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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, August 03, 1940, Image 1

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* ’
Weather Forecast An Evening Newspaper*
Fair and continued cool tonight; tomor* Wifh tka Full Dnv'c kj#w<
, row cloudy and slightly warmer. Tem- vv,rn rnc run Wa' 5 6 5
peratures today—Highest, 74, at 1 p.m.; LOCAL—NATIONAL—FOREIGN
lowest. 63, at 3:15 a.m. Associated Press and (/Pi Wirephotos. North
Prom the United States weather Bureau report. American Newspaper Alliance. Chicago
^ Pull details on Page A-2. Dally News Foreign Service and The Star's
—- -- —. Stall Writers. Reporters and Photogfaphers.
Closina N. Y. Morten-S.1.!, Po9e II, ___ _
SSth YEAR. No. 35,158._WASHINGTON, D.. C., SATURDAY, AUGUST 3, 1910 —THIRTY PAGES. **THREE CENTS.
British Empire
Rounding Up
Japanese
Tokio's Ambassador
Protests Arrest
Of 2 in London
Br the Associated Press.
LONDON. Aug. 3.—Britain fol
lowed up the arrests of many of her
prominent subjects in Japan with
an empire-wide roundup of Japanese
today, including the two London
representatives of the powerful Mit
subishi and Mitsui banking interests,
but authoritative sources here in
sisted the British action was not
retaliatory.
The arrest here last night of Sa
toru Makihara and Shunsukei Ta
nabe. London managers of Mitsu
bisni and Mitsui, respectively, and
the arrests of Japanese subjects in
other parts of the British Empire
were coupled with unconfirmed ru
mors of the uncovering' of a wide
spread spy ring branching from
London throughout the empire,
notably Canada, Australia and
Burma.
Reports of the alleged spy ring,
published here without specific ref
erence to the arrests, said the mem
bers of the ring had been allowed to
operate in peace “until they were
involved hopelessly.”
Strong Protest Registered.
The parallel between these ac- !
counts and the Japanese action in ;
arresting Britons in Japan on
charges of operating a spy ring were I
■ considered significant, even though |
British authorities stoutly insisted
there was no element of reprisal in
their action.
The Japanese Embassy registered
a "strong protest" with the British
government over the arrest of Maki- i
hara and Tanabe, the two most
prominent Japanese business men j
in London.
Japanese Ambassador Mamoru
Shigemitsu was reported to have
demanded in an interview with For
eign Minister Lord Halifax that the
British government release the two
prominent Japanese businessmen.
Unofficially, it was reported the
arrests had been made under war
time alien regulations for reasons of
"national security.”
Retaliation Denied.
Authoritative circles denied re
ports that the arrests were in re
taliation for the mass arrests of
British subjects in Japan and Korea,
nine of whom still are in custody,
and described their timing as "pure
coincidence" growing out of investi
gations which have been under way
for some months unijgr Britain's
stringent defen.se of the realm regu
lations.
Tire British position was that in
a widespread drive against enemy
sympathizers and possible spies
people of all nationalities have been
detained, among them some Jap
anese.
To link such arrests with the in
cidents in Japan and assert they
are retaliatory merely because they
followed on the heels of the arrests
in Japan, these sources said, was
drawing an unwarranted conclusion.
Seized Under Aliens Order.
Ambassador Shigemitsu personally
Went to the British Foreign Office
with the protests against the arrests.
The two men w-ere understood to
have been arrested under the aliens
order of the defense regulations,
which gives the Home Secretary
power to deport aliens or order
their detention. The Home Office,
however, refused any comment this
morning.
A spokesman at the Japanese
Embassy said:
“We are flabbergasted at the ac
tion which has been taken."
He added that Ambassador Shige
mitsu. in addition to lodging a
protest, had asked full details of
and reasons for the arrests.
The spokesman described the two
men as "very pro-British and very
sympathetic to Britain.”
"We cannot possibly imagine any
thing on their part to invite sus
picion or give the impression they
infringed on the regulations of this
country,” he said.
"We hope everything can be set
tled satisfactorily,” he added.
Japan Charged Spy Ring.
Japan's arrests of the Britons
were made on charges a British
spy ring was operating in Japan.
On Tuesday, British Foreign Sec
retary Lord Halifax told Parliament
that such charges had “no founda
tion whatsoever.”
Lord Halifax at fhe same time
said the British government took a
“serious view" of the arrests of the
(See ROUNDUP. Page A-3.)~
Freemasonry Is Ordered
Dissolved in France
i
By the Associated Press.
VICHY. France, Aug. 3.—'The Pe
tain government has ordered dis
solution of Freemasonry and all
other secret societies in France, it
was announced today.
The press charged Freemasonry
with offenses ranging from sapping
the morale of France to undermin
t lng Marshal Petains efforts to re
establish the "work, family and
fatherland" idea among the people.
The newspaper Le Nouvelliste of
Lyon declared “our foreign enemies
never would have been able to suc
ceed against us in France had not
been literally assassinated by the
venom of secret lodges.”
The newspaper asserted that
Freemasonry systematically de
prived the French of their ideals,
adding:
France without ideals has be
come a defeated France."
Charging that Freemasons me
thodically applied their international
orders to the constant detriment of
France. Le Nouvelliste said “they
not only worked to de-Christianize
the country, but also to corrupt and
destroy the three principles Mar
shal Petain has decided to re-estab
lish in all their essential virtues:
Work, family and fatherland.”
4 %
Three Armed Merchant Vessels
Sunk by Planes, Nazis Claim
Destruction of Seven British Warships
On Cruise Credited to Single Sub
Br the Associated Press.
BERLIN, Aug. 3.—German bomb
ers sank three armed enemy mer
chantmen in raids off Harwich and
the Hebrides yesterday, the high
command reported today, and a lone
U-boat during a long-distance
cruise bagged seven armed mer
chantmen totaling 56,108 tons.
Other blows against England men
tioned by the high command in
cluded individual air raids last night
on oil tanks along the Thames,
causing "extensive fires,” and raids
on anti-aircraft positions.
These and all previous German air
rails on England, however, have been
"mere pin pricks,” Aviation Gen.
Karl Schweickard said today. The
Nazi air force is prepared, he added,
for a paralyzing simultaneous
blanket attack against the island
kingdom from Scandinavia, the
North Sea coast and the coasts of
France. But he did not say when
it might begin.
During the month of July. Ger
man sources said, Adolf Hitler’s
armed forces shot down 350 enemy
planes and sank 260.000 tons of mer
chant shipping and 25,000 tons of
war vessels.
In addition. 350,000 tons of com
mercial shipping were badly dam
aged and 55.000 tons of warships
damaged in the same period, these
sources said.
The 25,000 tons of warships in
clude one 10,000-ton cruiser, one
7,000-ton auxiliary cruiser, two de
stroyers totaling 2,200 tons, two sub
marines totaling 2.000 tons, two pa
trol bgats totaling 1.800 tons, it was
asserted, and some smaller boats.
The 55,000 tons of damaged war
vessels included four cruisers total
ing 32,000 tons, eight destroyers to
taling 9,500 tons, four patrol boats
totaling 1,200 tons and other vessels
such as mine sweepers.
The high command's communique
(See BERLIN, Page A-3.)
Bulletin
The Japanese government for
mally objected today to the em
bargo recently announced by
President Roosevelt against ex
portation of aviation gasoline to
countries outside the Western
Hemisphere.
Japanese Leader's
Representations to
French Reported
Action by Chief of
Indo-China Contraband
Control Disclosed
By the Associated Press
HONG KONG. Aug. 3—Domei.
Japanese news agency, reported to
day the acting chief of Japanese
contraband control in French Indo
China “made important representa
tions” of an undisclosed nature to
Vice Admiral Decoux, Petain
appointed governor general of the
French colony.
The new totalitarian Japanese
government announced this week its
intention to bring “Greater East
Asia. ’ including Indo-China and the
Neth°rland Indies, under its hege
mony.
The representations coincided w'ith
the arrival in Tokio of Gen. Ishaku
Nishihara. chief of Japanese inspec
tors, to confer with Premier Prince
Konoye.
The Domei report aroused Chinese
apprehensions that Japan was mov
ing to extend her influence in Indo
China. By agreement with France,
Japan recently placed inspectors in
the French colony to cut off war
supplies to the Chungking govern
ment.
Recurrent rumors of a Japanese
naval concentration in southern wa
ters brought denials in reliable quar
ters, which expressed belief the re
ports arose from the presence of
Japanese vessels in various ports
where they took shelter from storms
last week.
Removal of British women from
Hong Kong was completed today
with departure of the final group of
57 bound for Australia. Authorities
said no further compulsory evacua
tion is contemplated for the present.
Archbishop Curley
Honored by Gen. Franco
By the Associated Press.
MADRID. Aug. 3.—Generalissimo
Franco in “signal token of my ap
preciation” has awarded eight
Americans the Great Cross of Isa
bella, Catholic Spain’s highest deco
ration for civilians.
His decree, dated May 24. was not
published until today in the official
bulletin.
The recipients included four
Catholic churchmen—George Cardi
nal Mundelein, Archbishop of Chi
cago, who died October 2, 1939, upon
whom the award was conferred
posthumously; Dennis Cardinal
Dougherty. Archbishop of Philadel
phia; Michael J. Curley, Archbishop
of Baltimore and Washington, and
Thomas Molloy. Bishop of Brooklyn.
The other four included Ogden
H. Hammond, former United States
Ambassador to Spain; Dr. Alex
ander Hamilton Rice, the Boston
explorer: Commendatore Gaetano
Vecchiotti, Italian Consul General
in New York, and William Cameron
Forbes, former Ambassador to
Japan.
Mrs. Clyde Pangborn
To Divorce Airman
By the Associated Press.
LOS ANGELES, Aug. 3.—The
Examiner says Swana Beaucaire,
French screen actress, will leave to
morrow for Reno, Nev., to divorce
Clyde Pangborn, round-the-world
flyer.
"We are still very good friends,”
Mrs. Pangborn was quoted, “but his
work as a representative of the
Canadian government keeps Clyde
constantly on the move. We have
seen but little of each other for
some time.”
She flew here last week with
Pangborn from New York. He is
enlisting aviation instructors for
the Canadian government. The
25-year-old actress and dress de
signer met the aviator at St. Moritz,
Switzerland, in 1937 and they were
married in Southampton, England,
March 30, 1939.
Reds Seg War Spread
To Far East Colonies
By the Associated Prese.
MOSCOW, Aug. 3.—The Soviet
Russian government newspaper
Izvestia declared today that Euro
pean colonial possessions threatened
to spread the war into a “world im
perialist war.”
*
U. S. Lets Contracts
For New Air Bases
On Alaska Islands
Defenses to Be Bolstered
Near Russian and
Japanese Territory
By ROBERT BRUSKIN.
The Navy pointed a dollar mark
today at a new threat to Western
Hemisphere security and awarded
contracts to strengthen Alaskan de
fenses near a new Russian base at
Big Diomede Island in Behring
Strait.
Acting two weeks after a Coast
Guard cutter brought word of Soviet
military and aviation activity on the
island, which is only a mile from
American-owned Little Diomede,
the Navy ordered $4,305,000 spent
for air bases on Kodiak and Un
alaska Islands. The bases will be lo
cated on United States territory
closest to Japan. «
The base at Kodiak, in the Gulf
of Alaska, has been under construc
tion for several months and the
syndicate of three companies hack
ing the airport from rock-strewn
fields also received the contract for
the base at Unalaska. in addition
to new funds for Kodiak.
Less than two months ago the
Army reinforced its Alaska ground
forces with infantry, artillery and
anti-ahm-aft troom.
Gen. Arnold Returns.
Ma.i. Gen. Hemy H. Arnold, chief
of the Army Air Corps, returned
from Alaska today and reported
that work on the new air base at
Fairbanks had advanced so rapidly
that cold weather tests and train
ing could begin in November, a
year ahead of schedule.
Construction of the Fairbanks
base was deemed imperative by
the general staff to give the Air
Corps an opportunity to train its
pilots and test its equipment in
sub-zero temperatures, particularly
in view of developments in the
Russo-Finnish War. Reports that
Russia was fortifying bases close
to Alaska also were a determining
factor.
Gen. Arnold said that at Anchor
age the runways already had been
laid out and cleared and founda
tions completed for temporary bar
racks. A battalion of infantry to
guard the airdrome is on the site
and quartered in tents. Funds for
the project became available July 1.
Plane Delays Reported.
Meanwhile, from unofficial but
authoritative sources came the re
port today that the Army and Navy
have obtained delivery on less than
700 warplanes since September 1—11
months ago—when the Nazis pa
raded through Poland. The Navy
was said to have obtained about 290
warplanes. The Army has kept a
tight silence on the number received.
President Roosevelt, at his press
conference yesterday, criticized re
ports in Chicago and New York
newspapers that the airplane pro
curement program had bogged down.
At, the request of the President
Robert W. Horton, Defense Com
mission information director, gave
reporters a detailed account of the
(See DEFENSE. Page A-2.)
Mercury at- Record Low
HARTFORD. Conn.. Aug. 3 (/P).—
Hartford, sweltering under record
breaking heat a week ago, ex
perienced the coolest August 3 in
Weather Bureau history today when
the mercury dropped to 50 degrees.
Last Saturday a temperature of
94 was a record high for the date
in Hartford.
Summary of Today's Star
Page.
Amusements,
B-14
Church News,
A-12-13
Comics . B-12-13
Editorials .. A-8
Finance ...A-ll
Garden Page A-7
Page.
Lost. Found B-6
Obituary .. A-10
Radio_B-12
Real Estate B-l-6
Serial Story.A-10
Society _A-8
Sports ..A-14-15
Foreign
Japanese are rounded up in British
Empire. Page A-l
German bombers stab repeatedly at
British Isles. Page A-l
Japanese representations to French
reported. Page A-l
Government changes are expected
in British crisis. Page A-S
National.
Bi-partisan bloc to oppose con
scription discussed. Page A-l
Contracts awarded to strengthen de
fenses in Alaska. Page A-l
Washington and Vicinity.
Special rule for representation reso
lution Is predicted. Page A-l
District National Guard units leave
for camp tomorrow. Pace A-16
I
Nazi Bombers
Stab Repeatedly
At British Isles
Explosive Dropped
On Welsh Town;
Several Jnjured
By th* Associated Press.
LONDON. Aug. 3.—German bomb
ing planes stabbed repeatedly at
Britain in broad daylight today,
continuing a series of scattered raids
which had ranged from the south
east coast to Scotland under cover
of darkness.
Several were injured by bombs
dropped in one Welsh town, but
damage was said to be small. Nazi
planes also appeared over South
western England during the morn
ing.
Four high explosive bombs fell
near a village in East Scotland, de
stroying a chicken house and kill
ing 18 pullets, but no other damage
was reported.
In predawn raids over Scotland
more than 50 incendiary bombs were
dropped.
Midlands Also visited.
Other areas visited by the raiders
during the night included the Mid
lands, Southeast England and the
Bristol Channel sector.
A joint communique issued by the
Ministries of Air and Home Se
curity said:
"There was some enemy activity,
during last night and bombs werd*
dropped in Northeast Scotland, the
Midlands. Southeast England and
the Bristol Channel area.
“No substantial damage is re
ported except from a town in the
Bristol Channel area, where some
bombs fell in a residential district,
damaged a church, a school and
other buildings and caused a few
minor casualties."
The ports of Bristol and Cardiff
are the principal cities on Bristol
Channel.
Hundreds Declared Killed.
i "Many hundreds" of Italians have
been killed and large quantities of
war booty, including many aban
doned tanks, guns and vehicles, have
fallen into British hands in fighting
on the Libyan frontier, an Exchange
Telegraph dispatch from Cairo said
today.
A communique issued by British
Army headquarters in Cairo said:
"A statement emanating from
London was published in Egypt yes
terday giving the British casualties
(on the Libyan frontier) accurately
as 30 killed, wounded and missing.
"The Italian casualties were given
as 20 killed, 20 wounded and 472
- captured.
! "This -comparison was most mis
leading, as the 20 Italians killed
include only those actually buried
by the British and the wounded
are only those wounded and taken
prisoners. The actual number of
prisoners, moreover, now is 818. riot
472.
Dead Lying t’nburfed.
"The total number of enemy killed
and wounded runs into many hun
dreds. Their (the Italians') costly
adventure in re-occupying Port
Capuzzo alone exposed them to very
heavy casualties in men, guns,
tanks, vehicles and material of all
kinds.
"Ground and air observers fre
quently reported large numbers of
dead lying unburied around enemy
positions. Derelict tanks and me
chanized transport equipment can
I ( See LONDON, Page A-3~!
_
Two Die, Three Injured
In Blowout Accident
By the Associated Press.
FREDERICKSBURG. Va„ Aug. 3.
—Two colored women were killed
and three colored men injured early
this morning 13 miles south of here
on route 1 when the car in which
they were riding overturned several
times after a tire reportedly blew
out.
The dead are Helen Harrison, 31,
Elizabeth, N. J., and Pearl Carr, 38,
Brooklyn. N. Y. The injtred, all in
a local hospital, are William L.
Carr, William Dunson, both of
Brooklyn, and Nickerson Harrison
of Elizabeth. None is believed se
riously hurt.
Comfortable Weather
Predicted for Week End
Washington will enjoy comfort
able weather this week end, the
Weather Bureau reported today.
A maximum temperature of about
77 degrees was expected today, with
tomorrow slightly warmer and
cloudy. Tonight will be fair and
cool.
Lowest temperature last night
was 63 at 3:15 a.m. A low of 66
is predicted for tonight.
Editorial and Comment
This and That. Page A-8
Answers to Questions. Page A-8
Letters to The Star. Page A-8
David Lawrence. Page A-9
G. Gould Lincoln. Page A-9
Constantine Brown. Page A-9
Alsop and Kintner. Page A-9
Jay Franklin. Page A-9
Sports
Reds lose five of six games in year’s
first slump. Page A-14
Kovacs-McNeill net final pepped by
contrasting spirit. page A-14
Gee Walker’s poor play seemingly
dooms him as Nat. Page A-14
Lacey is high qualifier in The Star
horseshoe tourney. Page A-15
Miscellany
Nature’s Children. Page A-6
Vital Statistics. Page A-9
Service Orders. Page A-9
Letter-Out. Page B-12
Bedtime Story. Page B-12
Winning Contract. Page B-12
Uncle Ray’s Corner. Page B-13
Cross-Word Puzzle. Page B-1S
A
v ( WELCOME TO Your new home. "\
\ ED, BUT You BETTER KEEPTNAT}
V ANIMAL IN THE BACKYARD! S
4 . i. . . i 'i' ii±111 ii~i "NHr r Vs
' \ I
democratic
National'|i
Committee'
Roosevelt Saves
McAffee From Chair
With Life Sentence
Slayer, Ten Times
Sentenced to Death,
Gets Commutation
•President Roosevelt today snatched
from the electric chair William Mc
Affee, 63-year-old colored man. who
has been sentenced at least 10 times
to die for murder.
The President commuted the sen
tence against McAffee. slated to be
executed August 23, to life impris
onment. McAffee has been con
victed of the murder charge twice,
and his case has been carried to the
Supreme Court.
McAffee was found guilty of killing
Henrietta B. Anderson August 23.
1937, in an apartment house in the
1600 block of L street N.W.. where
he was a janitor. Mrs. Anderson
was beaten to death with a furnace
shaker.
Doubt on Confession.
The President was said to have
been Influenced in the decision to
spare McAffee's life by these points:
There is conflicting evidence as to
whether McAffee's confession was
voluntary: there is a question
whether McAffee understood the
nature of his confession: on ac
count of his drunken condition
there is a question of McAffee's
capacity to have had the necessary
premeditation and deliberation that
go with first-degree murder.
On June 3 the Supreme Court
declined to review the conviction of
McAffee. although half a dozen
prominent lawyers of the Justice
Department, including Solicitor
General Francis Biddle, had told
the court that they would have
been “extremely reluctant" to re
turn a flrst-degre conviction against
him.
Given Second Trial.
The action of the Justice Depart
ment attorneys was considered very
unusual, since the Government pros
ecutors had opposed a review of the
case.
McAffee's defense at his two trials
was that he was so drunk he did
not know what he was doing. His
attorneys, Robert I. Miller and Jo
seph A. McMenamin. also contended
that police had used mental third
degree methods upon him after his
arrest.
After McAffee's first conviction he
was given a new trial by the United
States Court of Appeals, and the
appellate tribunal last spring sus
tained the second finding of guilty
of first-degree murder.
McAffee was first convicted Octo
ber 28, 1937. Mrs. Anderson was
killed as she lay on a couch in her
apartment, No motive was ad
vanced for the slaying.
Mrs. Anderson, who was 36. was
killed by three blows which crushed
her skull. Her body was found by
her niece, Miss Roberta Lucas, who
shared a small apartment with her.
McAffee, befuddled with drink,
was arrested shortly after the slay
ing in his quarters in the basement
of the apartment building. Police
said they obtained a confession the
following day.
British Fleet Reported
To Have Quit Gibraltar^
By the Associated Press.
GRENOBLE, France, Aug. 3.—Le
Petit Dauphinois published a dis
patch from Tangier, Spanish Mo
rocco, today that the British fleet
at Gibraltar sailed west into the
Atlantic yesterday to aid in the de
fense of England.
The dispatch said the fleet di
vided into two groups, included five
submarines, seven destroyers, two
plane carriers, three cruisers and
three auxiliary ships.
Gibraltar Bombed Again.
ROME, Aug. 3 (/F).—II Giomale
d’ltalia in a dispatch from Algeciras.
Spain, today said Gibraltar was
bombed again last night and that
Spanish observers saw several hits
scored on principal military objec
tives at the big British base despite
intense anti-aircraft Are.
King Haakon Marks
His 68th Birthday
B? the Associated Press.
LONDON, Aug. 3.—King Haakon
of Norway, who fled June 9 after
halting Norwegian resistance to the
German invasion, observed his 69th
birthday here today. ■
4
Japan to Dispatch
Hitler-Duce Envoy
For Axis Accord
\
Br fhe Associated Press.
TOKIO. Aug. 3 (Via Radio).
—Domei. Japanese news agency,
said today the Japanese gov
ernment is considering the dis
patch of Foreign Minister Mat
suoka to Berlin and Rome to
conduct negotiations for closer
relations with the axis powers.
Domei said the new cabinet
of Premier Prince Konoye de
sires a "strong political en
tente" with Germany and Italy,
regulation of relations with
Russia and construction of a
"big Far Eastern bloc even at
the risk of possible friction with
the United States."
Pressure on Rumania
By Hitler Is Laid
To Fear of Reds
Strong Communist Current
In Hungary Reported
Near Danger Point
By the As»ccl»t»d Press.
BUCHAREST, Aug. 3 (Passed by
Censor).—Fear of Communism
: spreading in Southeast Europe
! prompted Adolf Hitler's advice to
I Rumania to settle her territorial
! differences with Hungary, Transyl
vanian leaders said they were told
today by Rumanian Foreign Min
ister Mihail Manoilescu.
Those attending the meeting aT
which Manoilescu spoke quoted him
as saying he had been advised a
strong Communist movement in
Hungary was approaching the dan
ger point and that the hands of the
Budapest government would be
strengthened to cope with it by ter
ritorial gains.
Exchange of Populations.
Transfer of 1.500.000 to 2.000.000
persons to the countries of their an
cestry is Adolf Hitler's plan for dis
posing of Rumanian-Hungarian ter
ritorial problems, regardless of how
much land Rumania ultimately
cedes, German diplomatic circles
said today.
Under this scheme, all Hungarians
in Rumania would be returned to
Hungary; all Germans in any ceded
territory of the disputed Province of
Transyivania would be removed to
the Reich, and all Rumanians in
such areas, as well as present Hun
gary, would be transplanted into
Rumania.
According to latest estimates,
there are 1.400.000 Hungarians in all
Rumania; 500,000 Germans in Tran
sylvania. which Rumania gained
from Hungary in the World War
settlement, and 100,000 Rumanians
in Hungary.
Negotiations Limited.
German circles said the recent
axis-Balkan conferences had lim
ited Rumanian-Hungarian negotia
tions to a semi-circular frontier area
taking in two large Transylvanian
cities.
They said Hungary's representa
tives began by demanding all Tran
sylvania, then asked for the border
zones plus a corridor in a section
where Hungary claims to have a
large majority, but that both de
mands were rejected.
These sources declared the Ru
manian ministers were assured of
frontier guarantees as well as eco
nomic, cultural and financial sup
port from the Reich as soon as Nazi
territorial and economic questions
are settled—presumably at the end
of the war.
They asserted the Hungarians had
violated their agreement by making
a public clamor for more territory
than had been agreed upon.
Talks Open Wednesday.
Rumania will open territorial
concession talks with Bulgaria next
Wednesday, when Bulgarian Foreign
Minister Ivan Popoff and Finance
Minister Dobri Bojiloff will arrive
in Bucharest, informed sources said.
Bulgaria claims Southern Dobruja,
which Rumania won in 1913. Con
versations with Hungary will fol
low, it is expected.
Rumanian Emissary
Arrives in Bulgaria
SOFIA, Bulgaria, Aug. 3 UP).—
Victor Kadare, Rumanian Minister
to Yugoslavia, arrived here today,
indicating preliminary Rumanian
Bulgarian negotiation* over return
of Southern Dobruja to Bulgaria
already are well advanced.
4
< •
Senators Planning
Bi-Partisan Bloc
To Fight Draft
Woodring Opposition
To Training Bill
Cheers Its Critics
(Text of Woodring Letter, Page A-S:j
By the Associated Press.
Opponents of compulsory military
training talked today of forming a
bi-partisan bloc for a Senate floor
battle against peacetime conscrip
tion advocated by President Roose
velt.
Cheered by a statement of Harry
H. Woodring, resigned Secretary
of War, Senators fighting the
Burke-Wadsworth bill considered
trying to attach a voluntary train
ing system to the measure empower
ing the President to call out the
National Guard and Reserve offi
cers.
Senator Wheeler. Democrat, of
Montana told reporters that some
organization of ‘‘both Republicans
and Democrats will be formed to
fight conscription with all the vigor
we possess ”
Although scoffing at the possibility
that a filibuster was being organ
ized. he said:
‘‘This thing will be thoroughly
debated, and of course that debate
will take considerable time.”
Vandenberg Offers Plan.
Senator Vandenberg, Republican,
i of Michigan, another critic of the
| draft legislation, urged that some
system of voluntary enlistment for
[ a year's Army training be tried
along the lines advocated by Mr.
Woodring.
The former cabinet member wrote
Senator Vandenberg advocating
“one year voluntary service at $30
per month.-’ At present the min
imum enlistment in the armed
forces is for three years, with basic
pay of $21 a month.
Mr. Woodring said he had pro
posed seven months ago raising
Army base pay to $30 a month, but
was told that it would be “incon
sistent with the financial program
of the administration." Higher pay
attracts men to the Navy and the
C. C. C., he added.
“How any fairminded member of
Congress.” his letter continued,
“could say that we have given the
voluntary system of enlistment for
the United States Army a fair trial
and that it has broken down, and
therefore we need the compulsory
service, is beyond my understand
ing.”
Wants Full Tryout.
Mr. Woodring suggested that con
scription become operative only when
the Army chief of staff should cer
tify that the voluntary enlistment
system had broken down. If that
system fails, he declared he would
“join with others in obtaining the
number of men, in the necessary
time to defend this country, through
a compulsory system.”
The letter was made public by
Senator Vandenberg last night a
few hours after President Roosevelt
said at a press conference:
“I am distinctly in favor of a se
lective service training bill and I
consider it essential to adequate
national defense.”
Senator Wheeler, commenting on
Mr. Woodring's letter, told reporters:
“Woodring, through his long ex
(See CONSCRIPTION, Page A-IO.)
France Issues Decrees
Restricting Sale of Food
By the Associated Press.
VICHY, Aug. 3.—The French gov
ernment issued new decrees today
restricting the sale of foodstuffs in
another move to guard against
shortage of supplies this winter be
cause of transportation difficulties
and absence of imports.
Restaurants were prohibited from
serving fish or cheese in the same
meal with meats, and from serving
any meat, fowl or rabbit after 3 pm.
During August ration card coupons
will be required to purchase speci
fied articles which are particularly
short and which may be bought only
in limited amounts, such as;
Five hundred grams (slightly over 1
pound) of sugar; 250 grams (a frac
tion over 8 ounces) of spaghetti,
macaroni, etc.; 100 grams (about
3H ounces) of rice; 125 grams (less
than 4)4 ounces) of soap and 200
grams (about 7 ounces) of mar
garine or vegetable oils.
\
King Summons
Conference on
Representation
Senate Unit to Decide
Monday on When to
Conduct Hearings
BACKGROUND—
Plank adopted in Democratic
platform favoring District suf
frage was followed by House Ju
diciary Committee approval of
Sumners resolution for a consti
tutional amendment empowering
Congress to grant District na
tional representation and to
delegate legislative power to a
local government. Committee
limited proposed congressional
power by amending resolution to
make permissive representation
in House, instead, of Congress,
thus preventing representation in
Senate. Original Sumners reso
lution introduced in Senate by
Chairman King of Senate Dis
trict Committee.
Chairman King of a special sub
committee of the Senate Judiciary
Committee appointed to consider
resolutions calling for a constitu
tional amendment empowering Con
gress to grant national representa
tion to the voteless residents of the
District said today his group would
decide definitely Monday w-hether
to proceed immediately with public
hearings or await the outcome of
House action on the amended Sum
ners resolution.
Meantime, there were strong indi
cations the House Rules Committee
w-ould grant a special rule giving the
Sumners' resolution as amended by
I the House Judiciary Committee a
I privileged status on the House cal
endar so if can be called up within
10 days. The House leadership does
not anticipate any difficulty about
granting of the rule. Moreover, a
I poll of the Rules Committee indi
: cates the vote will be practically
unanimous.
Senator King. Democrat, of Utah,
who also is chairman of the Senate
District Committee, has not yet
fixed a definite time for the meeting
of his special subcommittee Mon
day. but expressed the opinion it
would be held in the afternoon.
The delay in fixing a time for the
meeting, he explained, has been due
I to his inability to talk with several
! members who are not in Wash
ington.
Meeting to Be Brief.
"The meeting will be brief," he
declared. "All I intend to do is to
i find out from the members whether
l^hey want to go right ahead with
i hearings or wait until the House
j acts on the Sumners resolution."
! Senator King is sponsor of the
, original Sumners resolution in the
Senate—a resolution which would
authorize the District to have rep
resentation in the Senate as well as
in the House. The House Judiciary’
Committee altered the original
Sumners resolution to substitute
| representation m the House for rep
resentation in Congress.
Chairman Sabath of the rules
group said today that Chairman
Sumners of the Judiciary' Com
mittee, which favorably reported
the resolution by a 14 to 3 vote
Thursday, has not yet asked for a
hearing, but said that "of course"
I it would not be refused him. Mr.
Sumners had previously stated that
he would ask for a hearing on Tues
day.
Representative Sabath and other
veteran members of the committee
said that "doubtless the Rules Com
mittee will go along with Mr.
Sumners." Mr. Sabath said the
hearing will be "sympathetic" and
that personally he is “not opposed
to passage of the resolution." and
that he "thinks the people here in
the District should not be denied
the right to vote as citizens."
Colmer Has Voiced Opposition.
There are 10 Democratic members
on the Rules Committee and four
Republicans. Thus far only one
member has expressed himself as
opposed to the national representa
tion resolution—Representative Col
mer. Democrat, of Mississippi, and
he says he "will listen to reason.”
All of the four Republicans are
expected to support the stand taken
by Minority Leader Martin, who
said that the entire Republican
membership of the House will aid in
passing the resolution. Representa
tive Michener of Michigan, who is
a member of both the Rules and
Judiciary Committee, has been at
tentive for the past 20 years at
hearings on the question of District
suffrage and supported several reso
lutions under Republican adminis
trations. He voted to report the
Sumners resolution from the Judi
ciary Committee on Thursday. Their
colleagues on the Rules Com
mittee say that Representatives
Fish, Halleck and Allen have in
dicated that they will not oppose the
rule and are expected to vote for
the resolution.
Representative Dempsey. Demo
crat, of New Mexico is one of the
most ardent members of the Rules
Committee in favor of representation
for the District and said it should
have been granted years ago. Ha
was one of the first to applaud at
the national convention the action
(See REPRESENTATION, Pg. a-3.)
Naval Flyer Is Killed
In Pensacola Crash
By the Associated Press.
PENSACOLA, Fla., Aug. 3.—Lt.
(j. g.) Alexander Groves, Webster
City, Iowa, was killed when a naval
training plane crashed from an alti
tude of about 800 feet. 2 miles north
of here yesterday afternoon.
Naval authorities said Lt. Groves
was flying in formation, but no de
tails of the crash were available.
He carried no passenger.
Lt. Groves, who came here four
months ago, was graduated from the
United States Naval Academy in
1937 and had been promoted from
ensign a week ago R. W. Groves of
Webster City, his father, la listed
as next of kin.
I

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