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19-23 Age Limit For Conscription Taft Joins Opponents Of Peacetime Draft As Showdown Nears (Continued From First Page.) begin Wednesday, although there may be an opposition move to post pone debate until Monday. August 5. Chairman Sheppard said the Senate Military Committee would vote formally on its completed bill Tuesday forenoon and predicted few, if any, opposing votes. Senator Taft indicated he would work with Senators Vandenberg, Republican, of Michigan: Wheeler. Democrat, of Montana; Norris, In dependent. of Nebraska, and numer ous other Senators who have pub licly criticized the committee drafted measure. Some Senators suggested that a voluntary training program with one-year enlistments instead of the present three-year term for the Army and National Guard, might be offered as a substitute. Senator Vandenberg predicted that under such a system.' 1.000.000 American youths would volunteer within three months, and a "great 150-year-old tradition intimately re lated to individual liberties" would be maintained. "When the American peop’e are put on conscript basis, what is left to separate us from a complete totalitarian war-basis?” he asked. Registration From 18 to 84. The bill, revised by the Senate Military Committee, calls for regis tration of all men between 16 and 64. divided into these two classes: Those between 21 and 45. to be liable for active military training . for one year. Those between 18 and 21. and 45 and 64. to be liable for training in or near their communities in Such home defense units as are now, or may hereafter be. established. Senator Minton of Indiana, Dem ocratic whip, joined Senator Shep pard in expressing confidence yes terday the measure will pass, but ■ conceded controbersial debate will precede action. Senator Johnson. Democrat, of Colorado, an opponent of the bill in committee, admitted it would win approval Tuesday. There are 18 men on the committee, and in some quarters it was estimated not more than three or four probably would vote against reporting it. Hill Seek Public Hearing. The House Military Committee will strive to complete public hear ings Tuesday and Wednesday. Chairman May plans to have Secre tary of War Stimson close the hearings with a general explanation cf the need for selective training. Although the Senate bill brings nil men between 21 and 45 within the available class for Army or Navy training, the intent of the measure is that mosf of the trainees be drawn from the younger end of that range. It sets forth that the ultimate objective shall be to draw not less than 78 nor more than 87 per cent of the trainees from the age group 21 to 31; not less than 10 nor more than 15 per cent from the 31 to 38 group, and not less than 3 nor more than 7 per cent from the age group 38 to 45. War Department spokesmen have indi cated the initial registration would be confined to men 21 to 30 if the bill passes. The argument of those who are considering amendments to confine the training to a younger age group contend it would bring less disrup tion to men established in walks of life, and would prove beneficial to those who have finished school but are not vet permanently placed in private occupations. ( nntlict in Contentions. In conflict with this contention Is the testimony presented by Owen D. Young for the American Youth Commission of the American Coun cil on Education. This commission indorsed compulsory military train ing as vital to national defense at this tirfle, but took the position that one of the reasons for a selec tive service plan is to avoid "con centrating military service among the unemployed boys who are most willing to volunteer". Accordingly that agency advised against taking men below 21 for full-time training and recommend ed that men in circumstances mak ing them equally available should be chosen by lot and called from a wide range of ages. Supporters of the bill in its pres ent form, with the wide range of age limits, also will' point out as the debate progresses that the lo ! cal draft boards will classify the 1 registrants, as in 1917, and place in deferred groups those with de pendents or working in vital in dustries, in order to obtain the re quired number of trainees with a minimum of hardship or economic ; dislocation. A basic feature of the Army's training plan is to mobilize the National Guard, so that the se , lective service men can be placed in units of both the Guard and j Regular Army. Authority to call I out the Guard is to be handled bv separate legislation, however, and congressional leaders are await ing a recommendation from fhe administration as to the details of that measure. Assuming that authority is ob tained to mobilize the Guard by October 1 the present plan of of ficials is to induct between 300,000 and 400,000 selective service men that month, but this schedule hinges on how long Congress de bates the compulsory training legis lation. By October 1 the Regular Army is expected to be up to 300,000 and the National Guard to 230,000. If by that time it is possible to induct 400.000 selective service men, the Army would have 930.000 men under intensive training during the winter. By April 1 the Regular Army is expected to be recruited up to the appropriation limit of 375.000 and the National Guard to 240,000. At that time it is planned to call out an additional 400.000 trainees. The total then under training would be 1.415.000. Newf Class in October, 1941. By October. 1941, a new class of trainees would be called and the first group going in this October would complete their year of train ing and return home in the capacity of reservists. One of the most important changes the committee made in the bill during the last few days was to strengthen the section designed to preserve, in so far as possible, the jobs of men called for training Discussing the conscription pro posal with reporters. Senator Taft also declared opposition to any com pulsory training for girls. President Roosevelt has suggested that uni versal training, not necessarily of a combatant nature, might even tually be advisable for all young people, both men and women. • It may be necessary some day to have compulsory military training for all boys," Senator Taft said, "but certainly not for girls." He also said that any training should be "under Army direction rather than under the direction of Harry Hopkins and Sidney Hill man." "Some of the present ideas sound more like a glorified W. P. 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