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l. Fair, continued cool; lowest about 60 'Frnm Pra» tonight; tomorrow fair, slightly warm- rrum rress TO nOITie er. but with some cloudiness. Tempera- • ' ^ Within tha U... ' tures today—Highest, 78, at 2 p.m.; 1 ■ TT,,nm ‘ne nOUT lowest, o8, at 5:10 a.m. I Most peopie in Washington have The From the ‘"Z** wj»«'erA"J,„r“u renort- * ■ Star delivered to their homes every __ '_evening and Sunday morning Closing N. Y. Markets—Sales. Page 16. MORNING EDITION i -—— — ■ - --------- W*) Means Associated Press. 88th YEAR. No. 35,129.___WASHINGTON, D. ' C., FRIDAY, JULY 5, 1940—THIRTY-TWO PAGES. **** ’ THREE~CENTS~ Any Compromise With Dictators Imperils Peace, Roosevelt Warns; French Sever Ties With Britain Sees Too Many in • U. S. Leaning to Appeasement By JOHN C, HENRY, Star Staff Correspondent. HYDE PARK, N. Y„ July 5.— President Roosevelt warned America today against any ap peasement or compromise with the world’s totalitarian states. Speaking gravely at a press conference in the new Roosevelt Library on his family estate, the £hief Executive asserted that too many Americans already are thinking in terms of compromise or acquiescence as an exchange for the relative efficiency of the corporate states. Actually, he said, world peace and » stability can be founded only on five broad principles of the democratic way of life. He enumerated them as i follows: 1. Freedom of information—the press, forms of communication, edu cational facilities, etc. Only through these, he explained, can the world's peoples know what is being done or what should be done. 2. Freedom of religion. Vitally es sential to peaceful living, this has been maintained fairly well in the democracies, Mr. Roosevelt said, but is not being observed today in the corporate states. Freedom of Expression. 3. Freedom of expression—except to the extreme of preaching over throw of government by force. 4. Freedom from fear. More pre cisely, he declared, this means world disarmament, by which would be re moved threats of attack and aggres sion. 5. Freedom from want—the re moval of barriers for free exchanges of commerce and culture. Bluntly, as he spoke in obvious distaste for their principles of gov ernment, Mr. Roosevelt named Ger many, Italy and Russia as exam ples of the corporate state. According these states only the single virtue of efficiency, the Chief Executive remarked several times on the existence of tangible com promise sentiment in this country. He made it thoroughly clear that he considered such an attitude dan gerous and unwholesome. Still Holds Hope. Mr. Roosevelt’s informal discus sion of world philosophies was j touched off by the question of whether he had surrendered hopes for his long-range peace objec- \ tives. voiced at various times. Re marking that he had not, he then dipped deeply into his personal feel ings about the state of things. Laying the groundwork, he spoke first of the growth of new sys tems of government to a point Where they control or threaten to control very large portions of the world’s population. These systems, all grouped loosely into the cate gory of corporate states, deny cer tain fundamental liberties which the American people were the first to seek and to establish. Actually, he said, a government embracing these liberties and safe guarding them through the bal ances of executive, legislative and judicial arms, is almost an Ameri can invention, dated 1776. Since then, he went on, others have cop ied the broad form of this type of government, but today most of these others have been ended by conquest. In their place has appeared the corporate state, lacking the legis lative and judicial safeguards of democracy, and substituting, what some consider, a greater efficiency in operation. In such States, he continued, there is no need for com promise in the creation or execu tion of laws—no time lag such as exists here where there must be a reconciliation of all three arms of Government before an action is final. Question Before People. Unfortunately, he continued, there are many Americans either by words or by silence who are playing into the hands of those would would sur render the democratic privileges in return for corporate efficiency. Leaving no doubt of his own feeling, the President asserted that the question is definitely before the American people as to whether (See ROOSEVELT, Page A-4.) — British Say Indo-China 'Status Quo' is Being Kept By the Associated Press. SINGAPORE, July 5.—An official British communique said today the “status quo” is being maintained by both British and French authorities regarding French Indo-China and French naval forces in this area. SHANGHAI, July 5 (^.—Amer ican Red Cross relief supplies des tined for China have been held up in Indo-China because of French re striction of railway traffic into Southwest China, the Chinese Red Cross at Chungking declared today in a wire to the American Red Cross Committee here. The Chinese asked American help to effect release of the goods. The American Committee is trying to confirm whether any shipments thus held up are from the American Red Cross. Under a French agreement with Japan to halt movement of military supplies through Indo-China to the Chinese forces, Japanese are super vising rail traffic on the Indo-Chi nese route to China. ;---—-i French Liner Bearing Daladier, Delbos and Mandel Is Missing 15,363-Ton Massilia Unreported Since Leaving Bordeaux on June 16 By the Associated Press. LONDON, July 5.—The German controlled Brussels radio in a broad cast heard here reported today that the 15.363-ton French liner Massila, which left Bordeaux June 16 with former French Premier Edouard Daladier abroad, was overdue and missing. The broadcast said former French Minister of Education Delbos and former Minister of the Interior Mandel also were aboard the ship. The report added that they left France intending to continue French resistance against Germany in con junction with former Premier Rey naud, that the ship sought unsuc cessfully to enter several ports and last was heard from “still at sea” several days ago. The newspaper Petit Dauphinois at Grenoble, France, reported on July 2 that the Massilia had headed for Morocco bearing M. Daladier, his son Jean, Mandel. Delbos, a i number of undersecretaries and I prominent members of Parliament, including Josef Denais and M. de la Grondiere. Petit Dauphinois said then that Gen. Nogues, resident-general of Morocco, prevented the Massilia from landing at Casablanca and that the liner later was stopped at sea after it had been “practically missing' for almost a week and ordered to return to a French port. No French Warships At Alexandria to Go To Foe, British Vow Situation Is Described As 'In Abeyance,' With Decision Awaited Third of French Fleet Is in British Ports, Little in Alexandria By the Associated Press. LONDON. July 5.—The por tion of the French fleet in Alex andria Harbor is comparatively jmall, a usually reliable source said today. The disposition of the French fleet at the beginning of the week was reported approxi mately this: One third in British ports. One third at Oran. One sixth at Casablanca. One sixth at Alexandria. By the Associated Press. ALEXANDRIA. July 5.—British sources here today described the situation of the French fleet at Alexandria as "in abeyance" and said: “We do not know what will hap pen or when the French will make a decision. We only know that no French ship shall ever leave Alex andria to surrender to the enemy." Naval sources emphasized the French are “deeply affected" by the fighting between the French and English warships yesterday at Oran and Mers El-Kebir. but the British declared they had the situation here “well in hand.” British naval circles expressed re gret over the action taken against the French at Oran and the hope that no such incident would occur here. Yesterday both Britain and French ships here blazed away in unison at raiding Italian planes. French commanders here have been advised formally by the British that “they cannot- leave the harbor to fall into the power of the German conquerors of France.” Facilities for War Offered. The British said the London Admiralty had offered “fullest facilities to all French officers and men at Alexandria who wish to con tinue the war.” This was interpreted here to mean that the French automatically would receive pay equal to British seamen if they continue to fight. British naval sources declined to say whether French Vice Admiral Godfroy. commanding the units at Alexandria, had been given any defi nite time to make his decision. It was understood the alternatives to fighting with the British were the same as those handed the French at Mers El-Kebir. Usually well-informed sources, meantime, declared that the ma jority of the French officers end seamen want to fight on with Great Britain against Italy and Germany. It was understood the British are not pressing the French for a de cision at present, confident that whatever happens no French war (See-ALEXANDRIA. Page A-4.) British Comb Seas For Remainder ol French Warships Petain Envoy in London Protests Attack on Mediterranean Fleet Py thf Associated Press. LONDON. July 5.—Besieged Brit a in and vanquished France came to I the parting of diplomatic ways to day, according to indirect word from the Petain government, while the British Navy combed world seas for French warships to consolidate con j trol over the bulk of the French fleet. The Petain regime was reported to have broken off relations because of the British move against the French ; Navy, but the British still were not i officially notified. | The French Charge d'Affaires in London protested to the Foreign Office over the British action against . the French fleet in the Mediter ranean. The protest was submitted : on behalf of the Petain government by Roger Cambon, who has been in charge of the Embassy since Am bassador Charles Corbin resigned 1 last w'eek. British Deny Break. British authorities said the fact that Cambon called at the Foreign Office in his official capacity to sub I mit the protest showed that up to | that time at least diplomatic rela t tions continued between the French | and British governments. The French Embassy said the pro test was “as drastic and as stern a protest as it is possible to make.” Meanwhile, from Istanbul, the German radio reported clashes had occurred between French and Brit ish troops at several points on the Syria-Palestine border. The broad cast said the incidents were caused by attempts of Polish and other foreign detachments to leave French and join British forces in Syria. Air Attacks Fought. At home on this island base facing a Hitler-dominated Europe, the British fought against new German air attacks, now daily routine, while in Africa the Royal Air Force, naval units and border garrisons in the desert wastelands continued the as yet indecisive struggle against Italy. It was announced that 11 civilians were killed in yesterday’s raid against England's Portland naval base, when more than a score of (See LONDON, Page A-5.) John Roosevelts' Guard Is Called 'Routine' By the Associated Press. NAHANT, Mass., July 5.—Police Chief Benjamin Lamphier described as “routine procedure” today the guarding by Secret Service men of the home of Mr. and Mrs. John noosevelt and their month-old son. Declaring he knew of no threat against the family, Chief Lamphier pointed out that a similar guard was on duty at the home of James Roosevelt, John's older brother, when he maintained a seaside home in New Hampshire. John, the President's youngest son, declined comment. The guard has been maintained for the past three weeks. Summary of Today's Star Page. Amusements, A-12-13 Comics _ B-12-13 Editorials .. A-8 Finance_A-15 Lost, Found. B-8 Obituary ...A-10 Page. Radio.B-12 Serial Story A-17 Society _B-3 Sports _B-5-8 Woman's Page._B-9 Foreign British comb seas for remainder of French fleet. Page A-l No French ships at Alexandria to surrender, British vow. Page A-l French break off relations with Eng land. Page A-l Liner carrying Daladier is reported missing. Page A-l Soviet may demand full control of Rumanian bridgeheads. Page A-3 Italy reports taking Kassalla, stra tegic Sudan post. Page A-3 Soviet reported moving mechanized forces into Bessarabia. Page A-3 Defense not directed against Nazis, Communist paper says. Page A-14 National. Radicals arrested after bomb kills two detectives at Fair. Page A-l Compulsory training cost set at $1,200,000,000 yearly. Page A-l Third-term “draft" indications rise as chiefs map plans. Page A-2 U. S. acts to remove Americans from Hong Kong area. Page A-3 Townsendites advised to shun third party movement. Page A-4 Washington and Vicinity Postponed fireworks display set for tonight. Page B-l Editorial and Comment This and That. Page A-8 Answers to Questions. Page A-8 Letters to The Star. Page A-8 David Lawrence. Page A-9 Alsop and Kintner. Page A-9 Frederic William Wile. Page A-9 Constantine Brown. Page A-9 Charles G. Ross. Page A-9 Miscellany Bedtime Story. Page B-12 Letter-Out. Page B-12 Winning Contract. Page B-12 Uncle Ray’s Corner. Page B-13 Cross-Word Puzzle. Page B-1S Nature's Children. Page B-14 A I — Cabinet Holds Fleet Attack Unjustifiable By the Associated Press. GENEVA, July 5.—The French cabinet decided yesterday to break off diplomatic relations with England, Le Petit Dau phinois of Grenoble announced this morning in a special dis patch from Vichy. (The German government • was notified officially this mbrning by the French gov ernment of the severance of diplomatic relations, a dis patch from Berlin said.) The decision was taker, because of the British fleet's “unjustifiable ag gression" against the French fleet at Mers El-Kebir, the officially ap proved dispatch said The French diplomatic repre sentative at London adhering to the Petain government will be re called immediately, it added, i The regular French Ambassa dor at London was Charles Cor bin, but on June 26 he was reported to have resigned. The phrase "diplomatic representa tive adhering to the Petain gov ernment" was used to distinguish the Petain government from the French National Committee set up in London by Gen. Charles de Gaulle, who on June 28 was recognized bv the British gov ernment as leader of “all free Frenchmen.") Arms Stocks Explode. In a dispatch from Lyon. Petit Dauphinos reported the explosion of large munitions stocks in the Rhone River Valley city yesterday. The paper said the "intense heat i of the day” was the official explana ! tion for the blast. Another Lyon dispatch said Ger man troops occupying the city now plan to remain there several thou sand strong until July 9. Lyon is j south of the line of occupation estab lished by the German-French Arm istice Commission. From Vichy, present seat of the French government, Petit Dauphi nois reported that Gen. Maxime Weygand, who was generallissimo of i the Allied armies, still is at Vichy, ' and that Vice Premier Pierre Laval ! had gained approval of 50 senators 1 for his outline of a new French con | stitution. Ship Losses confirmed. A French Admiralty communique published in the press of territory not occupied by the Germans stated that the French battleship Bretagne was blown up. and the battleships Dunkerque and Provence and the flotilla leader Mogador set on fire during the battle with the English fleet yesterday at Mers El-Kebir. (The Berlin radio quoted the French radio service as saying that the French Ministry of Propaganda, in a statement “des tined above all for America'’ called the British action against the French fleet “an act of ag gression without precedent in world history. ("* * * Mr. Churchill * • * al lowed French politicians who did not share the sufferings of their country to establish themselves in London and he permitted that London was made a hot bed of meanest intrigues against the government of Marshal Petain.’’ (The broadcast also said French Foreign Minister Baudouin told foreign press representatives that “France had been betrayed by England militarily as well as politically” in the war.) The admiralty communique, which agreed generally with the facts given the British House of Commons yes terday by Prime Minister Churchill, added that the six-hour ultimatum did not give the French fleet time to weigh anchor before the British opened fire. “Vice Armiral Gensoul replied (to the British ultimatum) there could not be a question of the French fleet joining the British fleet or being scuttled, and that he would meet force with force,” the communique said. “Gensoul added that the first fire from the British fleet would have the practical effect of putting the entire French fleet against Britain —a consequence which he knew Britain did not desire.” France, the communique declared, “indeed would netfer have consid ered delivering to any power a fleet which had not been conquered.” Official French assurances of this, (See GENEVA, Page A-5.) — British Broke Code, Nazis Say of Prison Ship Deaths By the Associated Press. BERLIN, July 5.—An authoritative German statement said today that Britain “irresponsibly broke her obligations under international law” when she loaded German and Italian captives aboard the liner Arandora Star and sent the ship through a “dangerous war zone” en route to Canada. The 15,501-ton liner was sunk Tuesday off Ireland with about 1,000 persons missing. The German high command said a German submarine sank her. The German statement said the Arandora Star was torpedoed in an area recognized by the United States as dangerous. (Apparently this re ferred to the barring of American shipping from that zone under the Neutrality Act.) It declared bellig erents were obliged to keep war prisoners and interned persons out of war zones and not to expose them to hazards. /wcvc Waited^ (This LONq-NO NEED To do anything k ^ \ Tut NEXT WEEK !,/j Another Cose of Governmental Red Tape! 75 Radicals Seized After Bomb Kills Two At New York Fair Five Are Hurt in Plot To Blow Up British Pavilion at Exposition By the Associated Press. NEW YORK. July 5 —All known radicals in the metropolitan area were rounded up today as police made an unprecedented effort to track those responsible for a bomb explosion which killed two detec tives and injured five other persons at the World’s Fair. Stirred into drastic action by New York City's third bombing in two weeks. Police Commissioner Lewis J. Valentine ordered his entire depart ment to concentrate on the case. Suspects Grilled. Throughout the night and this morning, at least 75 persons were taken to headquarters for question ing. Most of them had been listed by police previously because of public utterances indicating they were not in sympathy with the democratic form of government. All were asked about their activities during the past week, particularly on Wednesday and yesterday. Most were released promptly after the checkup. Commissioner Valentine said the bomb had been loaded with pieces of wire spring, nails and other metal fragments. A 10-penny nail, he said, was found in a piece of flesh of one of the detectives that was blown 400 feet away. A piece of wire spring was pulled out of the cheek of John J. McLaughlin, chief of the fair de tectives. who was standing by as the bomb exploded. The bodies of the two victims were so filled with metal fragments which might be vital in the investigation, Mr Valentine said, that the X-ray may be used to locate all of them. Second Warning Given. The commissioner disclosed that the same day last week on which some one telephoned a mysterious bomb warning to the British pavil ion. the adjacent Italian pavilion had received a post card warning that there would be an explosion on its premises. While the search to track down those responsible for planting the bomb was continuing, the Detectives Endowment Association offered a $1,000 reward for the arrest and conviction of the guilty person or persons. Protesting agitators were hauled down from soap boxes in Columbus circle, the “Red rendezvous,” and rushed unceremoniously to police headquarters. Others were seized in downtown haunts; still others were routed from bed. Mayor Piorello H. La Guardia de clared, “there will be a most thor ough investigation, and there won’t be any letup.” Two of those injured were in crit ical condition today. warned by Phone Call. The bomb, a flame-thrower and disguised as a portable radio, was intended to destroy the British Pa vilion. Put on the alert by a mys terious telephone call Tuesday that “the place is going to be blown up,” a pavilion employe noticed the small bag in the fan room yesterday after noon, took it to a deserted spot about 150 yards from the Polish Pavilion and notified authorities. An hour and a half later, the bomb exploded as members of the police bomb squad pryed coutiously into the bag. The blast was so terrific that hats, strips of clothing and fragments of bodies were hurled through the air over a 50-foot radius. It dug a hole 5 feet wide and 4 feet deep, broke windows in the Polish Pavilion, stripped a maple tree of its leaves (See BOMBING, Page A-3.) Two Border Inspectors Found Slain in Auto By the Associated Press. EAGLE PASS, Tex., July 5.—C. T. Boulware and Horace Ryman, United States border customs in spectors, were feund slain last night in an automobile 3 miles from here. Boulware, the driver, had beqn shot five times. Ryman was shot once in the center of the chest. Sheriff Herman Lehmann of Maverick County said he had ob tained statements from several per sons that the two patrolmen engaged In an argument at an inn during the day, / Gibraltar Attacked Without Success In First Air Raids i By the Associated Press. GIBRALTAR, July 5—Air planes attacked Gibraltar three times without success today in the first air raids of the war on this British naval stronghold. The raids started in the early hours. Searchlights w’ent into action. Several bombs were dropped, but all fell into the sea, and there were no casual ties and no damage. In the third raid a plane was seen at tempting to make a dive bombing attack, but was driven ftff bv shore batteries. * Compulsory Training Seen Likely to Cost 1.2 Billion Yearly Col. J. 0. Adler Tells Senators Expense Will Be $400 to $600 Per Man By the Associated Press. Senator Johnson. Democrat, of Colorado told the Senate Military Affairs Committee toaay that com pulsory military training in this country would cost about $1,200,000, 000 a year. His estimate was based on testi mony of Col. Julius Ochs Adler, gen eral manager of the New York Times and publisher of tne Chattanooga j (Tenn.i Times, that it would cost be ; tween $400 and $600 per man. Col. Adler, a World War veteran and Army Reserve Officer, urged con gressional approval oi the compul sory training measure introduced by Senator Burke. Democrat, of Ne braska and Representative Wads worth, Republican, ot New York. It proposed registration of all males between 18 and 65 years, with imme ; diate active training foi eight months of men between 21 and 31 years on a selective basis. “No Hardship" on Men. Col. Adler said that there were 13.000.000 men between 21 and 31 and that several millions oi these had no dependents. Compulsory training for eight months, ne adaed would "work no hardship upon them’ even though they received only $5 a month pay as proposed in the bill. If later it became necessary to train men who have wives, children and homes to maintain, Col. Adler said, Congress could pass legislation to meet these situations. Senator Johnson raised the ques tion of costs and based his $1,200, 000,000 estimate on annual training for 2,000,000 men at $600 apiece. Adequacy Questioned. “If we needed those men in a rush the cost would be muih greater than that,” Senator Schwartz, Dem ocrat, of Wyoming put in. Senator Downey, Democrat, of California questioned whether the proposed eight months of intensive training would be sufficient in view oi the complicated mechanized weapons” of modern warfare. Col. Adler said he thought men could be trained to be “fairly good soldiers” in eight months, adding that officers would require much longer to master technical efficiency in new weapons. A lively discussion broke out when Senator Downey, urging a “profes sional, hard-hitting Army,” with pay high enough to attract “the cream (See TRAINING, Page A-3.) Military Calisthenics Added to C. C. C. Program By the Associated Press. The Civilian Conservation Corps adopted military calisthenics today as a supplement to its health pro gram for enrollees. James J. McEntee, C. C. C. di rector, said the corps had worked out a “setting-up” routine which deviated from that of the Army only in that rifles would not be used. He instructed camp commanders to hold a 15-minute exercise period each morning before breakfast. Heretofore setting-up exercises has been voluntary for each camp and most camps did not include them in the day’s schedule. Mr. McEntee said the War De partment had approved the C. C. C. routine. It was adopted, he said, as part of the National Defense Program. , i New Soviet Demands On Rumania Expected; Gigurtu lakes Reins Reds Believed Seeking Control of Prut and Danube Bridgeheads By the Associated Press. BUCHAREST, July 5—Rumors that new Soviet demands on Ru mania may be forthcoming circu lated in the capital today as the new government of Premier Ion Gigurtu went into action to straighten out troubled internal conditions, against 1 which the Kremlin is said to be pro testing. Although without confirmation, reports persisted that Russia was asking for full control of the bridge heads over the Prut River and at Reni on the Danube, j The Rumanian people, mean j while, appeared to be accepting the ■ change in government to Gigurtu's ; pro-axis cabinet calmly, although full reports were lacking. n was assumed me new govern ment was planning stern measures, but it n*as believed such measures would be put into effect gradually to avoid too much violence and blood shed, especially in anti-Semitic moves. New Time Limit for British. The Gigurtu government set a new 24-hour time limit today for de parture of British oilmen. British sources said the new order applied to 30 field executives. American authorities here later formally requested the Rumanian government to grant an extension for three of the 30. It was brought to the government's attention that two large American corporations would be directly affetfted by the expulsion of these three men. At the same time it was reliably learned that British citizens in Ru mania are taking steps to liquidate their business interests of all kinds, in anticipation of further measures against them. The British Legation last night won a temporary suspension against the first such order, but said its protest against today's ruling had been unavailing. One British official said: "This begins to look more and more like the first step toward na tionalization of the oil fields and in dustry.” British sources said loss of these 30 men, the majority of whom are experts who cannot readily be re placed, would be a "serious blow" to British oil interests. It still was not clear what actual charge or com plaint had been made against the men. French oil interests are not af fected so far. Seven others are said also to be leaving. Those forced to go had to leave their homes, possessions and supplies on short notice. Rumania, once a close friend of France, became today the first coun try in Southeastern Europe to switch completely to the side of Germany and Italy. Pledged to Axis Powers. The new government of Premier Gigurtu immediately pledged itself to follow the Axis powers. Rumania thus strode much further along the Axis path than Hungary, long sym pathetic to Germany, or Yugoslavia, which has been making gestures of friendship. The Gigurtu government declared it not only was being realistic in adapting its foreign policy “to the system created by the Rome-Berlin Axis” but also would adhere to Nazi-Fascist ideology because of the convictions and “biological princi ples” of the cabinet members. A cabinet communique issued after its first meeting last night indicated the government’s social ideology would include anti-Semitism. This was expected, since most of the cab inet members either are connected with the long outlawed pro-Nazi Iron Guard or are known to be anti Semitic. Program Outlined. The program as outlined in the communique included: 1. Honest adaptation to the sys tems created by the Rome-Berlin axis. 2. Maintenance of good relations with Rumania’s neighbors, with the aim of keeping peace in Southeast ern Europe. 3. Strengthening of national de fenses. 4. Recognition of labor as the (See BUCHAREST, Page A-3.) Hull Again Tells Nazis to Stay Out Of New World Secretary Answers • German Challenge To Monroe Doctrine By GARNETT D. HORNER. Secretary of State Hull answered a German challenge of the Monroe Doctrine with a vigorous new warn ing today that the United States would not acquiesce in the transfer of any territory in this hemisphere to a non-American power. Mr. Hull also emphasized that this Government would continue co operating with like-minded nations whenever “practicable and in its own interests” for the purpose of "ad vansing the cause of international law and order.” In his statement on a German note challenging validity of this. Government's interpretations of the' Monroe Doctrine, Secretary Hull took occasion to point out tjjat the doctrine does not resemble Japan's proclamation of a so-called Monroe Doctrine for Asia. He referred to policies arising in other parts of the world “which are alleged to be similar to the Monroe Doctrine.” but which really are only "the pretext for carrying out con quest by the sword.” Discrimination Protested. Mr. Hull's statement was made at his press conference in referenca to a note received from the German Foreign Office on July 1 in reply to the United States' note of June 18, informing Germany that this coun try would not recognize any trans fer of a geographical region of the Western Hemisphere from one non American pow’er "and that it would not acquiesce in any attempt to undertake such transfer.” The German note said the Reich could not see why a communication was addressed to it because it has no territorial possessions in this hemisphere "and has given no oc casion whatever for the assumption that it intends to acquire such pos sessions.” “The German Minister of For eign Affairs continues by remark ing that in this case." Secretary Hull said, “the interpretation of the Monroe doctrine, implicit in the communication of the Government of the United States, would amount to conferring upon some European countries the right to possess ter ritories in the Western Hemisphere and not to other countries. "He states that it is obvious that such an interpretation would be un tenable. No U. S. Answer Planned. “He concludes by remarking that apart from this the Reich govern ment would like to point again on this occasion that the non-interven tion in the affairs of the American continent by European nations wrhich is demanded by the Monroe Doctrine can. in principle, be legally valid only on condition that the American nations for their part do not interfere in the affairs of the European continent.” Mr. Hull said he felt that no useful purpose would be served for him to make a formal answer to the German note, but he proceeded to reaffirm principles of the Monroe Doctrine in a statement to his press conference. Describing the Monroe Doctrine as “solely a policy of self-defense" designed to “prevent aggression in this hemisphere on the part of any non-American power." the Secretary emphasized that it "made clear that the future transfer of existing pos sessions (of one non-American power) to another non-American state would be inimical to the in terests of this hemisphere.” In regard to the German conten tion that validity of the doctrine depended on non-interference in European affairs by American na tions, Mr. Hull said: “The Government of the United States pursues a policy of non-par ticipation and of non-involvement in the purely political affairs of Eu rope. Co-operation for Law and Order “It will, however, continue to co operate, as it has co-operated in the past, with all other nations, when ever the policies of such nations make it possible and whenever it believes that such efforts are prac ticable and in its own best inter ests, for the purpose of promoting economic, commercial and social re habilitation, and of advancing the cause of international law and or der, of which the entire world stands so tragically in need today.” Pointing out that the Monroe Doctrine has become a basic policy of the United States, Mr. Hull em pnasizeo mat as already stated in the communication addressed to the German government by this Gov ernment under date of June 18, the Government of the United States will neither recognize nor acquiesce in the transfer to a non-American power of geographical regions in this hemisphere now possessed by some other non-American power.” This obviously was intended as a warning to Germany not to attempt (See HULL, Page A-2.) Belgian King Issues Appeal for Red Cross BRUSSELS, July 5 (&).—King Leopold III of Belgium today broke his silence of several weeks to ap peal to Belgians able to do so to contribute to the Red Cross for the relief of their countrymen trying to return to homes they left at the beginning of the war. The King emphasized he spoke not as a monarch but as one Belgian to his compatriots. It was made clear there was nothing official in the appeal. Virtually a recluse at Laeken Castle, the young King performs none of the functions of his throne and the official seal does not appear on such few documents as come from his hands. His status since his surrender to the Germans has been virtually that of voluntary prisoner of war.