Enters Fourth Year,
No End in Sight
Signs Lacking That Japan
Is Cracking Under Strain
Of Continuing Conflict
Jly the Associated Press.
SHANGHAI, July 7 (Sunday).—
The Chinese-Japanese war went
Into Its fourth year, today, with the
end not yet in sight.
Diametrically opposed answers are
given by Japanese and Chinese au
thorities to these questions:
How long can the war last?
Can Chungking survive if Japan
closes free China's remaining sources
of foreign munitions supplies?.
Is Japan bogging down at home
and In China?
Chiang Kai-shek, Chinese gen
eralissimo, says that if the war is
ending, it is ending in Japan’s de
Japanese military sources say
“this remnant government at
Chungking is collapsing. The war
already is over.”
In an effort to discredit the
Chungking government, the Jap
anese opened negotiations Friday
with its Nanking puppet govern
ment for "readjustment of Sino
Japanese relations, establishment of
a new order in Eastern Asia, and
ending of the Sino-Japanese inci
Forced Closing of Railway.
As the third year of the war ended,
the Japanese forced French Indo
china to close the railway to South
west China, over which, the Jap
anese claim, Chungking was get
ting vital munitions.
This route as a lifeline to Chung
king faded, but a Japanese demand
that the British similarly close the
Burma overland route met rejection
This action of the British con
stituted one of the big “ifs” in Sino
Japanese affairs as the fourth year
of the war opened.
During the Burma crisis, the Brit
. lsh removed women and children
Jrom Hong Kong, expecting a Jap
anese blockade of the colony If Lon
don refused Japan's demand that the
overland route be closed.
If the Burma road is closed, op
ponents of Chiang Kai-shek say, it
will mean the demise of China. But
widespread opinion here is that in
stead of China collapsing, it is Japan
which is weakening.
Daily Raids on Chungking.
Best available information, how
ever, fails to indicate that Japan is
near a crackup. It seems assured
that she will continue her invasion
Today, Japan holds a sketchy oc
cupation of Eastern China. The past
month has seen almost daily air
raids on Chungking, where the in
vaders rained death, hoping to crack
the Chinese morale. But they got
only increased Chinese defiance.
Best available estimates place the
total dead and wounded in the three
year war at 3.000.000—about 2.000,000
Chinese and 1.000.000 Japanese.
China now has about 2,000.000 sol
diers on the Asiatic mainland and
Japan has about 1.000,000.
The occupied areas are proving
troublesome to the Japanese, as the
Chinese residents refuse to co
operate with the invaders, and guer
rilla warfare is sapping Japanese
men and morale.
In recent months, the Japanese
established the puppet government
in Nanking, tilth Wang Ching-wei
as head. The effect of this upon
China's fighting legions remains to
(Continued From First Page.!
were soon withdrawn from the C.
C. C. camps.
Senator Johnson, Democrat, of
Colorado declared that the Burke
Wadsworth bill provisions would cost
the Nation $1,200,000,000 a year to
train 2,000,000 conscripts. This was
at an estimated cost of $600 an
nually for each recruit. The Army,
however, estimates that a profes
sional soldier costs about $1,000 a
year to maintain.
The War Department's plans for
mass training has been developed
over the last 20 years. The Army
had 19 major concentration posts
and 19 lesser ones to care for the
overflow. One large step in its prep
arations for increasing facilities was
taken yesterday with the awarding
of contracts for barracks and mess
halls at 19 posts at a cost of
Although equipment for conscripts
will be available in the near future,
the Army is faced with the necessity
of assuring adequate personnel to
train its regular force, which will
have more than, doubled ,-ince June
30, 1939. to 375,000.
Marines Want Ships.
Meanwhile, the Navy was reported
preparing to purchase three mer
chant ships from the Maritime
Commission for instant use of its
own trouble shooters—the Marines.
The ships, congressional sources
said, would be equipped with ar
tillery, tanks, supplies and other
equipment so that they could sail
for any point as soon as Marines
marched aboard—"like a fire en
gine,” one member of Congress de
clared. The time usually consumed
in assembling and loading heavy
equipment in inadequately prepared
troop ships necessary for an expedi
tionary force thus would be saved.
The vessels would be stationed in
the Caribbean, probably at the
Guantanomo (Cuba) naval base,
W’here they would be within striking
distance of Latin America, it was
"Time will be essential if we are
called upon to move,” a House mem
ber said, "because you can put down
in 48 hours a revolution that might
take a month or more to quell if 60
hours elapses before you get on
These other developments were
announced as the country girded for
Maj. Gen. John F. Williams, chief
of the National Guard Bureau, re
ported to the War Department that
the Guard was better equipped than
it had ever been i^ peacetime his
tory and “it stands ready, eager, and
willing to enter into the service of
the United States today, tomorrow,
or at any time the President sees
fit to issue a call or order.”
Col. F. C. Harrington, W. P. A.
commissioner, said his department
expected to have from 500,000 to
600.000 persons employed on na
tional defense projects by fall
These, he said, would include mili
tary barracks, airports, armories,
CHUNGKING, CHINA.—BOMBS LEAVE THOUSANDS HOME
LESS—Japanese warplanes, raining incendiary and demolition
bombs on this city June 16, laid waste to whole sections. Resi
dential section near French and Soviet Embassies is shown
burning. Ten thousand were left homeless and 100 casualties
reported. Picture by Clipper mail. —A. P. Wirephoto.
CHUNGKING, CHINA.—STREET SCENE: AFTER BOMBING—
This is a street scene after the June 16 attack by warplanes.
Today is the 3d anniversary of the Sino-Japanese undeclared
war. Picture by Clipper mail. —A. P. Wirephoto.
'Picketing' to Keep
From 2 Radio Chains
Dispute With 2 Separate
Stations Denies Popular
Orchestras to Listeners
By WILLIAM J. WHEATLEY.
All popular dance orchestras with
out advertising sponsors have been
ruled off the airways of the Na
tional Broadcasting Co. and the Co
lumbia Broadcasting System under
a new form of picketing the air
This action was taken by James
C. Petrillo, president of the Amer
ican Federation of Musicians, an A.
F. of L. affiliate, in an effort to force
two radio broadcast stations to em
ploy staff orchestras. The order pre
vents any N. B. C. or Columbia
chain station from picking up any
of the orchestras’ programs, even
though it may have a union contract
and employ a staff orchestra.
The ruling does not affect any or
chestra which has a j/onsor. Those
affected are the orchestras playing
by contract to furnish programs in
hotels and night clubs, whose music
is picked up by remote control as a
form of sustaining program.
It was explained that the reason
for denying the programs to any
station in either of the chains is
to prevent the two “picketed” sta
tions from getting the benefit of the
programs. But the effect of the
ruling is to deny these programs
to the listening public throughout
the country because of a dispute
with two widely separated stations,
each on a different network.
The difficulty, it was said, grew
out of disputes with Station KSTP
at St, Paul, affiliated with N. B. C.,
and Station WRVA at Richmond,
Va., affiliated with Columbia, over
employment by the stations of stu-*
dio orchestras. It is the same sort
of fight which occurred between the
musicians’ union and the theaters
when sound pictures began to make
garages, utilities and other defense
Secretary of Commerce* Hopkins
announced the Census Bureau was
hastening compilation of data on
three principal ingredients of de
fense man power, industrial capa
city and natural resources. They
are being prepared for presenta
tion to the National Defense Com
mission on a few hours’ notice.
The National Executive Commit
tee of Housing Authorities, repre
senting public housing agencies in
more than 400 cities, told the de
fense commission that “unless we
build houses as well as factories
we must again face, as in the World
War years, not only widespread in
efficiency in our defense industries,
but an absolute inability to fulfill
contracts vttal to the defense pro
gram.” The committee said that in
many cities “mass migration” of
defense industry workers "has al
ready set in on a large scale.”
inroads Into the employment of
The union contends that the two
stations must employ staff or
chestras of a certain size, it was
said. Station WRVA contends that
it spends considerably more money
during the year for musicians' serv
ices on specific programs than it
would spend on a staff orchestra.
Although many of the orchestras
affected by the recent ruling have
had a regular place on network
programs for months, it has been
necessary to cancel them without
previous announcement. The sta
tions and networks have filled in
the gape with other entertainment.
Aviation Industry Injured
By Regulation, Wilson Says
By the Associated Press.
DENVER, July 6.—As a defense
measure the Government must cease
“economic regulation” of the civil
aviation industry, Capt. Gill Robb
Wilson, president of the National
Aeronautic Association, said today.
“Under this policy aviation has
been held back for fear it would
harm the older, established systems
of transportation,” the New Jersey
director of aviation told interview
ers on his arrival for the associa
tion’s national congress, which opens
“England and France have had
the same experience and are paying
dearly for it.
"It is up to the Federal Govern
ment to authorize expansion of civil
aviation just as fast as American
capital and the American public can
prepare it and use it.
“There is no defense against air
attack but in the air.”
Gen. George C. Marshall, Army
chief of staff, and Rear Admiral
Harold R. Stark, chief of naval
operations, will deliver a joint 15
minute broadcast to the congress
from Washington at 8:45 p.m. (10:45
p.m, E. S. T.) Tuesday. It will
concern aviation’s part in the na
tional defense program.
Volunteers of America
Open Child Camp Today
The child health camp of the Vol
unteers of America at Treasure Cove,
Md„ will open today to provide free
summer vacations for needy and
underprivileged children. The open
ing was originally scheduled for
July 4 but was postponed because of
The first contingent of 30 children
will leave for the camp this after
noon from the Volunteers Mission,
471 Pennsylvania avenue N.W.
French Press Envoy
Assumes Duty Here
Jean Paul-Boncour, new French
Embassy Counselor in charge of
press relations, assumed his duties
here yesterday, but said he is still
undecided whether to make New
York or Washington his head
The new Counselor refused to be
quoted on any phase of recent events
In Europe. For the present he is
staying at the Wardman Park Hotel.
Senator Smith Says
Willkie Will Lure
South Carolina Veteran
Thinks They're Tired of
New Deal Leadership
By the Associated Press.
Senator “Cotton Ed” Smith, ve
teran South Carolina Democrat,
predicted yesterday that "millions
of real Democrats” would be at
tracted to Wendell Willkie.
“I'm a real Democrat and I'm
tired of my party being led by this
so-called New Deal,” Senator Smith
The South Carolina Senator, a
militant opponent of a third term
for President Roosevelt, credited
the Republican party with "an
astute move in picking a former
Democrat” for its presidential entry.
“Willkie stole my slogan.” he add
ed. "Like me, he didn't leave the
Democratic party, the party left
Another Senate veteran. Senator
Norris, Independent, of Nebraska,
loyal supporter of President Roose
velt, said he was certain that the
Chief Executive did not want a
third term, “but I can't see how he
can avoid it.”
Norris For Roosevelt.
Senator Norris said in an inter
view that he had told Mr. Roose
velt it was his "duty to run again,”
but added that "I have no knowl
edge as to the President's inten
Explaining his view that-the Pres
ident could not refuse renomination,
Senator Norris said "Roosevelt is the
only man the Democrats could nom
inate who could ijin.”
The veteran Nebraska independ
A BETTER DEAL
P 0 N T I A C
H. J. BROWN PONTIAC, Inc.
Direct Factor? Dealers
Besslyn. Va. (Just Across Key Bridle)
Attic & Household
517 10th St. H.W.
ent said the majority of Democratic
delegates already pledged for a third
term made it mandatory on Presi
dent Roosevelt to run again "regard
less of his personal desires.”
"He is patriotic to the Nation and
to his party,” Senator Norris said.
“A general can't quit in the middle
of a battle and the President always
has been a party man.”
Rankin Raps Willkie.
In a statement, Representative
Rankin, Democrat, of Mississippi
said that the Nation's water power
would be turned over to "selfish in
terests to exploit at will” If Mr. Will
kie were elected.
"I am not surprised to note that
certain large owners of utility stocks
are jubilant at the nomination,” his
statement said. "They think that if
they can win the election they can
prevent us from squeezing the water
out of these utility stocks, breaking
up these useless holding companies
and stopping them from plundering
the unprotected consumers of elec
tric lights and power.”
Favors Occupying Bases
•BENTON, Ark., July 6 <JP).—
Col. Alvin M. Owsley of Muncie.
Ind., former Minister to Ireland and
a past national commander of the
American Legion, declared tonight
the United States “should immedi
ately occupy all strategic naval and
air bases in this hemisphere.”
“If this means war, let the enemy
make the most of it,” he told a
crowd attending Benton's American
ism celebration. '
Now Ready! C
It’* Dtliciout! ^
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Questioning of Aliens
Is Planned to Probe
Altitude Toward U. S.
Named as Director
Bt the Associated Press.
Allens may be requested to tell
what organizations they are affili
ated with and their general atti
tude toward democracy when they
register with the Federal Govern
Immigration officials, it was dis
closed yesterday, are endeavoring
to frame questions which will bring
out fundamental attitudes toward
the United States and other in
formation useful to the national
Under legislation enacted by
Congress last month, the 3,600,000
aliens in this country must register
by next January 1 and be finger
printed. Registration will begin
Simple Questions Planned.
A problem.in drafting the ques
tions, officials indicated, is to phrase
them so that desired information
will be obtained but without com
plicating the registration or em
barrassing those aliens who have
fitted themselves wholehearted into
the American way of life.
Solicitor General Biddle said re
cently that questions would be as
simple as possible. The demand for
simplicity, he said, springs partly
from a desire to avoid unnecessary
fears on the part of aliens and
partly from the problems of trans
lating and explaining.
Director to Study Questions.
Earl Harrison, Philadelphia law
yer whose appointment as director
of registration was announced Fri
day, will meet here today with other
Justice Department, immigration
service and post office officials to
go over the list of proposed ques
tions. Once given their tentative
approval, they will be submitted to
Mr. Biddle, whom Attorney General
Jackson has designated to co-ordi
nate the immigration service with
the other Justice Department units.
The Alien Registration Act lists
■several basic questions to be asked
of the aliens and authorizes in
quiries concerning “such additional
matters as may be prescribed by
the commissioner (of immigration!,
with the approval of the Attorney
The basic questions cover date and
place of entry, length of intended
stay, activities engaged in or con
templated and criminal record, if
Penalties for failure to register,
or for giving false information,
range up to *1.000 fine and six
months in jail.
Coast Guard Searches
For Ship Gone 30 Days
By the Associated Press.
NEW YORK. July 8.—Coast
Guard headquarters today radioed
its ships on neutrality patrol to
keep a lookout for the auxiliary
schooner Chance, unreported since
leaving here 30 days ago for San
Juan, Puerto Rico, and the South
Sea Isles with a crew of 16 men and
women, most of them recent grad
uates of the University of Chicago.
Comdr. John S. Baylis said rela
tives of those aboard the ship had
expressed concern for the 76-foot
The Chance, owned by Christopher
Sergei, playwright, is bound on a
Satko Family Sails
North From Ketchikan
B> the Associated Press.
KETCHIKAN, Alaska, July 6 —
Paul Satko and his family sailed
north today on his Ark of Juneau
after a three-week stay here.
Seeking a permanent home in the
Northland for his wife and seven
children. Satko said his first stop
would be at Anan Creek, 60 miles
from here, and that he might look
for a site there to build a cabin.
His wife is an expectant mother.
Texans Beat Pacifists
SELSBEE. Tex., July 6 <&).—An
angry' crowd of men today took four
members of a religious sect from
the automobile of Sheriff Ebb Bur
gess and beat them.
The quartet, whose pacifist litera
ture had been burned by the sheriff,
was ordered to leave town.
To Government Space
7,500 square feet
of floor space, vicinity of
11th tr F Sts. N.W.
Available for GOVERNMENT Use.
Phone ME. 9251
For Sale or Rent
8 Rooms, 4 Bedrooms
Rear View 5330 Moorland Lane In
beantifnl Ridcemoor. Md.
Engliih Cottage Type Haute
• Servant's room over sarare
• Larae recreation room
• Outdoor features unsurpassed
• 3 fireplaces
• Lily pool
• Plate alass windows
• Oil burner heat
Phone Col. Wm. E. Fsrthlna,
Wla. 6568. for appointment.
Available Auaust 1 to new tenant.
This property to be sold or rented at
or.ee—available Aua. It owner or
representative on property. At Edae
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and Moorland Lane. Edaemoor, Md.
0. H. BENSON, Owner
HEADS ALIEN CHECK—Earl
G. Harrison, Philadelphia at
torney, whose appointment to
head Federal registration and
fingerprinting of aliens was
announced Friday. The pro
gram will not be a "witch
hunt," he emphasized.
* —A. P. Wirephoto.
Mrs. Norton Heads
Committee to Advise
Party on Platform
Advisory Unit Includes
Mrs. David T. Brown
Of Democratic Club
Representative Norton of New
Jersey heads a new Advisory Com
mittee of 18 leading Democratic
women appointed last night to help 1
the Resolutions Committee of the
Democratic National Convention ob-1
tain a feminine viewpoint on the
Membership of the committee. ;
which will meet in Chicago July 13,
two days before the convention, in
cludes Mrs. David Tucker Brown of
Alexandria. Va., president of the
Women's National Democratic Club
of Washington. The committee will
be styled after a similar group
which in 1936 put over most of its
eight-point program ranging from
peace to housing.
This year's committee will seek to
co-ordinate feminine opinion in an
ticipation of the convention, ac
cepting the Democratic National
Committee’s recommendation that
women be given equal representa
tion on the Platform Committee.
The committee, as announced by
Mrs. Dorothy McAllister, director of
the women's division of the Demo
cratic National Committee, includes,
in addition to Mrs. Norton and Mrs.
Representative O'Day, New York;
Mrs. Nan Wood Honevman, former
Representative from Oregon; Mrs.
Henry Goddard Leach. New York;
Miss Josephine Roche, Denver; Mrs.
James H. Wolfe. Salt Lake City; Mrs.
Thomas E. Workman, Los Angeles;
Mrs. Verda Barnes, St. Anthony,
Idaho; Dr. Marguerite Hertz. Cleve
land; Mrs. Albert Thomas, Auburn,
Ala.: Mrs. George Neese Clark,
Richland. Kans., national commit
teewom^n; Mrs. Carlton H. Palmer,
Fairfield, Conn.; Mrs. Charles W.
Tillett, Charlotte. N. C.; Mrs. David
Terry. Little Rock. Ark.; Mrs. Jud
son H. Collier. Mumford, Tex.; Mrs.
William H. Good. New York, and
Miss Josephine Schain, New York.
Killed in Jersey
To Be Returned
Mr. and Mrs. R. F. Trimmer
Die in Accident on Way
To World's Fair
Plans to return the bodier of
Mr. and Mrs. Richard Frank Trim
mer, 3701 Twenty-sixth street Nl,
parents of eight children, who were
killed in a traffic accident near
Hightstown, N. J.. yesterday, were
being made there last night by one
of their six daughters.
Miss Cali Trimmer, oldest of the
children, left for Hightstown shortly
after the accident occurred. Two
of the children, Ann, 18. and Doris,
13, a student at Taft Junior High
School, were badly injured in the
mishap, which occurred about one
mile north of Hightstown. They
were taken to a Trenton (N. J.)
Mr. Trimmer's son. Richard John,
was driving the car when it col
lided head-on with a truck. Young
Trimmer, who operates a sign pos
ter business, was treated at the
scene for minor injuries. The fam
ily was en route to the New York
World's Fair for the week end. A
passenger in the truck was slightly
Mr. Trimmer, who was 70. was a
linotype operator at the Govern
ment Printing Office. He and his
family had lived here about 18
years. Mrs. Trimmer was 41.
Besides those mentioned, the other
Trimmer children are Janet, pupil
at Taft Junior High; Mary, Tech
High, and Jean and Arthur, pupils
at John Burroughs Elementary
School. Mr. Trimmer ilso is sur
vived by a brother, Arthur Trimmer
of Belair, L. I.
OPENINGS FOR TWO
Goodyear Tire & Robber Co.
CONN, fir N N.W.
Mr. J. R. Cusirk. factory represent
ative, will interview men from 10*2
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