01
Miami. Fla. ..... 89 82 84
Mlnneapolis-St. Paul 76 50 72
Mobile. Ala.___ 88 80 74 0 98
New Orleans. La... 88 77 76 0-7
New York, N. Y\ .. 79 68 70 0 02
North Platte. Nebr. 94 47 93
Omaha. Nebr. _ 86 53 83
Philadelphia. Pa. _. 84 65 70 0 28
Phoenix. Aril._105 75 104
Pittsburgh. Pa_67 60 59 0 "7
Portland. Me._ 74 5.3 71 0 08
Portland. Greg. 85 5o 84
Rapid City, S. Dak. 88 48 88
St. Louis. Mo. 78 58 76 -
Salt Lake City, Utah 97 54 95
an Antonio. Tex._ 76 67 76 *» 60
San Diego. Calif. 72 60 7"
San Francisco, Calif. 64 57 63
Santa Fe. N. Mex._ 69 54 66 o 04
Savannah. Ga- 81 78 7« n oa
Seattle. Wash._ 80 50 80
Springfield. Ill- 79 54 77
Sffife?D7c: St I ?I 2;S*

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