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D.C. Legion Indorses
Universal Service, Registry of Firearms Grayson, Arrested at Anti-Conscription Rally, Is Applauded at Session Strongly indorsing resolutions pertaining to national defense and conscription of the Nation's man power, the 22nd annual convention of the Department of the District of Columbia, American Legion, last night presented a united front for American preparedness in a ses sion lasting until 12;45 a.m. Unanimous approval was voiced for the following measures: 1. Universal military service for all persons of military age and physical fitness. 2. Speedy enactment by Congress of the pending Selective Training and Service Act providing trained and seasoned defense forces. 3. Legislation requiring Nation wide registration of all firearms as a curb on possible subversive ac tivities of foreign agents. Convention Ends Tonight. Approximately 500 Legionnaires and their ladies crowded into the flag-draped ballroom of the May flower Hotel to thunder their ap proval of these measures which, spokesmen said, the organization has long advocated. Last night's session was the second of a three day convention, ending tonight. The Resolutions Committee re port. read by James F. Kehoe, urged the anti-conscription group of Sen ators opposing the measure “to re gard realistically the present situa tion of European nations that were unprepared and to reflect upon the fate of this Nation, also inade quately prepared * * • at the hands of ruthless and powerful totalitarian nations of Europe and Asia,” should the European conflict reach these shores. Resolution No. 37 favored immedi ate registration of the country's man power now available for na tional defense and that "selective service conscription be used to draw therefrom a sufficient number of men for training in active service • * * and to provide a reserve for use in an emergency as an auxiliary force or replacements.” More Police, Firemen Asked. Among other resolutions adopted were those calling for increases in the city's police and fire depart ment personnel to strengths recom mended by Maj. Ernest W. Brown and Chief Stephen Porter, respec tive department heads, and a slum clearance program for the District and retention and expansion of all State and Federal programs of that nature. A note of humor was injected into resolutions proceedings when the committee asked the conven tion to approve the views expressed by Edley H. Grayson, 44, an ex Amy sergeant in the World War, who Thursday night interrupted an anti-conscription rally to question Senator Holt. Democrat, of West Virginia about his criticism of the Army camp at Plattsburg, N. Y. Mr. Gwho made his way to the speakerVstand while Senator Holt was talking, was arrested fol lowing a scuffle and charged witai disorderly conduct. The former sergeant forfeited *5 collateral on the charge. The convention gave Mr. Grayson and the resolution loud applause. Sidling Asks Support. The speaking program was brief, most of the evening being devoted to business matters. George Sidling, past commander ©f the New York State department of the Legion, solicited the Dis trict's support of his candidacy for national commander at the na tional convention to be held In Boston September 23-26. He out lined action taken by the New York Legion groups in combating sub versive activities and pledged con tinuance of that campaign if elected. The national candidate was introduced by George Meade, commander of the New York State department of the Legion. Department Comrir. William T. Slattery conducted the session fol lowing the advance of colors by the national guard of honor. The in vocation and benediction was given by Department Chaplain Howard E. Snyder. Several musical numbers were played by the James Reese Europe Post Drum and Trumpet Corps and the James E. Walker Post Band. Trophies Awarded. Prior to the report of the Reso lutions Committee departmental and convention parade trophies were awarded by Paul McGahan and Robert L. Duvall. Nomination of officers for the 1940-1 year ran the session into the early morning. William H. Har grave. commander of Fort Stevens Post, No. 2. was selected depart ment commander without opposi tion, succeeding Mr. Slattery. Other unanimous nominations were Pat rick J. Fitzgibbons, commander of Victory Post, No. 4. as senior vice commander and Basil F. McAllister, welfare officer of the Police and Fire Post, No. 29. as third vice com mander. Joseph J. Malloy, present national executive committeeman, was re named to that post for another term. The only office to be con tested in tonight's formal election is the post of second vice com mander. Nominees for that office are Edna P. Smith, commander of the U. S. S. Jacob Jones Post, No. 2, and Alexander D. MacKinnon, com mander of Potomac Post. No. 40. Two Retired Army Men Injured in Collision Two retired Army officers were re covering today from injuries re ceived when their automobile crashed into the rear of a truck in the 3400 block of Pennsylvania avenue S.E. yesterday and caught fire. The victims—Col. Alonzo Gray, 78, of 3901 Connecticut avenue N.W.. driver of the car. and Brig. Gen. George C. Shaw, 74, of 1801 K street N.W.—were treated at Walter Reed Hospital for head and leg injuries. The sedan in which the men were riding and the parked truck caught fire shortly after the crash. The truck was badly damaged before the blaze was brought under con trol by firemen. The front of the sedan was demolished by the crash. Injured in an accident at College Park, Md., Marie Murdock, 35, col ored, 1058 Bladensburg road NE„ was admitted to Casualty Hospital last night with a brain concussion and severe leg cuts. FREDERIC CLEMSON HOWE, j —A. P. Photo, j Frederic Howe Dies; Former Consumers' Counsel for A. A. A. Lawyer Spent Lifetime Seeking Reforms for 'Average Man' By fhf Associated Press. OAK BLUFFS. Mass.. Aug. 3.— Frederic Clemson Howe. 72, former consumers' counsel for the Agricul ture Adjustment Administration and a self-described "fighting idealist” who spent a lifetime seeking re forms for the "average man,” died today at Martha's Vineyard Hos pital. Scholar, author, lawyer and au thority on government, Mr. Howe was stricken ill two weeks ago while visiting at the summer home in Chilmark of Roger Baldwin, an of ficial of the American Civil Liberties Union. Native of Pennsylvania. A native of Meadville, Pa., he was commissioner of immigration for the Port of New York from 1914 to 1917 and served on President Wil son's Board of Experts at the Paris Peace Conference. In 1905 he was appointed a special United States commissioner to investigate munic ipal ownership in Great Britain. Mr. Howe was consumers' counsel for the A. A. A. from June, 1933. to January, 1935. and later served as a special assistant to Secretary of Agriculture Wallace. For the last six months he had been working with the Federal Monopoly Committee. Mr. Howe was working on a book about the Philippines which he once served as economic adviser. He was a member of the Ohio Senate from 1906 to 1909 and previously served on the Cleveland City Coun cil. He directed the People’s Insti tute in New York from 1911 to 1914. Wrote Several Books. At various times Mr. Howe was a single taxer, a Socialist, a liberal, a radical and an executive of the Labor party. Among his works were: ; "The Confessions of a Monopolist,” "Privilege and Democracy in Amer ica,” "Denmark—a Co-operative I Commonwealth.” "Revolution and Democracy" and "The Confessions of a Reformer.” He was graduated from Allegheny College in 1889 and studied at Halle. Germany; the University of Mary land law school and the New York Law School. He had served as pro fessor of law at the Cleveland Col lege of Law, as lecturer on taxation at Western Reserve University and as lecturer on municipal administra tion and politics at the University of Wisconsin. U. S. Officials Mourn For Former Associate Officials of the Department of Agriculture, shocked to learn of the death of their former associate. Frederic Clemson Howe, in Oak Bluffs. Mass., today, praised in glow ing terms his work in developing economic reforms pushed forward through agencies of the department. Donald Montgomery, who succeed ed Mr. Howe as consumer counsel of the A. A. A., summed up his feelings and those of others in his office with the statement: “Fred Howe ■was a grand human being, a fearless fighter and a very dear friend. As a successor of his in this office. I have always had the encouragement of his advice and support. His going is a very real loss to all of us here who worked with him.” John R. Fleming of the Bureau of Agricultural Economics, a close personal associate of Mr. Howe for several years, praised Mr. Howe's efforts as consumer counsel as a “brilliant job” despite “almost un surmouittable odds” accompanying one of the most difficult tasks ever undertaken in the department. Referring to the office of con sumer counsel as a “radical idea” to begin with due to Its affiliation with an agency “normally producer minded only,” Mr. Fleming said the former counsel “fought well, at times alone, to co-ordinate a con flict of interests and was extremely successful in his endeavors.” Secretary Wallace, a personal friends of Mr. Howe, was out of the city today. Woman in Six-Story Fail Is Adjudged Suicide Coroner A. Magruder MacDonald last night issued a certificate of suicide in the death of Mrs. Julia W. Potts, 42, of Charles Town, W. Va„ who leaped from a sixth-floor window at the McReynolds Apart ments, Eighteenth and G streets N.W., yesterday afternoon. Dr. MacDonald said he learned Mrs. Potts had been in ill health for some time and recently was a patient in a mental hospital. She had driven here Thursday with rel atives to visit Mrs. Rosa Hankey, manager of the McReynolds, for a few days. Mrs. Potts’ body ripped through two awnings and dropped to the sidewalk on the G street side of the building. She was pronounced dead a few minutes after she was taken to Emergency Hospital. Her sister, Mrs. Mary Lucas, was in an adjoining room when Mrs. Potts leaped from the window and did not know of the tragedy until notified by the switchboard oper ator. Mrs. Potts is survived by her husband, Lewellyn Potts of Charles Town. Industrialists Hope For Early Solution Of Tax 'Bottleneck' Amortization of Defense Plant Expense Over Five Years Explained Es the Associated Press. NEW YORK, Aug. 3.—Prospect of early ending of the “worst bottleneck in the defense program” was seen by some leading industrialists today in President Roosevelt's statement that Chairman Harrison of the Senate Finance Committee hoped to get final action on new tax legislation within a month. These industrialists 6aid the mo6t difficult obstacle to undertaking arms business, most of which re quires new plant and equipment, had been lack of Federal tax pro visions to permit charging off the cost of a new plant from earnings during the period in which it might reasonably be expected to be used. Alternative to Build Plants. Industrial leaders said it was not essentially a problem of “profits,” but of assuring continuity of peace time business enterprises which un dertake arms work, once the emer gency is over. The alternative, as these business leaders explain it, is for the Gov ernment to build and pay for arms plants and perhaps lease the plants to business concerns. This pro cedure. they say, would be more complicated and would not fully avail the Nation of the forces of American private enterprise. The problem has been the source of many conferences in Washington of late and administration sources have proposed that cost of plant be amortized—that is, deducted from taxable earnings—over a period of five years. Business leaders say this would be acceptable but that Congress has yet to act and indica tions are it will take time Planning Held Up. In the meantime, they say they are unable to make plans. To ex plain the problem, a top executive of one big industrial concern sug gested the following hypothetical case of the course of a Government order: "ABC Co.” receives a call from the Government for $5,000,000 of naval gun castings, which it does not nor mally produce. To cast this order, it must install $1,000,000 of special equipment even before work starts. Material, labor and general overhead cost is $3,600. 000. The total cost, before taxes, is $4,600,000. leaving a “profit” of $400,000. After a 20 per cent normal tax on corporations, the apparent profit would be $320,000. Somewhere, along the line this $4,600,000 must come back into the cash register, if the "ABC Co." is to make its $400,000 of "profit," which is 8 per cent on the value of the order, and, allowing for normal manufacturing risks and taxes to be paid, not out of line with standard practice. According to Treasury rulings at present, varying amounts of new plant cost can be added to the ex pense of doing business each year when calculating what Is due for taxes. This amount is based on the estimated useful life of the new plant. In the case of “heavy” plant construction such expectancy may be 20 years’and cause a business to charge 1 20 of the cost of a plant each year for two decades to its operating expenses. Defense _* Continued From First Page. > program's status, declaring that al though $80,000,000 in contracts had been cleared by the commission for planes, many had not yet been form ally signed. However, several firms have pro ceeded with technical problems for expansion. The North American Aviation Corp. has been building and storing training planes without orders. Although Mr. Horton made no mention of it. aviation experts pointed out toda.v that this pro cedure would enable the company to escape the 8 per cent profit limi tation imposed by the Vinson-Tram mell Act. The profits limitation was one cause for refusal by some manufac turers to accept contracts. A new excess profits tax, which also will permit a five-year amortization of expansion costs, is being rushed through Congress. Contracts Total SI,722,209,0M. Mr. Horton added that the $4, 800,000,000 defense bill pending in Congress would provide 25.000 planes by July 1, 1942—about 18.000 for the Army and 7,000 for the Navy. The Army is far behind in its quota of deliveries from previous programs, although the Navy has far more plans than are capable of being used from carriers. These other defense activities were reported: The Defense Commission an nounced it had cleared contracts totalling (72,200,000 for the Army and Navy in the week of July 18 to July 27, increasing the total to (1, 722.200.000 since June 6. The largest single item in the new contracts was one for (29.357,000 which was given to the Picatinny Arsenal for ammunition. The War Department announced contracts had been awarded total ing (7,859,162, largest of which was an award of (2,455.660 to the Colt’s Patent Firearms Manufacturing Co. of Hartford, Conn. It was believed this sum will be spent largely for 37-millimeter cannons for warplanes. T. V. A. Starts Expansion. The Tennessee Valley Authority reported work already had begun under the (25,000,000 appropriation signed this week by President Roosevelt which will permit power expansion for airplane aluminum production. About 6.000 men will be used at the building peak. Sidney Hillman, labor member ol the National Defense Commission, set up a four-man committee—two A. F. of L. and two C. I. O. mem bers—to try to keep the peace between the rival labor organiza tions in defense industries. The action, indorsed by the full A. F. of L.-C. I. O. Labor Policy Committee which advises Mr. Hill man on labor problems, is aimed particularly at preventing inter union raiding and cross-picketing where such activities might inter rupt production of defense materials. The four members—Harvey Brown and peorge Q. Lynch of the A. F. of L. and Van A. Bittner and Emil Rleve of the C. I. O.—will have no police powers, but will attempt by persuasion and negotiation to keep the two sides from treading on each other’s domain. TANKS LUMBER DOWN AN ENGLISH LANE—Tanks rumble, guns roar and chatter as a couple of million “Englishmen in khaki” are whipped into shape to face a Nazi invasion. These tanks are shown moving down a country lane, past houses which the British are prepared to blast to dust before allow ing them to be used as cover for invaders.—A. P. Wirephoto. Takoma Park Bandits Squeeze Contractor, Take $1,264 in Cash Three Men Robbed By Strong-Arm Men In Washington Montgomery County police today had neither description nor clues to the identity of two men reported to have held up and robbed Milton A. Cramer, 32, a brick contractor, of a pay roll and his own funds, totaling $1,264, yesterday. In the District, bandits employ ing strong-arm methods, robbed three men on Washington streets last night, while a pickpocket vic timized a youth sleeping on a bus terminal bench. Squeezed by Bandits. Mr. Cramer was found lying near the entrance to his office in the basement of his home at 1610 Flower avenue. Takoma Park, Md„ by Paul Taltamus of 1000 Flower avenue yesterday afternoon. He told police two men. one of them wearing a straw hat, stuck what he believed was a pistol in his ribs, grabbed him around the chest and squeezed him into unconsciousness. They had gone when he was dis covered, and the pay roll and his j own money were missing. He was unable tp give Sergt. Earl i Burdine or Corpl. George Windham l and Policeman Alton Harding a | description of his assailants, ex plaining the men approached him from behind. Charles A. Monroe of 626 Sixth street N.E. told police three col ored men assaulted him at his car parked on Madison court N.W. and escaped with his wallet contain ing $44. Three men who asked directions of James E. Carry. jr„ of Roanoke. Va„ near Fourth and East Capitol streets last night, suddenly set upon their informant, robbing him of $5 and a small amount of change. | Mr. Carry received minor head bruises. Forced into an areaway in the 300 block of L street N.W. by a col ored man who threatened him with ■ a razor. Tony Lapinski of Newark, N. J.. was robbed of $14, he told police. Robbed While Dozing. John Matras, 21, of Norfolk. Va., reported $34 was taken from his billfold while he doaed on a bench in a bus terminal at Twelfth street and New York avenue N.W. last night. The youth told police he suspects a tall, thin man who en gaged him in conversation a short time before he dropped off to sleep. The wallet was replaced in his shirt pocket after the money had been removed, the victim said. A purse containing $2 and per sonal effects was cut from her arm by two colored men near Seventh and L streets N.W., Elizabeth Wil liams of 445 H street N.W. reported last night. A masked colored bandit who cut his way through a screen door robbed Millard F. Lynch of ap proximately $2 in the living room of his home at 2328 Ashmead place N.W. yesterday afternoon, locked him in the bathroom and ransacked the house. The man escaped with a small amount of loot. Dr. Robert W. Frischkom Dies of Heart Ailment Dr. Robert W. Frischkom, 64. of 1238 Monroe street N.E., for many I years a practicing physician here, | died yesterday in Providence Hos pital from a heart ailment. A native of Lawrence County, Pa., Dr. Frischkom was graduated from George Washington Univer sity and began practice in 1904. He had an office in this city since, except for a few years when he was in the real estate business in De troit and at the New York Post graduate Medical School and Hos pital. He studied at the latter be fore returning to practice, after having engaged in the real estate business. Dr. Frischkom was a veteran of the Spanish-American War. He was a member of the United Span ish War Veterans, the American Medical Association and the Knights of Columbus. Surviving are his widow, Mrs. O. W. Frischkom; two sons, Ralph W. Frischkom, Baltimore, and Paul Frischkom, Detroit; a daughter, Mrs. H. B. Keeler, Norristown, Pa.; four grandchildren, five brothers and four sisters. Funeral services will be held at 9:90 am. Monday in St. Anthony’s Catholic Church, following brief services at the residence. Burial will be in Odd Fellows Cemetery, Smyrna, DeL Left $2,752,044, Heir Calm Over New Riches Bt the Atsocieted Press. LANSDOWNE, Pa., Aug. 3.—The $2,752,044 estate he inherited from a bachelor uncle is ‘ making no difference" in the plans of quiet middle-aged Walter H. Dilworth. At his home in this suburban Philadelphia town Mr. Dilworth con sidered calmly his newly acquired riches. He has not decided what to do with the money, he said, and “I'll consider that when I get it.” Mr. Dilworth fell heir to the estate left by his uncle, 80-year old Poster C. Hennion. who died intestate at Hoboken, N. J. The Lansdowne man was granted let ters of administration yesterday by Surrogate John H. Gavin at Jer sey City. With his wife. Mr. Dilworth lives in a comfortable "duplex’ home. In a few days thqy are leaving for a three-week vacation in Canada, and beyond that have made no plans. District Gets $7,600 For Special Drive on Venereal Diseases Fund Will Be Spent In Co-operation With Nation's Armed Forces The District Health Department has been granted a special Federal fund of $7,600 to co-operate with the Nation's armed forces in con trolling venereal diseases during the current fiscal year, it was learned today. The sum will be used for drugs and civilian medical treatment in answer to the statement of Surgeon General Thomas Parran, jr., of the United States Public Health Service that “the responsibility for preven tion of new infections among en listed men lies in the adequacy of control programs in towns and cities near areas of military con centration and maneuvers.” me ngure is a portion oi a ssi.uuu Federal grant to Washington for the fight against syphilis and gonor rhea this fiscal year. The District is allotting approximately $26,000 from its own funds for the cam paign, and another $16,726 for lab oratory investigations of the diseases. The Nursing Bureau is to do over $30,000 worth of labor to combat the diseases. It was stated that for those suf fering effects of syphilis, and beyond the curable stage, St. Elizabeth's Hospital spends about half a million dollars annually on mental care. DIES IN BRITAIN—Richard J. Ely, 26, former Washington resident and ex-football play er at the University of Vir ginia, died “somewhere in the British Isles” July 12 after an abdominal operation, while with the Royal Canadian En gineers, relatives in Phila delphia were informed yester day. Mr. Elly joined the Cana dian forces in May and sailed for the war zone in June. —A. P. Photo. Kentucky Casting Ballot Atter Dull Primary Drive By th» Associated Press. LOUISVILLE. Ky. Aug. 3 — Capping a campaign of almost un precedented dullness, Kentuckians began 10 hours of primary voting at 6 aun. today to determine nominees for one United States Senate seat and the State's nine posts in the House of Representatives. The incumbents—one Republican and nine Democrats, the latter in cluding Senator A. B. (Happy) Chandler, who predicted for himself a majority of 125,000 to 150.000— were expected to win the nomina tions. The Democratic incumbents were credited with at least the tacit sup port of the State administration and Gov. Keen Johnson, who appointed Chandler to the senatorial post last year, said “we will contribute our utmost to give him a vote of confidence.” In the Republican senatorial pri mary Bell County Attorney Walter B. Smith of Pineville was favored by observers over four opponents. The mast active candidate was a Democratic senatorial aspirant, for mer State Representative Charles P. Parnsley of Louisville, who termed Chandler an "isolationist” in a one week campaign by radio, and pledged himself to seek “immediate aid for the Allies.* NEW YORK.—CAN JUDGE MAKE DEFENDANT SHAVE?— Harry “Pittsburgh Phil” Strauss (right) grew this set of whiskers while awaiting trial on the eharge he was a triggerman for Murder, Inc. Prosecution wants him to shave, since witnesses will be called upon to attempt to identify him as the slayer of Irving “Puggy” Finestein. The defendant wants to keep his whiskers. The Judge must decide. Strauss is shown with a^ detective at court yesterday. —A. P. Wirephoto. Using Same Stiletto, Senator Johnson Replies to Roosevelt Not 'Yes' Man, California Republican Declares; Will Stand on Record By the Associated Pres*. Senator Johnson of California, a Republican, asserted today that President Roosevelt had used “the same old stiletto" in declaring yes terday that Senator Johnson could not be considered a Liberal or Pro gressive Democrat. <A reporter at the President's press conference yesterday said that Senator Johnson, who sup ported Mr. Roosevelt in 1932. was a candidate for renomination on the Republican, Democratic and Progressive tickets. He asked the President for comment. Mr. Roosevelt replied that he did not think any one could consider Senator Johnson a Liberal or Progressive pemocrat in 1940.) Others on Both Tickets. Senator Johnson made this formal comment: "Mr. Roosevelt's carefully planned and affectionate (?) attack is no surprise, but in fairness he should have stated that all the candidates for United States Senator, and there are five of them, under the Cali fornia law, as they have the right to do. are running on both the Republican and Democratic tickets. "My real acquaintance with Mr. Roosevelt began when 1 fought for him in 1932. Had I followed him in his attempted packing of the Su preme Court and his veiled and un American deeds leading us down the road to war and dictatorship I would have been a perfect liberal and progressive, and what glory W’OUld be minp' Not a "Yes” Man. “My record of 30 years is open for every one to read. It is my treas ure. No man, however exalted his position, shall, with impunity, at tack it. “The people of the State of Cali fornia would not highly regard me, and I would be without self-respect were I a mere ‘Yes’ man I never have been and I never will be. “I make no issue with the Presi dent upon matters of opinion, but I insist on matters of fact that the record shall be kept straight. "This is just the same old purge: the same old sham expressions of regard and affection, the same old stiletto.” Weather Report (Furnished by the United 8(at*« Weather Bureau > District of Columbia—Pair, continued cool tonight: tomorrow con siderable cloudiness, slightly warmer; gentle east winds tonight, shifting to southeast on Sunday. Maryland and Virginia—Fair, continued cool tonight; tomorrow considerable cloudiness, slightly warmer in the interior. West Virginia—Fair, slightly warmer in northwest portion tonight tomorrow fair, slowly rising temperatures. TTfsincr tonamont un Hours. A wave disturbance of slight intensity Is central about 200 miles east-southeast of Jacksonville. Fla., with lowest pressure about 1013.3 millibars <29.02 inches). The Western disturbance is moving slowly east ward as a trough of low pressure extend ing from Eastern South Dakota. Huron. 1013.5 millibars <29.93 inches), south south westward to extreme Western Texas. El Paso. 1012.5 millibars <29.90 inches) A high-Dressure area is moving eastward over the North Atlantic States. Providence. R. I. 1029 1 millibars <30.39 inches), with a wedge extending southwestward to Ala bama Pressure continues relatively high over the Gulf of Mexico and is high over Western South Dakota. Rapid City. S. Dak.. 1021.0 millibars <30.15 Inches) and on the Washington coast. Tatoosh Island. 1024.4 millibars (30.25 inches). During the last 24 hours showers have occurred in the middle and southern Rocky Moun tain region, the upper Lake region, the upper Mississippi Valley, Florida and in portions of the Gulf and Plains States. Temperatures have risen slightly in the Lake region, while they have fallen over the Northern Rocky Mountain region and the Northern Plains States. Weekly Outloek. North and Middle Atlantic States: Local showers at beginning of week and again Thursday and Friday. A normally warm week Ohio Valley and Tennessee: Scattered local thundersshowers early part of week over Kentucky and Tennessee, local thun dershowers Thursday and Friday. Sea sonally warm during week. Report nr Last 94 Hoar*. „ , . Temperature. Barometer. Yesterday. Degrees. Inches. 4 P.m. - 78 30 25 8 p.m. _ 73 30 27 Midnight _ 88 30.30 Today— * a.m. _ 84 30.29 £ » »• -. 85 30 34 Noon - 74 30.30 ■eeerd for Last 24 Bears. (From noon yesterday to noon today.) ^’^S,®*1, 21* 2:30 p.m. yesterday. Year ago. 93. Lowest. 83, 3:15 am. today. Year ago, 72. ■eeerd Temperatures This Year. Highest, 100. on July 27. lowest, 7, on January 29. Humidity for Last 24 Hoars. (From noon yesterday to noon today.) Highest, 88 per cent, at 3 a.m. today, lowest, 48 per cent, at noon yesterday. Tide TaMes. (Furnished by United States coast and Geodetic Survey.) _ Today. Tomorrow. High _ 7:17 a.m. 8:04 am. low - 1:39 a.m. 2:28 am. High _ 7:47 p.m. 8:35 p.m. Low _ 2:15 p.m. 3:02 p.m. ih Ban ana moon. Rises. Seta Sun, today _ 6:10 1:18 Sun. tomorrow_ 5:11 7:17 Moon, today _ 4:60 am. 6:68 p.m. Automobile lights muet. ba turned on one-hall hour after sunset >’----- — ■—. River Resort. Potomac and Shenandoah Rivers clear st Harpers Ferry, Potomac muddy at Great Falls today. Pretlpi tatiaa. Monthly nreclpltatlon In Inches In the Capital (current month to date): Month. 1940. Ave. Record. January _ 2.12 3 85 7.83 '37 February _ 2.77 3.27 8.84 '84 March_ 3.42 3.75 8.84 '91 April_6.19 3.27 9.13 '89 May _ 3.10 3.70 10.69 '89 June - .86 4.13 10.94 '00 July -6:73 4.71 10.63 '86 August -- 4 01 14.41 '28 September __ 3.24 17.45 '34 October-- 2.84 8.81 '37 November_ 2.37 8.69 '89 December __ 3.32 7.56 '01 Weather hi Variant Cities. Temp. Raln Barom. Hieh.Low. tall. Weather. Abilene... 29.89 102 79 . Cloudy Albany_ 30.36 80 58 _ Cloudy Atlanta _ 30.15 84 66 ... Clear Atl. City. 3033 74 66 Cloudy Baltimore 30.36 82 60 _ Cloudy Birm'gham 30.12 90 TO Clear , Bismarck 30.12 89 52 0.07 Clear Boston ._ 30 36 70 57 _ Cloudy Buffalo... 30.27 82 66 _ Cloudy Butte _ 30.15 7r 3* _Clear Charleston 30.06 86 70 ... Cloudy Chicago . 30 06 94 71 ... cloudy Cincinnati 30.12 94 71 ... Clear Cleveland. 30 18 87 6? __ Cloudy Columbia _ 30.15 86 66 _Cloudy* Davenport- 30.03 99 77 _ Cloudy Denver 30.09 95 60 Clear Des Molnea 29.97 95 73 0.01 Cloudy-4 Detroit _. 30.18 81 70 0.02 Rain Bl Paso 29 89 91 76 _ Cloudy Galveston. 30.00 92 78 _ Cloudy . Huron 29.94 101 69 ... Cloudy ' India noils. 30.06 93 66 . Seer Jacks'vllle 29.97 88 73 1.1* Cloudy Kans. City 29.97 98 79 _ Cloudv Los Angeles 30.00 85 __ Cloudv Louisville 30.09 95 72 Cloudy Miami 29 97 92 73 0.09 Cloudy Mpls.-St P. 29 91 85 70 Cloudy N. Orleans 30.03 88 78 0.82 Cloudy New York. 30.36 79 59 Cloudy Norfolk_ 30.27 82 7 0 Cloudv Omaha 29.97 94 «9 0.67 Cloudy Philad'phia 30.36 77 !>9 Cloudy Phoenix . .. 29.98 105 84 ... Clear Pittsburgh 30.27 79 _ Cloudy P lend. Me. 30.33 70 48 ... Clear ' P land. Ore. 30.18 82 68 _ Clear - Raleigh .. 30.24 S3 61 _ Cloudy St Loulg . 30.00 97 75 _ Cloudy1 S. Lake C. 30.00 92 53 _ Clear S. Antonio 29.97 101 75 _ Cloud* P*n Diego 30.00 75 84 Cloudy' 8. Frando 30.00 70 52 ... Cloud* Seattle .. 30.24 77 54 ... Clear * SPokane. 30.09 80 50 clear ■Tani?* _ 29 89 83 73 1.40 Cloudy. WASH.D.C. 30.33 79 83 . _ Cloud* FOEEIGN STATIONS. (Noon. Greenwich time, today l TemBerature. Weather. Horta (Fayal). Azores 12 Cloudy _ . (Current obserTStions.) Sen Juan. Puerto Rico, *1 Cloudy* Havana, Cuba _ tf Cloudy Colon, Canal Zone_ *1 Haiti Potomac Area Set Up For Navy's Use in Testing Torpedoes 0 Shipping Warned Away From Piney Point and Point Lookout Section Creation of a torpedo testing rang# in the Potomac River between Piney Point and Point Lookout was an* nounced today by the Navy Depart ment as shipping was warned away from the danger area during speci fied hours. The range is about 13 miles long and varies from 1 to 3 miles in width. Between 7 a.m. and 4 p.m. on all days except Sunday and legal holidays all boats must keep out of the zone and ply a narrow, and in some spots shallow, channel close to the Virginia shore. Anchorage Prohibited. It was explained the rules do not prohibit the use of waters in the danger area for fish traps or th« passage of fishing vessels to the traps, providing permits have been obtained from the War Department. The regulations, which were set by the War Department and trans mitted by the Navy Hydrographic Office, further forbid the anchor age of vessels in the area or the passage of vessels at a speed of greater than 10 knots when going past the torpedo barge, within 1,000 yards. Signals to Be Flown. “During periods when the rang* is in operation,” the order continues, “any vessels in danger or any ves sels interfering with operations will be met by representatives of the officer in charge, suitably warned and given necessary instructions and orders relative to navigating the zone. The torpedo testing barge will fly ‘international B‘ at a yard arm when testing operations are in progress. Government vessels, sea planes or other craft patrolling th# zone will fly or expose a red flag.” The commandant of the Navy Yard here is given full authority for the carrying out of the regula tions. Herron and Van Voorhis Promoted by Army Because of the strategic impor tance of their commands, the W’ar Department announced late yester day the promotions of Mat. Gena. onaries D. Her ron of the Ha waiian Depart ment and Daniel Van Voorhis of the Panama Ca nal Department to the rank of lieutenant gen eral. Their promo tions, followed signing of a bill Wednesday by President Roose velt, providing the higher rank for the two ofli Gea. Herron. cers during their present assign ments. Gen. Herron was graduated from the Military Academy in 1899. serv Cfi. V»n VMfhia. ing In the Phil ippine Insurrec tion as a field commander and also on the gen eral staff at Gen. Pershing's head quarters during the World War. He has been in command of the Hawaiian De partment since March 17. 1938. Gen. V a n Voorhis was as signed to com mand the Pan ama canal Department in Jan uary of this year. He entered the Army as a corporal in a Pennsyl vania volunteer company during the Spanish-American War. later serv ing as a Cavalry lieutenant in the Philippine Insurrection. During the World War he was in charge of the port of embarkation at Brest, Prance. Both officers received decorations for their World War service.