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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, July 07, 1940, Image 5

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Conquering Fuehrer
Rides on Carpet of
Flowers in Berlin
Hitler, Back From War,
Given Unprecedented
Welcome by Capital
Bv LOITIS P. LOCHNER,
Associated Press War Correspondent.
BERLIN. July 6.—Adolf Hitler
came back from his conquests today
to ride across a vast carpet of flowers
and hear the tumult of a welcome
such as Berlin had never seen
before.
The proportions of this home
coming were Napoleonic—the press,
in fact, in an article written by
Hitler's own press-ahief. Dr. Otto
Dietrich, compared the Fuehrer to
both Napoleon and Caesar.
I have ridden behind Hitlef many
times—at Nurnberg party conven
tions. when he entered Danzig last
September, when he returned vic
torious from the Austrian Anschluss.
There always has been enthusi
asm. but today it was different.
The distinguishing feature was
the complete abandon with which
the population cheered, waved flags
and cried “Heil.”
I had a feeling that those hun
dreds of thousands who lined the
streets were happy, at long last, to
have a chance to blow off steam.
The Norwegian campaign had
come and gone and yet Berlin con
tinued its -wartime, work-day
existence.
Holland and Belgium were con
quered, but nothing beyond a dis
play of flags was arranged.
Paris fell, France asked for an
armistice, and Hitler had the satis
faction of meeting its representa
tives in the same railway car in
Compeigne Forest where Marshal
Foch, in 1918. dictated the terms.
Again nothing happened in Ber
lin. beyond 10 days of flag raising
and the daily tolling of church bells.
Like Busman's Holiday.
But today it was like a vast bus
man's holiday. I rode in a car
behind Hitler's with four other
newspaper correspondents, from An
halter station to the chancellery.
No one, unless he happened to
stand before the chancellery when
Hitler got there and saw the
wounded veterans of Hitler's cam- j
paigns. lined up in a place of honor
below his balcony, would have
thought Germany still was fighting :
a war.
While bands blared and church
bells peeled, Hitler, standing in
his car, smiled and saluted.
Flowers of every kind and color
carpeted his path. Thousands had 1
, brought flowers, despite the order
that they must not throw them in
the Fuehrer's car. The police had
them piled in the streets and, a few
minutes before Hitler's train pulled
into the station from the west,
uniformed Hitler boys and Hitler
girls scattered them eagerly from
curb to curb.
The predominant note of the
triumphal ride was military.
To be sure, cabinet ministers and j
party leaders rode in the triumphal
parade, headed by the Fuehrer.
There even was Dr. Hjalmar1
Schacht, who once piloted Ger-4
many's finances, paired strangely
enough in a limousine with the Nazi-J
philosopher Alfred Rosenberg, but'
Dr. Schacht cut a curious figure in !
his high choker collar and slouch 1
hat in the midst of the brilliant
uniforms.
Throughout, too. non-military
dignitaries were ranged behind men
like Field Marshal Hermann Goer
ing. Grand Admiral Eric Raeder,
Col. Gens. Walther von Brauchitsch
and Wilhelm Keitel.
Makes Two Appearances.
Hitler- did not speak, either at
the station or at the chancellery.
He made two silent, smiling appear
ances on the chancellery balcony,
and the police had to clean the
Wilhelmplatz later because the peo
ple wouldn’t go away.
There was this other outstanding
impression of my drive: The realiza
tion tha* Germany still has enor
mous reserves of manpower for her
fight on England.
The companies of troops before
the station and along the route
never, apparently, have been to the
front.
More than that, fresh, massed
manpower presented itself in storm
troop and Schultz Staffel forma
tions. labor battalions. Nazi motor
troops, numerous types of civil
service employes, railwaymen, street
car men and in the older classes of ,
Hitler youths.
In one respect this homecoming i
was true to tradition—“Hitler weath- j
er” prevailed.
The sun shone hot and bright— i
so hot, in fact, that many people !
collapsed.
Hitler came to the capital well
ahead of Italian Foreign Minister
Count Galeazzo Ciano, who is due
to arrive tomorrow.
It is understood that the visit is
in the main a demonstration of the
solidarity of the axis.
Count Ciano is likely to go to
the Western Front, whence Hitler
came today, after visiting Berlin.
Rumanian Ship Captain
Sued in U. S. for Wages
B> the Associated Press.
CHARLESTON. S. C.. July 6.—
The master of the Rumanian steam
ship Prahova. having just experi
enced difficulties w'hen 23 of his
crew of 30 staged a sit-down strike
because of salary trouble, had a new
worry on his hands today when Ru
dolph Sass, listed on the crew as
a donkey man, filed a libel suit
against him and the vessel in the
United States District Court.
The libellant asks that the vessel
be condemned and sold so the wages
he “has earned can be paid.’’ The
papers were served on Capt. Alex
ander Tiufiaeff, the master, today.
So long as the wages remain un
paid the ship may not sail.
According to the suit she was
scheduled to leave here July 9 for
an unannounced destination. The
Prahova has been in port since June
23 discharging a cargo of fertilizer
loaded in Spain.
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BERLIN.—HITLER RECEIVES BERLIN OVATION—This pic
ture, sent by radio from Berlin to New York last night, shows,
according to the German caption, Adolf Hitler (standing) as
he returned to Berlin to receive the acclaim of the population,
who greeted him as a conquering hero. Gen. Wilhelm Keitel
(left, rear seat), chief of the high command of the German
Army, was among the officers accompanying Hitler.
_ —A. P. Wirephoto.
Nazis Spurn 5 Points
Of Peace Declared
Vital by Roosevelt
Show Cleavage Between
U. S. and Authoritarian
States, Germans Say
By the Associated Press.
BERLIN, July 6.—President
Roosevelt's expression of five points
necessary for peace among nations
merely shows again what a vast
cleavage there is between the view
point of the United States President
and that of the authoritarian states,
informed German sources said to
day.
Further, these sources said, since
the United States is not involved
in the European War, it hardly is
conceivable that she expects to par
ticipate in peace negotiations that
will end the conflict.
Hence. Mr. Roosevelt's remarks
must be regarded, they said, as
designed for home consumption.
Yesterday at Hyde Park the Pres
ident outlined his principles for
peace as:
1. Freedom of information, knowl
edge and press.
2. Freedom of religion.
3. Freedom of expression.
4. Freedom from fear of attack
and threats of aggression.
5. Freedom from want; greatest
possible cultural and commercial
intercourse among nations.
Hamstringing of Press Cited.
Freedom of the press as outlined
by the President exists practically
nowhere, these informed Germans
asserted, because finance, industry, j
political parties, labor and other
interests all work to hamstring the
press.
Freedom to express any Opinion,
they pointed out. may be possible
in a country with wide spaces like
the United States, but in closely
crowded areas like the German
Reich it is impossible to permit
everybody to say what he thinks.
Twenty years of free expression
under the German republic, these
sources claimed, led only to 8,000.
000 unemployed and to destruction
of religion ,and morals.
The German people, they held,
are perfectly happy to have the
man who shoulders the responsibil
ity for Germany's fate also deter
mine its opinion.
Let America think as it desires
about freedom of opinion—but let
it also refrain from interfering with
the European way of doing things,
these commentators declared.
Washington's Silence Hit.
In another expression pertaining
to the American scene, Adolf Hal
felcl, who usually reflects Wilhelm
strasse opinion, commented sharply
in the Hamgurger Fremdenblatt that
Washington was remaining silent
about "the danger of open hostili
ties” off the French island of Mar
tinique.
(At Fort de France, Martinique,
the French Admiralty said British
cruisers have been seen off the
coast for two days. Secretary of
State Hull declined comment on
an unofficial report that Britain
was establishing a blockade to
prevent movement of French
naval units or planes from Mar
tinique. The British have de
nied it.)
"Endangering of American secur
ity by Germany and Italy is the sin
gle prescription by tvhich the United
States, under the spokesmanship of
its President, can employ to justify
its armaments program,” Halfeld
wrote.
"European powers which main
tain no possessions outside Europe,
and especially in America, are pro
vided with officious warnings against
encroachments in the Western
Hemisphere. England, however,
may wave its flag in the neighbor
hood of the life vein of the United
States—the Panama Canal.”
Fannie Hurst Convalescing
NEW YORK, July 6 <yP).—Novelist
Fannie Hurst was convalescing in a
hospital today from an appendec
tomy performed several days ago.
Dr. A. A. Berg said her condition
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Rumania
(Continued From First Page )_
Gigurtu declared: “We will never
forget ...”
Jewish Songs Forbidden.
Iron Guard Leader Horia Sima,
Minister of Culture in the new gov
ernment, forbade Jewish actors and
musicians to perform in public and
prohibited the playing of Jewish
songs and music.
It was announced also that Max
Ausnit. Rumanian steel and muni
tions millionaire, must serve a six
year prison sentence and pay a fine
of 250,000,000 lei. (The nominal
value of the lei is about 9.13 cents.
Ausnit, a Jew who recentlv em
braced Christianity, and one of Ru
mania’s leading industrialists, was
put in custody last November in an
investigation of allegedly illegal for
eign currency operations and was
displaced as director of Resitza, Ru
mania's munitions trust.
Although Gigurtu spoke of a “mi
nority,” it was said in his behalf
that his denunciation was of the
Jewish people.
The Premier told the country that
the government had “decided in the
future to collaborate in close contact
with all those minorities which loy
ally enter into the life of Rumania."
“I do not consider as a minority
of this category,” he added, “those
who have repaid our good will with
hate and idle words. We will never
forget and we will not tolerate the
people of Rumania forgetting the
attitude which the jninority to
which I allude had in our last hours
of trial.”
Warning Seen in Remarks.
Foreign diplomatic quarters In
terpreted the speech as a warning of
severe anti-Semitic measures to
come.
Gigurti declared that the inclu
sion "of our foreign policy in that
of the Rome-Berlin axis is now an
accomplished fact." saying that this
"new orientation has become still
more necessary by our domestic pol
icy and our integral nationalism.”
Gigurti began his broadcast with
the statement:
"Our first and most holy duty in
these difficult times is to carry out
the commands of our King in every
respect.”
This was interpreted as meaning
that King Carol's position is solid
and that he is not going to abdi
cate, as has been reported elsewhere
in the Balkans.
He gave a hint of confirmation to
reports that his cabinet is planning
extensive nationalization of indus
tries, including petroleum, remark
ing:
“Our national economy will un
dergo great changes. It must be
immediately and completely fitted
into the new orientation of the
country, which in turn will corre
spond to the new orientation of
Europe.”
Last night squads of police pa- i
trolled the streets of Bucharest and
frontier forces in the North and
South of Rumania were being fur
ther strengthened.
There was no fresh indication of
the Reich's attitude toward Ru
mania, following the formation of
its new, avowedly pro-German gov
ernment, but diplomatic circles ex- :
pressed belief that the entire Balkan ;
situation may be clarified after i
Count Galeazzo Ciano of Italy con- |
fers in Berlin today with Fuehrer
Adolf Hitler.
Rumania's new government issued
the first of what is expected to be
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.1
a long series of anti-Semitic laws as
90,000 Rumanians, the rear guard
of the Jewish migration, crossed
into Russian-occupied Bessarabia.
Discussion was reported going on
between Berlin and Moscow about
another tremendous transplanting
of peoples—the return of 100.000
German Rumanians from Soviet
occupied territory to the Reich.
Thirty expelled British oilmen,
two of them heads of American con
cerns, left Constanta by freighter
for Egypt. Many other Britons were
departing voluntarily.
The first anti-Semitic law forbade
any public weighing machines to be
operated by any one except a mem
ber of the new totalitarian party,
from which Jews automatically are
excluded.
, The new Minister of Education
announced that the German lan
guage henceforth will be featured
in Rumanian schools.
Rumania's Jews number more
than half a million.
La Follette Sees U. S.
Put on Road to War
B: the Associated Press.
CHICAGO, July 6.—Philip F. La
Follette, former Progressive Gover
nor of Wisconsin, contended tonight
that Democratic and Republican
leaders “have taken this unprepared
Nation a long way down the road to
war.”
"Those who now lead the Repub
lican party, as well as the Demo
cratic, are telling us that our first
line of defense is in Britain and
France,” he set forth in a prepared \
radio address. If these Republican !
and Democratic policies continue, |
and if the war lasts, they will have
us in it. If they do, we shall be as
unprepared as Britain or France.” j
Gov. La Follette opined that;
the Allies' difficulties stemmed from
"the disastrous idea that money
can buy anything, even the defense
of a nation. He added:
“America will not begin her de
fense until we restore health,
strength and self-respect to our
people—until every American is
fired with a burning faith in our !
country that will make each of us ,
gladly pledge our honor, our for
tune. and our lives for the defense
of the United States.”
Britain May Requisition
Parts of Automobiles
By the Associated Press.
LONDON, July 6.—British motor
ists must dismantle their automo
biles and hand over parts of the mo
tors to authorities if ordered to do so,
a Ministry of Transport order said
today.
The order also empowers regional
commissioners to forbid the use of
any kind of vehicle on roads in dis
tricts where an invasion occurs.
Vehicles may be put out of action
with the double object of render
ing them useless to the enemy and
to prevent the start of a huge ref
ugee trek such as hindered Allied
armies in France and Belgium.
Union Conferences
Allowed on Army Boats
By the Associated Press.
MEMPHIS, Tenn., July 6.—Na
tional Maritime <C. I. 6.) Union
employes of the United States Army
Engineers may hold union meetings
on Government boats as the result
of a Memphis district labor case
ruling.
Reinstating five Negro workers
discharged for making allegedly 1
false statements to Congressmen, |
Brig. Gen. Thomas R. Robins, as- j
sistant to the chief of engineers,
made these rulings affecting all
union employes on the 2,300 vessels
under the Engineer Corps:
1. Union meetings may be held on j
Government boats on employes’
time, if the sessions are open and
do not interfere with operations: j
(2) men receiving subsistence and
quarters, when absent with due no
tice, no longer must pay for meals
they do not eat; (3) all efficiency j
ratings of employes will be made
public.
After the five Negroes complained
they were working more than regu
lation 44 hours a week, the Memphis 1
district labeled the assertions false
and discharged the workers. The
three rulings resulted from com
plaints employes made at a subse
quent hearing before an Army board.
1
18 Saved From Vessel
Torpedoed by Nazis
By the Associated Press.
LA CORUNA. Spain. July 6.—
Three fishing boats reached here
today with 18 survivors of the Pan
amanian ship Santa Margarita
(unlisted In Lloyds>, which was tor
pedoed by a German submarine off
this port Tuesday. Twenty-one of
the crew are missing.
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W. P. A. Writers Plan
Series of Factbooks
With the last of the W. P. A.
State Guide Books now nearing
the publication stage, Unemployed
writers are next to be assigned the
task of compiling a series of State
Factbooks, Mrs. Florence Kerr, as
sistant commissioner, announced
yesterday.
The new boks will be encyclo
pedias of useful information about
each State in the Union and will
be produced in the same manner as
other publications of the W. P. A.
writers' program. It is estimated
a year will lapse before the first
book is published.
J. D. Newson, national director of
the unemployed writers, said the
predominant demand is for "com
prehensive, inexpensive” Factbooks
of a type permitting frequent re
vision. The Guide Books for the
most part were profusively illustra
ted and priced generally above the
reach of a wide reading public.
The Factbooks, it was said, will
contain much information of the
kind usually found in almanacs,
such as statistical data bearing on
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biographies of public officials and
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Fire Strikes Famous
Tucker Bird Sanctuary
By the Associated Piece.
SANTA ANA, Calil., July 6.—Fire
on the B. F. Tucker estate, na
tionally famous as a humming bird
sanctuary, today destroyed Mr.
Tucker s home and many rare -books
and records he had willed to the
Audubon Society.
Mr. Tucker said he feared several
hundred birds in the nearby gardens
also had been burned to death. He
estimated the loss, not counting the
books and records, at about $7,000.
Mr. Tucker, a retired Los Angeles
and Long Beach banker, put a
beaker of sugared water for hum
ming birds outside his home 17 years
ago. So many birds appeared he
placed additional beakers about and
began feeding other birds until now
there are scores of beakers. Prom
6.000 to 8,000 birds of as many as
98 species cohgregate in the vicinity
in the summertime.
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