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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, July 06, 1940, Image 1

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„ Weather Forecast An Evening Newspaper
Pair and slightly warmer tonight; to* ....... _ ,
morrow increasing cloudiness; Monday With the rllll Doy S News
showers. Temperatures today—Highest, LOCAL—NATIONAL—FOREIGN
79, at 1 p.m.; lowest, 58, at 5 a.m. Associated Press and (A5) Wirephotos. North
From the United states Weather Bureau report. American Newspaper Alliance. Chicago
Full details on Page A-2. Dally News Foreign Service and The 8tar a
■ 1 .. Siall Writers, Reporters and Photographers.
_Closing N. Y, Morkets—Soles, Poge 10._ M„„, AlMcl.lt„ rreM
88th YEAR. No. 35,130._WASHINGTON, D. C., SATURDAY, JULY 6, 1940 —THIRTY PAGES. ** THREE CENTS.
FrenchWarships
Fleeing British
Reach Toulon
J Battleship and Five
Cruisers Among
Vessels Now Safe
By the Associated Press.
GRENOBLE. France, July 6.—A
large battleship and a number of
other French warships which es
caped from the British in the battle
of Oran were reported to have ar
rived at Toulon today.
Word came, however, of the sink
ing of two other French vessels.
The newspaper Le Petit Dauph
lnols of Grenoble reported the
26.500-ton battleship Strasbourg,
five 7.000-ton cruisers of the George
Leygues class and a number of de
stroyers, submarines and gunboats
arrived at the French naval base.
The Strasbourg was said to have
been damaged only slightly.
Prime Minister Winston Churchill,
In his report to the House of Com
mons on the British action, said a
ship of the Strasbourg class “was
pursued by aircraft of the fleet air
arm and hit by at least one tor
- pedo. * • * She will, at any rate, be
out of action for many months to
come.”
Plane Carrier Declared Safe.
The Petit Dauphinois dispatch
quoted naval authorities at Toulon
as denying British Admiralty re
ports that the French seaplane
carrier Commandant Teste was at
Mers El-Kebir when the British at
tacked. They said the ship was
safe “in some French port.”
The French Naval Ministry' an
nounced the gunboat Rigault de
Genouilly was torpedoed without
warning off Algiers by an unidenti
fied submarine yesterday afternoon.
The fate of the crew was not ascer
tained.
The 1,378-ton destroyer Frondeur
was attacked and sunk by two Brit
ish cruisers after a two-hour battle
off the Island of Crete in the Med
iterranean, the French Navy Min
istry' announced.
(The German wireless said the
crew of 140 was rescued after
three days. The date the Fron
deur was sunk was not given,
but it was reported to have been
en route to a French port in
execution of the terms of the
armistice with Germany and
Italy.)
The British vessels opened fire
on the Frondeur upon refusal of
the Frenchmen to surrender, the
Navy Ministry communique said.
The dispatch said that after the
battle some members of the French
crew were left drifting in life boats
and were picked up by a Greek
steamer later.
From Vichy, the French naval
ministry announced that it had ad
vised Germany and Italy that
France's naval bases in the Medi
terranean would not be disarmed
for the present, in order that the
remainder of the French fleet could
be defended against attack.
Le Petit Dauphinois said the an
nouncement referred to the main
French bases at Toulon, Bizerte,
Ajaccio. Oran and Mers El-Kebir,
which were to have been disarmed
under the armistice terms. The
newspaper said the French idea was
agreed to by Germany, and the
decision was left to Italy, along with
all other matters pertaining to the
Mediterranean.
French Minister of the Interior
Adrien Marquet has issued an order
prohibiting all foreigners from en
tering France unless approved by a
special committee in his department,
Petit Dauphinois reported in an
other dispatch from Vichy, present
seat of the government.
France Is Released
From Armistice Clauses
VICHY, France, July 6 (JP).—Italy
has joined Germany in releasing
France temporarily from the obli
gation to carry out the armistice
disarmament clauses concerning air
and naval forces in the Mediter
ranean, official sources said today.
It was added that a telegram from
Italy offering such a release and a
wire from France asking it had
crossed in transit.
Meanwhile, a government spokes
man said he would ask the presi
dents of the Senate and Chamber
of Deputies to postpone until Tues
day a scheduled assembly to dis
cuss a new constitution.
The Naval Minister issued an or
der forbidding French officers to
wear British decorations.
D. C. Couple Killed
In New Jersey Crash
Br the Associated Press.
HIGHTSTOWN. N. J., July 6.—A
man and his wife were instantly
killed today and four persons were
seriously injured when a car and a
truck crashed head-on about one
mile north of here.
The dead were Richard Frank
Trimmer. 70, of 3701 Twenty-sixth
street N.E., Washington, and his
wife, Ruby, 39. Their daughters,
Anna. 18, and Doris, 13, were badly
injured and were taken to a Trenton
hospital.
All four were riding in a car driven
by Mr. Trimmer's son, Richard, jr.,
when it collided with the truck. The
truck driver and his helper, who
were not immediately identified, also
were taken to the hospital in seri
ous condition. The younger Trim
mer was treated at the scene for
minor injuries.
Stanley Crawford, a sailor from
the U. S. S. Haraden, also was
slightly hurt. He was riding in the
truck as a hitchhiker en route from
j his home in Chatham, Mass., to
rejoin his ship at Norfolk, Va.
At the Trimmer home here it was
said the family left Washington
early today to go to the New York 1
World's Fair. Mr. Trimmer is em
ployed at the Government Printing
Office, ,
4
Army Officer Dies in Flames
In Vpin Effort to Save Son, 5
Mrs. Edith Lloyd Lerniond and her son George, jr., in a
recent pose. —1937 Hessler Photo.
-
Father Rescues Two
Children, but Loses
Life on Next Trip
Capt. George Lermond, U. S. A.,
was burned to death in a futile
attempt to save the life of his 5
year-old son, George Lermond. jr„
when fire destroyed the home of his
father-in-law, Maj. William Lloyd,
near La Plata, Md., early today.
Capt. Lermond’s wife, Mrs. Edith
Lloyd Lermond, and their two other
children, William, 4, and Edith, 15
months, escaped the flames.
Capt. Lermond, who was 35.
dashed into the burning nursery
when he was awakened by the fire,
and carried the two younger chil
dren to his wife on a sleeping porch
and she lowered them to safety in
the yard by means of bedsheets.
The Army officer then re-entered
the bedroom in an attempt to rescue
his older son and was overcome by
smoke before he reached the boy’s
bed.
Mrs. Lermond endeavored to drag
her husband to safety but was
driven back by the flames. She
escaped the house by climbing down
a rose trellis from the second-floor
sleeping porch to the yard.
Family Alone in Home.
The Lermond family was alone in
the house. Maj. Lloyd, retired from
the Army Medical Corps, and Mrs.
Lloyd left yesterday on a vacation
trip by motor to State College, Pa.
The family servants were at their
homes nearby.
Maj and Mrs. Lloyd, reached
after a police radio broadcast sent
out by the Maryland and Pennsyl
vania State police forces, were on
their way home this afternoon, un
aware of the tragic deaths. They
were notified simply that their home
had burned.
The home, known as Wicomico
Knoll, located at Mount Victoria,
about 18 miles from La Plata, ap
parently caught fire shortly before
4 a.m.
Elmer Pilkerton, who lives nearby
and is employed as a laborer on the
Lloyd farm, said he awoke at 3:50
a.m., noticed a ruddy glow in the
sky and saw the Lloyd home on
fire when he went to a window.
Pilkerton aroused his wife, Mrs.
Mary L. Pilkerton, and he raced to
the Lloyd home while she tele
phoned to ihe La Plata Fire De
partment.
Rescuer Is Driven Back.
Pilkerton said that when he
reached the scene, Mrs. Lermond
and her two younger children were
standing outside the burning home
and that the fire had almost leveled
the building.
He attempted to enter the home
when Mrs. Lermond told him her
husband and son George were in
the structure. ‘'But the place was
a real inferno and I couldn’t find
any place to get in,” he said.
Pilkerton said Mrs. Lermond told
him that when the fire was discov
ered her husband entered the
nursery and brought William and
Edith to her on the sleeping porch
and that she lowered them to the
ground with bedsheets.
"Mrs. Lermond said her husband
attempted to reach the nursery a
second time to save George and
when he did not reappear she went
after him,” Pilkerton explained.
Climbed Down Rose Trellis.
“'Mrs. Lermond said she found her
husband lying unconscious on the
floor near the nursery door and
attempted to drag him to safety,
but was driven back by the flames
and was forced to climb down the
rose trellis to escape.”
Mrs. Lermond, overcome by grief,
was treated by Dr. J. T. McAndrews
of La Plata after being taken to
a neighboring home. Her two chil
dren also were taken to neighbors’
residences and given first aid by Dr.
McAndrew for scratches about the
face and partial suffocation.
The bodies of Capt. Lermond and
his son were removed from the
ruins by La Plata firemen and were
taken to the funeral home of Hunt
& Ryon at Waldorf.
Investigation Is Ordered.
Origin of the fire was not im
mediately determined and an in
vestigation was begun by Dr. James
L. MacKavanagh of La Plata,
Charles County medical examiner.
The fire is believed to have
started near the kitchen on the
first floor. Mr. Pilkerton said that
when he reached the home, the
fire appeared to be burning more
(See FIRE, Page A-3.)
$1,000,000,000 Budget
Adopted in Ottawa
By the Associated Press.
OTTAWA, July 6.—The House of
Commons adopted last night, 151 to
17, the new budget providing for ex
penditures of more than $1,000,000,
000 and new taxes expected to total
$280,000,000 in the present fiscal
year.
\
CAPT. GEORGE LERMOND.
—1931 War Department Photo.
Hitler Triumphantly
Returns to Berlin;
Hailed by Populace
Capital Streets Packed
With Cheering Crowd,
Led by High Nazis
By the Associated Press.
BERLIN, July 6 — Adolf Hitler ar
rived at Anhalter station this after
noon on a triumphal home-coming
from his conquests in the west.
Berlin was ablaze with celebra
tion. Church bells pealed. Bands
and orchestras played on every street
corner.
From the railway station to the
resplendent chancellery, all the
streets leading to the Wilhelmstrasse
were packed with Germans shouting
a welcome to their fuehrer.
Hitler climbed into an automobile
with his entourage and started on
his triumphal journey through the
capital.
All gauleiters (Nazi district lead
ers), all available admirals and high
army officers stood along a red car
pet beside Hitler’s train. Youth or
ganizations in the station raised a
tremendous din with bugle and drum
corps and shouting.
At the exit of the station hung a
huge iron cross among clouds of
flags and swastikas and laurel
wreaths. Great vases of flowers
stood about the station.
Tens of thousands of citizens stood
in the hot sun in the station square
and along the streets to the chan
cellery.
Goering, Goebbels, Hess Lead.
Field Marshal Goering. Propa
ganda Minister Goebbels and Dep
uty Party Leader Rudolf Hess led
the delegation greeting Hitler at
the station.
Hitler reviewed honor companies
from the navy, army and air force
while drum corps played.
The Fuehrer spent only a few
minutes outside the station before
he entered his car for the 15-minute
(See HITLER. Page A-4.)
Britain, Reich
Trade Blows
With Planes
England Summons
300,000 More
Men to Arms
By the Associated Press.
LONDON, July 6.—Bombing planes
struck at strategic points in Britain,
Germany and the Mediterranean
today while the British were call
ing 300,000 more men to arms.
Strategfc Gibraltar experienced
its second ail-raid warning of the
war, with anti-aircraft blazing at a
high-flying, unidentified plane al
most dfrectly over the British forti
fied zone. The warning continued
for an hour. No casualties and no
damage were reported. In the first
smash at the fort last night bombs
fell harmlessly into the sea.
A Madrid broadcast heard here
asserted it had been “established’’
that the raiding planes yesterday
were French, presumably intent on
avenging the British naval attacks
Wednesday and Thursday.
(In Algeciras, Spain, it was re
ported that three British cruisers,
damaged off Mers El-Kebir, had
landed the bodies of 30 British
seamen killed in the naval ac
tion and that a French armed
vessel had escaped from Gibral
tar despite the presence of the
most powerful of all warships,
the British battle cruiser Hood.)
New German Raids.
German bombers raided the south
coast and southwestern district of
England.
The Air Ministry news service re
ported that British Spitfires at
tacked two German Heinkel bombers
off the south coast early today,
downing one in the sea and crippling
another that vanished in the clouds.
For the third time in 24 hours,
German planes appeared this morn
ing over southwestern England and
were quickly chased away by
British fighters. No bombs were
dropped.
The Air Ministry also announced
that a German bomber was shot i
down in a raid over the northeast1
region last night. Early in the day j
bombs were dropped on a town on
the south coast with damage to a \
few houses. Only one minor casu- '
alty was reported.
Early this afternoon a German \
plane invaded the northeast coast
of Scotland and was plunged into
the sea by Royal Air Force lighters,
the Air Ministry announced.
Civilian casualties in raids on
Britain since June 18 totaled 115
today, it was officially announced.
Thirty-nine of the casualties oc
curred in the Channel islands.
German flyers killed were reported
to exceed 146 in the same period
and Nazi planes destroyed were
listed as 36—22 shot dowm in night
raids and 14 in daylight invasion.
The Royal Air Force bombed Ger
man airdromes yesterday and naval
bases last night, the Air Ministry
reported. Three bombers failed to
return from the two raids.
300,000 Ordered to Register.
At the same time Britain ordered
300.000 men of the 1909 class to reg
ister today, bringing the total of!
men under arms to more than 3.000,
000. Three additional classes are to
register later in the month, raising
the total above 4,000.000.
A settlement regarding the French
fleet at Alexandria was expected
shortly. It was understood the
British have given Vice Admiral
Godfroy, commanding the French
units at Alexandria additional time
to make a decision, and the French
officers were in a huddle.
Britain has made it clear that
the fleet is not to fall into German
or Italian hands.
The French Eastern Mediter
ranean fleet remained bottled up
in Alexandria Harbor and its fate
was held “in abeyance,” British
sources in Alexandria said, ex
pressing belief the French officers
and men there were with them.
Just how many French warships
still were outside the British drag
net was undetermined.
Appeal to French Seamen.
An appeal to seamen of the
French mercantile fleet to bring
their ships to British ports was
broadcast over the British Broad
casting Co. radio by M. Becu, sec
retary of the International Asso
ciation of Officers of the Mercantile
Marine.
They were told that by responding
(See-LONDON, Page'Xtf)
Summary of Today's Star
Page.
Amusements,
s B-14
Church News.
A-ll-12-13
Comics B-12-13
Editorials... A-8
Finance .A-10
Lost, Found. B-7
Page.
Garden Page B-7
Radio. _B-12
Obituary_A-6
Real Estate.
B-l-6
Society _. . A-7
Serial Story A-12
Sports ...A-14-15
foreign
Hitler returns to Berlin in tri
umph. Page A-l
Britain and Germany exchange air
attacks. Page A-l
Threat of French-British action in
Caribbean seen. Page A-l
Part of French fleet returns safely
to Toulon. Page A-l
Two enemy attacks repulsed in
Africa, Italians claim. Page A-3
Prien credited with new record in
sinkings by subs. Page A-3
Mexican Army held in readiness for
election disorders. Page A-7
National.
Senators back warning to Reich on
U. S. hemisphere policy. Page A-l
Youth, paroled slayer, held in killing
of brother, sister. Page A-2
Tightening restrictions on aliens
planned in Congress. Page A-3
U. S. steps in to bar aluminum strike
by ordering parley. Page A-3
Friends say Hull is cool toward sec
ond place on ticket. Page A-3
Army and Navy experts to testify on
military training plan. Page A-4
ft
Youth Congress favors defense, op
poses conscription. Page A-7
Washington and Vicinity
Army officer and son die as Mary
land estate bums. Page A-l
D. C. woman, injured in Fairfax
auto crash, dies. Page A-16
Editorial and Comment
Answers to Questions. Page A-8
Letters to The Star. Page A-8
This and That. ' Page A-8
David Lawrence. Page A-9
G. Gould Lincoln. Page A-9
Constantine Brown. Page A-9
Alsop and Kintner. Page A-9
Jay Franklin. Page A-9
Sports
“College spirit” keeps Dodgers in
league lead. PageA-14
Kiefer, Skinner due to retain A. A.
U. swim titles. PageA-14
Smith extends Welsh, Johnsen’s foe
for net title. PageA-15
Culpeper Horse Show hunter title
goes to Clifton’s Lad. PageA-15
Miscellany
Service Orders. Page A-12
Nature’s Children. Page A-12
Bedtime Story. Page B-12
Letter-Out. Page B-12
Winning Contract. Page B-13
Cross-Word Puzzle. Page B-13
Uncle Ray’s Corner. Page B-13
B
To Run or Not to Run
Trio With Dynamite
Chased From Du Pont
Plant in Louisiana
Bloodhounds Put on Trail
Of Men Surprised Near
Ethyl Storage Tanks
By the Associated Press.
BATON ROUGE, La., July 6 —
Three men carrying four sticks of
dynamite were surprised as they at
tempted to enter the grounds of the
$20,000,000 Du Pont ethyl plant near
Baton Rouge last night.
Sheriff Newman Debretton said
the men escaped, leaving the dvna- j
mite behind them. Searchers found ;
evidence of fresh digging at the
base of a fence around the plant.
The dynamite was found just inside.
The sheriff ordered an extensive
search. Bloodhounds were being
used.
The huge storage tanks were fin
ished tetraethyl lead, ingredient in
high-grade gasoline is stored, are
near the point where the men ap
parently attempted to enter the
plant.
F. B. I. to Investigate.
At New Orleans. A. O. Rutzen,
agent in charge of the Federal
Bureau of Investigation, said he had I
not been notified of the occurrence:
by the Baton Rouge sheriff, but;
would assign an agent to learn the
facts and report to him.
A night watchman at the employes'
gate to the Baton Rouge plant re
ceived a mysterious telephone call
during the night saying the caller,
aa foghunter, had seen two men
digging at the fence.* The inform
ant. who did not identify himself,
said he shouted at the men, where
upon a third appeared.
The watchman hurried to the
scene, but the men fled as he ap
proached.
Blast in Spring Killed Three.
Oil men estimate one-third of all
the tetraethyl fluid used in the high
est grade gasoline consumed in this
country is produced at this plant.
Valued at $20,000,000, the plant was
completed within the last two years.
This spring the city was thrown
into temporary panic when huge
explosions at the Du Pont plant
killed three workers and injured
a score more. It was explained
then that a tank of tetraethyl had
become overheated.
Woman Who Got Tip
On Bombing Is Threatened
NEW YORK, July 6 OP).—'The
telephone operator who received a
warning Tuesday that the World
Fair British Pavilion was to be
blown up—a warning followed by
the fatal Independence Day explo
sion of a bomb found in the build
ing—was threatened with death late
last night by an anonymous tele
phone caller.
"I’ll kill you,” said a man who
called the home of Mrs. Marjorie
Rosser shortly before midnight.
The man who reached Mrs.
Rosser at the British Pavilion Tues
day warned her to “get every one
out before the box explodes.” Given
a description of the two voices, po
lice expressed belief both calls were
made by the same man.
Mrs. Rosser was not at home
when last night's call came through.
Her husband, Robert, told police
that as soon as he picked up the
receiver the man spoke the three
words in a low monotone and hung
up before Mr. Rosser had a chance
to say anything.
, Guard Set Up at Horn*'.
Police were notified immediately
and a guard was set up at the home.
Two days after the previous warn
ing, a deadly time bomb was found
in a vacant room of the British
Pavilion. Exploding after police
carried it into the open, it killed two
detectives and wounded six others.
The police laboratory determined
the timing mechanism was an 8-day
clock. The bomb had been cush
ioned on a fine grade of upholster
er's hair used only in the most ex
(See”BOMBINGrPage A~27)
Naval Battle Indicated
Off Moroccan Coast
By the Associated Press.
VALENCIA, Spain, July 8.—Fish
ermen from Alcoy hurriedly put into
this port today, alarmed by evidence
of what appeared to be a battle be
tween naval vessels and planes off
the French Moroccan coast.
One Bulgarian Routs
20 Rumanians, Takes
Post Without a Shot
By the Associated Press,
SOFIA, July 6.—A one-man
Bulgarian invasion of Rumania
was reported today in semi
official circles.
An excited Bulgarian soldier,
armed with a rifle and two
hand grenades, dashed across
the frontier into Dobruja and
20 Rumanian soldiers retreated
from their post without a shot
being fired.
A Bulgarian patrol found the
soldier in possession of the post,
singing lustily. He was finally
removed.
Willkie Delays Choice
Of Campaign Board
Until He Sees McNaryj
Conference Due Monday;
Nominee to Start Tuesday
On Colorado Vacation
By the Associated Press.
NEW YORK. July 6 —Wendell L.
Willkie today chose Colorado as the ;
site for his vacation and said he j
would leave for Denver Tuesday.
Arrangements were made in a I
telephone conversation with Colo
rado's Gov. Ralph Carr, who was
delegated to pick a "likely spot”
for the Republican presidential
nominee to stay for two weeks.
Mr. Willkie made this announce
ment as he resumed a conference
with a 12-man subcommittee of the
Republican National Subcommittee
to map campaign plans and choose
a three-man board to direct his
campaign. Announcement of the
board's make-up had been expected
today, but Mr. Willkie said it would
be withheld until he had conferred
with his running mate, Senator Mc
Nary of Oregon, in Washington
Monday.
“Any conjectures on my cam
paign plans are rumors and guesses,”
he added at an informal press con
ference, "because I have not de
cided anything yet.”
Among those most prominently
mentioned for the post of campaign
manager, however, were House Mi
nority Leader Martin of Massa
chusetts and Samuel W. Pryor, jr„
Connecticut national committeeman.
Representative Martin was Mr.
Willkie's house guest overnight and
this morning the candidate took
(See”WILLKIE, Page A727)
D. C. Man Disappears
On Potomac Fishing Trip
A 62-year-old Washington man
disappeared while on a Potomac
River fishing trip near Quantico last
night, Maryland State police re
ported today.
The victim's last name is Young,
according to State police, who lacked
his first name. Police said he lived
in the 2500 block of K street N.W.
According to a report received by
the provost marshal’s office at the
Quantico Barracks, the man dis
appeared while on a fishing trip
with two companions, Archie C.
Warden and James Corlish, both of
Washington.
Police lacked details of the cir
cumstances surrounding the disap
pearance. They and Marines were
dragging the river today.
Americas Seek Data
On News of Britain's
Martinique Blockade
Full Report Awaited
Before Deciding Action,
Secretary Hull Says
Secretary of State Hull said today
the United States, acting jointly
with other Americans nations, was
seeking information through its
neutrality patrol and other means
about reports of a British blockade
of the French West Indian Island
of Martinique.
He said American patrol vessels
were scattered over a wide area, but
that reports so far were inadequate
to provide the full information he
felt would be necessary before de
fining this Government's attitude
toward the situation.
Asked if there had been any dis
cussion of the possibility of calling
to the attention of Great Britain
and Frahce the fact that Martinique
lies within the Pan-American neu-^
tiality zone, Mr. Hull said there
had not been time as yet to gather
sufficient facts on which to base any
definite action.
He declined a direct answer when
asked about reports that this coun
try might join with other American
republics for protective occupation
of the French possessions in this
hemisphere in order to prevent their
going into German hands. The
secretary said he crossed such
bridges when he came to them.
Question of Air Bases.
He indicated the question of bases
for United States air forces in Cen
tral and South America may be
considered at the Conference of
Foreign Ministers of American Re- ;
publics opening in Havana, July 20.!
News reaching here from Fort
de France, the capital of Martinique,
that two British cruisers are hover
ing near the shores had indicated
that the Caribbean Sea, at the door
step of the United States, had been 1
turned into a potential theater of
war. The French Admiralty at Fort
de France admitted the cruisers’
presence.
The prospect of belligerent action
within the 300-mile safety zone pro
claimed by the joint action of the
21 American Republics raised the
problem of what steps the United
States and its fellow signers of the
Declaration of Panama ^iould take
in view of the extraordinary situa
tion.
Another Protest Likely.
The fact that the Americas have
protested previously to the European
belligerents against disregard of the
declaration, which establishes the
safety zone, suggested that they will
protest again.
Some observers even went so far
as to envisage action at Martinique
comparable to that at Oran, where
British battleships fired on French
(See CARIBBEAN, Page A-3.)
Fortune in Francs
Is Seized by Ulster
By the Associated Press.
BELFAST. July 6.—A fortune in
francs in a Belfast bank was seized
by the Ulster government today.
The wealth was part of the cargo
carried by a vessel which arrived
here recently from Brest. Over 120
bags were found packed with thou
sand-franc notes, the total face value
being put at well over $4,000,000.
The money now is under armed
guard pending the government’s de
cision on its disposition.
U. S. Interests Lie in War's End,
Even if British Lose, Nazis Say
The economic interest of the
United States and the other Ameri
can countries “obviously lies in a
rapid end to the European war,
even if the end entails the defeat of
Britain,” the latest “political report”
cabled dally from Berlin and dis
tributed by the German Embassy
here said today.
“It Is almost certain,” the bulletin
stated, “that England will now try
with that part of her fleet which is
still capable of operation to block
ade the Continent, while Germany
will proceed to close the Continent
completely to England.
“The prolonged continuation of
this state of affairs will have ef
fects on the American continent.
The United States will at first mate
a
up to a certain extent for deficits by
increasing trade with England, but
the time will come when Germany’s
counter-blockade will cut off Eng
land from all imports from abroad.
“The South American states must
find a market for their products in
Europe &s a whole, otherwise their
economic machine will be completely
thrown out of gear. The northern
part of the American continent can
not purchase all the coffee, wool,
cotton, wheat, oil-containing food,
cattle and frozen meat which the
southern part is offering.
“Therefore, the interest of the
American countries obviously lies in
a rapid end to the European war,
even if the end entails the defeat
of Britain.”
A
Senators Back
Hull's Warning
To Germany
Connolly Adds U. S.
Will Defend Policy
'With All Resources'
BACKGROUND-,
On December 2. 1823, President
Monroe enunciated his famous
doctrine. No more transfer of
American land to European mas
ters was part of its thesis. On
June 17, 1940, Secretary of State
Hull reiterated this doctrine in
notes to German and Italian gov
ernments, newly victorious over
France, .owner of .colonies .in
America. -German reply .re
pudiated doctrine, but Mr. Hull
restated it yesterday with new
firmness.
(Hull Text on Page AS.)
By GARNETT D. HORNER.
Germany had warning today that
the United States will defend the
Monroe Doctrine “with all of our
resources" against any Nazi chal
lenge and will oust any Reich diplo
mats in this country who publicly
discuss American policies.
Secretary of State Hull’s state
ment reaffirming that this Govern -
| ment will not acquiesce in transfer
of Western Hemisphere territory
from one non-American power to
another won quick support from
Senators aroused by a German note
rejecting a previous “hands-off
America” warning.
Chairman Pittman of the Senate
Foreign Relations Committee said
the German challenge of Monroe
Doctrine principles “may have been
made as a justification for a future
violation of the Doctrine.”
Senator Connally, Democrat, of
Texas, a member of the committee,
asserted that if such a violation is
attempted “we are prepared to de
fend it with all of our resources and
military and naval power against all
comers."
Diplomats Warned.
The State Department's warning
against public discussion of Amer
ican policies by Nazi diplomats in
this country was evoked by a news
paper interview quoting Baron Ed
gar von Spiegel. German Consul
General at New Orleans, as saying
Germany would not forget American
aid to her enemies.
While acknowledging that Von
Spiegel apparently did not know
i he was speaking for publication, the
department reminded the German
Embassy that foreign diplomats
cannot “properly” discuss this coun
try's policies and still remain here.
The Von Spiegel incident is con
sidered closed, the department said.
In another thrust at “totalitar
ian" powers. Secretary Hull asserted
that continued advocacy of princi
ples of his reciprocal trade program
remains a “fixed policy" of the ad
ministration because "the only al
ternative, especially after the war,
would be the destructive course of
totalitarian autarchy.”
He explained that recent creation
of a new Division of Commercial
Treaties and Agreements to replace
the old Trade Agreements Division
was intended to “strengthen and
make more efficient" the practical
implementation of the reciprocal
program.
Colonies Caused Concern.
The exchange concerning the
Monroe Doctrine grew out of con
cern here that Germany might at
tempt to take over French, Dutch
and British possessions in the Hew
World. A formal note advising tha
Reich we would neither recognize
nor acquiesce in such transfer waa
delivered June 18.
Germany replied Monday, Sec
retary Hull disclosed yesterday, ex
pressing surprise that such a note .
should have been sent to her be
cause the Nazi government "had
given no occasion whatever for the
assumption that it intends to acquire
such possessions.”
The German note went on to argue
that the American policy was "un
tenable” because it would “amount
to conferring upon some European
oountries the right to possess terri
tories in the Western Hemisphere
and not to other European coun
tries,” and that validity of Monroe
Doctrine principles depends on re
ciprocal non-interference in Euro
pean affairs by American nations.
Germany Standing Pat.
Despite Secretary Hull's new
warning that the Monroe Doctrine
must be respected. Germany is
"standing pat” on her policy regard
ing Latin America, an Associated
Press dispatch from Berlin quoted
authorized Nazi sources as saying
today.
The German sources outlined
(See"MONROE DOCTRINE, Pg. A-4)
Hong Kong British Bar
Trade With Indo-China
By the Associated Press.
HONG KONG, July 6.—British
authorities of this crown colony
halted all shipping and air service*
to French Indo-China today pend
ing clarification of the French col
ony’s attitude toward Great Britain.
Four French merchantmen were
among the vessels held here.
The 250-ton French gunboat Ar
gus, anchored in the harbor, still
was flying the tri-color as it ha*
been since September.
CHUNGKING, July 6 </P).—Gen
eralissimo Chiang Kai-shek warned.
friendly powers today against in
difference toward “Japanese threats’’
to French Indo-China. British Bur
ma and the Netherlands Indies.
In a statement issued on the third
anniversary of the outbreak of the
Chinese-Japanese war, Gen. Chiang
reiteiated his determination to con
tinue the struggle against Japan
whatever other nations do, but ap
pealed to America and to Soviet
Russia for assistance.
Jk

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