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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, July 07, 1940, Image 9

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American Industry
Speeds Up to l£eet
Totalitarian Pace
Men, Money, Machines
Poured Into Gigantic
Task of Rearmament
(Continued From First Page.)
cal items of materiel, where it can
be absorbed by industry, promotes
the broadening of the base of pro
duction and stimulates the rapidity
with which such articles can be
turned out.”
Army Started With $47,000,000. ?
Here are some of the things which
the Army, Navy ajid industry, with
out waiting on the recently-created
Defense Commission, have done in
broadening the production base:
First, the Army. It started the
congressional season with a modest
grant of $47,000,000 for critical sup
In the list were such things as
131.789 semi-automatic rifles which
it hoped to acquire by June. 1942:
744 new anti-tank guns, to be de
livered in June, 1941; 144 new 90
millimeter anti-aircraft guns. Sep
tember. 1940, and 392 light tanks,
June, 1941.
That, list was compiled only last
May 1. Today it’s wholly out of
date. Congress has since provided
nearly a billion dollars for new Army
equipment, not including planes,
for which a 50.000 goal has been set.
Col. James H. Burns, procurement
expert in the War Department, says:
"Three important steps have been
taken to increase productive ca
"1. The placing of large orders
with arsenals and commercial plants
• • *. (Congress has provided mil
lions for “large orders.”)
"2. Creation of additional capacity
to fill the gaps and deficiencies of
present productive capacity * • *.
(The Government is putting up
perhaps $432,000,006 to expedite
arms production.)
“3. Preparation of existing indus
tries through planning and through
educational orders and factory plans
for the further production needed
for a more extensive effort. ($30,
000.000 is forthcoming for industrial
Additional Capacity Needed.
"But, says Col. Bums, “if we in
tend to prepare this country for a
major national defense effort within
the next two years, a further step
is vitally necessary, we must start
at once the creation of additional
capacity * *
Capacity is “negligible,” he says,
in such items as ammunition, fire
control, tanks, armor, airplanes, en
gines. Capacity for high explosives
is 20 to 30 million pounds a year,
as compared with 100 million at the
end of the World War. Aircraft
capacity, doubled in the last year,
must be doubled again or trebled
to reach 50.000 planes a year.
For such a major effort, Col.
‘Burns told Congress, $558,000,000
should be spent on ordnance plants,
$35,500,000 on chemical warfare
plants, $5,500,000 on Quartermaster
Corps plants, and $364,000,000 on
aircraft factories—a total of $963,
000,000, of which $597,000,000 would
be needed for tools and equipment."
The moment Congress passed an
11 per cent naval expansion bill
this spring, the Navy was ready to
launch the program. It was given
68 ships to build and expects to see
them all afloat early in 194^
Money "Bottleneck” Eliminated.
Now the program nas been ex
panded again, and Congress has ap
proved a plan for nearly doubling
the Navy's tonnage and making it
In six years the greatest fleet the
world has ever seen.
When asked by Congress what the
principal "bottleneck” in naval ship
building was, Rear Admiral Samuel
M. Robinson promptly said, "Mon
ey.” Next he put labor, and third,
The money is assured now by
ft $4,000,000,000 authorization for
doubling of the fleet.
Before that stunning amount was
even whispered navy yards were
ordered to proceed to a two-shift
basis, with three shifts in view, and
to add 15,000 men to their civilian
forces of 28,800 within three months.
It would take nine months "to get
the full effect” of three shifts, said
Admiral Robinson, but "we will be
feeling the effect of it from the
Duplication Saves Building Time.
With ample money, he said, the
Navy could cut six or seven months
from the four years it takes to
build a battleship. On some ships,
he added, it also could save eight
months by duplicating ships already
built. Duplication, he added, “is
an integral part of the new pro
Also an integral part was the
authority to negotiate contracts for
ships without waiting months for
competitive bids—authority which
retiring Secretary of the Navy Edi
son gained from Congress in the
last week of his term, after three
years of trying.
As for facilities, the eight navy
yards and seven civilian yards in
the United States now have 62 ways
which are being or have been used
for the construction of warships.
There are 11 for battleships, which
take four years to build; 17 for
cruisers, three years; 25 for de
stroyers, two to three years, and 9
for submarines, two to two and one
. half years.
Aircraft Carriers Planned.
Among the 200 ships in the $4,
000.000,000 program might be nine
battleships, five aircraft carriers
(which require battleship ways), 24
cruisers, 122 destroyers and 22 sub
Present yards cannot now build
so many ships in six years. How
ever, the Navy soon expects to have
Not greasy—sticky or gritty.
Keeps you Fresh as f. Daisy.
Regular 4
60c Jar_5*
*' K
THREE—Janet Gaynor, ac
tress wife of Film Designer
Gilbert Adrian, gave birth to
a son yesterday. The child
was named Robbin Adrian.
They were married last year
in Yuma, Ariz.
$250,000,000 to stimulate ship pro
duction by purchasing and financing
new equipment for yards.
In addition, the naval expansion
bill was planned to provide for new
gun factories placed safely inland
and for increased armor plate con
President Roosevelt indicated that
some of the construction money
itself would go into expanding
Private industry was tied up with
the Government activity in a thou
sand ways. War orders from Britain
and France had given it a head
start in expanding to meet military
and naval needs.
Striding through the ice-cool cor
ridors of the white marble palace
that the Federal Reserve occupies,
tall, broad" and ruddy William
Knudsen symobilized the new link
between Washington and the indus
trial cities with their smoke
smudged plants.
Self-Sealing Tanks to Be Built.
From those cities last week came
messages like these:
Baltimore—Glenn Martin division
just equiped to manufacture self
sealing gasoline tanks for airplanes.
Indianapolis—Marmon - Herring
ton, makers of all-wheel-drive ve
hicles, tractors and tanks, to double
floor space. Allison Engineering
erecting large airplane motor plant.
Milwaukee—Kearney & Trecker,
milling machine firm sending much
of its output to aviation factories,
has finished $1,500,000 expansion,
increasing capacity 100 per cent;
doubling pay roll.
Joplin, Mo.—Atlas powder plant
to double capacity August 1.
Buffalo, N. Y.—Bell Aircraft
doubling floor space and pay roll
for manufacture of interceptor air
planes. Curtiss Aeroplane manpower
doubled in past year; further expan
sion expected.
Cincinnati—Durable goods and
machine tool industries centering
in this area and lower Miami Val
ley spending upwards of $1,000,000.
Aeronautical Corp. of America,
which moved from Cincinnati
to Middletown to gain 100 per cent
more floor space less than a month
ago, planning another 100 per cent
increase to permit output of 2,500
light planes a year.
Watch Plant Makes Fuses.
Newport News, Va.—Newport
News Shipbuilding & Drydock ex
pects additions to its 11,000-man
pay roll.
Chicago—Elgin Watch tooling to
produce time fuses for shells, be
ginning at end of year.
Detroit—Automobile men study
airplane engines for “production
line” handling.
Charleston, W. Va.—Renovating
naval ordnance plant. Expanding
Kanawha Valley chemical plants.
International Nickel adding $250,000
machine shop at Huntington.
Nashville, Tenn.—New $1,000,000
aviation manufacturing corporation
plant now employs 400, with 300
in training and expects to increase
to 1,000; can make 90 light obser
On Your
V acation
fbe ,
vation planes a month, besides com
mercial .ships.
Chicago—Twenty-six plants start
enlargements costing $6,500,000. '
Forging Facilities Increased.
Newark, N. J.—Wright Aeronau
tical Corp. newly opened plant to
turn out 1,000 plane motors month
ly: now employs about 10.000.
Pittsburgh—Mesta Machine Co.
completing $1,000,000 enlargement of
forging facilities.
Memphis, Tenn.—Du Pont $30,
000,000 powder plant, financed by
Allies, under construction: to in
clude 100 buildings covering 2,400
Hartford. Conn —Pratt &. Whitney
(engine) division of United Air
craft spending $8,000,600 on expan
sion. Pratt & Whitney division of
Nlles-Bement-Pond Co., machine
tool firm of Hartford, recently, built
$2,000,000 building, adding 1,200 new
workers. Colt Firearms just leased
100,000 square feet at Hartford to
accommodate increased business.
Seattle—Navy pushing $4,500,000
drydock at Puget Sound to comple
tion within a month. Builders
working around the clock also on
another drydock there.
Los Angeles—Aluminum Co. of j
America tripling plant to turn out;
castings, forgings and rivets for air
planes. Aircraft factories expanding.
Welfare Fund Established
ATLANTA, July 6 WP).—A $1,000,
000 trust fund for the promotion
of religious, educational and health
projects was created in the.will, pro
bated today, of John Bulow Camp
bell, Atlanta capitalist. Mr. Camp
bill died last week while on a busi
ness trip to Baltimore.
Easy terms gladly arranged.
*• * For little
more than the price
of an ordinary piano
you may become the
delighted owner of this
superb Knabe
• • •
Incomparable beauty of
tone sings from every
one of its 88 notes
and its case of ma
hogany finish ac
centuates the
daintiness of
its design.
SAMPLE SALE OF 1.59 to 2.99
• Bobby Suits
• Baby Dresses
• Toddler Dresses
• Baby Boy Creepers
• Pillow Cases
Bey*' er Girl*'
Overall* fir
Jackets . . .
Silver spun
rayon and cot
ton in multi
color stripes.
Sizes 2 to 6.
38c n
Girls' fr Boy*'
59c Sun Suit*.
Seer suckers,
crinkle crepes,
cotton brood -
cloths, piques,
printed per
cales. Sizes 1
to 6.
Girl.' Rofuler 1.15
Sun Suit, and Sun
Dreue*. Piques,
crinkle crepes (no
ironing necessary I,
checked percales,
printed broodclsth.
Sizes I to 6.
Hand made and hand embroidered! Hand scal
loped! With dainty lace trims, contrasting pip
ings. Of sheer cotton batiste and broadcloth.
For infants lo 2 years.
• Toddlers’ • Sun Suits
Dresses • Baby Boy
• Baby Dresses Creepers
Hand made, hand embroidered.
White and pastel shades. Dresses
of fine batiste; creepers and sun
suits of broadcloth. Infants to
2 years. Baby Sale Price . , .
V/i /
Twining Pont*
. . . Fine
combed cot
ton; yoke
front. Elastic
back. Sizes 1
to 6.
Baaeh Capa*
.. . H e a v y
fluff of cotton
c h e n i 11 e on
sturdy muslin.
Medium size
for 3 to 6-ers.
68c ^
Boys' or Girls' Hog.
1.15 Sports Tops
. . . Jackets, sun
suits, Short - alls,
overalls of postel
cottons ond san
forized cotton gab
ardines. For sea
shore, country, city
wear. Sizes I to 6.
ORIGINAL 1.95 and
t i
Special purchase from one of our
better makers ... a once-a-season
"buy" . . . plus dresses from regu
lar stock. Organdies, dotted Swiss,
hanky lawn and tissue ginghams.
Flare, waistline and Princess styles
. . . with lace, ribbon or embroidery
trim. Pastel shades. Made with
deep hems. Sizes 3 to 6 years.
A '
f .. N
j' , - i I
kr ^
• "
I "v-v :>v
1.99 to 3.99 tobies' Wool , , „ , j . „ .
Knitted Showh — - 97C tO 1,97 P
1.99 Br 2.99 tobies' Knitted 4=
Hood sbewh... 97e to 1*47
1.15 Knitted Blankets & Shewls f?e
US to 1.99 tobies' Sweaters - 57c to 97c J
U5 to 2.99 Tots' <3 to 61 y*
Sweeten ... 57c to 1.47
US to 1.95 Tots' Swim Seits
(wool (r rayon!-.-. 57c ro 97e
59c toys' Last** Shorts- 29c
79c to 1.15 toys' Wool 6 Lost**
Shorts-—.. 39c to 57c ■ ^ : j
Acm* Muslin Quilted Pads
19c reg. 1 7x1 8 in._14e
39c reg. 18x34 in_28*
59c reg. 27x40 in_38c
Fruit of the Loom Muslin
Quilted Pads
39c reg. 17x18 in_24*
$1 reg. 27x40 in... ...84c
$1 Esmond Crib Blanket* . . .
36x50-in. crib size; sateen
bound; nursery designs,
$5.95 Rayon Taffeta Com
fort* . . . Down filled; pink
or blue or two tones; baby
crib size_3.99
3.95 Rayon Satin Crib Com
fort* ... 10% wool, 90%
cotton filled comforts; pink,
blue or two tone_2.99
39c Kapok Filled Baby Pil
low* . . . Sateen tops; pin*
or blue; 12x16 in_23c
Feather and Down Baby Pil
low* . . . Sateen top; 12x
16 in.; pink or blue..78c
, All Dawn Fillad ‘Baby Pil
low* . . . Sateen top;
12x16; pink or blue..97e
1.25 Iimond Crib Blanket*
. . . Rayon satin bound;
36x50 in. Plain colors or
figured patterns; pink or
Cannon Gauze Pads, 4-lover
thickness, 17x18 inch, 25c
18x34 inch (carrioge or
bassinet size)_35c
Cannon Gause Diapers . . .
Ready for use; 1 doz. to
package _1.45.

Birdseye Diapers ... All ready
hemmed; 1 doz. to pcck
age _94c
Cannon Knit Diapers ... 1
doz. to package ..._$1
Cannon Wash Cloths and
Towels; 2 wash cloths in
Knit Towels .. .16x22 in., 19c
36x36-ln. Turkish Towel, 48c
Absorbent Cotton ... in neat
container _ 19c
Aluminum Bottle Steriliser'
. . . can sterilize 6 or 7
bottles _1.99
59c Comb and Brush Seti ...
Hand pointed sets for in
fants _48c
Electric Bottle Warmers . . .
With wooden handles, 99c
Hand Scalloped Gertruda
Petticoats .. . Fine batiste,
Gertruda Petticoats . . . Hand
embroidered batistes..38c
Cotton-Knit Nightgowns . . .
tie-string style for new
babies _58e
Toddlers' 59c Crepe Pajamas
. . . One piece, self-help
bock; pastel cotton crepe,
Fine Quality Flannelettes . . .
Gertrudes, Kimonos, Gowns.
Each _ .37e
Toddlers' Overalls . . . Cot
ton seersucker; bib front;
2 to 6 years_44c
Hand Made Baby Drosses ...
Yoke effect or little collars; I
fine batiste_48c j
Beys' 79c Wash Suits ...
Sheer tops, broadcloth
pants. Pastels and street
shades. For baby bo>s
and 3 to 6ers-59c
6.75 Electric Bottle Steriliser
. . . Baby all-electric steri- \
lizer with nipple )ar and \
bottle brush _$5 1
Spring gear; convertible
drop front . . . suitable for
stroller. Reclining back; rear
storm curtoin.
Black or © QQ
grey. Oe77
_1ft . VZ/Z/iV
Washable wood tray;
safety strap; decorated
back panel. Sturdily
built of hard wood
finished in _ _
maple or 3 QQ
wax birch. 9*//
(Infants' and Children'! Shopi. Second noor. The Kecht Co.)
(3 far $1)
Pinafore etyle; fin*
pin check percale...
red or Mae. Sixes 1
to 4.
Button-on bolted
moduli; cop
sleeves; two-tone
effects. 2 to €
4.95 FIBRE
Rubber costers
and collapsible
legs for easy mov
ing; sturdy han
- Weighs to 30 pounds;
metol troy. Ivory,
or blue finishes.
. Mode by Detecto.
Roised off floor; -play
beads; closely se\ spin
dies. Folds compactly;
hard wood
finished ia
maple or 3 QQ
wax birch.
Full 'Size; wide decorated panels;
sturdy link steel spring. Mord
va wood finished in
maple or wax t OO
birch. /»//
' (InfAnts’ Furniture, Fourth Floor.) (■

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