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Fair, continued cool tonight: tomorrow From Press to Home and Sunday generally fair with slowly rising temperature. Temperatures Within the Hour day—Highest, 79, at noon; lowest. 63, at 5:30 a.m.; 78 at 1 p.m. Most people in Washington have The From the United States Weatner Bureau report. Star delivered to their homes every _Fun details on Page a-2._ evening and Sunday morning. _Closing N. Y. Morkets-Soles, Page 16._ M..„. A.,oe,.„d p,.„. 88th YEAR. No. 35,157.__WASHINGTON, D. C., FRIDAY, AUGUST 2, 1940 —THIRTY PAGES.*** THREE CENTS. - --— --— ■ ■ ' ■ - ■ ■■ ■- -... ■ ..... - ■- - -.-.- - - ___ R. A. F. Lays Hamburg in Ruins, Docks and Factories in Bremen Heavily Bombed, British Claim Explosives Rained On 100 Nazi Cities, London Declares BULLETIN. LONDON, Aug. 2. UP).—'Thfe great Krupp munitions works at Essen, supply depots and air dromes in Northwest Germany and four synthetic oil plants were attacked by British bombers last night, the Air Ministry an nounced. •t the Associated Press. LONDON. Aug. 2. — Crippling I blows from British bombers on vital German centers were reported au thoritatively today as give-and-take air warfare still surged over the English Channel. British fivers, raining tons of steel and explosives on more than 100 German cities and towns, an au thoritative British source said, have laid the port of Hamburg almost entirely in ruins and have scored heavily on the docks and airplane factories of Bremen and the com munications nerve center at Cologne in the past three months. British airmen were asserted to have made attacks on more than 1,000 objectives in the last three months—attacks of “genuine weight and importance.” Historic Places Hit. Many of the places hammered by the British in the air offensive are Old World communities known to thousands of tourists. These places, it was asserted, have been “converted into military and industrial centers vital to the military needs of Ger many.” All attacks, this source said, were “planned with studious care with the object of avoiding damage, if possible, to towns and cities which are non-military objectives.” The British air offensive has cov ered objectives in enemy country from Borkum, in the Frisian Islands, off the extreme Northwest German coast, in the North Sea. to Rugen Island, in the Baltic Sea. One German bomber was believed by observers to have been brought dowm in the sea off the northeast coast of Scotland after a Nazi squadron had dumped nine high ex plosive and 40 incendiary bombs— mostly on a golf course outside of town—this morning. Eyewitnesses said they saw the plane fall into the water after Brit ish fighter planes had spattered it with tracer bullets. .No casualties were reported from the German at tack, although the bombs blasted craters 40 feet wide and 20 feet deep. Bombardment of a wireless sta tion and crippling of a German sup ply ship in air operations off the Norwegian coast were reported by the Admiralty. Daylight Raid on Cherbourg. The Air Ministry said a “success ful" daylight raid had been made also yesterday on the German-held airport at Cherbourg. France. It acknowledged, however, that three of a strong force of coastal com mand warplanes failed to return. On the other hand, the German high command said “all eight' British bombers were shot down before they could reach their ob jective at Cherbourg. A checkup on the effect on British harbors of Nazi aerial bombardment indicated that, for the most part, they were intact. Virtually the same answer came in reports from Folkstone, Plymouth. Southampton. Edinburgh, Glasgow. Liverpool and other ports. The Nazis have made repeated raids; there have been damages and cas ualties inland, but the water front is undamaged. Nevertheless, some of Britain's busiest pre-war ports are virtually closed and their normal business has given way to war commerce. Puzzled by Leaflet Raids. Britons, wondering whether the Nazi blitzkrieg would come soon— or at all—puzzled over a “tabloid" leaflet raid by German bombers last night. Some conjectured that Adolf Hitler may be planning the slow war of blockade instead of the lightning tactics he has used before. One Welsh town also was attacked from the air last night. About half a dozen bombs fell, causing slight damage. An armed merchant ship W'hich arrived at an Eastern Scottish port today reported its guns brought down two German torpedo planes during a night attack off Northeast Scotland. Industrial Ruhr Hit. The R. A. F. has struck night and day in the industrial Ruhr, which corresponds somewhat to the Pittsburgh area of the United States, it was said by authoritative sources. "Within a gigantic circle.” they said, "we have inflicted irre parable damage on such places as Duisberg, Duesseldorf, Essen and Wesel” in this area as well as at Dortmund which occupies a posi tion of importance in feeding the German canal system. Hamburg, with its oil refineries, munitions factories and docks, which are in the center of the city, this source said, has been “pulver ized again and again.” At Leipzig, where a renowned fair is held, there is a huge power station as well as industrial objec tives which "have been bombed con stantly,” he added. At the medieval town of Werni gerode. favorite haunt of tourists, the airport has been hammered by British bombers Other favorite Royal Air Force ob jectives have been the Kiel and Wilhelmshaven naval bases. Whether Germany chooses the fast war of blitzkrieg or the slow war of attrition. British leaders de clared, the nation is ready. German airplanes, staging the first leaflet raid on England since the outbreak of the war. showered a south coast port and a village in the southwest area with four-page tab-' (See LONDON. Page A^3T) A Willkie to Give Roosevelt Conscription Views, if Asked G. 0. P. Nominee Ready to Answer, But Spurns Individual Challenges By J. A. O’LEARY, Star Staff Correspondent. COLORADO SPRINGS, Colo., Aug. 2.—Wendell L. Willkie said to day that if President Roosevelt sought his views on any current sub ject he would "be glad to answer," but held firmly to his decision not to answer challenges from individ uals on compulsory military training or other national issues until he makes his formal speech accepting the Republican nomination. •Friends interpreted his statement as being based on the theory that he is running only against Mr. Roosevelt and that if he began answering individual challenges from other men in public life he would have no time for anything else. Senator Wheeler, Democrat, of Montana, publicly called on Mr. Willkie last week to make known his position toward the military training bill now pending in Con gress. Asked by newsmen today if he was ready to discuss the training bill, Mr. Willkie replied that he in tends to “speak on the question of conscription very clearly and spe cifically in my acceptance speech.” Then he added his determination not to anticipate that speech unless the President should ask for his views. A message of support was received today from Mrs. Dwight C. Morrow, widow of the financier and former New Jersey Senator, who wired: “Your nomination was a hearten ing thing in these difficult days. May your courage and wisdom serve us in the White House.” The vacation headquarters of the Republican nominee also was cheered today by the word that the Tulsa World, which has supported the New Deal, is announcing its support of Mr. Willkie in today's issue. Eugene Lorton, publisher of the paper, called on Mr. Willkie this morning. Queried on reports that a repre sentative of the administration had sought his views on the advisability of selling American destroyers to England. Mr. Willkie said that, so far as he knows, the administra ~ (See O’LEARY, Page A-3.) House Unit Favors Tax Exemptions For Defense Costs Deduction for Plont Expansion Would Be 20 Per Cent for 5 Years B. v the Associated Press. The House Tax Subcommittee voted tentatively today to permit national defense contractors and subcontractors to deduct the entire cost of defense plant expansions from their taxable earnings. The deduction would be 20 per cent an nually for five years. At the same time, the committee also voted to recommend to the full Ways and Means Committee that this defense plant amortization plan be incorporated in a single bill along with an excess profits tax and a sus pension of the Vinsom-Trammell Act restriction on warship and mili tary plane profits. Representative Cooper, Democrat, of Tennessee, subcommittee chair man. announced that both commit tee decisions were unanimous. The five-year amortization plan would apply to incomes and excess profits taxes. Under it, 20 per cent annual de duction would be permitted on new plants, plant expansions and equip ment, completed after July 10, 1940. The Treasury would allow the deductions on certification by the Defense Commission and either the War or Navy Department as the case might be. Meanwhile. President Roosevelt announced at his press conference that he and Democratic tax leaders in Congress were agreed that an ex cess profits tax should be enacted without delay. All manufacturers working on de fense orders know such legislation was going to be passed, he said, and were proceeding to assemble materials even though contracts have not yet been signed. The President said Chairman Harrison of the Senate Finance Committee hoped to get final action in a month. He added that the legis lation would clear up the important question of amortization which the manufacturers were interested in. C. C. C. Again Fully Enrolled The Civilian Conservation Corps announced today a 100 per cent July replacement enrollment which, of ficials said, brought the corps to its full strength of 300.000 men for the first time since January. 81 'Foreign Agents' Held at Canal Zone Prove to Be Refugees War Department Admits Error Due To Transmission By the Associated Press. The War Department today labeled as erroneous an announce ment by Secretary Stimson yester day that 8t "foreign agents" had been detained in the Canal Zone. Eighty-one aliens have been de tained "for deportation or other dis position." the department said, but it was admitted that the Army did not know whether any of them were foreign agents. Perhaps 00 or more of the 81 were reported from Pan ama to b0 of German origin. Officials of the Republc of Panama said the aliens were known gen erally as "refugees.” All told, about 800 or 1,000 such “refugees" were given temporary haven in the republic several months ago, and some were given temporary employment on Panama Canal proj ects, the Army said. The 81 men and women detained were among the latter number and are subject to deportation simply because their identification and passport papers are not in order, it was said. Error in Transmission. An Army official said that the announcement made by Secretary Stimson yesterday was the result of an error in transmission. The word "aliens" was said to have been mis interpreted for "agents” in a verbal report of the detention. Secretary Stimson announced the detention of the 81 yesterday when he disclosed that ail aliens, other than Panamanians, had been dis charged from United States Govern ment or military positions in the Canal Zone. Only American soldiers or Amer ican engineer^ he added, are em ployed on fire control equipment in the Canal Zone. Described as Refugees. Leopoldo Arosemena, Panama's Minister of Interior and Acting For eign Minister, said at Panama that the 81 persons held for deportation were mostly European “refugees.” They were picked up and turned over to Canal Zone officials, he said, when it was found that their papers were not in order. Their point of entry, he explained, had been through the Canal Zone. United States Army Intelligence ~(8ee~CANAL ZONE, Page A-3.) President Says He 'Distinctly Favors' Dratt Calls It "Essential To Defense"; Leaves Ages to Congress BULLETIN, The Senate Military Commit tee today rejected, 7 to 2, a pro posal to limit compulsory military service at this time to 900,900 men. This action and rejection of a proposal for a 90-day period of voluntary enlistments seemed to have cleared the way for a committee vote Monday on the revised Burke-Wadsworth bill. By the Associated Press. % President Roosevelt declared to day he was “distinctly in favor of a selective service training bill and I consider it essential to adequate national defense.” Specifically permitting direct quo tation. the President made the statement at a press conference after a reporter asked for his opin ions. The reporter said a report was going around that the Chief Executive was "not so hot about conscription.” The President replied that it all depended on which paper you read. "Distinctly in Favor” of Bill. In concluding his long discussion of conscription, the President per mitted this direct quotation: "I am distinctly in favor of a selective service training bill and I consider it essential to adequate national defense.” Declaring he had abandoned long ago the practice of sending up what he called ready-made bills to be rushed through Congress, Mr. Roosevelt added that he was leav ing to the legislature the age brackets for registrants under a compulsory training law. The simple fact is, he continued, that the lessons of the present war show defense means total defense. Under modern circumstances, he continued, that means a lot of new machinery and equipment the Na tion hasn't got but is beginning to get. Many Firms Going Ahead. He said that William S. Knudsen, : in charge of defense plans for in dustrial production, told him the other day that a lot of companies were proceeding with *1.800.000,000 worth of orders for all kinds of materials and machinery without waiting for actual contracts. The United States, he declared, had learned from the present war that nations without trained man power, were in a bad way. The way the Chief Executive put it was this: In 1917 this country built an armv of 4,000,000 men. but they did not go into action until 13>2 months later. Meanwhile, no shot was fired against this country over here, but that was just a bit of sheer luck and would never happen again in this Nation's history. In other words, the United States now must have a trained army be forehand. consisting of fighting men. supply men, mechanics and factory workers. All would re quire training, he said, whether they were in uniform or not. By training men in advance for defense, a nation saves human lives. An untrained army and navy mean casualties much higher than in the ‘ (See CONSCRIPTION! Page A-4.f De Gaulle Is Sentenced To Die by French Court By the Associated Press. CLERMONT-FERRAND, France, Aug. 2.—Gen. Charles de Gaulle, the French officer who formed a provisional French committee in London to carry on the fight against Germany, was condemned to death today by a military court which tried him in absentia. Charges of treason, attacks on the security of the state and deser tion to a foreign country in time of war were laid before the military court of the 13th region, presided over by Gen. Frere. Gen. de Gaulle is in London. He sprang into prominence when Premier Paul Reynaud dismissed Gen. Gamelin and reorganized the army. Nazi, Prisoner of War, Praises Fair Play After Escape to U. S. From British Ship By the Associated Press. BOSTON. Aug. 2.—A Nazi U-boat crewman, recounting the story of how he wriggled through the port hole of a British prison ship in the St. Lawrence River July 15 and sub sequently escaped into the United States, praised American fair play today. Recalling that immigration au thorities, who took him into custody when they found him trudging down a road in Northern Maine, required him to appear in Federal District Court in Bangor, Walther Kurt Reich, 23-year-old survivor of a sunken German submarine, de clared: “There again I saw how fair are Americans in treatment of persons. I asked to communicate with my consul and at once they permitted it. The United States examiner at Bangor examined the law of the case and now here 1 am in Boston.” He is under the supervision of the German Consulate, which posted a bond for him, since he has yet to deal with immigration authorities, who regard him as an alien with out passport or proper visa, despite the fact that under international law a prisoner of war who escapes to a neutral country becomes free. He is the first prisoner of war known to have escaped to this country. > Mr. Reich, slim and blond, his feet blistered by four days and five nights of walking in his quest for freedom, attributed his successful •escape to his knowledge of geog raphy and to his swimming ability He was in the icy St. Lawrence for WALT HER KURT REICH. —A. P. Wirephoto. two hours before he could reach land. "Yah, that water was cold,” he recalled with a grin as reporters questioned him during an interview at the Consulate. A machinist's mate, he said he was in a British prison camp at Manchester four months before he was loaded on a prison ship bound for Canada. He could tell by the sun that the course was west ward, and he bided his time until he saw land. ‘‘Then, that night, when it was dark, I - wriggled through a port hole,” he continued calmly. “I did it alone, with no help or conniv ance. It was a tight fit going through, but I wore only short, thin pants and on my feet sneakers. “I went through headfirst; that was the worst, for when my head was through I could not know if some guard was seeing my feet and coming to stop me.” After he reached land, he said, he hid in some woods and waited for the sun, so as to take his bearings. Living on blackberries and wild strawberries, he pressed southward, ever fearful that he would be picked up by the enemy, “because I know only two or three English words.” He was seen at one farmhouse, but the occupants spoke only French, and he used his meager English vocabulary in such a way that they did not suspect him and gave him food. “I had no way to tell when I was (See WAR PRISONER, Page A-3.) r don't see WHY cithera I of YOU SHOULD HCSITArej&J I sV THAT THE Time IS HEM / FOR EVERY CITIZEW To DO ) \ HI& DurY WHETHCR HE / WANTS Tt> OR NOT Army Wants Motor Companies to Make Aircraft Cannon $14,000,000 Plants Listed for Erection Within Next Year Bj th« Associated Press. The Army was disclosed today to be negotiating with General Motors and the Chrysler Corp. for opera tion of two aircraft cannon fac tories scheduled to be erected by the Government within the next year. Publication of House committee hearings on the pending $4,800. 000.000 defense bill revealed officially for the first time that the Army planned, as the result of lessons learned from Europe's war, to mount cannon on its combat air planes. In Europe, the use of armor on planes had been widely adopted. Comparable in size and power to the present anti-tank weapon used by the Army, the 37-mU’fmetei guns would supplement the 30 and 50 caliber machine guns now mounted on planes. To Cost 514.000,000. Maj. Gen. C. M. Wesson, Chief of Ordnance, told the House com mittee that he expected to com plete contracts for the construction of the plants, to cost $14,000,000 for both, by September 1. They would be in operation a year later, he said. Meanwhile, he said, the Army is “getting an order started" with the Bendix Corp.. at Bendix. N. J.. but rather than build a new plant there near the Atlantic coast will con struct two in the Middle West. Ben dix facilities may be expanded, however. To take care of immediate re quirements, Gen. Wesson said, the Army also is seeking to place an order with Chrysler prior to con struction of the new factories. Chrysler and General Motors would operate the new plants, under present plans. Need Larger Guns. Gen. Wesson said it would re quire two and a half to three years to complete enough guns to outfit the planes being purchased for Army-Navy aircraft expansion. Some 37-mm, cannon are now be ing manufactured by the Colt Arms Co., which received an order for $2,000,000 or more this week, but its facilities are limited. Gen. Wesson said. New plants are necessary, he added. "The information coming from abroad.” he said, "indicates that we have got to have guns of higher power on airplanes than we have had in the past, which were .30 and .50 caliber.” Week End to Be Cool, Forecaster Predicts The forecaster had more good news today for a city which swel tered two weeks before getting a break from the Weather Bureau. The temperature shouldn’t go above 83 this afternoon, and prob ably will get down to 65 early to morrow. while the general forecast has an equally pleasant sound: "Fair and continued cool tonight; tomorrow and Sunday generally fair with slowly rising temperatures, accompanied by gentle east winds.” The mercury got down to a chilly 63 at 5:30 this a.m.. and yesterday afternoon climbed no higher than 81—comfortable extremes whiah, although residents may not remem ber, are by no means unusual at this season. R. T. Oliphants Divorced RENO, Aug. 2 (£>).—Eleanor E. Oliphant and Robert T. Oliphant, socially prominent in Philadelphia, were divorced yesterday. They were married at Belair, Md., August 16, 1930. Hitler's Leaflets Bring Red Cross 10 Cents Apiece By the Associated Press. LONDON, Aug. 2.—Souvenir collectors paid six pence (about 10 cents) apiece for Adolf Hit ler's leaflets dropped in South western England last night. The proceeds were donated to the Red Cross. Ship Crew Fells Plane and Takes Wreckage Home By the Associated Press. EDINBURGH, Aug. 2—The little coastal steamer Highlander moved proudlv into port today, the wreck age of a German Heinkel bomber on her deck—one of twTo planes her merchant sailor gunners brought down early today in a fight off the northeast coast. They said the other plane fell in flames into the sea. Two of the men on the steamer were wounded. The pilot of the first Heinkel ap parently fell into the sea. "We heard bombers circling over the ship." said the first mate, de scribing the action, "and one of them opened fire on us with cannon and machine guns. “Our boys held their fire until they got the plane in their sights, then gave it a fast burst.” The first bomber crashed and the other after machine-gunning the steamer made off. Half an hour later it wras back, the mate said, but the Highlander's gunners got it almost at once. The plane caught fire as it fell nearby and flames momentarily menaced the »hip, but were quickly extinguished. Traffic Victim Dies After Waiting Nearly Hour for Ambulance Five Urgent Calls Made While Injured Man Lay on Pavement (Picture on Page A-3.) A 62-year-old man who lay by his wrecked automobile for 55 min utes while waiting for an ambulance to respond to five urgent calls, died today less than three hours after being admitted to Casualty Hos pital. The victim was William E. Greaves, 3819 Twentieth street N.E. He received head injuries, in ternal injuries and a broken right arm in a collision of his automooue and a bus at Twenty-secona and Quincy streets N.E. There was no indication, however, that Mr. Greaves would have sur vived even if he had been rushed immediately to a hospital. Immediately after Mr. Greaves’ death, Inspector L. I. H. Edwards, acting superintendent of police, said he would ask for a full report on the accident from Capt. Oscar J. Letterman of No. 12 precinct. Wife Comforts Him. Dr. Frank R. Shea. 4100 Twenty second street N.E., who treated Mr. Greaves at the scene, said he had advised police not to move him to a scout car or patrol wagon, whic^t were at the scene. The wife of the injured man, Mrs. Emma Greaves, summoiCed from home, comforted him at least 40 (See-TRAFFIC, Page A-3.) I Secretary Knox Asks Naval Contractors To Avoid Delays Also Urges Precautions Against 'Unnecessary' Labor Migration By NELSON SHEPARD. Calling attention to labor short ages which threaten to retard the defense program. Secretary of the Navy Knox today urged naval con- j tractors to use all precautionary measures to prevent delays and halt! "unnecessary migration" of labor. He appealed especially to contrac tors to recognize the importance of diminishing the ranks of unemployed and to prevent by all practicable means the "pirating or scamping" of labor. The enticing of men from one employer to work for another, he warned, "leads eventually to un economical and disastrous results." Industry should start apprentice courses. Secretary Knox declared, to help supply the "imperative need” for skilled journeymen and me chanics. Increase in Employes. Discussing the labor requirements of the Navy in connection with the national defense program. Secretary Knox issued the following state ment: "The Navy Department has re cently entered into contracts for large amounts of shipbuilding, shore construction and other work in con nection with the national defense program. Additional contracts will be made from time to time to con form to the progressive requirements of national defense, and as appro priations therefore are made to the Navy Department by Congress. In the navy yards and naval stations also the work in hand and* con templated is calling for a very con siderable increase in the number of civil employes under the Navy De partment. "It is already evident that in cer tain localities and in certain spe cialized trades and occupations a shortage of skilled labor exists. The Navy Department is collaborating with other Federal agencies and with organized labor to meet this situation. The Secretary of the Navy takes this opportunity to urge on ail naval contractors to foresee their labor requirements and to in form, as far in advance as possible^ State and Federal employment serv ices and others concerned of such needs in order that there may be as little delay as possible in supply ing the required personnel and to avoid unnecessary migration of labor. “It is also urged that recognition (See LABOR, Page A-5.) Finds 30-Ounce Gold Nugget NEVADA CITY. Calif., Aug. 2 (AO. —Jack Sheedy, Downieville miner, said today he had found a 30-ounce solid gold nugget in an old river channel. Sheady valued the nugget at $1,000. Summary of Today's Star Page. Amusements, B-4-5 Comics..B-10-11 Editorials - A-8 Finance ...A-15 Lost, Found, B-6 Obituary -.A-10 Page. Radio _B-10 Serial Story, B-5 Society _B-3 Sports, .-A-ll-14 Woman’s Page _B-2 Foreign R. A. F. bombers ruin Hamburg, British claim. Page A-l British battleship fired in bombing, Italians report. Page A-2 Gestapo influences Japan’s home af fairs, British charge. Page A-3 France will begin trials of former leaders August 8. Page A-3 Russian Parliament takes up union with Baltic states. Page A-4 Notional. Army asks motor firms to operate plane cannon plants. Page A-l House group favors tax exemptions for defense costs. Page A-l Refugees, not "foreign agents,” held at Canal Zone. Page A-l Knox cites need of skilled labor for naval construction. Page A-l Selective training “essential” to de fense, President says. Page A-l Move to delay action on conscrip tion gains strength. Page A-l Units of four U.- 8. armies move to theoretical battles. Page A-3 Washington and Vicinity. Rayburn sees House approval of suffrage In 10 days. Page A-l District Department of Legion opens three-day convention. Page A-5 Agency placed 19,808 in private jobs here this year. Page B-l Editorial and Comment This and That. Page A-10 Answers to Questions. Page A-10 Letters to The Star. Page A-10 David Lawrence. Page A-ll Alsop and Kintner. Page A-ll Frederic William Wile. Page A-ll Constantine Brown. Page A-ll Sports Rowe, with Newsom injured, comes to Tigers’ rescue. Page A-ll Sullivan is called most colorful of heavy champs. Page A-12 Lightning class sloop will take part in regatta. Page A-13 Behnke, ex-Minnesota champ, threat in ringer tourney. Page A-l« Miscellany . Vital Statistics. Page A-10 Service Orders. Page B-6 Nature’s Children. Page B-6 Bedtime Story. Page B-10 Letter-Out. Page B-10 Winning Contract. Page B-ll Uncle Ray’s Comer. Page B-ll Cross-Word Puzzle. Page B-ll House Approval Of Suffrage Plan In 10 Days Seen Ashurst Appoints Senate Group to Hold Hearings House approval within 1.0 days of the amended Sumners resolution providing for a constitutional amendment empowering Congress to grant national representation to the voteless residents of the Dis trict was predicted today by Ma jority Leader Rayburn. At the same time. Chairman Ashurst of the Senate Judiciary Committee appointed a special sub committee to consider the proposal to give the District representation in both House and Senate, as con tained in the original Sumners reso lution. This resolution was introduced in the Senate by Chairman King of the Senate District Commit tee, who Is ranking Democrat on the Judiciary Committee and who asked Senator Ashurst to expedite Senate action on the proposed con stitutional amendment. He empha sized that a number of persons had come to him who were dissatisfied because the House Judiciary Com mittee's action in amending the Sumners resolution had eliminated for all time any possibility of the District ever having representation in the Senate. King Heads Subcommittee. t A strong advocate of national representation for the District. Senator Ashurst, Democrat, of Arizona selected Senator King as chairman of the subcommittee. The other members are Senators McCar ran of Nevada, who was a member of the Democratic Platform Com mittee in Chicago which approved the D. C. suffrage plank; Hughes of Delaware, Austin of Vermont and Taft of Ohio. Senators McCarran and Hughes are Democrats, Austin and Taft Republicans. Except for Senator Taft, the entire subcommit tee is composed of Senators who also serve on the District Committee. The subcommittee is not expected to swing into action until the House acts on the revised Sumners reso lution. However. Senator King paved the way for speedy considera tion by his introduction in the Senate of the duplicate of the original national representation resolution sponsored in the House by Representative Sumners, chair man of the House Judiciary Com mittee. This resolution, as well as several others providing for na tional representation for the Dis trict. is now before the Senate Judiciary Committee. Measure Approved. 14 to 3. Mr. Rayburn made his prediction of House action on the modified Sumners resolution within 10 days after the House Judiciary Commit tee approved it yesterday by a 14-to 3 vote. The three who voted against the amended resolution were Repre sentatives Hobbs. Democrat, of Ala bama; Gwynne. Republican, of Iowa .and Monkiewicz, Republican, of Connecticut. In order to expedite House con sideration of the resolution as it came out of the Judiciary Commit tee. Chairman Sumners said he would ask the House Rules Com mittee to meet Tuesday to grant a special rule to give it a preferred status. Otherwise the resolution would fiave to await its regular turn on the House calendar, and there are 24 other resolutions ahead of it. Two Changes Made. Two changes were made by the House Judiciary Committee in the original Sumners resolution. One change substituted “House of Rep resentatives" for “Congress" as the body in which Congress might give the District representation, thus preventing the District from hav ing representation in the Sen ate. The other would limit to seven years the period allowed the States to ratify the proposed constitutional amendment. This latter provision is the same as was included in the constitutional amendment repealing prohibition. In its present form the resolution would authorize Congress to give to the people of the District, follow ing ratification of the proposed constitutional amendment by 36 of the 48 States, the privilege of vot ing for President and Vice Presi dent and electing their own Rep resentatives in the House. The amendment to the original Sumners resolution which would preclude the District from having representation in the Senate, it is (See SUFFRAGE. Page AS.) Budapest Warns Writers Against Anti-Axis News By the Associated Press. BUDAPEST, Aug. 2.—The For eign Office Press Bureau warned foreign newspaper correspondents today against reporting news “which is either against Germany or Italy or which is in opposition with known political principles and policies of the axis.” Diplomatic sources interpreted the prohibition as a frank move to fit Hungarian censorship into accord with the censorships of the Rome Berlin partners. The Foreign Office statement, read by telephone to the correspondents, warned them “to avoid every such report which tries to contrast dif ferences between the axis and Rus sia or which seeks to show that the axis is endeavoring to subjugate smaller nations.” The statement, explaining the in junctions, specifically mentioned that "it is essential” to avoid report ing “that Germany is planning the territorial division of Slovakia.” “Reports such as these are not true.” the voice continued, “and are the product of enemy propaganda.” Use of the word "enemy” puzzled foreign observers sine* Hungary is officially neutral.