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Weather Forecast d 7'
Mostly cloudy tonight and tomorrow; * Circulation Gains showers tomorrow, not much change in temperature. Temperatures today— The circulation of The Evening Highest, 83, at 2 p.m.; lowest, g2, at Star ls n 000 daily greal(!r than at From the United States Weather Bureau report. this time last year and 23,000 Full details on Page A-2. greater than 2 years ago. Closing N, Y Markets—Soles, Poge 14._' _up, Mean, A,,.ct.t.« p,e». 88th YEAR. No. 35,132. WASHINGTON, D. C., MONDAY, JULY 8, 1940—THIRTY-SIX PAGES. **** THREE CENTS. ~ ---— .. ""* """"""""" "" ——■■■ '■ ..-■ . - .. ■■■ ■ ■ .—.—I. ■ i . — _ Willkie Flying Here; Will Meet McNary Today Hamilton, Martin to Be in Campaign Setup, Capital Hears BULLETIN. NEW YORK (S’).—Wendell L. Willkie, Republican presidential nominee, left by plane at 1:30 p.m. today for Washington and his first meeting with his Tun ing mate, Senator McNary. Sev eral hundred persons paid a dime apiece to get vantage points at La Guardia Field to see him leave. He was roundly cheered. By J. A. O LEARY. Wendell L. Willkie, Republican nominee for President, will meet his running mate, Senator McNary of Oregon, for the first time at the Willard Hotel at 4 o'clock this after noon. it was decided in a telephone conversation this morning as Mr. Willkie prepared to leave New York by plane for the Capital. Latest reports at the Capitol were that the Republican campaign setup to be announced while Mr. Willkie is in Washington will include both John Hamilton, present chairman of the National Committee, and House Republican Leader Martin of Mas sachusetts. Aiinouga oenaiur iviuiM ai .v wm talk over campaign plans with the party's standard bearer late this afternoon, he will not be able be cause of other business to attend the dinner at the Willard tonight at which Mr. Willkie will meet Re publican members of the Huuse and Senate. The vice presidential nominee said he informed Representative Horton of Wyoming, in charge of arrange ments, his schedule would not make it possible for him to get to the dinner. White House Talk Unlikely. Stephen Early, presidential sec retary7, indicated that the White House would not take the initiative to arrange a conference between Mr. Willkie and President Roosevelt. Asked whether Mr. Willkie might come to the White House today, Mr. Early replied: “We haven’t had any request from him for an appointment or any word he'd like to come.” Delegation to Greet Willkie. A delegation of House and Senate Republicans, headed by Mr. Horton, went to the Washington Airport early this afternoon to greet Mr. Willkie, whose plane wras scheduled to arrive between 2:30 and 3 p.m. Some of the Republican non interventionists in Congress are ex pected to take advantage of Mr. Willkie's visit to urge the candidate to adopt a “keep-out-of-Europe” foreign policy. Senator Nye. Republican, of North Dakota, one of the leaders against American involvement in the war, is among those who plans to discuss the question with the nominee. Senator Thomas, Republican, of Idaho, another of the isolationists, said today he construes the plat form adopted at Philadelphia to mean that the United States “should not take its boys to Eu rope” and indicated he felt confi dent the Republican ticket- would keep within that definition of the platform. raney scneouieo lomorrow. The makeup of the Republican campaign organization, including appointment of a National Com mittee chairman, probably will not be settled until Mr. Wilikie meets at 9 o'clock tomorrow^ morning with the group of 12 National Commit tee members to whom the question was referred when the committee adjourned in Philadelphia a w-eek EgO. At that time the chairmanship was left open pending consultation with Mr. Wilikie. Since then the nominee has let it be known he was considering a tentative plan for a three-man campaign group, in ad dition to the regular National Com mittee. If this plan is finally adopted there have been strong indications Mr. Hamilton would continue as one of the three, directing the National Committee's work. Rumors have been going the rounds in political circles that Mr. Martin, who pre sided over the national convention, may be the campaign manager. Under this tentative program, the third member of the strategy board w-ould be a personal representative of Mr. Wilikie, whose function would be to co-ordinate the efforts of independent groups who favor his candidacy. It has been emphasized by those close to the nominee, however, that this type of campaign setup has not been finally agreed upon, and there is still the possibility that the customary method of campaign direction through the national Iirman may be decided upon. Ir. Wilikie is expected to leave shington some time tomorrow plane for Colorado, where he l spend two or three weeks rest up for the campaign, which l be launched with his speech acceptance at Elwood, Ind., about gust 1. illkie and Dewey scuss Campaign Plans JEW YORK, July 8 (^>1.—District :orney Thomas E. Dew'ey and ndell L. Wilikie met for the first le today and discussed Repub in campaign plans as the presi itial nominee hurried through a ind of conferences before leaving Washington. Mr. Dewey, who had talked on the telephone several times since the convention with his rival' for the nomination and offered his support, declined comment on his visit. Among other callers was Henry P. Fletcher, counsel for the Repub lican National Committee, and F. Trubee Davison, chairman of the United Republican Finance Com mittee for metropolitan New York. Mr. Wilikie arrived at his offices about 8:30 a.m. 'A Japanese Accusations a 'Lie,' U. S. Marine Commander Says Col. Peck Counters Charges That 15 Seized Gendarmes Were Mistreated By the Associated Press. SHANGHAI, July 8.—A Japanese accusation that United States ma rines had mistreated 15 Japanese plainclothes gendarmes arrested in the Shanghai defense area brought a prompt reply, “It’s a lie,” from Col. Dewitt Peck, marine commander in the area, today. A Japanese Army spokesman as serted the gendarmes were humili ated, clubbed and otherwise mis treated. This constituted a "grave insult to the Japanese Army,” he said, and "Japanese military au thorities will file a strong protest with the American authorities over this case.” Col. Peck, denying the charges, also classed as “a lie” any report that marines had pointed rifles at the gendarmes. He said the settle ment police had informed the ma rines armed civilians were in the defense sector, and had asked for guards against possible terrorist out rages. In every, case where Japanese were arrested, he added, they were pointed out by settlement police, but were taken into custody and dis armed by the marines. After the gendarmes had been arrested one was allowed to tele phone his headquarters and two Japanese officers came to marine headquarters and discussed the case, Col. Peck explained. Then MaJ. Gen. Saburo Miura, commander of the Japanese gendarmes, called on Col. Peck and apologized, after which the gendarmes were released. Col. Peck said he would decide whether to issue a formal statement after making a further study of the affair. "The Japanese were given exactly the same consideration and treat ment as any man we arrest, includ ing a medical examination,” the American commander said. Col. Peck reiterated that the leader of the Japanese gendarmes personally apologized to him, where upon the men were released. British Reject Demand Of Japanese to Close Burma Route to China Tokio Move to Halt Shipment of Arms Declared Groundless By the Associated Press. TOKIO. July 8.—Britain has re jected Japan's demands for closure of the route through British Burma to war supplies for the Chinese gov ernment. She asserted such action would be incompatible with Britain’s commitments to Burma and India, an authoritative source said tonight. British Ambassador Sir Robert ! Leslie Craigie today personally de livered the British reply to Foreign Minister Hachiro Arita. Sir Robert was reported to have i declared trade between the British j crown colony and the Chinese ! hinterland had been halted and, j therefore, there was no foundation for Japan's demands for the stop page of arms traffic by this route. Dissatisfaction Expressed. A foreign office communique said Arita expressed his government's "deep dissatisfaction" with the Brit ish reply and urged Sir Robert to advise London to reconsider. The Ambassador agreed to relay this message, the communique said. The foreign office made no men tion of another Japanese "request,” that British military units be with drawn from Shanghai, which Britain has under consideration. Informed persons believed further British-Japanese conferences would seek a compromise on the Burma route issue. A Japanese source said Sir Robert told Arita this question had "been considered.” but that it was "natur ally difficult” to prohibit legal trade since Burmese and Indian products were among the goods shipped into China. Closing of the route, he was re ported to have said, would mean substantial losses to Burmese and Indian merchants, which is con trary to British trade assurances to those countries. _According to this Japanese source, (See TOKIO, Page A-ll.) War Bulletins LONDON yp).—-The French Charge d'Affaires informed the British foreign office today that the French Embassy in London was withdrawing to France. This, apparently, indicated fulfillment of the French decision to break off diplomatic relations with Great Britain,‘although It was considered unlikely that the French Embassy would leave im mediately. BUCHAREST (/P).—The col lapse of Premier Ion Gigurtu's five-day-old pro-German cabinet appeared possible late today fol lowing the resignation of four Iron Guard members. Iron Guardists said the ministers re signed because the party wishes to have a cabinet composed solely of the Iron Guard. Samaria Brings 350 Refugee Children to U. S. From Britain Liner Left Liverpool Just Ahead of Torpedoed Prison Ship By thf Associated Press. NEW YORK. July 8.—Three hun dred fifty British refugee children arrived unexpectedly on the British liner Samaria today—18 hours after the first contingent of 71 reached New York on the Scythia—as volun teer workers speeded up a Nation wide child refugee aid campaign. Most of the newcomers were with parents or guardians and most had residences arranged. They ranged from babies to 'teen age, the average being about 8. Most of them had experienced air-raid alarms but none was found who had been in an ac tual bombing. The Samria left Liverpool, with about 800 passengers, June 30, only 30 miles ahead of the Arandora Star, the British internment ship which was torpedoed. A destroyer and a seaplane escoring the Samaria out to sea wheeled unexpectedly away to go to the aid of the Aran dora Star. aicxjii oruiMnn /iouara. Among the Samaria passengers were Henri Bernstein, the French playwright who has fought several duels with critics, and who is an outspoken anti-Nazi. T lost everything in France,” he said. Another passenger was Baron Al phonse Rothschild of the Viennese branch of the banking family, whose brother Louis ransomed himself from the German secret police after the Austrian annexation. The bar on, his wife and two young daugh ters, and two sons of his cousin, Baron Montefiore Rothschild, were bound for Canada. Formation of ‘The National Child Refugee Committee,” to organize local committees over the country and co-ordinate the activities of various groups already active, was announced shortly before the Sa maria's arrival. The National Child Refugee Com mittee, under the leadership of Marshall Field and the honorary chairmanship of Mrs. Franklin D. Roosevelt, was formed as an exten sion of the United States Commit tee for the Care of European Chil dren. Leaders in many fields were asked to serve on the committee in a joint telegram from Mrs. Roosevelt, Mr. Field and Winthrop W. Aldrich, chairman of the Chase National Bank. The Cunard-White Star Line barred from the pier before the Samaria docked all except persons with special passes. There was no explanation of the new restrictions. Franco-Spanish Border Closed, British Report By the Associated Press. NEW YORK, July 8.—The British radio said this morning that Ger many had closed the Franco-Span ish frontier. The broadcast, heard here by the Columbia Broadcasting System, said 60,000 German soldiers in plain clothes already are in Spain and others have arrived at the Span ish frontier. Summary of Today's Star Page. Amusements. B-18 Comics B-16-17 Editorials... A-8 Finance_A-13 Lost. Found B-13 Page.' Obituary... A-10 Radio_ B-16 Society- B-3 Sports A-16-17 Woman's Page, B-12 Foreign Japanese charges are a “lie.” marine commander says. Page A-l New authoritarian government slated for France. Page A-l Britain claims upper hand over Nazi air force. Page A-l Between 50 and 100 reported dead in Mexican election. Page A-l Russian and German Ambassadors confer in Turkey. Page A-4 Italian planes raid Alexandria and Malta. Page A-5 Germany reports severe damage to British shipping. Page A-ll National. Fleet commander arrives here se cretly for conferences. Page A-l Roosevelt secretly discloses third term plans to Farley. Page A-l Sheppard urges approval of Stimson as debate opens. Page A-l Willkie and McNary meet here today for first time. Page A-l Bund leader, before Senate group, denies foreign ties. Page A-3 Ik m Washington and Vicinity Two die in nearby Maryland traffic accidents. Page B-l Growth of Washington presents new problems. Page B-l Editorial and Comment Answers to Questions. Page A-8 Letters to The Star. Page A-8 Constantine Brown. Page A-9 David Lawrence. Page A-9 Frederic William Wile. Page A-9 Alsop and Kintner. Page A-9 Charles G. Ross. Page A-9 Sports All-stars play on familiar grounds for first time. Page A-16. Two new major leaders get 3-day breathing spell. Page A-16. Adolph Keifer individual stars as A. A. U. aquatics end. Page A-17. Jenkins, skimpy lightweight, faces Welter Champ Armstrong. Page A-17. Miscellany Nature’s Children. Page B-13 Serial Story. Page B-13 Bedtime Story. Page B-16 Letter-Out. Page B-16 Cross-Word Puzzle. Page B-17 Winning Contract. Page B-17 Uncle Ray’s Comer. Page B-17 M Britain Claims Superiority Over Nazi Air Force % Matches Blow for Blow With Waves Of German Planes By the Associated Press. LONDON. July 8.—Britain claimed the upper hand over Nazi air raid ers today and declared her flyers were matching blow for blow as waves of German planes still poured over England. Several persons were believed to have been killed and some damage was caused in towns of Northeast, Southeast and Southwest England as the Germans continued the air forays from which the British have had but one day of respite since June 18. A Home Security Ministry com munique said R. A. F. planes brought down two of the German raiders. Two Messerschmidt fighters were believed also to have been shot down in an air battle over Southeast England late this afternoon. New information added an entire family of five to the toll of dead in a Western England town last night All were killed by one bomb. Four other families, taking shelter in doors, were buried under their caved-in homes when bombs fell in the heart of a residential area. The Air Ministry said Royal Air Force planes, ip daylight raids on Germany yesterday, shot down a Messerschmidt fighter in flames and wrecked a big four-engined airplane on the ground. Besides destroying the big German plane in a raid on Eschwege, the Air Ministry said, British flyers scored a direct hit on a runway and are believed to have caused "ex tensive damage" to grounded planes. Bomber Escapes 5 Planes. Attacked by five Messerschmidts, it added, a British bomber raiding German-occupied Northern France, shot down one in a burst of gunfire and escaped to sea. Enemy bombers attacked two coastal towns this morning, but two were shot down by British fighters, a communique by the Air Ministry of Home Security announced. German assertions of British losses in the air battle over the English Channel yesterday were scoffed at in authoritative circles as “just another case of Nazi multi plication by 10.” (The Nazi high command com munique reported 10 British Spit fires shot down over the channel as part of 14 British air losses to three for Germany yesterday.) “Against a German loss of three fighters and a bomber, British losses were, in fact, one only—the second fighter machine lost in the defense of Britain since the war began,” these sources retorted. Claim 11Z Machines. The “bag” of German planes at tacking the British Isles, they added, is "112 machines certain” and pos sibly 25 others damaged so badly they are believed never to have reached home. To this, apparently, was added another bomber today. Witnesses said one of the southeast raiders was last seen dropping toward the sea belching smoke and pursued by British fighters. About 100 incendiary and 12 ex posive bombs were dropped in the early morning raid on a northeast town in w-hich several persons were injured, three houses demolished and eight others damaged. Latest reports from the southwest town raided said one man was killed and several wounded. Detailing the air fighting of last night, the Air Ministry said one Spitfire pilot shot down two Messer schmitt 109 fighters in dogfights over the Channel and attacked three more before returning unscathed to his base. Another pilot of the saipe squad ron, the announcement said, bagged another Messerschmitt 109 and dam aged a Messerschmitt 110 which just had shot down a British Hurricane. Daylong Raids Yesterday. The attacks today followed day long raids from Southwest England to Southeast Scotland yesterday, in which at least five persons were killed, seven and possibly eight Ger man planes were shot dowm and three British fighters lost. One store and two houses were demolished in today's raid. Several other buildings in the main shop ping street of the town were shat tered. At the same time a German (See LONDON, Page A-6.) Chungking Raided Again LONDON, July 8 (A5).—A Reuters (British news agency) dispatch from Chungking said more than 100 Jap anese bombers raided the western suburbs of the Chinese capital today. Axis Won't Have France as Ally, Nazis Declare Bs the Associated Press. BERLIN, July 8.—If anybody thinks’the Rome-Berlin Axis pow ers are counting on France’s assist ance in ensuing phases of the Euro pean war they are mistaken, sources in the know declared tartly tonight. Germany and Italy, they said, can settle their scores unaided and Adolf Hitler’s permission to the French fleet to fight off the British was merely an act of chivalry, not a gesture of invitation to come into the fray. As if to underscore this aloofness from France, Robert Ley, leader of the German labor front and director of the Nazi party’s political organ ization, wrote in the Berlin news paper Der Angriff that France, as an aging decrepit, must definitely yield European continental hege mony to youthful, virile Germany. A 50 to 100 Reported Killed as Mexico Elects President Thousands Are Declared Wounded; Irregularities May Complicate Count Bs the Associated Press. MEXICO CITY. July 8.—Riotous disorders which accompanied Mex ico's presidential elections yesterday were estimated today to have taken between 50 and 100 lives and reports of widespread irregularities threat ened to complicate the task of de termining the outcome of the voting. An unofficial count showed at least 30 persons dead in Mexico City alone, while scores—perhaps hun dreds—were reported wounded dur ing pitched battles which surged through the streets of the capital. Some reports from the provinces Indicated the total injured might be in the thousands. Two Americans Hurt. Among the casualties in the capi tal were two American students— Edward J. Mallen. jr., Franni, Wyo., who was reported near death with a pistol wound in the stomach, and Leonard Durso, 18, Union City, N. J., who was gravely wounded by a rifle bullet. (Young Durso is a student at the Georgetown University For eign Service School. Another Georgetown student. Ivan Hass locher, 18, of 3518 Quesada street N.W., Washington, also was slightly W’ounded. He is the son of Paulo Hasslocher, commercial attache at the Brazilian Em bassy. Two other Washing tonians escaped unhurt.) The Mexican electoral system pro vides that the first citizens te ar rive may organize the election board. The disorders resulted from efforts of various groups to control polling places, it was reported. At Coyoacan, where a large group was denied entry to a polling place by 100 “Camachistas.” The out siders then took affidavits and estab lished a separate poll. »oui claim victory. Both Gen. Manuel Avll Camacho, administration candidate, and his independent rival, Gen. Juan Andreu Almazan, issued statements claiming overwhelming victory. The actual canvass of returns, however, will not be made until Thursday and the official result will not be announced by Congress until September. The government made no com ment about the outcome of the election, but deplored “bloody inci dents,” commented significantly on reports of election law violations and said they would be punished. Complaints poured in from all over the nation that Gen. Almazan's supporters had been denied the right to vote, and fear was expressed in some quarters that the final tabulation of ballots might be ac companied by further disorders. Government officials expressed confidence, however, there would be no further trouble. There were no official estimates on the number of casualties and un official figures varied greatly. Gen. Almazan said his reports indicated ‘TOO or more” lives had been lost; other estimates placed the figure in the region of 50. Worst Rioting in Mexico City. Mexico City itself was the scene of the worst rioting. Violent dis orders broke out before the polls opened at 9 a.m., aftd by midday batltes were raging in a half dozen different sections of the city, with (See MEXICO, Page A-3.) 1,600 Americans Leave Galway on U. S. Liner By the Associated Press. GALWAY, Ireland, July 8.—The United States liner Washington, making her second and “last trip” home from this west coast port with American refugees, was headed for New York today with 1,600 pas sengers. After considerable delay in sail ing because of lost luggage and the time required for the ship to take on fresh water, the liner finally weighed anchor at 6:45 am. yester day, but then was held up by fog in Galway Bay and did not leave Irish waters until 3 pm. On her previous sailing last month the Washington carried 1,768 passengers, part of them picked up at Lisbon and Bordeaux. This time she came direct to Galway. * Farley Learns About3dTerm, But Won't Talk BULLETIN. Representative McCormack and William H. Burke, jr., two Massa chusetts leaders, said after a White House call today that they had urged President Roosevelt “Just as strongly as we could to be a candidate or to consent to be drafted.'1 Postmaster Gen eral Farley has the bulk of the Massachusetts delegate strength to the Chicago convention. By JOHN C. HENRY. Millions of American voters, not to mention hundreds of Democratic Convention delegates and most of the stage managers of Europe's war, would like to know what Jim Farley knows today—but he isn’t telling. For in the book-lined study of a Hudson River mansion, the Post master General yesterday heard the answer to America’s greatest political puzzle—will Franklin D. Roosevelt be a candidate this year for a third term as President of the United States? With the answer, however, went a bond of silence, either imposed by (See ROOSEVELT, Page A-5.) Fleet Commander Here After Secret Trip From Hawaii Admiral Richardson Scheduled to Lunch With President Traveling secretly, Admiral J. O. Richardson, commander in chief of the United States Fleet, has arrived in Washington from Hawaii, where the fleet is stationed. Admiral Richardson reached Washington yesterday and the Navy Department did not disclose his presence until today. He was scheduled to have lunch with President Roosevelt today and it was considered likely he would talk with Acting Secretary of the Navy Compton, Admiral Harold R. Stark, chief of naval operations, and other high officers. Department officials said the pur ‘ (See RICHARDSON, Page A-5.) ~~ — I Petain Government Slated to Make Way For 3-Man Regime Laval, Weygand, Marquet Slated to Hold Power Under Marshal as Chief BULLETIN. BERN, Switzerland (jPi.—A large group of deputies at Vichy, France, was reported by Havas (French news agency) tonight to have voted unanimously to ask the government for immediate identification and punishment of “all those politically, civilly or militarily responsible" for the French debacle. By the Associated Press. GENEVA, July 8.—The censored press of unoccupied France carried reports today that Marshal Henri Philippe Petain s government was “only transitory" and would make way for a new regime with Marshal Petain as “chief of state.” A dispatch from Vichy to Le Petit Dauphinois of Grenoble forecast the resignation of French President Al bert Lebrun and his replacement by Marshal Petain, who, it said, would “only accept the title of executive nower." A triumvirate of former Premier Pierre Laval. Gen. Maxime Weygand and Adrien Marquet, former Min ister of Labor and Mayor of Bor deaux. would dominate the govern ment under Marshal Petain’s titular direction, this report said. Marshal Petain's present ministry, it added, ‘‘seems to be malting a last concession to dying rights" by an elaborate legislative procedure car ried out by a picked group of sen ators and deputies at Vichy. These plans, the writer empha sized, are only forecasts but the fact that they were permitted to appear in the strictly controlled press indicated that they may be based on known plans of the Vichy leaders. French Public Dazed. Travelers from portions of the country unoccupied by German troops describe the French public and many of its Republican leaders as ‘‘dazed by defeat" and scarcely interested in the proceedings at Vichy. A dispatch from Vichy said the French press described the new constitution to be drafted for France (See GENEVA," Page A-7.) Population and Circulation Population Thf 1940 Census gives Washington and its immediate trading area a total population of 962,742, compared with 672,198 for 1930, an increase of 290,544, or 43 per cent. The city proper population in 1940 was 663,153, as against 486,869 for 1930, an increase of 176,284, or 36 per cent. The suburban population is given as 299,589 in 1940, as against 185,329 for 1930, an increase of 114,260, or 61 per cent. The two Maryland suburban counties, Montgomery and Prince Georges, have a total population in 1940 of 168,621, against 109,301 for 1930, an increase of 59,320, or 54 per cent. The two Virginia suburban counties, Arlington and Fair fax, together with Alexandria, have a total population in 1940 of 130,968, as agiinst 76,028 for 1930, an increase of 54,940, or 72 per cent. * The greatest population of any of the adjoining counties is Prince Georges, with 87,177 for 1940. The greatest increase in population was in Montgomery County, with an increase of 32,238, or 65 per cent. The most rapid growth has been in Arlington County, Virginia, with 56,500 in 1940, an increase Of 112 per cent over 1930 Star’s Circulation The City and Suburban circulation of The Evening Star for the six months ending March 31, 1940, averaged 147,457, an increase of 43,015 over 1930, or 41 per cent, and The Sunday Star averaged in the City and Suburbs 155,325, an increase of 43 per cent. At the same time the City population increased 36 per cent and the City and Suburban population combined increased 43 per cent. The Total Circulation of The Evening Star for the six months ending March 31, 1940, averaged 150,932 and The Sunday Star averaged 159,162, an increase of 41,765 dally and 44,561 Sunday. a* a Sheppard Urges Senate Approval Of Stimson Choice for Cabinet Notice of Unity, Senator Says By the Associated Press. Senator Sheppard, Democrat, of Texas declared today that President Roosevelt's selection of Henry L. Stimson. a Republican, to be Secre tary of War was "notice to the world” of American unity and urged his colleagues to confirm the ap pointment. Following disposition of Mr. Stim son's nomination, the Senate is to consider also the nomination of Frank Knox, another Republican, to be Secretary of the Navy. Leaders were confident approval would be forthcoming, after opponents had voiced their objections. "The value and the significance of his (Mr. Stimson’s) appointment by a Democratic President in what may prove to be one of the most tragic periods in the annals of this Na tion,” Senator Sheppard asserted, "lies in the fact that it is notice to the world of the fundamental unity of the American people. "Such notice could not have come at a more appropriate time. Example of Americanism. "Franklin D. Roosevelt, in tender ing important cabinet assignments to Henry L. Stimson and Frank Knox, members of a party not his own, in a crisis imperiling the America we know and love has shown a steadfast and a true Americanism. “Henry L. Stimson and Frank Knox, in accepting these assign ments under such conditions at the hands of a President belonging to a party not their own. have shown a similar loyalty to American ideals." Senator Sheppard mentioned also that Mr. Stimson had advocated “the arousal of a national spirit which will grasp the emergency," and had urged enactment of a sys tem of selective compulsory train ing and service to raise the man power needed for defense and to bring home to every citizen the gravity of the present situation. The nominations of the two Re publicans, approved last week by Senate Military and Naval Affairs Committees, were the chief business on a congressional calendar stripped of non-essentials in anticipation of a recess during the Democratic Na tional Convention next wTeek. Senate leaders hoped for a vote on Mr. Stimson and Col. Knox by to morrow night and planned to trans act little other business this week. May Act on Fleet Bill. It was considered possible, how ever, that the chamber might act on the $4,000,000,000 fleet expansion bill. It already has passed the House, and little Senate opposition is expected. The administration’s general for eign policy was involved in the nom inations of the two men, advocates of aid to the Allies. Senators Wheeler, Democrat, of Montana; Holt, Democrat, of West Virginia, and Bone. Democrat, of Washing ton, among others, prepared speeches depicting the appointments as a sign that President Roosevelt wants to have a hand in European affairs. Republicans generally remained silent on the appointments, but Mi nority Leader McNary of Oregon was known to be counseling his fol lowers to vote for confirmation. House to Take Up Hatch Act. Senator McNary was among sev eral Republican members of Con gress who disapproved Party Chair man Hamilton's statement that Mr. Stimson and Mr. Knox henceforth would owe allegiance to the admin istration rather than the Republican party. In the House, leaders agreed to take up tomorrow the Senate-ap proved bill extending the Hatch Anti-Politics Act to State employes paid partly by Federal funds. Only Federal workers now are affected. Strike Threatens All U. S. Jobs Here But One A tieup of all Government build ing projects in Washington except the Gravelly Point Airport was threatened today as more than 200 workers on the Smoot Sand & Gravel Corp. walked out. An official of the Smoot concern said the strike was the result of a ruling of the Wage and Hour Di vision that dredge workers are not seamen and are. therefore, subject to the minimum wage law. This, in effect, the official explained, caused the company to order short ening of hours with proportionate decreases in total weekly and monthly pay. The company, it was said, was willing to give the work ers a 10 per cent wage increases demanded, but, under the Wage and Hour Division ruling, could not permit the men to work as long each day as heretofore. Representatives of the union. Local No. 77 of the Engineers’ Union, an A. F. of L. affiliate, could not be reached for comment. The Wage and Hour Division said the "ruling” referred to was an interpretative bulletin published in April, 1939, holding that men engaged in dredging .operations were not seamen since, in the division's opinion, seamen were employed primarily on ships used as a means of transportation. Among the Government building projects threatened were the War Department Building, the Social Security Building and the Railroad Retirement Building. In addition to the Government projects many private construction jobs were also likely to be affected. German Prisoners Freed BERLIN. July 8 WP).—The French Armistice Commission announced yesterday that all German prisoners of war have been released. ■