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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, June 30, 1940, Image 6

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■ • I
Pope Urged to Exile
'War Guilty' From
Rites of Church
British Cardinal Reveals
Pressure on Pontiff,
Questions Effect
My the Aseocieted Press.
LONDON, June 29.—A r t h u r
Cardinal Hinsley, Roman Catholic
Archbishop of Westminister, writes
in the preface of a new biography
of Pope Pius XII, “The Pope
Speaks," that “even presumably
well-informed persons have urged
the Pope to excommunicate those
who they have decided are war
guilty.”
"They” appeared in italics.
Without naming specific persons,
the preface says:
“• * * Hopeless would it be to
Imagine in this age of materialism
that spiritual motives, even the
sternest, could have much, if any,
effect on those who, through once
'enlightened.’ have given themselves
over to blindness and hardness of
heart.
“But excommunication is reserved
for very grievous offenses already j
committed with full knowledge and
perfect freedom. Are those whom
the Pope's critics wish to be exiled j
from the church allowed to know
and are they free? If not, the
spiritual penalty is null and void.” j
The words “know” and "free” are
In italics.
The biography was written by !
Charles Rankin and includes cor
respondence of the pontiff with
President Roosevelt and other ma
terial relating to the holy father's
efforts toward peace.
The Catholic Encyclopedia defines
excommunication, literally exclu- I
sion from the communion, as “the
principal and severest censure” i
which “deprives the guilty Christian
of all participation in the common j
blessings of ecclesiastical so- 1
ciety. • * •
“It is also a medicinal rather
than a vindictive penalty, being
intended, not so much to punish
the culprit, as to correct him and
bring him back to the path of
righteousness," says the encyclopedia !
in part.
Senator Fears War
May Force Allied Aid
By the Associated Press.
LITTLE ROCK. Ark., June 29.— !
Senator John E. Miller, Democrat, j
of Arkansas, a member of the Sen
ate Military Affairs Committee, de
clared here today that rapid war
developments in Europe might
'•force" the United States to occupy
“some of the menaced Allied pos- j
sessions In the Western Hemis- '
phere.”
Miller, in a speech prepared for ;
delivery before the annual conven- j
tion of Arkansas postmasters, stress- |
ed the current importance of the
Monroe Doctrine, asserting “it is our
immediate task to be prepared to
fulfill and sustain that policy.”
He went on: “Your Government
Will not take any such military ac
tion unless there is a total collapse
of the Allied forces in the Eastern
Hemisphere, but if there is such a
collapse, specific steps will be taken
to prevent the occupation of any ,
territory in the Western Hemi
sphere by totalitarian forces.”
Professor Uses
'Chutes in Race
For Governor
By th* Associated Pres*.
GURDON, Ark., June 29.—Para
chute jumping was introduced to the
gentle art of politics today by Dr.
Walter Scott McNutt, Arkadelphia
history professor making his second
Independent campaign for Governor
of Arkansas.
The educator, who was a World
War instructor in parachute jump- |
lng for the Army, had his troubles |
though. I
The jump was scheduled for 3
p.m.. but when the candidate ar
rived at the Gurdon Airport he
found somebody had forgotten to
bring a parachute.
While he addressed a crowd of
2.000, friends flew to nearby Hope
and Prescott for ’chutes. Both |
emissaries returned shortly after 5
o'clock, each with a parachute. By
that time Dr. McNutt had concluded
bis speech and the crow'd was getting
restless.
Strapping himself in both 'chutes,
the professor took off and jumped
from an elevation of about 2.000 feet.
He had announced he would try to
descend on the airport.
Instead, he made a bumpy landing
In Fred Wright's cow pasture a mile
away. He had used only one para
chute.
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TOKIO.—WARNS THE WEST—Hachira Arita (above), Japanese Foreign Minister, yesterday
enunciated an Oriental "Monroe Doctrine,” in which he warned the West that Japan intended to
be the “stabilizing force” of a new order in the East. In this photograph he gazes at an auto
graphed picture of Hitler which he received after Japan and Germany had signed an anti-Com
munist pact in 1936. • —A. P. Wirephoto.
Tokio
(Continued From First Page.)
structive world order, and to remedy
the irrationalities and injustices.”
Emergency in Hong Kong.
At Hong Kong Japanese-British
tension was so high that a state of
emergency was proclaimed and
British authorities planned to re
move all women, children and un
needed men from the crown colony
to Manila. This was interpreted to
mean that Britain would reject
Japan's demand that it close the
Burma route which, the Japanese
charge, is carrying arms to the
Chinese.
A Japanese blockade of Hong
Kong or even an invasion was con
sidered possible. The British were
understood to be ready to take
powerful countersteps. American
action for removal of women and
children was expected within a
week.
U. S. Likely to Oppose
Far East 'Monroe Doctrine'
Strong indications were given to
day that the United States had no
intention of concurring in the Jap
anese “Monroe Doctrine” for the
Far East enunciated by Foreign
Minister Arita.
This Government in the past op
posed Japan's plans for a "new or
der in Asia,” and officials indicated
there had been no change in policy
as a result of recent catacylsmic
world events.
A note to Tokio December 31.
1938, stating that past and possible
future “new situations” there were
of concern to the United States re
mains a valid statement of Ameri
can policy, it was said today.
The United States does not admit,
the note said, that “there is need or
want for any one power to take
upon itself to prescribe what shall
be the terms and conditions of a
‘new order’ in areas not under its
sovereignty and to constitute itself
the repository of authority and the
agent of destiny in regard thereto.”
Secretary Hull has issued state
ments recently favoring mainte
nance of the present status of the
Netherlands Indies.
In repeated communications to
Tokio the United States has re
minded that Japan, along with the
United States and European pow
ers, is signatory to treaties pledg
ing respect for rights of all con
cerned in the Orient.
Japan is trying to increase eco
nomic co-operation with Manchuria.
Randolph Odell Gets
Virginia Park Post
By the Associated Press.
RICHMOND, Va„ June 29.—Ran
dolph Odell now is director of th(
parks division of the Virginia Con
servation Commission.
His promotion from acting direc
tor to the place of director was an
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nounced today by Conservation
Commission Chairman Clarence
Smith. Mr. Odell has handled the
director’s work since R. E. Burson
left that office in 1939.
Announced at the same time was
the appointment of Wilson Harris
of Petersburg as assistant parks
director.
I
Japan-U. S. Friendship
Predicted by Envoys
At World's Fair Fete
Ambassador Horinouchi
Says Troubles Will
Not Lead to Conflict
By the Associated Press.
NEW YORK, June 29—Two Jap
anese diplomats today declared that
improved understanding of the “po
sition and aspirations" of the United
States and Japan by the peoples
of the two countries would preserve
their “traditional friendship.”
The two—Kensuke Horinouchi,
Japanese Ambassador to the United
States, and Kaname Wakasugi,
consul general in New York—spoke
at Japan day ceremonies at the
New York World's Fair marking
the 2,600th anniversary of the
Japanese Empire.
“I know that at times there are
disagreements between our two
countries,” said Horinouchi. “Once
in a while we even hear predictions
that these differences of opinion
may result in conflict.
“Such predictions are superficial
and short-sighted. The troubles of
today will be regarded in a different
light before another generation takes
up the labors and duties of life.”
Wakasugi said that "America and
Japan, as guardians in the Pacific,
have the grave responsibility of pre
venting the conflagration now
sweeping Europe from spreadirfg to
the respective spheres in which each
nation is playing a vital role as a
stabilizing force.
“Enduring peace and freedom can i
hardly be attained unless interna
tional justice is firmly established
among nations. And, international
justice can only be realized when 1
each nation understands and re
spects the position and aspirations
of other nations.”
France still has more than 3,500
motion picture theaters.
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1 J i
F. C. C. Will Establish
100 Detector Stations
To Fight Subversion
Fund of $T,600,000
Utilized to Catch
Unlawful on Air
By WILLIAM J. WHEATLEY.
Alarmed at reports of increasing
use of unlicensed radio stations for
subversive communications, the Fed
eral Communications Commission
has mvoed swiftly to set up the most
complete radio surveillance network
ever established in this country.
Using the fund of $1,600,000 allo
cated Tuesday by President Roose
velt from his lump sum for defense
purposes, the F. C. C’. yesterday had
completed orders for apparatus to
set up 100 detector stations in the
United States and its possessions.
The surveillance will be set up
within 60 days, according to Lt. E.1
K. Jett, F. C. C. chief engineer. In
addition to necessary apparatus, lo
cations for stations and operating
personnel must be obtained. In most
cases, it was said, the stations
will be established in governmental
buildings throughout the country.
500 New Employes Added.
The Civil Service Commission has
been asked for 500 technical em
ployes, inpluding radio operators and
engineers, and by the close of bus
iness yesterday 200 had been en
gaged. Enough personnel will be
required to operate the stations on
a 24-hour basis.
Every day, it was said, brings an
increased number of reports to the
F. C. C. of signals going through the
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air from unlicensed sources. These
reports come in from amateurs and
others, as well as from- the present
eight monitoring stations through
out the country. The monitoring
stations were designed originally to
see that stations stayed on their as
signed frequencies, but the increase
in subversive activities has nesessi
tated them abandoning this work for
the detection duty. Even radio dis
trict offices have been forced to
abandon a large part of their routine
inspection work to assist in checking
the transmision of information by
so-called fifth columnists.
In addition co the 100 fixed sta
tions to be added to the commis
sion’s detection system, each sta
tion will have a radio detection
truck, which will have both listen
ing apparatus and a complete trans
mitter for the purpose of locating
offenders by triangulation, working
with other stations in the net. These
mobile stations will be able to run
down a strange signal to its im
mediate location. The trucks also!
will be equipped with recording ap
paratus.
To Record Broadcasts,
It is the commission’s plan, it was
I learned, to make recordings of all
foreign language broadcasts, both
over standard broadcast stations
and of broadcast propaganda beamed
into the United States.
As the commission is merely the
policing agency of the air, it will
develop any evidence it collects and
turn it over to the Federal Bureau
of Investigation. A number of cases,
it was indicated, already have been
called to the attention of the F. B. I.
and Justice Department prosecu
tions are expected to be started soon.
The plans for the radio detection
net call for establishment at stra
tegic points of eight primary direc
tion finder stations, with the
most sensitive apparatus available.
Through the medium of obtaining
bearings on signals, the commis
sion's operators will be able to •‘fix’’
accurately the sending point of a
radio signal which has no right on
the air.
Big Scrap Metal Cargo
SAN PEDRO, Calif., June 23 l/P).
—One of the largest cargoes of scrap
metal, 8.500 tons, ever shipped from
this port was taken out today for
Javan by the Swedish motorliner
Mirrabooka. A Japanese firm char
tered the vessel.
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