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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, July 07, 1940, Image 1

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I_ _
No. 1,842—No. 35,131. WASHINGTON, D. G, JULY 7, 1940 -118 PAGES. TEN CENTS
Roosevelt Urges Europe, Asia
To Adopt /Monroe Doctrines';
Denies U. S. Aim to Interfere
Insists Disposition
Of Possessions Is
Up to Americas
By JOHN C. HENRY.
8t»t Staff Corresponds:!t.
HYDE PARK, N. Y„ July 6.—
President Roosevelt today pro
posed that the nations of Europe
and Asia live within the frame
work of “Monroe Doctrines” of
their own—and avowed an ab
sence of any American intent to
interfere in the territorial prob
lems of other parts of the world.
Carried to a seemingly logical
conclusion, this might mean that
the American Government contem
plates no steps to combat Japanese
influence in the Far East.
Renouncing any territorial ambi
tions for the United States, the
President asserted that all the
American republics—and they
alone—should jointly determine the
disposition of Western Hemisphere
possessions of conquered nations.
In effect, the declaration vests in
the other American republics a pro
prietary interest in the Monroe
Doctrine, encouraging their active
co-operation in the tactical ma
neuvering calculated to exclude a:
victorious Germany from any foot
hold in this half of the world.
Mr. Roosevelt's declaration of
hemisphere foreign policy was re
layed to the press by Stephen T.
Early, secretary, after several tele
phone conversations with Secretary j
of State Hull in Washington. In
one such conversation last night
lasting mor than half an hour,
the Chief Executive received a com- j
plete fill-in on the German reply !
to our Monroe Doctrine pronounce- ;
ment of June 18.
Early's Declaration.
Bringing to the press today the
President's attitude, Mr. Early re
ported as follows:
“There is an absence of any in
tention whatever on the part of this i
Government to interfere in any
territorial problems in Europe or
Asia. This Government would like .
to see and thinks there should be j
applied a ‘Monroe Doctrine' for1
each of those continents.
"The United States is not out j
to gain any new territorial posses
sions. It does not contemplate any
territorial expansion.
“But, for example, should a vic
torious Germany lay claim to ter- j
ritories of conquered nations in this |
hemisphere we hold that the issue I
comes within the province of the!
Monroe Doctrine.
"It works in this way—the United
States does not take over the islands
or territorial possessions of the con-1
quered nations, but it believes and j
holds the position that their dis-!
position and administration should j
be decided among and by all of the :
American republics.”
In connection with this thought,
It is recalled that the Cuban gov
ernment recently proposed that the
American republics take joint ac
tion to hold "in trust" the Western
Hemisphere possessions of conquered
nations. Mr. Roosevelt's pronounce
ment of today might easily be con
strued as an implied indorsement
of this proposal and it is considered
probable that the suggestion will
receive major attention at the Inter
American Conference, scheduled to
open in Havana on July 20.
Pertaining to the idea of "Mon
roe Doctrines” for other continents. J
Mr. Early offered what may have |
been a deliberately significant ex- j
ample of how such a plan would ;
work.
"For instance.” he said, “in the
ease of French Irfdo-China we think
the disposition should be decided
among the Asiatic countries.”
Distinction Made by Hull.
A careful distinction is made, how
ever, in Mr. Hull's declaration of
Friday that the Monroe Doctrine is |
solely a policy of self-defense and
of respect for existing sovereignties!
—differing from certain policies al- !
Jegedly similar but actually “only j
the pretext for the carrying out of j
conquest by the sword, of military [
occupation, and of complete eco- j
nomic and political domination by j
certain powers of other free and
Independent peoples.”
That this is an important dis
tinction was made clear by Mr.
Early today in an added remark
that "the Washington and Berlin
, governments are not in agreement”
on the precise interpretation of the
Monroe Doctrine.
Planning to be back in Washing
ton Monday morning. Mr. Roosevelt
now expects to delay his message or
letter to Congress on a supplemen
tal five-billion-dollar defense pro
gram until Tuesday or Wednesday.
Data from the War and Navy De
partments and the National Defense
Commission is still being awaited
before the recommendations are
drafted in detail. To clear the way
for preparation of the message, the
President is planning few appoint
ments during the first part of the
Week. He will, however, see con
gressional leaders as usual on
Monday.
Shanghai U. S. Marines
Jail Japanese Police
Bt the Associntec1 Press.
SHANGHAI, July 7 (Sunday!.—
United States Marines, patrolling
their Shanghai defense sector, ar
rested 15 plain-clothes Japanese
gendarmes today.
All were armed and were scat
tered along streets of the American
sector in violation of an agreement
not to enter that area.
They were locked in the Marine
brig, and Marine authorities indi
cated they would be held until
Japanese authorities tendered apol
egi«”\
1 I
^ --—■■ ..—
Reported Planning toQuit Posts,
Farley to See Roosevelt Today
Party Chief Held Slated to Head Yankees;
Talk May Answer Third-Term Question
By a Staff Correspondent of The Star.
HYDE PARK. N. Y„ July 6 —
President Roosevelt and Postmaster
General Parley, chairman of the
Democratic National Committee, will
meet tomorrow for a luncheon and
afternoon conference of top-rank
political importance.
With the Democratic convention
only a week away, this meeting may
I bring answers to many questions—
I whether Mr. Roosevelt will run for
a third term; whether Mr. Parley
' will abandon his own presidential
aspirations to direct a third Roose
velt campaign; who might be Mr
i Roosevelt's choice for a running
! mate in event he runs again, and
who might be his choice for suc
cessor in event he does not intend
■ to run.
(The recurrent rumor that Mr.
Farley would retire from national
politics to become head of the
New York Yankees and the club's
chain of minor league affiliates
bobbed up again last night in a
news story in the New York
Times which said Mr. Parley
would not accept re-election as
chairman of the National Com
mittee and would resign soon as
Postmaster General.
• He will remain as chairman of
the State Committee, however,
according to the Times, because
of his interest in the candidacy
of Senator Mead, who seeks re
election.)
At this moment Mr. Farley is on
record as having said that his name
definitely will be placed in nomina
tidn before the Democratic conven
tion.
Account must be taken, however,
of the fact that this assertion was
made before European develop
ments. precipitated in the current
anxiety for the safety of the Western
Hemisphere—and before Republican
prospects were brightened by nom
<See PARLEY, Page A-8.)
Pan-American Action
Possible on Rumored
British Blockade
Governments Studying
Reports of Warships at
Martinique, Hull Says
By the Associated Press.
The possibility of joint Pan
American action with regard to the
1 reported British blockade of Marti
nique arose yesterday.
At a press conference. Secretary
: of State Hull said that this and.
| other American governments care
fully were studying reports that
British warships had hemmed in the
French Caribbean island to prevent
the departure of a French aircraft
carrier. He added that they., nows
lacked information on which to base
! any general policy.
Machinery set up by Pan-Amer
ican conferences at Buenos Aires in
1936 and at Lima in 1938 provides
1 for hemisphere consultation in the
event of world peace disruption or
of any threat to American nations.
In Neutrality Belt.
In addition, a declaration of
American nations at Panama last
September outlined a 300-mile neu
trality belt which embraces Martin
ique.
Secretary Hull, saying he expected
to attend the conference of foreign
officers of 21 American countries at
Havana July 20. indicated that it
; would cover the whole field of
j Western Hemisphere problems, in
! eluding the possible establishment
! of United States air bases in South
I America.
The State Department official de
I dared he could not say now whether
i this Government might call to the
; attention of Great Britain and
Fiance the reported blockade of
Martinique. He said, too, that a
question of whether the United
[ States was ready to seize British
and French islands in this hemi
sphere if Germany sought to take
them was a bridge to be crossed
when we came to it.
French Embassy spokesmen said
they had no information regarding
any blockade of Martinique, and
British Embassy authorities express
ed the view that reports of such a
maneuver involved "a great deal
of imagination.”
Hull’s Stand Applauded
On Capitol Hill, Senators gener
ally applauded Mr. Hull's declara
tion yesterday reaffirming the Mon
roe Doctrine. Mr. Hull's statement
was made in response to a note
from Germany that the administra
tion's interpretation of the doctrine
was “untenable.” .
Chairman Pittman of the Senate
Foreign Relations Committee as
serted that Germany's note may
have been designed “as a justifica
: tion for a future violation of the
doctrine.”
Another foreign relations com
mitteeman, Senator Connally. Dem
ocrat. of Texas, told reporters that
if any violation is attempted “we
are prepared to defend the doctrine
with all of our resources and military
and naval power against all comers.”
Washington Passengers'
Weapons Confiscated
By the Associated Press.
GALWAY, EIRE, July 6.—Sawed
off shotguns were among a consid
erable number of weapons confis
cated by authorities late today in an
inspection of luggage of persons in
tending to board the United States
liner Washington.
A dozen assorted weapons were
taken from one theatrical troupe,
and one passenger's golf bag was
found to contain two shotguns.
The liner, with 1,600 refugees al
ready on board, is not expected to
sail for the United States before
noon tomorrow.
N, Y. Idle On Vacation
MONTICELLO, N. Y.. July 6 UP).—
Some of New York City’s unemploy
ed prefer idleness in the Catskills
to inactivity in the metropolis.
Nearly 1,000 New Yorkers stormed
the State Unemployment Insurance
office in this Summer resort today
to register for continued benefits.
Absence from the city on regular
reporting days necessitated their
registering at the nearest office. ,
Red Moves Reported
in Bessarabia and
On Persian Border
*
Speculation Is Stirred
On Possibility of
Drive to Dardanelles
B* the Associated Presa.
BUDAPEST. July 6—Reports of
continued Russian troop movements
in Bessarabia and along the Per
sian frontier reaches feai..<m capi
tals tonight, leading to conjecture
as to whether Soviet Russia is
planning new moves.
Military circles wondered if Rus
sia is considering an eventual drive
on the Dardanelles, with a diverting
move from Persia.
> Hungarian reports said engineers
of the Red Army have been hur
riedly converting Rumania's former
Bessarabian railways to the wide
Russian gauge in order to facilitate
troop transport southward.
This followed a report in Belgrade
diplomatic circles that the Ruman
ian Black Sea port of Constanta is
berng prepared against possible sea
attacks, with units of the small
Rumanian Navy on patrol duty.
Hungary awaited with rising hope
the outcome of the meeting in Ber
lin between Adolf Hitler and Count
Galeazzo Ciano. Italian Foreign
Minister. Count Ciano will arrive
in Berlin tomorrow.
From this meeting may come in
tervention by the axis powers for a
peaceful adjustment of the Magyars'
claim to Transylvania — territory 1
which was carved out of Hungary
and given to Rumania at the end of
the World War of 1914-1918.
The Hungarian Army is remain
ing on a complete war footing, how
ever. with full military preparations
continuing.
Disloyalty Laid to Jews
By Rumanian Premier
BUCHAREST, July 7 (Sunday)
MP>.—‘"Minor incidents” which have
been ended were disclosed officially
today to have occurred in connec
tion with the transfer of Jews and
other minority groups to Russian-1
occupied Bessarabia.
The announcement by the In
terior Ministry followed the accusa
tion last night of Premier Ion Gig
urtu, head of Rumania's new pro
Nazi Government, that Jews had
been disloyal in the country’s “last
hour of trial.”
‘‘The cession of Bessarabia and, j
in particular, the transfer across the
Prut River into Bessarabia of the
Jewish minority and certain com
munistic elements was effected with
some minor incidents1,” the min
istry's communique said.
‘‘These were, however, liquidated
through energetic measures and the
tact of our officials."
Of the alleged Jewish disloyalty,
(See RUMANIA, Page A-5.)
World's Fair's Second
Bomb Scare Is Harmless
By tbe Associated Press.
NEW YORK. July 6—Crowds at
New York's World Fair got their
second bomb scare in a week today.
But this time, instead of a deadly
explosive similar to the one which
took two lives Thursday and in
jured seven, it proved to be only a
package containing—women’s silk
stockings and a handkerchief.
The package was discovered in the
British Pavilion—the same structure
in which the death-dealing bomb
was found two days ago. It was
rushed from the pavilion into the
little-used area whqre the earlier
explosion occurred.
Members of the police bomb aquad
hastened the package into a lava
tory and there examined it with i
portable X-ray machine, which dis
closed no bomblike structure.
Germany and Greece
In New Trade Pact
By the Associated Press. -
LONDON, July 6.—Reuters, Brit
ish news agency, reported from
Athens today the signing of a new
economic agreement between Ger
many and Greece, under which im
port and export quotas will be
increased.
<
French Fleet
At Alexandria
Is Demobilized
British Warplanes
Hammer Italians
And Ex-Allies
By the Associated Press.
LONDON. July 7 (Sunday!.—Brit
ish warplanes hammered a double
blow at Italian and French sea
pcrver yesterday in far-ranging at
tacks, while a dispatch from Cairo,
Egypt, said the French fleet in Alex
andria had been demobilized with
out difficulty.
Col. Salisbury Jones, until lately
chief British liaison officer in Syria,
said in a broadcast at Cairo last
night that thanks to the bonds of
friendship formed between the Brit
ish and French crews the demobili
zation of the French fleet in Alex
andria has been carried out without
difficulty in a spirit of complete
understanding.
Reuters, British news agency, said
today in a dispatch from Vichv.
Fiance, that the French Naval Min
istry had acknowledged that French
planes had participated in raids on
the British base at Gibraltar yes
terday.
At home, Britain enrolled another
300.000 men in her constantly ex
panding armed manpower, poised
now for invasion.
“Successful Action” Claimed.
“Successful action” by naval and
Royal Air Force planes against Ital
ian warships in Tobruk. Libya, was
announced by the Admiralty.
It said other units of the fleet
air arm also had raided an air
drome at Catania. Sicily, leaving
hangars and workshops in flaming
ruins.
Naval mopup planes made sure
that the damaged French battleship
Dunkerque was out of the war for
good. They revisited Oran, Algiers,
where the British attack on the
French fleet Wednesday crippled the
Dunkerque and forced her aground,
and scored six bomb hits on the
26.500-ton battleship.
“It was considered essential.” the
Admiralty explained, “that the ship
should be in no condition to take
part in the war in case she should
fall under enemy control • •
200 Reported Killed.
The planes attacked without
warning because the French com
mander had declared his ships hors
de combat and said they were to be
abandoned, a communique disclosed.
But its report that two British craft
failed to return indicated that some
resistance may have been encoun
tered.
A Reuters dispatch from Vichy to
day quoted an Algiers dispatch as
saying the French battleships Dun
kerque and Provence and the de
stroyer Mogador lost 200 killed and
150 seriously wounded in the naval
battle with British warships last
Wednesday.
The dispatch also^said there were
only 200 survivors from the French
battleship Bretagne. Her normal
complement was 1,133 but she was
in port at the time of the battle and
probably many of the crew were
ashore on leave.
The tour ships were reported
ashore as a result of the fight. It
was said engineers were studying
means of refloating them.
Hopes in Vast Army.
The foundation of British hopes
for successful resistance against
Nazi invasion, now regarded as in
evitable and imminent, is in the
vast army she is training.
Clement R. Attlee, deputy govern
ment leader, cautioned the nation
last night that it soon will face the
‘‘full onslaught of our enemies" but
declared: ‘‘I believe we shall meet it
with courage and defeat it in what
ever form it may come.”
Dipping into her reservoir of men
in their 30s. Britain called her 1909
class—30-year-olds—and before the
end of the month three more groups
will have registered, the 1908 class
next Saturday, the 1907 class a week
later and the 1906 class two weeks
later.
Potentially, this is an army of
4,000,000 men which Britain expects
will be stronger than the Maginot
line which failed France.
"You can’t buy safety with bricks
and mortar,” Prime Minister
(SeeIONDONrPageA-47)
Radio Programs, Page F-5
Complete Index, Page A-2
Ihe Platform^
COMMITTEE WILL
XOME TO ORDER]]
Army Is Said to Favor
Compulsory Training
At $21 Regular Pay
Is Reported Opposed to
Weakening Experienced
Personnel to Train Men
By ROBERT BRI SKIN'.
Tlie Army was authoritatively re
ported yesterday to have decided on
urging compulsory military training,
but with the proviso tnat conscripts
be paid on the same scale as Reg
ular troops—$21 a month instead of
$5 as contemplated ir the Burke
Wadsworth bill now before Congress.
The Army also is expected to urge
that precautions be taken against
stripping the Armv ol experienced
personnel to train recruits, thereby
creating a danger of leaving the Na
tion without a comba, force trained
and equipped to take the field in
stantly. if needed Authorities inti
mated this might be in the form of
a recommendation that fewer than
500.000 youths oe inducted immedi
ately and that the number be in
creased gradually as experienced of
ficers and non-commissioned officers
become available.
Call Reserve Officers.
Basing their beliefs on previous
utterances of Gen. George C. Mar
shall, chief of staff and other high
officers, congressional sources sup
posed—without official confirmation
—that the War Department would
further recommend calling up of
most of the 117.000 Reserve officers
and much of the higher personnel
in the National Guard to help train
conscripts
Recommendations ol the Army—
and the Navy—will be made Tuesday
to the Senate Military Affairs Com
mittee. which is conducting hearings
on the Burke-Wadsworth bill pro
viding for registration and selective
service of all physically fit Ameri
can men from 18 t) 6b.
The pending legislation provides
for salaries of $5 a month to the men
summoned for eight months of mili
tary training, of whom 87 per cent
would be from 21 to 31 years, and
the remainder up to 45.
Would Raise Pay to $21.
Experienced officers, however,
pointed out the danger to morale
of differentiating between Regular
Army privates, who receive $21 a
month, and conscripts who will be
required to perform similar duties at
$5, barely enough to provide for
minor necessities which the Army
does not ordinarily provide.
The Army has had recent experi
ence in this aspect of morale. When
the Civilian Conservation Corps was
formed. Army personnel was as
signed to camps for administrative
duties, with regular pay at $21, less
a 10 per cent cut then in effect as
an economy measure. The C. C. C.
enrollees, younger and required to
perform less arduous labor, were
paid $30 a month, although $25 was
sent to their parents. The con
trast was too harsh, and soldiers
(See DEFENSE; Page-A-3.) ’
U. S. Speeds Up Industry
To Meet Totalitarian Pace
Men, Money and Machines Poured Into
Gigantic Task of Rearmament
By the Associated Press.
American enterprise is beginning to give the world its answer to
these questions:
Can the United States, by democratic methods, accomplish what the
totalitarian nations have done by conscription?
How fast can men, mdney, machines and mass production do the
Job of rearmament?
Joplin, Mo., replies: “Powder plant doubling capacity by August 1."
Minneapolis says: “Machine manu
facturer increasing capacity 100 per
cent.” Indianapolis reports: “Tank
manufacturing firm starting to ex
pand.” BufTalo says, “aircraft plant
doubling floor space and pay roll.”
Washington responds with an out
pouring of millions in cash, and lays
aside billions more for the job. Big
business, in the person of Big Bill
Knudsen, takes command of spend
ing.
Army arsenals plan a seven-day
week. Navy Yards start hiring
15,000 men.
Taxis jam the Avenue in front of
the War and Navy Departments and
the Federal Reserve Building where
the defense commissioners are
housed.
Business men, brief cases ree,dy,
crowd around the information desk
4
>
of the commission, roam the limit
less corridors of the War and Navy
Buildings.
Pour groups confer interminably;
Army, Navy, Defense Commission
and business men.
“We are now in the what-do-we
need stage,” says a defense com
mission aide. “How far are we go
ing? Will it be preparedness or total
effort? Our basis of action is not
completely defined.”
Meanwhile, buying begins. In 10
days the commission places $360,
000,000 worth of Army and Navy
contracts—$36,000,000 a day—with
more to come.
Gen. George G. Marshall, chief
of staff, says "each order for critl
: (Continued on Pace A-fl, Column 1.) I
I
Hedy Lamarr
And Markey
Separate
B' the Associated Press.
HOLLYWOOD. July 6—Hedv La
marr and her producer-writer hus
band. Gene Markey. have separated,;
16 months after their Mexican wed- !
ding.
The Viennese actress, whose career
included her daring appearance in
the European film “Ecstasy.” told
inquirers: "Yes, it is true we have
separated."
“For many months we have been
incompatible and we have consid
ered this step. I feel it is best for
both of us.”
Miss Lamarr today consulted her
I lawyer, Lester Roth, regarding “fu
' ture action."
Markey moved out of the couple's
home in Watercress Canyon yester
day and went to reside with his
father in Hollywood.
When the couple married March
4. 19i39. at Mexicali. Mexico the
bride gave her age as 24, Markey
his as 43.
Markey was divorced by Actress
Joan Bennett three years ago on
charges of mental cruelty. Miss
Lamarr was the former wife of
Fritz Mandl, wealthy Austrian muni
tions maker.
I _ _ __
Presidential Drive
Ends in Mexico Amid
Growing Tenseness
Major Disorders Feared
In Today's Election;
One Killed, Three Hurt
B? the Associated Press.
MEXICO CITY. July 6.—Mexico’s
| angry presidential campaign ended
! tonight in an atmosphere of grow
ing tenseness, scattered bloodshed
and fear of major disorders in to
morrow's election.
Late in the day one newsboy was j
shot and killed and three were in- 1
i jured. one seriously, in fights in
| front of the union headquarters of
' the marine department workers.
Vhe crowd of about 200 boys had
I shouted "Viva Almazan!” in favor
j of the anti-administration presiden
tial candidate, Gen. Juan Andreu;
Almazan, and stoned the building
which displayed pictures of the ad
ministration candidate, Gen. Man
| uel Avila Camacho.
Police arrested 10 union leaders
I for the shooting and rescued other
occupants of the building from the
angry boys.
Army Kept to Barracks.
Substantially the entire army of
52.000 was kept to barracks and
i police were on the alert,
j It was openly predicted that there
j would be many "minor incidents.”
! but government officials said again
! that there would be no revolution.
The newspaper Ultimas Noticias
tonight warned of a "savage feast
tomorrow” in the election.
Ultimas Noticias asked
“If this (the shooting) took place
in the vicinity of half a dozen news
papers and news agencies, what will
7 ('See MEXICO. Page A-4.)
__
Swedish Attache Beaten
And Robbed of Papers
Ake Sjodin, an attache at the
Swedish Legation, was beaten and
robbed early today while walking
near the legation, 2247 R street
N.W., by four men who, he told
police, took “personal" papers and
a watch.
“There is no political significance
to this, I hdpe,’’ he commented.
Mr. Sjodin said he was out for
a stroll when the men, cruising in
a sedan, hailed him on Connecticut
avenue. They offered to take him
home, he continued, but he refused.
As he was nearing the legation, the
car again came up and the men
attacked him. He fought his way
clear, then ran to the legation and
called police. His assailants drovej
off.
Mr. Sjodin suffered a gash under
his left eye.
Gen. De Gaulle 'Sentenced'
LONDON, July 7 (Sunday), UP).—
Reuters, British news agency, re
ported today from Vichy that a
French military court had sentenced
"former Gen. Charles de Gaulle" In
his absence to four years In prison.
a
I
Federal Employes
Now Total Million;
More to Be Added
Nation-Wide Broadcasts
Will Recruit Workers
For Defense Jobs
Bv J. A. FOX.
Civilian employment in the Gov
ernment is at the million mark, if
it has not already passed that fig
ure. it was estimated unofficially
yesterday as plans went forward at
the Civil Service Commission to
speed up the enrollment of vitally
needed skilled workmen for the vast
national defense program, with a
series of Nation-wide broadcasts.
Under the impetus of defense ex
penditures—along with the upbuild
ing of the decennial census force
job placements are being made from
employment registers here at the
rate of approximately 4.000 weekly.
A large part of this employment is
for local agencies, but some also—
engineers for example—go to field
establishments. The 13 district of
fices of the commission also recruit
for the units outside of Washing
ton. but pending reports from these,
the commission can only estimate
the size the mushrooming forces
are reaching.
959.146 on April 30.
The last date lor which known
employment figures are available
was April 30. when local agencies
reported 129.677 persons employed,
and those in the field. 829.469. for
a total of 959.146. The May figures
will be available early this week,
boosting this total, and it is the
June report of the commission, due
out the first week in August, that
is expected to see the million mark
passed for the first time in the his
tory of the Government and to
give, incidentally, the best picture
yet available of the effect of the
arms program on employment. The
peak of World War employment—
November 11, 1918—was under 918 -
000, but that total was exceeded a
year ago by the ordinary expansion
of New Deal activities.
The principal increases, of course,
will be in the agencies intimately
connected with the defense pro
gram. but the growth of these in
evitably will be reflected in the ex
pansion of other groups, such as
Treasury and Civil Service.
Three Broadcast Systems Available.
In taking to the air for the re
cruiting drive, the Civil Service
Commission will have the use of the
facilities of the National. Columbia
and Mutual systems, which will put
on "spot” announcements of per
sonnel needs periodically. This pro
gram is scheduled to go on tomor
row or Tuesday, and will be based
on telegraphic advices from the
district managers who are to keep
in constant touch with the commis
sion as to the number and kinds of
openings in the Federal establish
ments in their respective territories.
Mechanical tradesmen, shipbuild
ers, precision instrument makers,
aircraft tradesmen and other trained
workmen are in great demand at
navy yards, arsenals and air sta
tions, but the commission is empha
sizing that there is a surplus of
clerical and unskilled labor, and
that no applications are being ac
cepted for this work. Attention also
is being called to the fact that the
examination for punch machine
operators, which was to close to ap
plicants July 24, is being kept open.
Are Pedestrians
More Careful?
How does the number of pe
destrians killed during the first
six months of 1940 compare
with the number of pedestrian
fatalities in a similar period last
year?
Are pedestrians showing a
greater or lesser tendency to
cross the street not on a cross
walk?
What plan has been proposed
to prevent pedestrians from
risking their lives by crossing
in the middle of the block?
How many traffic victims dur
ing the first half of this year
were held responsible for their
own deaths?
See pege B-4.
A
D. C. Population
Now 663,153;
Gain Leads U. S.
Suburban Areas
Also Show Heavy
Increase Over 1920
By HAROLD B. ROGERS.
Washington’s population ha*
reached 663,153. an increase of 176.
284 in the last decade, according
to preliminary figures on the 1940
census made public late yesterday.
Tftiis was a gain of 36.2 per cent
over the 1930 census figure of 486 -
869. the largest proportional gam
reported so far by any city of more
than 100.000 population in the
United States, Garnett R. Brown,
ceusus area manager, said.
Figures also were made publie
for nearby counties and the city of
Alexandria, showing this area and
Washington have a combined popu
lation of 962,742. This is a gain of
43 per cent from 672,198 for the
area in the 1930 census.
Washington already has sui
passed both Buffalo and Milwaukee,
and is close on the heels of San
Francisco. This puts the Capital
in either 11th or 12th place among
the country's cities, depending on
San Franciscos return, not yet re
ported.
City’s Gain Is Steady,
Washington has been making
steady strides forward, as shown by
the 11.3 per cent gain in 1930 over
1920: 32.2 per cent in 1920 over 1910,
and 18.8 per cent in 1910 over 1900.
Nearby areas have been growing
rapidly, especially Arlington County,
Va., which showed an increase of
113 per cent over 1930.
Prince Georges County, now the
How Washington
Area Grew in
Last 10 Years
Comparison of 1930 and 1940
census figures for Washington
and nearby areas:
1930. 1940.
Washington. 486.869 663.153
’Prince Georges
County, Md. . 60.095 87,177
Montgomery
County. Md. .. 49.206 81.444
Arlington
County, Va... 26.615 56.500
Fairfax
County. Va . 25.264 40.668
Alexandria City *
Va... 24.149 33.800
Totals .. 672,198 962,742
most populous contiguous area, grew
from 60.095 in 1930 to 87,177 In 1940,
a gain of 45.6 per cent. This com
pares with 43.347 in 1920. 36.147 ir
1910, 29.898 in 1900 and 26.080 in
1390.
Montgomery County showed an
increase from 49.206 in 1930 to 81.444
in 1940. a gain of 65 per cent. This
compares with growth from 34.921
in 1920 to 49.206 in 1930. an increase
of 40.9 per cent, and previous popu
lation figures of 32,089 in 1910, 30,451
in 1900 and 27.185 in 1890.
Heavy Gain in Arlington.
Arlington County increased In
population from 26,615 in 1930 to
56.500 in 1940. Previous heavy gains
are shown by the population figures
of 16.040 in 1920. 10.231 in 1910,
6.430 in 1900 and 4.258 in 1890.
Fairfax County, Va.. grew from
25.264 in 1930 to 40.668 in 1940, a
gain of 61 per cent. Previous
growth had been indicated by popu
lations of 21.943 in 1920. 20.536 in
1910. 18.580 in 1900 and 16,655 in
1890.
The City of Alexandria showed
an increase from 24,149 in 1930 to
33.800 in 1940, a gain of 40 per cent.
This compares with populations of
18.060 irt 1920. 15.329 in 1910 and
14.528 in 1900.
The leading cities of the Nation
in 1940 population are as follows:
New York City, 7.380.259, gain of
6 per cent.
Chicago. 3.384.556. gain of one
fourth of 1 per cent.
Philadelphia, 1,935.086. loss of
three-fourths of 1 per cent.
Detroit, 1,618.549, gain of 3 per
cent.
Los Angeles, no 1940 report yet,
1.238.048 in 1930.
Cleveland. 874 305, loss of 3 per
cent.
Baltimore, 854.144. gain of 8 per
cent.
St. Louis, 813.748, loss of 1 per
cent.
Boston, no 1940 report, 781,188 in
1930.
Pittsburgh, 665.384, loss of 1 per
cent.
San Francisco, no 1940 report,
634.394 in 1930.
Milwaukee, 589,558, gain of 2 per
cent.
Buffalo. 575,150, gain of one-half
of 1 per cent.
Reports Subject to Correction.
The figures for Washington and
the five other units were disclosed
late yesterday at the Census Bureau
in the office of Gerald Ryan, as
sistant to the director of the census,
who explained the reports were all
preliminary, and subject to correc
tion by later changes. The changes,
however, he said, would be upward,
not downward, so that the final
population of Washington, and all
the five other units, probably will
<See CENSUSTPage A-# J
French Order Arrest
Of Pertinax, in Exile
By the Associated Press.
LONDON, July 6 —On charges of
“spreading false news," thf French
government at Vichy has ordered
the arrest of four prominent French
journalists, all of whom already
have left France, it was reliably
reported in London tonight.
They are Genevieve Tabouis and
Emile Bure, both now in London;
Andre Geraud, known as “Pertinax,’*
reported now en route to the United
States, and Henri de Kerillls, now in
Canada.
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