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* Fair and continued warm tonight and Circulation Gains tomorrow; some cloudiness and likeli hood of a brief shower tomorrow after- The circulation of The Evening art 7 * 11“ <*•»* greater than ,1 From the United States Weather Bureau report. time last year and 23,000 fuii details on Pate a-2. greater than 2 years ago. Closing N. Y, Morkefs-Soles. Poge 12._ _ ‘ - 88th YEAR. No. 35,153. WASHINGTON, D. C., MONDAY, JULY 29, 1940.—THIRTY PAGES.*** THREE CENTS. Hundreds of Nazi Planes Raid British Isles, Many Shot Down; R. A. F. Bombs Oil at Cherbourg w i At Least 16 Ships Felled, English Say; Destroyer Sunk BULLETIN. LONDON —Seventeen Nazi airdromes in Germany, Holland, Belgium and Northern France and oil depots and docks in Ger mahy were bombed by the Royal Air Force in operations last night, the Air Ministry announced to night. Three British planes were reported missing. It was revealed tonight that Dover, English port nearest German-occupied France, was the "southeastern port" against which the Nazis launched their mass air raids. Bv tlvp Associated Press. LONDON, July 29.—Hundred oi , German planes swarmed over Brit ain today—in a massive preview of the grand assault Britons believe is yet to come—at a cost officially placed at 16 German planes and un “■ officially reported at 23. On the debit side of the ledger the British acknowledged the sinking of the destroyer Wren by a Nazi air - bomber, the twenty-eighth lost since the outbreak of war. while losses in fending off today's raids were placed at a lone plane shot down and a pumber damaged. from oeiore aawn ro iaie auer hoon the Germans came in waves, bombers escorted by swarming fighters, only to run into a storm of anti-aircraft fire and Royal Air Torce defenders who accounted ior 15 of the attackers in one mighty battle over the southeast coast. Hammering back against the Ger mans. British pilots during the night raided oil tanks at Cherbourg end a German base believed being •prepared for the expected invasion of Britain. The Cherbourg tanks y. ere reported fired by repeated hits. ; Next of Kin Informed. The Admiralty, without disclosing •the loss of life aboard the Wren. ! were announced the next of kin had been informed. The 1,120-ton Wren, a World War built vessel, was hit on an undis closed date while on patrol duty. An accompanying destroyer.' the Montrosse. shot down two of the German attackers. In a communique covering yester day's air warfare, the German high ; command placed Germany's plane losses at only two against Brit- j ain’s 11. Eyewitnesses to the southeast coast air battle, in which 50 German j dive-bombers and 30 escorting fight- j ers participated, said that "German machines fell like autumn leaves.” The 16 planes officially reported down brought to 318 the number shot down by British defenses to date and 244 since the first mass air raid. July 18. The Air Ministry said its figures were based on "reports so far re ceived." indicating the official total might, run higher. It reported a 56th German plane, a bomber, was shot down over the south of Eng land during the night. 77 Airmen Captured. With the battle of Britain grow ing more intense in the air with each passing hour, it was announced offi cially that 77 German airmen had been captured in the last four days cf savage Nazi assaults. As the day wore on the Germans ' broadened their attacks to inland rbiectives. Scores of dogfights recurred in widely separated areas among British defenders and the Nazi invaders. Attempted Surprise Attack. A supplementary Air Ministry com munique. vividly describing the ac- | tion over the Southeast Coast, said go German planes were engaged in fights there. “Within a half hour this morning the German air force lost 15 bomb ers and fighters in this area," the ministry announced. “With 30 Junkers dive-bombers, protected by 50 Messerschmitts, the Nazi attempted a surprise attack on a harbor there. “Strong formations of Spitfires end Hurricanes of the R. A. F. fighter command swept up into the sky to meet the raiders. Within a few minutes the air was filled with bat tling aircraft. “The British fighter pilots so harassed the Nazi airmen that their bombing aim was spoiled. “Before they made off for home, eight, of the Junkers bombers and seven Messerschmitts had been shot down into the sea. Only one Brit ish fighter is missing, although several of our aircraft were dam - aged. Layers of Messerschmitts. . “Several thousand feet above the enemy bombers, which were flying • In two waves, were layers of circling Messerschmitts. “Spitfires and Hurricanes attacked both bombers and fighters. “Spitfires of one squadron de itroved four Messerschmitts and one bomber. Their success was equaled ISee LONDON, Page A-13.) Chamberlain in Hospital To Undergo Operation t* the Associtted Pres6 LONDON, July 29— Former Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain en-, tered a hospital today to undergo an operation. The reason for the operation on the 71-year-old Lord President of the Council was not made public, although persons close to him said he expected to be away from his office only about two weeks. It was likely, however, they added, that he would be able to transact business before the end of that time. i 1 4 » ■ -II......... .— Japanese Peace Plan Reported Flatly Rejected by China Tokio Declared Planning Seizure of Burma/ Indo-China and Siam for New Union Br the Associated Press HONG KONG. July 29.—Foreign quarters close to the Chungking gov ernment asserted today that China had rejected unconditionally recent Japanese overtures to halt hostili ties and conclude an all-embracing settlement between the two nations —largely at the expense of tnird powers’ interests in Eastern Asia. These informants said the Japa nese proposals included the fol lowing: 1. Outright cession by China to Japan of five provinces, Hopei. Charhar, Shantung, Shansi and Suiyan. 2. Recognition of Wang Ching wei. Japanese-sponsored puppet, as president of a Chinese republic made up of the remaining prov inces and also British Burma, French Indo-China and Thailand (Siam) in which China ' Japan would share economic oppoi cunities. 3. The status of Manchukuo would be left in abeyance indefinitely. (Manchukuo, carved out of China's former Manchurian provinces, is nominally independent, but actually is entirely dominated by the occu pying Japanese Army.) Such proposals involving British Burma apparently would be pre dicated on a defeat of Britain by Germany, which would weaken the British position in Asia just as the French position in Indo-China has been menaced by the defeat of France. Japan quickly wrung concessions (See-CHINA, Page A-3.) Rumania Reported Willing to Cede Strip to Hungary Will Propose Transfer Of Three Transylvania Cities, Bucharest Says Pv the Associated Press. BUCHAREST. July 29.—The Ru manian government s willingness to cede quickly a norrow border strip of Transylvania to Hungary was in dicated in official quarters today. The government, it was said au thoritatively, will propose that Hun gary. which claims Transylvania as historic Magyar soil, content her self with the cities of Satu-Mare. Oredea and Arad and their en virons and agree to an exchange of populations in other districts. This report followed a meeting between King Carol II and his Pre mier and Foreign Minister. Ion Gigurtu and Mihail Manoilescu. almost as soon as they returned this morning from visiting the Rome Berlln axis leaders in Salzburg and Rome. They later went before the Coun cil of Ministers to report on the talks which officials described as “fully satisfactory" from the Rumanian point of view. The supposed Rumanian offer is far less than Hungary has demand ed in the 20-year-long territorial dispute and includes only a small part of the 1.900.000 Hungarians which the Budapest government as serts live in Transylvania. It was said in informed quarters that Adolf Hitler had told the Ru manian statesmen at Salzburg that he W'ould arbitrate if Hungary and Bulgaria failed to reach an agree ment on their territorial claims against Rumania in forthcoming direct negotiations. These sources expressed belief that Germany would “treat Rumania easily” because of the Reich's inter est in conserving the Rumanian oil industry for the Nazi war machine. Slovaks Are Reported Satisfied With Parley BERLIN, July 29 (JP) (Via Radio). —The German radio said Propagan da Minister Sano Mach of German protected Slovakia returned to Bratislava today "much satisfied” with the results of week-end con ferences with Adolf Hitler. "We are certain that the existence and the happy future of the Slovak state are definitely safeguarded,” said Mach, who accompanied Presi dent Joseph Tiso and Prime Minis ter Vojtech Tuka of Slovakia to Hitler's Berchtesgaden retreat. “We Slovaks must thank God that we are first in joining the battle for realization of the genial conception of the Fuehrer. Slovaks will do their part in this part of Europe * * * in faithfulness and devotion to the great builder of Europe." Authoritative German sources said they were convinced a politically and economically sound family of axis-oriented Balkan states prob (See"BUCHAREST,"Page A-2.) I Reuters Newsman Held by Japanese Takes Own Life Melville James Cox Leaps From Second Floor of Tokio Police Office BULLETIN. TOKIO (/Pt.—Great Britain has demanded that Japan substan tiate charges that a British "espionage network" is operating in Japan, it was reported by un impeachable sources today. The British government also has called for a full investigation o'f the death of Melville James Cox. . By the Associated Press. TOKIO. July 29.—Domei (Japa nese news agency, reported today that Melville James Cox, British newspaper man, had committed sui cide by leaping from the second floor of the Tokio gendarmerie headquar ters where he was being questioned by Japanese authorities. Mr Cox, correspondent for Reu ters, British news agency, was re ported previously to have been ar rested Saturday afternoon "for mili tary reasons." Domei said Mr. Cox received in juries in the leap which resulted in his death an hour and 45 minutes later. Widow at Embassy. His widow was reported to be staying at the British Embassy with Lady Cralgie. wife of Ambassador Sir Robert Leslie Craigie. Mrs. Cox. a Belgian, was his sec ond wife His first wife, a Russian, was killed in an automobile accident. Mr. Cox was one of the senior foreign correspondents in Tokio. He joined Reuters in London in 1901 and. with the exception of a few years as a broker, he had been with the news agency ever since. From 1930 to 1934 he was manager of Reuters’ Far Eastern news serv ices in Shanghai. He had been in Tokio since, except for a six-month home leave in 1938. Previously he had been stationed at Bombay, Colombo and Hong Kong. He was a native of Lady Well, Kent, England. Left Penciled Note. Domei said Mr. Cox left a note penciled on an envelope which ap parently was intended as his will. It said: “See Reuters re rents. See Cowley See COX, Page A-6.) ! 1,000 European Children Will Be Sent to U. S. By the Associated Press. LONDON, July 29.—The United States Committee for the Care of European Children disclosed today it will send 1.000 children from the war zones to the United States in about three weeks if a ship is avail able. The children, of various nationali ties. will be billeted in the United States by Americans who have al ready offered to care for them. Windsor's Luggage Reaches New York on Britannic By the Associated Press. NEW YORK, July 29.—The Cu nard-White Star liner Britannic ar rived today with 14 pieces of luggage marked with the name of the Duke of Windsor, some of it bearing his crest as Prince of Wales. The ship, which left Liverpool eight days ago, carried 778 passen gers, 272 of them British children, all accompanied by their parents. Its capacity is 1,500 persons. A second British ship, the Cam eronia, with 445 adults and 100 children on board, arrived right be hind the Britannic, so unexpected that she had to anchor in the har bor for several hours while a pier was made ready for her. Waiting at the Britannic’s pier was J. P. Morgan, the financier, to greet three “children of friends of mine in London" who will live for the duration of the war at the Mor gan estate, Matinicock Point, lo cust Valley, N. Y. They were: Lord Primrose. 11 year-old son of the Earl of Rose bery; George Vivian Smith, 6, and George's baby sister, 1 year old. The Smith youngsters are the children of a Morgan partner in London. They were accompanied by a nurse and tutor. George carried a gas mask. 'The immediate destination of the Duke of Windsor's luggage remained a. mystery. Ship’s officers merely disclosed that it was sent unaccom panied, in care of the line. Tire Duke's luggage bore such stickers and tags as “unaccompanied baggage" and “not wanted on voy age.” Besides the suit cases and t trunks. there were a number of paper-wrapped packages, one evi dently containing a set of golf clubs. All in all, it made an imposing heap. Among the passengers were play wright Noel Coward, on a mission for the British Ministry of Informa tion, and Mme. Genevieve Tabouis, foreign editor of the French news paper “L'Oeuvre,” a fugitive from Nazi military authorities who asked for her arrest after the fall of France. “Liberty is dead in France today,” she said. She escaped from France on a Channel freighter. Mr. Coward will go to Washington (See BRITANNIC. Page A-3.) I President Asks Power to Order Guard Traininq •* ■ . 'Security Detrends' Calling It, Officers' Reserves, He Says P,v thei^sociated Press. President Roosevelt, saying Re was ".how convinced that the security of the Nation" demanded it, asked Congress today* to let, him (<*ier the NaNeoal Gu^rd and the Officers I Reserve Corps into '‘intensive tfa'.n j ing." » “I cannot, with clear conscience. | longer postpone this vitally essen j tial step,” the President said in a letter read to the Senate. "This group of men who of neces sity must be among the first to fight in the Nation's defense have a right ! to the best preparation that time ! and circumstance permit," he added after noting that "we know too well the tragedy that ensues when inadequately trained men are as sailed by a more skillful adversary." While the President did not mer tion in his letter any specific perioA of active training for the Guard, the draft of accompanying legisla tion would specifically limit such training to one year. Power Would End in 1942. The extraordinary authority which would be given the President would expire June 30. 1942, under terms of the proposed measure. Service of the Guardsmen would be restricted to the Western Hemis phere except for possessions of the United States and the Philippine Islands. Democratic Leader Barkley said the bill, as submitted by the Presi dent. probably would be Introduced by Chairman Sheppard of the Mili tary Affairs Committee. He said speedy enactment would be sought in line with the President's request for immediate action. Senator Austin of Vermont, as sistant Republican leader, said it was his understanding that if the President were given the authority he requested, the Guard would be used to aid in training conscripts who might be called to the colors under pending legislation for com pulsory military draining. Requires "Personal Sacrifice.” The President noted that it would require "personal sacrifice" for those called out to leave their homes and jobs but, he said, their service was "vitally essential” to the country. Senator Capper, Republican, of Kansas took the floor to declare that the compulsory military train ing bill prepared by the Military Affairs Committee "will lead us closer all thi time to the European war.” A voluntary system of obtaining enlistment for the Army should be tried for one year, he said, before Congress attempts to adopt a con scription program. "I am for an adequate Army and Navy to fight off any aggressive na tions, but I do not believe we want the Hitler system of organizing for war," Senator Capper continued. In another development Senator Lee. Democrat, of Oklahoma an ! nounced he would offer an "amend ment to draft capital as well as men as title 2 of the compulsory training bill.” Vandenberg Predicts Defeat. Senator Vandenberg, Republican, of Michigan, predicting that public sentiment would cause Congress to defeat proposals for compulsory military training, reported a deluge of mail supporting his opposition to the measure. "I've never seen anything like it,” Senator Vandenberg told reporters. Noting that he had asked Con gress to give him authority to order out the Guard when he thought it was necessary, the President said he did not consider this power suf ficient. The President said if the legisla tion he suggested wrere approved by Congress, he would be able to order successive sections of the Na tional Guard and the Officers Re serve Corps into active training. When these units receive sufficient training to enable them to handle the most modern equipment, their members would be returned to civil ian life, he said. Delay in Debate Seen. A delay in congressional debate on peacetime conscription, sched uled to start Wednesday, appeared likely, meanwhile, in view of "com promise” talk designed to avert a stiff floor fight. While John L. Lewis, c. I. o. president, and Senator Taft, Re publican, of Ohio joined the opposi tion .to compulsory military train ing, Senator Barkley said he fa vored giving members time to study the issue. In the House, influential Demo crats said they wanted to "make haste slowly” with the manpower phases of the defense program. The House Military Affairs Committee will resume hearings tomorrow on the conscription legislation, with Secretary of War Stimson as a wit ness some time this week. Mr. Lewis voiced his opposition to conscription yesterday after con ferring with Senator Wheeler, Democrat, of Montana, one of the leading foes of the program. The C. I. O. chief said he was "in full agreement with Senator Wheeler on this thing.” Senator Taft, like Senator Van denberg, Republican, of Michigan, suggested trying a “voluntary sys tem” of Army enlistment before adopting conscription. 1,000 European Refugees Reach Canadian Port By the Associated Press. AN EASTERN CANADIAN PORT, July 29.—A liner docked here today with about 1,000 refugees from Euro pean war zones, including several hundred British children. Private arrangements for the trip were made for all the passengers. Many .Will be guests of Canadian and United States citizens for the duration of the war. k. Havana Conference Authorizes U. S. To Take Colonies Parley's Declaration Is Awaiting Final Approval Today (Texts of the Act of Havana and-the Convention on European possessions in this hemisphere on Page A-7.) By GARNETT D. HORNER, Star Staff Correspondent. HAVANA. July 29.—The American foreign ministers were agreed today that t.he United States should occupy European possessions in this hemi sphere on behalf of all the 21 Ameri can republics whenever she might consider such action necessary to prevent them from falling into German hands. This was considered the practical | immediate effect of the "Act of J Havana," awaiting only final ap i proval to establish the "right and duty” of any one or more American nations to deal at once, without any I red tape of preliminary consultation, | with any emergency dangers to New | World security that might arise in j connection with imperilled colonies ; of European countries. Other measures scheduled for ' adoption at the secret session of the ! foreign ministers' conference late today and public signing tomorrow provide for common action against subversive activities and intensified economic co-operation to protect the Americas against Nazi attempts j to dominate them through unfair ; trade pressure. Stronger Front Seen. Secretary of State Hull was rep resented as feeling that the entire program creates a stronger united front against common perils arising from the march of conquerors in | other parts of the world than there ; was reason to hope for at the open ing of the conference a week ago yesterday. Committees forewent their usual Sunday relaxation to work throughout the day yesterday completing final drafts of various measures. The declaration of policy against transfer between non-American powers of territory in this hemi sphere and a resolution providing for immediate action to enforce it pending the ratification of a per manent convention was approved unanimously by a committee headed by Secretary Hull, including Dr. Leopoldo Melo, Argentine delegate, who originally had objected to ad vance delegation of enforcement pow'ers. This “Act of Havana” is of major significance as a continental exten sion of the Monroe Doctrine with teeth in it. It obviates any possi bility of enforcement of Monroe Doctrine principles bringing charges of “Yankee imperialism” or being distorted into a precedent for con quest in Europe and Asia by ad vance agreement for joint inter American administration of any re gions taken over in the interest of . (See HAVANA, Page A-13.) Three Die in Shooting In Harrisonburg Bj the Associated Press.' HARRISBURG. Va., July 29.—A mother and daughter and the hus band of the younger woman were killed today in a triple shooting which Coroner P. L. Byers said was a case of murder and suicide. Police said Clarence Rhodes killed Mrs. Bryan Lambert. 39; her daugh ter, Mrs. Thelma Rhodes, 21, and then took his own life. A revolver lay near the body of the man. The shooting occurred about 7:25 a.m. in the Lambert home where Mrs. Rhodes had been living away from her husband for several months. There were no witnesses to the shooting, and neighbors reported they heard nothing but the sound of the pistol, fired four times. The 16-month-old child of the Rhodes’ was found unharmed in the room where'lay the bodies of Rhodes and Mrs. Lambert. Mrs. Rhodes was found in her bedroom She died 'at 8:tfo am. shortly after being taken to a hospital. Poli ce said Rhodes, a shoe factory worker, had been brooding over be ing separated from his wife. A Heat Wave, in Its Eleventh Day, May Get Worse; Nine Die High of 97 Degrees Predicted for Today As Eastern Half of Nation Swelters The heat wave went into its 11th day today, and the Weather Bureau said it might get worse before it got better. The forecast for today was for fair and continued warm The high today will be 97. the forecaster said. There is likelihood of showrers this afternoon—but the heat will continue tomorrow. At 1 o'clock the mercury had reached 92 and some Government bureaus were preparing to close be cause of the heat. Employes in non air-conditioned parts of the Com merce Building were ordered to quit work at 1 p.m. Not since 1932 has the city been so long in the grips of such intense I heat. During August of that vear, the mercury stayed in the 90s for 12 days. Since July 19, there has been only one day when the mercurv did not go into the 90s. The high for this period was 100 degrees, recorded Saturday. Deputy Coroner Christopher Mur I phv today certified heat as a direct or contributory cause in the deaths of eight persons here yesterday and early today, in addition, two were drowned in nearby Maryland waters and the death of another victim Saturday was reported from Takoma Park. Md. Other parts of the country were 1 <See WEATHER. Page A-5 i ! Roosevelt Inspects Norfolk Navy Yard And Large Base Also Will Visit Army Posts on Tour of Defense System ! By the Associated Press. NORFOLK. Va.. July 2d—Presi dent Roosevelt inspected the Navy's largest East Coast base and the I Norfolk Navy Yard today, picking up first-hand information On ft vital ! portion of the Nation's defense sys i tern and commending the "splendid i work1’ he saw under w-ay. Disembarking from his yacht, the I Potomac, which had brought him I from Washington, the President stopped first at the Navy Yard. I where *50.000.000 had been spent and 4.400 workers added since last September. A 15-mile drive took him to the naval operating base, the headquar ters of the 5th Naval District and a major supply and operating base for Atlantic units of the fleet. A thousand men at the naval training station staged a formal review before Mr. Roosevelt drove slowly through the reservation to view new building activities and scores of naval air craft lined up wing to wing. One embarrassed gob. standing at salute, sneezed just as his com mander in chief went by. Crosses Hampton Roads. Rear Admiral Joseph K. Taussig, commandant of the 5th Naval Dis trict, explained activities at the base to the President. The Potomac had moved down to the base and Mr. Roosevelt went back on board for lunch and a trip across Hampton Roads to Old Point Comfort for an inspection of the “(See ROOSEVELT, Page A-3.) Liner America Gets Tumultuous Welcome In New York Harbor City Turns Out to Greet New Queen of U. S. Merchant Marine By the Associated Press. NEW YORK. July 29.—The huge new United States liner America —$17,500,000 queen of the American merchant marine—arrived today and received a tumultuous city wel come reminiscent of the dizzy, jubi lant receptions of the middle 20s. Boat whistles screamed on half a hundred ships, crowds cheered on the water front, multi-colored flags whipped in the wind, airplanes and blimps flew overhead, and excursion boats and a marine escort of Coast j Guard cutters and fire boats ■ whipped the harbor into a frenzy. Welcome Far Down Bay. The gleaming ship—the largest , passenger vessel ever built in this country—had an advance welcome far down the bay as she nosed to ward her home port from her build ers’ yards at Newport News. Va. The 851 male guests on the 333 mile trip, which was a pre-view to the America's maiden voyage from New York August 10 to the West Indies, lined the rails. The city’s accolade to the big liner, which Mrs. Franklin D. Roosevelt christened nearly a year ago. in cluded holiday dress of flags on hundreds of business buildings. Planes Circle Overhead. Even taxicabs—nearly 3,000—dis played pennants reading, “Welcome S. S. America.’’ Army and Navy planes circled aloft in formation during the ship's progress to her pier for a greeting by Mayor La Guardia and Rear Ad miral Frank R. Lackey, representing Gov. Lehman. Summary of Today's Star r*age Amusements. B-14 Comics B-12-13 Editorials ...A-8 Finance_A-ll Lost, Found.-B-9 page Obituary... A-10 Radio .B-12 Serial Story. _B-9 Society_B-3 Sports ...A-12-14 Woman's Page, B-7 Foreign Rumania reported willing to cede strip to Hungary. Page A-l Hundreds of German planes raid Britain; English fell 16. Page A-l China reported to have rejected Jap anese peace bid. Page A-l Act of Havana gives U. S. power to take over colonies. Page A-l Reuters correspondent held by Japa nese takes own life. Page A-l Hundreds erf Nazi planes raiding Britain. Page A-l British armored cars pursued into Egypt. Italians report. Page A-2 Pan American-British Empire trade bloc urged. Page A-4 Europe's food ample if distriuutjd, Federal officials say. Page A-12 Notional. Delay likely in debate on conscrip tion legislation. Page A-l Liner America gets tumultuous New York welcome. Page A-l Roosevelt asks power to order Guard to active duty. Page A-l New York prepares harbor parade for S. S. America. Page A-l Willkte to discuss G. O. P. organisa tional problems. Page A-4 « Washington and Vicinity. -Prompt State action on D. C. rep resentation probable. Page A-l Norfolk steamer rescues lo from launch in bay. Page A-2 Editorial and Comment Editorials Page A-8 This and That Page A-8 Letters to The Star Page A-8 Answers to Questions Page A-8 David Lawrence Page A-9 Alsop and Kintner Page A-9 Frederic William Wile Page A-9 Constantine Brown Page A-9 Charles G. Ross Page A-9 Sports Harris rates Bloodworth. best of four first sackers tried. Page A-14 Yankee power wasted as poor box work is handicap. Page A-14 Newsom “melts” on mound in end ing 13-game streak. Page A-14 Hornsby reported headed back to big league baseball. Page A-14 Brownell to seek amateur title if leg test is satisfactory. PageA-15 Winning St. Paul Open Gives Porky Oliver last laugh. Page A-16 Miscellany Nature's Children Page B-6 Letter-Oiit Page B-12 Bedtime Story Page B*12 Cross-Word Puzzle Page B-13 Winning Contract Page B-13 Uncle Ray’s Comei Page B-13 k Sumners Plans Closed Session On D. C. Vote Public Demonstration Unnecessary, House Group's Head Says By JAMES E. CHINN, Sttj Staff Corresrondent. NEW YORK. July 29.—Chairman Sumners today announced that the House Judiciary Committee meeting at 10:30 a.m. tomorrow to consider his joint resolution providing for a constitutional amendment empow ering Congress to grant national representation to the voteless resi dents of the District would be held behind closed doors. Representative Sumners, disem barking from a cruise on the luxury liner S. S. America with a number of other members of Congress, dis closed for the first time his plans to hold the meeting in executive session. This apparently will pre clude any demonstration before the committee by Washington's business and civic leaders, as suggested last week by Senator Capper. Repub lican, of Kansas, veteran champion in the Senate for enfranchising the people of the District. At the same time 10 other mem bers of Congress on the cruise wht had not heretofore expressed theij opinions on the Sumners resolu tion said they would support the plan. Two of these are Senators and the others influential members of the House. favorable Report Forecast. Mr. Sumners predicted the com mittee would favorably report hi? resolution to the House, but said he believed one major change might be made. In his opinion the alter ation may eliminate a section of the resolution empowering Congress to delegate any or all of its power to a local government. This would prevent any potential complications arising from two widely separate subjects — national representation and local suffrage—it was said. In announcing his plans for an executive meeting Mr. Sumners emphasized that while it is his in tention to consider only his resolu tion instead of several others pend ing before the Judiciary Committee to provide national representation for District residents, it is up to tha committee to decide which, if any, will be taken up. “I am only chairman of the com mittee,” he declared. "I don't know what it will do.” Even though a bill is pending be fore the House District Committee to provide only local suffrage for the District—a privilege Mr. Sum ners concedes can be provided with out an amendment to the Consti tion — the Judiciary Committee chairman thinks the measure prop eaiy belongs before his committee. Mr. Sumners has always argued that local suffrage can be granted without a constitutional amend ment. He feels, however, that since the question involves a change in the selection of the judiciary of the District, as well as executive of ficials. it would only be fitting that the matter come before the Judi ciary Committee. Pepper, Hatch Back Move. The two Senators who added their support to the movement for na tional representation were Senators Pepper of Florida and Hatch of New' Mexico, both Democrats, who said they intended to vote to carry out the District suffrage plank in the Democratic platform. Said Senator Pepper: ”A great presidential election is now ap proaching—the most crucial in the history of America. It is unthink able that we should not in some extraordinary way if necessary make it possible for the patriotic residents of the District of Columbia to have their honorable part in this great cause.” Senator Hatch: “I have always felt, along wuth the founders of our country, that taxation without representation is tyranny, therefore feel that any legislation to give justice to the appeal of the people of the District for the franchise is highly desirable.” The eight members of the Hous# who promised to join the many other Representatives in voting for the Sumners resolution, if it is reported out of the Judiciary Committee, were: Democrats—Sutphin of New Jer sey, McGranery of Pennsylvania, Bloom of New York. Parsons of Illi nois, Sasscer of Maryland and Bohene of Indiana; Republicans— Cole of New York and Vorys of Ohio. Citizens' Groups Pledge Aid to Sumners Measure By WILL P. KENNEDY. Whole-hearted support of the Sumners resolution to give the Dis trict national representation was pledged today by the Federation of Citizens' Associations in a letter to the House Judiciary Committee on the eve of its session to consider this measure , The Judiciary Committee was urged to make immediately a fa vorable report to the House in a letter by Harry S Wender, acting president of the Federation. He pointed out that “there is no better time for Congress to show its be lief in suffrage for all American peo ple than now when democratic in stitutions are being broken down abroad." The Federation emphasized that the Democratic platform included a District suffrage plank and that this has been approved by Repub lican leaders in both House and Senate, making this the most oppor tune time for presenting the matter to the American people. The Federation also declared that it will continue to urge before the House District Committee legisla tion to give the District a locally elected municipal government. Prompt action by the States is probable on the proposed constitu tional amendment. The Legislatures of 40 States wi& fSee REPRESENTATION, Page A-3.) i